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mMNMRVATKNSTMC hrAqrttef THMijIiMdh HARDWARE KXRT Ml HIRDWARt CO. 33a W. Market St. Mh fttm 432 Lwbrtto, Kf. KENTUCKY PH9NE: HOMC M MMK Rrery Drlrer aa Escort LoilsfWa TaiktIK TriMftf Incorporate LOUISVILLE, SATURDAY, JULY 10, 1920. ' PRICE FIVE CENTS. VOLUME XLV.-NO. 2. W' ;:t JL1VIi3Jj. American 600 IRELAND Proposed Parliamentary Measure Would Mako Erin Dominion Liko. Canada. Introduced by Lord Montenglo and Passes First Heading Without Debate. Provides For Complete Independence With Exception Only of Formal Allegiance. TREATY ItlGHTS ARE GRANTED. Writing from London. K. Walter, correspondent of American papers, sends tho following, which has been overlooked or suppressed by the British press authorities: Ireland is declared a Dominion on a constitutional equality with Can ada, South Africa, Australia and Now Zealand in a parliamentary bill Introduced today In tho Houso of Lords. Tho bill passed its first reading without debate. This new factor In tho Irish situation Is said to bo tho result of negotiations be tween advocates of tho Dominion so lution with Sinn Felners on tho one hand and Ulstermen on tho other. Tho Government denies any knowl edge of these negotiations or of any Intention on tho part of tho Domln lonlsts to Introduce a bill. Tho measure was introduced In tho Lords privately by Lord Monteagle and Is said to have tho support of Lord Morris, tho Earl of FIngall, Lord Macdonell, Lord French and other peers, Vcsldes that ot s,r Horaco Plunkett and tho Irish Dominion League. Tho backers of it declare that they are assured of important Sinn Fein acceptance of tho measure and that Ulster leaders have shown conciliatory interest in it. 'iho bill provides for the complete inde pendence ot Ireland with tho excep tion of tho formal allegiance to tbo crown which is recognized by other dominions, and tho consequential reservations of the right to declare peace or war and tho strategic de fense of the British Isles. Fiscal independence is granted in full with tho right to mako commer cial treaties. Tho collection of taxes is entirely surrendered by the Brit ish Government, and in consequonco no Irish representatives will bo sent to tho Westminister Parliament. The Irish Government Is empowered to ralso Its own territorial forces for home defense or the maintenance of order In Ireland, but such forces shall in time or war bo uswl in con Junction with other British forces un der agreement between tho two gov ernments. Tho act of union is re pealed insofar as its provisions are inconsistent with this act Tho call ing of an Irish Constituent Assembly is provided for, to bo elected by the Irish people on a basis of propor tional representation. The Assem bly is given lull power to draw up a constitution for tho wholo of Ire land. This constitution will not bo Bubject to revision by tho British Parliament, but will go direct to the King for ratification in council. Tho Constituent Assembly must bo sum moned within one month after tho passing of the act, and the appoint ed day for the full establishment of tho Irish Dominion must not be less than three nor more than nine months after tho date of ratification. Tho Constituent Assembly Is rec ommended to make a liberal provi sion for tho safeguarding of all min orities in Ireland, such as tho setting up of a special state Legislature for Ulster under tho Dominion Parlia ment, and tho fears of Ulster aro fur thor considered by a provision that the Ulstor representatives may de mand a referendum on the constitu tion In tho six-county area which is given an entirely separate parliament In tho government's Irish bill. Tho first impression in the lobbies was that tho new bill is being produced in Jtho lords as a blocking measure to provent discussion of the Govern ment bill, but the known sincerity of Its sponsers makes it possible that that could bo their motive altho tho new Mil may get some support from others who would like at all costs to obstruct tho govornment measure. It Is not known at present when the bill will be brought up for its second reading. Tho Government naturally would not relish the dobafe of any other Irish measure in tho Upper House before tho peers considered tho official bill and tho government could presumably command a major ity in the Houso of Lords to post pone any further consideration of Lord Montoagle's bill. The govern ment bill, however. Is