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. iciroDiTOKir Jieii5: jmgejdhexoajb- ' v. ( ,i -.1 ssr, KtNTUGKY- IRISH AMERICAN. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. fWMed to the Sodl and Moral Advancement of Irkh Americans and Catholics Officially Indorsed by Ancient Order of Hibernians. Young Men's Institute and Catholic Knights of America. a - ..i. i i . - , ii KENTUCKY IRISH AMERICAN PR1NTINQ CO., Incorporated. Publishers SUBSCRIPTION PRICE ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR, SINGLE COPY Entered at the Loulavllle Poitolllco a Second-Claii Matter. AMrtu all Cmmwilcatlons to the KENTUCKY IRISH AMERICAN, 319-321 Wt fires i St. ro apes fhl COUNCIL 3b LOUISVILLE, KY. .SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1919 WHAT IRELAND WANTS. To a request for a declaration on the Irish question from His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons and the priests of tho Archdiocese of Balti more, Cardinal Gibbons replied: "In common with the clergy of this diocese, I am heartily per Buaded that -a substantial and effi cient atonement should bo made to Ireland for the long-standing griev ances she has suffered. Just what Bhapo this should be I am not pre Darod to say. I have written tomorrow, would be better able to protect herself from attack, by n strong nation than Belgium or Serbia or Bohemia or any of the new nations which are being formed as -a result of "the war. Her geographical position makes this certain, a fact which the American ontlrely overlooked. 11LOW TO Y. 51. C. A. Initial letters of the Association over there stood for "You Must Come Across." With tho enormous amount of money at its disposal and tho official backing of the Govern ment tho failure Is all the more astonishing. ENGLISH PROPAGANDA. The press agent stories In the papers and tho specially prepared tho ",n,s Jn tne movies extolling the ri-i. w.i,,. i,nw wVinr lHmi war woik of the Y. M. C. A. are. of Independence Is desired. My than ffsct ? tne bo's nln confidence In the wisdom of the home, who are severe in the cen- r-i.u nini. , nrii thnt t fthniihi . sure of the "Y" and claim that tho like to know what they want." As with tho True Voice, It strikes us that the Cardinal showed rare good judgment In finding out first from Ireland Itself what kind of Independence is wanted there before Indorsing a programme that may not suit Ireland at all. We said Borne weeks ago that tho demand for eelf-detormlnation and this ac curately defined should come from Ireland. Those of Irish blood in America and all lovers of liberty can then support that- demand. That Is the method of procedure which we should naturally expect. Instead we have tho demand com ing from tho Irish In America and this demand Is couched In varying and ambiguous terms. In some cases It means home rule In somo cases It means total separation and complete independence. What we need first of all is to find out what Ireland itself wants. Cardinal Gibbons has taken the proper step3 to find that out. With that programme in hand we shall be able to give an Intelligent ex pression of our support of It. As It is wo are beating the air and accomplishing very little. The Irish people themselves must map out their own programme of self government. We in America can Now that we have disposed of German propaganda, why not put a Btop to English propaganda? The worst offenders In this line are some of our big dailies, who advocate giving Great Britain control of the seas, a monopoly of the merchant marine and anything else she cares to have. Imported Canadian and English editors are given free plaj In circulating English propaganda, SOGIETY. William Keeley, or Anderson, Ind., has been visiting liere as the guest of Thomas Noone. tolls tho children to follow the Divine Child In his holiness and In Ills filial obedience. Let us during this January, the opening month of the new your, cultivate a special and moro Intense devotion to tho Holy Family, and we may rest as oured that our- - homes will be brighter and our lives happier for tho effort. Mrs. R. V King and daughter. Miss Virginia King, are wintering at Lake Walee, Florida. Mr. and Mrs. W, B. Fahey paid a holiday visit to Mr. and Mrs James Hogan at Parkview. DKLK'IOU.3 DRESSING. L A. A. 0. It Plans Edifying Jubilee Celebration of Twentj-flvo Years of Success. Uoast beef for dinner is often accompanied by a loaf of ordinary Will Erect Memorial to Nuns of siumng, macie lis lor iowi, ana baked in a bread pan. delicious. It is simply UNFOUNDED. Miss Mayme Barrett has returned from Pewee Valley, where she spent the holidays with the Misses Foley. 