OCR Interpretation

Kentucky Irish American. (Louisville, Ky.) 1898-1968, February 01, 1919, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069180/1919-02-01/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

-.?, 2
& x&aBtiaKmmmJk
Fer AnytMns Yob May Nwd li
32a W. Market St.
Both PbflMt 432 UulniUf, Ky.
People Have Never Relinquished
Their Claims for Sov
ereign State.
Tlirco Times' As Largo As Belgium
or Hollnud and Revenues
Triply Large.
Contributed 500,000 Nntlvc-Born
Irishmen to Annies of
Prof. Thomas Lonorgan,. tho
noted Irish scholar and patrlotdis
cusses Ireland's claim to independ
ence in tho following articlo:
The people of Ireland have never
relinquished their claim for sep
arate nationhood. Tho hour has
struck for the completo freedom and
independence of Ireland. The Irish
Parliament, representing 80 per
cent, of tho Irish people, held its
first session the other day in Dub
lin, and among tho representatives ! 0f the Allies. Fully 500,000 native
were two Unionists or Orange mem- born Irishmen from Ireland,
bers from Belfast. Thirty-four of Britain, Canada, Australia, South
wo tueuiou mvmuvia uiu mm iu i
English jails. Tho principal Items
were the declaration of Irish inde
pendence, an address to tho freo
nations of tho world and tho elec
tion of delegates to the Peace Con
ference; all were adopted unani
mously. In the words of President Wil
son, "No people must be forced I
under a sovereignty under which It
does not wish to live."
It was tho Declaration of Ameri
can Independence that carried the
Qrst gleam of hopo to the oppressed
people of Ireland, and it was tho
success of the American Revolution
that gave hope and inspiration to
Grattan and tho Irish volunteers
and fired the genius and sustained
the heroism of Wolfe Tone and the
Dnlted Irishmen. The Continental
Congress sent an address to tho
people of Ireland in May, 1775, ex
plaining the motives and objects of
tho American rebels in rising In
revolt against tho socailed mother
.country. Three lame objections
...Juve, beea raised against the free-
tfHH ma iMMieaiHiAJiajjuaHK MJLiaajjjjLJMaB'jam
'-tV9 H -WT T ,"rT"' ' ' "" c' HrHsflWPIR
First "The Irish do not -agree
mong themselves." Neither do any
other people. Do tne American
people agree on any political Issue?
During the Revolutionary war fully
one-third of tho colonists were
Tories and Loyalists, and 60,000. of
them fought against their country
men, and another third was neutral
or Indifferent.
Second "Tho Irish aro incapable
of self-government," and yet Ire
land has produced a large number
of eminent legislators and states
men within tho past two centuries.
First and foremost was Edmund
- Burke, tho greatest political phil
osopher and statesman of modern
times. According to Wendell Phil
lips, Burke was more than Cicero
In tho Senate, almost Plato In tho
Academy. Next were George Can
Ding and Richard Brlnsley Sheri
dan, all three Ireland gave to Eng
land. Henry Grattan, Lord
Plunkett, John Phllpot Curran,
Daniel O'Connell and Charles Stew
art Parnell were leaders and states
men of a very high order. During
the last century somo of tho great
est statesmen that flourished in
Canada and Australia were Irish,
and since tho organization of our
own Federal Government ten of our
Presidents were of Irish blood and
a large number of Governors,
United States Senators, Congress
men and Mayors of great cltle3
were Irish by birth or extraction.
Third "Ireland is too small and
too noor to bo an independent
-State." Well, Ireland is three times
as largo as Belgium or Holland, and
twice as largo as Switzerland or
Denmark, and larger than five of
tho six New England States com
bined. The year before tho Euro
pean war began the revenue of
Switzerland was $15,000,000, while
the revenue of Ireland was
J53.000.000, and the revenue of
Ireland for the year 1918 was
S1BO.000.000. The population of
freland is lamer than that of,
Switzerland or Denmark, and the .
natural resources of Ireland are
greater than those of Switzerland
and Holland combined.
