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Mount Vernon signal. (Mt. Vernon, Ky.) 18??-current, May 18, 1906, Magazine Section, Image 7

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ENGLISH LANDSCAPE
Their Roads and Bridges are Sub
stantial Enduring and
Picturesque
In Comparison With American Rural
Improvements They Convey The
Idea That We Think But Little Of
Posterity
wiltbear
bear telling again as it illustrates so
well the disadvantages to be over
come in a new country It Js of an
American traveling in England who
when out walking one day stopped In
front of an old English mansion to ad
mire it and its surroundings What
particularly impressed him was the
magnificent sweep of velvet lawn
which extended without a flaw or
blemish from the hedge along the
roadway up to the very steps of the
house An old gardener was at work
partlculrcrtime
time was pushing a lawn mower across
the sward The American hailed him
and with the usual freedom and in
quisitiveness of his nationality asked
many questions as to the conduct of
affairs in such an establishment ao
the gardener was connected with
1encrbow
how do you make a lawn like this
I have a place in America and I am
trying to make a lawn around the
bouse but it doesnt seem to do well
The old gardener scratched his head
end looking doubtfully at the Ameri
can he said You must have a good
eutfsoll and a good surface soil and
the sod must be well laid Then you
must roll it and cut it and water It
and keep on doing this until its
right
A CENTURY TO MAKE A LAWN
The American agreed with him
that the process was simple and then
asked How long will I have to do
this before the lawn is like that one
The old gardener again spoke doubt
fully but finally gave it as his opinion
that If his directions were followed
for anywhere from fifty to a hundred
years the results would be all that
could be desired
This same idea might also apply to
the roads and bridges throughout Eng
land for much of their excellence la
due to the fact that their foundations
were laid scores of years ago and
generation after generation of work
ers has been tinkering at them ever
since In fact the roads built by the
Romans now serve as the foundations
for some of the best Known English
highways and to the south of Lon
don east and west through the beauti
ful county of Surrey there Is a road
now greatly patronized by the owners
of motor cars which in its beginning
was the highway beaten hard by the
sandaled feet of the early Britons as
a9they
Wales with their backbreaking bur
burdens
dens of tin This same road was af
terwards improved In its texture and
grades because of its being the high
way for the pilgrims of western Eng
land en route to Canterbury It la
still shaded in places by the yew trees
planted perhaps a thousand years ago
to furnish bows the sturdy British
archersENGLISH
ENGLISH ROADS VERY NARROW
roadIs
IB generally narrow so narrow in
The mysterioHS spots an Use
t Sue Get our Solar Tcle
scope amine thca
fact that it is only in certain places
that one team can pass another with
out consiuorable manoeuvering If all
the labor expended upon an American
country road were to be concentrated
upon a narrow track only wide
enough for a farmers wagon great
Improvement in results would be
noted for it Is of course much cheaper
to lay the foundations build up the
body and surface a road fourteen
I I feet wide than to put Into shape a
highway which at its narrowest point
the ambitious Americans have extend
ed to forty feet This in itself is a
point which if Intelligently adopted
would in many places solve the ques
tion of a practicable roadway upon
which In all kinds of weather and at
all times of the year a single team of
horses could haul a profitable load to
market
The English farmer nsns n cart up
on which a single horse draws any
where from one to two tons of dead
weight The tires of the wheels are
from four to eight inches In breadth
thereby cutting no ruts and each pass
Ing vehicle adds to the solidity and
smoothness of the road in that It3
wheels serve as eCrectIve rollers
ENGLISH COUNTRY ROAD AND BRIDGE CROSSING RAILROAD TRACKI
It is not due to any peculiar advan
tage of Boil and certainly not to any
advantages of climate that English
roads are better than American roads
for it one leaves the highway in the
English country the lanes will be
found by a traveling American to
have a most homelike appearance In
their rutted condition and a very
great contrast In the matter of holes
bogs and boulders to the highway left
behInd No climate could be more
threatening to the solidity of a road
way than the moist and changeable
weather of the British Isles
STURDY APPEARANCE OF THE
BRIDGES
In the matter of bridges solidity
seems to be the purpose In view The
arches and retaining walls are built
of stone approaches are gradual and
when once the finishing touch is put
upon one of these structures it will
with little supervision and care out
I last even to many generations the men
whose handiwork it is The solid ma
sonry arch the heavy stonecapped
I wall and the gradual rise of the road
way to the centre of the bridge are
i entirely utilitarian in the minds of
ottI1e
the builders but they possess a cer
tain sturdy character of their own
which is a form of beauty welcomed
by the eye Time softens the colors
Ivy creeps over the stones and in a
short space even if newly built one
of these English country road bridges
takes a permanent place in the land
scape giving the impression of always
having been there and of intending
lntend1Dgalways
always to remain
THEIR VALUE TO THE TEAMS
TER
Aside from the beauty strength and
durability of these macadam roads
and stone bridges they possess an
economic value which plays a large
part in the conduct of an English
farm where the margins of profit aro
email and there is no reason to be
liens but that the American farmer
especially In regions where tho culti
vation of the land is more or less In
tensive we would find similar roads
and bridges of enormous value
valuethrough
Ills ability to reach his market In the
shortest time at the minimum ex
pense and with the least motive power
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BAD FOR COUNTERFEITERS
Secret Service is Hard Pushing
this Dangerous Class of
Criminals
Detectives Kept on Alert to Cope With
Clever and Brainy Schemes for
Passing Illegal MoneyThe King
of Counterfeiters
This has been a bad year for crimi
nals This statement is based on data
brought out at the convention of the
Police Chiefs Association of New Yon
State an address delivered by the
president of the International Associa
tion of Police Chiefs and by
the operations of the var ious police
bureaus of the United States govern
ment The secret service division ol
the Treasury alone caused the arrest of I I
532 persons charged with serious
crimes Of those taken into custody
custodyfortyone
