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Owingsville outlook. [volume] (Owingsville, Ky.) 1879-192?, August 20, 1896, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86069620/1896-08-20/ed-1/seq-4/

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OWINGSVILLK.
KY.
SUBSCRIPTION, $1 YEAR IN ADVANCE.
THURSDAY. At GI ST 20, 1S!..
ANNOUNCEMENTS.
For Circuit Judge.
Judge R. F. Day, of Mt. Sterling,
in a candidate for the Democratic
nomination for Circuit Juilire in
the Twenty-first Judicial district.
conined of the counties of Bath.
Menifee, Montgomery and Rowan.
M. S. Tyler, f Mt. Sterling, is a
candidate for the Democratic nom
inutiwn for Circuit Judge in this
(the 21st) Judicial district.
Charles W. Xeebitt is a candi
date for the Democratic nomina
tion for Circuit Judge of this dis
trict. For Sheriff.
George T. Young, of Owingsvillc,
if a candidate for the Democratic
nomination for Sheriff of Rath
oouiity, w ith Seth Rotts, of Sharps
burg precinct, for deputy.
Johnson M. Atchison, of Wyom
ing prcrinct, is a candidate for the
Democratic nomination for Sheriff
of Rath county.
For Jailer.
e are authorized to announce
Samuel T. Jones, of White Oak, a
candidate for the Democratic nom
ination for Jailer of Rath county.
Election, November, 1S97.
John Jackson, of Preston, is a
candidate for the Democratic nom
ination for Jailer of Rath Co.
Cabe S. Ratliff, of Raid Eagle, is
candidate for the Democratic
nomination for Jailer of Rath couu-
PublicSchool Superintendent.
W. Jasper Lacy, of near Owings
villc, is a candidate for the Demo
cratic nomination for Rath Co. Su
perintendent of Public Schools.
Election, November, 1897.
Farmers and Free Silver.
To the Farmer of Jefferson
County : I make no apology for ad
dressing you upon a subject of the
gravest importance to each of you
and to myself. Rom and reared
n Beargrass, I have done every
sort of work that is usual on a Ken
tucky farm ; I have plowed, chop
ped wood, planted corn, cut hemp
and worked in the harvest fluid.
The farm on Beargrass that my
grandfather settled in the Indian
tliys, my father held and his chil
dren h.ld to this day, every foot
of the origiual tract is held by hie
descendants. Maoy years agnWy
father acquired a farm on "the Ohio
river in Henderson and Lnion
counties, which he gave to me. To
these lands and to my personal la
bor I look lor the support of my
famrly.
From that Ohio river farm for
many year the rent has been
portion of the crop. My interests
are the same as yours. If the free
coinage of silver is your interest it
is alo mine; if it be my interest
that it be stamped out as a de
etructive doctrine it is equally
your interest.
Perhaps it may be said that as a
lawyer 1 have different interests
from tboce of the farmer. I be
lieve that my interests are the
both directions. In any
event, the facts which I shall bring
to your attention are such as you
know about and in respect to which
You cannot be deceived by either
lawyers or politicians.
Frankly, therefore, and with no
fear of resentment from you, 1 ad
dress you on this momentous ques
tion.
It is not my purpose to rehearse
or discuss the questions of "re
demption" money or "flat" money
the alleged "crime of 1873" or the
natter of "international bimetal
lism." I shall leave these matters
to the politician, who doubtless
will eontiaTie as they have done
to cloud the tkies and to muddy
the waters until men of plain sense
and ordinary experience can ace
' nothing clearly in the skies or up
on the earth.
What I shall do it this: I shall
recognise what every Kentucky
farmer knows: that within late
years your lands have depreciated
in value; that your crops of wheat,
corn, potatoes and all others, do
not bring their former prices; that,
as a result, the farmer has suffered
and is suffering; and tbat it re
quires all bis conservatism, all his
patriotism, all his native firmness
and that philosophy born of inde
pendence, to restrain bis impa
tience and to keep it from break
ing out in vain and foolish discon
tent.
I shall seek to gather up and
state facts which are known to
us all, common to our daily experi
ence, and endeavor to ascertain
whether they explain, in whole or
in pait, the troubles that are upon
the country wirnout the necessity
of resorting to the 'crime of 1873"
as their explanation. If we shall
find that such causes exist, known
and certain to us all, causes which
are wholly independent of the coin
age or the currency question, we
hall then be prepared to ask of
the politician why they attempt
to mislead us by the repeated dec
laration that it is all due to the
demonetization of silver, and that
free coinage will restore prosperity-
If they shall fail to point out
that free coinage will tend to re
move these deep-seated causes of
depression, we shall know that
they speak in ignorance or for pur
pose of deception. In either case
resentment and contempt will con
snire with true natriotisra to in-'
rtl,0 r-j--tin f llu-ir falfso and
appeals lu our prejudices and
our pa&Mons.
Thank God, (lie farmers of Ken
tucky, ly inheritance anil by rea
son of their very mode f life,
missoh those firm and Hrongqual
iti'f of mind and character which
enable them to resist and to reject !
the sophistries of imlitieians and
j which lix I hem in the purport; to
stiitul always for six i:tl and polili-
Ieiil ordi r.
That man is weak indeed who
hall declare that one cause is suf
ficient to produce that vast and al
most universal depression which
ha spread over the entire civilized
world during the past live or six
years.