Tho value of trade between Great
Britain and Ireland during tho year
oeforo the war was greater than
tho value of trade Detween Great
Britain and France and Germany
combined, and as much as between
Great Britain and the United States
In tho year 1912. Ireland is the
only country in Europe that de
creased in population within the
past seventy years. Tho population
of Ireland in 1845 was 8,500,000,
today it is about 4,250,000, which
In Itself is a strong Indictment
against British rule in Ireland. The
Ulstor question so-called in the last
analysis Is an economic problem.
Religion does not enter into the
Irish question, which Is a national,
political and economic problem.
During the past seventy years
over 2.000,000 of the Irish people
have died of hunger and pestilence,
3,500,000 were evicted from their
homes and 4,000,000 were forced
to emigrate .to seek a livelihood in
foreign countries denied them ..In
the. land of their birth. If Ireland
we free and Independent like
Switzerland or Holland she could
support in comfort and plenty five
times her present population.
Ireland has contributed more
thaa her share to the man power
President Wilson proceeded by Mrs. Wilson, leaving tho French Acad-'
ay in Paris immediately after tho installation of Marshal Joffro as"
an "Immortal."
Africa and Now Zealand loucht in
tho British armies. During the first
year of tho European war IT) 0,0 00
of those were killed in action. Somo
regiments were practically wiped
We hope and expect that a league
- u ,m , -t,u,r.A
the Peace Conference, which will tho Government will then ontor catering to 'tho local Republican ad- chance to sleep and bo a big sav
carry with it tho freedom of tho upon will prove far longer than tho ministration by refusing to publish ing In ammunition. It wouldn t be
Las and self-determination. Unless tiail made famous by John Me- criticism ofi the misfit police and a bad idea to give the comedy po
Ireland is included in that league Cormack and tho phonograph, and fire departments, and It is known Hce blank cartridges, as they are
it will nrova a failure and tho infinitely more thorny. For at that the Bingham papers have pur- usually shooting at nothing in par
millions of lives lost will' have been cst a generation the Gov6rnment posely refused to publish stories ticular and may hit some innocent
lost in vain lias Deen trying to convince tho that would. reflect on the local ad- person. Last Saturday night was a
I myself havo supreme confidence simple denizens of the Southern ministration- Tho Times has gono feature night with the department
in thn noiltlni sitraoltv the sterllne mountains, and somo not quite so Into ecstasies over Davo Rose's civic and tho boys did themselves proud.
hoWv - Md l the rSihr ideals of slmplo on the Bowery, that it is center, which tho Post said was tho One who hates to see July 1 roll
President Wilson, who is today the naughty to make corn whiskey silliest of te silly, and despite the around and was taking advantage
recognized leader of universal
democracy and tho greatest figure
In International politics. It is our
duty and tho duty of every good
American citizen to uphold tho
hands of our illustrious President
In this great crisis of suffering hu
manity, ITOCIjimjBANQl
TSe1arto?lilterary Club, oFlfwr
Albany, celebrated its sixth anni
versary with an elaborate banquet
at the Tavern, at which Mrs. S. J.
Gardner gracefully presided as
toastmlstress. Toasts were respond
ed to in proso and verse, covering a
wide range of subjects, including
Pope Benedict and President Wil
son. Those present were Mrs. Ed
ward Vernia, of Belford; Mesdames
S. J. Gardner, Anderson G. Moore,
Edward J. Hackett, Charles Goh
mann, James Cox, John A. Cody,
William J. Recoveur, James Russell,
William P. Stein, J. Otto Endrls,
Sr John Horn, Mllllo Thomas,
Bernard Mulloy, L. O. English;
Misses Mary Kelly, Agatha Schaefor,
Mary Egan, Mayme Russoll, Eliza
beth Kelly, Genevieve Vernia and
Emily Lyons. This week's meeting
of the club was held at the homo
of Miss Emily Lyons.
