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Kentucky Irish American. (Louisville, Ky.) 1898-1968, January 04, 1913, Image 1

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Sccsnd and Breckinridge.
Labels Redeemable at
Klrbjr's a and 10c Store.
ia)2x Jk jfciifc "ar r T r
Was Grief of Catholh Over the
Dontli of Fntlier Andrew
J. Iiratly.
. St. Cecilia Church Stand a
Monument to HI
Funeral One of the Most Impos
ing Seen Here For Many
The announcement of the death of
the Rev. Andrew J. Brady, the ven
erable pastor of St. Cecilia' church
on Twenty-fifth street, which took
place Monday morning at the parish
rectory, caused wide and poignant
grief through the city of Louisville
and State of Kentucky. Upon all
sides were heard expressions of sin
cere sorrow, for Father Brady was
widely known and greatly beloved.
Father Brady was a member of a
highly esteemed County Cavan fam
ily and was a native of Ireland. He
received his early education at the
Christian Brothers' school In his
...native town and distlnguislied him
self among' his class fellows by car
rying off many prizes. Subsequently
he entered the famous All Hallows'
College In the city of Dublin, to pre
pare for the sacred office to which
he was called. Here he added to
hlB scholarly attainments, and while
yet exceedingly young he was or
dained to the holy priesthood. Com
ing to the United States soon after
hia' ordination he was sent to Ken
tucky, add, here he has labored for
over forty years. For a number cf
years the energetic young priest was
on the mission among the widely
scattered Catholics of the country
districts, but ever patient and
prayerful, he submitted to every
hardship and went courageously for
ward, each succeeding year bearing
testimony to his ability. For a
number of years Father Brady was
stationed at Danville, and before
coming to Louisville he erected
three churches, one at Lebanon and
one at Harrodsburg. Nineteen years
ago he succeeded the late Father
Mackln as pastor , of St. Cecilia's
church, a position for which his
talents, coupled with ms amiaDinty
cf character, eminently fitted him.
Under his direction St. Cecilia's has
forced Itself Into the front rank of
the city parishes.
. By his people Father Brady was
regarded more as friend than as
superior. His teaching was con
veyod by example. Deeply pious and
at the same time studious, he made
a lasting Impression on every mem
ber of his congregation and by all
he was devotedly loved. Naturally
of a retiring and unobtrusive nature.
Father Bradv did not take much
part In public movements, devoting
himself almoBt entirely to the Inter
ests of the congregation over which
be had been placed In charge, and
to which he leaves aa his monument
the magnificent new St. Cecilia's
church, free from debt and prac
tically ready for consecration.
Father Brady had been 111 for two
weeks with pneumonia, but his con
dltion was not considered alarming
until Friday, when complications
set in and he began to sink. Not
withstanding the constant attention
of Her. Father Cronln and his
brother priests and unremitting
medical assistance his condition did
not Improve materially, and Monday
morning, fortified by the last rites
of the church, he went courageously
before the Master be served so loy
ally, there to receive the reward for
which he bad wrought in life. The
Rev. Father Hugh Brady, a first
cousin of the dead priest, who Is
chaplain of St. Joseph's Infirmary,
Is the only relative living In Louls
vPle. For three days and nights the
remains lay In state in the church,
where they were viewed by thou
sands. The funeral was held Thursday
morning, Rttrht Rev. Bishop O'Don
aghue presiding and nearly a hun
dred priests assisting et the solemn
ceremonies. At 9 o'clock the office
tor the dead was chanted by the
assembled priests, and half an hour
later the solemn high mass of re
quiem wss begun with the Rev.
James P. Cronln, V. O., as celebrant.
Tho edifies was thronged, hundreds
being unable to gain admittance.
The sermon was preached by the
A " i ' 1
t, ,. r j
Rev. Thomas White, of St. Frances
of Rome In Clifton, who paid elo
quent, and feeling tribute to hia life
long friend and brother priest. The
last prayers were recited by Bishop
The funeral cortege was one of
the longest seen here for years, and
was representative of all alasses of
the people of Louisville. The active
pallbearers were John McQueese,
Daniel Tompkins, William Kerberg,
John Lynn, John Keep, George
Recktenwald, Charles Raidy and
Oeorge J. Butler. The honorary
pallbearers were John J. Dlgnan,
James O. Shelly, Thomas Hayden,
Charles Jacques, Peter Tevnln,
Nicholas Warisse, Irvington Earl,
P. Bannon, Jr., Barney Campbell,
Sr., Thomas F. Henley, William O.