much disliked and for many different reasons. Also the Lords remember how they were treated by the Commons over tho last Irish bill and many peers would wel come tho situation which would be created if the Government bill could be kept out of tholr house by their lordships' previous engagement with a bill of their own. In tho recent County Council elec tion in Ireland tho Republican Gov ernment has opco more established tho unanimlyt of consent by which It ' rules. This is the statement made by tho Friends ot Irish Freedom Na tional Bureau of Information in making public tho final result ot the recent elections In Ireland. The statement points out that under the Bvstem of proportional representa tion now used in Ireland tho great est possible chanco da given to minorities to mako ithotr voice heard in all elections. Despite thht fact it J shown that the Republican. Gov ernment was unanimously supported fa three proviaeea ad made tre needoaa ata la Ulster. psa Fete earried every eoar Connacht, Lelnster and Munster, and in Ulster tho Unionists were successful in only Antrim, Armagji, Down and Derry, while tho other flvo counties in the Ulster Province tho Sinn Felnors aro now tho strong er in numhor. Practically every Poor Law Board and Rural District Council In Con nacht, Lelnster, Munator and In tho Ulster Counties of Cavan, Donegal and Monaghan has been won by Sinn Fein a majority of these bodies has been won in Fermanagh and Tyrone and several In 'tho other four counties. Out ot thirty-three County Councils Sinn Fein now con trols twenty-nine. la tho remaining four decided gains have been won from the Unionists. MOURNED BY MANY. The news of tho death of William Watts Barry last Friday night at Springflcld, Mo., came as a great shock to his Louisville friends and relatives. Ho was tho only son of Mr. and Mrs. William J. Barry, for merly of this city, but now residents of Kansas City, and was nineteen years of age. Away from homo on a vacation, he became suddenly 111, and was hurried to he nearest hospital at Springfield, where he died follow ing an operation for appendicitis. Watts Barry, as he was known to all, was a universal favorite, with a promising future in commercial and business life. The funeral took place at Kansas City Monday morning and the interment was at Mount Wash ington, Mo. Tho local friends of tho bereaved parents extend their heart felt sympathy. FRANKFORT. Mr. and Mrs. Michael Sullivan,, whoso marriage took place in Owens boro, aro now in New York after vis iting Niagara Falls, and are expected home about the 15th, as they will bo with Mr. Sullivan's mother, Mrs. James Sullivan. Miss Katherine Schenkle and W. Bernard Schroff were married Wed nesday afternoon at tho Good Shep herd rectory. Father John F. O'Dwyer performing the ceremony. Tho attendants were Mrs. Paul Mc Danlel, a sister of tho bride, and Paul Meagher. The 'bride was lovely in her white robe of georgette, beaded, and a picture hat of tho same ma terial, with a small wreath of pink roses for trimmings. She carried pink roses. After tho wedding Mr. and Mrs. Schroff were entertained with a reception In the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Schen kle, whore good wishes wore show ered on them, after which they left for tho East for a fortnight's stay. RECEPTION TO ARCHBISHOP. Arrangements aro being madt for tho reception of tho Archbishop of Melbourne who is expected to arrive in New York on Saturday, July 17. Accompanying His Grace is the Most Rev. Dr. Foley. Bishop of Ballarat. Victoria, Australia. Both reverend gentlemen will bo guests of Arch bishop Hayes during their stay In tho East. From hero it is stated they will proceed to Europe and thence to Rome. Archbishop Hayes has formed an arrangements' committee from tho pastors of tho Archdiocese with tho Vicar General, Right Rev. Msgr. Mooney, as Chairman and Rev. Fath er Thomas Thornton, of St. Colum bus' church, as Secretary. The ar rangements will Include a public re ception ot Most Rev. Dr. Mannlx in one of tho city theaters and a ban quet in honor of tho distinguished visitors by the priests of the May nooth Alumni Association of the United States. It is expected that on his return from San Francisco the Hon. Eamon Do Valora, President of tho Irish Republic, will moot Arch bishop Mannlx here and will partici pate in tho different public functions being arranged locally in honor of the Archbishop and his