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Kentucky Irish American. (Louisville, Ky.) 1898-1968, January 11, 1913, Image 1

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Sccand aad Breckinridge.
Labels Redeemsbl at
Klrbr's t and 10c Store.
Kentucky M
For the Liberal and Irish When
Commons Ends Ulster
Home Rule Bill Will Soon En
ter Third Reading
Asqulth Premier Till Irish Par
linment Meets on College
The jclose of the week, cabled
T. P. O'Connor, M. P., last Sunday,
finds every borne ruler in high
spirits, especially because of tbe
events of Wednesday night, when
the Tories, after long helstation, de
cided to move the amendment to
exclude UUter from the operation of
the home rule bill. When this
proposal was last discussed there
was a slight wavering among the
Liberals, and indeed the proposal
came from the Liberal benches.
Then the Government majority fell
down under seventy, and several
Liberals abstained from voting, but
last Wednesday, with a single excep
tion, the Liberals stood solid and
the majority against the proposal
mounted up to ninety-seven. Premier
Asqulth, John Redmond, the home
rule leader, and Winston Churca.Ul,
First Lord of the Admiralty, made
brilliant speeches against the pro
posal. The whole debate was a
triumph for the Liberals and Irish,
and Asqulth heartily congratulated
Redmond on the magnificent suc
cess. Next week the debate on the re
port stage of the bill will be finished,
and on Tuesday, January 14, the
debate on third reading starts and
will end in two or at most three
days, and toy January 20 the discus.
slon will open in the House of Lords.
No doubt now is felt that the House
of Lords will reject the hill, though
many of the English Tories are be
ginning to get restive under the
complete servitude of all the English
conservative interests to the narrow
Intolerance of the Ulster Orangemen.
Of course the bill will be passed by
tbe Commons a second time within
a few'weeks of Its rejection by" the
House of Lords, and thne we shall
begin probably an era of proposals
of some kind of compromise by the
saner Tories.
Any compromise will be made
difficult by the continuance of the
irreconcilable attitude of the Orange
men, who this week reiterated their
determination not to accept home
rule even If, in another election, the
British constituencies declared in
Its favor. This irreconcilable at
titude compelled A. Bonar Law,
opposition leader, to make the open
admission that if home rule were
accepted by the British constit
uencies again he would bow to their
decision, but Law wound up the
debate on Wednesday with the as
tounding declaration that he would
support the Orangemen in any
action, even civil war, which they
might take against home rule. The
Ulster Nationalists, who know
Ulster the best, laugh at these
views, and Premier Asqulth is not
In the least affected by them and he
Is ready to take all the steps neces
sary to Indicate home rule when it
It is passed into the law of this land.
During this week, however, as
during the last, all legislation and
every Liberal move were submerged
in public interest by the spread of
the big split between the "food
taxers" and the "free fooders" in
the Tory party. In spite of every at
tempt of some of the Tory papers to
postpone or hide the split, the dis
cussion proceeds with the utmost
liveliness, and the Tory Journals of
the different sections continue to
apply to each other terms of
ferocious and almost hooligan
violence and insult.
The triumphs of ths Government
In this particularly lucky week were
completed by Chancellor Lloyd
George's overwhelming defeat of the
doctors on the Insurance act. The
break in the doctor's Tanks, which
began in tricklets, swelled to a big
stream as the final days of the fight
proceeded and now Lloyd-George has
more doctors than he wants.
There is no foundation for the
ridiculous press rumor that Premier
Asqulth contemplates an early gen
eral election. He will remain
Premier, barring accidents, till the
Irish Parliament meets on College
Branch 6, C. K. of A., the strong
est In Kentucky, had a big night
Worlntwday. when officers were in
stalled for 1913. The meeting was
held In St Martin's Hall and was
largely attended, many members be
ing accompanied by friends. Speakers
pointed out the strong financial
standing of this order and helped
Inaugurate the campaign for more
members. Before leaving all partook
of a nice luncheon and refreshments.
The returns from the Society for
the Preservation of thv Faith among
Indian children for ths year 1911
show the receipts to Mve been
18 161 69 in excess of those (or the
preceding year. ' William H.
