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THE ADVENT OF THE SILO.
A Prime Factor in the Cattle Feed ing Industry. During the past few years many articles have appeared in the live stock and agricultural press treating with the advan tages of the silo, and along this particular line too much can not be said in favor of the silb. The most momentous question of the day is the proper method of re ducing the alleged high cost of living, and irrespective ot all legislation that is withing the province.of the Chief Executive, Senators and Congressmen of this great country, the cost of certain portions of one's living, or certain of the necessities of life, will never be reduced until there are more producers. The laws of supply and demand have and always will contiol the price of certain commodities, probably not altogether as certain condi tions arise that will naturally cause fluctuations, but no law making within the province of this or any other Government that is constitutional will reduce the cost of a commodity, the pro duction of which is on the wane, promote cattle raising and cattle feeding through the promulga tion of certain laws we believe would be unwise, unsatisfactory, and we doubt if it could be worKea out. iou can taKe a horse to water but you cannot force him ro drink. The promo tion of this great and wonderful industry is being done today, and a very wise and efficient method, too, through the live stock, agri cultural and farm press evange lists. It is their duty to point out to the farmer and producer of live stock the necessity of raising and feeding more meat producing animals, the proper methods of breeding, rearing and feeding, and the best and most profitable grades or breeds to handle. This subject is a very broad one, and volumnes could be written that it would be well for every farmer and stock raiser to read. There are many angles of the game too numerous to mention in their entirety, but we especially commend to the farmer and feeder the building and use of the silo. A good silo on every farm in the Central States would mean that in five years the supply of cattle would be materially increased, the de mand for feeding cattle every year would demonstarte to the famer the necessity of conserv ing the calves, of keeping them on the farm instead of rushing them to the markets for veal be cause of a healthy demand for that particular class of meat. In recent tests at various experi ment stations it has been clearly shown that cattle can be fatten ed more economically upon silage properly balanced with the nec essary concentrates and the nec essary amount of roughage than by any other method. As farm land becomes more thickly popu lated, the large ranges of the West entirely cut up into small farms for agricultural pursuits, the strength and truth of this argument will be shown more clearly. If you haven't a silo on your farm write to one of the many manufacturers who handle them for literature and prices, write the agricultural experiment stations of your State for bulle tins on the subject, and, above all, before another summer is here have your plans consummat ed for the erection of a good sub stantial silo, then after one or two seasons' feeding you will thank us if we happened to be the first who "set you to thinking" on the subject Bourbon Stock Journal. Fall Plowing. Plowing early in the fall liber ates more plant food for the spring crop and conserves more moisture' By loosening the sur face soil, thus allowing the air to penetrate, the soil particles which contain phosphorus, potassium and lime are caused to oxidize, which sets free these elements for the plant. The soil compounds originally are very complex and are practically of no ' benefit to the crop until they are acted up on by the air, the solution in the soil and plant juices, so as to de compose them and make them much simpler. Fall plowing has a tendency to let the rains percolate into the soil better, which tends to dissolve and break up the compounds for the use of the spring crop. Bacteria, which are found in the soil in countless numbers, generally work better where ox ygen from the air is readily available, and there i n turn break up the organic matter of the soil into simpler compounds, liberating nitrates of nitrogen food for the plant. This is one of the most essential elements for the early growth of the plant. It is often noticed that spring plowing will not causa crops to lodge so badly as fall plowing. This is explained by nitrogen being set free to a larg er extent in the loose, porous, fall-plowed than in the more compact soil. The moisture problem is also a valuable one from the stand point of productiveness of soil. As stated above, by opening up the soil, the fall rains