party. ORPHAN riCNIC. Monday evening at 8 o'clock the last meeting of the St. Joseph Or phan Society Picnic Committee will bo hold at St. Boniface Hall, when final arrangements will bo perfected for tho great picnic and outing to bo held on SL Joseph's Orphanage grounds on Tuesday, July 20. Pres ident John Tobo urges all Chairmen to be present and all friends ot the orphans who aro willing to help at tho picnic aro Invited to attend this meeting. Henry Bosse, Chairman of tho Button Committee, and his army of young ladles will' visit tho follow ing churches and hope to eeo every body tagged with a button: St. Bon iface, St. Martin's, St. Mary's, St. Anthony's, St. Peter's, St. Joseph's, St. Vincent de Paul, St. Elizabeth's, Holy Trinity, St. Francis of As3lsl, Holy Trinity of St. Matthews, St. Helen's, St. Denis and St. Edward's of Jeffersontown. APPOINTS FOR KENTUCKY. John J. Donovan, State Deputy of Kentucky, announces the following appointments: State Chaplain, Rev. James L. Gorey, Newport; State Lec turer, John D. Kearney, Newport; Stato Historian, C. A. Wells, Padu- cah; District Deputies Chas. H. Purdy, Covington; Thos. D. dines, Louisville; Frank L. McCarthy, Lex ington; La Vega Clements, Owens boro; VlctorL. Spalding, Unlontown; R. E. McNamara, Ellzabethtown. FATHER BREY'S JUBILEE. The Rev. Celestlno Brey, tho de voted and zealous pastor of. Holy Cross church, will on Wednesday, July 21, celebrate the silver jubilee of his ordination as a priest. vFlrlenda of tho good father among the clergy and laity am arranging to mako It ono ot tho city's, notable religious events, and Catholics throughout tho Louisville diocese win no much m forested in the celebration. FANS WAR FLAME. The Crose-Atlantic News Service cables that Sir Edward Caram'g let tec waminc ot the reorjraalaatkm ot the Water velunteew to leaked vqm They're lulling ,iuea and ometo4ppm hAmMIm OckiT mil i For the wearing o'the rett$lSl Mini 0 A l l 1 I DOES NOT iCT AUDIENCE. The persecution and reign of Beckham. in London as tho foreword to des perate flghtlngiln Ireland. It makes a far moro serious situation than if the Irish situation were loft to the British army of occupation and tho police. Tho feeling is so bitter be tween the Ulsterltes and tho Sinn Fein that It will tako but a spark to can so an explosion. CHURCH EXCURSION. t A I I -j& Mv nv.n.1 o I rt. . .. Vt O.QtAnMt?' er East St. Louis will bo given next Monday under tho auspices of St. Philip Nerl's church, and guests aro advised to bring their baskets. Boat Ipaves First street at 8:30 o'clock. A special feature of tho day will be a dancing school exhibition by Mlsa Allno Duckor's pupils as follows: Matilda Atkinson, Anna May Boyce, Virginia Bowman, Norma Lilly, Louiso Ratterman, Dorothy Wagner, Allno and Dorothy Young, Lillian Schroeder, Pauline Brown, Virginia and Mildred Lindermeyer,- Frances McGuire, Frances Boyce, Dorothy Reigel, Louiso Rusch, Helen Schmltt, Mary Troutman, Emily Tyree, Jos. Cromwell, Edward Check, George Relgol. PRIESTS REACH CHINA. News has just come tp . the Chinese Mission Society at Omaha that tho first of its nlneteen-twenty mission band, who loft Seattle ou May 25, havo reached China. They landed at Shanghai on June 19, when they began their Journey uip tho Yangtso river-for 600 miles, and reached their mission field at Han Yang on the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul. Rev. Edward J. Galvln, who was formerjy a priest in tho Dioccso ot Brooklyn and afterwards for many years a missionary in China, will direct tho activities of the society in its' new mission field. He will bo joined later on by fourteen other priests who will sail in Sep tember. ILVNDSOME MONUMENT. At the entrance to tho soldiers' cemetery at Fort Sheridan stands a handsome monument destined to preserve the memory of Right Rev. Monslgnor E. J. Vattman, the urst chaplain ot tho United States Army to attain the Tank of major. The dedication of tho monument was the occasion of an Impressive ceremony in which officers and soldiers of Fort BherMan as well as prominent Cath olic clergymen took part. The Rev. Julius DoVos, pastor of St. John Berchman's church, recited the com memorative prayer. Tho Right Rev. Mgr, Francis C. Kelly, President of the Catholic Church Extension Soci ety, recalled the sacrifices Father Vattman had made in tho service of the soldiers and sailors. The com manding officer ot Fort Sheridan praised Father Vattman's