Newspaper Page Text
'ia.nBafWm4( 4fwiKwvn r.
l s.J jLttt fo ... . : ; i ' .VM -; & " at mttiimmn t, C f i VOLUME 24. MARION, CRITTENDEN COUNTY, KENTUCKY, MAY 21, 1903. NUMBER 50 DIAMONDS IN KENTUCKY Every Condition Similar to the South African Diamond FieldCopper Found on One of The Reed Veins Working Life In England Instructive Article on Zinc Ores. LARGE DECREASE IN JOPLIN DISTRICT The American Musotim of Nat-oral HiBtory in Now York has on exhibition Bpocimons of groon rook known iib dunito, which occurring in conjunction with car-bun. bearing Btrntn, oarboniforoiiB onmldtone and ahalea in portions ut Klliott county, Kentucky, has given rise to the suggestion that Kentucky may contain diamond deposits which will one day make the State 8a American Kimborly. The Journal of the Amorioau Museum states that tho question it undecided, but that tho conditions are so favorable that tho diamond Held theory ia at least plausible for Kentuoky. On an opening made on the White farm, that lays barn one of the Reed veins, Harry Watkins finds quite h considerable percentage of ooppor in tho form of carbonate of copper mixed with the flaor spar. Should this ontinae, and copper is n deep-seated ore, the money to bo 'nade in thla wonderful district can oaroely be oomputed, In England, where fluorspar aud tin are almost invariably associated, tnoro or less, copper is always found. We should also find, in oonnoo. tiou with our fluorspar, a tin ore, but probably very fev of us aro ncquainted with its charactorietics There are several varieties, tho most common, perhaps, boing stream tin, known to ss cRBsitorite, vorying in color from a light brown to a lustrous black. It oooura iu grains mid pebbles, having subrouudod and rounded forms, aud ia quito its specific gravity boing vory similar in handling to that of lead. It would be wise for prospootors generally to sooure and roaorvo for assay or analysis any heavy that they may bo with, iib all inotalic oroB show by their weight a valuo that more earthy doposits do not have. Of course Bhould tho voins passing through tho Rood addition ti Marion carry both tin and cop. per in addition to thoir lluor spar, zino and lead, their valuo could hardly be figurod. Caroful aoru. tiny will bo given to tho output hero, and it ia vory probablo that dovelopmonts will bo made that will astonish tho country. A gOBBipy lottor from Mr Chan. Stuinmitz' brother, who is now I )oatod in Manohobtor, England tolls Bomo of tho poouliaritios of English mnnufaoturing and working life: "The olimato in this, tho northern part of England, is vory By roforenco to my diary I seo that it has rainod tho last nino UayB. It is owing to this olimatio peculiarity that exists, as its existonoo is duo to the largo numbo of cotton mills locatod horo, and hey aro here beoauao of tho oxooBsivo tho atmoarliero onabling them to handlo moro cotton threads to the loom thn oleowhoro and o make tho finest cotton toodl. "Hustling horo, ns wo use the torin, is an unknown factor. The mon start in tho works at (, work until 8, breakfast at 8:H0, work up to 12:30, dinuor to 1:30, Saturdays oloao at 12:30, but on Monday they do not atart until 8:30. This is owing to an institution known horo au wook ond, that is, a holiday from Saturday noun till Monday morning. Everybody who can raiso tho prico goeB somewbere Tho ofiioialB get at their offioes about 0:30, have lunch from 1 to 2, toa from 1 to 5, and dinner any timo thoy got through with their work, It is very amusing to go into an ofiioo at 1 o'olook and be invitod to a cup of tea. The olerks or "darks" a they term them, take lunch at some sort of tea room or cafe, and with their light lunch play a game of ohess, cheokors or dominoes, provided by t the cafe. I went to one of Cook s oflicoB, the tourist agent, about 1 o'clock to draw some money, on my letter of credit. After keep ing mo waiting about fifteen min- utoa they told me the cashier.Was out to lunch, and to call again in ono aud a half or two hours. Iu f thoir banks they have no railing on tho counter; they weigh their gold coina and handle thorn with a small shovel. No paper money of a less denomination than ono pound, livo dollars, is issued or used." lion. It. Barret of Galona, III., contributes an interesting and articlo on zino ores and zinc mining to tho Galona Gazetto from which wo mako extracts. "As tho mining of zino oro in t h it Boction of the country is