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Hopkinsville Kentuckian. [volume] (Hopkinsville, Ky.) 1889-1918, February 03, 1910, 1, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069395/1910-02-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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j PAOIO 2 wwrM
x11 Mw r
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Farm aria
k How to Secure and How to Store thee
Crop For Future Use
Ice Is as workable liP wood so It canr
bo either split or sawed uio desirable ±
sections tor handling and storing
Commercial Ica maltIng IR generally In
cnrricdon with an eye single to rapid j
I ity rather than accuracy In cake dla
measlons so tbe ice plow is used and f
tho cakes split otto tbus leaving the p
unScr side of each cake irregular
mating close storage impossible The f
slower and better process for the
< armer la the ice saw or in lieu of this q
the > common crosscut saw which is i
fauna on nearly all farms Lake or
pond Ice has the preference over river
Ice dno to tbe fact tbat there is no v
current beneath Pond ice freezes r
thicker and Is less liable to contain air c
bubbles meaning clearer and more
uniform cakes
Avoid slush or snow ice as roach as la
possible Watch for those several
days of continuous bard freezing then oUt
tap the ice Held at its best Six inch y
r jf
ace Is of course good but eighteen Inch at
is better as tbe thicker tile cake theto
Clear tbe 01
better Its keeping quality
Held of snow and wltb either line or
straightedge mark oft the cakes to be In
cur using any sharp pointed Instrobe
meat for tbe marking Au old tilebl
makes a good tool for tbe purpose te
Marls tbe Held off into eighteen inch t o
squares being careful to have cakes
cut exactly to measure for in no otber fie
close be accomplish the
Troy can storage t
ed Cut out corner cake wIth an aIn
and start the saw exactly on tbe lineIn
holding saw stralgbt up and down stili
Remove one handle from the saw and VE
in its place attach a small weight said 1n
Ttrelgbt adding much to tbe rapidity P
of the sawing Two pairs of ice tongs H
at about 50 cents each complete the y
outfit for tbe farmers Ice harvest rl1
In building an icehouse get good
smooth drop siding for the outside and m
paint it nor tbe Interior any old luui pI
her will do for nil tbut Is necessary JH 51
something to bold the sawdust used in nl
packing from tbe outer wall Leave pi
spaces between studding open at the c
top To accomplish this the inside i I n
sheathing should stop nt about four PInches
Inches below the plule at top of stud Jt
ding thus allowing the side air t 1
How out nnd over the stored mass
thence out through small windows
which should be provided in each end sJ
Dudas the peak IE
of the building as near
as possible These openings should k
be filled with upward slanting blinds t1
thereby forcing Inflowing air currents f
upward and away from the Ice insur a
Jug free circulation at nil times These n
openings should never be closed for In
through them must escape dumpnusx d
that stored Ire always produces
The size of the building must be de f
termined by the amount of ice to be f
used If for family use only then K
12 by 14 feet with eight foot studding
will give ample storage space but for r
dairy use tin building should be en t
larged In proportion to the demands t
put upon It
A Wisconsin farmer puns up such an
icehouse aH is shown in the illustra t
non at a very low cost Each winter
ho fills it when be could be doing little
else Be bus half n dozen customers
to whom IQ supplies ice during the
summer ana makes n handsome profit
from the transaction
Possum Hunting In Queensland
Among the wnyn of earning n living
in the colony of Queensland the col
looting of fur skins combines cousld I
Oracle profit wltb u tine adventurous I
Ute iu the open air In tbe bushUll
term which describes nil country parts
plain bill and forest away from tbe 1
settlements The possum Is protected
by tbe government of Queensland till
May 1 op which date young men Issue
forth for n campaign against the wily
animal whose skin makes such beau c
tiful carriage and other rtIPS and forms t
tbe materltu for ladles furs all overI
Europe Kormerly shooting was re l
sorted to but now trapping Is found 1
to be tbo meat efficacious menus of Be t
curing a good hag Most of the trap t
pers work In couples or employ ana
live and suureH ot thin wire are used
No TrespassingI
Wbeu you wish p < > rwh slini to go t
I across another mans land go and ask I
f Ut n ont tike It for gruultll that
j iI i be nil right You can only
i iJ re of that by going 0 headquar I
tRfY4 ua Vfllklutr with thy mustf
I 1d a
Principle Upon Which Regulated Stock
Provender Is Bated
The former niids u great deal about
feeding rations much of which is all
Greek He Is apt to class It among the
scientific talk that dues not directly
appeal to his needed knowledge This
u mistake The uprlcullural coll a
go deep into the matter and unearth
