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THE DAIR COUNTS -NEWS
The Diver and His Clothes.
V""When clothed in the ordinary diver's
suit topped with the heavy bras hel
met a dver is helpless. The air' that
Is pumped down to him fills not only
the helmet, but the entire suit, pulling
It but to suh an extent that heavy
heights are required to keep the man
down. The work that he can do U
limited. One of the annoyances that
he has to endurp Is the fact that he
cannot reach Inside of his suit to ease
any discomfort A diver once iis
covered a June bug in his helmet wbea
he was down under water, and he was
obliged to endure all the torture ot
having the insect crawl over vhis faro
Without any possible means of reach,
lng it to destroy it or even brush it
away. Recently, however, a French
Inventor devised a diver's outfit which
dispenses with everything but an ab
breviated form of helmet Air is pump
ed to the diver in the usual way.
through a pipe which is attached to hi.
helmet at the back of the neck.
Yes, Indeed, Threepence Is Threepence.
Since the national health insurance
act went into effect in England last
summer washing day has threatened to
move down the week from Monday to
anywhere this side of baking day
jwhich anybody who knows anything
knows Is Saturday. The reason is that
the first employer of the week has to
pay the washerwoman's insurance con
tribution. So if you keep Monday for
your wash day you have to pay three
pence extra. A good many employer,
bave already shifted to Tuesday: in
the hope that other and more stubborn
7i "wSC-koepers will stick to Monday and
pay the threepence. But if everybody
changes to Tuesday there will be noth
ing for it but for the economical h
change again to Wednesday and to
continue changing until all the possi
bilities in the case are exhausted. It
is said that conventional England con
templates this shifting of wash day
with a stony horror, but threepence i
threepence. New York Post
The Last of the Nogis.
It is reported that as the result at.
conferences among the relatives and
Intimate friends of General Count Nog'i
It has been decided that the house ot
the count shall become extinct owing
to the lack of an heir. The cxtincti:.
of such a respectable family as that
of the late general, who was. so to
speak, a bulwark of the state, bcin a
matter of great regret to the nation.
suggestion has been advanced to main
tain the family name by adopting an
heir. But. this being contrary to flue
will of the general, it was decided that
the family should cease. The property
of the late count and countess has ai
ready been distributed among the" rein
fives and old acquaintances as remem
brances. The disposition of the resi
dence at Shinzakamaehi. Akasn '.;:.
where the count and countess died,
will be settled after the fiftieth days
service for the illustrious dead is held
at the house. Japan Times.
One of the handiest things in the
world must be tlie umbrella lending
system in operation in Belgium. !.'f
costs $1 x year to be a member of tb
organization, each member receiving a
check. When it rains he hands In h:s
check at the nearest cigar store a'tirt
gets au umbrella. When he return
the umbrella he gets another chcr
good for another umbrella when h
needs Jt One of the great advantage.--of
the system is that it avoids the no
cessity of carrying au umbrella aroi':u!
to fool the weather, with the ch:u-
being about nine times to one that t'.u
weather will fool you and that by tt.
time you get home you will have for
gotten where it was you left the .:
brelia. Anything that will keep a.i
umbrella question straight will be wel
corned by the average man. and it
looks as if the Belgian scheme would
be helpful in that respect Philadel
Doom of the Cuckoo Clock.
What is to become of the cuckoo
clock is a question now in France,
where the. twenty-four hour clock has
been adopted in the railway service
and must needs be adopted by the h-
tels and inns. What is to be done wi;'v
the bells? Are they to strike alo!!--In
the twenties in the morning, wbei.
the traveler will most enjoy his forty
winks of sleep, the very cream of' slum
ber? It is'fearcd by Swiss cloekmakei
that the innovation will menn'death to
the cuckoo. "Does any one supjose.-'
Inquires an anxious Swiss, "that this
bird, so long a feature of the cosy
chamber of the inn. will be' allowed to
launch twenty-one. ,twcnty-two or
twenty-three consecutive cuckoo calls? ,
Surely the traveler will not suffer such
a thing. He will hurl not anathemas
alone, but his boots, at the offender,
and -.the cuckoo clock will be a thing of
the pqst" London Chronicle. - r-
Snores and the Man.
"My grandfather snored, my father
snored, my, mother snored, and I have
always snored. Edward never snores.