Cardinal Gibbons, in a statement
issued recently, makes a plea that
wine may be obtained for sacra
mental purposes:
"Wo have 20,000 Catholic clergy
men in tho United States who every
day offer tho sacrament of the mass.
How" can they perform this duty if
they can not obtain wine? I know
I will be replied to that wine is
permitted for sacramental purposes.
I' can not see how this will be if
the manufacture, sale and Importa
tion of wine is prohibited. The law
of prohibition strikes tho individual
liberty of worship. Moreover, in
tho carrying out of the law I also
see an invasion of the home, which
up to now all men have agreed is a
sacred and holy place."
tnoio ot Lrtwii 'j. ixnH.y, ivuneiau
- A a T fV1YA T a.A(BK
i-rwium iv w uovinu muinu
dictator, according to Petrogrsd ad-
4?T3uakkkkHkHyUtiW''' y
IMBHkkHr' " ' ilkkkm
"kkK":? , - k. T v'1.kV
aaaaaaaBr -! ., - x ??aaaaaF, .,
UlimsL- iHWaHklkkT
w J? .saw?. ' f lkB m
kEsjl ihH 'aHkV -.kH
mKMKm ' jW' " :1H
Tho nniiHMnno iinm foonofi thnir
- .....I l -.-,. -j . .t.
on,,nr: u . h rfrv with tho
country is to be dry. With the
adoption of tho Federal amendment,
and that unfortunate day
dawned, tho United States will be-
gin the work of giving that flat its
infonrfori Affoct Thn Tvntti whfnh
wl"JOU' iei-uusHm u uiii6-
ton. One has only to visit a South-
ein city on Federal court day to
onscrvo mourntimy mat a uovern-
ment which coma conquer tne
.ivaiser nas iaueu u uinuiudi'i uie
When our Prohiomonist nretnren
nave nnaiiy uaDeuaeu in ieuerai
legislation tnwr piana to regen-
merit'ehunt for. the minor demons,
uwr aim wjuo, nut uo . owiiura
tTom tho Southern mountains to tho
onttrfi eountrv. PoasiblV "concur-
rent jurisdiction'
" --- .r. - ..--. .
jtlon will make tho
hunt anoro
successim. '"
Ever since our remote
Isc?ITJiL SJn n?ll
wtiiKwiut. ub m"
nm.lri li mnrin tram fhft fruit of tho
vino men havo used stimulants ot
vumii n. ....x.v ... i...w k.v.v w. v..v
ono kind or another. The desire
um, .imi vi uiiuLuoi. "r
wmon urn ieu to tneir use, ana nas
retained them, still; remains It will
uvi uo ucauwjrcu. iii bcuwitii.w
or in ono hundred, even by an
amendment to tho constitution of
TInltwl HtntoM. As often aa
wuvw Ww. --
unco' good,
H4 nUiin1n r.
" .." 5"r ... A"r". . .:.
fPve nain to all their neighbors"
tivo pain to an tneir netgnDors,
erynTitVa Wfor
rtrtiir f.ir.torv and a. tramins
school for Pharisees.
Tho Prohibition amendment nro-
poses to take away and give noth-
in in return: to destroy an appe-
tlto that probably has existed sinco
the fall of man. It seems to havo
undertaken a task to which Al-
mighty God alone is equal, and then
only, as far as w know, hy remaK-
Ing man. Mrs. Partington, in all
good faith and undeniable diligence,
set out to conquor tho tides with a
broom. She might quite as well
havo determined to check tho pro-
cession of the equinoxes. Law Is
a good broom; it can do many
things, but it can not destroy a
Physical craving. Tne Dest xne
law can uo is to Keep xnai craving
within bounds, and then watch the
bounds to seo that It does not .break
out into undeniably evil fields.
