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THE MADIS. ONIAN
floriiculiarc! LADYBUGS TO DESTROY APHIS Capture of Bugs In California It IntM sting Industry Gathered and Sent to lnsectory. (By MRS. A. JQ8KPH. California.) The rapturing of ladybuga to kill aphis. Is a very interesting Industry, In this state. During tbe early win ter months, the miners are always on the lookout (or the ladybuga, and they. In turn, notify the State Entomolog ist, and he has thorn gathered and sent to the state lnsectory. The bugs are gathered up, whlla they are off guard, and thrown Into runny-Backs. Then, they are trans ported by pack-train, over the snow, to the station, from which place, they are forwarded by train. Humbug Canyon is a favorite place for the ladybuga. When the canyon fills up with snow, in the winter, and thoro Is no more food, they foregath er in the higher places, where there are great bunches of moss. The warmth of their bodlea is conserved. In this way. The little fellowa on the outside worm their way inward, and when I hey get w arm, crawl out again, for a breath of fresh air. In this way, they spend the winter season. Like others, of their kind, the lady bugs sleep through the winter. Then the warmth of spring helps tlieni to shake off the spell, and they are ready for work. In the insectory, an artificial winter is made, with ice, and, by turning on the raid, it suspends animation in ber ladyship. She will live for months without food, some having been kept, In cold storage, for six months, without food. T,he ladybiigs are gathered In ad vance of the melon and cabbage sea son. The lnsectory will supply thou sands upon orders from southern Cal ifornia, where they grow melons and cabbage. As no spray will reach tbe aphis, the lice, which prey on those vines, lady bugs are the only cure. FIRE BUGHT OF APPLE TREE Disease la Caused by Bacterium and la Very Contagious But One Method of Eradication. fainumgiat, I'nlversitJ arm, St. Paul. Minn.) ' There Is a great deal of twig and 'branch blight of apple trees this year, Indicated by the browning of leaves euid blackening of twigs. Not only the smaller branches are affected, but also larga limbs, and, iu some cased, even the trunks. Tbe disease is caused by a bacte rium, and is very contagions. Usuuily the microbe is carried by insects to the flowers, where it multiplies rapid ly ;iml the blossom Is blackened and killed, or It may extend along under the bark, killing the twig and often extending to the branches also takes place through tender shoots. For this reason, in orchards where tiie disease has cained a foothold, nothing should be done to encourage rapid growth. The germs (sometimes live through winter in holdover canker? and are the source of new infection. There is but one method of eradi cating the blight from an orchard, that is, cut it out, preferably in late sum mi r or fall The branches should al ways "e cut some distance back from the diseased parts, and after each limb is cut the pruning knife should be dis infected by dipping luto a solution of corrosive sublimate in the proportion of one part of the poison to one thou sand parts of water. PROTECTION FOR THE TREES Arizona Man Designs Covering, Ex tending Around Trunk at All Sides ti the Crown. In describing a tree protector, in vented by C. I. Helm of Phoenix, Ariz., tbe Scientific American says: it Is the design of this invention to Tree Protector. provide a protector by wbich tbe tree can be thoroughly protected, tbe pro tector being adapted to extend from the ground to tbe branches of tbe t ee. and to holi a cylindrical body of art a extending around the tree trunk t all aide to the crown and among tb(t branches, a shown la tbe accom panying Illustration. in - IN PLACE OF THE PIE OME RCCIPIt THAT WILL PftOVI OF VALUE. Amber and Chartreuse of Jelly Are) Among tbe Best Hew to Prepare Macaroon Rosettes -Coeoanut Cream Also Qood. Amber Jelly Two tablespoon gel, tine, one-half cup boiling water, one halt cup cold water, three cups sweet cider, sugar. Soak gelatin In the cold water tor Ave minutes. Dissolve In boiling wa ter, add cider and sugar. Stir until dissolved and poor into mold. Chartreuse of Jelly Cut out the center of a round sponge cake, leaving the bottom and sides thick enough to hold a quart of Jelly. Prepare a lem on, strawberry, orange