increasing so rapidly, and the developments ulroady iimdo show so ooiu'luuivoly that thiB ia a very rich zino juining district, it may bo woll to publish somo facia in rogard to ziuo and zino mining that aro not gonorally known to those who aro iutorostod in it. Aside from tho tillage aud cultivation of tho laud, zino mining is becoming by far tho most important industry, and ita importance will Boon bo much greater than it is at prosont. Tho inoroasa in the production of zino for the last six yours haB not avoraged 10 per cent a yoar, but tho consumption haB iuoroasod iu tho Unitod States over ouo hundred por oont during tho samo timo. Tho demand, both in this country aud Europe, ia constantly iuoroasiug, and it is stated iib a positive fact that it will tnko many yours for tho increase in production to oqual the presont domanda. Eightoon furnaooB have boon addod by smoltera iu KansaB, Toxiib, aud Colorado since 11)01, and it is not known whoro they can obtain oro to supply them. Zino oro mining iu Missouri, in-significant in 1888, had grown to immouBo importanoo in 1897. It is vory oasy to boo that prices must furthor advauoo, for tho output of tho ziuo initios of Europe is stea. dily decreasing. "If tho phenomenal prosperity of tho mining districts in Missouri Iimb beon brought about when the piit'o of ore averaged only f90 00 per ton, and tho zook yielded less than 10 por oont. of zino ore, what may bo expeoted of this district when tho prioo of ore is over $30 por ton, and tho rook yielding from ton per oont. to forty por cont.. Tho consumption of the difrerent kinds of zino oro that aro mined in this country is prin cipally for tho following purposes: About one-fourth of tho whole Jb made into zino oxides, for paints and similar usos. Moat of the ores usod for thoso purposes are carbonate of zino aud aro usually found above the permanent level of tho water; while most of that made into speltor, (that is, metallic zino) oomos from bolow permanent wator lovol, aud is a sulphide of zino, commonly called black jack. Tho amount made into speltor is about throo. fourths of the whole. In tho last numbor of "Contributions to Economic Geology," published by the United States Geological Survey, a preliminary, report on our mining district is made by Prof. E. O. Ulrich. It was our good fortune in the early inception of mining here during the years 1889 and 1890 to have the benefit of this gentleman's and geological knowledge. Indeed had it not been for Professor Ulrioh'e "stjoktoitativeness" we doubt very much if we should now be shipping a million pounds of zino and four to five million pounds of lluor spar monthly, besides the various concentrating plants that are being eroded in different sections of the district for the handling of our sulphide ore of le&d and zino. Professor Ulrioh in this advance publication of result and conclusions, confirms with additional emphasis his conclusions of a doz. en years ago. We quote in a condensed form a few of his very interesting statements: "The district for the first time in its history are having numorous veins and mines systematically prospeoted and developed." "Jt seems probablo that a field oontainiug mines that woro operated with profit for the load ore alone, tho zinc oros and lluor spar being left on tho dumps, should under compotout and modern management become a produoer of importance." "Tho roads aro bad, a condition common to all now Holds. Two-thirds of tho district lio fully fivo miles from tho Illinois Contral railroad, which traverse it. Two navigable rivers, tho Ohio and the Cumberland, aro also boing usod, and this cheap modo of shipment must exert a considerable influence on tho development of tho Hold." "Tho most marked structural feature qf this district is au series of fractures. All available evidence tands to the oonolusion that vein deposits occur in all the iraoturoB, whore either ono or both walls aro lime, stone, excepting where tho fractures aro oooupiod by poridotite dikoB. It has boon proved by do- velopmonts in nearly nil tho minos of the district and nearly all tho promising prospoots, that aithor the St. Louis or Princeton limestone oooupy one of both sides of the fracture." "There are at least 30 fauItB in the district, traoeable for distances of from 2 to 20 miles or more. Of the subsidiary Hssues there are probably hundrods, and it is my beliof that many of them will prove more