England, with her "gold stand
ard," has felt it ; Europe, with its
various financial policies, has felt
it ; South America and Auslrulia
have been prostrated by it; it has
moved like a mighty tidal wave
over the earth, leaving ruin and de
struction in its path. Had any
singlc cause existed it would have
been recognized and removed. It
is because the sources of the trou
ble are many; because they are in
herent in the very nature of mod
ern progress and modern life; be
cause no legislation, no govern
mental power can remove them,
and that, like the tidal wave, they
are controlled by natural forces,
that vain and shallow men, not
perceiving their depth, their force
or their meaning, are like tho In
dian doctors offering their nostrums
and their charms to control the
waves of the great ocean of com
merce. 1 submit to you as a fact which
your personal experience will veri
fy that the "demonetization of sil
ver" has had no appreciable effect
upon the decline in the value of
lands or farming products; that
these results arc due to other plain
and well known causes.
Let us look at some of the facts
of experience.
In the year 1858, as a boy, I rode
on horseback with my father (Mr.
William C. Bullitt) from Louis
ville to Henderson. He purchased
the best Ohio river bottom farm
which he could find.about 500 acres,
for $35 an acre. I hold that farm to
day and could not sell it for $20 per
acre. Did the crime of 1873 destroy
its value? Will the free coinage
of silver restore its value? If I so
believed, surely I should labor side
by side with the silver miners and
their confreres, the silver politi
cians. Rut I believe nothingof the sort;
the silver question has had but lit
tle, if anything, to do with its de
cline, and free coinage cannot re
store its value because it cannot
remove the causes of its depres
sion. What has produced the decline
in value of Kentucky lands?
In 1S58 the West and Northwest
was a virgin prairie; not a railroad
penetrated the great wilderness be
yond the Mississippi river. Illinois,
Indiana, Michigan, Missouri and
Wisconsin were J - vhe
n.l of agiSuU '
It was a common
that the fai intra in that si
wire using corn for fuel, as a pro
tection against the rigors of win
ter. They could not obtain coal,
they could not ship their crop, and
corn was their cheapest fuel.
Kentucky, with her great Ohio
river and its tributaries, was near
to the markets of the world, her
lands were unrivaled for utility,
and they commanded a price com
mensurate with her situation.
loaay tne Mates named are
laced throughout, east and west,
north and south, by railroads,
which bring every farm to the very
doors of Chicago and New York
ueanwnue wnat in our old geog
raphies were the "Middle States"
have cow become "Central Middle
States;" the "West" is wholly be
yond the Mississippi river. A
mighty empire, traversed by the
Nonbern Pacific, the Union Pacific,
the Southern Pacific and Canadian
Pacific railroads, interlaced by such
vast interior systems as the Chic
ago. Milwaukee & St. Paul, the
Chicago ex Northwestern, the Iron
Mountain, the Denver & Rio
Grande, the Atchison, Topeka &
Santa Fe and a hundred other rail
roads; has been brought into im
mediate communication with the
great lakes, the Atlantic and Pa
cific seaboards.
Kentucky, meanwhile, confident
in ber wealth and in her central
position, has slept the "sleep of the
righteous" and. awakens to find
herself central indeed, but away
off from the mighty tide and path
ot commerce.
If you wish to restore the values
of your land you must blot out the'
Great West and Northwest; or, by
your energy, your intellect and
your skill, you must build up your
Mate and take your position ai
leaders in the agriculture, manu
factures and commerce of the
world.
Silver has not developed and will
net destroy the West. Free coin
age will add neither to your Intel
lect, your energy nor your enter
prise. All tbat it can do for you
is to bind you a slave to the
chariot of the Western silver
kings, who will use you lor your
destruction, tor the further build
ing up of that va6t country which
already overenadows ana now
threaten to engulf you.
Never did a more fatal error af
fect a deluded people than that
now sought to be imposed upon the
South : that the West is her true
ally in the struggle for agricultur
al and commercial supremacy. The
est is your one constant and
most dangerous rival. - The West
alone will derive advantage from
free coinage, and that will be al
ways at your expense. If you as
pire to keep pace with her you need
of all things, tbo capital and the
friendship of the East.
But other causes of far-reaching
importance have clearly and indis
putably contributed to depression
in the value of Kentucky land.
The value of your land depends
upon the amount of your crops.
Ihi'iu and
tlie prices you ran get fur them.
Here is where the f firmer llrst feels
I lie ii ni'Ii, and here lie U mont eas
ily deceived ly (he specious falla
cies of free t-ilvcr.
The politicians tell you that the
low price of gram is duo to th
scarcity of money; that an increase
n the volume of circulation will
restore high prices and that vill
bring prosperity. This folly lias
been repeated time mid again in
the history of in oiler n times; al
ways with the same results; a
frenzy to gi t more money a larger
circulation a frenzy of specula
tion; a ernsh and general ruin.
Let us look closely into this
question and see if there is an ex
planation for low prices clearly
open to the actual vision and ex
perience of every farmer and whol
ly disconnected with the plenty or
scarcity of money
Again I revert to my own expe
rience and appeal to the personal
observation of every farmer whocan
remember some forty years back.
