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1 jwwjl ; w ' v-tt-- si; fMffte-ev"$"'V r J ? j s .T H ' 1 r. t PACK SIX REALCRUXFARM ER'S PROBLEMS Due to Foreign Situation is Be, lief of Gov. Harding of Fed eral Reserve Board. Washington, Governor Harding of the Federal Reserve Board announced today that he would begin next week a personal survey of the farm credit situation in the middle West and Southwest to learn at first hand the problems of the country 'bankers and trade organizations. Mr, Harding will start Monday to visit the Chicago Federal Reserve district. Returning here the middle of May for the meet ing of the Federal Reserve governors he will go later to Kansas City, Topc ka, Nashville, Oklahoma City and other localities. The real crux of the farmers' prob lem, in the view of Mr. Harding, is the foreign situation. The farmers, he said, must have a market for their commodities, as they can not go on indefinitely on credit without selling their crops. He thought the reduction of the rediscount rate by the Bank of England might aid American farmers by making posiblc a more liberal mar ket for gram and cotton, not only in Great Britian, but in other European countries. Inequalities in price readjustment between the wholesalers and retailers Yes it can! be dyedl dyed or cleaned That last year's suit or dress can be made to appear like new. Send it parcel post to-day. Swiss Cleaners & Dyers S0 eth St. Louisville, Ky. CLUBBING RATES Daily Courier-Journal and The Breckenridge News; (Pf AA Louisville Times and The Breckenridge News; d Af Louisville Evening Post and The Breckenridge News; d AA Send Your Orders to THE BRECKENRIDGE NEWS CLOVERPORT, KY, tf Real Bargains Corn Planters, one and two row; Riding Cultivators; Walking Plows; Riding Plows; Farm Electric Light Plants If you are interested in any of these or other items that we carry, just write us a post card and we we will give you special price by return mail. This may mean a nice saving to you. Fordsville Planing Mill Co. Jake Wilson. Manager EXCURSION TO Louisville, Ky. S2.40 INCLUDING Sunday, May 22, 1921 VIA I.. H- & St. L. Ry. Leave Cloverport Arrive Louisville.... RETURNING Leave Louisville (Standard Time) 6:10 p. m, THE and the transportation situation also were described by Mr. Harding as contributing causes to the present agricultural situation. It was the Gov ernor's view that a resumption of building would result in a general casing of expenses, including high rents, which would react to the bene fit of the farmers. The Federal Reserve Board, Gov. Harding said, has no specific plan out lined Reserve banks cannot make direct loans to farmers, but can only rediscount loans of member banks. .Reports to the board, Mr. Harding continued, indicate that next year's American cotton crop will be within 75 per cent of this year's total al though at the end of the cotton year, July 1, there will probably by a sur world's supply in present conditions. Therefore, he added, bankers natural ly arc cautious in increasing loans plus of 8,000,000balcs, or nearly a likely be sufficient advances to care on farm paper, although there will for immediate needs of farmers in planting crops. DISABLED VETS TO BE CARED FOR Pres. Harding Tells Wounded Soldiers at Walter Reed Hos pital Nation Will Not Fail Them. Washington, May 5. President Harding gave his pledge today to the disabled soldiers at Walter Reed hospital that the nation would not fail in making them fit to embrace "opportunity which is yours" -as cit izens of. America. Accompanied by Mrs. Harding and Senator Underwood , the president visited the hospital upon the occasion of an cntertaininent for the wounded soldiers arranged by the Alabama society here. In expressing the wish that the mained before him might be restored by the wave of some magic wand, the president declared that the next best thing was for the republic to prove its gratitude to the soldiers by restoring them to a condition in which they might live as far from objects of pity as possible. "I know this thought is in the hearts of the congress," he continued, "and I can assure you that it is in the heart of the executive and more. I know it is in the hearts of the people." As one familiar through his father, a veteran of the Civil war, with the trials through which the South pass ed and the division of the union which it had created, the president stated it as his belief that in the