or wine Jelly, and when it la cold and Just ready to form turn Into the cake and set aside In a cool place or on Ice. When ready to serve cover the top with tbe chilled froth from a cup of double cream and a cup of milk beaten with a whip churn. Flavor the cream with vanilla or wine and add one-fourth cup of coulectioner's sugar before whipping. Macaroon Rosettes. One table spoon gelatine, one-quarter cup cold water, three eggs, one-eighth teaspoon salt, one teaspoon vanilla, two cups milk, one-third cup sugar, two-thirds cup pounded macaroons. Soak gelatine in the cold water five minutes. Make a custard of the yolks of eggs, milk, sugar and salt Add gelatine to the hot custard and set In a cool place. Aa it thickens add the beaten whites of the eggs, macaroons and vanilla. Serve on rosettes or In patty shells, and garnish with red Jelly put through a ricer. Cocoanut Cream. One tablespoon gelatine, one-quarter cup cold water, one-third cup sugar, one teaspoon va nilla, three eggs, two cups milk, one cup cocoanut, pinch of salt. Heat yolks of eggs and add sugar. When milk Is about boiling stir in eggs and sugar and cook until mixture thickens slightly. Remove from fire and add gelatine, which has been soaked In the cold water five minutes. When cool and beginning to set add cocoanut and whites of eggs beaten stiff, and flavoring. Line a mold with sections of orange and pour in the cus tard. Serve ice cold. Corn Beef Salad With Cream Dressing. Select a lean piece of beef and boil It the day before using In enough wa ter to cover It, pouring on the water cold. Do not let it boil hard, but come gradually to tbe boiling point, then cook slowly until perfectly tender. Pull out the bones, place in a diBh, cover with a plate on which place an iron to press the meat and so let it remain un til the beef is cold. Cut one pound Id tajirilf inch pUa -SHoulA vv.e Yrt anyvat, remove most of it and make the cream dressing. Two eggs, three table? poonfuls of vinegar, one table spoonful of rich cream, salt to taste, a quarter tablespoonful of mustard and a sprinkle of cayenne. Beat the eggs well, add the salt and mustard, then the vinegar and cream. Put the bowl containing this mixture into a basin of boiling water on tbe stove and stir un til about the thickness of rich cream. Cool and when cold mix part with the chopped meat. Just before time to serve have a head of nice lettuce washed and dried In a cloth. Place the larger leaves on a platter, mix the small ones with the meat and over all pour the remainder of the salad dress ing. Caramel Custard. Cook four tabiespoonfuls of sugar until it is a light brown. Put into a baking dish. Heat three eggs with three tablespoonfuls of sugar. Add a cupful and a half of cream or rich milk, and u teaspoonful of vanila. Pour It into the baking dish on top of the caramel. Hake in a pan of water until it is set. Instead of cook ing this custard lu a big dish, a little of the caramel can be put iu each of half a dozen custard cups, and the custard mixture poured over it. Then they can be' baked and wheu they are done turned out on individual dishes. Serve cold. Fruit Salad. Beat yolk of four eggs till very thick; beat Into them gradually one cup powdered sugar and one-half tea spoonful salt. Beat until sugar 1 dis solved. Add Juice of two lemons and beat again. Peel and slice thin aix bananas and four orangea; put in a deep dish layer of bananas, then of dressing, then of orange and so on, having bananas on top, and pour tbe remainder of dressing over it. Serve very cold. Whipped Cream Sauce. Whip a pint of thick sweet cream, add tbe beaten white of two eggs, sweeten to taste; place pudding In center of. dish and surround with tbe sauce; or pile up In center, and sur round with molded blanc mange or fruit puddlnga. Cold Water Cake. One and one-half cups sugar, one fourth cup butter (I use half lard), ZV cups flour, two eggs, one cup water, two teaspoons of baking powder, sifted with some flour. Flavor to taste and frost if you like. This make a good sized loaf. Chines Salad. Equal part of cold macaroni cut In to small bits, minced ham, lobster and cold boiled carrot, chopped. Mix well and add some good mayonnaise dress ing, with a few caper. KimnoNAL sniMSnBn Lesson (Pr ft. O. BKLLRKS. Director of Kvenlna tvprment. The Moody Bible Institute. Chicago.) LESSON