With the motives and mentality
even of such eminent Prohibition-
ists as Sidney Catts, of Florida,
who brackets convents with dens of
vice, no present issue Is raised. But
t Is imperative to note that tho
latest phases of the Prohibitionist
campaign aro rank with tho slimo
and rottenness of Pharisaism. In
the name of decency, and K wo
mva nnv lnvA for our ftonntrv. let
. , "" ;:' ii," Kit.iir
us cut loose from tho blinding.
f,lify !Si,n ,i? J. ,ni
tt ll h0JSSL f h.liUhn
?n ?!, fiia n?gnn nJ ?Zin
thn Af.w?i nnfrt Srio mZ,
S, e,Cal,,adtl"gIS,,rS
work and to satisfy their legitimate
appetites without finding in any of
nV 4,. - i i. f
excluded, a yawning pitfall of
and Mrs. John P. Coumoy
nr their
announce the marriage
r."l,w -i.f8..;. ,.8"' S.i.J..t
rtmichtAr Mlaa Tjinna Tlorothv TJnnh uuuwiuuuiei, no ui duo uauiue iui an emmeu man w uu.j, -.-., ..
of Bnftalo N Y fSmerly o Lilsl nelP. In the excitement thinking we by steady promotion arose from
.f.."ureAI(Vl A"i.orm.e"y l.?lU?: hart ra.1 nollce. Then the Kev- tho ranks. Prior to his enlistment
at ; t 'Jph'8thed7al of that out their revolver., shoot at the the practice" of law In the Inter
city In 4e nrefenw of the tvfo im- electric light or any old thing, Southern building, where he will
mediate farrJUeT The bride wo warning the burglar to be on his now resume his former vocation.
a midnight blue taJlored suit of way. Nightly this scene Is repeated,
duvetyn trimmed In beaver 'with a the street car police coming In on
small dark Muo hat of taffeta tlk. the blewiel blewiel part. orae un-Her-
coraasfe bouquet wa ot mauve appreciative taxpayers being unkind
orchids and Hues
nr , oii.i,r
,i iLr nav, irt imnnutiAw
ftfter the ceremony for New York.
wiierft uiey win remain a snontn.
After Maroh 1 hy wll be at ho
'a HI SU- T.aiia nlaiu AnMatn
'at 134 St. James place, Buffalo.
Inquiring Why Bingham Papers Are
Aiding tho Republican
Heal Mayor Searcy Makes Sweeping
Changed On Ills Exccu-
tlve Boards.
Keystone Police Protest Against
Burglars Working All
Night Long.
BURLINGAME -deputy jiayor.
The series of attacks on Gov.
Stanley in tjie Courier-Journal and
the attempt to belittle his admin
istration has again revived tho
rumor that. A. T. 'Hert, the State
Republican leader, is associated
with Mr. Bingham in the purchase
of the Courier-Journal and Times,
ant ino coursQ 01 xnose papers
are bent only on makine camDaiKn
' VriM AK,hLlBT
coming Governor's race. Gov.
Stanley wasfchosen by tho people of
Kentucky tcbrepresent them in the
United States Senate for six years
and his Daftlon record Is not an
Issiin at thi time. Tho ntbiolr on
"" Goveruorr can only be construed j
ag an attac$ on the Democratic ad-'
ministration and many Democrats
say that anexpianatlon is due from
the CouriewJoumal.
