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HIS FIRST NOT OBSERVED AS IN THE OLD DAYS St. Valentine Is Now Neglected, Compared to What Was Done . Some Two Centuries Ago. HE sending by mail of em bossed tokens of love or friendship is about all there is left of the ancient customs of St. Valentine's day. The windows and play counters of our book ' stores and bazars are filled at this season of the year with exam ples of art and near-art to an extent that should please every sort of taste in regard to valentines. There is a day or two of fun and merry chatter when the tokens are received, or of even more boisterous mirth if the valen tines are "comic;" "here and there a valentine party is given by the young people, then the celebrating ceases and is forgotten. Not so a couple of centuries ago. Then the festivities were much more in the 'character of observance and ceremonies. The origin of St. Valen tine's day is credited to different inci dents. One writer of ancient social customs says that it originated with Mme. Royale, daughter of Henry IV., of France. The lady, having built a splendid palace near Turin, desired to name it for some good saint, and final ly chose St. Valentine. Thus the ed ifice was called "The Valentine," and at the initial entertainment given in the great drawing rooms, Mme. Roy- ale conceived the idea of causing her guests to -pair off by means of a lot tery. Ladies Drew From Lot. The names of the men were writ ten on slips of paper and folded. The ladies then drew fromu the list, and whoever each one drew was to be her "valentine" for the space of one year. At the various balls which this gay- spirited young princess gave during the season it was understood that each lady should receive a bouquet from her chosen lover, and that at every tournament the trappings of a knight's horse should be furnished by his allot ted lady, with this provisio that the lady eventually receive whatever prize he might win. Mme. Royale, however, would not herself enter into thi3 lot tery, but reserved the privilege of choosing her "valentine" independent ly. Doubtless it is true that this lady did originate this costume at her pal ace in Turin, but it is also quite as true that this was not the real origin of St. Valentine's day, for it is alluded to by English poets before her time. Lydgate, a monk, who died in the year 1440, and who has been described as "the poet of his monastery," wrote a poem in praise of Queen Catherine, consort of Henry V., of England, in which he mentioned the observance of St. Valentine's day and the custom of "drawing lots." Indeed, this custom seems to have been a very ancient one, and contin ued to comparatively modern times. An equal number of young men and women would meet together on the eve St Valentine's day and hold a lot tery, in which the names of both men and-women were drawn; thus each maid and bachelor would have two "valentines," who were required to make mutual gifts. This, of course, occasioned any amount of mirth and Bome funny situations. , Other Superstitions. One superstition which held good until quite recent times was that the first young man or young woman one chanced to meet on the morning of Valentine's day would be one's valen tine. Other' superstitions included mystic rites, particularly in Scotland, which enabled maidens to learn who would be their future husbands. About the middle of the eighteenth century one young woman according to the historian of social customs of that time wrote as follows: "Last Friday was Valentine's day, and I'Jl tell you what I did the night before. I got five bay leaves, pinned four of them to the four corners of my pillow "and the fifth to the middle, for. If I dreamt ot my sweetheart, Betty , VALENTINE said we would be married before the year was out. But to make more sure, I boiled an egg hard, took out the yolk and filled the egg up with salt, and when I went to bed I ate 1L 6hell and all, without speaking or drinking after it, and this was also to have ef fect with the bay leaves. We also wrote our love names upon bits of pa per and rolled them tip in clay and put them into water, and the first that rose was to be our valentine. Would you think it?. Mr. Blossom was my man, and I lay abed and shut my eyes all the morning til he came to our house, for I would not have seen an other man before him for all- the world." . ' Children Chanted Songs. This quaint letter shows how the idea. of the powers of St. Vanentine were appreciated by the maidens of that time. It was customary in the olden times for maidens to hang their shoes outside the window on the eve of St. Vanentine's day in order that their love affairs should prosper, al though the explanation of this-belief is not given. Children also went about chanting songs about Valentine and collecting coins as their valentines. The valentine gifts of those days were sometimes very costly, including jewels, rings, brooches, sJken sashes, or belts with begemmed buckles, silk gloves with rich embroidery, and other expensive presents which a man might make to his "valentine." St Valentine's day wan alluded to by Shakespeare and Chaucer, and one of the earliest known writers of valen tines was Charles, duke of Orleans. Drayton, a poet of Shakespeare's time, also wrote charming verses along this theme. . What connection the martyred Bishop Valentine has to do with these cus toms, whose ruler seems to be Cupid, would puzzle the saint himself. The death of the good bishop, which oc curred in the third century, was a most cruel one. He