Hume, August Weber,' Thomas
Dolan. Accompanying the remains
to their resting plsce In St. Louis
cemetery were the Altar Society,
Young Ladies' Sodality, Mackln
Council, St. Vincent de Paul So
ciety, St. Cecilia's church choir, St
Joseph's 8odallty and several hun
dred children In special street cars
Railroad friends Give Capt
Jack Murphy Great
' Surprise.
Capt. John B. Murphy, President
of the Jeffersonvtlle Board of Met
ropolitan Police Commissioners and
general yardmaster for the Louis
ville division of the Pittsburgh, Cin
cinnati. Chicago & St. Louis railway
In Louisville, Jeffersonvllle and
New Albany, was presented New
Year's day with a handsome gold
watch by the men from Hhe three
cities employed under him. The
presentation speech was made by
John M. O'Farrell, yardmaster In
Louisville, and the ceremony was at
Capt. Murphy's "shanty" in this
city. A large number of the em
ployes gathered there and surprised
Capt. Murphy, who responded to the
speech made by Mr. O'Farrell. Alton
H. Parker, Jeffersonvllle yardmas
ter, also made a brief talk. The
committee named to purchase - the
gift was A. H. Parker, W. L. Lloyd
and H. L. Ryan. Capt. Murphy was
proud of the gift, not so much on
account of the Intrinsic worth of
the token, but more especially be
cause It came from men he has seen
grow up under him In the hazardous
business. Capt. Murphy was born
June 29, 1852. He became Identified
with the Pennsylvania December 2,
1872, as a night switchman in
Louisville. In 1879 he was made
yardmaster In Jeffersonvllle, sent
to the Tenth-street -yards, Louisville,
two years later, and a .few months
Afterward transferred back to Jef
fersonvirie, where he remained nntfl
promoted to general yardmaster in
July, 1891. He has had a con
tinuous service with the Pennsyl
vania lines for forty years and one
month. His home has been In Jef
fersonvllle all of this time. He is a
widely known Democrat and has
served In the City Council several
terms. Capt. Murphy Is also prom
inent as a member of the Ancient
Order of Hibernians, Catholic
Knights of America, Knights of
Columbus, Knights and Ladles and
the parish societies of St. Augus
tine's church.
Were CatholicChurches at
New Year' Day
Last Wednesday was New Year's
day and the Feast of the Circum
'clsion, and was solemnly observed In
I the Catholic churches throughout
I the city as. a holy day of obligation.
ITbe services were the same as on
Sunday and at the early masses the
churches were thronged with people
' who offered prayers for the continua
tion of Ood'a blessing upon the city,
' State and nation. Tuesday evening
In nearly all the churches solemn
I thanksgiving services for all the
blessings and benefits of the year
were held. These services were also
largely attended, and besides solemn
vespers and benediction of the most
blessed sacrament Included special
sermons and thanksgiving prayers
for the gracea and blessings of 1812.
At the masBes New Tear'a .day the
musical programmes were the same
as those rendered at the ChrtBtmas
services. The Catholic clergy have
Just cause to feel elated over the
religious spirit exhibited by their
flocks at the beginning of the new
PAT ItOI.M A V Sl'FFF. It I X ( S .
Officer James Savage, a well
1rnMin rnnmhap Af tha. tnrnl nnlicA
' department. Is confined to his home,'
237 East Main street, suffering from
the effects of the bite of a cocaine
crazed negro whom he arrested last
October. Though the negro sank his
teeth deep Into his leg, Officer Sav
age continued ou his beat until a
short time ago, when it was thought
he was threatened with blood poison
ing. Fortunately his case is not that
serious, though It may be several
weeks before he will be able to re
turn to the force.
Next Tuesday night at Falls City
Mull Division 1. A. O. II.. will In
stall its officers. In addition thero
will be a home-coming celebration
by the present and former members,
, to which a general Invitation is ex-
IU11UBU. 1UOIQ Will Ud ail micinum
programme of exercises and a
smoker, and doubtless there will be
a large and pleasant reunion of
thoae who have been identified with
this grauj old society.
