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Breathitt County news. [volume] (Jackson, Ky.) 190?-19??, March 05, 1909, Image 2

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The Breathitt News
I SI PER YEAR IN ADVANCEI
I
T WISE HAGINS EDITOR
Friday March 5
r I
1 Notice to Candidates
rr t Announcements of candidates
for oflico will bo charged for as
followsFor District OfiiceL000
For n County Office 500
Except ft complimentary notice
given each candidate at the timcI
no announces all communications
boosting candidates will be charged
for at 5 cents per line Such com
munications will bo treated as
purely advertising matter for
which Tho News does not assume
any responsibility
Cash thust accompany all orders
for such advertising
ANNOUNCEMENTS
FOR COUNTY CLERIC
I take this means of announc
lug myself as a candidate for
t County Court Clerk of Breathitt
County subject to the action of
the Democratic party If elected
I shall regardless of party affilia
tions be your most obedient ser
vant ALFRED RUSSELL
A r To the Voters of Breathitt Co
I am a candidate for the optic
I of County Court Clerk to be voted
t for at the November election 1909
v GEO W NomE
iFOR SHERIFF
t We are authorized to announce
J 1 ROBERT DEATON
of Crockettsville as a candidate
i
for Sheriff of Breathitt county
subject to the action of the Demo
I cratic party
partyFOR
FOR JAILER
We are authorized to announce
WESLEY TURNER JR
as candidate for Jailcrof Breath
itt county subject to the action of
the Democratic party
t
We arc authorized to announce
MIKE ROBINSON
as a candidate for jtiilcr of Breath
J itt county subject to the action
of the Republican party
Wo are authorized to announce
r J II HUDSON
as a candidate for Jailer of Breath
itt county subject to the action of
the Democratic party
Wo are authorized to announce
G B MALONEY
as a candidate for Jailer of Breath
itt county subject to the action of
the Republican party
IIre are authorized to announce
aYe4sr
A B IIATTON
ns a candidate for jailer of Breath
itt county subject to the action of
the Democratic party
SUPERINTENDENT OF
SCHOOLS
Wo arc authorized to announce
ED DEATON
P
ns a candidate for the office of
Superintendent of Schools of
+ Breathitt county subject to the
action of tho Democratic party
We are authorized to announce
WILLIE TAYLOR
ns a candidate for the edict of
I Superintendent of Schools of
I Breathitt county subject to the
s notion of the Democratic party
I
J A Stamper of St Helens
I was visiting his daughter Mrs T
M Davidson the first of the week
t W L Childers of Gilmore was
n guest of his brother Hardin
f Childers while attending court as
a juror the first of the week
HardinI
Mrs John Davidson of Wo
IIj burn is very low with rheuma
tism Her sons r111 and Rob
ert Davidson have been at her
bedside for the past threo weeks
Oakdale
T II Back and Isubel Allen
who havo been visiting friends at
Jetts Creek passed here Sunday
en route to Jackson Jeff Ever
sole and wife of Cope Branch
were hero Sunday Dud Barger
and Will Gay of Perry county
t
r were visiting Jeff Eversole Sun
dayIeter McIntosh and Isom
Terry of Lick Branch went to
i Jackson the first of the week
James Palmer Peter McIntosh
1 Jr and J G Gabbard of near
Jetts Creek were hero Tuesday
II
onbu inessSallie Woods of
i
II Jackson has been visiting her
I grandparents for several days
r Misses Tilda and Ellen Bsggs vis
L ited Mrs Paul Woods Monday
a Bud Roberts of Turkey visited
I
f Y2 Keen Bryant SaturdavRake
I lip Happy BirdImll lot us
hear the news from Ji s Cr ik
Bon WHITE
I It
T
h 1fT
u
r
t
J t
I 4
TAFTS
TAFTSINAUGURAL
INAUGURAL
INAUGURALADDRESS
ADDRESS
I
Outlines Policy of
Administration
PRAISE FOR ROOSEVELT
Speech Begins With Advocacy
Speechof
of Predecessors Reforms
MANY QUESTIONS TOUGHED
Incoming Presidents Ideas on
Trusts and Other Matters
I
My Fellow Citizens Any ono who
takes tho oath I have Just taken must
feel a heavy weight of responsibility
It not he ban no conception of the
powers and duties of the oflico upon
which ho Is about to enter br he Is
lucking In a proper sense of the obllgn
lion which the oath imposes
The office of an Inaugural addivss Is
W give a summary outline of the main
policies of the new administration so
far as they can bo anticipated I have
hnd the honor to be one of the ad
visers of my distinguished predecessor
and as such to bold up his bands in
the reforms he has Initiated I should
be untrue to myself to my promises
sad to the declarations of the party
platform upon which I was elected to
ufllcc If I did not wake the malnte
nance and enforcement of those re
forms n most Important feature of my
administration They were directed to
tbo suppression of the lawlessness and
abuses of power oJLihojFeat combina
lions of capital Invested In railroads
and In Industrial enterprises carrying
on Interstate commerce The step
which my predecessor took and the
legislation passed on his recommenda
tlon have accomplished much have
caused a general halt in the vlciou
policies which created popular alarm
and bavo brought about In the busl
mess affected a much higher regard for
existing law
lawFurther
Further Action Needed
To render the reforms lasting how
ever and to secure at the same time
freedom from alarm on the part of
thoso pursuing proper and progresslvc
business methods further legislative
and executive action are needed Re
lief of tho railroads from certain re
strictions of tho antitrust law have
been urged by my predecessor and will
bo urged by me On tho other hand
the administration Is pledged to Icgls
ntlon looking to a proper federal su