FOR DECEMBER 21 DIVISION OF THE LAND. LR880N TTCJCT-Jonhua 14:1-14. OOI.lKN Tr.XT-"8k ye flret tlie kingdom of Ikxl and his rtghteounnma; bnd all these things shall be added unto you." Matt :S3. Following trie defeat at Al we see Joshua building an altar at Ebal (ch.8) and reading again "all tfcat Moses commanded" (v. 35), to the, Israelite and the stranger a well. Then fol low an account of hi campaign. A military critic ha classed Jyshua with the Alexanders, Caesars, Napoleons, Wellington and Grants of all ages, tlie dealing with the Gtbejnltc and it after effects was one eiror in hi campaign, for he failed to take coun sel of Jehovah. At tbe close of the war (ch. 11) Joshua is revidy to divldo the long-promised inheritance, chap ters 12-21. I. Those left behind, vv. 1-5. Read carefully Numbers ch. 32 to recall the story of those who, like Lot of old, saw good grazing land and chose It in preference to that on the farther side of Jordan, that possessed by the "chil dren of Anak." Subsequent history reveal the foolishness of their'choice, for they were the first to fall before the enemies of Israel Vben the king dom was broken up. The Levitefl (v. 4) were not to have a portion but rather they were to dwell in selected cities with suburban property. Caleb Not an Israelite. II. Caleb claim hi Inheritance, vv. 6-12. Joshua was old and stricken In years (13:1) and now Israel is be fore him, each of the remaining nine and one-halt tribes, to have appor tioned unto them a permanent dwel ling place after the long years of wil derness wandering, and the more re cent campaign of subjugation. Before Joshua casts the lot. however, Caleb recalls the promise Moses had made to him 45 years before (v. 10). From a comparison of v. 6 II. V., Gen. 15:19 and Josh. 15:13 it appears that Caleb was not an Israelite by birth, but nev ertheless he claims an inheritance, among them, based upon the pronlfe! of Moses, "the man of God," became be had "wholly followed the Lord my God" v. 9. His name literally meant "a dog" yet this dog of a Gentile gdt more than tbe crumbs that fell frorl the master's table, Matt 15:26. Cali rested upon the sure word of God, aA' to remember thi'a,;,,;sa,.7L! ae"d.-.imiJeic. -. -ow those vent In the valley of Eschel must hav stood out in the memory of Caleb an Joshua.. They remembered how th companions caused the hearts of til people "to melt" Num. 14:37. Th: day's work was one of serious resu! and so shall it be for their lniitatoa of the present day. To see the giantVi and not, a Caleb, to see God had brought death. In his heart, however, Caleb treasured God' word and now at eighty-five he has not alone been "kept alive," but be is as strong as on that day. when in the prime of his manhood, Moses had sent him forth with the twelve. Remembered God's Promise. III. A promise fulfilled vv. 13-15. Joshua at once recognizes the Justness and validity of Caleb's claim. lie re membered God's promise, Num. 14:24 30; Deut. 1:36-38. therefore he at onte grants tbe request and adds to it bis blessing. Hebron, means "joining," "union," "fellowship." Thus we see Caleb entering into all the lights, privileges and blessings of any of the descendants of Jacob. Is this not typical of our privilege in Christ Je sus? John 15:5; 14:20; I. John 1:8. See also Matt. 8:11, 12. Tbe only con dition Is that of faith In God and in hie Word, Gal. 3:7, 26. 29. "Thus faith in tbe case of Caleb is revealed as tbe principle which follow fully, waits pa tiently, asks for new opportunities tor its exercise, and gain Anally a vic tory." G. Campbell Morgan. The Golden Text The essential value of this lesson Is expressed In these words of our Lord. To seek the kingdom of God and his righteousness first, 1 tbe matter of supreme Impor tance and Involve following tbe Lord fully. Frequently, constantly, this mean a long postponement of th day of our visible vindication. Yet uch postponement I not tbe result of the capriciousnes of God. nor la It delayed beyond the hour necessary for tbe working out of the plana ot Jehovah, In accordance with the very best mean. As Caleb waited those 45 year his strength waxed not, and all thing needful were supplied. Tbe point 1 not so much that be at last gained tbe Inheritance, but that dur ing tbe period of waiting bis suste nance and bl raiment were provided. All