Tliat Long Delayed Home Itulc
Itlll Will Pa Next
Intelligent Iteview of the Politi
cal Situation an It Now
Unionist Party Never More Dis
united Than It In at
The Dundalk Democrat, In an . in
telligent and conservative review of
tho political situation as It relates to
the present Government and legisla
tion for Ireland, says that on resum
ing on December SO the motion for
allotting time for the report stage
oi tne home rule bill will be taken
and that measure pushed rapidly
forward to a conclusion. It 1s the
Intention of the Government to push
tin rapidly and complete the whole
of Its legislative programme for the
session. It Is the hope of the Gov
ernment to conclude the session In
the month of February. So far as
one can see there is no reason why
this work, heavy as it Is, should not
be done. If there were a strong,
vigorous and united Unionist party
fighting tooth and nail against the
Government it might be possible to
so delay matters aa to make it nec
essary to drop the franchise bill, the
third of the great measures to which
the Government has pledged Itself,
but the Unionist party was appar
ently never more disunited than It Is
at present. The organs of the party
in the press are at sixes and sevens.
Under the prudent guidance of Bal
four the party dangled a nebulous
thing called tariff reform, which
nobody pretended to understand, be
fore the eyes of the electorate, and
told them that this was a cure for
all England's Industrial Ills and the
means of bringing about the greatest
measure of national prosperity. Bal
four knew very well that If tariff
reform is not to Include a tax on
corn it would be of no use to the
agricultural Interest in England,
which Is Tory, and that If It does
Include a tax on corn It will be taxing
the food of .the people, and the Eng
lish worklngman would not stand
such a proposal for twenty-four
hours. England would see the bread
riots repeated, and the party that
would bring In a bread tax proposi
tion would go out of office, probably
amidst the smoke of half a dozen
burning cities. John Bull will stand
a lot, but be knowa what dear bread
meant in tme past, and he will have
no more of it. The extreme tariff
reformers In the Tory party some
months ago, tired of what they
called the lackadaisical policy of
Balfour, started a conspiracy to
depose him. But Balfour, according
to some accounts, was not unwilling
to be deposed; at all events the
present Tory leader, Bonar Law,
came in Instead. Now Bonar Law
may have many virtues as a business
man and a polltican, but prudence,
foresight and discretion do not ap
pear to be prominent among them.
Bonar Law Is probably a convinced
and sincere tarlf reformer. He is
said to have Interests in Canada, and
a system of preferences for the col
onies la one of the essentials of the
tariff reform proposals. But he does
not appear to 'Understand that
neither be nor anybody else has a
right to impose upon the people of
England a revolutionary change In
its customs system without the
authority of the people of England.
Most of the wiser heads among the
Unionist party recognize this clearly
enough, and they tor months had
been preparing to throw tariff re
form overboard by way of a referen
dum. If on a referendum the country
vote for abandoning free trade, un
der which It has prospered for fifty
or sixty years, 'then the country
should have Us wsy; but at all events
It Is not Bonar Law nor a handful
of gentlemen In Parliament, but the
people In the country as a whole
who are to have the last word. The
present trouble In the Unionist party
was brought about by a speech of the
Tory leader at Ashton-underLyne
In which he declared the withdrawal
of the referendum pledge, and stated
that It was his Intention to submit
the question of food taxes to an Im
perial conference to be summoned as
soon as his party comes to power.
If the colonies at that conference
ask for taxes to be Imposed on for
eign foodstuffs to the preference of
themselves, then the Unionists will
Impose them, otherwise they will
not. In other words, this Important
question as to whether ' the British
paterfamilias will have to pay a tax
on every loaf of bread set upon his
breakfast table Is to be decided, not
by himself, but by people of Canada
and elsewhere who would benefit.
Such a proposal would be rejected to
morrow by an overwhelming major
ity of the people of England, and
the more fact that a responsible
narty leader has put such a proposal
forward has done more to estrange
niiuii'ar feeling from that party than
snythlng It has done for fifty years.
Even the Times condemns It. as well
ts nearly all the Unionist morning
pupers published In the Industrial
towns of England. A member of the
Cabinet Is stated to have expressed
the opinion that whereas he doubted
if the Government could have sur
vived a general election taken a
month ago, ha was convinced that
they would win hands down now If
one were forced upon them.
