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Kentucky Irish American. (Louisville, Ky.) 1898-1968, December 10, 1898, Image 1

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Kentucky Irish American.
Wns Ireland "When She Had
Her Own Pnrllnmeiit in
Dublin City.
Lost Meeting: of the Irish Vol
unteer Convention in the
Year 1783.
Lord Cliarlemont Responsible
For the Doublo Triumph
of England.
"Grottan's Volunteers," we are used
to callimr them, but though Grattan and
Flood were the leading spirits of that
grand movement that secured an inde
pendent Parliament for Ireland, it was
Lord Charlemont, their Commander-in-Chief,
who dissolved them suddenly in
the hour of their greatest promise, on
December 1, 1783.
"Let us imagine," writes the historian
Thomas Mooney, "the Repeal Associa
tion of Ireland suddenly dissolved by
Daniel O'Connell or Smith O'Brien, and
we will then have an idea of the nature
of this extraordinary deed." We all
know how the Volunteers owed their
birth and maturity to the American War
for Independence; how, when they felt
themselves strong enough they de
manded and got of the British Parlia
ment the right to have the laws for Ire
laud made in an Irish Parliament in Col
lege Green; how the establishment of
that Irish Parliament was followed by
the most unexampled national prosper
ity which the annals of any nation or
any time can exhibit.
Ireland's agriculture, fisheries, mines,
manufactures all sources of national
employment were fostered and protected
by the home parliament; canals made,
rivers rendered navigable, ships built.
Tradesmen from England, Scotland and
France came to Ireland for employment,
and there was no immigration of Irish
workmen seeking employment.
Rut the Volunteers, who were the orig
inators of that Parliament, were also its
constituted guardians. They early saw
'it was one.thing to have an independent
dependent. The peopleWre riot properly
represented in it to insure- lis saieiy.
Of the 300 members only sixty-four rep
resented counties. A few lords and
wealthy commoners owned the big tna
jrity of the seats, and there was no
surety that the British Government could
not buy these when it suited it to try,
and, worst of all, Catholics had none of
the seats. No Catholic could sit in
Parliament no Catholic could even
So Parliamentary reform came to be
the one topic of interest, and a grand
meeting of the Irish Volunteers from all
parts of Ireland was called to assemble
in Dublin on the 10th of November, 1783.
to discuss and frame necessary measures
of reform looking to the equal repre
sentation of all the people of Ireland in
their own Parliament. Henry Flood was
the leading spirit of this move for re
form. Grattan was not sure of the need
of casting any suspicion on the integrity
of the Irish Parliament or England's sin
cerity in granting it. His confidence in
the honesty of British promises was the
cause at that time of an open rupture
with Henrv Flood, which was never
November 10 saw a most imposing
demonstration, as the delegates from
everv volunteer company in Ireland as
sembled in the Rotunda. The state of
affairs in Ireland was then seriously felt
by the English Cabinet it became
alarmed. Ireland now stood in a high
station. No longer (in the language of
Gibbon) a remote and obscure island, she
formed a new feature on Uie lace ot ton
The firing of twenty-one guns an
tiounccd the first movement of the dele
rates marching to the Rotunda. The con
vention assembled, and among the first
of the plans for reform presented for
consideration was the right of Catholics
(hitherto excluded) to sit in the Irish
Parliament. The Bishop ol Derry cuam
pioned the Catholic plea, but to no pur
pose. It was entirely out of the question
to admit Catholics. Then Flood set to
work energetically to frame a bill that
would open the seats to Protestant forty
shilling freeholders (only the aristocracy
were heretofore eligible) unseat Gov-
eminent pensioners prevent persons
jjuilty of briber' having a seat, and lim
iting the duration of Parliament to three
years. "s
A sadly one-sided bill it was, in that
it excluded Catholics, but still it was a
great measure of reform, and one that
promised growth in the riglit direction,
even to embracing the Catliolics in time,
Flood was authorized by the majority of
the convention to present this bill to the
" Irish Parliament, of which he was a
member. Parliament was sitting in Col
lege Green, while the convention had
been in session day after day in the Ro
tunda. While the convention was in session
the Bishop of Deny, a delegate from his
own district, came in an open carriage
drawn by six white horses, richly decked,
with a retinue of carriages and cavalry,
and trumpeter ahead of hint. Passing
the Irish Parliament House then in ses
sion he stopped his retinue and ordered
a volley to be fired in salute, and then
went on to the Rotunda, amid the cries
of the people, "Long live the Bishop!"
for his desire for the equal rights and lib
erties of the Irish people was sincere and
well known. This departure of the Bishop
caused the Government much alarm and
much uneasiness to Lord Charlemont?
who saw that the Presidency of the con
vention was of vital importance to the
country and the master kev of his own
importance. He had his little, as well as
his great feelings, and both were set into
action by this dilemma.