0ssf,rvan71n.ano. the or Mr ami Mis Fran Poolev have gan of the Vatican, prints an papers concerning tho formation of a special Catholic party in Italy and reports that Popo Benedict was to leave tho Vatican. the Misses Sloner at North Vernon, Ind. Miss-Elizabeth Itlley and niece, Misa Grace Gill, spent the holidays with Mrs. J. K. Dorrls at Greenville, 111. Miss Mayme Martin, of West Broadway. Is visiting at Payne. Ohio, as the guest -of Miss Teresa Brady, PRINTERS TO PASTOR. T. P. Walsh, of Charlestpn, W. Va., has been visiting his sisters, the Misses Walsh, on North Gait avenue. Miss Vera Gannon, who spent tho Wioli oliday season at El Contento, has returned to Mount St. Benedict's Academy. Mrs. J. Wolf, Wilson avenue, had as guests this week her son, Ed ward F. Frelss, and Mrs. Frelss, of Washington. Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Winn, Jr., of New Albany, had as holiday guests their parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Winn, of Cincinnati. Lieut. Ralph V. Lee has re turned to his home in St. Louis after a brief visit In Louisville, tho guest of Miss Esther Vowels. Mrs. Thomas Griffin and sons, John, Thomas and Charles Griffin, spent the holidays with her sister, Mrs. John Griffin, at Frankfort 'A ft (to "f 1 r?Atl nrt nmtl lllf Irin which leads one to Temark why not Martha Davis, of Charlotte, N. C, i ,w.t- . i t are snondlnc the winter with Mr. itaviLour own ideas regarding,, the matter but we must not presume to dictate to the people of Ireland what they should do. Y. M. O. A. Officials of tho Y. M. O. A. are to Investigate charges made by wounded soldiers against the over seas work of tho organization, ac cording to Dr. John R. Mott., Ho says that the charges are so nu merous and widespread that they must be met. Wo know that fo Bomo'timo past there has beon con siderable complaint against the Y. M. C. A for "profiteering" in France. What truth is In tho charge we have no means of know ing. The Investigation should set tle that. By the way, asks the True Voice, have any complaints been made against the Knights of Columbus by wounded soldiers? Nono that we have heard of. Will there be an investigation? Well, hardly. There's a difference. have a little American propaganda for a change. America owes noth ing to any of tho foreign powers and the people of this country, out side of a few Tories and paid writers, want no entangling alli ance with England least of all. The returning soldiers and sailors report that the English, as of yore, look with contempt on "we blawsted Yankees" and American and British soldiers and sailors could not safely be brigaded together because of that feeling. A larger navy and; Walter R. Vowels has returned to the Carneglo Tech at Pittsburgh. after spending the holidays with Mrs. M. Vowels and Miss Esther Vowels. are spending the winter with Mr. and Mrs. -Joseph Cunningham in Crescent Hill. Mrs. Arthur Rellly, who was the Christmas guest of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. George DIffcnderfer, in Jeffersonville, has returned to her home In Virginia. Rev. Henry H. Buse, the popular pastor of St. Louis church, Eighth and Walnut streets, Cincinnati, was the recipient on Christmas morning of a Christmas gift from the news paper men who attend the 2:16 o'clock mass, celebrated every Sun day morning by Father Buse for tho down-town night workers. The gift took the form of a well-filled purse and was but a slight token of the printers' appreciation of Father Buse's consideration them. of THINGS THEY RETAIN. W. C. Knowles, Director of the Red Cross 'Bureau of Camp Service, has announced that all discharged soldiers are to be allowed to retain any sweaters, wearing apparel or other supplies that havo been do nated to them toy tho American Red Cross. An instruction to this effect was sent to the Lake Division from the Department of Military Relief at Red Cross headquarters in Washington. The instruction is based upon an order Issued by tho War Department. ASKS WILSON'S HELP. Mgr. Cerrettl, the Papal Under Secretary of State, asked President Wilson to mediate "with a view to settling the Vatican situation dur ing their interviews in Paris," ac cording to Rome newspapers. He also submitted to President Wilson documents justifying the Vatican's attitude of neutrality during tho war and set forth tho humanitarian work done by the Vatican in favor of prisoners, deported persons and other? who were similarly affected by the struggle. This Is one of the many Associated Press dispatches that lack verification. Dattleflcld in Capitol of Nation. Solf-Dcnlal Week to Bc Observed in. Order to 'Complete Fund. LETTER OF THE PRESHENT. EXPRESS ONE OPINION. America First should be our mot and safeguard against the world. tUv PURPOSEFUL PROPAGANDA. GOLDBRICKED. Reports concerning tho Parlia mentary elections in Ireland indi cate that tho Sinn Fein party has practically supplanted tho National