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MOLE WORKS DURING WINTER
Little Animal Keeps Busy Where
Ground Is Not Frozen Too Hard
His Strength Is Marvelous.
(By T. H. SCHEFFER.)
The mole, like the pocket gopher.
Is more or less active at all seasons
of the year, but it la during the rainy
period, when the soil Is moist, that
his work Is pushed most vigorously.
Shallow runways are then rapidly ex
tended in all directions and old run
"When a mole makes up its mind
to go in a certain direction, nothing
but concrete or stone will stop him.
Hand, Foot and Note of Common Mole.
The strength of these little animals is
marvelous. They will heave up the
surface of a path trodden so hard
that repeated blows of a pick will be
needed to break the crust.
Ordinarily the mole makes hi3 way
through the soil as a root does, or a
stake when driven by the blows of a
sledge. The earth is not excavated,
but simply crowded aside. When the
ground becomes very hard, of course,
the mole Is obliged to excavate the
passageways and push the loose dirt
out through the openings of the roof
of his tunnel.
The mole keeps at work all through
the winter In places where the ground
Is not frozen too hard. He works
more frequently in the morning and
Moles do very little harm to the
roots of grain, grasses or .vegetables,
except in pushing the soil aside, and
they live principally on the white
grub, earth-worms and beetles.
He thus proves himself to be a
friend to mankind, because grubs are
the greatest scourges of grass and
other valuable plant roots.
VALUE OF THE DRILL SYSTEM
Question Most Frequent In Discus
sions on Wheat Raising Is An
swered by Many Farmers.
(By L. C. BURNETT.)
The value of the drill is the ques
tion most freauent in discussions on
Local Agent -For
Jane way &
Hurt and Anderson.
wheat ralBing. The results or lour
years' tests in Iowa are found to be
4.2 bushels of winter wheat gain per
acre when the grain was drilled, over
that which was broadcasted. This,
figured at 70 cents per bushel, the
average price of wheat for the time
covered by the experiment, shows a
balance of $2.95 per acre in favor of
The opinion of farmers in all parts
of the country seems to be about the
same, when it comes to the value of
Edward Lefot of Minnesota says:
"Five pecks per acre is the usual
quantity sown when the wheat is
drilled, and six pecks broadcast. Ex
periments seem to Indicate that a
larger quantity of seed does not in
crease the yield. I prefer drilling to
Showing Loss of Bushels Occasioned
by Broadcast Seeding.
broadcasting, mainly because it places
the seed where each kernel will ger
minate at once and there is absolute
ly no waste of seed."
A Pennsylvania farmer says: "Drill
ing proves best here."
In Virginia, 30 bushels per acre has
been and is being harvested each
year from broadcasted seed.
In Kentucky drilling is said to have
given far better results than broad
casting. A Missouri farmer writes: "I pre
fer the drill, as it distributes the seed
From North Carolina a farmer
writes: "If the seed Is evenly dis
tributed we think broadcasting best
In the south, as It keeps down all
There has been much complaint re
cently of the large percentage of
spoiled eggs to the case. Some of this
trouble, it is declared, Is due to the
storage of eggs near onions, oils or
other things with pronounced odors.
The feed now in Bight will give you
a pretty good idea as to how much
stock you can carry over winter. It is
the best policy to have a little too
much feed than to be a little short; it
means all the difference between thin
stock and those in good condition.
MOLASSES FOR DAIRY COWS
Used by Farmers In North More Than
Ever Before, but Not Yet Found
(By 'WALTER B. LEUTZ.)
More molasses is being fed in the
north than ever before, but most dairy
farmers are not yet satisfied that it Is
In an experiment at the Hatch sta
tion, Prof. J. B. Lindsey says: "Mo
losses contains about 3 per cent, of
protein and 70 per cent, of digestible
"Compared with corn meal," says
Prof. Lindsey, "it equals substance
pound for pound in results obtained
in feeding milch cows, but when fed
to horses they do not seem to be quite
equal to the same weight of corn
"It Is estimated that corn meal at
1.20 per hundred pounds, molasses
would be worth about $1 per hundred
pounds. Its quoted price in Boston
is 12 cents per gallon by the barrel
and 8.6 per gallon In 10 barrel lots.