Forty or forty-five years it go farm
ing processes were practically what
they had been for 2U years. Corn
was planted ly dropping front the
hand four or five grains in a hill and
covering it with a hoc; potatoes were
planted the same way; wheat was
sow n from a hag carried about the
neck and thrown broadcast over the
ground. Harvesting of wheat and
other small grain was perhaps the
crudest process of all. It was cut
with a sickle, which was nothing hut
the ordinary grass hook w ith saw
teeth, a handful of wheat being cut
at a stroke of the sickle. While one
man cut, another followed him to
hind the wheat, and the reapers were
followed ly men who shocked it
then it hail to be hauled and stacked
until such time as other work would
enahle it to he threshed. The thresh
ing process was this: The wheat was
hauled to a yard, a circular path
about thirty or forty feet wide was
narked out; on this was thrown the
tunnies or wheat anu there it was
trodden out by horses ridden by Ixtvs
or men; and what fun it was to the
hoys who dreamed not of the expense
to the farmer. As trodden out the
straw was removed with pitchforks,
a large portion of the wheat going
along with the staw. The grain and
ehall were hauled in wheelbarrows
to the fan, and there the w heat was
separated from the cliatl through a
fan worked by the band of a single
man,
The farmer of that day received a
high price for his wheat ; if he had
not done so he would have starved ;
it was worth a high price because of
the time and labor that were Itestow
ed upon it. Rut the profit of the farm
er at last was small far less, I appre
hend, than the profit derived today
by every intelligent farmer for the
same work. 51 v father who owned
l.ooo acres of Beargrass land, who
was know n to he one of best farmers
in the county, was enabled, with
strict economy, to raise his family in
reasonable comfort and educate them
fairly; and with the single exception
of the Ohio river farm, which hepur-
jhased us above mentioned, he left
to his descendents exactly what he
had received from his own father.
Today that farm is cultivated by
Ave tenants. Five families are suit
ported upon it in comfort, and their
incomes combined will largely ex
ceed what its former owner could
make on It.
It is a simple mistake to suppose
that the high prices of that period
meant a profit to the farmers at all
commensurate with what the same
prices w ould mean today. The whole
process o farming changed, the corn
cVii:, tne potato drill and planter, the
wheat drill have practically superse
ded the work wldch was formerly
done by hand. The sickle was fol
lowed by the cradle and the wheat
fan was followed by a stationary
thresher worked by horse power. To
day the wheat machine cuts, binds
and piles the wheat ready for shock
ing. Stacking is a thing of the past ;
the movable steam thresher has ban
ished the stationary horse power
thresher, as well as the old trend I ng
out process, and the use of either of
these methods, which were consid
ered ample within the present gener
ation, would now excite a smile,
A 100 acre field of wheat which for
merly required twenty-five or thirty
men to cut is now done and better
done by four or rive men in less time,
The result is plain and undeniable
and it is knowu to every farmer of
experience. The production of wheat,
corn, potatoes and all farm products
have increased enormously in pro
portion to the number of men ami la
borers engaged in agriculture. Pro
duction has increased beyond the de
mand.
In addition to this fact, the world
recognizes that the value of farm
products, as ot all other products,du-
pends upon tne cost ot production,
If wheat costs ft) cents a bushel to
raise, the world is willing to allow
and nay 60 cents, 75 ceuts, or a dollar
as prollt of the farmer. If it costs
15 ceuts a bushel to raise, the
world will not pay a price of
more than 80, 40 or oO cents. These
are facts which you and I know to be
true. They are the true factors and
the main causes of the decline of the
price in farm products. The silver
orators may denounce the "crime of
173, tney may declaim wltn vehe
mence against "Wall street" and the
"goldbugs;" they may a peal, seek to
arouse the South and est against
the East; but they cannot erase or
hide the plain, simple fact that our
lands have depreciated in value and
the prices of farm products in Ken
tucky have been depressed because
because of the fierce competition
which we encounter from the West
and Northwest and of the inventive
processes which Kentucky fanners
and farmers throughout the world
have adopted for the purpose and
with the effect of reducing the cost
of production.
It may, however, be suggested that
there must be a defect iu the argu
ment because the West is suffering
as well as the Bouth. This is doubt
less true, but to a much smaller ex
tent than prevails in the (South. It
arises from two main causes.
(1.) The agricultural production of
the W est has been developed and in
creased with a rapidity too great for
tne demands oi tne worm.
(2.) The West and Mouth alike
have encountered an unexpected but
tremendous competition from Aus
tialia, South America, India and
even Russia. Russian jute has en
tirely driven out hemp which was
formerly the chief staple of the Ken
tucky farmers, while wneat is poured
into the markets from every quarter
of the world.
The agitation of the silver question
is temporary : the form and volume
of our currency may be regulated by
Congress, but these underlying caus
es are permanent iu their nutury and
are governed solely by natural laws.
If you desire to raise prices, or, even
jieiinanently, to keep them at any
llxed ratio, you must udopt some plan
which will destroy or curb the inven
tive faculty of man or prevent the
world from using the labor-saving
Inventions. But this, you will agree
with me, is neither possible nor de
sirable. The prosperity of the farmer de
pends not upon the actual, but upon
the relative, orices which he is able
to obtain for his product. The farm
er must be at large expense; he must
buy clothing; he must buy machin
ery ; be must procure fertilizers ; lu a 1
the expense of raihing
hundred ways he must spend his
earnings of the year to produce his
crop for the next year. If those
things which Helms to liny are lor
any reason reduced in price relative
ly as much as his rami products lie
is in no w ise the sufferer; if relative
ly increased, he is in no wise the
gamer.