ist. In many places Sinn Fein can didates wore returned without op position. This was to be expected. The Nationalist party founded lt3 hopes on co-operation with the English Liberals. The combination worked splendidly as far as the Liberals were concerned. Through the aid of the Irish members in Parliament they curbed the power of the Houso of Lords and secured many reforms for England. But when it camo time for the Liberals to reciprocate and to fulfill their promise of home rule for Ireland, they preferred the Carson Tories to the Nationalists who had helped them. The Nationalists are now paying the penalty for their trust fulness. Thoy were goldbrlcked. Louisville people in New York last week for business and pleasure were F. F Finn. G. H. Stansbury. A. Ressln. F. Leisa, Jr., J. G. Rich mond and G. C. Glllach. ""Patrick 'Shay, of 817 West St. uatnerine street, who has been stationed with thenavy during the past year, on theIrish coast, ar rived at Pelham Bay Station this week. Miss Katherlne Hancock, who ts a student at St. Mary's-in-the-Woods, was home to spend tho holidays with her parents. Dr. C. F. C. Han cock and Mrs. Hancock, in Jeffersonville. The True Voice notes in a Sunday paper a lurid story of lawlessness in Ireland under the leadership of ten thousand more or less I. W. W.'s from Western America. The story Is cabled from London, though It is camouflaged as an In terview given by an individual with an Irish name who has Just arrived from Ireland. He declared that life and property are not safe even In Dublin and that In other parts or Ireland conditions arc equally as bad. The purpose of this camouf lage propaganda 1b plain enough. v Mr- ana Mrs. Patrick Welsh an- It Is to counteract whatever favoranounce the marriage of their daugh Sergeant Lawrence L. Cassidy, wilting from Tours, France, to Director William P. Larkln, New York, makes this reference to the work the K. of C. has been doing: "I have many occasions to hear comments of tho boys as to tho work being done and paiticularly by the order, arid Invariably the opinion. has-been .that the K. of C. has done more than its share. Of one thing rV am now certain, the policy of not selling anything was a most wise and Judicious one.l We are free from criticisms and the boys aio made to feel that the club Is their property while tho Secretaries are only the custodians." JUSTICE TO IRELAND. Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Fielss, of Washington. D. C, are hero spending tho holiday season with Thm t-l a Inn' hinlli ah f m T l" Coakley. 2521 Griffith avenue, and ,mln " fe'J" "C...,l0 flro holnn- avtonhlvolv ontortnlnnri k,, '"M'i" '. ""'- lull, friends and relatives. IRELAND'S POSITION. Recently the New York American wld editorially that Ireland could not do without England's protec tion and made a strong plea for home rule within the empire. This reveals state of mind seeuliar to Americans they have never learned to tntak of Ireland apart from the British Empire, consequently their sympathies are confined to gome ort of a home rul scheme) giving the shadow rather than the sub stance of national liberty. As a matter of faet Bailand meeds Ire land much more than Iretaa4 needs England. At all events it U self- ble sentiment has been created in ter, America for a just settlement of Ireland's case. Just as during the war certain agencies were very active In making It appear that Ireland had sent very few soldlcra to tho front, so now these same agencies would have the world be lieve that lawlessness prevails and that Ireland is" not capable of self BQvernment. It is the old story British propaganda 1n the American press. We havo heard much of German propaganda in the past year or two; hut tho other kind of propa ganda is more subtle and perhap3 more effective. Ireland has had enough to answer for In being blamed for the work of the Jeremiah O'Learys In this country without being lied about and blamed for the I. W. W. who are a product of the New York East Side and who are not Irish at all. It may be that a few of these gentry have penetrated to Ireland to stir up trouble there as they did In this country. 'But to suppose that they havo made any impression on the mass of the Irish people with their anarchistic -doctrine is to go against all we know of the aversion of Irishmen for crime and lawless ness. Ireland has had her share of dreamy idealists and rattle-brained agitators. But Ireland and the Irish people have no sympathy with I. W. W. lawlessness, London propagandists to the contrary notwithstanding. It Is impossible for thv aveiage Amorican to understand the bull- handedness of the English Govern- Ireland. so often made only to be luoken. are now known to have, been nothing but devices to deceive and mislead the public opinion of the non-OGngllsh woild. The latest and most con- George E. Noon, which took place ' ",,'..,,., ,"""'.