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The Breckenridge news. (Cloverport, Ky.) 1876-1955, January 16, 1918, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069309/1918-01-16/ed-1/seq-7/

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EUROPE FACES'
DIRE FOOD AND
FUEL SHORTAGE
Inadequate Supply of Heat Im
peded to Cause Much
Suffering.
HOW THE ENEMY STANDS
People Have Less to Eat This Winter
Than Lact, Is Belief Two Foddar
Discoveries Disaffection
In Austria.
London. Europe Is going to load
the simple life this winter and for a
long time thereafter. There is not a
country t lint does not now realize the
real danger of extreme food shortage.
But food shortage Is not the only or
in most eases the worst of the men
aces. The nations fare nnd realize as
never before the exhaustion of nil nec
essary supplies. Although food will be
scarce In all countries, whether bellig
erent or neutral, it Is doubtful whether
that will Impose as much hnrdship on
people as the shortage of fuel, writes
Judson C. Wllllver lu the New York
Sun.
In Europe's cllmnte food 13 fuel to
the body quite as much as It is nour
ishment. Sharply restricted supplies
of food, and that of a doubtful qual
ity and poor vnriety, might be endured
If there were jplenty of fuel. It Is
when the supply of fuel, both outside
and Inside, falls below the necessities
Of physical effort that people begin
to suffer.
Europe hns neither carbon for its
food nor carbon for its fireplaces, nnd
In some respects the northern neutrals
are even worse off than the belliger
ents. Rations of Important food nec
essaries have been reduced by some of
them even below the amounts allowed
In Germany. England is by fnr the
best supplied country in the matter of
food, and the authorities are making
desperate efforts to make the popula
tion, realize that rationing will soon
be compulsory unless food consump
tion is considerably reduced. The food
authorities have announced a policy
of accumulating sufficient reserve to
feed the country for three months,
even if no imports shall be received
during this time.
Question of Shipping.
In the case of England It Is entirely
a question of shipping. Big stocks of
food have been gathered In Australia,
New Zealand, Canada and elsewhere,
but there are no ships to bring them
here. England Is probnbly better situ
ated in the matter of coal supplies
than any other country, but must di
vide with Its allies, France and Italy,
and so fur as possible some of the neu
trals hope to be taken care of from the
English mines.
The German food situation is puz
zling. Apparently the authorities are
not nearly so confident about it as they
would like the public to believe. The
year's harvest turned out more sat
isfactory than seemed probable dur
ing the period of droughts and hail
storms in midsummer, but on the oth
er hand reserves were heavily drawn
upon before the harvest of 1017 was
gathered. Reserves, Indeed, may fair
ly be said to have disappeared.
The carefully cultivated official un-
PRINCESS JEANNE
Little Princess Jeanne, youngest
member of the Italian royal family,
photographed while on a visit to
wounded soldiers recently, returned
from the Italian battlefront. The
princess is one of the most popular
members of the king's family, espe
cially with the Italian public. She la
Idolised by the soldiery.
1 i
SanlS
derstnnrting In (iormnny Is Him ineru
will be a better food supply this win
ter than last. The specific statement
Justifying this expectation are highly
WlSallsfUliUtJi The Munich Medical
union hns declnred that there will he
less food, except potatoes, this win
ter than Inst. Throughout Oermnny
there Is apparently a pretty general
bellet that this is true, nnd wide
spread demand Is voiced for na In
crease In the nllowance of potatoes.
'In Oermany. ns In Englnnd, the Im
mediate result of the harvest was a
great Increase in the marketing of po
tatoes with the consequence Hint In
many plnces there were not storage
facilities to take care of them. The
fenr Is expressed that n not Inconsider
able portion of the potato yield will be
wasted, uirfly heenuse of overronsump
tlon In the agricultural areas and part
ly from inadequacy of storage facili
ties. So from many (lermnn authorl-'
tics comes the warning that despite a
big yield of tubers the coming winter
Is likely to seo conditions quite na bad
regarding them, and worse as to many
other things than last winter.
Ominous Suggestion.