Hibernian Elect Officers
and Arrange Tor Joint
The Hibernians f Ashland closed
the year Just ended with a rousing
and enthusiastic meeting, when th
following dlvlsioa officers were
elected for the yesr1913:
President J. B. Burdlss, Sr.
Vice President John Sheridan.
Recording; Secretary B. J. Clln
IFInanclal Secretary Thomas M.
Howard, Jr.
Treasurer Martin Holmes.
Pergeant-at-Arml-r-John Serey.
Sentinel William Naughton.
Chairman Standing Committee
John Mulligan.
Hereafter the Ladles' Auxiliary
will meet with Division 1 on the
third Tuesday of each month. It Is
planned to have a Social session on
these nights for all the members.
Thomas M. Howard, Sr., Chairman
of the Entertainment Committee, Is
enthusiastic over the present condi
tion of the order and says Hibernian
Ism will prosper la Ashland during
the coming year. ' ,
Will Serve Another Term as Presi
dent of Division 2, A. O. H.
Charles "Vyk H&gan, twenty-one
years o'd, died Monday afternoon at
the home of his father, Charles
Hagan, 3307 'Bismarck avenue. ..His
death is 'attributed to injuries re
ceived when he fell from a tree
some time ago. The funeral was
held Wednesday morning from Holy
Cross church.
The funeral of John Horn, who
died Tuesday at his home, 309 Ohio
street, was held yesterday morning
from St. Joseph's church, of which
he was a faithful member. For many
years the deceased was employed by
Grainger & Co., as an Ironworker.
He was widely known and highly re
spected in the East End.
Monday evening death entered the
home of Maurice and Amelia Quill,
S23 North Twenty-seventh street,
taking , from them their infant
daughter Catherine, who for six
months had been the Joy and sun
shine of the household. Her funeral
was held Wednesday morning, and
the bereaved parents find consola
tion In the knowledge that an angel
awaits them In heaven.
The funeral mass of Miss Nellie
Donahue, beloved daughter of
Fergus and Mary Donahue, was cele
brated Thursday morning in St.
John's church by the Rev. Father
Schuhmann. Miss Donahue was
twenty-six years old and resided
with her parents at 907 East Walnut
street. Her gentle, generous nature
had gained her a wide circle or
friends, whose sympathy is tendered
the bereaved parents.
Residents of Jeffersonvllle gen
erally regret the death of Michael
Nolan, husband of the late Mary
Nolan- and one of that city's most
highly respected citizens. The de
ceased was born in Queen's county,
Ireland, sixty-three years ago, but
the greater part of his long and us
ful life was spent in Jeffersonvllle,
where he came as a young man. Sur
viving him are two daughters. Misses
Anna and Susie Nolan, with whom ne
lived, and a brother and sister in
Ireland. Rev. Father O'Connell con
ducted the funeral services and mass
of requiem Monday morning, when
the larae attendance testified to tne
esteem in which the deceased was
Wallace K. Evaus, for more than
twenty years manager of the Raffo
Furniture Company, died suddenly
Monday morning at his home, 11
Park avenue, aud the sad news was
a shock to his many friends. His
death wns caused by dropsy follow
ing an illness of only three days.
The deceased was a member of the
Knights of Columbus and stood high
In the business circles of the city.
Besides his widow he is survived by
three sons, Wallace Evans, Allen
Kvans. O. Stewart Evans, and a
daughter, Mrs. Edna Smith, of Nash
ville. Tann. Funeral services were
held Wednesday morning at St. Louis
Hertrund's church, when large num
bers of sorrowing friends snd rela
tives paid the last sad tribute of
Don't envy the man above you. lis
Is probably bigger tlmu you or he
wouldn't be there. If you euvy him
it's a cinch he Is.
-- v.L
...j. .J .... i .i
Progressive and KepublleanM at
Wide Variance on Fusion
Herald I tap IMItor Knott and
Ills Fellow Pendeniils Club
Sheriff Kmler Opens New Year
With Entry In fount As
sessor Ituoe.
As predicted in these columns
immediately after the election, there
is no possible hope for the Pro
gressive and Republican parties in
this district to get together and nom
inate a fusion or compromise ticket
In the coming municipal election, as
the Louisville Herald and Evening
Pest, organs of the respective par
ties, are now at each other's throats
so to speak. The following example
is taken from a Herald editorial: .