If now- we shall oulv look with an
observant eve upon other branches of
trade, we find that in fact the same
process of deeli ne in prices chnrac
i.es them all. The cotton gin relieves
the planter of tin-expense of thous
ands of laborers; this iind the mod
ern looms have reduced the pri f
lothiiig from fin to 7-r per cent. The
totato planter or the corn drill costs
tut little more than formerly did a
good plow; the wheat machine will
pay for itseli In the saving or labor
lit a single year; and the whole ex
pense of threshing a crop is not equal
to w hat it formerly cost simply to
cut it.
I have had large observation of far
mers in t liiscomity, mid am prepared
to say w ithout fear of contradiction
that the intelligent and laborious far
mer, in ordinary years and under or
dinary conditions, makes as good a
living as any man lit the community,
and occupies a position of independ
ence w hich has never been surpassed
by people of his class in any period
of tlie world's history.
I can point to a dozen intelligent
tiermaii farmers w ho, commencing
w ith practically nothing, in ten years
have become owners of their own
farms and now form the most sub
stantial citizens of the county. .
if I have spoken truthfully and
sensibly, it is manifest that the "de
monetization or silver ' lias not pro
duced the decline and the "free
coinage" of silver will not restore the
value of farm lands or of farm pro
ducts. I hese depend upon natural
laws, which are Independent or our
coinage or our circulation. The de
cline lias taken place under asvstein
of II nance established and maintain
ed by the ablest and best men of the
country, if not the best It Is a rea
sonable financial system.
You are asked now to change it; to
enter upon a vast sea of uncertainty,
the appeal being made to your dis
content with the low prices as the
ground for such change.
But even upon the argument of the
silver men, what inducements are
offered for the change? I have heard
but two.
It is urged that the Increase In the
volume of circulation will increase
prices. I shall say nothing now of
the inevitable result of free coinage
in absolutely driving all gold from
the country and thus suddenly pro
ducing a most violent contraction
instead of inflation of the circulation
and thus producing a panic more
violent and more widespread than
that of 18U3. I shall simply direct
your attention to one inevitable re
sult which is iu direct line with what
I have heretofore urged. An increase
of prices, by reason of mere inflation.
whether oi paper money or sliver
money, can benefit no one. As the
price of farm lands and farm pro
ducts increases, so lor exactly tne
same reason, everything that the far
mer uses and even the education of
his children will increase in like ra
tio. This can give niin no permanent
relief. What it may i'o, what it has
always done heretofore, ii to induce
a false estimate, lioth of arnin;;
and of values, to stimulato specula
tion, resulting at last in crash ud
ruin. S
Tho only other argument in fairor
of free silver is that men who are in
dobt may pay off their debts In af de
preciated or debased coinage. For
myself, us I believe for you, the (dis
honesty of this argument is its own
answer. Nothing which induces a
spirit of dishonesV in a community
can be of permantrJit benefit to tnVt
people. It will resalt in disaster, I fi
nancial as wen us leorui. Jjat no
hope thus held otU-M uelusive In -self.
A man who owes (UVwt-Yr" he
possesses energy and intelligence
will be able to pay It in sou a nioii
ey under a sound flua".'.'ial-' system.
Iu the midst of wreck of public
confidence, when it is once declared
that the people intend to pay t'ir
debts in dishonest money, the man
who owes money will find his for
tune wrecked before he can raise
even debased silver coinage with
which to pay it off. I submit to you
that the farmers, of all other men, iu
this crisis need to stand for honor
and for the credit of the country, to
repel and to reject as vain and fool
ish the propo itiou that free coinage
will remove those causes which have
through years past, and will through
the years to come, operate independ
ently oiall merequestious of nnance
to reject as dishonoring to the farmer
and to the country the proposition to
pay nonest ueots in a debased coin
age and to reject as foolish and vain
the proposition that the inflation of
currency can give anything of value
to the farmer or to the people at large,
in Louisville Post.
On March 17th, 1896, the Hon
William Jennings Rryan declared
in a public address at Mt. Vernon,
III.: "I am not a Democrat."
New York Sun.
The Pittsburgh iron, steel and
glass men read in the signs of the
times that silverlsm is not going to
win and are preparing to resume
business in a pushing style.
Johw Clark Ridfath, a Republi
can silverite, as a Congressional
nominee of both Democratic and
Populist parties in an Indiana dis
trict, illustrates the freakishness
of the present campaign.
Ji'dge Emirt Whitaker, the
noted Maysville lawyer, repudiates
Bryan and the Chicago platform
Hon. Joseph C. Lykins, of Camp
ton, representative from Morgan
and Wolfe counties, does the same,
Niarlt all the counties in Ken
tucky held National Democratic
conventions Saturday and chose
delegate to the Louisville conven
tion, which meets Aug. 20th. It
will be an enthusiastic and large! v-
atterued meeting.
Tammaht plays politics for self
ish interest strictly. The leaders
propose to endorse Rryan and his
platform, but the word comes that
the rank and file are going to vote
as they please, and a large propor
tion of tbem please to vote for Mc
Kinley.