He Is no son of mine." These few
lines in the will of Edward Arthur
Bentlnek Monckton, Baron netbering
ton, have thrown a huge estate into
thp probate court of England and ques
tion the legitimacy of the succeeding
heir. The late baron's nephew clajins
succession to the estates under vthe
will and will also lay claim to the peer
age. The man who for years has been
accepted as the lawful son of the old
lord has entered a caveat alleging that
the will is prima fade proof of .hi
father's insanity. The case is attrac
lag national Interest , .
GLASS JS PECULIAR;
It Ha?a Number of Curious and Con
Glass is one .of the most Interesting
as well as one of 'the most peculiar
things in the world. It bos curious and
contradictory qualities, and many, as
tonishing phenomena are connected
.with it Brittle and breakable as it is.
yet it exceeds almost all other bodie
If two glass- balls 'are made to strike
each other at a given force the recoil,
by virtue of their . elasticity, will li
nearly equal to their original Impetus
Connected with its brittleness are some
very .singular facts. -
Take a hollow sphere with a hole and
stop the hole with the" finger, so as to
prevent the externdl and internal air
from communicating, and the sphere
"will fly to pieces by the mere heat of
the hand. .Vessels .made of .glass .that
have been suddenly cooled possess the
curious property of being -able to re
sist .hard blows given tovthem from
without, "but will be Instantly shivered
by, a small particle of flint dropped into
their cavities. This property seems to
depend upon the comparative thickness
of the bottom; the thicker the bottom
Is the more certainty of breakage b.
this experiment Some of these vessels.
It is stated, have resisted the stroke of
a mallet given with sufficient force .
drive a nail into wood, and heavy bod
ies, such as iron, bits of wood, jasper,
stone, etc., have been cast into them
from a height of two or three feet with
out any effect, yet a fragment of flint
not larger than a pea dropped from a
height of three inches has made the":
ELIZA WAS GENEROUS.
Her Munificent Offer For an Original
Five Act Tragedy.
People are likely to look back com
miseratingly upon the past in thesi
days of modern progress. When we
hear what the most prolific' of present
day novelists receives a word am.
what the weekly royalties of any wel
known playwrights are we say that
the literary profession has come into
its own.. Sonic bark' back to the eoe
trasting- tale that Milton receives,
only 3 for the Grst copyright o'
"Paradise L,ost" an epic in twe-h
books containing '"a total of lO.r.t".".
lines, but that was over two centu; io
ago. Poo received $10 for. "Tin
Raven." That may be dismissed with
the statenient.tbat poetry'never paid.
.The modern way of making mone
by literature is even more recent tha
Is. generally thought Alexander Hi!
of Cincinnati, one of the best know .
bookmen and collectors of the inidd'e
.west, has a letter' in his collection '
autographs that proves this point.
Two generations ago Eliza Logai
was a leading actress in Ameriejr
Head her letter. O budding genius ..
the typewriter, and beglad that Vhei
you are paid it is space rates for tl
Tremont (louse, Boston, May IV. 18'.
B. Du68nu!t. Jr., "Charlestown; Mas:f
Sir 1 wish an original flvtvact tragedy -the
feature to be a heroinp, myself t:,
.pcrson&tor of it: the scene not to be la:'
in this country; the plot to) be -option-h
with the author for which, if I like it. i
will psy JS. nespectlfully,
. ELIZA -LOGAN.
American Leaf Colors. '
It has been observed "that the leaves
of American tree's, such 'as maples,
scarlet oaks and so forth; which a:
home exhibit splendid colors in tin
autumn, fall below their reputation i
this regard when transplanted in Eng
land or on tlie continent of Europ
An English observer who has bee
studying the causes of the autunti
tints of trees, thinks the superiorit v
of our woodlauds arises from the si:
and mild yet glowing climatic com!,
tions prevailing here in the fall. En
land, it is-added, is rarely blessed w(
an Indian summer. When the climat;.
conditions permit the leaves to retair
considerable vitality in the autmn
the. colored' pigment is normally dr
veloped; hence the glorious forests o
the United States. - Chicago Recon!
Regulating Price of Books.