Keteham. Director of the Catholic
Indian Bureau, says this Is due in
great measure to the special efforts
that have been made during the
year to promote the society. It Is
encouraging to note, however, the
awakening to the needs of the Indian
missions which this report would
seem to manifest. If this ratio of
gain can be maintained for a few
years the Catholic Indian mission
problem will have been solved. At
no time In the past has opposition
to the Catholic Indian missions been
more bitter and violent than during
the year 1912, and it Is of the great
est Importance that adequate flnan
clal assistance be provided for them.
Addition to Club Mouse
Now the Important
Trinity Council, Y. M. I., held the
first meeting of the new year Mon
day night, and at the same time
Coleman A. Ridge, Council Deputy,
Installed the officers. Immediately
following the installation cere
monies a luncheon and smoker was
held and enjoyed by the large mem'
Dersnip mat was present. The re
ports of the retiring President, P. J.
Sandman, and the other officers
showed that the year 1912 waa a
very successful one for Trinity, both
financially and numerically. An an
nouncement was made that on next
Monday night at 9 o'clock a special
order of business would be had for
the purpose of affording the entire
membership an opportunity of ex
pressing their views with regard to
Trinity's proposed addition to the
club house, which is proposed to
take in as much space aa the pres
ent quarters. This announcement
was received with much pleasure. On
Monday, January 20, Trinity will
elect delegates to the Catholic Fed
eration, and as the members of
Trinity for a number of years have
taken a deep Interest in federation
some spirited contests are looked
for in this election of delegates.
Although Trinity's Social Club Is
only a few weeks old, President
J. M. Hennessy reported that the
membership had already exceeded
fifty. This club is arranging for
several dances to take place before
Lent. Announcement was also made
that the Dolly Dollars' Club would
entertain their friends with a dance
on Wednesday, January 15. Imme
diately following the meeting next
Monday night Trinity Aid Society
will meet and elect officers and
directors for the present year and
at the same time declare a dividend
to the stockholders. iFrora present
Indications Trinity expects to have
some busy times in the new year
and Something of interest win be
taken up at practically all of the
meetings for some time to
Hibernians Install Officers
and have a Love
Despite the downpour of rain
Falls City Hall was well filled Tues
day night with Hibernians who came
to ai-tend the home-coming of Divis
ion 1, A. O. H., and witness the
installation of officers. President
Martin Cuslck presided and wel
comed the visitors, among whom
were County President W. J. Con
nelly, Secretary Dan Keefe and
President John Kinney, of Jefferson-
vllle, all of whom delivered stirring
addresses during the evening. The
annual report showed the division in
excellent financial condition with
not a claim outstanding. The in
stallation was conducted by the
County- President, assisted by his
predecessor, Councilman Thomas
Dolan, the ceremony being beautiful
sauu m cbdi ni Uj'wts laauiQ baa .
chair and savel President Thomas
and impressive. Upon taking the
Tarpy was warmly applauded, and In
regDonse said words failed to exnress
his appreciation of the honor that
crowned his thirty-five years' mem
bership. He loved, he said, every
principle of the A. O. H., which ln-
culcates love of God and country
and the true spirit of brotherly
friendship. He hoped to measure i
up to the standard of his predeces-
sors. which would mean another !
prosperous year for. Division 1.
Cigars were then passed and for an
hour there was a love feast, when
Daniel McCarthy, John Kinney, W.
Connelly. Councllmen Charles
Ftnegan and Thomas Dolan, Thomas
Keenan. Martin Cuslck. Thomas
Walsh and Dan J. Keefe made talks
that aroused great enthusiasm.
County President Connelly found it
a pleasure to Install officers so well
qualified and worthy of trust, and In
calling upon the members for sup
port for the administration he said
that on all sides were to be seen
signs of progress, which portend
banner year for the order.
Next Tuesday night a meeting
Unity Council, Y. M. I., of New Al
bany, will be held In St. Joseph's
Hall to discuss a proposition to erect
a new club house on ths alts of the
present home of the council, at SO 5
East Main street. The estimated
cost of the proposed structure is
$11,000. and the council, which bas
been raising a building fund for a
year or more, bas on hand $5,000.
Tbe new building will contain a pub
lic hall in addition to the clubrooins.
At the meeting held Tuesday nlftht
officers for the year were installed
and President John Pont rich was
presented a handsome gavel. The
presentation was made by Oscar
Rouck, Unity Council is one of the
strongest Catholic organizations la
What It Being Done Here
less Warmly Clad
Above is an excellent picture of
St, Lawrence Institute, located on
East College street, and a number
of the boys who find there a safe
and comfortable home. On the
right will be seen the Rev. Brother
Plus, who founded this institution a
little over four years ago.' The St.