half century which has elapsed, "the great scar has healed." "You soldiers from Alabama and Ohio and the other forty-six states, have succeeded in wiping it out," he exclaimed. That there was no more of section alism in America now, the president said was due to the fact that the people of Alabama wanted precisely the same things as the people of Ohio and he added that as chief executive he was resolved to regard America as a whole and not confine himself to any particular section William and Gordan Dooley. act ors, always make a point of meeting every Doolcy that they hear about in their journeyings over the country. Bill says that in the past 10 years he has personally met 12187 Dooleys in .'ill States, and coming from more than 20 foreign lands. 99 Fordsville, Kentucky TAX ..2:41 a. m. ...5:30 a. m. BRECKINRIDGE NEWS, NOVEL AND SATISFACTORY PLAN BETWEEN LANDLORD AND TENANT Illinois Farm Owner Gives Tenants a Share in the Pro fits in Addition to Stated Salary. ."I took the same interest in my work as a tenant as I take on my own farm. I began work without a dollar and with very little knowledge of farming, but while I was on the farm I learned a good deal. I had ample op portunity to study the principles con trolling crop growth soil improve ment, etc. The inspiration I received was valuable indeed and during my period of service I earned enough money to buy the small farm on which I now live " This extract from a statement made by a former farm tenant 'employee, now a farm owner, reviews a rela tionship between owner and tenant that a great many persons on both sides of the farm-landlord situation may well envy. There is possibly no subject connected with the business of farming which leads to as many misunderstandings, dissatisfactions and mutual losses as the management of a farm by a non-owner. Somebody has said that nothing short of appli cation of the golden rule would ever bring about satisfactory arrangements between the owner and occupant of a farm, and yet, in this case, there was nothing eleemosynary in the arrange ment. Tested Out by Fifteen Years' Trial. The man who made the statement quoted above was for a number of years the manager of one of two ordinary-sized hog farms owned by a man in Illinois, and .the plan under which he was engaged as farm man ager has been followed by the owner with almost unfailing success for more than 15 years. Briefly, the plan was nothing more or less than a straight annual salary which includ ed tenant house and the usual garden and poultry perquisites, and. as a bonus, a share of the net profits. The profit-sharing plan has served to stimulate the efforts of the em nlovec and has greatly lessened the supervision necessary on the part ofi the owner. By the use of the telephone , and occasional visits he is able to keep in touch with the farm problems and to cooperate effectively with the manager. Since the owner was farm inc himself it was important that the management of his other two farms. take as little of his time as possible. Thus far the managers have been selected from the men employed on the home farm, which serves as a training school. How The Net Income Is Determined. The managers arc given a regular monthly wage and a bonus consisting i of one-third of the net farm income, A PLAN TO SOLVE TOBACCO PROBLEM (Continued From Page 3) Una people dealing with the tobacco problem. That is how I found out every bit of your methods of selling, through how many hands the produce moved and tire system of financing through the banks. We found the marketing data before any opinion was given on the commodity. I want to say first that my general conclusion is it is absolutely feasible to organize I the tobacco interests of the United States on the nonperishable commod ity marketing plan, on a co-operative basis, with modern'financing methods, and make a complete success of the business within a period of three years. You cannot do it overnight, be cause you have had the wrong system for about 100 years. You cannot con vert that thing with one crack of your fingers. But it can be done. No matter when you start, it is going to take a certain period of time to do it. I think the year 1921 is going to prove the key year for a whole lot of agricultural problems. The farmer has been made to feel in a dramatic manner not only how helpless he is, but how backward his whole system is. There is no in telligent method in it. I