pervision and restriction to prevent ex
cesslve Issues of bonds and stocks by
companies owning and operating inter
state commerce railroads
Then too a reorganization of tho de
partment of justice of the bureau of
corporations In the department of com
merce and labor and of the Interstate
commerce commission looking to effec
the cooperation of these agencies Is
needed to secure a more rapid and cer
tale enforcemeut of the laws affect
lug Interstate railroads and Industrial
combinations I hope to bo able to submit at the
first regular session of the Incoming
congress In December next definite
suggestions In respect to the needed
amendments to tho antitrust and the
Interstate commerce law and the
changes required In the executive de
partments concerned In their enforce
ment
Good and Dad Trusts
It is believed that with the changes
to be recommended American busl
ness can bo assured of that measure of
stability and certainty In resjTect to
thoso things that may be done and
those that are prohibited whlcb Is
essential to the life and growth ot
all business Such a plan must Include
tho right of the people to avail them
selves of those methods of combining
capital and effort deemed necessary to
reach the highest degree of economic
efficiency at the same time differenti
ating between combinations bused
tupon legitimate economic reasons and
thoso formed with the intent of creat
ing monopolies and artificially control
ling prices
Tho work of formulating Into prac
tical shape such changes Is creative
work of the highest order and requires
all the deliberation possible In the In
terval 1 believe that the amendments
to be proposed are Just ns necessary lu
be protection of legitimate business as
In the clinching of the reforms which
properly bear the name of my prede
cessor
Revision of the Tariff
A matter of most pressing Impor
once Is the revision of the tariff In
iccordimcu with the promises of the
platform upon which I was elected 1
hall call congress Into extra session
to meet on the 15th day of March In
order that consideration may be at
ouco given to a bill revising the Ding
ley act This should secure all ade
quate revenue and adjust the duties In
such a manner as to afford to labor
and to nil Industries In this country
whether of the farm mine or factory
protection by tariff equal to the differ
ence between the cost of production
abroad and the cost of production here
and hove a provision which shall put
Into force upon executive determina
Ion of cert nln faty a higher or maxi
mum tariff agtliwt those countries
whose trade policy tojyiird jjs equitably
requires ItiHi iTtspilialiiutton 11 TiI
thought that there Ins been such it
chance In conditions since the enact
meat of the Dltigloy net drafted on n
similarly protective principle that the
measure of the tariff ubovo stated will
permit the reduction of rates In certain
schedules and will require the ad
vancement of few If any
Tho proposal to revise the tariff
made In such an authoritative way as
to lead the business community to
count upon It necessarily halts all
those brunches of business directly
affected and as these are most Im
portant It disturbs the whole business
of the country It Islmporqtlvoly nec
essary therefore that n tariff bill bo
drawn In good faith In accordance
with promises mode before the elec
limn by the party In power and M
promptly passed ns due consideration
will permit
permitInheritance
Inheritance Tax Advocated
In the making of n tariff bill the
prime motive Is taxation anti the se
curing thereby of a revenue Due
largely to the business depression
which followed the financial panic of
1001 the revenue from customs awe
other sources has decreased to such
on extent that the expenditures for
tine current fiscal year will exceed tho
receipts by 100000000 It Is Impera
live that such a deficit shall not con
tlnue and tho framers of tho tariff
bill must of course have In mind tri I
total revenues likely to bo produced by
It and so arrange the duties JIB to se
cure nn adequate Income Should It bo
Impossible to do so by Import duties
new kliula of taxation must bo adopt
ed nnd among these 1 recommend n
graduated Inheritance tax as correc
Ill principle and ns certain and easy ot
collection
collectionGovernment
Government Economy Urged
The obligation on the part of tbose
rgspoaalblp tor the expenditures made
fp carry on mho government to bo nr
economical as possible and to make
Ibo burden of taxation as light us pos
fbe Is plain nnd should be aUlrmed In
every declaration of puvcvnmput pol
icy This b especially true when we
aro face to face with n heavy deficit
But when the desire to win the popu
lar approval leads to the cutting off of
expenditures really needed to make
the government effective and to en
tube U to accomplish Its proper objects
the result Is ns much t9 JJv condemned
as the waste of government funds In
unnecessary expenditure
In the department of agriculture the
use of scientific experiments on a large
scale and the spread of information
Jsrtypd from them for tbe Improve
mont of general agriculture must go
an
anThe Importance of supervising bus
ness of great railways nnd Industrial
combinations and the necessary Inves
tigation and prosecution of unlawful
business methods are another neces
nary tax upon government which did
not pxlst half a century ago
Proper Forms of Expenditure
Tho putting Into force of laws which
shall secure the conservation of our
resources so far as they may be with
in the jurisdiction of tho federal gov
ernment Including the most Important
work of saving nnd restoring our for