In a recent issue the Post at
tempted to discredit the proposed
Progressive Club, the organization of
which has made good headway in'
Louisville. Its objection Is to a
party organization of this character.'
It would prefer a Good Government
Club, on a general basis of member
ship. Naturally It would. The Post
does not want the Progressive party
to become a factor in local politics.1
The Post wants to use the sentiment
created by the Progressives for the'
support of some sort of mongrel
ticket which it can name. There is
a little silk-stockinged coterie of
feather-duster reformers that
oscillates between the Pendennis
Club and Mr. Knott's office which,
would like to ride Into power on the
wave of popular revolt against the
old parties. We do not need to name
any of those who compose It. They
are pretty well known to students of
local politics. They have as little
real understanding of what the Pro-,
gressive movement means as many
of the old-line politicians. They live
and move and have their being in a
sphere, fan. above the average man,'
the worklngman, the man for whom,
the Progressive party exists. They'
talk much of what they would like
to do for the people, but they are all
afraid of letting the.people do any
thing "for themselves. 1
Pretty hard words coming from
the Herald, but a great deal of truth
In them, especially pertaining to th' i
professional reformers, often spoken
of In the columns of the Kentucky
Irish American, they being Demo
crats today and Republicans or
Fueionlsts tomorrow. In fact any
thing or any creed to obtain an of
fice with salary or prestige. One of
the Post's friends comes back at the
Herald with the statement that the
Progressive party was only a passing
fancy and points out the remarkable
race made by H. I. Fox, an unknown
lawyer, against Swagar Sherley for
Congress, the Post writer asking
what chance Fox would have against
Sherley in an ordinary election and;
that next year will find the majority
of the Progressives back in the
old parties.
Sheriff Al Emler began the new
year with announcement of his
candidacy for County Assessor, and
Is already busy forming bis organiza
tion for the August primary. The
popular Sheriff Is some campaigner
and the man who defeats him will
know be has been In a race. Another
entry or two Is expected In this race
the coming week, and this Is believed
will be a signal for hasty announce
ments all along the line for the first
free-for-all primary held under the
new law. It Is rumored that Pres
Ray will have one, of his present
deputies for an opponent in the
County Clerk race, and the same
situation applies to Tsx Receiver
MllUken's contest for nomination.
However, It Is rumored that Mr.
Mllliken has the Mayoralty bee
buzzing In his bonnet and that Dr.
Buschemeyer may have opposition
from Caldwell Norton, Sebastian
Zorn, Harry Brennan. Owen Tyler or
Mr. Mllliken at a later date. Attor
ney Sam Greene Is busy now csni.
paignlng for County Judge, an
from the presept outlook It will be a
three-cornered race between he,
Judge Muir Welsslnger and Judge
Charles Wilson. Coroner Ellis Dun-(
can has no opposition at present,
although the names of Dr. A. R.l
Bizot and Dr. Charlea Edelen have
been mentioned in that connection.
In the PoHce Court Bailiff's race If
Kd O'Connor doesn't .announce
Detective Will Harding will shy his
hat in the ring, while the contest
for Clerk of Police Court resembles
a battle royal at present, owing t -the
numerous entries. But watch
for the big field of entries Into th"
Aldermanic and Councilinanlo races,
anybody that csn get a couple of
hundred names on their petition bv
ing eligible, no other trouble or ex
pense necessary. In fact there '
be so many candidates to run thit
voters to sign petitions will be
greatly In demand.