Lawrence Institute, which makes no
distinction between poor boys be
cause of their religious belief, is Just
at present full to its capacity, and
has taken care of 164. The fact that
In this city there is no other institu
tion that cares for boys between the
ages of fourteen and twenty years
gives St. Lawrence Institute an im
portance far beyond that attached to
many other charitable institutions.
Here the orphan and friendless boys
find a home where their moral train
ing Is safeguarded while their char
acter is being formulated. To this
work Brother Plus and his assistants
give their special care, and their
success Is reflected in the fact that
fftof one boy whd has been an inmate
of St. Lawrence Institute has become
The Brothers see that the boys In
their charge are provided with the
best of food and are warmly clad
and housed. Particular attention is
given to their morals and education,
for which there are evening classes
Loss ofllConvent Where
Georgia's Daughters
The Convent of St. Joseph at
Washington, Ga., destroyed by fire a
few weeks ago, says America, was
conducted by the Sisters of St. Jo
seph with such marked ability that
the flower of Georgia's daughters,
Protestant as well as Catholic,
flocked to their school, and the virus
of bigotry was eliminated, and not
seldom replaced by Catholic convic
tion. There the daughters of Joel
Chandler Harris were educated, and
the teaching and example of the
Sisterhood had no slight influence in
bringing the gentle "Uncle Remus"
f o -
into the Catholic fold, for which his
life and principles had marked him.
Many Protestant parents entrusted
thelr children to the Sisters of St.
Joseph, and one of their most loyal
alumnae is a daughter of the
notorious editor of tbe Jeffersonian.
But the convent's destruction was a
particular poignant blow to the
Catholics of Georgia. One of the
oldest Catholic churches in tne ate
was rounded in us neignDornooa
1 nearly a century ago, and the present
.Superioress of the convent, Mother
Aloyslus Burke, Is tbe daughter of
sn Irish colonist, wno some seventy
.years ago trudged every tsunaay
sixty miles to attend that church,
then the nearest to bis residence.
,The total loss of over $20,000 result-
tng from the fire included the books
and clothing and all the possessions
of the students and the SUterhood.
Father McMabon, the pastor at
Washington, writes: "At great dan
ger to themselves ths Bisters saved
every child in their care from death,
Hiifr lnU all aluA avpnnt tha hrtnnr nf
our lamouc sisiernoous. mi vun
dren, Catholic and Protestant, filed
Into the church in scanty raiment
to ask God to spare their convent
home. Perhaps the Catholic public
will give practical answer to their
prayers when it learns of the heroic
devotedness of Sisters and pupils.
Their long services in a non-Catholic
community have been incalculable,
and their calm, intelligent heroism
iu sudden, Imminent danger reflects
credit ou our Catholic sisterhoods
At the installation of officers of
Division S, A. O. 11., Monday evening
In their hall, an uausually large
attendance was present to encourage
the new officers ana i.ounty rresi-
dent w. j. Louneuv, wno conducted j
the Installation. The officers in-
stalled were President, Hutsh Hourl-
.... ""sasaisa''si .JsassspasasisiwaisBsasswsss
I "S r- --' V'"'''
V h,h d?,-x o, fjfc a u H a S.
For the Health and Happiness of Those Who Are Friend
and Sheltered, Provided Wiih Employment and
Right in Life Concert Sunday Night;
for those who are employed during
the daytime. The Brothers also
secure positions for these boys and
take care of their money, so that
later they will have something with
which to begin life's battle when
they leave this Institution. So satis
factory has this feature worked that
at present Brother Plus has several
calls for good boys.
For the benefit of St. Lawrence
Institute and to help Brother Pius
in his noble work a great concert,
under the auspices of the Catholic
Choral Union, will be given at the
Shubert Masonic Theater tomorrow
night, when it is hoped there will
not be a vacant seat. 'The Catholic
mural umun was urxauizeu uuuui
five months ago for the purpose or
giving now ana men s concert to
bring before the public' the best and
highest In music. The 300 men and
women who constitute, the chorus
hava been in training for the past
four months under the able guidance
of Prof. Anthony Mo'';Qgraft, who
also has charge of the Louisville
Musical Club. Sir Arthur Sullivan's
beautiful cantata, "The Golden
Legend," will be its first offering.