Local Demo-
orats for Some time
have been
awaro that fboth these Daners were
uwim epiumuiu ot uurgianes anu
crime com,:to tho bat every day
with a pict;
b of Cant. Zeke Tucker,
who Is rtoi:
rwn4erful work on the
H pst experience
as a consi
Hi Hiller,
t'SOotink, or Lieut,
a. a, Batttnu born
m'ttdtrt s
a, street-
TtraT 'inw'-TC 'XsZtitti?,' ".?
ono dizzy whirl at tho City Halt '
th -BoitniiTja m the executive
DoaruB anu .police and fire depart-
. m ct it. t
IIIHI1LH. lilll'H. iKtLlt'.V. "LllH IKiLl
Mayor has Bhlfted and changed
nointees on the Board of Safety so
pointees on the Board of Safety so
often Jn the past week that near
Mayor Smith is in a daze over the ,
... -. .-
.i.i nA .unn.nn n m f i w hn.riui
tJi-,- tMm ,, t' ,, . ny,Ba
win flnlloint next. Paul Burllneame. i
alrman of tho Boardpftrtner did. I
e Y,as been selected to takdBut the prize story is the one ol
chariro ot tne Board of Safety aiufyDetectives Long and ueiss, wno
ggfBJj" affairs in genera? Kent out to rild gambling games
"f "a", "'A"1 a. '",.?. 4lJZ. ,, r,n,i rnnhin hv eettlnir out or
" " " mo wi.mii, ui uoprnj
r J.-, r (?... .t ..tn t.v.m
ULH.YUI LU 1U1 . k3ail!l JJUU13 JU1 II-
Ron nnd hla associates were not
making much speed In handling the
jipnirtnnntH -Slow-
filofiai? o'ffscandafsTo
nron n,it en nriinramp. who is n.
lat the police and firemen will
vo mepuujicau jiihi, uuu tuuuuui
t,i iV.v ttAHAflt .
Republican administration and tho
Republican machine. None others
need apply.
Like Tobo Hert, the big Repubii-
can boss, the new Chairman of tho
Board of safety also comes from
Indiana. It is rumored that Searcy
and uuriingame are paving tne way
for Chief Petty or Davy Rose as our
next Mayor, and to that end tho
Deputy Mayor threw a .bomb in the
path of Sheriff Ross, who was
showing considerable strength,
There Is war on between the City
Hall and Court House and Ross's
friends claim that Burllngame tried
to squelch Ross by giving the story
t0 the press of Ross charging rent
f0r tho chair used by the ladie3
(Ming out draft cards.
it is said one of the board's flr3t
official acts will "be to " decapltato
Capt, Smyser, a close friend of
gherlff Ross, and Chief Petty will
approve of this, as Jie wants to get
oven wlth tho sheriff for trying to
Bhovv. up the pollco recenti7 by
ramJng a gambling game. Ross's
Meniig ay he wants to meet Petty,
Roso or Burllngame In an election
before the people as ho wnl maka
. .. . ... ..
mem iook -iuco selling piaiers.
Intensely jealous of the "hick"'
fire department, who received quite
a world of advertisement last week
'or not putting out fires, the. old
Keystone police boys came to tho
front this week with a series of
fy . J1!,,?0"
iuv,, ""?' m," " 6,,,
holdup men played quite a
prominent fiart, and in every part of
III tY 14 11IC 04q UiU ObUUW TTHQ J
oeated. Along with the army of
professional crooks In our midst
there aro some amateur burglars,
and they in several instances
bungled the Job and frightened the
tonors annear on the scene. Jerk
enoueh to say that in all the awful
ltt of bnrelarles they surely ouatht
i - i .. 1 T. tfk V
caion oh unce iu wuue. may-
i"y r ", " "
blind or rippled mm, seeing the
lHnrtl IkrONUMMB Ot BUrBlary
St! h - h -Vs- ' i
54 L; 1 M t
.r. nr
' . . . 'vww . .v. ;
nawv . iii i iniiiiiiiiiMi a m m.h.iximriL'"jri.XTiKL.'msxi-i7
kkHkkB, - ;M "TT T "' WHniWMfflnll Ti fHlkWWMMlkMkkM '
HkkkHBkWt -..j.'jai ILl&VkSBBHBSniklkHHikkH '
' L. "F" Jim. 1
":i i p ' vr;lf; -.'2
; :; ;: r- " : . . -"i !