produotivo for equal lengths than the voinBin tho main faults. Taken as a whole the fractures fait into at least two (and probably four) woll defined one trending northeast, tho other northwest. The northeasterly arete m M the wore prominent and its fractures tnuro gonorally mineralized t It aip Ihoso of tho other systems." We shall await with great interest Professor Ulrioh'e full illustrated roport, whloh is now in preparation and will bo published by tho survey in lato sumnior. In tho grand oloantip that will be made 'in the lioreaftoi, there will of odurso be a large representation ofi mining" mon; at least we hope thore will be, as some of us will need their services badly to do-a little 'mining fdr Water. There will be one oIbbs of miners, however, who will probaly have to stand UieMieat. It's the oneB that aro always and etornally finding fault with other people's property. For instance, ou the Colunibia mine a centraot has been let for a Hrst class 50 ton daily separating plant; ihe parties letting it have been in the busiue&e of mining and smelting the class of ores pro duoed here for a decade. It is to be presumed they know their at least up to this iime no one has ever questioned that faot, yet we are told by one of these "knowalla" that a buoket of ore occasionally is all that this great property will produce, and that it is foolish to erect a separating plant. In the deep shaft on the grounds, belonging to the zino blende jnade ita appearance at 1G0 feet. The Mineral Point, Zino company, through an arrange ment with the Fluorspar people, for takiBg over their zino show-, inga in their various properties commenced work here. At 184 feeimihrsvbaCt'galeas (leadere) and flnor spar came in very heavily with but littlo, if any, zino. As it is zino and not load that the Mineral Point Zino company thoy having a large zino plant at Mineral Point, Wisconsin, they notified tho Fluorspar company, who aro already takiug out great quantities of leaded fluor spar from tho same ground, that thoy would oommonce work on the Holly instead, another shaft that shows strongly in "Jack," and now tho party tells us that the mino has pinohod out ou account of tho Mineral Point people stopping work. But about tho worst is the Effel tower lie regardiug tho "Old Jim" mino. Tho owners of this crop, orty havo probably beon at moro trouble and expanse in procuring and disseminating knowledge regarding our various oros than any ono olso in tho Held, and if wo rightly tho vory people who would gloat ovor'a falling off in revenues of tho Old Jim woro tho very pooplo whom Blue & Nunn took especial paius to teaoh the A, B, O, of the mineral kingdom; and not only that, but in various wayB, and in wayB that only a largo, broad minded, established oonoorn could do, to forward thoir intorosts. In tho deposition of zino ores in tho Old Jim mine nature was in an extraordinary liber, ul mood; noothor proporty in the world cuu duplicate it. Still took hor usual oourso, aud whoro thoro was a orevioo 00 foot wide bho filled it with ziuo as she did tho opouings of but 24 inohes; still, whorover thoro was tho slight. OBt cavity it was filled to tho brim, In tho natural ordor of ovonts thousands of tenb of zino have boon marketed, other thousands aro boing markotod, and othor thousands are being mined for market. The Old Jim mino today shows the most romarkablo of both carbonate and Jaok that itevor, has had at any timo during its entiro workings; and yot wolnrb to'lH by those nls that the "Old Jim" ia about I I FOR SALE High Class Mineral Rights ! About 3000 feet lineal of same vein as. the Riley mine and joins Riley mine. Land owned by J. O. Kjmsolving. The rights cover everything but the farming privileges. Owner will show vein. Experts say there aro four or fivo locations , for shafts that promises as much as the Riley mine. 500 feet of this vein cannot be worked out in a life, time. Club together and buy this good commission for sale. Address Geo. C. Hughes, Price $7,500. 