percolate much more rapidly into the soil, while there is a mulch formed on the surface which tends to pre vent the water from the subsoil going directly to the surface and being evaporated. Early fall plowing makes a reservoir of the subsoil, storing the water for the crop in the spring. Often where the ground is a little rolling, the water will run off before it has time to soak in when the soil i3 compact and hard. Those who have practiced summer fallowing know that it increases chances for a good yield the following season, and this is largely due to the liberation of plant food in the soil and conservation of mois ture. Fall plowing is very sim ilar, only the soil has not quite so long to bring about these changes as in case of summer fallowing. Where possible, it is nearly always advisable to plow as early in the fall as possible. Winchester Democrat. gestive system of the earth worms on one acre of ground was found to be 239,580 pounds in the six months' active grow ing season that the farmers of that country enjoy. This means that a lot of the subsoil has been brought to the surface and also that the land has been .put in ex cellent condition by the thorough aeration of the soil made possi ble through the runways of worms. if THE AjDAIR The Laws of Friendship. The laws of friendship are well known. They have been codi fie,d and acknowledged from Socrates down. These are some of them: (1) To find perfect friendship two persons should have similar tastes (2) they should be of the same blood or nationality, (3) they should be of one religion, (4) they should be of the same position in society, of the same rank, class or condition of fortune, (5) they should have the same or similar interests, (6) their natures or dispositions should be unlike. These laws are perfectly true, they are drawn from human na ture, they are consecrated by the authorities of the sages. There is only one difficulty with. them every man- and wo man on earth is an exception. In the case of each one of us these laws are made for all others except ourselves. For when the friend comes he overflows the channels of the expected as the Mississippi is a spring freshet; he enters our preconceived magazine of no tions as a bull enters a china ! shop; he minds the fences of our philosophy as a giant might mind the fences of our farm. He comes as a fever comes, as madness or a mood. He is a bolt from the blue. He is snow in summer. He is a bolt from the mystery of personalty, which no man can fathom, and speaks to our own inner plumble3s deep. Woman's World. it "Heard Something." During the recent primary campaign in a western Kentucky county, so the story goes, a can didate for Jailer visited a certain precinct and encountered the leaders there, who posed as his warm personal friends and sup porters. "John," said the precict "boss" to the the candidate, ' 'there is no use of you fooling away any of your time in this precinct for you will get every vote in it but two, go somewhere else and electioneer where you can do more good." Highly elated, the candidate left to "beat the bushes" in other sec tions of the county. At the late primary the candidate was pained and .chagrined to learn in the precinct where he had been as sured by the "boss" he would get every vote but two the returns were just the reverse, and he only got two votes. Meeting the precinct "boss," he angrily de manded to know why he had been given such a "bum steer," when the "boss" replied: Every thing was all right until the 'boys' heard something," to which the irate candidate hotly retorted; "Yes, I guess they heard what you did the jingle of a couple of dollurs." Louis ville Times. New Horticulture idea. Using mercu.y vapor lamps in her greanhouse, a Scotch woman horticulturists not only forces seeds to sprout and plants to grow in half the usual time, but also produces greater depth- of color in the vegetation. To Know Thyself. How can a man learn to know himself? Never by meditating, but by doing. Endeavor to do thy duty, and thou wilt at once know what in thee lies. Goethe. COUNTY NEWS Obituary. On the 26th day of August, death visited our home and took from us our dear brother, Grover Koberts. He was born March 4, J 1893. Though young he has de parted from us to where he will know no more sorrow nor suffer ing. He will be greatly missed, and his place can never be filled, but God knoweth best, and we hope some day to meet him in the Lands of Bliss, where there will be no more parting. A sister, Ivia Roberts, Rugby, Ky. Keltner A large crowd attended the quarterly meeting at this place Saturday and Sunday. Miss Liddie Parnell, who has been sick for two weeks, is bet ter now Miss Ollie Stephens, of Mill town, is visiting relatives at this place. The Sunday