-. "'. .""" . Thursday morning of last week atj"' ,ed bv Dai 53 Llov at rQnmn ni,....i, Tit ?,, ...,.1 auarqss issueu dj uauu tjiova George and Andrew J3onar Law. Miss Anna Welsh, to Lieut St. Cecilia chuich. Lieut. Noon and bride after the ceremony left for tho East. SUMMER SCHOOL OFFICERS. EVERYBODY WELCOME." The familiar sign "Everybody Welcome," which has become so popular with sailors and soldiers in American and foreign camps, will continue to greet them when they return homo. Every Knights of Columbus Council in Iowa, of which there are fifty-one, Is being asked to open its club rooms for the tree use of every soldier and sailor In uniform, regardless of creed or color. And It is almost certain the Knights will thus open their build ings everywhere. SEWING SOCrRTY EUCHRE. evident tint Ireland, wars she f re 1 'kek. The Ladles' Sewing Society of St. Anthony's Hospital wlU enter tain with the annual euchre and lotto next Wednesday afternoon at the hospital and many Handsome and novel prises nave been secured by tne eommiUee in charge, Ths Barnes will be eaued at 2:39 At the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Catholic Summer School of America tho fol lowing officers were re-elected for the ensuing year: Honorary Vice President, the Right Rev. Henry Gabriels, D. D.. Bishop of Ogdens burg, N. Y.; President, tho Very Rev. John J. Donlan, Ph. D., Centre Moriches, N. Y.; First Vice President, the Right Rev. Mgr. M. J. Splalne, D. D., Roxbury, Mass.: Second Vice President, George J. Gillespie, New York City; Secretary, Charles Murray, New York City; Treasurer, Francis P. Cunnlon, New York City; Chairman Executive Committee, Charles A. Webber. Brooklyn, N. Y.; Chairman Board of Studies, the Right Rev. Mgr. M. J, Lavelle, V. G., rector of St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York City. CENTENNIAL INDULGENCES. Coincident with the celebration of the seventh centennial of the com ing of St. Francis of Asslsl to the Holy Land, where he founded what Is known even to this day as the Custody of the Holy Land, the Holy See has granted to the now famous Church of Mount Saint Sepulchre at Washington, D. C, the same in dulgences that may bo gained by visiting and venerating the original sacred shrines in Palestine. The only conditions to be fulfilled are that a person visiting the shrines be in a state of grace and there recite one Our Father and Hall Mary. INTENTION FOR JANUARY. iHls Hollne&s Pope Benedict XV. has recommended to the Apostle shlp of iPrayer "Devotion to the Holy Family" as the general inten tion for the month of January. He urges the people to take the house hold of Nasareth as their domestic example and to pattern their lives after those of Jesus, Mary and Jo seph. He places St. Joseph before captain and mnte resDectlvelv ot tho British Ship of State. Here, is their edict as far as it concerns Ireland: "There can be no political peace in the kingdom or empire while the Irish question remains unset tled. Therefore all practical paths toward a settlement must be ex plored. There are two pathB, how ever, which are closed, namely, one leading to tho complete severance of Ireland from the empire, and the other the forciblo subjection of tho six Ulster countlBB to a homo rule Parliament against their will." This declaration shows con clusively that the English Govern ment has no Intention of doing justice to Ireland, and that the British profession of love for democracy, at least as far as the Emerald Isle is concerned, is a de liberate Ho. There are thirty-two counties in Ireland. No one denies that each and every county outside of Ulster Is overwhelmingly in favor of a homo rule measure that will give Ireland practical autonomy. unere aro nine counties In the en tire Province of Ulster, and their representation in Parliament Is thirty-three members, of whom sev enteen are home rulers. And still Lloyd George and Bonar l,kw ueciare that there must be no "forcible subjection of the six Ulster counties to a 'home rule Par liament against their will." Will these two delectable British state ment explain why there should be' a forciblo subjection of the twenty six other counties to a British Min istry against their will? A home rule Parliament would give Ireland a government of the people, by tho people and for the people. The present regime in Ireland Is a gov ernment of the people, by a hated foreign Ministry, at the behest of the Orangemen of Ulster. Where is the democracy of which Lloyd George and Bonar Law are so fond of prating in the govern ment of Ireland? Away with such hypocrisy! Let Irishmen the world over insist that the wrongs of Ire land be righted at the coming