through tbe year we have been bearlnw of promise wbich were con ditional upon loyalty to God and obe dience to bi will. Today we see a fulfillment of tbe promise made over and over again that Israel should pos se tbe Promised Land. Dr. J. Wil bur Chapman asked Oen. William Booth for the secret of bis success In tbo Salvation Army and bl reply was, "God ba bad all there waa of me." ' Caleb' was) a vigorous, bappy old age; be Baa not wasted anxious thought on the morrow; be kept alive his Interest Id tbe ever-throbbing pre Jtt ICATIOII II Everybody Should Join in the Universal Farm Uplift. FARM METHODS ARE LACKING Farmer Can Easily Grow Twice Aver age of Staple Crop Many Great Industrial Corporation of Country Are Interested. i By O. It. ALPORD.) We have between the average and the best In farming in tbe cotton belt an attainable 1,000 per cent. This dif ference of 1,000 per cent, against the average farmer Is due wholly to con dition which he can easily control with the necessary knowledge. Every corporation and business man Interest ed In the welfare of the country should Join forces with the United States de partment of agriculture, agricultural colleges, experiment stations, state de partments of agriculture and other forces and conduct great educational campaigns until the foolish and crim inal waste that Is going on every year by reason of unscientific methods of farming is a thing of the past. Our farmer can grow easily twice the average yield of our staple crops. This increase would pour many mil lions of dollars annually into our Industrial channels. Such an addi tion could not be made without touch ing every corporation, every bunker, every storekeeper, every doctor, every lawyer, every editor and, in fact, every person In the country. Many of the great Industrial corpo rations of tbe country have already joined forces with nationul and state institutions and are helping tbe farm ers to larger production and to larger life, and are thereby contributing to the prosperity and uplift of the whole people. Some people may attribute this to pure selfishness, but from out of that selfishness will evolve a better condition among the farmers, greater comforts in living, and more luxuries of life and better opportunities for the farmers to educate their sons and r'aughters thus the presumed sclfish uess contains within it a resulting philanthropy. During the last ten years our acre yield increased, but not half as much as the Increase of population. There fore, there is every inducement to do good farming, and to do good farming we must decrease tbe number of the acres of cotton and increase the num ber devoted to pastures, forage crops and live stock. We have all heard the old Dutch proverb quoted before, but """; -du IU ------ - l,lo grass, no stock; no stock, no'tnanure; no manure, no crop." Holland is al most entirely a grass and stock coun try, and lands are worth on an aver age of $500 per acre. These people have found that they can make more out ot land from grasses and live stock than they can by cultivating it. Unnumbered acres of hill land in the cotton belt are making less thun one-third bale of cotton per acre, and at the same time making poverty for those tilling them. The cost of com mercial fertilizer applied annually is appalling. The razor-back terraces, covered with weeds, grass and briars, and the circled and short rows pre vent tbo use cf labor-saving imple ments. Millions of acres of poor hillside land now producing less thun one third balo of cotton per acre should be plowed deep, well fertilized with acid phosphate and some nitrogen and some potash, when needed, and plant ed In summer and winter legumes for. say, two years, and then sodded in Bermuda grass, lcspedeza. crimson and HOW PLANT FOOD CAN BE RETURNED TO SOIL f By Barnyard Manure. 2 By Growing and Feeding Clover, Alfalfa, Etc. 3 By Plowing Under Green Crops. 