The twenty-six story McAlpln
Hotel at Thirty-fourth and Broad
way, New York City, said to be the
larxeat hotel In the world, superbly
finished and equipped, was formally
opened to the publlo last Saturday
ulght. The McAlphln is capable of
accommodating 2.500 nersous, e I
c'uhIvs of niploye. The princlpa
entrances are upon Thirty-third and
Thirty-fourth streets. Below -the
street level sre the barber shop, kit
chen and service room, lavatories
steward's department, laundry and
other work departments of the es
tabllshment. Over the twenty-fourth
floor are housed the operating force
On the twenty-sixth floor are a ball
room and convention hall, Turkish
bath with private roof garden, a
general roof garden and a kitchen
for an Independent service of these
features. The building Is as fire
proof as modern constructive skll
can make It, and In this regard It
ranks second to none In the world
Provide Bounteous New
Year Eve Feast Tor
Of the many gatherings held to
bid the old year adieu none sur
passed In real enjoyment and spirit
the one that took place at the head
quarters of the No. 17 engine com
pany and No. 5 hook and ladder
company, Twentieth and Garland,
when Capt. Frank Bundschu and
Capt. Edward McHugh and their
men tendered a reception and most
bountiful supper to public officials,
prominent citizens and friends of
the brave fire fighters. The tables
groaned under the weight of oysters,
salads, roast turkey and cranberries,
roast shoat and dressing, pumpkin
pies, fruits and everything that
would tempt the palate, and strange
to say after all had been served to
the full there was much left, which
the big-hearted firemen distributed
among the homes In the neighbor
hood. Seated at the head of the
table was Chief Tim Lehan with As
sistant Chiefs Patrick Carroll and
Gregory Sheehan near by. Others
were Adam Atzlnger, Alderman Bar
ney Campbell, William M. HIgglns,
Deputy County Assessor Edward
Brennan, George Atzlnger, Joe
McDevitt, Louis Cofer, Emmet Fltz
patrick, Daniel Buck, John Mc.
Devltt, Joseph Walt, Ben Schuck
man and about forty whose names
were not obtained.
Adam Atzlnger acted as toast-
master and called upon the editor of
the Kentucky Irish American, who
was almost at a loss to find words
to express appreciation for the hos
pitality bestowed and the good cheer
that prevailed. The men were com
mended for their faithfulness in
protecting life and property ani
congratulated upon being members
of the best fire department In ' the
country. When Capt. Bundschu
was called for he told of the life of
thefireman, always on duty. Their
only pleasure was the soclabilty that
existed among the men In the re
spective houses,, and occasions ..like
the present brought them " nearer
their friends and the public and en
couraged them in a life that is con
stantly fraught with danger. Before
leaving a number Inspected the
house and Its equipment, which they
declared in first-claBs order and per
fectly kept.
Oratorio Tor St. Lawrence
Institute a Great
Sunday evening, January 12, the
Shubert Masonic Theater should be
filled with a capacity audience at the
performance of the beautiful or
atorio, "The Golden Legend," which
Is to be given for the benefit of St.
Lawrence Institute. The fact that
this affair is given under the aus
pices of the Catholic Choral Union
chould of Itself be sufficient for
enthusiastic co-operatlo , on the
part of every parish In the city. The
best of talent has been obtained snd
the programme is one calculated to
suit all tastes. Douglas Powell, the
famous English baritone, will be
one of the soloists, and Mrs. Alice
Turner Paroell, of Columbus, Ohio,
has been secured for the leading
soprano. Miss Alma Beck, of Cin
cinnati, will also assist In making
this oratorio an artistic and brilliant
event. The chorus will be a mag
nificent assembly of well trained
voices from all of the Catholic
church choirs, under the most effi
cient directorship of Prof. Anthony
Molengraft, who has achieved such
great success as leader of the May
music festivals in our city. Brother
Pius and the friends of St. Law
rence Institute have been untiring
in promoting the success of the pro
ject, and it is to be hoped there will
not be a vacant seat.
During the course of an eloquent
sermon preached at the Cathedral
last Sunday morning the Rev.
Father Donohue asked "Why do
Catholics neglect attending vespers
and benediction?" This is a serious
question, he said, and the only
answer that could be given Is be
cause such as abwnt themselves
have no gratitude in their souls. Our
Divine Lord asked what rould He do
more for his viueyard than He has
done? And yet we are such ingrates
that we receive sll and never return
lo give thanks. Perhaps when we
fall luto some terrible temptation
w may then realize that If we had
gone Into God's holy temple for
the vesper service, and received the
blesaing of (lod on a Sunday or holy
day, we would have been better forti
fied to withstand the attacks of the
inevitable. When It comes to that
awful hour for to receive extreme
unction, It may then dawn upon you,
cureless, easy-going Christian, how
many opportunities you lost. "Labor
while you have the light, for the
night co met u, when no man rau
Portends and Foreshadow Peril
to Product of Christian
Itourke Cock ran Given Defini
tion With Which Hut Few
Mays Its Growth Is Iue t
Ignorance of Its
In a lecture on "Socialism" under
the auspices of the Brooklyn Knlsrhts
of Columbus, delivered bv TTnn
Bourke Cochran Just before his de
parture for Europe, the noted Irish-
American orator said:
The question of Socialism is little
understood by many people. The
tendency is to criticize every doc
trine one dislikes aa helm nf a Rr.