School at this place is doing fine with W. P. Price as Superintendent. Mr. 0. B. Finn and wife, of Campbellsville, are visiting rel atives at this place. Rose & Willis are selling lots of goods regardless of the dry weather. The whooping cough is no re spector of persons. It has visit ed nearly every home in this community. What Worms Have Done for Egypt. In an article in an exchange showing the good that birds and worms do to the soil, appears the following: "Investigations lately com pleted by the British Govern ment in the Sudan, prove that the remarkable fertility of the valley of the White Nile is large ly due to the work of earth worms. Luke McLuKe Says. Any man can follow a woman, but mighty few can lead her. A family tree isn't any proof that your family has been out of the trees any longer than the other fellow's family. After a man has been married a while he realizes that a lawyer doesn't know anything about the art of cross-examination. You would imagine they could save a little money on dry goods these days, but a two-yaru hob ble costs just as much as a 20 yard hoop skirt used to. No matter how brave a man may be, he doesn't like to wake up in the middle of the night and imagine he sees something in a dark corner. Some men are upheld in their homes, but more are held up. If you go without a thing un til the price is reduced you'll find out you don't need it. The man who isn't doing it al ways knows how it should be done. Methuselah never heard of germs and he never slept on a porch, but somehow or other the durned ignoramus managed to live through it. ' What has become of the old fashioned woman who kept it hidden in a bottle in the bed room closet and called it "bitters?" Ozark. Mr. Mont Conover, wife ano children, Mr. Olie McKinley anr sister visited their grand-par ents, Mr. Green McKinley am wife, Sunday. Uncle Green i 87 years old and his wife is 89 They are quite active. The live near Glensfork, this COUnty Mi'oc. p. roUUn ; . :. Miss Cary Cabbell is visiting at the home of her uncle, Mr. John White. 4 Master Rollin Montgomery is spending the week with his uncle, Mr. Kelley Bell, Mont pelier. Mrs. Mollie Elder and two lit tle boys, of Green view, 111., vis ited Misses Addie and Emma McKinley last Tuesday. Mrs. Walker Bryant spent last week with her brother and family, this place. Mrs. W. G. Roy is quite sick I at this writing. Miss Annie E. Montgomery is making preparations for a visit to Oklahoma. She will remain several months if she likes the country. Mr. John Combest bought 20 acres of land from B. G. Red mon, last Monday, giving in pay ment a span of work mules. Mr. Calvin Maupin sold to11 Deener Rooks one cow and for $36. calf! Mrs. T. J. Bryant is suffering worse this week. Superstitions Concerning Salt. According to a popular Nor wegian belief, one will shed as many tears as may suffice to dis solve the quantity of salt which one has spilled; while in some parts of Yorkshire it is often Said that every grain of salt ii j ,, t ,. spilled on the table represents a tear to be shed. SAVES WASTE OF FODDER. This Movable Manger Can Be Made to Pay For Itself In One Season, riere Is a portable manger that ono fanner has found very beneficial in ' feeding hay, fodder and other rough age about the farm. Of course it saves waste resulting from feeding on i the ground. In one season this man- i ccr will pay for itself in feed that i MAXGEB THAT CAN BE MOVED. From the Iowa Homestead. saved. If it can be made of oak boards so much the better, as it will last much longer. The runners are 2 by S inch stuff, fourteen feet long, shaped at the ends like a sled runner. Sis inches from 2ach end is a 2 by S three feet long, set inside the runners. A third 2 by 8 Is spiked Inside the runners at center. On top of end and center braces ara nailed 2 by 4's flat side down. In each corner a 2 by 4 upright 2 ! feet high is made stationary, also one at center of each side. Three four-inch boards are nailed to the unriirhrk Iloles are bored In the ends of the run-1 ners and heavy wire inserted to which singletree Is attached whenever it Is j desired to move the rack about on thr j farm. Iowa Homestead. Making a Hog Climb. Farm and Fireside gives a farmer's account of a discovery which enables him to load hogs easily on to a wag on. He says: "One of the best labor saving devices that I have used is a bushel basket over the head of a hog when loading. Place the basket over the hog's head and back him Into the chute. The hog will continue to back and Is very quickly and easily loaded." ALL AROUND THE FARM. Cover crops must be used to prevent the loss of plant food. Don't forget the weeds that are get ting ready to go to seed along the road side. It Is a mistake to keep a nondescript bull simply because