Charlemont knew full well that if the
prelate were at the head of the conven
tion he would lose all weight with the
government and all influence with the
people. His friends, therefore, anticipat
ed every means to insure his nomination
to the Presidency. This was the very
step the government desired; Charlemont
could be managed. He involuntarily be
came the tool of the Government, whilst
he fancied he was laboring in the service
of the people.
From this moment the neutralizing sys
tem by which its President wished to
conduct that assembly became obvious.
Everybody might foresee that not only
the convenion, but perhaps the volun
teer association, were likely to droop.
It was artfully insinuated to Charle
mont by the friends of the Government
that the peace of the country was consid
ered to be in his hands; that he had ac
cepted a situation of the most responsi
ble nature, and that if he did not pos
sess sufficient influence to curkthe con
vention he ought at once to resign the
trust, and thereby give the Parliament
ground of requiring the immediate disso
lution of its ituconstitutonal rival.
He adopted the suggestions of the cour
tiers, and was led blindly to that decep
tions course. In fine, he lost himself; he
sacrificed his country, and determined on
a line of proceeding entirely unworthy of
his former conduct; if he could not gov
ern, he resolved to temporize, divide,
neutralize nnd dissolve the assembly.
This fatal system was eventually suc
cessful, and Charlemont effected the dis
solution of that body, whose confidence
had raised him to so glorious an emi
nence, by which the English Government
now foresaw the possibility of recaptur
ing Irish independence.
The proceedings of the convention were
carried on for some time with the utmost
regularity. Flood presented his reform
bill in Parliament on November 12, and
a storm followed, which an eye-witness
described as terrific. The Attorney
General of Ireland, a Mr. Yelverton,
jumped to his feet and declared that a
parliamentary body wanted no orders ou
the DOHlt Of tllC bavOIM-'Tfmii n iilTifrnrv
quarreled with Flood on the need of such
a bill, supported it when presented, but,
after hot debates for and against it, it
was rejected by a vote of 148 to 59. The
debate and the voting consumed all Sat
urday, the 30th.
One hundred aud thirty-eight of the
majority were placemen, and the very
persons on whom the reform were in
tended to operate. "It is remarkable,"
says Sir Jonah Harrington, "that it was
13S placemen that rejected the reform bill
of 1783, aud that it was the same number
of placemen who carried the Union bill
of 1800, which, if the reform had suc
ceeded, never could have been passed.
Upon this very decision ultimately de
pended the existence of Irish independ
ence. By this fatal dilemma resistance or dis
solution remained to the convention. The
leaders of that lxxly determined that a
day or two should be taken on the best
course of -proceeding. But Charlemont
dreaded the consequence of discussion,
aud decided rather to betray his trust
and dissolve the convention. Thus he
began to extinguish that institution to
which he owed his celebrity and to para
lyze that popular spirit to which alone
Ireland was indebted for its constitution
and independence.
Sunday was passed between his inde
cision and his timidity. In his weak
mind pride and patriotism were ranged
on the one side, but imbecility aud a
sense of incapacity to meet tlic crisis
blinded him to the nature of that insid
ious conduct. He had n meeting of his
friends, most of whom had the same feel
ings as himself, and decided upon a dia
bolical course.
On Monday morning he repaired to the
rotunda before the usual hour, of sitting,
None but his own immediate partisans
were aware of his intention. The meet
ing was expected to be most important,
and the delegates had no suspicion of His
Lordship's early attendance.
On his taking the chair a delegate im
mediately arose to ask a question.