peace conference. Let the friends of democracy, wherever fate has east thslr lot. demand that luatiee at last he 'done to "the land whose the Christian father as a model for his imitation; he gives to the sons have dona aa nmee for liberty Christian Brother the Blessed Virata and deaoemar in ail quarters of as her Hlaatrtoua sampler, and he the globe. Tentative plans have been formu lated by the National Board of the Ladies' Auxiliary to tho Ancient Order of Hibernians for celebrating tho twenty-flvo years of success and prosperity which has attended the organization, when it is planned to erect tho memorial to tho Nuns of tho Battlefield in the capital of the nation. Tho proposed site for this memorial, which will commemorate tho bravery and sclf-sacrlfico mani fested by tho members of our Cath olic Sisterhoods In all tho wars which tho United States has engaged In (including tho present world war) Is a most prominent and central one in the City of Washing ton. It is In the triangular reserva tion made by the Intersection of Rhode Island avenue and M street and Connecticut avenue. It Is di rectly In front of St. Matthew'3' Catholic church and nearby Is tho house which the American people presented to Admiral Dewey upon his return home after tho battle of Manila Bay, and also In the neigh borhood of the homes of Chief Jus tice White and Justice McKenna, of tho Supremo Court, both prominent Catholics, In order that this memorial mav take Its place with the many beau tiful statues that adorn the parks of Washington, It Is proposed to raise an additional fund or at least $45,000, and Mrs. Mary F. Mc Whorter, of ChlcaKO. National Presi dent of the organization, has called on tho members throughout the country to observe a "Self-Denial Week," in which the amount con templated will be raised. In her official letter, sent to every division In the order, she says in part: "At the national convention held In Norfolk, Va., In July, 1914, Mrs. Ellen Ryan Jolly, who was at that time your National President, placed before the delegates her life long dream of erecting a monument to commemorate the brave deeds of the nuns who gave up their lives on the altar of patriotism nursing the sick and wounded soldiers of the ciyll and Spanish-American wars. As 80 per cent, of these nuns weio of Irish extraction, Sister Jolly stated that It was tho duty of the Ladles' Auxiliary, Ancient Or der of Hibernians, to erect this monument because It was the only organization of Irish Catholic women in existence. The delegate unanimously adopted the suggestion of Sister Jully and with one voice pledged tho organization's assist ance to help her carry out this great undertaking "At that time Sister Jolly ex pected to be able to obtain the nec essary site for this monument in Arlington Nutlonal Cemetery, In which event the 15 per cent, per capita tax for which she then asked would have been sufficient. Tho order is familiar with her long and oltter struggle In Congress, until finally last March she obtained tho site, not in Arlington but In the City of Washington. The Fine Arts Commission have wonderful plans for the future beautifying of the nation's capital, and as a part of this scheme of beauty all monu monts to be erected there in future must come up to certain specifica tions. Hence the sum of money that would havo been ample to erect tho nuns' monument In Arlington is entirely insufficient to erect It on the site granted. It theiefoie becomes necessary to raise an additional sum amounting to at least. $45,000 "Whon your National Board was In session last July the members discussed various plans by which this additional amount could bo raised, and I suggested that a 'Self Denial Week,' during which each member would be asked to deny herself of even necessities to tho extent of $ltwhlch she could send through her division Presldont to tho National Secretary, Mrs. Susan McNamee, Charlestown, Mass. Tho board left It to your National President to namo the week that Is to be known as Self-Denial Week for tho Nuns' Monument. After much thought on tho matter I have set the date from Saturday, Febru ary 1, to Saturday, February 8, under tho patronage of our own St. Brlzld. who was herself a dear white dove of the church. Sisters, In the name of St. Brlgld, I ask you to begin her day this year In tho manner In which I have already outlined, and then during tho week following deny yourself of even necessities so that the nuns' monu ment which we hope to erect In Washington will be in every way worthy of the holy women whom are now, wo hope, in heaven. What a pleasing gift this will be to their memory and how worthy of their saintly lives. I now see in my mind's eye a beautiful white marble monument typical and appropriate for that which it is Intended