, The price of books was once a unit
ter for legislation In' England. Au sw
ot lih4. which seems never to h:iv
been repealed, provides that any .eon
plaint regarding, the ' price of boui:
4hou!d Ik considered by "the lord eha
berlain. the lord treasurer .and tl:
justices or any two of these," and .tKu
those dignitaries shoujd have "powi
and authority to reform and rodres.--the
enhancing of the prices of print"'
books and to lLritit the jriee of tl"
books .and the- pffeuders should Uc
and forfeit for every book by them
sold whereof the price pe enhance :
the sum of :5s. Od.'VLondon Mail.
She Didn't Do It.
. The family jar waxed fiercer..
"You talk about, my- beiug to blame
for oii'r marrying!" shrilly exclaimed
Mrs. VIek-Senu. "John Henry, did I
built j-oti out and then make love tl
you?" " .
"Xol" he suorted. "But you could
have given me the glassy eye and sent
me about my business, and you dhlnY
do it. madam you didn't jtfo It!" Chi.
Capital. Punishment. ,
"Mamnia..,did you love to flirt vheo
you were young?"
, "I am. afraid I did, dear.'!
"And were younever punished for It,"
"Cruelly. dear, 1 man-Jed '"your fa.,'
therj' Paris rtire; '-'.--. -
The bPuris we pass with, happy' pros
pects in view are more pieaslngvthan
those crowned iwlih ' fruition. Gold-.
Boy Singers of 'the Private. Chapel In
St, James' Palace.
There are ter boys in London who
every Sunday and on statp occasions
"wear suits of clothes that in each in
stance cost something like 5200." The
lads thus expensively and brilliantly
attired are the 'choristers belonging to
the king's private chapel in St. James
palace. When, arrayed in their state
suits they are truly a gorgeous sight
Scarlet cloth 'is the foundation of
this costume. Bands of" royal purple
between rows of heavy gold lace an
the adornments. Old lace .ruffles are
worn at the neck and Wrists: These
ruffles are so valuable and so difficult
to replace that they are worn only on
the most special occasions. At other
times white lawn bands take their
t- place. The- boys must take great care
of their suitsv which must endure three
years. The "undress" suits are re
placed every eight months.
This choirvisone of the historical In-1
stitutions of Great Britain, and many
! of its old time customs, including the
dress of the boys, are retained to tin
day. The choir has numbered among
its singers such distinguished musicians
as Sir Arthur Sullivan, Edward Lloyd.
Sir John Goss and Dr. E. .1. riopkins
It is the right of the head boy to do j
mapd a guinea as "spur money" froi t
any officer entering ,the chapel wearing ,
spurs. It Is sail that when Arthur Sul j
livan was head boy the Duke of Wcl- i
lington would always come spurred to j
the chapel, in order that he might have
the pleasure of paying the forfeit to his
favorite chorister. Harper's Weekly.
UNITY OF LIFE.
Ceils of Animals and Plants Alike and
Governqd by Same Laws.
Protoplasm, the literal translation cf j
which means "the Grst man made.
was the name given by a German sci
entist in 1810 'o the shiny, granulrr.
semifluid contents of vegetable cells.
It looks like the white of an egg.
and it can be analyzed into four chetn
leal elements carbon, oxygen; nitrogen
and hydrogen. It is now recogni.oi
as the fundamental basis for all lit"-.
The smallest particle of it goes through
what is known as the cycle of life: ,
free motion, feeling, feeding and re-j
production. When in some uncon
scious way-it grows a membrane for :
covering or a little nucleus, a kernel j
somewhere within It, science calls it . .
These cells are the samo in plan;
and animals. . Professor Jacq'ues Lo.-'m
I showed the importance of this fa t
I Although plants, he explained have u !
I nervous systems, they havt "instin j
tivo movements." In analysis of s; j
t stincts he bound together. in. the !". j
j common to iiem the plant and th
' worm at the root of the plant as some '
i day, perhaps, the tree of 'life and th i
serpent may be bound and he calle )
I their reflex actions "tropisnis." ;
I Then hp pointed out that tropicus j
j are mechanical acts that moth a:. 'J
fly and ivy Iea;f move in spite of -the i
selves in chemical subjection, to Uglii.
heat and odors, which the scienter !
calls emanations. I; rom "Man as ;i
Mechanism" in Metropolitan.
; - Disraeli's Fine Digestion.
i Disraeli appears to have been en
dowed with a most accommodating K.
gestion. When he visited Spain 'm
1S30 ho wrote his mother glowing ac
counts of "the most agreeable dish 'in
the world au olio. I will explain, it
to you. for -my father would delight in
it. There are two large dishes, one at
each end of the table. The top )'.