4 By Plowing Under Corn stalks, Stubble, Straw, Etc. 5 By Applying Commercial Fertilizers. burr clover. Only by this method and atock raising can our wornout, gullied cotton land be restored to fer tility and only In this way can tbe people ot our eouthlaud become pros perous' and contented. We have worn out our lands In the quickest possible time by growing cot ton and rigidly excluding grasses, clover and live stock. We hav de pleted tbe loll of vegetable matter and It haa washed away. This poor oil boss ns a poor people, and the poor Place for Mixing Feed. A good, tight, clean barn floor la a good place to mil the grain Intended for the cow, emptying first the light, bulky feeds, such a corn and cob meal or distillers' grains, spreading thy out live or six lucbn thick, pouring on th next lightest, etc. Tbeo begin at one edge, shovel tbe feed back luto a pile a couple of feet; to the right or left. Under ordi nary, condition, twice turning over and the final shoveling into tbe kin will afford a uniform mixing. HI SOUTHERN FARMS people mean bad read, oncomfor-' able home, poorly equipped farm, very little education, the credit sys tem, and all that retard civilisation. The last censu chow that our pop ulation Increased 21 per cent, in the preceding decade, while our meat- pro ducing animal decreased more than 10 per cent. We are facing a very erlou situation. The meat-producing animal must be grown on the farm. The farmer will not long continue to grow stock at a loss. The condition must be such that stock raising 1 profitable or the farmer will sooner or later go out of the business en tirely. Tbe cotton belt ha an overwhelm' Ing advantage over every other Mo tion In live stock raising. W have Farm Ownership and Tenantry. Percf mat ot Firms la th U. 9. OfwraMd by Owners or by Tenant. "Census 100." Cottoa D Tobacco EZ3 Sugar Hay and Grain Rice ' Vegetable Miscellaneous EZZZS3 Dairy Products EZZZZZZZ3 Live Stock Fruit " ' Flowers-Plant Nursery Prod EZLZ!LLZZZZ3 Classified by Source of Income. great climatic advantages that per mit outdoor pasturing and feeding dur ing the whole, or the greater part, of the year. We can obtain large yields of oats, leguminous crops, Johnson and Bermuda grasses, sorghum cane hay and an abundance of corn for making silage, the most economic form of carbohydrates. Tho keep ing of good cattle and the Intelli gent use of thoroughly good, perman ent pastures and grazing crops, and the economic use of the silo and cot tonseed meal will make our lands rich, keep millions of dollars at home that are now sent to tbe north and west, and make our people prosperous. The calamity howler says: "What about the lack of lime In the boII?" Dr. Talt Butler, probably tbe best-posted man on southern agriculture, says, in summing up a most excellent editorial on "Lime in Southern Feeds:" "We have shown: (1) That our soils are not deficient In lime as regards the plant food requirements of our crops; (2) that plants grown In the south have aa much ash as the same plants grown elsewhere, and that the feed crops of the south, especially the legumes peculiar to the south, contain as hlgh-i per cent.- of. ash oa. the J red-uVoJbf other sections; (3) that typical southern rations are those made up of typical southern feeds and contain more ash than typical north ern feeds. Tbe conclusion is, there fore, that while our animals fail to get the mineral matter they need, it is not because this material is de ficient in our feeds, but because our animals do not get sufficient of our feeds." In the cotton belt, live stock farm ing lias been avoided maiuly for two reasons: (1) Because all-cotton farm ing paid better until the soil became poor; (2 because of the cattle tick. Now. millions of acres are too poor to grow cotton profitably, and we can easily eradicate the cattle tick. Since the work of eradicating the tick was inaugurated, nearly 200,000 square miles have been cleaned for all time; this is an area over three times as TUrge as Alabama. The tick Injures the hide, reduces the milk flow at least ten per cent., make it very dif ficult to fatten cattle, prevents the in troduction of good cattle to breed up our native cattle, lowers the price of our cattlo on the markets and destroys more than enough cattle every year to pay for Its eradication. The Invasion of the boll weevil and the consequent reduction of the profits of cotton growing is forcing many farmer to grow crops which must o! necessity be marketed through the agency of live stock, and It is the func tion of live atock on tbe farm to fur nish a market for the crop that are grown, enabling the farmer to con vert grasses, forage crops, cow peas and soy beans, and so on, Into higher priced finished product and to return to the soil the