helpfulness to the men ot tho army and for his great influonco for good. TWIN CITY LEAGUE. TheKnlghts of St. John Club fur nlshe'd a surprise in tho Twin City League last Sunday by beating tho A. O. H. pennant contenders In a 7 to C contest, whllo the C. M. A. ad vanced a notch by securing a for feited game from Mackln, tho latter team being away on a picnic celebra tion. The St. X. retained their pen nant leading by capturing a game from the K. ot O, Tomorrow thoy play as follows: Knights of St, John vs. Mackln, C. M. A. vs. St. X. and K. of C. vs. Hibernlana CALLS IflBJUT WALSH. Dan Yalh. Jr., of New Albany, reserve 'First Lieutenant in the air Bervitee, bag cone to Scott iFleld, Belleville, 111,, where he has been ordered fer a egeetaJ flier' exawl-na- ; tkm terror in Irel '&V &$&& Chalrmaa Cites Searcy Forgets Tell How Hays Tried to Swipe Nomination. to Kcystono Polico Establish a World's Record la Quaker Mhld Robberies. COL. PETTY IS .IN OBLIVION. The nomination of Gov. Cox for President has served to rejuvonato the Democrats of Kentucky and they aro enthusiastic ovor the prospect of giving our neighbor a big majority in Novembor. The Kentucky Irish American can point -with pride to the fact that it was the only paper hero advocating an instructed delega tion for Gov. Cox, he being the logi cal candidate to win in November, and the argument advanced In favor ot n uninstructed delegation was on ly camouflage thrown out by Mc Adoo's friends and supporters hero led by Col. Jim Brown. Tho only other Democrat papor here", the Evening Post, was a supporter of McAdoo, while tho Hert organs, the Courier-Journal and Times, worked desperately to have tho Democratic convention break up in a tow. This tailing, the Blngham-Hert organs then tried to ersuade the delegates to bolt tholr instructions for Gov. Cox. It Is glad to note they failed. Senator Sam L. Robertson and his aides who made a flgtft In Jefferson county for Gov. Cox Instructions feel highly elated ovor tho result. Incidentally if you -want to get the "wrong" convention news read the Dlngham press. In tholr anxiety to boost Tobe Hert at Chicago tho Courier-Journal and Times correspond ents pretty near convinced their readers that Tobe would bo tho Re publican' PresWcRtial nominee and Howdy Ed Morrow tho Vice Presi dential nominee. Last Monday tho wise (?) Courier-Journal representa tive wrote that Gov. Cox was elimin ated. The same day ho was nomi nated. That tho Republicans are thrown into tho depths of gloom ds shown by the hurried up interviow ot Chair man Ches Searcy, who tolls the ma chine orcan, the Herald, that tho whole country is "sore because Tam many supported Ctox." You've got to hand It to Ches for "hearing from the wholo country In Jig time, some are mean enough to say that he gathered hi3 Information from the colored politicians in our Tentn ware. Wonder why Ches doesn't tell of tho attempted double cross at Chicago and tho tonse situation in the Repub lican camp. The story was published this week in the New York press of how Chairman Will H. Hays had plotted to be the nominee of the Chicago convention, double-crossing Gen. Wood, Lowden, Harding and the rest. Harry M. Daughorty. Harding's persoaal representative, discovered the plot and Boss Penrom came down on them, IJke & thuAAd brick. Wow Nominee Harding re futes to trust Hays and faaisUt oa Dausitertr bete bead of the earn ealm 'wwttWfe wWi Hay as a 1lap2:ft DEMMVTS Arc 23thsc4 '.!"" Selection 0f inoar 'Bki wmmmm9mpttturc- .jttJpnwiMr'' i ' evokes no sympathy from John Bull or (Senator figurehead. With Hays in the back ground his friend Tobo Hert will not get much assistance here in the way of a campaign barrel. No wonder Chairman jGhes is out with alibis this early' but ho should havo told us of the Daugherty-Hays row and how tho little Chairman had attempt ed to "swipe" the nomination.. In just one short week tho muni cipal market plan of our near Mayor has died, and following its. demise wcnFtnc"'-threatened prosecution of the fruit and produce dealers, who were alleged to havo been hoarding food. The dally press Informed us that near Mayor Smith told the com mittee of produce men that he wouldn't bo bluffed, etc., etc., and what he was going to do in the way of prosecution, etc., etc. But tho dally press never told us that tho produce mdn called his 'hand and called him strong, daring the near Mayor to do his worst. The spokes man