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PRINTING FIRST CLASS WQIK C.I re ThU Office Voir Next Order. WE DO PRINTING hist cuss won. CiU This Olfloe Yrar Nest Order. EN1UCKY I EMCAN VOLUME XXXII. NO. 26. LOUISVILLE, SATURDAY, JUNE 27, 1914. PRICE FIVE CENTS Am MM. HOME RULE In m Memorable Victory In the History of the Human Race. lion, .lore A. Mulllvaii Reviews Conditions That Curbed Ireland. UlKterlte Are the Mont Bigoted l'eople In the Whole World. THEIR PLOT A DISMAL FAILURE Readers of the Kentucky Irish American will peruse with Interest the following from the pen of Hon. Jere A. Sullivan, of Richmond, in the People's Forum of the Lexing ton Herald: On last Monday I read an editorial In your paper on the Irish home rule bill, and Immediately there after I sent you a night letter ex pressing my appreciation thereof, and also appreciation of your edi torials and numerous articles on the developments of Eastern Kentucky, and I said that I would write a let ter to you. It affords me great pleasure to confirm that telegram to you con cerning the said editorial. As stated, the acquisition of home rule by Ire land through the British Parlia ment Is a memorable victory In the history of the human race. A little over a hundred years ago the Irish Parliament of that day and time was destroyed by a so-called act of union between England and Ireland, and ever since then the Irish people as a whole have been dissatisfied with the act of union. However, the Parliament which was thus de stroyed really was no Parliament at all, nor representative of the Irish people, for the reason that in that day and time no Catholic was eligible to hold any office in Ire land or represent a constituency in Parliament, or even to vote, an1 tho Parliament of that day and time was entirely Protestant and elected only by Protestants. And the act of the union has resulted In some good, I hope, in this: It has convinced Eng land and Scotland bf the iniquity of religious prejudice and the acquisi tion of home rule by the people of Ireland over the protest of Ulster Orangemen shows that there is no religious bigotry in England now. Indeed there is less religious bigotry In the British Isles, except only rister, than any of the 8tates of the American Vnlon. I know this, not only from history, but from actually traveling through the countries. The most bigoted people in the whole world are the Irishmen of Ulster. When I went Into North Ireland some years ago I was amazed at the feeling that they had against not only the Catholics but Protestants who were for home rule, vicious and unreasonable In their denunciation of the home rule then proposed. I told them it was coming, because the people of England and Scotland were for it. and why anybody in North Ireland was opposed to it I could not understand. To this one of the Orangemen said: "We are more loyal to England than the English' and I said: "I would think more of you for loyalty to your own people In your own coun try." Ulster has attempted to stir up this religious prejudice in Scot land and England and thereby de feat the proposed home rule bill, but has utterly failed. I traveled for about two weeks la France with a distinguished mem ber of Parliament from England who was a Liberalist. He said that the people of England were for home rule, and were going to give it to Ireland ahead of Scotland and even England, for the reason that the Irish Catholics were treated very badly from ignorance on the part of the English. He said for cen turies the Orangemen would rome to England and Scotland and make religious speeches against Catholics In Ireland, and tell their tales of alleged woe and raise money and go bark and keep It for themselves, and that they had fooled the English people and the Scotch people. He said: "My father was a great mauu fucturer, and a very rich man, and a good man, and bis motto was never to employ an Irishman to do anything for him where he could get anybody else; but I have re versed this motto. My motto Is to employ uobody but an Irishman where I can get him to do anything no matter how skillful or unskill ful he may be. Our eyes have been opened, and we see we have been doing wrong for centuries to a loyal and courageous people." The so called Ulster army Is a joke, and there will be no civil war In Ireland, I think. They have organised, as they said, to fight the home rule bill, but how they are going to fight a bill with an army I cau uot under stand. Of course their Idea was to bluff and bulldoze the home rulers In Ireland, especially In Ulster, and to stir up religious prejudice lu Scotland and England, but in this they bave utterly failed. As much as we Democrats re tolced In the election of Wilson or Cleveland, the homo rulers In Ire land appreciate the acquisition of