It Is alleged that Mr. Rryan is
so devoted to her husband that she
sticks too close on all occasions for
the old scheming Southern cam
paign leaders to coach Billy in the
tricks they want him to do. Some
of them will blurt out before long:
"Mrs. Bryan, this isn't no tea-party
nor a fittcn matter for ladies to
dabble in."
The gold-standard Democrats
ask you not to help the act of na
tional suicide. There ara fault in
the financial system. These they
are a8.anxirTr8"tO remedy as you
are, bt they claim to retain their
reasoning faculties and don't want
to do what if successful at the polls
will demoralize the country beyond
hope of restoration in a generation,
If it doesn't cause a revolution that
will disintegrate tho nation itself.
The best thing that can happen
to the eilvcrltes leaders is for Rry-
nn to be overwhelmingly beaten.
If successful at the polls silverism
will be such a demonstrated failure
when enacted into law that the de
luded people who have lieen misled
into believing it a panacea for the
hard times will forevcrmore beware
of those silverite leaders.
Rkaoo and Ruckner are most
spoken of for the Indianapolis Na
tional Democratic Convention s
nominations. "Rragg and Ruck,"or,
better still, "Ruck and Rragg," have
a good, old-fashioned, farm like
sound and tit perfectly in the
mouths of all who are familiar with
the ox-driving days of yore. Rragg
and Ruckner are a good team to
rely upon for steady, heavy pulling.
Wk have received a copy of the
first issue of The Jefferson ian Dem
ocrat, published at Winchester,
Ky., by the Sound Money League
of ('lark county. It is a 6-colunin
folio, beautifully printed and taste
fully made up. Editorially it ably
defends the position of those Dem
ocrats who repudiate the Chicago
platform and ticket, and will not
only hold in line the several hun
dred faithful in Clark county, but
will likely make recruit rapidly
there and wherever it circulates.
At least that is our hope, and we
extend the hand of cordial greet
ing to The Jeffersonian Democrat,
and wish it unbounded success.
Col. Frkd D. Grant, in a letter
to Attorney General W. A. Ketch
am, of Indiana, says he often talk
ed with President Grant, his fath
er, on the question of standard of
currency, and his father never in
timated that he wouldn't have sign
ed the "erime-of-1873" bill if he
had known it "demonetized" silver,
Washington, Jefferson, Jackson,
Webster, Lincoln, Blaine, and oth
ers, by real or pretended extracts
from their writings or speeches.
are quoted as favoring or tending
to favor free coinage of silver at 16
to l.when the extract taken in con
nection with what goes before or
comes after do not favor any such
measure or policy, uarung is a
crafty trick to deceive ".nd for years
the silverite millionaires and weal
thy men interested have hired wri
ter to search for and misapply
everything they can find or think
safe to invent as silverite argument.
Tin alleged interviews with Dr.
Talmago, which are now being used
extensively for political purposes,
has drawn a protest from the emi
nent divine, who objects most stren
uously to the use of his name with
out authority or being credited with
utterances that he never gave voice
to. In a card to the editor of the
New Y'ork Sun the distinguished
clergyman says: "Most of the
muny interviews jttributed to me
on the gold i,iQ silver question
have no foundation whatever iu
fact. I have a better way of saying
what I think on public affairs than
in an interview which may be twis
ted this way or that. Tho Lord
Almighty alone know what will be
tho decision of the ballot box in
November, but no one can make me
believe that this country, which
seems irom the foundation or our
institution to have been under Di
uine Protection, will be allowed
through the unwisdom of it friends
to go to ruin. Our best days are
yet to come." Danville Advocate,
The Canadian have become
airaia mat American silver coins
will go to their bullion value, and
refuse to take them as money any
longer. Until recently they had
passed as current as Canadian oil
ver money, they being of the same
size and nominal value. A corres
pondent writes:
I handed a big American dollar
to a hackman the morning I arriv
ed. He shook hi head and said:
"Beggin yer pardon, sir, we don't
take American silver any more,
"Since when?"
"Ten day or a fertnit."
"That's good money, and we work
hard for it."
"I dare say ye do, sir, an' 'twas
good 'ere, sir, until lately; but
you ve 'eard ot 'aving too much of
a good thing, an' that's what's the
matter."
"How is that?" I asked.
"W'y, you see, sir, we've 'eard as
'ow the silver feller in th' State
is 'avin' it all their own way, sir,
an' when they get 'old of the gov'
ment they're goin' to'avefree coin
age, an' coin all th' silver that's
brought in to 'em, sir. An' we're
thinkin' thet'll be too much uv
good thing, sir, fer the more silver
dollars you git the less they're
worth, sir, an' we Kanuck a 'as
to work 'ard fer our money don't
want to get stuck with 'em, sir.
guess that' about th' size uv it.'
National Democrats Met.
At the meeting of the Sound
Money, or National, Democrats of
Bath county at the Court-house
here Saturday, Aug. 15th, 1896,
Joseph II. Richart, County Chair
man, caUed the meeting to order
and stated its object, viz.: To
select delegates to attend the Ken
tucky State convention at Louis
ville on Aug. 20th, 1896, composed
of representatives of those Demo
crats who oppose the Chicago
platform and the election of Bryan
and Sewall. The meeting was or
ganized with J. II. Richart Chair
man and C. W. Honaker, sr., Sec
retary. The following were ap
pointed delegates to the Louisville
convention :
C. W. Honaker, Sr., J. M. Rich-
art, J. J. Lacy, F. S. Allen, Allie
Lane, W. R. Peters, Sr., B. H.CoIe-
grovo, C. W. Goodpaster, Dr. W.