The ominous suggestion Is made by
some of the Oerman food authorities
thnt It will not do to be too free with
porntocs. because later It will he neces
sary to ndx more potato flour with ce
real flour to stretch the supply. Also
as there was a short crop of fodder
throughout the country potatoes are
likely to be required to feed domestic
animals.
The fear of such nn event has caused
widespread demand thnt more hogs he
slaughtered that they may not require
to be fed with potatoes that the peo
ple will need. The number of hogs
In the country has been Increasing this
year, and the fact gives concern be
cause the pig Is an active competitor
of n munition worker or anybody else
In the matter of food requirements.
German authorities have determined
that beyond providing n moderate meat
ration the transmutation of vegetable
Into animal food is a dangerously
wasteful process. So there Is nn effort
to Induce farmers and village dwell
ers to restrict the number of hogs
and cattle to the point where it will
be Just possible to raise the absolutely
necessary meat ration.
The relntlon of the general economic
breakdown to agriculture Is indicated
In both Englnnd and Germany by mat
ters nffectlng the supply of agricultural
machinery. In Germany there Is a
most serious sbortnge of all kinds of
agricultural tools and machines, be
cause the old ones have worn mt and
there Is neither metal nor manufactur
ing cnpnelty to provide new ones.
In England the complaint particular
ly concerns the supply of motor plows.
The government long ago promised
that thousands of these would be fur
nished In time to put a greatly in
creased acreage in cereals under culti
vation In 1918. Now when the fall
plowing season Is on It develops' that
want of shipping or other reasons have
prevented the delivery of nnythlng like
an adequate number of these ma
chines. A Dresden physician who is quoted
as an authority, has recently dis
cussed the German food situation as
regards the requirements and supplies
of various classes of consumers. He
finds that children up to eight
years of age are receiving a reason
ably satisfactory ration, but the
amount allowed to those from eight to
eighteen Is utterly Insufficient nnd thnt
the shortage seriously threatens the
physical vitality of the next genera
tion. Some of the German Jurisdictions
have recently announced that newly
married couples will be granted a
double food allowance for the first six
weeks of their married life! Else
where provision has been made to
double the food allowances of nursing
and expectant mothers.
Two Fodder Discoveries.
The effort to find fodder for animals
has started the professors on many
Investigations and Inquiries. Doctor
Degen, director of the seed testing sta
tion in Budapest, claims to have dis
covered two valuable articles of fod
der. He writes:
"The searush (Bolboschaenus mari
tlmus) was known, as regards the' part
above ground, as a fodder equal In
value to straw. Recent experiments
have, however, shown that the tubers
growing on the roots underground are
far more valuuble. They come very
near to the horse chestnut In the
amount of raw protein, raw fat and
starch contents, without the bitterness.
If they are used for the manufacture
of spirits the wash, either wet or
dried, can also be used for fodder.
"The pond bullrush (Schnenoplec
tus .Incustrls) also contains a valu
able" underground organ. The horizon
tal roots, containing a great quantity
of starch, form a good concentrated
fodder. If used In distilleries the
wash is not so valuable as that from
the searush. But In a time of need
It is a raw materlul that can be used
for various purposes."
Milk famine confronts all Europe.
The situation has long been bud, and
grows steadily worse everywhere.
There Is constunt and Increasing con
flict between the various state and mu
nicipal authorities dealing with the
food question throughout (lerrnany. In
this regard the German situation Is
much more complicated nnd difficult
to handle than the English.
The state and municipal govern
ments In Germany are very Jealous of
their authority In their respective Ju
risdictions, and the federal authorities
dare not or cannot Impose universal
regulations upon them. In Saxony ar
rangements have been made to reim
burse farmers who would Import from
other states cows and heifers In calf.
Farmers making such purchases will
receive a premium of 30 per coot of
JAPANESE BUILD
250 SHIPS A YEAR
Toktn. .Tnpan Is able to hlld
2"0 hlps n year, their tonnage
totaling T.onn.oon. according In
1 government statement. The
shipbuilding business of .Tnpan
hns had nn unprecedented
growth since the beginning of
the war, nnd on September 1
there were 118 shipbuilding
slips own "d bv 42 firms, besides
24 slips which arc building and
will be ready before the end of
the year. These facilities are
more than three times as great
ns at the beginning of the war.