fortyone were arrested for counter
feiting tho currency fiftytwo for malt
ing alterations in the currency 344 for
counterfeiting coin and the remainder
for various violations of the United
States statutes Of the 532 alleged of
fenders 392 were native Americans
fortytwo wero Italians some of whom
were naturalized and thirteen were
Austrians The largest number of ar
rests were made in Pennsylvania where
those apprehended numbered ninety
four New York followed with seventy
seven arrests Ohio with thirtyfive
California with twentynine Missouri
vith twentythree and in the remaining
instances every state and territory with
tho exception of Alaska was represent
d
As compared with last year there
I was a decrease In the amount of count
erfeit currency seized by government
I officers and an increase in the amount I
of counterfeit coin confiscated The
total face value of the notes seized was
SfiS24 against 44350 the preceding
year and of the spurious coin 24110
as against 16419 the year before The
number of plates for printing counter
feit bills captured by the government
was 165 and the number of dies and
molds for casting and stamping count
erfeit coins was 454 Nearly all this
stuff was seized by the Government
before It had been placed in circula
tion Nine classes of counterfeit notes
were placed in circulation and of these
In the opinion of the Treasury of
ficers only four were cleverly enough
executed to be called dangerous
RAISING SMALL BILLS
The feature of the work of makers
of false money this year was in raising
the denomination of bills There was
rather a remarkable increase in this
Illicit industry and tho raisers wero
particularly busy in circulating these
altered obligations in Ohio Indiana
Illinois and other states of the middle
west It is believed by the officers of
the secret service that theleading of
fenders in this divisionsfof criminal
work were captured thoughthere is no
doubt that many altered bills are still
passing from hand to hand in the chan
nels of trade Counterfeiters in the
United States do not restrict their
operations to the manufacture of Amer
ican money and one of the skillful
pieces of work done by the secret ser
vice men was the apprehension of
three groups of counterfeiters whoi
were issuing fraudulent obligations of
the AustroHungarian government
BROCKWAY THE KING OF COUNTER
FEITERS
Because of the comparative isolation
of Hawaii its large foreign population
and the amount of silver in circula
tion it seems that the coining in
dustry has been active there Chief
Wilkie of the Secret Service has an
nounced that arrangements have been
made for the establishment of a branch
of the service at Honolulu where in
dications have pointed to tho develop
ment of coining enterprises and it is
hoped that the contemplated measures
of suppression may be effective
Another reason why the past year
has been a difficult one with criminals
is that there has been an increase of
department
ment of the various cities and gen
eral Improvement in criminal identi
fication and police work As Richard
Sylvester major and superintendent of
the police department of Washington
D C and president of the Interna
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V
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MILESMr
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WORTH MANY TIMES THE PRICE
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ft M
tional Association of Police Chiefs re
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It should not be forgotten that in this
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forgers
It is a fact worth noting that the
King of Counterfeiters is at large but
is under surveillance of secret service
men This old and skillful operator
is Wm E Brockway and he lives in
N Y He has done penance for his
offences against the statutes of the
United States but though now old yet
so great is he as a maker of counterfeit
money that the secret service men
never lose sight of him Brockway can
make money which any banker in the
country would accept as genuine
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Jo 11
ERUPTION OF KRAKATOA
Continued from preceding page
hausted The waves were then strange
to say reflected back from their point
of convergence to retrace their steps
to Krakatoa Starting from Central
America they again described a series
of enlarging circles until they em
braced the whple earth Then ad
vancing into tho opposite hemisphere
hemispherethey
they gradually contracted until they
had regained the Straits of Sunda
from which they had set forth about
thirtysix hours previously Here was
indeed a unique experience The air
waves had twice gone from end to end i
of the globe Even then the atmos
phere did not subside until after some
more oscillations of gradually fading
intensity at last they became evanes
cent
But besides these phenomenal un
dulations this mighty incident at
Krakatoa has taught us other lessons
I on the constitution of our atmosphere
We previously knew little or I might
almost say nothing as to the condi
tions prevailing above the height of
ten miles overhead We were almost
altogether ignorant of what the wind
might be at an altitude of say twenty
miles Krakatoa drove into those
winds prodigious quantities of dust
hundreds of cubic miles of air were
thus deprived of that invisibility
which they had hitherto maintained
With eyes full of astonishment men
watched those vast volumes of Kraka
toa dust start on a tremendous jour
r
ney Westward the dust of Krakatoa
Krakatoatook
took its way Before the occurrence
slightest
est suspicion that far up aloft twenty
tempestis
is incessantly hurrying with a speed
speedmuch
much greater than that of the awful
hurricane which once laid so large a
part of Calcutta on the ground and
slew so many of its inhabitants For
Fortunately
humanity this new
tradewind does not come within
withinless
less than twenty miles of the earths
surface We are thus preserved from
the fearful destruction that its unin
unintermittent
termittent blasts would produce
blasts against which no tree could
stand and which would in ten min
utes do as much damage to a city as
would the most violent earthquake
earthquakeVhen
When this great wind had become
charged with the dust of Krakatoa
then for the first and I may add for
the only time it stood revealed to hu
man vision Then it was seen that
this wind circled round the earth in
the vicinity of the equator and com
pleted its circuit in about thirteen
days
In some violin experiments in a
menagerie the influence of the instru
ment was greatest on the puma which
became much excited when lively
music was played but was soothed by
slower melodies Wolves showed an
appreciative interest lions and hyenas
were terrified leopards were uncon
cerned while monkeys stared in won
der at the performer
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