. Phillips, J. J. Nesbitt,' Daniel
Sheehan, J. II. Richart, N. R. Pat-,
tc'rson, J. V. Goodpaster, D. S. Ea
till, W. II. Canan, C. M. Ratliff, P.
W. Berry, Curran Crouch, Thomas
Canan, S. C. Allen. T. J. Allen, H.
C. Stephens, Lee Rice, James T.
Atchison, George Sorrell, Mike
Carpenter, Clcll Kwing and E. II.
tioodpaster; and any other sound
money Democrats opposed to the
Chicago platform and the election
of Bryan and Sewall, and may at
tend, shall be considered alternates.
Thercwasa fair-sized attendance,
though several from the county
who expected to attend did not get
here, but are in sympathy with the
movement. It is known that a
considerable number of Democratic
farmers are going to vote against
Rryan and Sewull and make no
parade of the matter; so the Chi
cago ticket will lose enough votes
in Ruth county to more than defeat
it here.
Meetings were held in nearly ev
ery county, and some appointed
more than a hundred delegates.
The repudiation of the Chicago
convention is the roost formidable
any party ever experienced in Ken
tucky. In Clark, Bourbon, Scott,
Woodford, Franklin, Todd, Chris
tian and several other counties the
outspoken National Democrats
number up into the hundred. The
convention today at Louisville is
going to be a meeting of representa
tive Democrats that has never been
equalled scarcely in point of good
citizenship, individual prominence
and devotion to the pure principles
of Democracy. The men who are
back of this movement are of the
sort that have given the Democratic
party it character in the past and,
as a rule, are men who, not seeking
office, have given their time, money
and devotion to the Democratic
party for the sake of the principles
it represented in the past.
Bath's
Wealthiest
Farmers.
Men Are
"Mr. Editor: For the take of Information 1
would ask you If you ever knew or heard of
termer being a mllllonalreT Or did joa
ever know a laborer to amasa to machf If
you did not, which I feel positive you never
did, doei It not teem there have been mut
onfair nienni uiwd to build up such fr-
tutieiif ltoe the average reader or laborer
have any Idea what It take to make one
million of dollars? If not, I will glveailnv
pie Illustration: If our Ha v lor had received
one dollar per day from the time of hi
birth, mot losing a day for wet, cold or alck
neaa, up to the present time, he would not
have been a half millionaire. One dollar
per day Is a lair price In flfty-eent dollars.
How long would the average laborer have
to live to amass such a fortune In appre
ciated gold dollars where he had to put up
about three days labor to buy the dollar? is
It any wonder or at all strange that our
Havior forgave the thief on the cross and
drove the money changers from the templet
We have every reason to believe that a slm
liar system is being practiced on the Amer
ican peoplo. No mnn ever mode so much un
less some ones blood cried up from the
ground, nor there never was a dollar of
honest capital unless labor produced it."
Knob Lick Correspondent.
Yes, we have read that not only
in Great Britian, where there are
many millionaire land-owners who
reside on and conduct their estates,
but there are also innumerable mil
lionaire farmers in America. We
call to mind two conspicuous in
stances in Central Kentucky, name
ly, "Old Gray Beard" Sum Clay, of
Bourbon, and Alexander, of V ood
ford county.
All millionaires who have not
fallen heir to their property are
laborers who have gained their
wealth by the labor of their brains.
The progenitor of the Astor fam
ily of millionaires, John Jacob
Astor, who built up the vast foun
dations of that family s fortune
started out in life a poor German
boy. But he had the priceless gift
of genius and a brain that could
plan and project enterprises on an
imperial scale. He was one of the
world's most useful and gifted la
borers.
Old Cornelius Vanderbilt, who
started the accumulations of the
Vanderbilt family of millionaires,
began life as an obscure Dutch cabbage-raiser.
The labor of hi
brains brought him legitimately
more wealth than he could count in
one-dollar pieces.
Astor and Vanderbilt were good
and useful men to their country,
They were geniuses, but they were
laborer who did more work than a
regiment of common laborer, be
cause they were sifted with the
capacity for it No ordinary mind
can have an adequate conception of
the industry and immense labor of
such men.
The instance in which poor, ob
scure young men have started out
in the world as day-laborer or
small-salaried employe and have
risen to be millionaires are too nu
merous to cite. Nearly all million
aire who did not neir their prop
erty rose from poor beginnings.
But we will admit that no day-laborer
can become rich it he spends
his wages (or a little more than his
wages) as fast as be earns them. It
doesn t matter whether hi wages
are 50 cents or $10 per day, if he
wishes to have property he must
save a part of his wages. If he
wills to become wealthy the way is
open to him, for the example are
conspicuous of men who began bus
iness life at 50 cents per day or
lees.
But all can't become millionaires.
The vast majority of the people
must be content with aspirations
towards a reasonable competency
only. That is within the reach of
all if they will use both manual
and brain labor.
Who are the wealthy and the
well-to-do men of Bath county?
The answer is, At least nine out of
ten of them are farmers, worth
from f5,000 up to $500,000.
In the past generations and at
present nearly all the wealthy men
of Bath county were and are far
mers; for instance, Archibald Ham
ilton, his sons James and George,
and his grandsons George G. and
Carroll; William and Harvey Ber
ry, Johnson A. Young, Thomas J.