''.-'-', "" ' - ,v i
ll ii" -ii" in inv ..,; intltl
Photo from Europe showing revolutionary soldiers keeping crowd In
check during a meeting of the revolutionists in front of tho Berlin
Imperial Palace. Photo shows Ger
front wearing his steel helmet.
I here, will enter tho field and give
the Keystone police an opportunity
to redeem themselves.
This past week tho Keystoners
were told to keep people off the
streets after 1 a. m., notifying tho
ourgmrs mui xney must Keep umun
nours anu nnisn tneir laDors Dy
that time. This will givo tho Key
stoners anu citizens
both a better
"i ? nn iiewuu iv ""''"
at Second and Liberty and told him
ho was going to lock him up for
being drunk. The citizen naturally
became indignant and saw tne snoe
was on tne tuner toot tnai mo
Keysioner was soiwea. -usiw nu
lattice, flu rjumpsea, m aiwr ,
r'DlnlgSielfta, awme mea. euymiuB inj
fUtiaf mHomntPiT in arfcit'iivnekro
wife beater. Law arid justice fin-
isnea a nau secona in una meiautu,
as the colored Republican took the
irni..inri.D nlotnl tmrav from him
ap-'and threw him out. This is a fact,
IVOJOWHi i.mvw v. ii ..- .
but it won't appear in jacis. u
but it won't appear in "Facts." in
tho Seventh district the patrol was
called to bring a soused Keystoner
.. , . v., -i- in
'hiHronort said he didn't understand I
rn ino fifii.'i iiiiii inn iiiiiLuci ill
iScase as he drank every tlmo his
..-- - a",Zr. .7
(ha t riic3iTirtr i Tnnr
UltA .Ofcv. wt'
Drotested against detectives maKing
raids in his district, which is a tip
for camblers or other offenders,
KeSK Perfom In one district
and make their getaway into an - -
other strict." In a d n an-
umc uio.uv. .., Vwr -.----
nnrnlorl firm thn itnfr liniOrLllrltiies
locked up, which will encourage op
fenders to register Hepumican nex.
Itlme. Hero's another showing the
diplomatic tactics 01 our iwWu
police. A woman was seriously iu
wun innuenza ou ii.B"." ow..,
near Walnut. A comeuy cop ap-
peareu wun mo -,, " YCl
nurse answered his call at tne
front door and tne Keystoner
blurted out: "Has she got that ere
newmony?" The nurse put ner
fingers to her lips and said: S n,
b h, the patient will ".far you;
she's In the tront room. oia-
Ing daunted the Keystoner b"u
said wun a wise uir, " "
got mat ere nowmuu,, o.ioo
goner, alright." Some diplomat.
I Going the rounds of the press just
now is the following pleasing ref-
erenco to the school for chaplains
that was until recently conducted
"Louisville enjoyed the dlstlnc-
tion of having at its nearby can-
tonment of Zachary Taylor tho only
cnapiains' miltiary training school
. r. i m.iH nM !. .rrtrifi
m tne unueu. oiuiea m n.o "-
The priests of the. school, during its
several terms, numbered generally
considerably over 100. and they
were a splendid body of priests,
learned, self-sacrificing and zealous,
an honor to any army and country.
,QDd an honor to the cnurcn.
First Lieut. Frank J. Dougherty,
ROn of Mr. and Mrs. Michael
nnnphortv. has returned to Louis-
vllle, having received his discharge
ot enmn Johnston, monua. uiem.
Dougherty entered tho service as
Lieut. Doutrhorty was engaged in
BVank Bundschu. the first
Rnlehta of Columbus Secretary to
en to Ehirona. arrived at New York
Ttf. .1..1a mh ) InAlin n
on weuawwayi uuwowftiu 'wuuu.
uuiiu u oo n. ' "j ri'rw ii n M!ntetr of War to
n Burope he sent many, interesting, try J atavv nSSThita
IfrftftTa Home.
f ? i '"" v"f ' --- S
. .?
man soldier just returned from tho
In many places today tho right
of the child to a Christian education
Is brought into conflict with tho
theory of an omnipotent State. Wo
havo just passed through a crisis
that endangered our national life.