home rule even more than we did the Deinocratlo national victory, and yet they have not celebrated as much as a person might think. Not at all. I believe. In Ulster, in order to keep down the possibility of trouble As you know, all Orangemen are Protestants, but alt Protestants are not Orangemen In Ireland by a good deal. Some of the greatest and most loyal of Irish leaders have been Protestants, like Parnell, who was a Presbyterian, and Robert Emmet, who I believe also was a Presby terian. But Parnell always was elected from Cork and never from the district In which he lived, be cause the Protestants would not vote for him. With a loyal Irishman In Ireland on the question of whom to vote for for Parliament the only question was, "la he loyal and faith ful to his country," and they never inquired as to his religion. Thus you see the Catholic constituents elect Protestants, If men of ability and loyal to their country, even over a Catholic of less ability or less loy alty, whichever It might be. When the beautiful editorial writ ten by Judge Kerr said that one of the main purposes of England was to force the Irish to reject their own religion and accept the English re ligion, he said the truth. As you know, at the time of the Reforma tion, under Henry VIII. and under an act of Parliament the property of all Catholics was confiscated and lost by them to the Crown, and it was made, a crime punishable by death to offer up Catholic services by- the ministers, or for anybody to attend the Cathollo services In Ire land, and many thousands of people were put to death because of their religion In the most brutal and cruel manner. After Ireland was first conquered by England the very richest part of Ireland was taken from the Irishmen and given to English colonists, who were sent from England for the purpose of anglicising the Irish, but in that day and time the English and Irish had the same religion as the people throughout the world had, and in stead of the English colonists mak ing the Irish English, the reverse was true, and the English colonists became Irish; so much so that Henry VIII. said they were more Irish than the Irish themselves, and they were really in opposition to tyranny and brutality. Thousands of the Irish became Protestants at the time of the Reformation, but to their credit be It said they declined to compel the Catholics, who had lost their property by fidelity to their old religion, to vacate their property, and the King of England said he would send no more English to Ireland. Then the Scotch Invaders were selected and sent, assisted by an English army to dispossess the Irish Catholics in Ireland. But I will not enter Into any further dis cussion of this subject, except that it resulted in a war almost of ex termination, and bloodshed .and as sassination of all kinds between the invaders and the Irish. The so called Scotch Irish of North Ireland are the descendants of these in vaders, and they have not any Irish blood In "them.'for "the reason that there was no affiliation between them and the Catholics, or even the Protestant Irish In North Ireland; and If you want to Insult a real Irishman just insinuate and ask him if he is descended from these invaders. He would just as soon you would ask him if he were de scended from assassins - like Curt Jett or Hargis and other feudists of Eastern Kentucky. The new home rule bill wisely re strains or forbids any legislation on religious questions or schools, and the Secretary of Ireland will have the veto power, as well as the King of England, over all legislation. The new home rule bill Is very Imper fect, mainly because the Senators are to be appointed by the Crown of England, and not elected by the people, but this defect will give them something more to look for ward to remove. The acquisition of the religious emancipation act for Ireland under the leadership of U'Connell was a wonderful victory. due entirely to his eloquence, and the established church of Ireland was disestablished by an art of Par liament. He advised the Irish peo ple to appeal to the sense of Justice of the English people, and to bave no dream of acquiring anything by arms from tie English, and In this he was right. But the most practical thing done was the formation of the Irish National party by Parnell when he was a young man from college. As you know, Parnell's mother was an American lady and a daughter of Commodore Stewart of our navy. lie was In no sense an Orangeman, but a true, loyal Irishman. I saw In the public press that the I'lster Ites now propose to go to Dublin and prevent the organization of the Irish Parliament. In this they will ut terly full, for the reason that the loyal Irish ran drive them away, but such an effort on their part will be wholly unnecessary, because the English