Young, Thomas Jones, Caleb Rat
liff, James and Johnson Whaley, all
farmers of the Flat Creek section ;
William Atchison and hi sons
Jessie and William, Joshua Ewing
and hi son Henry and Penrose,
A. J. Ewing and hi son F. M
Thomas Lewis, Ambrose L. Wright
uud CbarlcVGoodpaster, all far-
rners of the eastern part of Bath
county. Excepting two or three,
there are but few other men not
farmers to be mentioned in the
least wealthy class of the forego
ing, and some of these few made a
part of their property at farming.
In view of these facts, is it not
too unreasonable and prejudicial to
all principles of right and justice
to seek to array class against class?
or to cry out against bankers and
other capitalists? Let us call your
attention to the fact that the three
oldest bankers in the three towns
of Owingsville, Mt. Sterling and
Heniingsburg all failed. Ranking
and the business of capitalists re
quires the carefullest management
of all business. It may be profit
able or may be ruinous just like
farming: it all depend upon
whether the business is conducted
on business principles, and even in
that event failure sometimes is un
avoidable from the uncertainty of
all human affairs.
All
Democrats Were Once
"Gold-Buss."
The Ohio campaign was opened
by Senator Sherman at Colnmbus
last Saturday. The bulk of his
speech consisted of calm, unan
swerable logic on the silver Issue
and a statement of historical and
recorded facts that are incontro
vertible. It is free from partisan-
ism and is so dignified and judicial
as to scarcely arouse the antagon
ism of an enthusiastic silverite even.
He shows that Thomas Jetferson
was unquestionably the same sort
of a gold-bug as G rover Cleveland,
John G. Carlisle and all sound
money Democrat are, for Jetferson
suspended the coinage of the silver
dollar in 1806; and none were
coined for 30 years after.
He show that Andrew Jackson
was a gold-bug, because he hearti
ly favored the law of 1834, passed
while Jackson was President, which
law was in avowed purpose for the
establishment of the gold standard,
He shows that all Democrat in
1853 were gold-bugs, for they had
the President (Pierce) and a ma
jority of each house of Congress,
and the law of 1853 was enacted,
making fractional silver coins
legal tender for not exceeding $5,
and allowing them coinage on the
Government's account only. This
left gold the only full legal tender
in practice, for the silver dollar
had disappeared from circulation
and no concern was felt for it. The
House committee chairman stated
the purpose of the act of 1853 to
be "to make gold the standard
c " Nobody then cared a par-
t;.. or the coinage of the silver
dollar.
In 1873 the unconcern continued.
The act of 1873 had been first in
troduced in 1870, and everybody in
Congress bad the fullest opporta
nity during the nearly three years
it pended to learn all about the so-
called "crime of 1873, lor it was
long and amply discussed in every
particular. Therefore when the
bill passed without particular op
position it proved conclusively that
nobody cared anything about the
silver dollar and all favored the
continuance of the single gold
standard by law, since it had been
the standard in fact, and inten
tionally so on the part of Congress,
since 1831, except during the paper
currency era.
Senator Stewart, of Nevada,
now and for many year an uncom
promising silverite, voted for the
"crime of 1873," and said va June
12th, 1874, in a debate in Con
gress :
"Sir, the laboring man and the
producer is entitled to have his
product and hi labor measured by
the saint standard of the world
that measures your national debt
Givo him " such i
standard, give him money a you
require from him. You require it
from the producer. lou require
from the laboring man gold to pay
tho interest on your national debt,
which is right, which cannot be
avoided if you mean to save nation
al honor ;but then give him the same
money, with which to pay that
debt.
"The question will never be set
tled until you determine the simple
question whether the laboring man
is entitled to have a gold dollar if
be earns it, or whether you are go
ing to cheat him with something
else, lhatisthe upshot of the
whole thing. Everybody ha to
say that the laboring man was en
titled to a good dollar. That was
fought over. Ibey will fight it
over again, and the' same party
will win. There have been a great
many battles fought against gold.
but gold never has compromised.
flohl hna mxin lha wnrM
respect it all the time. The Eng
lish people once thought they could
get along without gold for a while,
but they bad to come back to it."
Senator Jones, of Nevada, the
most learned silverite of them all,
who voted for the "crime of 1873,"
on June 11th, 1874, said in Con
gress :
I am opposed to any proposition,
come in whatever form it may, that
attempt to override what God
himself has made for money. I be
lieve the sooner we come down to a
purely gold standard the better it
will be for the country."
On April 1, 1874, Jones said :
"Does this Congress mean now
to leave entirely out of view and
discard forever a standard of val
ue? And what but gold can be
that standard? What other thing
on earth possesses the requisite
qualities? Gold is the
articulation of commerce. It is
the most potent agent of civiliza
tion. It is gold that has lifted the
nations from barbarism.
"It is the common denominator
of value. It makes possible the
classification of labor and the in
terchange of commodities. Gold
ha intervened in bargains made
between men since the dawn of civ
ilization, and it ha never failed to
faithfully fulfill its part as the uni
versal agent and the servant of
mankind. The value of
gold is not affected by the stamp
of the Government."