Encli slip Is capable of turning
out n shin of more than 1,(K)0
tonnage In less than a year.
the price paid, not to exceed IMX
marks. This arrangement has caused
violent complaint because the prices
of butt rr and milk are already fear
fully high and the consumers complain
lhat the farmers are making immense
profits from producing tliem.
From Frarkfurt comes the report
thai at present milk dollv rles In thnt
city amount to about one-sixth those
of peace times. Receipts scarcely suf
fice to take care of the privileged cus
tomers. Invalids, nursing and expect
ant mothers, nnd so forth. A large
share ef what Is actually obtained is
produced by the municipal authorities
from their munlclpnl dairies nnd
farms. It has been n very expensive
method, yet the situation Is so bad
that the town hns decided to extend
It still further.
Dissatisfaction In Austria.
German speaking Austria has long
been Jenlous of the comparatively fa
vorable food situation In Hungary, and
recently the disaffection has become
ncute. It is charged that Hungary Is
feeding herself bountifully and leaving
the rest of the empire to shift ns It
can. For whatever Hungary Is will
ing to send Into the German spenklng
regions outrageous prices nre chnrged,
and the subject has been discussed
with painful frankness In the legisla
tive bodies of both states.
It was said that recently Inrd from
Hungnry had been sold In Austria at
nearly eight times the price It would
have cost in Hungary. The same gen
ernl situation prevails as to many oth
er Hungarian food supplies.
The Hungarians complain with equal
rancor that they are charged excessive
prices for nil manufactured articles
produced In Austria. The two gov
ernments have been trying to agree
upon n general policy of leveling down
the prices of both. But at this point
they nre confronted by the same diffi
culty which hns been so many times
experienced In Germany ; no system of
price control will stretch Inadequate
supplies to the point of adequacy.
In Holland the state's control is be
ing extended to almost all food sup
plies. There are Indications that the
rationing system Is going to be estab
lished before winter shall have far ad
vanced. The use of fnt nnd ninrgarlne
by bakers nnd confectioners nnd by
hotels, restnurnnts and clubs In pre
paring food hns been prohibited. The
government hns guaranteed prices for
wheat, rye, oats, barley, etc.
As to crops not nvallahle for food
the areas that may be planted have
been strictly limited; in some cases
to not more than 40 or 50 per cent of
the plantings of normnl years. A pre
mium hns been offered for Incrensed
areas of lund under the plow. The
government Is going to requisition the
entire crop of sugar beets, the factories
will convert them Into sugar, and this
will be turned over to the government
nt a fixed price for distribution. The
price demanded of the public will not
be Increased.
Although Denmark Is, In proportion
to area and population, one of the
greutest agricultural producing and
exporting countries in the world, it Is
now confronted with shortage of al
most everything. The country's but
ter production hus decreused alarming
ly, and there is a demand for ration
ing. The government Is undertaking
to subsidize the production of butter
so. as to reduce prices ; that Is, to ap
ply to butter practically the same rule
that was applied to bread In England.
The English government Is subsidizing
bread to the extent of about $40,000,
100 a year, thus making It iosslble to
sell the English loaf of war bread for
four and one-half cents.
In Norway the government and the
local food authorities are working to
perfect a rationing system In time to
save the country from disaster this
winter. At Ohrlstlanlu u big scheme
for storing reserve's of food hus been
worked out und some 25 warehouses in
various purts of the city are being
stocked. Under a law pussed lust May
the government has estiiblshed a mo
nopoly of the Import of wheat, barley,
oats, rye, beans, peas and lentils and
other grains und meill used for human
food except rice uud potatoes.
Clawed by a Hawk.
St. Murys, O. Cluwed some time
age In u tight with a chicken hawk,
Ben H. Strusburg, forty yeurs of uge,
married and residing In the Fergusou
school district, Is disabled with blood
poisoning affecting one of his hands.