army will take care, of that proposition. WHOOL8 ARK CLOSED. The parochial schools closed for the summer vacation last week, with commencement exercises that ex tended over to Monday. In all there were evidences of careful training and thorough educatlou, and espe cially In those that have embraced the commercial course. Despite the severe examinations underwent the children attained splendid averages, which Is a source of much satisfac tion to parents and the Sisters and Brothers who teach In the Catholic schools. PROSPERING. James W. Dougherty, a former well known Louisville printer and resident of the West End, is meet- lug with great success in Cincinnati. where he has been a leader lu the newspaper ranks for some years past. With his family Mr. Dougherty has been living In Covington, from whire he will soon remove to an eloxant home he is building lu the aristo cratic Price Hill section of Clncln natl. "Jim" has a legion of friends n Louisville who will be pleased to leara of bis prosperity. 7T EACTS TELL. Prominent 1'art (Jut hollo Have Taken in Aii:rl'nii History. Kxeent For Them Thin Country Would Never Have. . Kxlxted. Non-Catholic Lawyer Who Ue piidiateit Many lrnn;ll'NN ' Chance. -. ' .-- CATHOLIC FRANCE OUR FRIEND A non-CitthnllR lawver of Omaha. Mr. Kasterbrook by name, in the 1 course of an address recently given, I .repudiates the notion entertained by certain aggressive Protestants that the Catholics are plotting to destroy the American republic. He says: "Do you believe that Catholics would destroy or suffer others to de stroy this American republic, which except for them would never have existed? Why America was discov ered by a Catholic Christopher Co lumbus. If you say that Columbus was not Its discoverer, then what was the lute Columbian Exposition Intended to celebrate? Did Kricson discover America? Be It so, Erlcson was a Catholic. But Columbus and Erlcson only touched upon our bor ders. It was left for the other Catholics, missionaries and explor ers, to press onward to the Interior. "The Northern Lakes were dis covered and made known by Cham- plain, a Catholic. The Mississippi Valley and all this fertile western country might not, even yet, have been opened to you and me and our children after us were It not for the Intrepidity and self-sacrifice of such men as Hennepin. Dulutb, Joliet, La Salle, Marquette Catholics every one of them. One of the greatest Republican clubs In this country, the Marquette Club of Chicago, was i. amed after Marquette, the Catho lic missionary and explorer. Cath olic missionaries were preaching to the American Indians as early as 1526, long before a Protestant had ever set his foot on American soil. It was a full 100 years later that our Pilgrim Fathers landed in the Mayflower honest, hard-worked. obstinate, opinionated. uncomfort able, old fellows, from whose loins I have the honor to be descended. They were constitutionally opposed to being happy themselves or per mitting auybody else to be bappy. "At the battle of Bunker Hill, the first real test of heroic patriotism. there were engaged on the American side 1.600 troops, and of these 20 per cent, at least were Irish Cath olics. Why America' first Commo dore was a Catholic, who to the de mand of the British man-of-war as to who 'and what be was, sang out 'I'm Jack Barry, half Irish and half Yankee. Who are you?' But Amer ican patriotism and valor could not of themselves have brought our re public Into being. Patrick Henry bad declared: 'We shall not fight our buttles alone. There is a Just God who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us.' What Is a friend, my countrymen? Some one has said that a friend Is the first oue who comes la when all the world goes out. That friend of America, of liberty, of Uod write it In your beans, my countrymen was Cath olic France. PKHXTH NOT FOR OFFICE. Tbs Catholic Press Association has ra . x t vs,' rrv nTu. rZ V, TXt7V?lv S-N rv 1 ..' ', . received cable news that the Con sistorial Congregation has Issued a decree which forbids priests to be come candidates tor public office un less the consent of their Bishop has been previously obtained. At pres ent the new law aDolles only to I France and Italy, but It will probably . be extended to all other countries In the near future. FIFTY UOI.DKX YEARS. Long since have the closing exer cises of St. Xavler's College become an annual event to which everybody looks forward with pleasure. Its mere announcement invariably elicits the most flattering comment. Insures beforehand a parked house and en thusiastic audience, an audience whose attention naturally turns from a deep admiration of the mas terly efforts of tnn, pupils to a still deeper appreciation of the splendid work of the Xaverian Brothers, whose untiring labors are revealed by the