was first beaten with clubs and then beheaded. Thus it seemf paradoxical that the com memoration of him should be observed in the gayest of fashions, and always in conjunction with the pranks of the little god of love. Many learned historians have given considerable time and investigation to the origin of the romantic observance of St. Valentine's day, but the secret is still a secret the real mystery is still unsolved. TWO VALENTINES t. I sent my love a valentine. And with it sent a kiss. It bore the message, "Be titou mine," And looked about like this: My love sent me a valentine, ". But oh, the saucy miesl Instead of saying, "I am thine It looked about like this: Many Customs of the Day. The making of ;paper valentines be gan In Germany quite a long time ago, but In many partis of the world peo ple . still weave couplets of flowers and wreaths of leaves for valentine. The Balkan States have many pretty and graceful customs, connected with the giving of flowers on St Valentine' day. , . - How to "Eat the Word of God By REV. JAMES M. GRAY. D D. Deu of Moody Bible Inrtitutc Qiicaao - TEXT "Thy words were found, and I did eat-them: and Thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of my heart." Jeremiah 16:16. . There is a great differen ce be t w e e n "finding" the word of God and "eating" it, and it is the man who eats it that gets the benefit out of it. Eating makes digestion and assimilation possible, and when these func tions are normal in their working, the result is health, and strength, and all the usefulness and joy of living. But eating comes first, and the eat ing that counts is that which has ta ken plenty of Jtime - for mastication. You must retain the food in your mouth, and get the full taste of it, and let it mingle well with the saliva, and chew, and chew, and chew,' until the least possible amount is left to swal low. The man who . does this has learned one of the great secrets of his physical being. He has learned how to keep well, and how to eat almost anything he likes without ill results. Keeping the food in the mouth is the key to it all. Something like this is true in the higher realm. Usefulness and joy. in the spiritual life depend on spiritual health and strength. But these in turn depend on the spiritual nourish ment one takes its kind, its quantity, its condition. The only nourishment for man's i soul is the word of God. "Desire the sincere milk of the word that ye may grow thereby,'' is the in spired exhortation (1 Peter 2:3), and the more you get of it the better, al ways provided that you can digest and assimilate it. Here comes the thought of eating again. Holding the wcrd in your mind is like holding the food in your mouth. That is how to get the full taste of it Prayer does in the one case what the saliva does in the other. Turning it round and round, thinking of it from this point of view and that, asking questions about it, taking it - to- your parents, your Sunday school teacher, your pastor, searching its meaning in a commentary, all these things corre spond to the chewing that makes good digestion and assimilation. , What I Got One Day. The other morning at family pray ers I read this verse in Proverbs 18: 10. "The name of the Lord is a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe." I at once fastened it correctly in my mind, and as 1 walked down-town to my office, I.kept "eating" it, turning it over and over, and get ting such a sweet taste out of it and such a sense of strength and spiritual satisfaction. '"The name of the Lord," " said I, "why that means the Lord himself! He is a strong tower." "And the 'strong tower?' In olden time that was a place of defanse and protection like our forts today." "The 'righteous runneth into it.' Who can the righte ous be, save those who are made righteous through receiving Christ by faith as their righteousness?" " 'Run neth,' there is the thought of haste because of pursuit by an enemy," and Paul's word came into rr? mind, "We wrestle not against fles.. and blood, but against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wicked ness in high places." '"Runneth into it and is safe. O, the security and peace of the believer who puts his trust in God!" ; But that was not all. Before the day was over I needed all the strength I got out of it. There were trials that day, the enemy was on my heels, and how glad I was to run, and to inow the place to run to and be safe What the Prophet Meant. , I think this Is what the prophet meant when he said : "Thy words were found, and I did eat them; and thy word was unto me the joy and rejoic ing of my heart." And this is why 1 urge every Christian to memorize a portion of the word of God every day. It gives' his soul something to feed upon, and the more he feeds upon, and digests and assimilates it, the greater is his spiritual strength, and joy. and power, and fruitfulness in the Lord. Let me illustrate this. :' The next day after my experience with Proverbs 15:10 I was at a prayer meeting, and being suddenly called upon to give a word Of exhortation, I had anv opportu nity to pass on that verse to three or four hundred other people. And to how many more will they pass it on? They were all bible students preparing for Christian work in the uttermost part of the earth. Can you compute the number of souls to whoin they may pass-it on in a lifetime, and who, in turn, may pass it on, and on and on while the age lasts!, And all because of that one little bite of truth I got that morning, and because I held it long enough to chew