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A Motor Laimcii Raid i on the Belgian Coast By A SEA SLUG, British Service Name For Crews of Submarine Chasers. Copyright, 1317, by tho Dell Syndicate-, Inc. 1'llOLOaUE. The author of this series of four arti cles Is a young American, who has spent tnflst of his time tlncc the war startcil with the Itrltlsh patrol fleet, taking an Important part In helping to organize that branrh of the scrvtee known as tho Sea Slugs. lie has accumulated a remarkable, collection of anecdotes Incident to this cxclllng branch of tho service, and manu of these were personal adven lures In which he took part and which inako one of the stirring narratives to come out ofhc war. lie recently re turned to the United States to assist tho American nary In organizing the same branch of the service and should be of great value because of his experi ence abroad. So far us known, he Is the only American to serve with the llrltlsh patrol prior to the advent of the United States destroyer flotilla In llrltlsh wa tcrs. Of course some of his experiences, of military value to the enemy, cannot be related. At the request of the service publication of his name Is withheld. TT Is better that I do not mention the J nnmc of the Sea Slug who con ceived the Idea of a motor launch raid on the coast of Belgium-Hint pnrt of tho coast held by Germany, bor- There Is No Moon. We Dath Along Full Speed Ahead. dered by a maze of mines, girt by a moving belt of gunboats and patrol craft and freckled with a series of land batteries which make tho experts say it would be mathematically impos Bible to smash Into the naval bases from the sea side. The llrltlsh government prefers to keep his name secret for the present, so It would not be policy for me to divulge It. When he put the Idea up to tho commander of the base he said right nway: "I don't want to lose more than six boats. If you can get six crows to volunteer for the service go ahead. I won't order anybody on a raid like that." Six times six crews volunteered, but only six were allowed to go. We chug-chugged out of Dover Just before sundown, every man with a lifebelt strapped under his shoulders, petrol tanks tilled to the last drop, ammuni tion In every avullable space and every motor thoroughly Inspected down to the last screw. Wo were thinking only of what a time we were going to give tho Boches. Tho boys that wigwagged "Goodby" to us believed they had seen us for the last time, but wished they were with us Just the same. Straight for a cer tain selected spot on the Belgian coast we laid our course, and when night fell we couldn't even see our own boats. There wasn't so much as a pin point of light showing on any of the craft. Every ono wore dark uniforms, and every once in awhile when we'd crowd on a little more speed there would suddenly loom up right ahead tho dark hull of tho boat we wcro fol lowing and we'd almost be aboard her. The men at tho wheels had to have their nerve with them. Over the Mine Fields. The chap who had proposed the raid wo might as well call him Jones, which is not bis name had figured out the tide conditions to a nicety, and on this particular night wo were having tho fullest high water of tho autumn. Just beforo we ran Into tho mine fields wo passed a British monitor, about which I will havojnoro to say later, and then began tho real work of the expedition. As every ouo knows, some mines are net so that they rlso and fall with the tldo and remain nlwnys a certain dis tance below tho surfaco of the water, and if we didn't hit ouo of tlieso It would bo merely a mutter of luck. There were thousands of mines all around us, and thcro was no earthly way of telling where any of them were. As for the mines which are anchored always tho sumo distance above the bottom of tho sea, wo wcro counting on tho extra high tldo to take us over these. At least Jones bad figured that It would. There Is no moon. We dash along full speed ahead, for we must run In, accomplish our task and run out agala beforo that tide ebbs enough to make H next to laarjlble for even oar light draft craft to escape because of tho nnchorod mines coming to the sur face. The men In each crew Imvc been carefully i J" '!,d. 1'!.ry uro nil In tho best physical condition, good swim mers, niul the Bins.c lints (olllccrs) have even made certain that none of them 1ms it cold. A siiccso or n cough might betray us. Despite tills, tho damp, chilly night air makes one of tho men In our boat sneeze suddenly. It sounds to us like the crash of n mine. I don't see why It didn't take tllft top of the fellow's head olT. Our finely made motors, of course, wore mullled until you could not distinguish their purr ten feet nway. "A thousand yards or so nnd we'll bo across the Holds," says the Brass lint In our boat. lie has It figured down pretty fine. Xow wo are skimming over n bar, where n heavier boat could not go. Discover Enemy Destroyers. We strain our eyes nhcad to catch tho while gleam of tho wake of our lending crnft nnd stare behind to mako out the white bow wavu of the one following us. It