I coutains bouilli beef, boiled pork'ss-.t:
sage and black pudding. 'The other K
a medley of vegetables and fruits, gen
erally Frencli beans, caravanseras and
whole pon. .' nolp each person lo : ,
portion of the, meats and then to the
medley. Mix them up In your plate j
together and- drown them in tomato '
i sauce. I have eaten this .every day ,
It is truly delightful." London Stand !
ard. i I
Afrmv llirdff sn-o nrrivtrlurl
natural spectacles, a transparent mem .1
brane called the third eyelid. TIk
third eyelid when not in use Jies fold'e.!
in the inner-pernor of the eye. Twn
muscles .work it spreading it over
the cornea ot'foldlng it -up again much
more cleverly than a man can puto;i
or take oil hjs spectacles. But
third eyelid the eagle .could not
at. the sun. -The spectacled' bea
longs of Chile, it Latin, name ;
TJrsus ornatns. It is black and around
Its ersc paJe" rirgs are drawn whh
have exactly the appearance of a pah
of goggles. v '
."She had -played in amateur thoiat".
in..iio .mu, i.uiu.injiiuu iu yu on tne siasi I
'if her parents' wouldn't let-her marry'.
"And what did her parents do after,
"They let Iter go oh the stage, gave
the duke a check for. d. front seat jijid
were not at-all surprised when he.
sailed back to' France the next morn
ing." Cleveland Plain Denier.
Before and After; - -
"Bobby, you have been fighting with
Ithat Stnpleford boy "agaim Did- yoif
count ten before you .struck him. aft J
have alwaVs. told you to .do?"
"No, .but f'was told. that' somebody
L counted ten Rafter he ;ianded..'on me.".
Chicago Tribune. . :
"No. 1 shall never marry.' sigbed 'the
old bachelor;' ' ' v-' ' .
Tlie spinster. gazed t liim- scornful-"Iy.-
"You .coward!" 6h'e pissed. Phil
NO CASTE AT OXFORD!
Duke's Son. and Cook's Son Share
Alike In Sports' and Studies.
Actually there is no university or col
lege in America at which distinctions,
qf birth or wealth count for less than
they do at Oxford. There was once a
time when there existed a class of "gen
tlemen commoners" John Ruskin, I
believe, was one of them who enjoyed
special privileges and exemptions..'
Btit that peculiarity has long since
been swept away. Not only are" the re
quirements for graduation identical for
all comers, but the social life within
each college of the university 1? open j
on equal terms to every one on the roll.
"Duke's son" and "cook's son" share
allken sports and studies, and it is
personal qualities alone that determine
the position an undergraduate holds
among his contemporaries.
The late F. W. Walker, for many
years so successful as high master of
1 St. Paul's school, was once interviewed
by the rather snobbish mother of au
intended pupil. "Of course," she said.
Vyou'are very particular about.the par
ents of the boys yon admit to your
school." "Not at all, madam," was his
reply. "As long as your son behaves de
cently and attends to his work we shall
not ask any questions about his par-' ..ereunoi, me ireu-urer re-iori-pnf
,, I ed that this was true of another mem
The head of any college at Oxford or
Cambridge might have given a similar
answer. London Cor. New York. Post.
An Accident Pointed the Way to the
In 1742 Thomas Bolsover, a me
chanic of Sheffield, England, discovered
the art of silver plating. He was re
pairing the han-"o,of a knife in which
both copper and silver were used. Ac-
t,o metals were fused
together. Based upon this observation. I
ho developed Tie new process.
Upon a th.ck ingot of copper he !
bound by ii.m wire a thinner ingot of
silver. Th wholefcvas then heated in
a reverbe lory furnace until the edges
of the si:.er ingot were observed to
begin to ii'elt. The two ingots were
then removed from the furnace, slowly
cooled and pickled, cleaned and rolled
to the desired thickness. The result
was a plate of copper more or less
thinly covered with silver on one side.
This was the first Sheffield plate.
For fifty years following the copper
was plated on one side only and the
cut edges showed the copper. Later
tho process was so perfected that no
copper was left exposed. All the sil
verplate of the world was made by I
this process until electroplating was
discovered and made eommprcial.-r-Popular
Real Use of the Bee's Sting.