Patriotism was made tho supremo
test of everything. Catholics mot
that test magnificently. They dem
onstrated conclusively that patriot
Ism is tho splendid result of Chris
tian education. Nevertheless there
.aro those who would Insist that
patriotism can ho promoted only
through Stato absolutism. They
forget that wa havo just waged a
war to secure liberty as against a
government that made absolutism
ono of its cardinal principles.
Tho omnipotent Stato was tho
pet theory of Prussian junkerdom
that led Germany to destruction.
And wo must bo on our guard lost
tho same false theory bring disaster,
upon our own country. Patriotism J
does not consist in denying liberty
of- fducaUoa and in giving the state
M9opaly of lasrtruoUoo. That
wilt Make serfs and not patriot.-
:k;bouTni ana strong, patrloetami
llglon therefore is -itsjnosfpower
tul incentive. Base patriotism on
raero sentimentality and it crumbles
to pieces Jtt Um& ot stress. Base it
,. m... i.i..ii j i i
u lllll OU1LU U.UBU1 U L1S111 UUU 11. Uli'
comes mero cringing servitude if It
aoes not degenerate into rank
d0es not
collision 1
Thero can bo no
between religion and duty
. i - ..
m pmiTiTrv 5. in riT. it n rrnn imnni.
Tho f!n.thoHo nhiirch haa alwava
taught that tho duty to country Is
next only to duty to God. Tho
church also insists on tho right of
tno child to a Christian education,
No Stato can take away or abridge
that rlcht without violating tho
most sacred duty that God has ira-
- "j i. .u.i n"j T" ."
posea upon parents, -rnai auty om-
braces the right to choose a Chris-
tlan education for their children In
order that they ay be 'Prepared for
their purpose in life. To tako away
that right is tyranny of tho worst
kind. To take It away in tho
name of liberty Is sheer hypocrisy.
Tho State has the right to see
that children receive an education
to fit them for citizenship. To deny
to parents tho right to give their
children a Christian education is
to destroy truo liberty. We have
Been enough of tho dlro results of
Stato absolutism in Germany. Lot
us havo none of it in America. We
worship here at tho shrlno of lib
erty, not tyranny. And our motto
Is "Our liberties wo prize and our
rights wo will maintain at any
Tna pnch Government has con-
f erred on Bishop Shahan, rector of
j.the Catholic University, tho decora
tion of an officer of tho Legion of
Honor for his Services during tho
First photo to arrive In this coua-
v"' -vw-w ... ..--..
I. VI ii I mmmm - .1 IIU'I1"". '. 'i'J in
'jflSHkaHkkkHftk -BaaaaaaaaaajaaKaaaEiaacssEu.
. ' aaaBL
BBBBBBBSnnnfMajp. "'lH
fife m
jakHkESliHMu.tt. '
' .
- m: -J,v--'vS'5i-.t- '
Uvcty Driver an ItscotU
UuiJYilla Cartfaes & Taxlcab Co.
Incidents From tho Stnigglcs of tlio
Catholic Church Against
Data From tho Vnx'ious Writings of
. Englnnd's Great Car
dinal Manning.
Goes Back to tho Days Before
Magna Charta and Oath
of Rulers.
Recently writers in the Atlantic
Monthly, the New Republic and tho.
Open Court, In articles referring
partly to the need of a sort of re
construction on tho part ot the
churches, and partly to "Religion
and Democracy," have preferred tho
charge against the churches (in
cluding tho Catholic church) that
they havo been remiss in their duty
as protectors of religious authority
against tho domination of political
authority, and in their obligations
toward the people as against the
encroachments of secular power and
becular thought.