The hawk was killed. It measured
four feet between wing tips.
Damages for Being Called Traitor.
St. Louis. John H. Boyer has been
awarded $1 actual and $200 punitive
damages from Gus V. K. Mechln, who
tried to force Boyer to stand while
The Star-Spangled Banner" was be
ing played. Boyer testified that ho
was called a traitor and assaulted.
SKLLF.TOrvS OF STONt AUt
Clones of Ea:ly People of Japsn Show
They Were Six to Seven Foct
in Height.
Fifteen human skeletons were un
earthed In the province of Knwachl,
near Osaka. This is consider il ill
birthplace of Japanese clvlllzatbsi. Of
the relics of the Japanese stone age,
discovered by Professor Okushl, nine
of the skeletons were In perfect preser
vation, all bones being Inlnct, Fast and
West Mews snys. It rarely happens,
according to scientific records. Unit so
Ml) perfect skeletons ure discovered
In one place.
Among Indications that people of
that period lived on uncooked food, is
Ikf fact that upper and lower teeih
are evenly worn down. Decayed teeih
are not found. The bony structure of
the skeletons are RlnSSive shin bones,
in most eases, are somewhat ll: t. Some
of those skeletons -land seven feet
high; even shorter 00 gl are over six
feet I Skeletons wire found In 11 lying
position, with knee drawn up. With
out doubt, these people belonged to
the stone g( in Japan B0fl00 years
ago. at least.
While making the excavation, stone
implements, earthenware and two cop
per arrowheads were found. Two while
Jade earrings were discovered which
may be of Chinese origin, and of a
much later period. It Is thought this
find may establish a link- between the
stone and bronze ages In prehistoric
Japan. AttflWoJogfeta hold that It
surely Indicates the early people of
Japan had iBtCrOOIiree with other parts
of Aslu. The earthenware patterns
are not necessarily Ainu; the bones
cannot possibly be those of Ainus.
This discovery, revolui ionizes BrejJpO
logical theories of prehistoric Japan.
WHEN ONE IS STRICKEN DEAF
Affliction Accompanied by Depression
Strangely and Intensely Over
powering, Says Writer.
The Invariable depression thnt comes
with the beginning of deafness Is
strangely ami Intensely overpowering
It exists Sometimes indefinitely. The
word depression, as commonly used,
admits of varied shades of meaning,
writes Margaret Baldwin, In the At
lantic. It all but carries with it a
vague impression of lack of will-power,
a more or less voluntary indifference to
moral effect. But lei no one suppose
that its use here indicates any mere
dull, dispirited outlook on life, or any
oilier voluntary mental view of one's
self or one's future. There Is nothing
voluntary about It.
It is n feeling deeply physical us well
as mental n mingled condition of woe
ful sickness and sadness that beggars
description. The distress and shock
over what has happened to one and
the first experience of what it is like.
Is the Initial factor, Hut considering
What It ought to be as compared with
tiie shock of blindness, which, it seems
to me, must be suiliclent to produce
permanent Mackeal despair, the de
pression of deafness is out of all pro
portion. Marriage or a Career.
A woman writer, herself married
and twenty-three years of uge, states
that u woman who expect:; to follow I
an Intellectual life should murry young '
This is u sound view, for the woman
who fully appraises the value of her !
intellectual life realizes thut the best
yean of the mind nre those thut come
ufter the nge of most efficient child ,
bearing. It is 11 very different view
from that of the young women in pro- '
fessions which serve only to bridge the 1
few. brief yeurs between school days
and murrlnge, und for Wham marriage
closes for all time participation in the
world's work outside of the home.
Clearly we can never huve an intel
lctuul emancipation in the world's
work on 11 program thut would confine
professional life to the remurrinpe '
days or make it incompatible with
marriage. The first gives too brief a
period und must subordinate wonuiu
to Inferior clerleul Inbor, while the
second would win intellectuality lit the
sacrifice of normal life and confine
participation in the world's affairs to
a small und abnormal group of woman.
Physical Culture.
Dislikes of Hens.