Is the only way we can keep ourselves In line. Presently I pick up out of tho black ness of tho night a patch of something that Is even blacker. A ripple runs down my spine. The great moment has arrived. This Is not like chasing n submarine which Is trying to hide nnd which you can almost run circles around. It Is more like six mosquitoes tackling n band of giants. If ever they can hit us n slap wo will be crushed to jelly. I point out tho black pateh to the Brass Hat. lie strains through his night glasses, then hands them to mo. "Destroyer!" he says. The term Is well applied, nnd I renl Izo for the first time what destructive power one of these slick sea fighters has. She Is running without lights. We wonder in whispers whether the other craft have sighted her. There Is no way for us to signal them. The man standing at the wheel throws her over a little to starboard, following the white wake of tho boat ahead of us. "They see her," says the Brass Hat next. "They're circling In." A glance astern shows us that our followers have observed the clinnge In our course. I do not know how far wo are from that destroyer. In the dark she looms so big that it seems wo must be going to graze her. There Is a lurid stab of red In the darkness ahead a deafening roar the smell of battle Is In our nostrils. Tho leader's three incher has barked. Ours barks at almost tho same time. Ours has bitten, for we enn see the Hash of the explosion as the shell fulls on board the destroyer. That Is better luck than we had looked for. The Searchlights Scour the Sea. The Hashes have shown us other craft destroyers, patrol boats nnd gunboats. Xu hope of concealment now. We wnlt Just long enough be tween shots to mako It hard for the Germans to locate us from the Hash of tho guns. Our engines, with tho muf flers open to give us nil possible speed, arc roaring almost as loudly as the cannon it seems. The Boches must be confused. They haven't fired on us yet. Searchlights are darting everywhere ncross the wa ter and in the sky. Their one object Is to find and destroy us, but they can not figure out what to look for. They of course think we bavo come in through the channel, and their power ful rays sweep the entrance to the harbor and tho waters just Inside, while others piny over tho surface from whence we fired our first shots. They don't expect craft of our size to attempt such n daring raid. How much damage wo lmvo done we do not know, but wo cease firing The Gunner Fire Into the Source the Light, and double back, waiting until wc are out of tho zone from which wo start ed to light. I do not suppose any of tho Huns ever thought of tho Httlo motor launch es. They seem Jumpy in their nerves, Judging by tho way they bundle tho searchlights. Probably thoy think some new cuglno of warfare is attack ing them, like the tanks which bo sur prised them in the trenches one lino day. Umphl Suddenly I am blinded. I think for a hundredth of a second that I am shot, and my head is splitting. It Is a searchlight, the rays full and square In my eyes. The gunner Ores Into the source of the light It terras of tn da romlnt? from n cunbo.it. If he J hits her he will be lucky, for It Is Im possible for us to see anything. We can hear the "woonipli.wooniph" of shells tlroppltu into the water around us. Wo have mndc up our minds that It Is nil over, but two of tho other boats, not being Minded by the searchlights, turn their lire on our tormentor. If tho Germans bold on Us we nro gone, but they seem to be In n frenzy, nnd while they sweep round, trying to pick up the other craft, wc change our course, nnd they do not seem able to find us again. They tiro on every stick of driftage and spar that darkens the surface of the Il luminated water. Out Over the Dangers of the Mines. When the rising sun begnn to streak the sky we wcro safe. Way off to port lay the monitor we hnd passed the night before, and the Brass Hut, In command of the expedition, signaled us to run over to her and take ac count. The monitor was one of a tjpc much In evidence during the first yearn of tho wnr, mounting heavy guns forward In an armored turret. Tln guns were made In America, and must of the monitors wcio mimed after American generals. They wore used on work that took them constantly Into the mine fields, nnd for that reason they must have special protection ngalnst mines and torpedoes, .lust how this Is accom plished I do not feel nt liberty to tell, but because of It mi nmusing Incident occurred. The first motor launch was running at rather low speed In toward tho monitor, so ns to come alongside. AH of n Midden wc saw her sort of climb out of the water, bow first, heel over nnd lie there as though she bad run up on n bar. A couple of "mntloes" (sailors) on the deck of tho monitor began swear ing nt the crew, and every man In the M. L. was thrown oft his feet by the shock which stopped the boat. Tlie swearing was not confined to the mon itor's men. The M. I., had run high nnd dry on to tho shelf which forms n part of the more or less Intricate protection against torpedoes and mines that modem