Wo havo previously pointed out
that tho Catholic church did not
tllently and passively Bubrolt to the
overbearing policies of absolutism
as against the rights of religion and
tho rights of tho people. Tho Rus
sian anarchist Prince Kropotkin was
quoted to show In what manner and
to what degree Bishops of the church
championed, when they wero not
bound hand and foot, the cause of
the liberties of the church and ot
the people. Cardinal Manning also
supplies arguments and data on this
same subject. Ho also discusses
In his able manner and style tho
long strugglo between "Caesaristn
and Ultramontanlsm," and between
Caesarism or absolutism and the
people's rights. In his "Miscel
lanies" we find various references
to this subject, which it might be
well for somo of tho critics of the?
church to peruse.
Tho discussion of principles In
"Oaesarisn and Ultramonianlflin" Is
both interesting and valuable. Vor
the present, however, a reference
to Manning's essay en. "The Pope
and the Magna Charta" may suffice..
ITfthttf way MMr lflg tltij
iwuooMi ine .rows; reM7.5-TTuo
document, and In doing o prefac&J
his remarks by some Illustrations
from history, showing tho generous
support given by the church to the
cause of tho people. In this con
nection he quotes from Stubb's
Documents: "From tho beginning of
the thirteenth century the strugglo
(in England) is between the barons,
clergy and people on ono side, and
the King and hla personal partisans,
English and foreign, on tho other.
The barons and prelates who drew
up tho charter were tho sons of the
ministerial nobles of Henry II., tho
Imitators of S. Anselm and S. Hugh,
of Henry of Winchester and Thomas
of Canterbury." And again, quot
ing from Stubbs, ho says: ". . .No
division pf tho clergy ever sympa
thized with tho feudal party," 1. e.,
against the Interests of the people.
Tho Cardinal, to illustrate the at
titude of tho representatives of tho
church toward tho people, goes back
to the days before Magna Charta
and points out that tho coronation
oath of tho rulers, which was
pledged to a representative ot tho
church, contained guarantees ot
popular rights and the rights of the
church. "The laws and liberties of
England," wo read, "wore guaran
teed by the coronation oaths of ev
ery sovereign. Saxon and Dane
alike swore to preserve them. Will
iam the Conqueror and his success
ors In like manner bound them
selves by their coronation oath to
respect them."
Tho fact that tha Kings did not
llvo up to their oath provoked oppo
sition by tho church and the people.
"The conflict," Manning continues,
"between traditional liberties and
royal customs, which began before
the conquest, became sharper and
less tolerable after tho conquest.
Tho rule of. our foreign Kings was
especially despotic, and under them
tho conflict between legal rights
and royal usages brought on tho
conflict of St. Anselm with Henry
I., and tho martyrdom of St, Thomas
of Canterbury under Henry H."
And lest it ba thought that tho lib
erties for which these churchmen
fought against despotic rulers were
purely secular or purely ecclesiasti
cal, wo append Cardinal Manning's
classification ot them. "These laws
and liberties," ho writes, "may be
divided and classed under two heads,
first tho liberties of tho church, in
Its tribunals, goods, appeals and
elections, and secondly tho liberties
of the people In respect to inherit
ance, taxation, military service and
tho like."
These facts servo well to show
tho position of tho church toward
unduo encroachments of tho political
authority upon the domain of hor
rights and those of the people. It
today sho Is less able to effectively
resent such encroachments it is
surely not the province of tho30 wh6
havo consistently striven to weaken.
her influence to accuse her of not
opposing with sufficient strength the
"concentration ot power" in the
hands of certain men and classes,
and the subordination of religious
to political authority. Fairness
should prompt those critics, if they
aro well intentioned, rather to take
tho other side of the argument.
C. B. of O. V.
Tomorrow is Candlemas day,
whea all should secure a blessed
w 1

xml | txt