"Hens ure funny sorts of creatures,"
observes a poultry fancier. "They
huve their likes und dislikes especlul
ly dislikes. If you move a hen she
turns crusty, nnd won't lny eggs. She
likes her old homo, and takes 1111 ulinm
Inuhle time to get used to the new.
"If you wuve u stall within slglit of
tilt occupants of your fowl run, you
will hear u shocking row. This pur
tlculnr noise Is known us the 'danger
signal,' und sometimes will be Indulged
in without u single break for as long
as 20 minutes.
"if you take It Into your head to re
arrange the nest boxes, depend upon
It Biddy will pay you out. She will
miss thut duy with her usual egg.
"Provided they are good, It's wisest
to stick to old things in poultry-keeping,
and not to shift them unless you
are compelled to do so. At leust,
there's one thing yuu can change, and
that's the fodder. Hens won't object
to 1 hat ut all ; lu fuet, they like it."
Haughty Youngster.
James was starting out with his
mother and the new baby. The baby
was put Into the cub which had for
merly been used for James. Feeling
that it belonged to him, he protested
that he should rMe, but was told that
he must let the baby have the cab. Ho
stopped short and said, "Well, I'll call
aUUiC
T(rtrit&irttti&irCr(rCrCrCrCrtrCrrhr
HELPFUL TRACTOR HINTS
Oil nnd grease on a factor are
cheaper than repairs plus time
lost In obtaining them and get
ting started again.
ttOOkaag over all parts of the
machine regularly is Just as Im
portant as regular feeding and
watering of horses.
The wrong kind of lubricat
ing oil wnstes power and fouls
(very working part. (let In
structions from the builders ns
to kind nnd quantity of oil.
Sharp plows call for less pow
er from the engine to do good
work, hence less cost to operate
and longer life for the tractor.
Lengthening of hitches between
engine nnd plow will often elim
inate a large part of side draft,
which Is another way of reduc
ing the cost of the work.
WINTER PLOWING OF VALUE
Importance of Opening Up Soil Not
Generally Realized by Farmers
and Gardeners.
The Importance of opening up the
soil of all land that was not put hito
fall crops In time for it to get the full
benefit of disintegrating frosts and
enriching snows is not so generally
realized by farmers and home gar
deners as It should be.
More particularly are these atmos
pheric effects of value on elny und
other stiff soils, and in the vegetable
garden nnd the orchard the turning
over and loosening of the earth ex
poses the hibernating forms of many
Insects to the shnrp eyes of birds,
poultry and the smaller rodents, while
those that are not eaten perish from
the disturbance.
While it is altogether better that
this working of the ground should he
done in the full, before the ground
has frozen, it can also often be done
during open spells from midwinter
until March, with the subsequent
freezes and snows to produce the good
effects desired. Of course, this can
not he done unless the warm spells
are of sufficient duration to have the
ground thoroughly settled, else the
Job would he dltlicult uud unsatisfac
tory. LEGUMES ARE MUCH FAVORED
Come Nearer to Giving Something for
Nothing Than Any Other Plants
Add NitrogCn.
I Alfalfa, clover, beans, peas and the
: rest of this family produce the most
i nutritious food and nt the same time
j add more nitrogen to the soil than
1 they remove.
Legumes come nearer to giving
j something for nothing than any other
' plants. Yet there Is nothing mysteri
ous about these plants. They have
Turning Under Clover Crop.
bacteria that live on their roots. Thesi
bueterln In return for being given a
home (nodules) on the plant roots and
for food from the plant take nitrogen
from the air und leave It in the soil
for the plant's use.
There ure millions of dollars' worth
Of this nitrogen over each acre; so the
bacteria huve un utmost endless sup
ply to draw on.
The way to tup this greut weulth Is
to grow these plants thut huve these
wonderful bucterla on their roots.
These plains do not do well without
the bucterlu. When nlfnlfu, clover,
pens, lien ns or uny of the other of
these legume plants ure sown on a
piece of laud for the first time it 1h
usually necessury to sow the bucterlu
as well us the plant seed.