great success with which every Item on the programme is performed. The exercises this year, which marked the fiftieth anni versary of thiB most excellent educa tional Institution, held Monday and Tuesday evenings In the college hall, were no exception and more than satisfied the best anticipations. In fact they seemed to add fresh laur els to previous records. Long before the scheduled time every seat was occupied, and in the vast throng sat men and women or every creed in the community, who by their fre quent and spontaneous bursts of ap plause expressed their appreciation of the work of the graduates, wno numbered thirty-eight. The prin cipal address of the evening was de livered by the Right Rev. ueuis O'Donaghue, Bishop of Louisville, who presented the (Uplomaa and prizes. In his address Bishop C'Don aghue recalled the work of the Xaverian Brothers In Louisville dur- ng the last fifty years and expressed hope for a continuance of the growth of the college, which already la one of the largest Catholic Institutions of learning in the State. The Bishop also refered to the Influence of the college lu Louisville. Much Interest In the exercises centered In the ora torical contest for the Frank A. fSeher gold medal, for which seven graduates competed. The medal was won by Andrew Joseph Uesen- dorf, whose subject was "The Church and the Flag." Judges of the con test were Eugene O'Connor, of the class of '86; William O. Hume, '93: Edward J. Relchert. '02, and Ray mond A. Schuman. '07. Jacob Charles Hoff was awarded the alumni gold medal. This prize was presented by Robert O. Wulf, 02. who delivered the alumni ad dress. Speakers In the oratorical contest. In addition to the winner of the medal, were Louis J. Discher, Edward J. O Connor, Lawrence J. Hamlng, Edward J. Tracy, M. J. Buttlmer and the valedictorian, Sylvester L. Srhulte. The Rev. Hrother James, Director of the col lege, presided over the exercises and made happy brief talks In introduc ing the speakers In the announce ment of prize winners. l'RKPARIXn FOR DEDICATION'. The Rev. Father J. J. .Fitzgerald the pastor, and the congregation of the Church of St. Leo the Great, at Highland Park, have been very busy preparing for the solemn dedi cation of their newly restored and handsome church, which will take place on Sunday morulng, July 6, and will be an event of much interest In Catholic cburrh circles. The dedl catory ceremonies will be conducted by the Very Rev. James P. Crouln, Vicar Oeneral of the diocese, and Rev. Thomas A. York, of St. Paul's will be the celebrant of the high disks at 10:S0 o'clock. In the after noon at 3:30 there will be solemn vespers, with the Rev. Henry Jan- sen. of St. Ilrlgld s. as the celebrant asuistsd bv a number of visiting Driest, when the Rev. Father Schuhmann, D. D., of St. John's, will preach the sermon. , A .'-JS. SZ-?. SZ-Zk. SZ-T l n xz&fj v-v-o fVL 4 . MACKEY S,rInfH Surprise by- KutertiiK I tenioeratU CoiigroNHioinil Knee. ' FriendH Differ at to Wisdom and AdvlNability of tils Court-. Opposing the ICntire Strength of Organization and Admlu- . lt rut lou. .- . - . JUDGE SULLIVAN'S WISE VIEW Quite a surprise was caused in Democratic circles this past week by the eleventh hour advent of Law rence J. Mackey into the Con gressional race, it having been the opinion of many well posted poli ticians that Congressman Sherley would be unopposed In the August nrlmnrv ITnw Itnpw of Mr MHckev's entrance until the announcement in Monday mornings papers that lie had gone to Frankfort Sunday even-, Ing and filed his petition, which was , endorsed by Capt. Tom B. Riley and Dr. D. Borgmann. At the same time Mr. Mackey handed in his resig nation as Department Superintendent' at the Postoffice, the salary of which amounted to 11,700 a year and to which position he had been appointed since the success of the Wilson administration, and which came to Mr. Mackey as a reward of merit after nineteen years' service In the Postoffice. Some of his frlenda believe that he made a mistake In surrendering a substantial position for the shallow game of politics, while on the other baud Mr. Mackey frankly states that some of his friends advised him In his present step, which Is a matter of opinion from either standpoint. The Kentucky Irish American, as one of Mr. Mackey's friends, and one which believed and still believes that he was entitled to the appointment of Assistant Postmaster not only on his splendid record but also through his unquestioned Democracy, neverthe less believes that he Is acting un wisely in his present course, and the editors of this paper, who are his sincere friends, believe that a little review of conditions will prove thl contention. Taking It from a politi cal standpoint, his opponent. Con gressman Sherley, has the support or every District