This Is a masterly composition and
the chorus numbers are very ef
fective and melodious.
Alma Beck, concert soloist of Cin
cinnati, has been engaged to sing
gan; Vice President, John M.
Maloney; Financial Secretary, John
J. Hession, Jr.; Recording Secretary,
John P. Price; Treasurer, Dan J.
Dougherty; Sergeant-at-Arms, John
J, East; Sentinel, Thomas Noon;
Standing Committee, John Broderlck,
Martin 8heehan, William Lawler,
John Riley and John Karman. Presi
dent Thomas Quinn, of the Hiber
nian Social Club, announced that
there would be a meeting of the club
next Monday evening and requested
all members to be present on ac
count of special business to be trans
acted on that evening.
Thirty-five Years a Hibernian
Now President of Division 1.
The lecture that was to have been
delivered by the Rev. Maurlcs
O'Conner, of St. Mary's-of-the-
YVoods, at St. Augustine s church
this week has been poutponed until
next Tuesday night. Father O'Con
ner formerly was assistant to the
Rev. John O'Counell and bas many
admirers in Jeffersonvllle.
Mayor Burke, of Jeffersonvllle, on
Monday announced the reappoint
ment of Capt. John B. Murphy as a
Police Commissioner, which position
he has held sines 1901. His first ap
pointment was under Gov. Wlufleld
T. Durbln, and be has been renamed
kvery successive three years since
then. The appointment for some
time has been with the Mayor, t'upt.
Murphy has made a firt cIubs Com- j
uiisaiouer and his reappointment
mets with universal approval.
the soprano role. . After graduating
from the Conservatory of Music of
her native city she went abroad for
the finishing touches of the great
masters, attending the Royal College
of Music of London and later going
to Milan, Italy, where, for two years,
she devoted herself to the study of
the opera and oratorio work. Since
returning to the United States Miss
Beck has sung in many of the large
churches in New York, Chicago,
Philadelphia and Boston, and par
ticipated in the various song fes
tivals in such masterpieces as "The
Messiah." "Creation,". "Stabat
. Mater "Hiawatha," "Redemption"
lRnd ..Enjan. other soloists of the
wm Dfl AiIce Turner Far
ineU BOprano; Joseph Schenke,
tenor and Douglas Powell, barytone,
all artists who have acnievea success
in church, concert and oratorio
work. There will be an orchestra of
twenty-five musicians to accompany
tho soloists and 300 voices that com-
itriee the chorus.- Tickets are on sala
t thn Masonic Theater, at the Rog
am1 Book Conmany. Henry Bosse,
Geher & Son, and by all the directors
of the Catholic Choral Union, and
can be exchanged at the box office
tor reserved seats. The net proceeau
will go to the St. Lawrence Institute
for homeless wonting Doys,
Proposed Catholic Thea
ter ror New York
In a recent magailne article a
non-Catholic writer expresses nis
surprise at Cardinal Farley a ap-
proval or tne prupuocu
.hK.r for New York. The writer
v(,inHv iii not aware of the fact
that the church does not disapprove
of the drama. She has proveu
hv her use of the Miracle, Mystery
and Passion Plays under proper aus
pices as a means of edification. The
feeling of some well meaning per
sons of other religious bodies who
thought it their duty to hold up their
hands In horror at 'a "stage p ayer,
and their hatred of the theater, was
chiefly due to the licentiousness Into
which the theatrical profession fell
during the reign of Charles II. in
England. Students of the drama
are beginning to realize that this
fall was owing to the reaction which
naturally followed the unreasonable
rigidity and repression that existed
under the reign of Puritanism. The
promoters of the Catholic theater
believe that a man or woman can be
a good Catholic and yet be a player,
though theatrical life has many
temptations. Many persons over
rate the vices and the foibles of the
theatrical profession because its
members' private Uvea are made
public, but the vices and foibles of
which we hear are not peculiar to
actors and actresses. Jamauschek
and Modjeska were splendid types
of Catholic- womanhood, and their
art gained much from their religion,
while their profession did not seem
to have made their religious feeling
less fervent. Cardinal Farley real
izes that the stage is a powerful
mould of public opinion and an ef
fective Instrument, either for good
or bad, In forming the morals of a
nation. The Catholic theater
promises to be a potent force in
purifying the atmosphere surround
ing the theater. For that reason If
for no other it should be welcomed
by all true lovers of the drama.