he cost a little money. The tool which usually follows the plow in the course of tillage Is the harrow. From the time corn tassels out until it becomes ripe it Increases Its dry matter fivefold. wn phii ippimf pni ip.y ypt President Wilson W i ".'ait on Harri son's Investigct o.is There. "Washington. Pro. .ent Wilson has fixed upon no hard and fast policy to ward Philippine independence. The president does not consider himself bound in any way to approve the meas ure fixing 1921 as the date for Philip pine independence, which was reported out by the Democratic majority of the house committee on insular affairs at I ill 6 lust session of congress ' it is the president's "conviction that ' tfle dle at which the Filipinos will ( become capable of esercisinsPtQe ptnv crs of full self government is problem atical and that considerable time will nave to eiapse ana comprenensive in vestigations be made before this ad ministration can be justified in adopt ing a formal attitude toward the inde pendence of the islands. President Wilson has chosen Francis Burton Harrison to be governor gen eral of the islands largely with the view to securing a competent investi gation of conditions there. ARMY RECRUITS ARE FEW. Reserve Law Causes Enlistments to Drop Off 400 a Month. "Washington. Enlistments in the army are falling off about 400 men a month, and army officials believe it to be due largely to the army reserve, created by act of congress. However, only eight men formerly in the army have joined the reserves, which were organized last November, although this record does not include those men en listed since November and who must serve three years in the reserve follow ing their four year enlistment The average number of enlistments in the army since Nov. 1 last has been about 2,000 a month, whereas it should have been about 2,400. Officers con tend desirable men hesitate to bind themselves for seven years. It wjm pointed out also that "reservists' "Wftnlrl rppplvf n hnrnitr nf nnxr tTi n month in case of war, whereas a man ranging down from $S. SMALLEST PAINTING ON GRAIN OF CORN Artist Recovers Remarkable Landscape, Camden, X. J. Samuel T. Schultz of this place, whose scenic and mural painting studio is at Wilmington, Del has, despite a lifetime spent in naint- ins suljects in heroic size, the unique distinction of having made the small- est landscape painting in the world, Jt was executed on a grain of corn, and the painter has only now recover- i ed it after having lost possession of the picture for more than forty years, In which it has traveled from art cen ter to art center through Europe, at tracting wide attention as the tiniest painting on earth. Charles A. Wise, dead many years ago, but who had a wide reputation as a painter in his day. declared the grain, of corn landscape to be a masterpiece of miniature painting. Having lost track of the picture, which he made In 1SG9, when he was only nineteen years old, Schultz decided recently to try to recover it. lie advertised in several foreign newspapers, with the result that the wee landscape came to him in its origi nal frame a few days ago. the paintiasr in color and line being as sharp and clear as on the day of its execution. The particular grain of corn used came from an ear that Schultz as a lad plucked on the estate of James Bu chanan, fifteenth president of the Unit ed States, at WheatWud. Pa. He had gone there to attend the ex-president's ; funeral and plucked the ear of corn an a souvenir. CORN CROP VERY SHORT. Government Reports Estimate Damage at 300,000,000 Bushels. Washington. As a consequence of the drought through the western states the promise of the country's corn crop was cut down ROO.OOO.OOO hn;hpl This is shown in the government's monthly crop report it now appears that the country will harvest 2,072,000.000 bushels of corn in 1913. compared with 2,971,000,000 bushels promised prior to the drought. Last year the American corn crop was 3,124,000,000 bushels. The wheat crop is likely, however, to make a high rec ord. A harvest of 744,000.000 bushels of this grain is promised for 1913. Last year the wheat output was 730, 000,000 bushels. HEART ON RIGHT SIDE. Accident to Brockton (Mass.) Pushed Organ Out of Place. Boy Brockton, Mass. Keen scientific in terest is displayed by lirockton sur geons n the case of Henry Dicker man, a fifteen-year-old boy, whose? heart was forced by accident from Its' normal place to his right side. The boy was practically the sole support of his family. Several weeks ago Dickerman. who was employed at a factor', was run over by an ice wagon. His ribs were crushed. The surgeons say that It is probable that the heart will remain on the right 3lde. but that the boy will regaiu hi tall strength In time. V i