Charlemont became alarmed ; a protracted
statement might give time for the ar
rival of delegates, when nil his objects
would surely be frustrated, He at once
took a step which had scarcely a parallel
for duplicity, and which, though of the
shallowest nature, proved the most effect
He instantly silenced the member as
being out of order, on the ground that
one house of Parliament never could
take notice of what passed in another,
nnd that the convention had adopted the
rules and orders of Parliament. Thus -by
collecting every ray of feebleness and ab
surdity into one focus he prevented any
continuance of the subject, aud whilst he
declared the convention a House of Par
liament, resolved to terminate its exist
euce. After some conversation a farewell ad
dress was rapidly jiassed to His Majesty,
and Charlemont boldly adjourned the
convention sine die. The, rotunda was
quickly vacated, and when the residue of
the delegates came to take their places
they found thedoor closed, the chair-
Jubilee In Honor of the Legion
"Will Mark an Era In the
City's History.
Itcgular Army OfUecrs to Aid in
Making the Occasion a
Military Success.
Itoutc of Parade and Position of
the Organizations That
"Will March.
The welcome to be tendered to the
Louisville Legion on its return will mark
nu era in the history of this city. The
farewell that was given the boys on their
departure will pale into insignificance
when contrasted with the reception that
has been arranged for. The jubilee will
last three days, beginning on Monday
nnd ending on Wednesday evening.
Now that the men are so near home
the interest is more intense, nnd all
Louisville will turn out to do honor to
her troops. Flags will fly from many
houses in Louisville during the jubilee.
The decorations and illuminations will
be the most brilliant ever attempted here.
The triumphal arch will be ready by to
night, when -180 lights will blaze on it.
The arch will be topped with a huge
golden eagle, and the court-house, jail and
all public buildings are to be profusely
decorated. Many firms are arranging
for electrical displays. It is the request
ot the committee that all business houses
show the stars aud stripes.
The ladies in chnrge of the dinner to
be given to the soldiers have completed
the final details. It will be served in the
Bamberger Bloom building, and it will
be a most happy occasion. It has been
learned that the soldiers will be fed by
the Government during their stay in the
service here, and the dainties to be given
by the ladies will break the monotony of
the army diet. The dinner will be fit
for kings, and there will be plenty of
music. The ladies have worked unsel
fishly and nobly for the success of this
part of the undertaking,..
One of the pleasant features of the cel-
young lauy pupns oi ine I'cmaie Mign
School, who will take part in the exer
cises to be held in the Auditorium. The
girls, to the number of at least 350, will
sing at the reception. Their programme
will include the rendition of several
pieces dedicated to the soldier boys, and
several of our best soloists will assist
The arrangements for the great parade
have been practically determined upon,
although there may be some slight
changes and additions to the ranks of
those already announced as in readiness
to join the marching column. There
will be at least seven bands of music, and
each detachment mil be met with a band
upon its arrival. The latest announced
make-up of the parade is as follows:
Mounted police.
Band and Drum Corps.
Marshal and aides,
invited guests in carriages.
Police walking.
G. A. R.
Knights of Pythias.
Junior and Senior Order of American
Kentucky Military Institute Cadets.
High School Cadets.
Knights of Honor.
Red Men.
Knights of St. John.
Young Men's Institute.
Legion Veterans.
Legion. -Fire
While the Hibernian Knights are not
assigned in the foregoing they will un
doubtedly occupy a prominent place in
the parade, as Company A was probably
the first body that volunteered to turn
out to honor the Legion. They will ap
pear in full dress uniform. Members of
the various divisions who can do so will
meet at Hibernian Hall on Tuesday
morning, where they will form in line
for the parade.
It has been determined to have the pa
rade form nt First and Broadway, the Le
gion being on the north side of Broad
way, with its right resting on First street
The route will be in First to Main, down
Main to Eighth, out Eighth to Market,
up Market to Fourth, m Fourth to Jef
ferson, down Jefferson to Eighth, where
the parade will disband. The streets
will be roped from Third and Main
nround to Seventh and Jefferson.