The Holy Father has a medal
struck every, year, commemorating
the most important event of that
year's reign. In 1913 the medal of
Pious X. will commemorate the com
pletion of the American Catholic
The will of tbe late Father Brady
was made known this weok, and in
tt $5,000 was bequeathed Miss Katie
Doyle, for tha past fifteen years bis
faithful housekeeper. Besides his
bequest to Miss Doyle, Father Brady
left $5,000 for the poor children of
the congregation, $1,000 for the
bisters of the Good Shepherd and
number of smaller bequests. The
remainder of his money goes to the
Bishop of the Louisville diocese for
the education of priests. Father
3. P. Cronln Is named executor of
the will. It is estimated that Father
Brady left $15,000 In money and
personal property, which was
amassed by careful Investment from
his small yearly salary during hi
forty years as a priest. The priest
left but little to his relatives, who
rstde in New York.
Meeting Monday NlghtWi
Well Attended and
Mackln Council held a largely at
tended and interesting meeting
Monday night, when the annual re.
ports were submitted and officers
Installed for the ensuing year. Presl
dent Adams, despite his broken arm
occupied the chair, with every officer
present. The annual reports were
read, showing the council in splendid
condition. One application was re
ceived and Martin Feeney and John
Buckley were reported recovering
from their illness. Chairman James
Shelley stated that progress was be
ing made on the gymnasium propo
sition, which was satisfactory. After
Treasurer Burke report and a let
ter-of appreciation and thanks from
the Sisters of the Good Shepherd
had been read announcement was
made that everything was in read!
ness for the euchre and lotto on
January 23, for which there would
be hundreds of awards. Upon the
recommendation of a special com
mittee it was unanimously voted that
Mackln would not give its operatic
performance this year. Supreme
President Robert T. Burke installed
the officers, all of whom pledged
their best efforts to make this
Mackin's - greatest year. Rev.
Father Felten was called upon and
said he will feel it his duty to sug
gest the best that comes to his mind
In the interest of the young men. He
urged them to always move forward
each doing the best he could, which
will bring reward to all. Guy Nevln
Will Link, Ben Sand and ethers
commended the officers for their
work during 1912, after which light
refreshments and cigars were served
At the next meeting Messrs. V. B
Smith, Charles Raidy, James Shelley
Ben J. Sand and R W. Galway will
report resolutions on the death of
the late- Rerr A; tfr Brady.
New York Senator Wanted
for Attorney Gen
era Ishlp.
James A. O'Gorman, junior Sen
ator from New York, will be Attor
ney General under Wilson, if a way
can be found to Induce the New
York Legislature to fill the vacancy
In the United States Senate with an
other man of similar caliber. It
was learned definitely in Washing
ton that President-elect Wilson has
his mind set on Senator O'Gorman
as Attorney General, for he feel
that while O'Gorman is a distinct
progressive, his appointment would
be an assurance to the business in
terests of the country that a calm
and Judicial mind would be brought
o bear on every trust and banking
problem that might arise. Also that
the Senator's experience on the
bench would be of incalculable ad
vantage to him in giving the Sher
man law its true application. Sen
ator O'Gorman wants to accept thr
post; the one thing standing in the
wy is the probability that the resig
nation of Senator O'Gorman from
the United States Senate will be
fallowed by the election of William
Sbeehan as his successor. Sen
ator O'Gorman is another one of our
most prominent men in public life
who received his education in Cath
olic institutions of learning, for he
has tbe degree of doctor of laws
from Villa Nova College and Ford
ham University. He also has a de
gree from Georgetown University.
For eleven years he served as
Justice of the Supreme Court, State
of New York, and was elected
United States Senator on March 81,
1911, and his term of service will
expire March 3, 1917.
Wednesday, the ninety-eighth an
niversary of the victory of Andrew
Jackson and the Americans over the
British in the battle of New Orleans,
on the feast of Our Lady of Prompt
Succor, waa observed In the Ursullne
Convent of that city with solemn
high mass and tbe singing of
Te Deum. The services were in ob
servance of a vow made by the Sis
ters on ths eve of the bsttle, that if
victory favored the Americans the
event would be observed forever.
The statue of Our Ladv of Prompt
Succor, before which the vow was
made, was brought to New Orleans
from France by the first band of
Marked Catholic activity In the
Covington diocese is planned for this
year, when five new churches will
be erected. Tbey are St. Paul's at
Lexington, St. Augustine's' and St.