Chairman In the city and county, the support of Mayor Buschemeyer and his entire adminis tration, the support of the allied In terests of the liquor people because of Mr. Sherley's tight on the Webb- Kenyon bill, all of which strength will be active In bis Interest In the August primary. Then again the Bull Moose organ, with subtle flat tery, is trying to create discord In the Democratic ranks by encourag ing Mr. Mackey's friends to attack Mr.'Sherley personally, Inciting them o this end by claiming that the Deinocratlo organization will support Mr. Mackey's candidacy, while the veriest novice In politics know this to be untrue, but which rumor the Herald I busy circulating with the hope of breaking up the harmony now existing In the Democratic ranks. There Is no gainsaying the fart that Mr. Mackey will have a food organization, which Is being oerfected by Police Court Clerk Will Holley, but It Is against hooeless ndds, and then again If by any per chance he Is nominated, there is not 'be remotest chance on earth for him to win In the genef'a election, this "euson belna understood without any further explanation here, and al v v. though the reason assigned may be an unjust one It Is nevertheless a fact. As stated above, this review of Mr. Mackey's candidacy Is not writ ten with any hostile opinion, but partly In answer to the many quer ies of mutual friends In regard to 1:1s prospects in the primary and again In the general election, if nom inated, and by his sincere friends, who are also advocates of Demo cratic success, his step is regretted, and this opinion la concurred In by many who can be considered as real friends of Mr. Mackey and who have always been loyal to his cause and Interests, The letter of Judge Jere A. Sulli van, of Richmond, published first in the Lexington Leader and later In the daily papers, is an eye-opener for those who believed ex-Oov. Beck ham was making a runaway race of It-tir the -Senatorial Tace, and the same experience is being found else where parallel with the present sltu stlon in Louisville, that the Beck ham people are claiming everything In sight, but the fact is not proven on Investigation. As a sample, the Post Is claiming that the majority of the local administration will support Beckham, while a few queries along that line will find It the direct opposite. ORPHAN- SOCIETY PICMC. , The orphans' picnic committee pre paring for the picnic and celebration of our national holiday on the St. Vincent Asylum grounds on July 4 had a well attended meeting on Mon day night In Bertrand Hall, almost every parish In the city being repre sented and reporting some work be ing done. The ladies, as usual, are taking a very active part in collect ing supplies of various kinds, while the committees are fortunate In hav ing good chairmen for the many booths. From all indications It seems there will be a warm but friendly contest In trying to outdo earn other, and there is no reason why this undertaking should not prove a great success. Lee Yates promises something new in handling the dinner, his committee having ar ranged for a dairy lunch system which assures prompt service and warm victuals, thus overcoming the drawback of long waiting and re ceiving cold meals. The wheel of fortune, usually a large revenue producer, is In good hands, and al ready Chairman E. J. Bottler has ahown what he means to do. The manner in which he has started for supplies for his department proves he is the man for the place. Mrs. John Buschemeyer and Col. J. J. Score gave assurance that the linen booth will most likely surpass all previous affairs. The remaining de partments being In good hands, there Is every reason to anticipate most gratifying results. This picnic at present is taking up all the time and attention of the newly formed Orphan Society, but Immediately after the branches now organized and those ready to organize will elect their Trustees to the central body. With that central body will , then rest the effecting of the per- ' mauent organization, the ratifying of the laws and constitution, the ap proval of or election of permanent officers and the launching of the society on a sound and harmonious . basis. No doubt with the laymen of the city In direct touch with the In stitutions and seeing and realizing the needs and funds necessary to meet their requirements, they will make strenuous effort to provide therefor, with this picnic as grand start In that direction. One and all are urged to enjoy themselves at this Fourth of July outing and at . the same time help a true cause of rharity. Another meeting will b held Mondav night at Bertrand Hall, to which all friends of the orphans are Invited. I'NIOV WOMEN'. New York State has T1.S22 women members of labor unions. Women trade unionists incressed it ner rent In New York City during the last year. TORY HELP MueceMnful Week For the Lllwr als and Home Rulers In Parliament. Intervention of Nationally Vol unteers Ma ken Great Change In Situation. Looking With Certain AHsiiranoe to a Free nnd Cnlted Ireland. LAUGHING AT THE ORANGEMEN u . ?tweek ha8 one verv ell for he Liberals and signs are growing mat In spite of many violent speeches we approach a more reasonable stats nt min ..n.. J.