am not sure that the year 1920-21 is not the great est blessing the grower ever had. It is a bitter sort of blessing. During this year the grower may elvolve a permanent system through which he will reap more benefits in one year than he lost in five years. I suggest that we adjourn with the thought that the fundamentals of co operative marketing can be applied to tobacco and I promise you there is an application to tobacco and I will make that application as soon as we get together again. Not Violative of Sherman Act. A MEMBER Before adjourning, is it not a violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law? MR. SAPIRO No. A MEMBER Because the farmers and laborers are exempt? MR. SAPRIO Not wholly, 'be cause the layman interprets the pro visions differently from the way the lawyer doc? I am conservative. If you fomi an a"ssociat;cr without capital stock and go out. and at the sam,e time t"io you co-ojicraMve associaf'on en courage a reduction campaign, I would say it was a violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law. You are exempt from the Sherman Anti-Trust Law only as to your form of organ ization. As to your operations, you still have to be a merchandiser, not a man, who prevents or solves t a, merchandising problem by artificial means and restrictions. A MEMBER Have you read Ken tucky's anti-pooling laws? MR. SAPIRO Yes. ' A MEMBER Is that in violation of that? MR. SAPIRO I believe not. I want to say incidentally I wasn't as CLOVERPORT, KENTUCKY In determining the net income 8 per cent interest on the valuation of the property is first taken out, as due return for capital, after which all ex penses' arc deducted, such as ' for thrashing, the miagcr's wage, extra labor, machinery repairs, depreciation and the cost of fertilizers and seeds. Each of the two managed farms has ,i house for the manager, who also can use the work horses to drive for personal use, has a garden, and a cow or two for suppjying the family with milk and butter. Fifty chickens are furnished, and the family is per mitted to raise as many 'as possible to supply the needs of the farm table, but on December 1, all the chickens above the original number must be sold, and the landlord gets one- half the receipts. The purpose of this limit on chickens is to enable the manager to have his own poultry supply with out taking undue advantage of his op portunity. , In order to calculate the amount of money which the manager is to re ceive on this plan it is necessary to do a certain amount of bookkeeping. This is left to the owner, who keeps a set of farm accounts, and on March 1, a complete inventory is taken and a yearly summary of the farm busi ness is completed. In case of disease, poor crops, or a partial failure which is unavoidable, thus cutting down the income of the manager, the owner makes some allowance and gives the manager, in addition to the wages he has received, what he thinks is due him for the work he has done, and the responsibility he has assumed. In the period before war inflation the managers made from $41 to $40 per month the year round, in addition to having their rent, garden, milk, b.uttcr, and eggs. The manager of the smaller farm, comprising 90 acres, teceived $35 a month straight wages for four years up to 1918 and his bon us averaged $108 a year. The man ager of the other farm, comprising 100 acres, formerly received $30 per month and was increased to $35 and his yearly bonus has aycraged $270. When the fact is taken into consid eration that the managers employed under this system are provided with houses in which to live and are given the privilege of raising their home supplies of vegetables, milk, poultry, and eggs, it will be seen that their necessary expenses are inconsiderable and it must be conceded -that they arc well paid for their services, in view of the fact that they have no investment risk. The length of time which the men remain on the farms shows that this method of employ ment must have been satisfactory both to employee and landlord in these cases. It should be pointed out, however, that the tenant should have absolute confidence in his landlord before he would be justified in work ing under this system. leep on your pooling acts. I read them, Texas, Arizona, Idaho, North Carolina, South Carolina, Nortli Dakota and some of the other States, all in this one year, have passed laws under which these associations can organize