didn't even designate him as "Mr. Mayor." but called him "Mr. Smith." and told him that nowspaper charges didn't go with them and they were ready for any old Investigation Smithy might start. They say tho near Mayor sputtered and sputtered, but you will notice there Is no more talk of the municipal market or tho food hoarding charges. In these days of record bi caking events wo just want to call attention to a record established by tho Louls vlllo Keystone police, and If any oth er city In the country or in the world can comparo with this record wo would like to have the claimant or claimants stop forward. This' is It: Tuesday morning the Quaker Maid grocery, ono of a chain of stores, lo cated at Second and Oak. was broken Into and robbed. The Polico Depart ment could not keep the robbery sp "eut;,a,.it,he T.11 ."'"'J'in their mad scramble for the things published tho Quaker 'Maid officials, said: "This was the slvty-fourtli robbery of our stores in the last two jears." And thby might have added that our Keystoners haven't even had a clue. Anyway that's a mark for all ot them to shoot at. Just think; an avoraEe of a Quaker Maid store robbery every eleven days. And on ly four weeks ago It was stated In theso columns that it appeared as If tho local colony of burglars wero rob bing this chain of stores in numeri cal order. Wo hnrdly think that Chief Petty will publish tho record In the Polico Bulletin, or that Ches Searcy will mention It In. his next Rub! lea t Ion of "Facts," tho nllbl book, ow will tho Hoard of Trade or good government clubs mention thnt. onp firm was robbed slxty-four times In two years. Babe Ruth's home run record pales In comparison with tho record of our Koystono police. Another little testimonial to our Joke police department is shown In the robbery of the J. L. Rlehm Piano Company at 659 Fourth avenue. Sun day afternoon some of our local safe crackers blow the piano company Bafe and got away with $600. This in broad daylight with hundreds of people passing, among tho passers being Keystoners. Tho day follow ing tho Police Department excused tho robbery by saying that the Key stoners had been called to a fire on Manstreet--na tho nasty, mean burglars had taken advantage of their absence. Becoming nettled at tho. excuse offered the burglars came back tho following night and broko Into 'the White sewing machine Com pany store, at 6G5 Fourth avenue, or just two doors away from their oth- nr fnh. Tim TTiv8tnne nollcn wero not pway at a ilro this time, and It is Uio pwoKs' turn to laugn at i'cttys l'o tlee Dfllletln. By tho way, what has become of our fchelbyvllle Chlot of Polico? The Herald used to run big pictures of Chief Petty and the overeeae eeaad, Chief on his black horse and so on, but now since the police turned out bo badly tho horse seems to bo on the Chief. We',11 say this, however. Ho worked overtime in the press trying to convincethe public that his moon light police school, his polico band (don't laugh) and' a lot of other fol do toIs were 'making real polico out ot tho job lot that had been shoved on him by the Hort-Searcy machine. But here it is two years and a half after Potty took hold, the moonlight Bchool is closed, the famous Kcystono polico band, consisting of a finished triangle player and a falr-to-mlddlln' git tar player, is disbanded, and all tho other little frills are missing. Anyway Col. Petty will remember that tho Kentucky Irish American warned him as a friend that "yap" motormen and conductors will never make real polico and now tho Chief has dropped from tho spotlight, real izing that ptcss "bunk" will not make police out of an aggregation of boll-clangers and rope-yankers. But cheer up, Chief. You have the fin est collection of Keystone police comedians in the country, not even barring tho movlo picture studios. Ono ot tho Kcystono polico ma chines crashed Into a grocery man's truck tho other clay, this accident being only one ot a long and un ending series In which our Key stoners find that tho Fords and polico cars nro unlike tho cars they formerly" handled, which ran on a track with trolley overhead. After nearly killing the grocor and ruin ing his goods tho Indignant Key Rtonors locked him up for being In tholr way. Wonder they didn't pounce on him as they do in the movies and beat him with bladders and slapsticks. Two of the police In the same district picked up a young fellow that escaped from jail but were not