truths that will greatly assist the farm
to reap a lot ot good
A little plain talk about what these
rations mean may hip at great worth to
those who keep stock
it Is to be admitted that much Is sail
tho agricultural journals on thIs au
sect tbat Is not practical but yet rite
application of a few primary princi
ples to feeding suggests tho way that
practical feeds are doing things
There are flve classes of materials In
feeding stuffs viz protein carbony
drates oil or fat minerals and water
Tbo mission of protein is to produce
can meats In the body make blood
build up new tissues etc By carbohy
drates is meant tbe starchy materials
which give heat fat and energy They
represent simply tbat part of hay
corn potatoes and bread tbat goes to
keep the body warm produce energy
for work and fat where tbe animal en
larges i
Cotton seed has a good deal of fat oc
oUtwhile corn has a moderate amount
Tbe latter constituent like starch will
also furnish heat energy nnd fat and
being more concentrated than tbe
starchy materials will afford more
than twice as mucb heat fat or energy
will an equal amount of starch or
Mineral substances make teeth and
bones and to a certain extent contrib
to muscle and flesh Professor
Burkett of the Kansas experiment sta
Lion says we take tbe bran from the
wheat and give it to our cattle nnd
pigs giving only tbe soft whto part
tbe wheat to our children which Is
aching in mineral materials This Is
often the way with a good denl ot our
food That explains why our children
often have poor teeth and weak bones
Plain common water is an Important
Ingredient in foodstuffs People must
Gene protein for bone muscle and
blood They must Gar starchy raa
erlals and fat to keep the body warm
create energy and to make tatI
In corn alone there would not be suf
Icient protein to supply the wants of
he body To add timothy hay for
nstance to corn as is so often done
feeding work horses there would
till be a lack qt protein as there Is
very little protein in timothy But if
nstead of feeding all corn a few
pounds of bran or cottonseed meal or
Insecd oil meal would be added then
you would more correctly balance the
ration supplying the protein
The above ration is merely given to
explaIn the point That it can be im
proved upon there is no question Tbe
secret in feeding therefore is to fur
oral the necessary Ingredients In tbe
propel proportion When you teed corn
cottonseed meal nltiUfn and clover j
buys or tbe mixed ration you are sup
plying necessary materials for growth
maintenance and fat production
Pumpkins That Talk
Even the farmer once the type of
iimpllcity and now progressiveness is
earning hov to advertise through his
knowledge of the weaknesses of na
tarp One of these weaknesses Is
oundin the lordly pumpkin Hnilse
growing pumpkin and the scar will
never be cleared away but will show
n the ripe pumpkin in the shape of
delicate little yellow wa + Starting
with this principle alone shrewd
farmers have made their pumpkin
farms valuable After the vegetables
get good sized and prove that they
will be fine ones they go Into the
patch and with a sharp stick scar
them so that when they are ready for
market their happy faces bear lu
words of warts legends like these
Ent me at Smiths Smith will
make pies of me soon Browns pies
arE best Jones pies are delicious
You can eat me Inside
The wily farmer hauls these warty
fellows to market and calling Smith
Jones and Brown from their respective
restaurants shows the strange freak
of nature Ot course a sale is made
on sight and the pumpkin lies at the
front of the restaurant for a few days
to astonish passersby until it must be
made into pies to save it Then tbe
farmer discovers another freak primp
kin suitably marked to replace it
Fancy prices are to be had for these
pumpkins and stony patches tbat
would never pay taxes in any other
crop produce wealth In pumpkins
t I
New PlanteI
But few farmers have any Idea ot
thP great work our government is dIng
ng In the way of introducing net
cants and fruits from o ° old world
Into the United States During trio I
ast fiscal year more than 2000 seeds I
md plants were brought In the de
partment of agriculture has explorers
onstantly on the outlook for nil kinds
ot plants and fruits that seem capable
of good yields In our own country
TblY are picked up especially in Man
burls Korea and China There are
peclraens from wild apricot trees ten
eet in diameter There are wild
rapes and wonderful persimmons and
bush cherries nail other curious and
aluoble specimens that most of us
ever even dreamed of
Forges on the Farm
The rrnlii advantage ot having a
mall forge on a farm Is not so much
Lie saving of money as the Having of
line A little job of repairing can bo
lone In the tltno that It would take to
et to town and back nnd the copt of
be work I H miveil beside A good I 1
lortabU forge can be bought fur ii
r aJntir + rrrw + wwwrww + nnnrn xra
Ask the man with whom you talk typewriters 1
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