"A gallon weighs about 12 pounds,
bo that at present relative prices, the
molasses would be a little cheaper
feed than corn meal.
"A good point with the molasses is
that it is agreeable to stock and makes
them always ready to eat such sub
stances as cut corn stubble, malt
sprouts, distillery feeds, etc., when
mixed with the molasses.
"A serious objection Is that mo
lasses is not very convenient stuff to
handle and attracts flies in summer.
"As a mixture with high grade pro
tein foods, I suggest one-third distil
lery grains, one-sixth cotton seed
meal, one-half molasses, or one-third
malt sprouts, one-third gluton-meal
and one-third molasses.
"For working horses, nine pounds of
provender and one quart of molasses,
or twelve pounds of provender and
three pints of molasses, or for hard
working horses substitute one-half
pound dry blood or one pound cotton
seed oil or linseed meal in place of an
equal quantity of provender.
HOG SCALDING IS MADE EASY
By Use of Apparatus Described and
Illustrate Animal May Be Hung
With Little Exertion.
Make a lever and hanging pole as
in illustration. To allow the lever to
work both ways bore two slanting
holes and chisel out the space be
tween. Pull butt end of lever down as
low as possible, and tie securely to
For Hog Scalding.
the hog. By pulling on small end of
pole one man can then easily lift the
hog while another turns it, writes Ar
nold Kurth in the Missouri Valley Far
mer. To hang hog put gambrel in on
one side and tie rope to that leg. Then
by walking to the left the man at the
end of lever can bring the hog up
and directly under pole when gambrel
can easily be put in place and the hog
hung with little exertion,
Of Land, Stock, Farming Implemenes, Etc
As Agent of the Heirs of Lucy
Montgomery I will sell at Public Auction
on the premises four miles East of
Bryantsville on the waters of the
Kentucky River near Lock No. 8 on
TUESDAY. JANUARY 28, 1913.
the following property to wit:
About 127 acres of Rich Hill Land.
I Pair of horse mules 15 1-2 hands high,
4-year-old well broken; Coming 8-year-old
harness mare, work anywhere; 1
Aged mare; 9-vear-otd broodmare, well
broken; Coming 2-year-old horse colt;
Coming 2-year-old filly colt; 1 three-year-old
short horn cow. Coming2-year-old
short horn heifer, be fresh in May;
3 Sows and 6 Shoatsjl cider mill; 1 two
horse Sorghum mill; a few farming
implements;75bbls of corn in shuck and
other things to numerous to mention.
Terms will be made known on day of
sale. Sale begins at 10 o'clock.
Henry Montogomery, Agt,
FOUND-:ChiIds black muff owner can
have same by calling at this office.
An all star cast of local talent in
the Old Maids Club under auspices of
Last weeks open weather afflicted
some of Lancaster's good ladies with
"sweet pea fever". Better wait until
after Easter, it comes early this year.
Four Score Years.
The Record joins with the many
friends of Mrs. William Anderson in
congratulations upon her having passed
the eightieth milestone on life's journey.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson celebrated their
golden wedding a number of years ago
and here is hoping they may live to
celebrate their diamond wedding.
The Record joins the Richmond Cli
max in wishing a former Lancaster
boy success in his new home.
Mr. John W. Dunn, who has been
night clerk at Hotel Glyndon for some
time, left Sunday for Monroe, La.,
where he will take the position of head
clerk in Hotel Monroe, a very high
class hostelry. Mr. Dunn's many
friends here gave him up with much
reluctance but wish him well in his
If the new hands, Messrs. Robinson
and Elkin, keep the Lancaster Record
up to the high standard of last issue,
they will prove leaders in the journalis
tic line. The paper consisted of eight
pages seven column folio all chock
full ol good reading matter and at
tractive ads. Don't weary in well-doing,
brethren and you'll soon-be on the
shady side of Easy street. Danville
"Some" Stand Pipe.