A soon as Stewart and Jonea
began to think they needed a mar
ket for their immense silver pro
duct they became selfish silverite.
and they have been silverite ever
since, willing to force the Govern
ment on any course, regardless of
consequences, just so they eould
make a bigger profit on their silver
metal. The gall of such men 1
prodigious. They have such a
contempt for the understanding of
the masses of the people that -they
nope by appealing to the dishones
ty of some, the cupidity of others,.
the ambition of the worn-out South
ern politicians, and the BuppTS3T?rJ-v
ignorance of the great majority of -plain
people, to increase their per
sonal fortune.aml fasten themselves)
down on their people for a lifo
tenure in the United Senate.
The Silver Congressional Con-
vention.
The Ninth district convention to
nominate a silver Democrat for Con-
gress met at Maysville Wednesday,
Aug. iztn.
The most of the following i ta
ken from the Maysville Ledger and
the Courier-Journal.
The convention met at 10 o'clock
a. m. Frank Powers, of Carter,
was made Temporary Chairman,
and afterwards Permanent Chair
man. The Rath committee assignments
were Geo. M. Ewing on Organisa
tion, W. T. Smoot oa Credentials,
and Wuller Sharp on Resolution.
The nominating speeches lasted
two hours. Geo. M. Ewing nomi
nated A. VT. Bascom ; Boyd county
nominated E. B. Hager; Bracken,
J. B. Uiles; Harrison, H. C. Smith ;
Mason, W. L. Thomas; Fleming,
J. P. Allen.
It was practically the field
against Thomas, but bo combina
tion could be made to defeat him
The first ballot resulted:
For W. Larue Thomas Greenup
5, Lewis 5, and Mason 11 votes; to
tal 21 votes.
For J. B. Hiles Bracken , Car
ter 1 ; total 7.
For Jame P. Allen Carter 1,
rleming8; total 9. '
For Dr. Higging9
Carter 1, Harrison
Robertson 2;
For E. B. I.
2, Lawrence f . K
For A. WL
ter 2, Rowar
Necessary t
On the thirck.
21, Hiles 7, AlleC J
Hager 19 and K-''
Smith's name was vv
the eleven votes in H
cast for Rascoro. On
ballot Harrison, Nicholas
ertson east 20 votes for the-,J
Hanson Kennedy, of Carlisle. VA
fifteenth ballot stood:
For Thomas Greenup, Lew is
and Mason 21. For Hiles Brack-'
en 6, Carter 1 ; total 7. For Allen
Carter 2, Fleming 8; total 10. For
Hager Boyd 7, Carter 3, Law
rence 9 ; total 19. For Bascom
Bath 7, Carter 1, Harrison 11, Row
an 2; total 21. For KennE
Nicholas 7, Robertson 2 ; total 9.
Everybody was afraid to offer a
motion to drop the hindmost can
didate, and at 6 o'clock the con
vention took a recess.
At the night session balloting
continued until after 1 o'clock
without result. At 1 o'clock the
eighty-second ballot was taken, re
sulting: "Tbomas, 29; HagerM;
Bascom, 27; lilies, S. The eotr
vention refused to adjourn, and orf
the eighty-fifth ballot Thomas was
nominated at 1 :20 a. m.
The last ballot stood:
For Williams Bath 7.
For Hager Boyd 7, Carter 7,
Lawrence 9, Nicholas 3, Rowan 1,
Robertson 2; total 29.
For Thomas Bracken 6, Flem
ing 9, Greenup 5, Harrison 11, Lew
is 5, Mason 11, Nicholas 3 J, Rowan
1; total 501.
STATE NEWS.
The Ky. Coal Operators in
State convention last week issued
the following:
A call for a convention of th
owners of coal mines in the United
States, to be held in Chicago, Sep
tember 30, to consider the follow
ing. Whereas, the silver mine owners
of the country bave called oa the
American people, through the Pop
ocratio and Populist parties, to
pass laws, whereby the product of
the silver mines cair be comedjr-to
legal tender money at twice its
market value; and.
Whereas, the entire product of
the said silver mines is but sixty
four million dollars per year; and.
Whereas, the reason given for
this demand by said silver mine
owners and the members of the
great Popocratio and Populistio
parties is that more money is need
ed in the country ; and.
W hereas, the coal mines ox tne
United States produce yearly one
hundred and seventy-eight millions
of tons of coal that sells for an av
erage of $1.08 per ton ; and.
.Whereas, The owners of the eoal
mines, believing mat tno silver
mine owners, under the Constitu
tion, have no more rights and priv
ileges than themselves; therefore.
Resolved, Tbat the Government
of the United States of America
issue to each coal mine owner a
certificate for two dollars for each
ton of coal mined, each certificate
to be legal tender for all debts.
public and private.
Resolved, Tbat tne coal miaa
owners, who are patriotic and lib
eral citizens, realizing the need of
more money for themselves and for
the country, believe that this
method will put into circulation
about four hundred millions ot
dollars yearly, thereby relieving
the necessities of the eoal mine
owners and the people nearly four
times more rapidly than can possu
bly be done by the owners of the
silver mines.
KxHTUtxT Coal Opbkatoks.
War.ted-An Idea S
Frrcr tout Ms; thr nn, ivrttaa ytm weskii.
WrMsj JOHH WKUDEKUl'R M Csa, PIM AUot
vjs. WinLlnattos, D. C. V tbsilr 1 prnw wtlsjc
W UN Ut SMlBMsWfMl IMTMjllQSll
r9- ri .
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