sure of their quarry. Finally ono of them looked In the prisoner's hat and takl, "No, Ezra, this ain't tho feller, ns he's got his namo in hyar, and his name Is J. B. Stetson." And the taxpayers ipay theso birds $4 a day. FATHER AUER'S .lUBTLEE. The twenty-fifth anniversary ot tho ordination of Rev. Father Oderic Auct as a priest of the Franciscan order was celebrated with great splendor and religious ceremony on Monday at St. Anthony's church, Joffersonvllle, ot which he is tho honored pastor. The services began with first mass at G o'clock by Fath er Fridolln Stauble, Indianapolis; second mass at 8 o'clock by Father Isadoro Rafferty, Louisville; silver jubilee celebration, with procession at 9:30 o'clock, followed by the third and last mass by Father Auer. Thlsi was followed by solemn bene diction. At tho Jublleo celebration the ,ormon was preached by Father Stauble. Father Auer has been In charge of the Church for tho last six years and came to Joffersonvllle from tho East. He was born In Loulsvlllo September 2C, 1872, and In 1887 entered tho Franciscan College at Syracuse, N, Y., completing his studies: at Tren ton, N. J. Not being of age for or dination he was sent to Rome, Italy, where he took a special course in church law. Ho was ordained a priest July 7, 1895, by Cardinal Parochi, Vicar Generali of rope Leo III. His charges havo been at Ho boken, N. J.; Utlca, N. Y.; Trenton, N. J.; Albany, N. Y.; Syracuse, N. Y.; MInoa, N. Y and Jeffersonvllle. Attending the colebratton wero Rev. Father Leo Greullch, of Syracuse, and many priests from Indiana and Kentucky. PRAYER FOR MONTH. His Holiness Benedict XV. has rec ommended "Retreats for tho Laity" to the -Apostleship of Prayer as tho general intention for the month of July. It icqulres only tho slightest consideration to realize how timely and important in this recommenda tion of tho Holy Father. Tho social chaos, which has followed tho tense period of the war, has thrown tho world into a maelstrom of passion, wherein injustice, suspicion, envy and greed are whirling tho people to rth Honco the wisdom, the timeliness, the necessity of Pope Benedict's recommendation. The par amount purpose of our life upon earth is so to live as to win eternal happiness in heaven, the reward tho Lord has promised to those who love and servo Him. In order that we may obtain that reward wo muBt not allow ourselves to become so ab sorbed In pursuing the perishable goods of earth as to disregard the imperishable blessings of tho ever lasting Hfo in God's own homo be yond tho grave. TROUBLE FOR ENGLAND. Three-fourths of a battalion of Irish Connaught Rangers stationed at Jullunder, in tho Painjab, India, mu tinied following the arrival or recent events In Ireland, according to a dis patch from Simla under date of July 2 to Reuters, Limited. On receipt of tho same news at Solan, In tho Simla hills, another detachmont Is report ed to havo attempted to seize arms and ammunition, the dispatch says, adding that guards killed two ot tho men and wounded one. Tho dis patch sayB that when the last mall reached the troops thoy became greatly excited and tho decision to lay down their arms soon was reached, one-fourth of tho men re maining loyal to tho Colonel. The troops expressed regret that they were unable to serve any longer, and gave up their arms and ammunition. Although remainlng'ontirely respect ful to their officers, the men ex plained their sympathies with tholr friends In Ireland. WUiIi CONVENE HERE. News from Rome has been Tecolved here that the Passionist (Provincial Chapter of the Western Province will begin In Louisville, September 8. Solemnities in honor of St. Gabriel will be held at each monastery Octo ber 17, 18 and 19, It lias bees. Padded WALES Destructive Influence of tho Refor mation in That Small But Old Country. Ruined Catholicism Ilnh sroii Foiled to Rcplnco It Among People. Lnsting Monuments of tho Faith of Wales In Medieval Times. A NON-OATHOL3JO APOLOGIST. Against the fulsomo nni,n corded the Refomatlon as on event alleged to havo beon a blessing to the countries to which it spread, it is in teresting to note thn Ahnrirn .t an,d Proven in the latost Issue of tho xiiou uiuoiogicai Quarterly, that in tho case of Wales "tho influence of tho Reformation was mainly destruc tive; It ruined Catholicism, tout it failed to usurp Catholicism in -tho hearts and lives of the Welsh peo PIe Evidence in support of this contention