n was aiso ucciaeu mat, inasmucli as
the Legion was to be welcomed, it
should have the position of honor in
passing ine reviewing stand, n was
therefore determined that the head of
the parade should not go any farther
) than Fourth and Jefferson streets, where
I the different bodies should sten aside
and allow the Legion to pass to the I
i front, when nil the other bodies would
' fall in in order. After the reviewing
stand is passed the Legion will
; ranks and allow the other marching
bodies to pass in ordJr, and will again
fall in atjlie rear until Eighth street is 'gifts to buyers of our teas aud coffees,
reached, where the whole parade will', It la customary nowaday to give
The committee having the matter in
charge have announced that rrrinf
will be provided for -derails of the Le
gion in the Mexican war. The Legion
veterans will have In the parade flags
and banners won in drill contests, a
drum used by the regiment in the Mexi
can war, and their flag now almost in
tatters that was presented to the Legion
by Miss Sallie Ward nnd carried Jn Mex
ico, and which was floated over the
victory at Monterey, j
Many of the most prominent citizens of
Louisville, including- the Mayor, judges
and ex-judges, bankers, lawyers, doctors
and business men generally were mem
bers of the Legion, and all are urged and
expected to join in lie parade and thus
extend a merited courtesy to the boys on
their home-coming from war, and demon
strate home appreciajion of the services
they have rendered to the State and
country. It is desired and designed to
make this parade an event in Louisville
history. J
At the meeting to be held at the
Auditorium the first speaker will be ex
Governor Simon B.jBuckner, who will
welcome the First Kentucky on behalf of
the State. He will lie followed by Mayor
Charles P. Weaver, whose address will
be a welcome to Louisville. The follow
ing other speakers (have been chosen:
Bisliop Thomas U. Dudley, Hon. Henry
Wntterson and Hoiil Edward J. McDer
the Memory of the
trlous Patriots of the
Last biinday evening
in the Grand
Opera House, Boston Division 3 cele
brated in a most patriotic manner the
memory of the illustrious patriots of '98,
who in that perilous 'period of Ireland's
sad history sacrificed their lives to right
the wrongs of the oppressed fellow-countrymen.
The celebration took the form
of a concert and lecture illustrated in
thrilling scenes, the orator of the occa
sion being the well-known lecturer, W. J.
Walshe. The officers of this popular
division succeeded 'jih their efforts to
make the event a memorable one in the
history of the organization, over 1,000
persons being present. The exercises
opened with an ode commemorative of
the noble principlesifor which Lord Ed
ward, Tone, Enitney and McCracken so
unselfishly paid tilt penalty of death.
The tragic theme eyerdear to the exiled
Celt as well as toovers of freedom of
every land could jssAfail to be most in
tefyttrfg7iptcialwa the close of this
1-a.f Tlio TronniiTubrunf terror prue-
insignificance when compared to the
atrocities practiced on the helpless Irish
people only one century ago. The speak
er of the evening wns eminently fitted to
handle the subject with the force and
power which the portrayal of the varied
and daring episodes in the lives of those
famous heroes require. The net proceeds
were devoted to the sick and death
They Will Meet and Entertain
Their Friends Thurs
day Evening.
Division 1 of the Ancient Order of Hi
bernians of Jeffersonville, one of the
most progressive divisions in Indiana, is
making preparations for the annual jubi
lee of its friends and members, which
takes place Thursday evening next. It
has been the custom of the division for
years past to tender a reception to its
members and friends nt the meeting pre
ceding Christmas, and the committee in
charge of this one will endeavor to sur
pass all previous affairs. Division 1 has
a good membership, on its rolls being the
names of nearly all the leading Irishmen
of that city, among whom are Messrs.
Bainev Coll, John Doherty, President
Reilly, John Kenuey, Madden, Breen
and others. An interesting programme
will be arranged and nn enjoyable even
ing assured those who attend.
Through these columns an invitation
is extended to members of the Louisville
and New Albany divisions to visit their
Jeffersonville brethren on that evening.
Besides those from Louisville and New
Albany there will be an attendance of at
least 200 from Jeffersonville.
The last meeting of No. 1 was a most
interesting one, at which the Kentucky
Irish American received a most hearty
welcome. The indications are that there
will be a large increase in the member
ship. '
When you nre out taking in the sights
aud attractive features of the city it will
be of interest to you to stop in at Mr,
John M. Mulloy's coffee-roasting estab
lishment, 545 Fourth avenue, and see the
handsome display of useful and orim
mental presents which he is giving away
to his many customers.
These articles consist of beautiful
lamps, vases, cuspidors, jardiniers, sta -
tionery, china and glassware, toys, etc.,
which have been selected by Mr. Mulloy
with his usual good taste, and are sure to
please the most fastidious.