cialistlc nature. In Congress, if a
member dislikes a bill, he declares It
unconstitutional, and as such regis
ters his vote ttlftlnst it Thirf wa
understand what Socialism really is,
permit me to give a definition with
which few Socialists differ. Snclnl.
ism Is a social democracy In which
all agencies of production and dis
tribution are controlled hv the cUnta
This teaching portends and fore
shadows peril to the lnntltntlnn
which are the nrodnrt if fhriitinn
civilization. There is a vast differ
ence between the tinwera hetnnirlnv
to the State and to those belonging
to tne individual. There are certain
facilities which , private concerns
undertake, such as llirhMnv anH
means of travel, which the . State
would necessarily have to provide
for In the event that these private
concerns were not permitted to do so. -.
Operation of railways, water systems
and telephones are efuientlallv nnhiit.
I functions, and If nrl vnta a cron (Iod
Hare unwilling to construct or admin
ister these enterprises, the State Is
'tna to ao so. -
the State undertakes tn an.
;ontrol of private Individual
le is exercising ' a power
agonistic to the conditions
of ci
under which we live.
:ation? i
it'rn is
that for
and women co-operate for their
mutual benefit. There are two
k'nds of co-operation that which la
voluntary and that which Is enforced.
There must he
civilization, because If Deonle did
not work together we should be
unable to support our present large
population. Civilization la Industrial
co-operation, in which all men con-
iriDute to the common welfare of
all. Voluntary co-operation is the
direct reBUlt Of Christian r,lnl.
Socialism proposes to restore serv
itude and labor deHnottnm tn
ment. which the church ha hun rn
hundreds of years striving to over-
"Let us examine th. gnni.ii.n
claim that wairea ah
by the practices of their doctrines.
wages is that part of the reward the
laborer receives In compensation
for his toil. Th a
- BDOri I
that the employer receives a greater
snare or tne production of the la
borer than he is entitled to. Take
this chair as an example. A man
receives 5 a day for his work, and
In that time he makes a rhat that
worth 125. He la rAllln An.i.t.
of the value of the chair. The So
cialists maintain that the boss re
ceives the remaining four-fifths for
his profit. In reality he does not,
for he necessarily has to pay for his
i"uia, lumoer ana otner, materials
which SO toward miVIni nn tha
chair. If the working man Increases
his OUtDUt ner dav hn h
creases the prosperity of his em
ployer and the direct result Is an
Incresse of wanes to him. Now let us
take the Socialist plan of substituting
the State for the private agency.
Jobs would be riven tn nn1itiiin
and these office-holders, who would
nave very little knowledge of their
work, would deprive skilled laborers
of their Dosltions. Aa a. result th
output of the commodity would be
materially aiminisned and the wages
of the laborer would be necessarily
"The Socialists claim that their
plan of government would eliminate
Industrial quarrels. Of course there
would be no strikes. The State can
not negotiate with Its subjects, it
must command tham Thla mnana
enforced labor or co-operation, which
Is a synonym for servitude which
ChrUtlanlty has overthrown. Social
ism once entrenched In Dower would
secure a powerful control over the
government and It would be bard to
.ovennrow it. wny tne growtn or
! SurfaliHin, if it is but a restoration of
I hateful conditions? It la largely duo
to extraordinary misconception of
SociallHttc ieHchlnira. RncluliatB rnm-
nlaln of certain conditions which ws
deplore. Many abuses have grown
up In our Ciovernment which must
...J ..rill I. . , 4 1.1. . . . . V.
ami win uo cuneiiBU wiilium mo
aid cf the Socialists. Your very
presence here tonight Is convincing
proof that you are engaged In a
work of purifylug the evils of civili
zation." GltOWS TAI.LF.ST THKK9.
California has been noted for the
size and height of the trees that
grow there, but few know that
Australia grows trees that are taller.

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