The city of Lancaster is erecting a
stand pipe which, for heighth, caps the
climax. It stands one "hundred and
forty-five feet from foundation, and is
about forty-five feet higher than cupa
lo on the court house. The pipe is
erected within one hundred feet of the
Public Square, and will give the strong
est pressure obtained by any city in
this section. By an addition to the
dam, the lake, which supplies the wat
er will give an inexhaustible supply.
Our good neighbors are to be congratu
lated on their enterprise. Danville
Suit For $210,000.
Filed In Lincoln Circuit Court On Policy
Held By Beneficiaries Of Late James
Robinson Against Equitable Life
Assurance Society Of New
Suit was filed in the Lincoln Circuit
Court today in behalf of the children
of the late James Robinson of the
Hubble section of Lincoln county
against the Equitable Life Assurance
Society of New York for the sum. of
$210,000. The suit is filed upon a poli
cy taken out by the late Mr. Robinson
with the defendant Society in 1869,
when the Equitable Society was com-
paritively in its infancy. The policy
was taken out on the mutualplan and
the suit seeks to have the plaintiffs to
participate in $71,000,000. of unassign
ed surplus funds which have accumula
ted to said Society since the taking
out of said policy, and which the de
fendant Society claims belongs tto no
one in particular, that is, is assigned
to no particular class of policy holders.
The question raised in the beginning
of this suit is an entirely newone.neverJ
having been raise&or passed upon in
any court of the United States, and
seeks to settle as to the disposal -of
these enormous amounts of unassigned
surplus funds which gradually accum-
late, and which as above stated, the
Society claims "belong to no particular
class of policy holders',. Attorney J.
E. Robinson of this placed filed the suit
and will have associated with him in its
prosecution Judge Edward C. O'Rear
and his associate Mr. Ben Williams of
Frankfort. Ky. The outcome of this
suit will be watched with great interest
all over the country by those who are
interested in this class of litigation,
J. H. Miller has moved back to his
W. H. Furr sold a mare to Bill Able
Little John Rout Furr is quite sick
of a severe cold.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Elam visited at
W. H. Furrs Sunday.
Arthur McQuerry sold 5 shoats to
Sam Johnson for $15.
Miss Lucy Long worth who has been
very sick of Pneumonia is better.
Mr. Wheeler Meadows visited his
sister Mrs. May Owens last week.
Jerry Arnold has moved to Grant
Hammonds farm that he bought from
Mr. Nathan Willeford of Crad Or
chard visited his son Aric and hi3 new
daughter-in-law last week.
In Squire Coldirons court last Satur
day Bob Lee (of col) was fined $5. and
costs for an assault on Harrison Gaff
ney. In the case of Mrs. Totten Tankers-
ley against Squire Parsons for using
improper language to her was ordered
before the Grand jury.
All the tobacco farmers on Mrs. E.
H. Walker and Woods Walkers farms
have sold their crops except L. W. Mc-Querry-at
prices ranging, from 15cts, to
17 cents a pound.
dpace below this heading is foi (be excla
lve use of oar farmer subscribers, and is for
(he sale of stock, grain and such things on
farm as the farmer cannot afford to adver
tise. No notice will be accepted over four
lines, and will be only in two lssnes of the
Record, free of charge
Logan Burke sold two mules to John
Rubles price $2S5.
For Sale 12 Buff Cochin, yearling
chickens. Phone 245.
T. C. Rankin bought of Eph Leavell
one mule for $115.
J. C. Gastineau bought one mule of
J. F. Watts for $130.
H. B. Cox bought eight shoats of
Wes Lloen at $6.40 a cwt.
for sale: Good family horse. L. G.
Davidson, Lancaster. Ky.
For Sale: One good work mule.
Milton Ward, Lancaster, Ky.
I haveJ2Q,shocks of sorgham to sell.
Noah Marsee, Lancaster, Ky.
Riding on a manure spreader has
assisted many man to where he could
ride in an automobile.
For Sale Some nice Rose Comb
Brown Leghorn Cockerals.
W. S. Embry, Lancaster, Ky.
for SALE:-I have 200 shocks of good
fodder would like to feed out to cattle.
Bright Herring, Lancaster, R. F. D. 2.
for SALE:-Shetland Ponies, any
quanity, any age, any size, any sex
any color. R. L. Elkin, Lancaster, Ky.