We asked him if he was not making a
iew departure in
1 ncss. So complet
the chlnaware busl-
pletc did this line appear
to us, but were answered in the negative
by him saying: "We do not sell any of
' this ware. It is all intended intended for
premiums and presents with purchases,
and 'we always 'hold up onr end' keep
un with the nroceaMon. so to sneak."
Kev. Brother Stephen Today
Celebrating His Fiftieth
Year of Service.
lias Educated Many of Louis
ville's Most Successful Bus
iness Men.
The Services "Will Be Attended
by Many Clergymen and
Today will usher in the golden festival
of one of the pioneers of the Congrega
tion of the Xavcriau Brothers, the Rev.
Brother Stephen.
Brother Stephen was born in Atten-
dorn, Westfalia, Prussia, April 25, 1820.
He entered the Congregation of Xnveri-
nns in 1848. The order was then in its
incipiency, having been founded but nine
years before by Theodore James Ryken.
Pope Gregory XVL approved the Con
gregation, and a novitiate was opened m
Bruges, Belgium, June !", 1839. St. Fran
cis Xavier, Uie great apostle of the In
dies, was chosen patron, and the name
Xavenans was given to the Congrega
tion. In 1848 the number of members
had increased sufficiently to open a branch
of the order in England. Success at
tended this mission, and the Brothers
now conduct a number of educational
establishments in that country.
The Congregation was introduced into
the United States in 1834 by Archbishop
Spalding, then Bishop of Louisville.
Visiting Europe in that year, he heard
of the new Congregation and applied for
Brothers to conduct schools m his dio
cese, bix lirotliers were appointed to
form the beginning of the American
province. I ney arrived in Louisville in
1854, nnd were given the direction of St.
Patrick's and St. Mary's parochial
schools. Two years later Brother Stephen
arrived. His first appointment was to
St. Patrick's school. lie was engaged in
teaching there for three years, when he
was transferred to St. Mary's school.
Here he remained till 1875, a period of
seventeen years. After Bishop Spalding
DCV.UICU U1C acivi. ui wig jiuujcio iui
the management of a protectory for boys,
which he had founded in Baltimore.
Brother Stephen entered into this work.
Under the care of the Brothers this es
tablishment has become one of the lead,
ing institutions of its kind in this coun
try, and affords shelter and education to
five huudred boys. Brother Stephen re
turned to Louisville in 1880. After his
return he wns engaged in teaching in
St. Mary's, and later in St. Xavier's In
stitute, now St. Xavier's College. He
was afterward appointed Vice President
of this institution, a position which he
still holds.
Brother Stephen is a man of invincible
energy and untiring zeal. Having made
the offering of his life on the altar of
charity, he considered no sacrifice too
great if by it God's honor or the honor
of his Congregation could be promoted.
Every honor is due to him and to those
other pioneers of the Xaverians. three of
whom, besides the reverend jubilanan,
are still living in this country the Rev.
Brother Alexius, Provincial of the Amer
ican province; Rev. Brother Stanislaus,
Superior of St. Xavier's community of
this city, and Rev. Brother Martin, of
the same community. The Congrega
tion, of which they may be justly styled
"foundation stones," has taken rank
among the great teaching orders of their
church. They conduct educational in
stitutions in Baltimore, Md.; East Bos
ton, Somerville, Worcester, Lowell,
Lawrence, Danvers, Mass.; Richmond,
Portsmouth. Norfolk. Old Point Com
fort, Va., and Wheeling, W. Va.
Rev. Brother Stephen's name in the
world is Adolph Sommers, but it has
been so many years since he was ad
dressed by that name that it has been
almost forgotten. In 1809 Brother Ste
phen was sent to Europe as the Ameri
can representative of the first general
council of the congregation. This is the
only time he has left America. He has
never desired any high position in the
order, always being- the same humble,
pious", laborious man that he now is. He
is honored and revered by all who know
him for his many kindly traits of char
The jubilee exercises of to-day will
commence with solemn high mass
which will be celebrated in the college
chapel nt 8:30 o'clock. The following
clergy will officiate: Rev. E. M. Bach-
mann, celebrant; Rev. A J. Thome
deacon; Rev. George A. Weiss, sub-deacon:
Rev. George W. Schumann, master
i of ceremonies.
Rev. P. M. J. Rock will
j deliver the sermon on the
: The reverend gentleman is
one ot tue
i most eloquent and happy speakers in tlie
diocese, nnd Ins sermon tins morning
will be highly appreciated by his hearers'.