"The Ihjo's sting is a trowel, hot a
vapier." said a nature student "'It is an
exquisitely delicate little trow'el withj banker are confided the troubles, do
which the bee finishes off the honey mestic as well as financial, of all who
cell. Injects a little preservative inside! have access to him. And everybod
and. seals it up. With its trowel-like i seeks to have access.
sting the bee puts the final touches on
the dainty and wonderful work. With
tho sting it pats and shapes the- honey
cell,, as a mason pats and shapes a row
of brick. Refore sealing up the cell it '
drops a wee bit of poison into the honey.
This is formic acid. Without it liouev
j would spoil. Most of us think the bee's ;
sting, with its poison, is a weapon only, i
' It is a weapon secondarily, but pri
marily it is a "magic trowel, a trowel
1 from whose end, as the honey cells 'are
built up. a wonderful preserving-ifluid
..- ' ... '
...Destroying Money. . .
Paper money is nothing but a prom
ise to pay so much coin. If you de- i
stroy -a five dollar uote, for instance,
you simply release the government: or
the bank which issued the note from i
the payment of the $j in gold which'
the note called for.' Of course, there
fore, you are not punishable in any
manner for destroying the note if -it is
your owi. There is no penalty for nut-
tllating gold or silver coin if you keep
j it m your own possession, but as you
''have thereby destroyed a considerable
i Part of its value you must not try to
pafs ifc at Par after tne mutilation
Flame and Wire Gauze.
" To Sir Humphry Davy belongs the
credit of discovering that the flame of
Imrnlnff erne- Tt11 a.4. n..r.n 4K.v...v!. ..:.i
-mue, fao , mi iiaoo uiiuusu ',t-
BauiMj uuwiij; ot mesiies o iue square
janch. This contention may be tested
! I7 bringing a flame in contact with
jsimilar gauze, when it will be found
I that the flame will not go through the
meshes. This is owing to, the c'ooliug
.action of the wire, which tends" to re
j duce the teniperaturQ of the flame be
I low the ignitipn point, the unburncd.
! gas passing harmlessly through. 'Of
course if, the gauze becomes overheated
the" flame is able to. get through.1
Almost a Threat.
Pplice Inspector Haven't I often lu
'strticted you that you. are not to allow
the- public to pick the flo.wers in this
park? Park Keeper Yes; that is. my
wife.- who used to' be your cook. Per
.haps you will try to make her stop.
Meggendorfer Blatter. -
A Curious- Word.
There is a word ja the English lan
guage the first two -letters of which sig
nify the male, the first (hree a feqiale,
the first four a great man and the
whole a great woman. The word is
'heroine"-Ladies Home Journal.
. ' r r i
Hewctt-;! expect to leave footprints,
on the sands of time. .Tewett It. takes
sand to do itr-Woman's Home Com
panion. , '
. AH must respect, those, who respect
'themselves Beaconsfield. ' '. s-
BENT BACK THE RULE.
Where Sauce For the Goose Was Not
Sauce For the Gander..
of New York, when it was rather :
harder sledding for the club than it is
at the present time. In' a meeting of
the council the question came up as
to the arrears of members' dues, and
the treasurer reported that one man
was particularly recreant in this regard..
It was in the winter, and the club was
then maintaining throughout the day
and evening beautifully heated and
lighted quarters; At this time the
person in the club who fre
quented it every day was this de
linquent who, In addition to dpln a
large portion ot his writing there, was
accustomed to make conslderah'li- i-i
roads upon the stationery of the chit)
for home consumption.
At the meeting Of the council re
ferred to there was protest against
this state of affairs, and a determina
tion was manifest to put an end to it.
and after discussion the secretary was
instructed to notify the member ui
question that his name had been
dropped from the rolls of the club
The question then arose whether
there was anybody else who was in ar-
"Who can that be? Let us make an
example of tbem both.," remarked one
member, bringing his flst down on
the table for emphasis. The reply
was that It was Mr. X., the poet.
"Oh, heavens!" replied another. "We
He's too important to J
can't let X.' go.
Whereupon tho resolution was then
amended to read as follows: "Re"
solved, that the secretary be Inst rue?
ed to drop the name of Mr. Q. t"ro:r ;
the rolls of the club for nonpayim-.it :
of dues and to retain the name of Mr.