to commemorate, the brave deeds and wonderful self-Bacritlces of tho Angels of the Battlefield, erected by tho pennies saved and set aside during Self-Denial Week by the members of our beloved auxiliary. "You have been asked many a time during the past year to go 'over the top' in patriotio endeavor we now appeal to you to go over the top' during Self-Denial Week. Your National officers are de termined, with the assistance of Almighty God, to raise the balance of the monument fund, but we want yon to have the glory of giving tho neesasary amount. Therefore make SelNDenial Week for the Nuns' TO THE DEMOCRATS OF KENTUCKY ((BSHBHSHBattkiS jfMr LLaLLaMBEi2lR?iBK"r -KmMt aLLIBlff iTlrj W "''MtSaHLtHaPC i D IT. V. BELL. T IS with a profound seiibc of tne responsibilities and a full appreciation of tho arduous duties attending- the conduct of tho offico to which I aspire that I an nounce my candidacy for the nom ination for the office ot State Su perintendent of Public Instruction, subject to the action of the Demo cratic primary, August 2, 1919. IT IS useless for mo to say that I first saw tho light of day In the hills of Anaerson county, Kentucky: and from that day until this good hour I have never changed my citizenship nor cast a ballot out of my nativo State. IN POLITICS I was bred and born a Democrat, and have never had occasion to aban don the doctrine and principles of our futhcrs. While, at all times, I have tried nover to be obnoxious in tho promulgation of tho political tenets to which I hold, I havo al ways had tho courage to givo n reason for the faith I had within me. Democracy docs rfot mean po litical chicanery, but tho expanding and unfolding of those immortal principles which form tho founda tion stones of true, popular and progressive government I RECEIVED my early educa tion In tho rural schools of my county; latpr I took a busi ness course at Cincinnati: and, still 1'ter, I took up my college work. When In collego I had the unique distinction of being tho president of tho society to which I belonged, the librarian and tho Janitor all at tho same time, In the preparation for my life work my road was not 8trewn with flowers, but by the sweat of my faco I earned my bread. THEREFORE I havo always been friendly to labor Its I F organizations. Its needs and its reasonable demands. Tho laborer is worthy of his hire. Tho man In the Bhop, at tho anvil, in tho mine, on tho farm all constitute the bono and sinew of this country. Thoro Is a dignity in labor, the con sciousness of which sweetens trials and smooths the rough places of life us tho toller struggles for su premacy among his fellows. HAVE served the public schools of my State for thirty-two consecutlvo years. within which time I had four charges, the last of which was tho superintend ence of the Lawrenceburg High School for twenty years. This ec ord speaks for Itself. To llvo among tho same people, to discipline, di rect and train their children for so many years Is an honor which comes only to a. few in a lifetime, a truo appreciation of which lan- pnage falls to express. OR SOME YEARS I havo had an aspiration to serve the causo of education In the ca pacity of Superintendent of Public Instruction. I have tried to crush that ambition, but, like Danquo's ghost, it will not down. If chosen, therefore, to lead the educational forces of tho Commonwealth, I pledge the saruo faithful, untiring and consecrated service which has marl.cd my official conduct In all of the enterprises with which I have been associated. AVINQ BEEN a member of the last General Assembly, closely allied with all edu cational problems picsented at that session for solution, I am inclined to believe that I am tho bettor pre pared because of that experience to grapplo with other problems which will naturally arise from new and changed conditions and to render valuablo assistance In their speedy enactment. N MY humble Judgment tho good roads problem lias mucn tn do with tho solution of one of tho most intricate and difficult school questions confronting the superintendents of the counties of this Commonwealth namoly the conduct and maintenance of tho country schools. It appears to mo Ithat, In a few years at best, by tho 'union of county, State .and Federal aid, the good roaas promem wn- do solved, the corollary of which will be tho organizations of consolidated schools with longer terms, bettor teachers and larger salaries. This its not the theory of some novice or the vision or some idle dreamer, but Jin many localities, ere long, It will he a living reality Other States hnc ' e-' thl '"onlm along this Una, Why not Kentucky? s H I 1 HEARTILY Indorse every means that In being used to remove Il literacy frftm Kentucky. I do not believe that tho educational forces of the State will