is advanced from a recent volume by a non-Catholic, Llewelyn Williams, entitled "Tho Making of Modern Wales," thus adding to tho testimony of history tho findings ot a man of whom one would not be in clined to expect a confirmation of the T,no ot tho contentions denied by Williams refers to a matter which was of groat Influence on 'the de cadence of religion In Wales. Tho Reformers charged: and Groves re peats tho charge in his "Titular Archbishops of Ireland," that "the horde of seminary priests and Jesuits Issued forth" from tho continent and 'spread over England in disguise, disseminating the tents of rebellion and tyrannicide which wero openly taught tho students there." Speak ing Of tills accusation nnrl nf Ji "Douay Seminar-, Williams says that uio imesis coming rrom Douay wero not politically active, that they "wore quiet, earnest and devoted men; tho early seminarists wero free from po litical taint or suspicion of active disloyalty, because tho founders of the College ot Douay for many years kept themselves clear of political ln- ,g V,eY.' A,nd ln referring to the English College at Rome, whlbh" wa also frequented by numerous Welsh men after tho coming of 'the Refor mation (both Institutions having been founded to counteract tho influ ence of the now teaching). Williams points with regret to tho fact that the number of Welsh students at- inrtAintr ivpnn. hHiiu , ... .. ..,...,.. t,.0Y Duiuwur unu xnai tne people suffered in consenuonro. wn says that bocauso "educational ad- vaniages wore (then) few in Wales and the people wero poor," and be cause that college demanded that students measure up to the English standard. Tho number of Welsh students becamo less and less as time went on." In consequence of these unfortunate conditions, principally because the country had been de prived of its Catholic schools, "Wales was permitted to drift by almost im perceptible degrees away from tho Catholic faith." Added to this neglect came active persecution of tho clergy. "As in Ireland," writes the Irish Theolog ical Quarterly, "the priests in Wales wore pursued with a relentless perse cution, and in the end nKint.ini1v stamped out of existence." When Protestants did get tho upper hand they wero moro intent on annexing benefices than on preaching the word of God. There werp. of onimo Isolated efforts on tho part of individ ual enurenmen, but tno peoplo were for tho most part utterly neglected by tho mlnlstors, and gradually sank into irreliglon and ignorance. There is ovidenco enough on this point, and It comes from such varied sources that It is admitted by all." An il lustration of this neglect, if any wero needed, is found in tho Teport of tho Protestant Bishop of Bangor, dated 1623, who writes that in Ang Iesty, "in parish . . . there had been only two sermons for tho last twelve months;" in another parish, there had been "no sormon preached flvo or six years last past;" Jn still an other parish there had been "no ser mon at all." Two other parishes had but two and three sermons respect ively In a year's .time, according to the same authority. wnat such neglect meant to tho Welsh people Is evident from a com parison with conditions as ithev huA previously been in that country. "Enough proof exists even to-day,'' says tho I. T. Q "of tho piety of tho TFa1(iY. mnn.!. ...( .. -L '. """ I'uyiu 'pi-iur iu mo religious upheaval of tho Tudor ago," to pre sent a glaring contrast to tho situa tion ns it becamo later. "Welsh re ligious llteraturo," writes that excel lent review, "is possibly, in some of its branches, as extensive as our own (Irish). Tho old abbeys at Mar gam, Neath, Strata Florida, and a score of other places, are a lasting monument of tho faith of Wales In medieval times. Mr. Williams main tains that up to the great rebellion Wales was the most Cathollo portion of Great Britain." Tho Reformation deprived Wales of these .lnstltutioM and achevements and failed to re place Catholicity. Tho established unurcn or England failed to hold Its own in Wales and did not Tft t.ht fruits of tho Reformation. The field was left open for tho Non-Oonfor mist preachors who subseaueiitlv came along. It lg refreahie to have the fact that neither the one nor the other succeeded In replacing ' tho Cathollo Church la the lives of the people eorretonwted by a histor ian who does not share the UMb of wJOeh tie Seerer fobbed Waleey. the Cbief oa his white horse, the A. - lM sa i;SW I"