monitors carry. They had to use n crane to get her off. Well, we bad roll call nnd found only fine man slightly hurt. A bit of shell had struck him In the shoulder. A piece the size of n man's palm was Imbedded In the side of one of the M. L.'s. We had got off mighty lucky. I might say here that later six oth er boats made the experiment ngaln, nnd only one got back to England, so It Isn't such n soft nsslgnment. In thnt single craft were nil the men from 'he five launches who had sur vived the hell they ran Into. And there was plenty of room, for those who had been lost were many. Under orders the survivors of that raid refrained from telling what ac tually happened, but In general It Is true that the Germans must hnvo re allzcd what occurred on the first expe dition, and they were ready. The co- ment of surprKe, which snved us all from going to kingdom come, was ab sent. The officer In commnnd of the one which was not destroyed cruised around in the glare of tho searchlights until he had gathered in every living thing that still struggled In the wnter a man's Job In that searching glnro of light nnd hail of shells. The Hero. "The sky was red over his head," said one of the men he picked up, "because of the vast number of Illu minating bombs nnd rockets the Huns wcro using, besides the searchlights nnd the shells that were bursting. There was light enough to take a mov ing picture of the scene, "Any human being would hnvo run, but that chap's u devil or n god. ne shouted orders to his men ns though he were at maneuvers nnd fished us out of the water with n boat hook ns coolly as if ho were merely picking up n buoy nnd couldn't understand what all the racket was about. "After he got me on board I saw fclm fall with the blood spurting from his leg. He grubbed a bit of rope, made a tourniquet himself, using the barrel of bis revolver to twist It tight, and directed tho work until bo bad all of us on board. "How we ever penetrated thnt bar rier of fire nnd lend nnd steel I don't know, but wo came through and limp ed into port under our own power." , As I suy, I was not on this expedi tion, and what few details other than those I heard I am not at liberty to tell. Well, to go back to tho monitor. We nil went aboard and wcro given break- fnst. In tho ward room ono of the olllccrs told us some Interesting things about their work. "These tubs," ho explained, referring to tho monitors, "uro not iirmored. Wo enrry heavy guns forwurd, nnd the bar bette Is tho only part of tho craft that Is protected by armor plate. "All along the coast wo havo buoys anchored to mark fire positions. Wc cruise along, pick up one of tho buoys nnd lot go n few shots. Of courso wo know tho rnngo and whero tho Germun forts nnd butteries are, although wo can't seo them. Sometimes wo hnvo hydroplanes observing for us, so that wo can tell whether wo'ro on tho tar get, but wo havo been doing It so long and wo lmvo tho const so well plotted and the buoys so carefully planted that it's mostly a matter of mathematics. "It's nil very impersonal. Wo drop a few shells into a harbor or fort, then move on to n new position and drop a few more. 'The Germans don't seem to have any planes along tho coast here, and thoy aren't able to reply with any ac curacy whatever, for they can't see as, as we always pick a day with a slight mist or hate or operate at night "But tho other day wc dropped tioiwi ' the coast for n little party, when all I of a sudden, nfler cur Unit Mint, n 1 shell plumped lino th. wnter Ju t be yond us. We lit no n. t her, nnd 11k second German shell fell Jtwt u little short. Both were In line. "Wo thought It wns luck, so wo mov ed to n new position, Tho same thing happened, only this tlmo, ono shell ennto on board and did some damage and hurt some of our crew. Of courso wc thought the Huns must have somo planes up giving the batteries out range, but wo couldn't spot one any where. This soit of thing kept up all morning until It been mo positively un canny. The day was heavy with fog, mnklng aerial observation dllllcult. How the Germans Got the Hange. "Then an olllcer who had been an observer In the Itusso-Jnpancso war explained It. The Japanese had used n system nt Port Arthur to locate some hidden Itussliiu batteries that this chap said the Germans must bo em ploying, and t guess he was right. In fact, we know now that ho was. How wc confirmed our original opinion 1 cannot tell. "Kvery one familiar with the princi ples of artillery fire knows that n shell does not travel In n straight line. It travels In n curve called tho trajectory. Blcvutc u gun of n gUen caliber to a certain angle and fire It nnd the tra jectory will nlwnys be practically the After Our First Shot a Shell Plumped Into the Water Just Beyond Us. same. The curve varie-i constantly, becoming steeper ns the velocity of the shell decreases and It begins to be affected more and more by gravity. The Mathematics of It. "Xow, what the Germans had done was this. They erected a series of gauze screens at least three between us nnd a battery which we were ac customed to shell. To hit the