X. for the same reason. Century,
THE COUNTRY BANKER.
f His Standing In and His Grip Upon
His Own Community.
The first public convenience a "new
commodity wants is a bank, pfttlmes
It comes before the chnrcb or a news
paper; but, as a rule, it follows both
It is hard to beat the editor and the
If the lufluence exercised by the
bankers of our great cities constitutes
a menace to the pabllc welfare, what
shall we say of the grip that the littJ
bank holds on its community? The so
called "country banker" to succeed
must be eminent for all the qualities
that make un a truly rood man. Dsm
ally lie Is a church member and often
a Sunday school teacher. HI ls"6m
suited by politicians regarding the local
government, and the candidate who
has his approbation Is envied, for he N
usually the winner. To the country
The banker Is first to 'subscribe to
every good cause. He 'is the com
muuity's adviser as to investments and
the arbitrator of its business contro
versies. His word Is as good as
to his credit It must
added .that, with rare exceptions
deserves to be. He asks few favors. :
and these are always granted. Hp is
the center of the social life of his vt ,
clnlty. nis voice Is that of authority
FTe is loved rosneotert. admired "and .
feared. The banker is a man of in
tegrity. Tho slightest cloud on. him or
on his bank will settle them both In
this matter he stands with the preach
er So. from selfish considerations.- it
from no other, tho banker must' be d--serving
of the trust 'reposed In him
by his fellow citizens
Who wouldn't be the country bank-,
Tipping is an exaction of no recent
tyrowth Describing life at tho court of
, Kin nonrv I1 or England. Peter of
Blois complains of the importunity of
the' medieval marshals, whose annoy
ances continue "until they get some
thing from you and are most ungrateful'
when they have nay. open enemies
unless your hand is continuously tu
your pocket." while the "outer porters
will tell you the most unblushing false
. - . ..
Goods, anil if you are an
i religious urin but
have given them
nothing the dav before, thev will keep
you ., unreasonable time standing th
tho r-tin -md n.iV.." - .
Her Last 'Card. ".' ..
"I want U'iUcw bonnet, but-my hus
band says he can't afford it"
"Is that final, do you suppose?"
''He says It Is. but I. won't know
"Going to. get a jdeflulte answer
"Yes. I'm going to settle It one
way or the other. I'm going to start
to cry when he gets home, and It that t
doesn't wort there'll. "be nV;ncw bon-
net" Detroit Free Press.
All's Fish For the Doctor's Net.
'Why. the size ofyour blD," cried
L the angry patient to tliedoctor. "makes
me boil all over!"
"Ah!" said the eminent practitioner I
calmly. "That will be just- Sd niorv
for sterilizing your system 'Ladies '
Home Journal. .
Purpose and Success.
It is v. the old lesson-a worthy pur-
pose, patient energy for itsvaccomplish-
faent a resoluteness undaunted hy dif
ficulties and. then success. VT. .Ml. Pun
shon. r -,
It Is seldonT that punishment thugn'
we f foot, has failed to oYertakx a
villais. -Horace, -
THE EARTH CRUST
Its DenSitV. Its Thickness and thfcK
Pressure It Exerts.
A BAR TO WORLD EXPLOSION.
The Reasons Why This Old Planet of"
Ours, With All Its Pentup Fiery.;
Volcanic or Gaseous Forces at Work, '
Could Never Be Blown to Fragments.
Some writers have accounted for the
asteroids on the theory that they atv'
the fragments of a world that froim
so ;.e unknown cause has been exploK-?
ed in its orbit Similarly, many hxrr.
thought that perhaps at some distant
tln.f when the seas shall have i..vir
drunk up into the cracked and thick
ened crust of the age shrunken earth
and the volcanoes those vents of the
fler;' Interior sha:l have become chok
ed v d extinct, the pentup gases gener-
ated from the descending moisture by
the till great internal heat may -tual.
explode tho old earth like 'a.
Btf tjint can nev-r happen.
In 4SS3 Krakatoa, a sleepy old vo;
cano jii a small Island In. the strait
of St. da. between Java and Sumatrr.
begar o show marked signs of uneas
ness. Round the volcano the qnakit.
earth .pened enormous fissures in thc-
bottoia of the sea, down which rushwt-
Nfcxgar-.s of water. Then the fissure-
closed nd confined the engulfed flow)
! In the hot subterranean depths. The-
water was quickly converted lit :
. steam, the steam into dissociate?
gases, 'vituont room tor expansn.r.