properly. I was in hopes you would bring it before your Legisla ture, because if you do you would find it the most perfect kind of plan to be worked out. Incidentally, your co-operative law is not adequate. If you were to organize the kind' of as sociation I have in mind for you. you will organize under the laws of North Carolina, South Carolina or Tenn.es see. You will have to take a neighbor ing State, because the laws in Ken tucky are not up to the laws in some of the other States in that regard. I am saying it without any criticism on your State group, because as you know they are. On this particular is sue you State has not kept in line with some of the other Common Wealths. But we will prepare a law for Ken tucky and count on you to have Ken tucky put itself abreast of the most modern farm legislation in Anu-nca. (At this point adjournment was taken until 10 o'clock Saturday morn ing.) (To be Continued) GROWING RADISHES IN ALASKA. When the gold miners in snow bound Alaska craved something green to eat, or demanded such food to keep off scurvy and other diseases, they scraped the snow from a little patch of ground and planted radishes in the few inches of surface soil that was not frozen Radishes thrive under a wide range of conditions, say garden specialists of the United States De partment of Agriculture. Radishes grow rapidly under the warm sun shine of spring in Alaska while the last of the snows on the hillsides are slowly melting and flooding the streams in the valleys. BRECKINRIDGE PAYS $210.82 TO KY. HOUSE OF REFORM. Frankfort, May 6. State Inspector and examiner Henry E. James, today reported to Governor Edwin P. Mor row that he had collected $5,070.94 from four counties, due to the state to the houses of reform at Greendate. for children sent from the counties The amounts follow: Breckinridge county, $210.82; Campbell county, $549.35; McCrackcn county, $3,805.97 an'd Lincoln county, $230.82. EGG AND SAL MON SANDWICHES. One-pound can pink salmon, re move bones and skin. Pick salmon apart with a fork. Six hard-boiled eggs chopped fine. Moisten with sal ad dressing thinned with cream. This makes fifty sandwiches. FARM PRICES OF PRODUCTS SHOW SLIGHT DECLINE. ' Farm prices that were relatively high on December 1, 1020, as compar ed to the 5-year pre-war average 1009 1010 to 1013-14, showed slight decline by March 1, 1921, and those which were relatively low showed a great decline in that period, according to reports recently compiled, by the Bu reau of Crop Estimate) of the United States Department of Agriculture. Using 100 as a basis for comparison to indicate the 5-year average, the statisticians say that wheat, for ex ample, was 108 on December 1, 1920; 171 on January 1, 1020; 107 on Feb ruary i; and lor on March 1. Corn, which was 119 on December 1, 1020, as compared to the compara tive figure of 100 of the 5-year pre war price, was 107 on March 1, 1021, Potatoes', which were relatively high being 188 on January 1, 1020, were 125 on .March 1, 1021. Cotton, which was relatively low, was 115 on January 1, and 8.1 on March 1. Butter, eggs and chickens showed the highest rela tive price compared to the 5-ycar average, the figures being 195 for but ter, 218 for eggs, and 208 for chickens. Flax, cotton, barley, and corn were lowest compared to the 5-year aver age, the figures being 110 .for flax, 115 for cotton, 117 for barley, and 119 for corn. ANNUAL MEMORI AL DAY ON MAY 30 President. Harding Issues Pro clamation Declaring Mon day, May 30 Holiday. Washington, May 4. The annual Memorial Day proclamation setting aside May 30 as a holiday was issued by President Harding. The text fol lows: "Whereas, this nation has been conceived in prayer and devotion by men and women who were moved under God to found a nation where principles of right should form the lasting cornerstone; and whereas, these principles purchased at the price of great sacrifice have been fostered by a worthy posterity; and whereas the great war has lately laid its costly demands upon our lands now, therefore, I Warren G. Harding, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim Monday, May 30, a day already freighted with sacred and stimulated memories, a day of public memorial. I invite my fellow-citizens fittingly to pay homage on this day to a noble dead who sleep in homeland, beneath the sea or on foreign fields so that wc who survive might enjoy the blessings of peace and