Breakfast will be served to. the clergy in
the dining hall of the college. A largej
number of the clergy and friends of the
reverend jubilarian are expected to be i
present at the exercises. j
There is scarcely a profession or bust-
ness In this city which dees not contain
Graduates of St. Xavier's College wuo
were at one time or another under the
tuition ol Bwrther Stephen, and they will
no QouDl use aavaniase oi uui occasion
to show their appreciation. of his efforts
in their behnlf.
Monday, Dec. 12, the students of St.
Xavier's will give their Vice President
a reception. A literary and musical pro
gramme has been prepared for the occa
sion. An account of the reception will
be given in the next issue of the Ken
tucky Irish American.
Division 6 Entertained a Jolly
Crowd at Its Social Tues
day Evening.
The monthly social of Young Men's
Division was held at the Hibernian Hall
last Tuesday night nnd was an exceed
ingly enjoyable affair.
Division C has given many of these
dnnces, and by strict attention to every
detail the committees having them in
charge have reached a great degree of
perfection in their work. This fact was
fully demonstrated last Tuesday evening,
for from the time that Music Director E.
P. Holley gave the signal to start until
the musicians were softly playing
"Home, Sweet Home," the fun, pleasure
and enjoyment did not cease for an in
stant. Seibert's First Regimental Band
furnished music, which fact guarantees
the excellence of that part of the pro
gramme. The hall, now especially beau
tiful with magnificent art paintings, gen
erously strung about the walls, was in
itself enough to delight the most critical
observer of interior ornamentation. The
grand piano, also a recent addition to the
hall, through the efforts of the Ladies'
Auxiliary, served as a means of display
ing the musical ability of many of the
ladies present.
Swiftly the happy hours glided by, as
the gay and merry couples tripped the
light fantastic over the finely polished
floor, and when ntlast it was time to stop
everywhere was heard compliments nnd
approvals for the excellent enjoyment
nfforded by the Young Men's Division.
The entertainment committees of Divi
sion 0, consisting of E. P. Holley, J. P.
Casey and M. J. McTighe, did yeoman
service in making the social n success.
Annual Election of Officers
Held The Legion Was
The last meeting of Trinity Council
was largely attended, the club-house be-
tion of officers for the ensuing year was
to take place. This council numbers
about 300 members, and when the ballots
were c junted the following were declared
President James B. Kelly.
First Vice President Thos. J. Garvey.
Second Vice President Win. N. Gast.
Recording Secretary J. Geo. Barrett.
Financial Secretary Joseph S. Pea7za.
Corresponding Secretary A. II. Hti-
Treasurer Adam G. Schneider.
Mnrshal Martin Able.
Inside Sentinel Charles Able.
Outside Sentinel Pat Byron.
Executive Committee David O'Con
nell, John M. Henuessy, Harry Kirch-
dorfer, Clem Ellert, Frank Ackermnu.
J. G. Barrett, who was elected Record
ing Secretary, has been with the Legion
in Porto Rico, but will assume the office
upon his return home with the soldiers.
A handsome chair for President James
Kelly was presented to the council by
the Ladies' Auxiliary.
The council is to be congratulated on
the selection of Thomas J. Garvey as
Vice President. He is one of its most
energetic and up-to-date members.
Messro. John V. Hogan, M. J. Palmer
and John Stuckenborg were reported to
the members as on the sick list. It has
been announced that the next meeting
will be an important one.
The New Mammoth Clothing
and Shoe Company
Forced to Assign.
The surprise of the week in business
circles was the assignment late Monday
evening of the New Mammoth Clothing
and Shoe Company, which wns regarded
as among the strongest firms in the city
The failure is due principally to two
causes, a depression In the clothing busl
nessjand the heavy expense to which the
company was subject. For several
months past the firm Is reported to have
been in financial straits, bnt it was not
thought that they were of such a nature
as to cause the big concern to go to the
wall. It was expected that the fall and
winter trade would extricate the com
pany from its perilous condition, but the
sales -were not as large as it was thought
thev would be. Eastern creditors last
week began pressing their claims, aud
the step was taken in order to protect
equally all who held bills. The Mam
moth Company has been one of the most
enterprising and liberal houses doing
business in Louisville, and the hope
general that the company may be able
to pull out even and continue in business.