It exer -Ht a pressure eqnal to ttvt
of the Wrongest dynrmte. s
The "eat chimney of KrakN.-?.
sealed .nee the iremory of raar.
barred lie uormal path of escape
Higher nd higher mounted the pro
sure un I r the 'huge mass of th vol
cano; thei. of a sudden, came a War
that act -lly shook tl e earth. Nevr
before ir. historic time had there !'!
such a s; ck. The whole top of tho-
mountalr. was blown i-sto the sky. f'-.-recoil
wr- distinctly ftlt clear throne:
the terre trial ball.
This gr- t cataclysm has been fifeti
as an in! ation of th' power of th
pentup fcr-es that may some day ilw
rupt the -th itself. r.et us exami
the undo- ins prlncip'es that- mn-r
guide us i passim: judgment on ti
correctness (f this theory.
An exploive compoun I Is a eoiabtrxt
Iblo comb, -d mechanically or efcta:
ically eitln- with oxyg a. or wltta a
out the hei
acid, each t
than one v
tion are near
tanee that Till burn wi"
f atmospheric oxygen
most powt rfnt Msti -nitfecrelatii'
. and i!-r '
vhlch has : density a".-
I a half t.mes that of
oduets of bir combtr
all gaseous. whers thf-,.
pombnsrioi orf arrfiiwv
ler "are k. s thn bar
matter that .i
The energy '
gases liberal '
which tlM? u
raise them .
larger part in the aolM
kes the smoke,
at a high snlostw it
on the vo'afae of. t.:
-lnd the teciBcratHn--tt
' of the explosion ra
iperature i 2, tne
gh expiosb at the In
ion is not absoHitrt.'
iy pe approximately
it of prepare knowri
tainty. It is probata -
when d -fcjMted ttx
xert a prepuce ;
rUWMMIO and J"ine
hat tlh? eaiith em
staut of doto
known, . but
I learned throuj.
i Nor is the am
! however, that
I tin and picrhr
! a confined sirnc
pounds to the s
; ir we assum-
has a density t'
1 and that ifcv av-
tailes. then It f
; pressure of mon
. to the square i'
i hundred miles t!
J is more than ;
tii:-ti th:K Of Wfv .
?e thickness h ft.':."-'
ws that it exerbj :.;
;han ."".00,000 pound
'r; If the enwrt Is
j. then tfaj pressure
lion imiiuus to ttw-
ure certainly great
square inch a pr
er than the expat- ve force exerlwl T
the most powe
Plainly, no quant,
detonated under 1
"would lie aWe'ito 1.
Iy we know tjiat
of the earth ran
I- high exptoalvi-
of high esplor!
crust of the etrtW
it. Hd consequent
worUl of tbc si
r explode from Its
explosive force to
r world tbc i
lu which ttto
actually to bhr
itvMi itovititr-k futorj .
,,: 'V; "
" s",m"ip,, ."
: r tue L:,lU,
There Is only one
j heavenly bodies e:.
of sulljcient euerg
rup. niid. thiit ! bj '""-u.
f The stars are tlji" about hv spare
with" velocities that range all Uie w
jfrom five miles as oad to HCO ra
j second. ' '
If two celestial orbs travc
at a velocity of 200 miles a
iu a iiuuu-uu tumsiuu
-aey would' he
fused and gasified -by
tie impact.1 an:
fe. neat Senerated V0XlA 00 sum.cjeu-
"KfAnl iirti ffm rr"
... . - waiter of both Into its'
ultimate elemerg to, d t1te .
nebuous ho Ths ,s the .
XTJ sclPCe says that new sups, ne-w'
nebulqe antj new stdr3-are born.-Hu'd',
son .fxisa- ln. Youth's Comnanlonx- . -
Qahai. rr ,-.
He I'fi tike to-L.n .u.. ... y
Mmentvon Mn ", ,V"" "iai loy-.
the lonsf m ' T.V- liunZ3 ou baren'fc -
I can't bur them , he-I kBow .,.
hnftthn r . . . -
I - " "ML Lllt-IH" i n Cfr -j -
melanehni .'". "" ,: sort ot?
V ' ;
v r ; " - l - -
-- " -
r -f .. .