test content until every blot Is removed and all tho citizens of tho Commonwealth can IntelJIgontly cast their ballots without the assistance of political tricksters and election officer. Tho" arousing of a public conscience to takp full and complete advantage of tho opportunities presented by our public Institutions and to preserve this sonllment at a normal equilib rium can bo accomplished only by tMs awHkenlng flrsc taking hold of tho minds, hearts and consciences of (""-- lepching force. RING THIS world tragedy, the most disastrous and de structive within the history of civilisation, I have undergone a change of mind and heart upon the ruftiago question. Woman has proven herse'f equal to "very emerg ency and condition, even under shell fire upon the batt'o fronts of Ku. ropo, with an unflinching determina tion and a heroism beautifully sub lime She constitutes the greater working force In our public school nvstem Why should she not be en tlt'eft to the full nnd complete prlv ''cs of citizenship? RCIAL TRAINING should be Inaugurated at once In the nrl marv grades of our miblic schools along the line of teiiipcrnnce nnd. abstinence from the iigo of narcotics The tendency among boys 10 apfl 12 years old 'to smukc clgar ettfs is becoming- a menace to our f utui e Htl7nshlp. It is proper for the State to paw legislation upon tho ti-mperstnce question, but It cinnot loiriHlite a Stat- or nation of sober peonle. Thin training must bcfrln verv c-iv In life anj bo continued until habits aro very thoioughly formpd "Vs tho twig is hunt the tree Ls Inclined." As a member of the lAEt Legislature I voted for the KuhmlsIon of a Stae-wldo amend ment upon tho temperance question, for the antl-Bhlpnliig bill and other tempernne legislation. Any FChool man vvnuld bo falsa to his profession If ho did not stand for tho highest i.--.ii in county, city or State. HE TIF several living s- es pressing their claims for solution upon tho county su perintendent and the rural teacher which sooner or later, must havo a satisfactory settlement vocal mu sic, elementary agriculture und home economlrs. But the most serious of all pnblems ls the deurtn of teach ers, poor salirles nnd delayed pnv mnts The Superintendent of Pub lic Instruction, as the guiding genius of the school forces of the State, must solvn these questions, cal ing Into conference tho verj brst thought of his associates. Al'NIFIDD school system, from tne kindergarten to the uni versity, each peifectly ar ticulating with Its related part, form ing one complete and connected whole, has made. In tho last fv years, an appreciable progress, but there are still some drfectM In the adjustment which must be brought Into harmonious action. IN THE early formation of this Republic, an eminent statesman declared, "Wo must educate, w must educate, or wf win perish by our own prosperity." If that doc trine was true then, It is doubly trup in this the morning twilight of tho Twentieth century. The world has passed through the fiery furnace of trial and affliction Jn tne final adjustment, social, moral, civic nnd economic problems will press their claims for solution. It i not un reasonable to believe that the edu cational machinery in some deport ments will also need readjustment to meet the, domands of new nnd rapidly changing conditions. IN CONCLUSION, if tho people ut Kentucky, out of the abundance of their generosity and gracious ness. should honor mo with the nom ination for Superintendent of Public Instruction, I renow my vows for an honest, faithful, consecrated and ef ficient service. I NOW commit my destiny into their hands, with an abiding fullh in their fairness nnd Jus tice, and confidently await their fi nal verdict. Most respectfully H. V. BELL, Lawrenceburg, Kentucky. January 1 1919. . rr-v(A4vcrUsemeat, , Tnni sue C.1 DEATH NOTIGE Monument. February 1 to 8. 1919. the most memorable week In tho history of our beloved auxiliary." Monuments to the memory of liAXEK Wednesday, departed heroes are tho Immortal legacies bequeathed to future gen erations; they are the silent foot prints of history upon the pages of time. Iilke the songs of a coun try they are a part of the life of a peopl. The Nuns of the Battle field are the Immortal heroines ol the civil war in America, and the passage of the resolution for, the erection of a memorial to them was a wholesome and lasting expression ot a people's gratitude, belated January 1. 1919, at 10:45 a. m... Florenee Gay Layer, beloved wife of Aug ust Layer, age twenty-eight years. Funoral from the residence of hor mother, Mrs. Clara McFar land Gay Sleberz, 901 Franklin street, Saturday morning at 8:39 and from St. Michael's church at 9 o'clock. Interment in Cave Hill cemetery. though it was, for their deeds of self-sacrifice and devotion.