A little leniency on the part of the East
ern parties would undoubtedly have ena
bled the company to avoid making the
Those of our'resders who have changed
their place of residence during the past'
, month are requested to notify Mr. C, K
citron, publisher of the city- directory
that their correct address may be rim
Unless the United States Takes
Control There Will Be an
Exodus from Havana.
Joe Gunninhani Declares the
Spanish Women Dreams
of Loveliness.
The Itcmains of Christopher
Columbus Still Guarded
hy Soldiers.
Editor Kentucky Irish American:
Havana, Cuba, Nov. 27. I promised
that I would write you from this island
many letters descriptive of the place, but
time is lacking, though according to na
ture we should have an abundance of
this blessed gift, for here above any
other spot in creation plenty of spare
moments is the one thing necessary. I
have been here only seven weeks, but in
that short period I have seen our Colonel
and two of our companions laid low in
death by the monster which we all dread
yellow fever. Whoever started the
Impression that Havana is a health resort
ought to be taken out and bumped
death resort would be a more plausible
term. I do not doubt that this part of
the island was at one time a very desira
ble place to live in, but the ravages of
war have left their terrible impress in the
neglected fields, streets filled with the
nbomination of dirt and decaying matter,
impoverished families, and so on ad in
finitum. The Spaniards whom I have
met are a courteous and elegant people.
Many of them have told me that unless
the United States or some equally strong
government will take matters under con
trol they will dispose of their property
and leave Cuba forever. I have been en
tertained by many of these wealthy peo
ple, and the beauty and magnificence of
their homes is something gorgeous. Pri
vate theatrica's form a great feature of
nmiit, nf Mw.. .1. f 1 1
in their countenances, which are
tueir children. Altogether the home
life seems to be au ideal one. Many of
the women dress like our American sis
ters, but manv more prefer to cling to
the old Spanish style of wearing long
black mantles, drooping gracefully from
the head. All seem to me to wear black
dresses and have their faces covered by n
I have been several times to the Cathe
dral wherein repose the remains of Co
lumbus. They have been taken out of
the wall of the Cathedral and are guard
ed by a company of soldiers. I copied
the inscription on the memorial tablet
and it reads as follows: "Oh, Remains
and Image of the Great Columbus, Many
Ages Well Guarded in this Urn and in
the Remembrance of Our Nation!"
In the rear of the Cathedral there is a
magnificent representation of the four
kingdoms of Spain: Castile, Leon, Na
varre and Aragon. They are represented
by four large bronze figures. Altogether
they are the finest group of bronze statu
ary I have ever seen. I will write you
something of Morro Castle when I have
time to explore Its mysteries.
The great mistake we Americans make
on coming here is that we think we can
work with the same energy and bustle
that we do in the States.
This is utterly impossible. Colonel
Williams worked with the zeal of an
apostle, nnd, so I am told, did the late
Colonel Waring, of New York, with the
result that we have seen to our sorrow.
Every day from 11 till 2 o'clock all busi
ness is suspended. People leave their
work and go home to their lunch and
take a siesta or nap. The Spaniard, es
capes yellow fever, and the American,
who knows no rest, succumbs to Yellow
Jack. I am fast learning Spanish. The
good padre and the princely Spaniards
who are assisting me and to whom I am
in turn teaching English are surprised at
my ease in acquiring their language.
But, us you know, Latin is the parent of
all tongues, and being familiar with it
will introduce one to every other.
It is a grand sight to watch the great
waves of the ocean break against the
beach. This is my favorite pastime, f
look far out across to the wide drift of
waters, aud in imagination see dear old
Kentucky, my native soil, where dwell
all that I hold dear. This is one subject
I will not touch for fear of being over
powered, so I will say good-bye.
Joseph I. Cunningham.
The bazar now being held in the school
hall of St. Patrick's school is a decided
success. The hall is crowded nightly
with old and young, who are provided
with plenty of amusement. The affair is
in charge of St. Joseph's Aid Society,
composed of the leading ladies of the
congregation, and the proceeds will be
devoted to helping the poor during the
winter months. The ladies arc disposing
of a lot of articles suitable for Christmas
gifts at reasonable rates, making it prof
itable As well as pleasant to attend, The
bazar will continue all of next week, and
Scally's orchestra will furnish music
each evening.

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