I have 14 two-year-old mules to sell
or will loan to responsible parties.
T. B. Robinson.
The most liberal form policy written
can be had from Stults & Stults, Lan
caster, Ky., Agents for the Continen
tal insurance co-
A good saddle stallion and black
Jack. Both good breeders. A. T.
Traylor, Stanford, Ky. R. F. D. No. 4.
Twenty-five million dollars is the esti
mated loss to the citrus fruit growers
of California by reason of three days
of freezing weather in that State.
Eph Leavell purchased a pair of mules
of his son for $350. Henry Cox. sold
to W. B. Burton a pair of nice
mare mules for $430.
Demand for good, productive farm
property is steadily increasing, Some
very high prices are paid for well im
for rent: My farm of 86 acres for
the year 1913. 20 acres to cultivate 20
acres in meadow balance in grass, Price
$375. Jas. G. Conn, Wilmore, Ky. or
J. A. Conn Jr. Lancaster, Ky.
I have 36 three-year-old mules that
I will sell in pairs or any number to
suit the purchaser.
John C. Robinson.
Cumberland Phone 275-2rings,
W. B. Burton purchased 5 horses at
Danville court from various parties at
prices ranging from $150. to $200. each.
He also bought a pair of mules of H.
C. Sutton for $430. and a pair from
Center Bros, for $425.
W. B. Burton shipped to Frank Pea
cock, Freemont, N. C. 19 mules at an
average cost of $200. each, and 5 horses
at $177.00 each. He also purchased of
W. B. Denny pair mules for $370.00
J. I. Hamilton bought a pair mules of
F. M. Tinder, price $375.
January is a very good month in
which to do such road repairing a3 is
greatly needed upon several much
neglected roads. Where there is metal
on the road and repairs are needed to
cure the effect of wear and tear it is
possible to do good work in winter pro
vided the weather is fairly open. But
a road torn up in January certainly re
mains impassable till April or May.
One hundred boys from the various
counties that had corn clubs this sea
son sent ten ears each for the city
people to see what was being done.
Not only the public, but the great daily
newspapers grew very much interest
ed. A number of editorials appeared
during the ten days of the exhibit, and
almost daily a picture of some success
ful corn grower appeared. This display
contained five varieties of corn.
The following sales were made at B.
G. Fox's sale stable Monday; Pair
mules to C. McLane, $362.50, 1 mule to
C. S. Robinson, $152.50, mare mule to
same, for $145. one 2 year old horse
mule to G. B. Gaines. $117.50, pair two
year olds to Will Tammey $222.50, pair
horse to mules to Will Leavell; for
$200.00. mare mule to Philip Cobb,
$160.00, one to George Dunn, $140. and
two mules to Will Leavell for $262.50,
2 year old to Breed Arnold, $126.00.
Yantis Conkwright, the little 9-year-old
son of Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Conk
wright, of the Lexington pike, is mak
ing quite a record for himself. He has
just sold his one-half acre of tobacco.
which he raised in 1912. It weighed
820 pounds and sold at 14 cents per
pound, bringing him $115 for the half
acre. This is the third crop the boy
has raised. In 1911 he raised one
quarter of an acre which tie sold for
$49; in 1910, when he was only 7 years
old, he raised one-eighth of an acre,
brought him $30.
Frankfort Journal: A colored boy,
foui teen years old, raised -730 pounds
of tobacco on three-quarters of an acre
of ground in Bourbon county and sold
the crop for fifteen cents a pound.
That darkey has the proper recipe for
getting a firm grip on the 'door of
hope.' He is setting a good example
for his race and also for a few white
men who spend most of their time
whittling sticks and chewing tobacco at
the cross-roads store or the village
grocery. There are many such individ
uals who do a lot of winter farming
in their minds and utterly fail to do
any effective business with the soil at
seed time and harvest.
The trouble with a large number of
Garrard county farmers they think they
can use .some kind of fertilizer, such as
bone dust, guano, nitrates or phosphat
es and have "self raisiu" crops.