613 As tho Old Quaker said to the man who was telling about other peoplo'e property, "Friend, if the dovil, should ask me to bring him tho greatest liar on earth I should put my hand on your shoulder and say, friend, the devil wants you.' Dudley Baldwin, of ..Cleveland, hao closed a deal in Knoxyille, Xean, for over 2,000 acres of zino lands, and has secured options oh a number of other large traots in the zino belt of; that seotiop. Bald win was there last week in consultation, with Geo. T. Wilder, pension agent, and closely inspected the property. He has made arrangements for the ereotion of a mill, the construction of whioh is tp begin at once. Ha is .at the head of a syndicate which inoludee besides a wealthy Connecticut man,.H Clay Evans, former Unl ted States commissioner of pensions, and Wosley Adams, of Chat tanooga. Since spring has opened up, operations in the zino region around Milton have taken on new The Ohio Zino Mining oonw pany of Ottowa, Ohio, have n depth of 100 feet and are finding zino ore. Milton is on the line of tho proposed oleotrio railway to run from MoMinnvillo to Nashville, the deeds to the right of way for whioh havo already boon seoured. At Joplin for the week onding May 17th, tho lower prices offered for zino ore induced many of the larger producers to withhold their production. Zino ship in e n t s showed a decrease of 222 tons and lead ores of 269 tons. The values woro $20,156 less than the week before. The highest price for the week was $40 per ton for several lots of zino oro; lead hold ing steady at $54 per ton. Tho year's output has been 16,. 000 tons leBB than the first four months of last year, and it iB prac tically impossible for the Joplin district to meot tho demand of the smoltera of zino ores this yoar. Tho automobilo that transacts businoBS between the Illinois Cen. tral dopot and the hotels, will re. ooivo a now coat of paint in the noar future It may bo of interest to strangers to learn that the sienna with whioh this moving resort is paintod was mined on Dudley Wallingiord's farm, burnt on IiIb ootton Boed oil stove to the beau, tiful burnt sienna color, and ap. pliod by hand by Dudley himself, who aleo made tho windows and tho buck door; the glass was bought in the store, The demand of the postal au. thoritios for additional room for the transaction of the in- oreasod business Is a good .augury for tho future.' Marion is gaining, und gaining fast, . i I proporty. Will pay a Broadway, PADUCAH, KY. I Something over 100 Ions of fluor spar, were snipped to WaBlivilIe, Tenn., a few days ago from an ex- tensive vein recently discovered near Borne, in; Smith county, Ten nessee. This vein is said to be 100 feet wide and the quality of the product is very high. It occurs ia beantifnl crystalline masses with distinct olesvsge planes, whioh makes the mining very easy. The cost of mining is said to be 75operjtonl4while the selling prioo is $7. i This, shipment goes to St. Louis, Pittsburg and Ohio. Most of it will be need in blast f urnacos but a portion will be need in the manufacture of opalescent glass. This discovery adds another valuable mineral to the economio products of Tennessee. Tbe'Miaeral Point Zino company, o Mineral Point, Wisconsin, :purU en .'portion of the' New JetetjZhee eoapany; commonly-known w the zino trtist, has been of very greet service to this mining field, in the way of taking hold of and operating -several pros, pacta. They have done muoh te develop this sootion in a mining .way, and if 'they are the kind of .trusts Teddy is bucking against, then we aro certainly agin' Ted. dy. Arrangements are about perfected for drilling a deep well for tho Marion Eleotrio Light and Ice company. Probably this well will be large enough and of sufficient depth to furnish all of the water required by the oity for many years to come. On the Felix Cox farm near Sheridan, the Eewanee firo olay people will deepen the existing shaft that started on the very strong showing of surface lead ore. The vein of ore veiy likely dipped out of the vertical sha't, as most all of our veins do. Mr. Green Bright has given a 90 dy option on his farm near Princeton, to droggist Hardwiok, of Hopkinsville; $10,000 is the price named. The surfaoe showing of fluor spar, 'it is said, is very good indeed. The Horn Bilver mine at Frisoo, Utah, have shipped a 200 ton lot of zino to Antwerp. The oro oar. ries about 40 per cent. ziuo. It is estimated there are 300,000 tons in the old workings of this mine. Prospectors searching for fluor spar near Alcorn, Tennessee, discovered zino blende under conditions whioh give promise to into a large body of ore. New York men have purohasod the properties of the Gagoville Mining company in Miller county Mo., for $40,000. Contlnutaj on Eighth Pige, 'v, M .l I i ,'J fr , ft ' '"..- J) '"rri H f' HBXfl . fr' r?l rf