-. O'Connor. This change In the .,,uu is uue 10 many causes; but undoubtedly tho vtinn.ii.. ' - ..uiiBuni Ul till teers are the chief reason ti,. Tories, too. have helped to make the Intervention nf thD more effective and more striking by ftiAll 1 llnf in 1 Ka i . - hoj 4 'X A "--empis to lorce the nand of the Government to put them dOWn. The I.thorala h.U il.i with laughter while Lord Rnh. Cecil and other Tory extremists who nave given godspeed to the Orange volunteer niovpmenf -,iij . 7.. T.lBh ,vo!unteer as Illegal, uncon stitutional and calculated to intim idate the free will of Parliament; and now and then when Lord Cecil or other Tories asked who began and who were responsible for all this llegallty a tempest of cheers from the Liberal benches supplied an ef fective answer. In short, this debate Immensely helped the volunteer movement, and was perhaps one of the most vital turning points of the whole struggle. It is at last realized that this appeal of Sir Edward Carson to force has brought into being another and far stronger appeal to force from the overwhelming Nationalist majority, snd what is perhaps as Important, has ranged on. the side of this coun ter appeal all the democratic masses of England, driven to fury by the Insolence of the Orangemen, by the arrogance of the aristocracy, and above all by the attempt of the Tory army to dictate to a popular Minis try and the democratic House of Commons.- Thus a party of law-ami -order has already met the Nemesla which clways pursues such a party when it appeals to force and lawless ness. This new. development In the Irish campaign must color every thing which will happen In the few remaining weeks. For the remaining stages of the struggle Sir Edward CarBon may continue to make blus tering allusions to the determina tion of the Orange volunteers, but such appeals fall in an entirely dif ferent atmosphere now. This sudden and universal uprising of Nationalist Ireland, apart alto gether from Its seriousness as a material force, has started even the most virulent English Tory from his happy Illusion that the home rule sentiment of Ireland was sleeping, if not dead, and in short everybody from the King downward now realizes that the question has got to be settled, and settled now. One final hope remained with the Tories, especially in Ireland namely, that the Nationalist volunteers might have been turned Into a weapon against Redmond and the Irish party, or that alternately the struggle be tween Redmond and the antl-iPar-llamentary men, who had got tem porary hold of the volunteers In some parts of the country, would smash up the whole movement In a dis reputable and disastrous Irish row. Either Of thaaA MIIHOnnan-.. ml.tit have followed If It were not for the ound sense of the Irish people themselves. When the .Irish people realized subterranean Influences were at work against Redmond and his party In the movement now triumphantly approaching its final victory, a whirlwind of disapproval swept from one eud of Ireland to the other, and in less than twenty-four hours all opposition to Redmond vanished. Lansdowne also made an Impor tant change of front by -confessing that no reliance could now be placed by the Tories in the refusal of the army to disobey orders. Thus the struggle is getting gradually nar rowed down to a fight over Impos sible amendments which the House of Lords will make In amending the bill and possible amendments which Asuulth and Redmond can accent. This Is not a stage without grave difficulties, but it Is far less dtflicult thaa some weeks sin It will ha fought with ordinary parliamentary weapons ana not under the shadow of bristling Orange rifles and mutinous soldiers and officers refus ing to obey the commands of the (lovMfltmi-nt I Innlr thurutAr. tn ieu ending In a settlement not altogtber tueai, duc witn certain assurance of a free and united Ireland. VWlt IliltK. A very pretty wedding took place In St. Augustine's church. Jeffer son v Hie. at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning, when the Rev. Father Halpln solemnized with a nuptial mass the union of Miss Marie Davis and Horace Gibbs. In the presence of a large gathering of friends and relatives. The attendants were Misses Mayme Fogarty and Nell Hill and Jerry Osborne. After a recep tion that followed the ceremony the bride and groom left on a honey moon trip to New York.