turget our shells must pass through these screens. Klectrlcul timing devices Indi cated the length of time the projectile tequlred to travel between the screens, nnd of course the dlstanco wns ulroody known. "This gave the Germans tho velocity of the shell when It reached the screen. The holes It made In tho screens gave them three or more points In the curve. This enabled them to.plot u section of tho curve. They could tell from the explosion tho size of tho shell approxi mately. This would enable them to know the velocity with which the shell would leave the gun. "With these elements-a section of the trajectory, the velocity of the shell when It reached tho screens nnd u knowledge of tho Initial velocity of n certain sized shell-they had more than enough data to figure out exactly where the projectile came from. "In fact, they could check themselves on It, becauso they could plot tho whole curve from the section they had with their knowledge of tho velocity, and they could figure the straight distance from the velocity of tho shell when it reached the screens and the velocity they knew It must have when It left the muzzle of thu cannon on board the monitor. "Tho best proof that tho system worked was the fact that, no matter where we moved to, their shots strad dled us. and besides the one which came on board us one of our other ships got a shell In the boiler room." Well, somebody's nlwnys taking the Joy out of life, ns we suy In America. After mess we left the monitor, the little damage which had been dono the M. I,, that ran up on the shelf bnvlng been repaired, Before wo went down over the rim of the horizon wo saw our friend the monitor steaming ns fast ns she could go toward sonic ves sels flying the Dutch flag. "D nil neutrals anywny," suld tho Brass Hat. Ho didn't mean that there was anything particularly rep rehensible In being neutral, but If thero were no neutrals we'd nlwnys know who to fire on and who not to. The trouble Is that a lot of ships are cruls lug around under neutral lings and inittcilng mines In their wake. "We're nlwnys nervous when we're In waters n neutral has Just traversed. Iiownnt Dover But I'm getting ahead uf myself. I will tell nbout what hap- cued ut Dover In my next article. The fourth nnd concluding artlclo of this rerles will appear soon. It U en titled No. 4. Tho Danger of Dover. Aerop'uni'a bombard the barracks anil town. Gorman submarines laying mines In the harbor channel. What happened on a destroyer the day after I had dinner in her with the officers whom lator I saw stiiahed and torn to death. War Planes and Weapons on View At Keiiiticky's Great State Fair Remarkable Features of Festal Week Secured by Energy and Enterprise of Hard Work ing Fair Officials HON. MAT S. COHEN, Presldont Kentucky State Fair. THE Kentucky Stnto Fair belongs to the people, Is of tho people nnd for tho people, hut credit for tills great achievement, which during a period of fourteen years has meant much to the commonwealth nt large and which now bears vital relation to the welfare of the state, belongs In fullest measure to two officials, the commissioner of agriculture nnd the State Fnlr secretnry. Upon the shoulders of these two men falls the burden of responsibility for the gigantic undertaking of summing up in one festal week the agricultural nnd live stock Industries, accomplish ments nnd achievements of tho entire stnto for the year, and both must be possessor of abilities beyond the ordi nary measure of man. Commissioner Cohen's Fine Record. Commissioner of Agriculture Mat S. Cohen steps Into the arena of State Fnlr accomplishment this year with the poise and assurance of a prior year's unequolcd nnd universally applauded success In the handling of his colossal task and with the pre-eminent satisfac tion of knowing that he has succeeded In adding to the fifteenth annual Ken tucky State l'alr, to be held In Louis ville the week of Sept. 10, tho most re markable features ever associated with n State Fair. Spectacular among his accomplishments Is the securing of the $10,000 stake for five galted saddle horses and the unprecedented Increase to $1,000 In premiums for county ex hibits. Both these brilliant feats are In direct line with the appeal of the Washington government for a stimula tion nnd Increased activity tu stock raising anil food production and fol lowed his several consultations at Washington with national bodies In regnrd to keying up the state to Its highest point of output both tn food as well as stock. From these meetings resulted the government's decision to get behind the State Fair with exhlb Its which will double Its already mam moth list of attractions. Of keenest Interest to the public In general will doubtless be the govern mental showing on manikins of the arms, uniforms and paraphernalia of all tlie nations now engaged In the grent Kuropenn war, together with war planes and weapons of destruc tion. Government officers say that the country has been combed for cavalry and artillery horses, nnd Commission er Cohen's great plan nnd splendid achievement In securing for the Stnto