it well! Memo rize the bible if you want:tc be blessed and become a blessing. LACE-B0RDE5ED ; BRIDAL VEILS IN FAVOR TODAY BRIDAL veils of tulle are never out of fashion, but sometimes they share honors with veils of lace or net bordered, with lace. The liking for a cap drapery on the head has rather favored the lace-bordered veil, al though the tulle veil is draped cap fashion also. " Laco veils are not always long; those of a yard and a half, falling above the knees at the side are liked, especially when the gown is lace trimmed. The cap drapery admits of consid erable variety In arrangement. The frill, formed by lace edge, may be of even fullness all around and fall over the forehead, or it may be placed at each side and the frill turned back from the forehead, or it may be ar- Mf i ft vwr :v , y r ' $ : 1 1 " 4 A I I i I 1 $ 1 ' tv ranged at the top of the forehead, leaving the sides almost plain. The arrangement depends upon which way best becomes the bride. In the picture the fulness appears at the side, with the border turned back over the forehead. The crown, or puff, which results from making the frill about the face, falls back. If it is more becoming, the cap portion may be supported by small wire loops at the front, and made to stand. One of the prettiest arrangements shows the frill of even fulness all around and tacked to a circlet of white, silk covered wire, to hold it in place. This wire circlet is placed on )Y way of departing from the close- D to-the-head hairdress some of our modern goddesses have dared to com bine the old classic Psyche knot with a strictly twentieth centuTy arrange ment of the front hair. An example is pictured -here, and the effect is rather pretty It is better from the front than from the sides, because in the modern hair dress the brow is more or less covered. The line is not so good, therefore, as in the classic model. , , .' . The Greeks covered the ears (or most of them), but did not bring the hair out over the cheek as in the pres ent mode. A prominent actress, who gives much thought to dress, is respon sible for this mixture of styles. Many centuries apart, the ideas are not too Incongruous, and the resulting coiffure has found a number of devotees. i The arrangement is simple enough. The front hair is trimmed in a light fringe across the forehead, and slop in g upward over the temples. The side hair is parted off and rolled into a soft twist: It is laid in a coil in front of the ear and pinned to place with short wire pins. The end is twist ed and brought to tte - knot, under Psyche Knot in a Modern Coiffure j the outside of the cap. but. is hidden by a close set wreath of orange blos soms and buds, one flower set just aft er another In a single row. This ar rangement brings the veil into the nape of the neck.. . Some families possess wedding veils of beautiful lace, and such a veil must grow dearer with added associations as time goes on. The wedding veil of lace should be kept and, whether the fashion be for long or short veils, worn by the1 brides in the family. Wedding dresses and veils are always to be conservative in design, abiding by established rules and a little above the whims of fashion. That is, the regulation gown has long sleeves, the neck is covered, and the gown Is cut in the Princess style. Round necks are admissible, but not low necks. Lace sleeves, and long gloves also. It is the business of the designer or dressmaker to bear in mind the estab lished order of things in" making wed ding apparel and to add little present day touches to the plain long lines of the regulation gown. The cap drapery of the veil is most popular just now, because caps of all sorts are jgreatly favored. It is best to arrange it on a circlet of wire be cause it will stay in place on the head and not become easily disarranged. JULIA BOTTOM LEY. Cameos in Favor. Though the idea of using cameos as brooches and buckles for modern at tire came to the fore some little while ago, the fashion is still very much in evidence, all sorts of cameos being in request for hat trimmings and blouse buckles. Many people, having hunted up their old ones, relics of a past gen eration, are having them reset in fine gold or silver mountings of a much lighter pattern than the rather clumsy originals. Even earrings are made of very small cameos, mounted on thin gold chains, and very pretty they are, the delicate pink and white tintings looking exceedingly well for day wear. with costumes of the new dull cop per or tango red. Velvet Novelty. There is a new cloth called peau de tigre or leopard skin velvet. It is silk velvet in light chiffon weight. There is a moire and mottled surface to it and although it is one colored, this mottled effect makes it appear to be in two shades, like the skin of a leop ard or tiger. It is manufactured in plum, dark blue, golden brown, tobac co brown, taupe, white and sapphire. Handy Skirt Hanger. Sew the upper end of a discarded hose supporter to a two-inch-length of ribbon. At the other end of the rib bon sew a large, strong safety pin. The safety pin fastens through the folded skirt belt, and the hose sup porter slips over the hook in the clos et A supply .of .these hangers made with pretty blue or pink ribbon would be a nice gift for a girl friend. which it Is concealed. All the back hair is combed bac and tied at the back below the crown. It is pulled out to lie loosely at the top pf the head and nape of the neck: The hair is then rolled loosely, coiled in : a small coil and pinned with a few wire pins. The center of