plant food taken from it. The greatest need of tbe farmer of the cotton belt at present Is more grass and more live stock, and those who assist in eradicating the cattle tick and In otherwise helping to create condition that will enable farmer to grow two good animal In the place of one scrub -is surely aa great a benefactor aa those who cause two blade ot grass to grow where only one grew before. Live stock should certainly be given a prominent place In the agricultural development ot the cotton belt. Next to baviug good and intelligent people in a country, good live atock la probably of tbe tn'st importance. Avoid Cold. Look out that tbe young stock doe uot crowd in the roosting coop or hen bouse and overheat. If (hey crowd together and get too warm dur ing tbe night Ihey catch cold a soon a they are let out In tbe morning and their strength I reduced by tbe heating. Profit In Sheep. There la Just aa much profit, if not more, in raising sheep a 0 breeding cattle or twine. POIBLTW HKTS FOR BETTER POULTRY STOCK Keeping Bird Healthy and Improving Them Can Be Den by Adoption of Few Systematic Rule. In railing stock or poultry It should be the air of everyone to keep It healthy and Improve It. You can do It very easily by adopting systematic rule. These may ba summed up In brief a follow: Construct your house good and warm, o a to avoid damp floor and afford a flood of sunshine. Sunshine 1 better than medicine. Provide a dusting and scratching place where you can bury tbe grain and thus Induce th fowl to take the needful exercise. Provide yourself with aome good, healthy fowls, never to be over three year old, giving one cock to every 12 hen. Give plenty of fresh air at all times, especially in summer. Give plenty of fresh water daily, and never allow tbe fowls to go thirsty. Feed them ystematically two or three time a day. Scatter the food Bo they cannot eat it too fast or without proper exercise. Do not feed more than they will eat up cleun, or they will get tired of that kind of feed. Give them a variety of both dry and coked feed. A mixture of cooked meat and vegetable Is good for a morning meal. j Give soft feed In the morning and tbe whole grain at night, except a lit tle wheat and cracked corn placed In tbe scratching pens to give them ex ercise during the day. Above all things, keep the house clean and well ventilated. Do - not crowd too many into one house. If you do, look out for dis ease. Keep the house, nests, etc., sprayed with some good disinfectant, in or der to keep down the lice and mites. Wash your roosts and bottom of laying nests, and whitewash once a week in summer and once a week in winter. Let the old and young have as large a range as possible, the larger the bet ter. Do not bred too many kinds ot fowla at the same time. Better have one breed and understand it Introduce new blood into your stock every year or so, by either buying a cockerel or a setting of eggs from some reliable breeder. BROODER HOUSE VENTILATOR Devlee Invented by New Jersey a'.an Prevent the Delivery of Teo Strong Current of Air. The Scientific American, in de scribing a ventilator for brooder houses, the design of C. W. Brick or Crosswlck, N. J., say: This invention relates particularly to a means for ventilating brooder houses, and provides an Improved Ventilator for Brooder House. form of ventilator and In connection therewith, means for beating the air Induced by the ventilator; and to pro vide a safety valve exteriorly of tbe brooder bouse, whereby to prevent tbe delivery of too strong a current ot air thereto. Feed plenty of abarp aand or grit with the food. see Please the consumer and you can raise tbe price. see Systematic marketing will over come overproduction. N e e e Pekln duck do not make good It- tor use a chicken ben. S Good development before beginning to lay 1 bet for the pullet. see Duck must hav plenty of green food or tbey will not tbrlv. e Impure water will not produce many egg of any kind, and none that are good. e e Fewer and better bird, and all as much alike a possible should m very poultry keeper' motto. e Tou must know that a duck ha no crop. Tbe food must be soft be cause It pasaea directly Into the gin sard. e Pure whit exhibition birds will have their plumage made yellow by constant feeding of corn, though a little corn occasionally will da no harm.