Fair the $10,000 stake, as announced, comes at a psychological time nnd Is expected to bare a saving stimulus on PRIZE LIST OF $1,000 FOR STATE FAIR COUNTY EXHIBITS Through the efforts of Commissioner of Agriculture .Mat S. Cohen tho agri cultural products of Kentucky will oc cupy u very conspicuous and distinc tive position ut the fifteenth annual Kentucky Stnto Fair, to be held In Louisville tho week of Sept. 10. This year the prize list for county exhibits has been placed at the remnikiiblo fig uro of $1,000, niul In conseipienco thu nttentlon of the entire agricultural In terests of the state will be centered on this particular feature of tho big an nual celebration. The prize list was announced the first pnrt of tho year as reaching the sum of $700. This sum wns Increased recently through tho ef forts of Mr. Wood Crady of tho Louis, vlllo Chemical works nnd of tho ng ricultuml committee of tho board of trade. Ho Induced tho board of trade members to vote nn addltloual sum of $200 and his firm to add anoth er $100 to this amount, thus securing for tho county exhibitors of tho state the unprecedented sum total of $1,000. As the list now stands tho county win nlng first prize will receive $400 In cash, the couu'ty winning second prize will receive $250, and the winner of third prlii will -receive $100. ThU lift FOUNT T. KREMER, l Secretary Kentucky State Fair, the horse breeding Industry of the state. In contrast to the country wide sc te of the commissioner's activities may be cited the fact that he has likewise brought the Interests of tho State Fair to an Intensive point by placing each county ngent on tho advisory board of the Fair and thus securing tho person al, Individual and enthusiastic support of every Kentucky county ns n unit. Kremer an Efficient Secretary, Fontaine T. Kremer, who was elect ed Kentucky State Fair secretnry nt the beginning of tho present yenr upon the lamented death of former Secre tary W. J. Gooch, while newly vested with secretarial title nnd dignities, la by no menus n novice In secretarial experience, having been the "power be hind" preceding Kentucky Stnto Fair secretaries for the past eight years In the comparatively Inconspicuous but Immensely Important post of active mannger and director of finances for the entire vast Institution. To the lay mind tho magnitude of this undertaking Is Impossible of con ception, and only those concerned In the maelstrom of detail, Infinitude of demands and urgency of action surg ing nround the operative forces of tho Fnlr can grasp the signlllcauco of this experience. As no man occupies n dis tinctive position without n training which has consciously or unconscious ly fitted him for the duties of his post, so .Mr. Kremer's entire career has been ! one of preparation for the brllllnnt nnd i efficient handling of tho task before ! him. In his curly manhood he saw long service In Important positions with the Louisville and Nashville rail road general otllces and with the law , and equity division of the Jefferson 'circuit court, thereby absorbing a grasp of detail, knowledge of law nnd famil iarity with finance which grounded him well In knowledge vital to the bundling of the l'alr. in fact. It was this un usual nil round ability, demonstrated year after year to the state board of agriculture, that prompted Mr. Kre mer's election by the board ns secre tary to the Fair. To the agricultural element his selection wns eminently satisfying from the fnct that Mr. Kre mer has been n practical farmer for the past twelve years, owning nnd at present residing upon nnd nctlvely op erating nt Shivcly, Ky., one of tho pret tiest nnd most prosperous farms In the state. For catalogue or information address Fount T. Kremer, Secretnry Kentucky State Fair, Suit 004 Hepubllc Building, Louisville, Ky. tho three yilr.es from $'J."o. $l."K) nnd $100 to the above figures and gives to the Kentucky State Fnlr the largest prlzo list for county exhibits ever of fered by any state fair in the United States with the exception of Dallas. Tex., which Is thu largest and richest fair In the country and has been In ex istence twice as long as the Kentucky Stnto Fnlr. In addition to the cash nwnrds for the best county exhibits. Colonel B. II. Taylor. .lr of Frank fort, Ky.. will give to the county win nlng first prize n handsome sterling silver cup. which will be known as the "Old Taylor cup" and which will bo worth $100. To the man or wonir.n working up In terest In the county exhibit whining n prize will be given a "booster's award" of $00 for the representative of the count v winning first prize, $2." for tho representative of the county winning second prlzo nnd $15 to tho representa tive of the third prlzo winner. For cntalogno or Information address Fount T. Kremer, Secretnry Kentucky Btnto Fnlr, Suit 0O Hepubllc Building. Louisville, Ky. Mnkoyour plans to visit the fifteenth annual Kentucky Stntc Fnlr, to be held In Louisville tho week of Sept. 10. Tills Is "doing your bit" toward stimu lating and encouraging agriculture and stock raising In accordance with tfc government's call.