the coil is pulled out into the projecting knot, as shown in the picture, and addi tional pins placed to hold it firmly. The new coiffures are still in the ex perimental stage. The high hairdress and the colonial styles are bidding for popular favor. We know that changes are coming because . new millinery makes them necessary. We may be fairly certain that high styles will be worn, and' parfectly certain ttat coif fures are not to be as plain as they have been.' But no one mode has seized the popular fancy as yet. There fore actresses and ethers are free to experiment and mix up the styles of Egypt with those of the Moqui Indiana if they wish, at their own sweet wilL No centuries or peoples are too remote to be without the pale of our interest when it comes to getting ideas for new styles. ' t- 1 . j JULIA BOTTOML6Y. (Conducted by the National Woman' Christian Temperance Union.) WANTED, BOYS! Walking down the streets of our cities and towns and viewing the ex pensive window fixtures of the saloons, I can see as plain as the sign over the door, the word, "WANTED." Yes, wanted 11,000,000, the saloon keeper says. It makes no difference how I get it, but I must have it. I pay a big revenue to our grand old gov ernment to be protected and it must protect me. I pay a big license to the city, and in return it must furnish me material for my business. It must and will furnish boys. I can no more run my business without boys than a saw mill can run without logs. Wanted. $1,000,000. and to get this amount of money 100,000 boys must be sacrificed. What kind of boys are wanted? The boys who have made a failure at everything they have under taken? No, the boys of worth and of high birth and good parentage. Most desired is the boy whose parents have faced the .financial difficulties of life and started the boy out well equipped. It makes no difference how his mother worked and contrived; it makes no dif ference how his father toiled in both heat and cold, all the liquor trade wants is to get the boy started down the toboggan slide of life and strip him of money, honor and virtue before he realizes his true condition. Mrs. Cora Wright in Union Signal. RED RUM MURDER. A barrel of whisky contains some thing more than an ordinary barrel of the same size; for, in addition to the regulation forty-two gallons, it contains: A barrel of headaches, of heartaches, ot woes; A barrel ot curses, a barrel of blows: A barrel of tears of a world-weary wife; A barrel of sorrow, a barrel or strife: A barrel of kll-unavailine reexet: A barrel of cares and a barrel of debt: A barrel of hunger, of poison, of pain: A barrel of hopes ever blasted and vain; A barrel of falsehood, a barrel of crieis That fall from the maniac's lips as he dies ; A barrel of poverty, ruin and blight ; A barrel of terror that grows with the night. A barrel of crimes and a barrel (' groans; A barrel of orphans' most pitiful moans; A barrel of serpents that hiss as they pass From the head of the liquor thut glows in the glass. Beware, all men of the glass! A FAILURE IF. A judge of Knoxville, Tenn.. when &sk?d if prohibition had failed In that city, Answered: "If larger and more regular attendance at Sunday school, preaching and other services in our churches; if a larger and more regular attendance at schools, by better-shod, belter-clad children; if $-10.-000 more for increased room, better equipment and better-paid teachers: if sixty per cent, decrease in arrt-st h for drunkenness and kindred crimes, if a decrease even greater in the per cent, of murder and all grades of criine; if $J,000.000 spent for neces saries is less helpful than the tam" assort spent for liquor if these things Indicate failure, then prohibi tion has failed in Knoxville." GP.EAT CRISIS. Health boards, arrned with police authority, eradicate the carriers of typhoid and quarantine the victims', but alcohol, a thousand times more destructive to public health than ty phoid fever, continues to destroy. Al coholic degeneracy is the most im portant sanitary question before the country, yet health authorities do r.ot trenched in" politics. We are face to face with the greatest crisis in out country's history. The alcohol ques tion must be settled within the next ten years or some more virile nation will write the epitaph of this republic. Dr. T. Alexander MacNicholI. OUR VITAL ASSETS. Taking the estimate of the money value to society of the average human life as $2,900, Dr.. David Starr Jordan reckons our "vital assets" at approxi mately -two hundred and fifty billion dollars ($250,000,000,000)., The phys ical wealth of the United States he places at one hundred and ten billion dollars ($11 0,000,000,000). Speaking of the attention given to the preserva tion of ibis physical wealth, ha in sists that "even the most arrant materialisi must admit that the con servation of forests or the eradica tion of disease among cattle and hogs is not to be compared in ' im portance with the conservation of "hn man life." .. - , ' - - ' -, ": SALOON A MURDER MILL. In 1909, Jefferson county, Alabama.. In which is located the City of Birm ingham, was without saloons! ' That year the county had 130 murders. In 1910 city and county were still under Prohibition and the number -of mur ders was 138., f In 1911 the city, and county were without saloons for nine months, had saloons the last three months, and the jiumber of murders, for the year was eighty-eight. In, 1912, the first full year with reopened sa loons, the number of murdara In Birrn ! tsogham and Jefferson county was 306.