John's at Covington, St. Bernard's
at Dayton, and St, Luke's at Ntcbol
asvllle. And In addition it is ex
pected that ths new St. Elizabeth's
Hospital at Covington will be com-
leted during ths coming year.
Benefits Conferred by Her Sys
tem of Municipal I.nbor
DlHpoNMeri Worklngniun's Fam
ily Seldom Seen in That
Most Practical Solution of Labor
Problem That Is Yet
In a heap on the sidewalk are a.
bed, a table, chairs and a mattress.
A woman huddled together sits be
side these and hides her weeping
face from the gaping crowd. Three
little children cling to her garments
calling pitifully for papa to come to
take them back into the house. The
scene needs no explanation. The '
family haa been dispossessed. The
rent was nnpaid for months. The .
father and husband Is running out
of breath to enlist the aid of some
charitable agency. The dispossessed
family is a common sight in the
workingmen's districts in every
large city in the Untied States. It is
common because as a nation we have
not yet found a way of dealing ade
quately with unemployment. The
story of every family thrown out in
the street 'for the nonpayment of.
cent is the story of joblessness. The
head of the family loses his place'
and falls to find work elsewhere.
The State, the municipality have not
assumed responsibility for his con
dition) They have not come to his
assistance with a word of advice,
with a suggestion, let alone finan
cially. They let him drift. The law
Is explicit on such matters. The
landlord must be protected. The
home of the jobless worklngman la
broken up with every regard for
strict legality. .
There are few such broken homes
in Germany: In the fatherland the
Jobless roan Is not allowed to drift
as he is in this country. The Ger
man State or municipality, takea a
vital interest and even assumes
responsibility for tbe man out of
work. It does this not in the spirit
of charity or philanthropy, but in
self-preservation .''y'sV hisi nn
home Is a rift in ihe iiiip of state
which spells ultimate peril. The
trade unions and employers likewise
assist in minimizing unemployment.
The Germans have not abolished
seasonal or cyclical fluctuations In
Industry. But they have adopted
means of making the periods of un
employment as short as possible by
bringing the man and the job to
gether with a precision which is
scientific. Every industrial munici
pality In Germany of any magnitude
has a municipal labor exchange, with
departments for men of trades as
well as unskilled workers. These
exchanges are supported by the
municipalities. Nationally they are
combined into a "Union of German
Labor Exchanges." They publish a
monthly bulletin entitled Tho Labor
Market. The first municipal labor
exchange tn Germany ' was estab
lished in 1887. To date there are
nearly 600. This practically abol-
shes the private labor agencies.
with trained, capable mon at the
head of these exchanges and In com
mand of their various departments
tne labor market of the country is
tuaiea with mathematical exactness.
The man who has worked for years
in a certain industry and Is suddenly
thrown out of work by th9 cloain
of the factory naturally has a cir-
umscrlbed vision. His outlook.
knowledge and experience are lim
ited to the community he haa lived
in, to the Industry he waa employed
n. ii left to his late be might go
n searching for work for months.
The trained heads of the municipal
labor exchange in his city, however.
know exactly the national market In
is particular Industry. Instead of
Mowing the man to drift for months
until he has found work and hava
his home broken up in the meantime,
tne municipal laoor exchange comes
to his assistance and finds work for
him in the shortest time possible.
Quick reinstatement of everv dls-
harged worker in a new place and
necessary in a different Industry,
as to make his period of lnvol-
ntary Idleness as short as possible.
tne principal aim or the munictoal
exchanges. This is as nearly prac
tical a solution of the unemDlnv-
ment problem as Is known so far.
Ths agricultural market is studied
much as the industrial market.
and no man is allowed to remain idle
the city while there is work fop
him in the country. Where a man
as to go a distance from bis home
search of a lob reduced transDor-
tation is frequently given him. Un
employment caused by sudden de
pression In Industry Is dealt with bv
State or municipal authorities. The
municipality or State keeps the nec
essary public works for Just such
seasons. Employment on these nuh-
workt is limited to residents and
arried men. There are other
methods adopted by the German na
tion in their fight on unemnlovmont.
such as public Insurance. Thj trade
unions have their out of work bene
fits Employers have heir own
labor exchanges. Tbe system of
municipal labor exchanges, however,
is being widely copied in Great
Britain and In other countrlt.
The Poor Clares are to erect a
large new convent la New Orleans.

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