You can use yeast and have self
raisin bread or you can have a self
raisin fuss on roost any farm without
any effort, but you can use all the fer
telizers in creation and you wont have
any "self raisin crops". The farm has
to have a head piece and plenty of el
bow greese just like every other busi
ness that succeeds. The farm well
tilled doesn't give the farmer any time
to do odd jobs for Mr. Wilson, such as
filling his cabinet or telling him who
ought to be Postmaster.
Henderson county 13 going into the
improved farming business with a de
termination to win. Henderson prob
ably was the first county in the state
to secure a government farm expert.
The fiscal court made the appropria
tion necessary, leaving the farmers
and business men of the county to use
whatever money they may raise for
Our tobacco warehouse ha3 been
filled to overflowing every since the
holidays and the fragrant weed h
selling at prices that put a broad grin
on the face of the grower.
Not only the farmer but the mer
chant and the banker are "wearing the
smile that wont rub off", for what
helps one helps the other. Every body
is getting some of this tobacco money
and its presence is being materially
felt in our town.
Mr. R. H. Price the South Carolina
stock broker, who is an annual visitor
to the Lancaster market, has been here
the past week and has succeeded i"
securing a car load of horses and mules
which he shipped to Senaca S. C. He
included the following purchases in his
load:- 5 mules of W. B. Burton at $14.",.
each, also a couple of nice horses of
the same party at $175. each, one hor.
of John Peace, $145.. 4 mules of Sena
tor K. L. Hubble at $172. each, 1 mu
of W. T. Robinson of Danville, $160., a
pair of mules of W. V, Gastineau. S2&0.
a pair of mules of Center Bros., $310 .
one mule of Wilson Rogers $170., one
mule of Colby Jenkins, $175., and three
mule3 of M. O. Kennedy at $150. each.
The mules were from 4 to 7 years old
and will be distributed by Mr. Price
among the farmeas in and around Sen
aco to be used for farming purposes.
Master James Ficher of this county,
aged 7, sold his crop tobacco Saturday
on the Paris market. Theyoung man's
crop Drought the high average of $25
I per hundred. He carried the water to
make a season for transplanting. He
1 nursed it, carefullv cultivate! it ami
j gave it all the the tender earn a boy us
ually bestows on his most beloved pet3.
Constanty he watched the weak, tender
looking plants expand into large, sturdy
leaf bearing stalks. Always he kept on
whose rapacious appetites seemed cap
able of devouring a dozen crops the size
of his own. His eager eyes saw it yel
low with the dying summer, and under
his direction it was carefully housed in
his father's barn.
The manly little fellow undoubtedly
felt great pride in his summer's labor
wnen he saw his tobacco bring twent
five cents per pound, and perhaps took
more delight in that check he received
for his crop, than he will ever take in
any other check, no matter how large it
may oe. -fans Democrat.
Lester Bryan, the boy champion corn
producer of Kentucky, arrived in Louis
ville yesterday from his home at Rock
field on his way to Washington, where
boy champions of all the State will
gather for a five day's educational tour
of tne Capital before attending the
National Corn Exposition at Columbus.
S. C. January 27.
Bryant, who is 15 years old. has won
$300 in prizes on his corn nroducts.
The championship was awarded on an
acre 01 corn mat produced 149 bushels
netting $70.38." Some of the stalks
were fifteen feet high and grew seven
ears to the hill. His closet competitor
was Edward Gallrein, 15 of Jefferson
county, whose corn ran 146$ bushel to
the prize acre at a net profit of $68.50.
Bryant was accompanied to Louisville
by Fred Mutchler, who i3 in charee of
the Boys' and Girls' Club work of the
Western Normal School. John M.
Atherton, of Louisville, is Davincr the
expenses of hi3 trip out of general in
terest in the development of aprim!-
ture in Kentucky. DeDartmenta of
the State and Government and the
Normal School are co-operating in en
couraging crop development through
the award of prizes.
While in Washington. Brvant will
visit the White House, the National
Museum the Smithsonian Institution.
the Capitol and other places of interest
and while-t the National Corn Show
he will receive some SDecial "instruc
tions in soil culture and additional
schooling on crops and how to make.
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