In these days when plant food Is so
Important the greatest possible use
should be made of the legumes, the
greatest food producers for man und
beast.
OATS IN FATTENING RATION
Good Feed for Brood Sows and Crow
ing Pigs, But Not So Useful in
Finishing Hogs.
Ground oats will be found a good
feed for brood sows and growing
pigs but not so useful as corn for
fattening hogs. When mude a part
of the fattening ration outs should
not constitute more than one-third of
it, and probably one-fourth would be
better. The great hog fatteuer Is
com, and nothing else on earth equals
It for gains or quality of product. But
corn Is most effective In making gains
when balanced by some tankage or
oats or middlings, and here the oats
may he useful in the fattening proc
PROFIT IN W00DL0TS
Birj Increase in Income Can Be
Made With Good Handling.
Wr Condlticns Make It Important
That Every Cord of Wood Be Util
ised Cost Is Scarce snd
Prices Are High.
trty f. a. Mu.f.i:u. Dean, i.iaho school
of Forestry.
The Fnlted States census schedules
of 191(1 called for the value In de
tail of woodlot products sold from or
used on farms In HUM. This sched
ule Included firewood, fencing mate
rials, logs, railroad ties, telegraph nnd
telephone poles, materials, fnr barrels,
hark, stove wood, or other forest prod
ucts. With proper handling the Income
from the farm woodlots can be tre
mendously Increased, and no other
class of forest land lends Itself quite
so readllv (o forest management ns
Well-Cared for Woodlot.
the farm woodlot, since the necessary
labor can for the most part be per
formed In the winter, or nt other
times when the farm work Is slack.
War conditions make it especlnlly
Important that the farm woodlot be
utilized to the fullest nt this time in
particular as a source of fuel. Coal
is high and scarce and even govern
ment intervention cannot insure an
adequate supply throughout the win
ter on account of Ingot and trans
portation difficulties. Every cord of
fuel wood that Is used will relieve
the tension by Just that much, and
every farmer who can do so will
doublless find It to be to his advan
tage to put in a good supply of cord
wood for himself, and to sell to oth
ers wherever possible. Many farmers
owning woodlots within hauling dis
tance of towns and cities ore now
finding n profitable sale for cordwood
In large quantities.
EFFICIENT SCALY LEG CURE
Insects Which Cause Trouble Can Be
Killed by Application of Sulphur
and Lard.
Poultry kept In dirty houses often is
troubled with coarse scales on the
legs. These nre due to the presence
of mites, which have burrowed be
neath the scales. They are air breath
ing Insects, and the treatment consists
in depriving them of nlr. This Is done
by applying a mixture of equal parts
of sulphur nnd lard, two or three
times. It Is a simple remedy, hut an
efficient one. A free application of
nn ointment made by mixing a tea
spoonful of coal oil with a tencupful
of lard, will bring relief, und should
in a short time work u cure.
WHY RAISE LIVE STOCK?
Because the by-products of
live stock are from year to year
advancing in prices and promise
to continue to In advance.
Among Heap ure wool and hides.
Because no permanent system
of agriculture Is likely to be
adopted If the furnier does not
base thnt on the growing of live
slock, in part. I' Is the lack of
a permanent system that has led
to the exhaustion of our soil,
both us to Its plant food und us
to Its humus.
Because the raising of live
stock enables the farmer to util
ize his pastures, which, rightly
handled, ure umoug the most
profitable ucros on his furiu.
GOOD MIXTURE FOR POULTRY
Blue Ointment and Vaseline or Lard
Rubbed on Fowls Will Keep Away
External Parasites.
Don't forget to dose the hens nnd
chicks, after feathering, with an oint
ment made of equal purts of blue
ointment und vaseline or lurd cure
fully mixed together. Bub this thor
oughly onto the skin under each wing
and slso a little below the vent of
each bird, using a portion of the oint
ment the site of a small grain of
wheat for each of the three places,
and half as much for a half-grown
chick. Repeat once In two or three
months. This Is a sure remedy for all
kinds of external poultry parasites, ex
cept mites.

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