happiness and to the end that liberty and justice without which no nation can exist, shall live forever. "In witness whereof I have here unto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done in the District of Columbia this third day of May, in the year of our Lord 1921, and of the independence of the United States the 145th. "WARREN G. HARDING." EAGLE "MIKADO i7"JP3iPBV. rfftSjKXaKAUaXixzAJ For Sale at your Dealer Made in five grades ASK FOR THE YELLOW PENCIL WITH THE RED BAND EAGLE MIKADO EAGLE PENCIL COMPANY, NEW YORK Can aa aea rail r, .ppee) . .'dBOBBM. m mm SB aM I I 4a. bVAbbbbbbb 1 JVmV eTVs3sBBSslre M mvVi A ll In 11 If I mUI m Jml Not and if you have a Sharpies Suction-feed Separator you don't have to, for it skims equally clean whatever speed you turn. But with every other separator you must turn the crank at just exactly the speed stamped on it, or you will lose cream every timet The wonderful Sharpies Suction-feed varies the milk feed in direct pro portion to the separating force never more milk in the bowl than it can perfectly separate. All other separators have a fixed milk feed. Thus when turned below speed much of the milk runs out without being perfectly separated, and some gets into the cream. Hkmtaw SHARPLES Famous Suction -Food S "Skims clean at any Spaad" fa EIPARATOR the only separator that : skims clean at widely varying speeds gives the same thickness cream regardless of speed skims your milk quicker when you turn-faster has only one piece in bowl no discs, easy to clean has knee-low supply tank and once-a-month oiling Sharpies is positive insurance against carelessness and its consequent cream waste, because it skims clean at any speed. A Peed indicator, which rings a bell when you turn an old-style fixed-feed separator below speed, is really an acknowledge ment of the vast $upriority of Sharpies, which automatically prevente losses from irregular turn ing Instead of simply announcing them. Call at my store and I will be glad to demonstrate to you this and the other superior features of the Sharpies. HARNED PRODUCE ft FEED CO. HskssI, Ktsttacky Qda:Skfl4Rf4lf.fi.QilctfiliHkv, , , MAY 11, litf TSSkw NEXT DK5T. MEET ING DRAKESBORO Methodist Conclude District Conference at Lewisburg Lcwisburg, Ky., May 5. The edu cational movement of the Methodist Episcopal church South, was explain ed to the Owcnsboro district confer ence here today by the Rcy. A. P. Lyons, president of Logan college, Russcllvillc, Ky. The meeting adjourned tonight after an address by Bishop Collins' Denny, Richmond, Va. Four ministers were recommended for admission on trial to the annual conference, eight delegates to the con ference meeting in Scottsville, Ky., were named and two divinity students were licensed to preach. Rev. L. K. May, presiding elder, of the Owcnsboro district, presided at the conference, and more than one hundred preachers and delegates were in attendance from Daviess, Muhlen berg, Ohio, McLean, Hancock, Breck inridge and Logan counties. Sermons and addresses were deem ed by Rev. T. T. Fraizcr, Hartford; Dr. C. P. Moore, Louisville; Dr. Carl C. Gregory, Owcnsboro; Dr. Grant, Central City; Dr. J. B. Adams, Louis ville; Dr. J. P. Lyon, president of Logan college, Russcllvillc, and Dr. W. C. Frank, of Greenville, and a number of addresses by laymen re presenting various churches in the district. Outside of the regular business, the Christian educational movement that has been launched by tjhe M. E. church, South, was the special fea ture of the conference, and much en thusiasm has been manifested. The next conference will be held at Drak csboro, Ky. Women Made Youngri Bright eyes, a clear skin and a body f 1 -.11 T M-t !! ItAMltt . ttt 4J iuu ui jruuui cuiu ucuii4 tuajr w yours if you will keep your system in order by regularly taking COLDMEDAL The world's standard remedy for kidney. -'H liver, bladder and uric acid troubles, the 4 enemies of life and looka. In use sinew Mjj 1696. All druggists, three sizes. Look for the name Gold Meclaloa every keel and accept do imitation Pencil No. 174 you do it? Every making it thin and uneven. Thousands of actual tests have proven that 19 out of 20 persons do turn too slow most of the time, and that everybody turns too stow some of the time. Get a m asflssst 9 ' IHr 3 - IsSSSBslfl 3 ' ffinM nv BBBBBBslsBBBBBBBBBBBii BBsfi KsBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBsi " IX 'iCTiaMfrl M i '