ests and the great Improvement of wa
terways arc al proper government
functions which must Involve large
expenditure If properly performed
While some of them like the reclama
thou of arid lands ore made to pay
for themselves others are of such an
Indirect benefit that this cannot bo ex
pected of them A permanent Im
provement like the Panama canal
should be treated ns n distinct enter
prise and should be paid for T > y the
proceeds of bonds the Issue of which
will distribute Its cost between tbe
present and future generations In ac
cordance with the benefits derived It
may well bo submitted to tho serious
consideration of congress whether the
deepening and control of the channel
of a great river system like that of the
Ohio or of the Mississippi when deli
nine and practical plans for the enter
prlse have been approved and deter
mined upon should not be provided for
In the same way
Then too there ore expenditures of
government absolutely necessary If our
country Is to maintain Its proper place
among the nations of the world and Is
to exercise Its proper Influence In de
fense of Its own trade Interests In the
maintenance of traditional American
policy against the colonization of Eu
r penn monarchies In this hemisphere
slid In the promotion of peace and in
ternational morality I refer to the
cost of maintaining a proper army a
proper navy and suitable fortifications
upon the mainland of the United
States and In its dependencies
The Army and Navy
We should have an array so organ
ized and no officered as to be capable
In time of emergency In cooperation
with the national militia and under
the provisions of a proper national
volunteer law rapidly to expand Into
n force sufficient to resist all probable
Invasion from abroad and to furnish a
respectable expeditionary force If nee
i essary In the maintenance of our tin
ditional American policy which bears
the name of President Monroe
Our fortifications arc yet in n state
ef only partial completeness and the
number of men to man them Is Insuffi
cleat In a few years however the
usual annual appropriations for our
coast defenses both on the mainland
and in the dependencies will make
them sufficient to resist all direct at
tack and by that time we may hope
that the men to man them will bo pro
vided us a necessary adjunct The
distance of our shores from Europe
and Asia of course reduces the ne
cessity for maintaining underarms a
great army but It does not take away
the requirement of mere prudence
that we should have an army suffi
ciently large and so constituted as to
form a nucleus out of which a suitable
force can quickly grow
What has been said of the army
may bo affirmed In even a more em
phatic wayHof the navy A modern
navy cannot be Improvised It must
be built and In existence whciwjho
emergency arises which calls for Its
use and operation My distinguished
predecessor has In many speeches and
messages set out with great force and
striking language the necessity for
maintaining a strong navy commensu
rate with the coast line the govern
mental resources nnd tho foreign trade
f our nation arid I wish to reiterate
r
r
all the reasons vhfih tie lias presented I
In favor of the policy of maintaining
n strong navy as the best conservator I
of our peace with other nations nnd
the best means of securing respect for I
the assertion of cur rights the defense
of our Interests and the exercise of
our Influence In international mutters
Must Arm as Other Nations Do
Our International policy Is always tnI
promote peace We shall enter Into
any war with n full consciousness ofI
the uwful consequences that It always
entails whether successful or not nnd
we of course BlfilL make every effort
tonslstcnt with ilational honor nnd tho
highest national Interest to avoid n
resort to arms We favor every Instru
mentality like t at of The Hague trl
buiml and nrbl atlotr treaties made
with n view to la use In all Interna
tional controven sln order to main
tain pence anti t tuy < Id war Hut we
should bo blind ft existing conditions
and should alto Ourselves to become
foolish Idealist A we did not realize
that with all tI < A tunas of the world
armed uu1 Ilrcp for war wo must
be ourselves In similar condition In
order to proven other nations from
taking advantage if us and of our In
ability to defend ur Interests and as
sort our rights Flth a strong hand
II the lutPrnatlu II controversies that
are likely to nrls In tho orient grow
ing out of tin question of the
011111 door and other ISdUU thin
United States ca maintain her inter
ests Intact und c n secure respect for
her Just demam i Hhe will not be
able to do no ho ocr It It Is under
stood that she npver Intends to back
up her assertion of right and her de
tense of her Interest by anything but
mere verbal pnAcst and diplomatic
uplp Fop help rents tim expenses
of the nruiy and navy and of coast de
fenses Biiould always be considered as
something which the government must
Pfiy for III tfoPy nhouHl not bo cut off
through mere consideration pf econ
only Our government is able to af
ford a suitable army and a suitable
tWY It tiny maintain them without
tho slightest hanger to the republic or
tho cause of tree Institutions and fear
of additional taxation ought not to
change a proper policy In this regard
Protection For Our Citizens Abroad
The policy of the Untied States In
the Spanish war and since has given
It a potion pf nnueucp among the
nations that It Mover had before and
ihould be constantly exerted to recur
ing to Its bonn Ode citizens whether
native or naturalized respect for them
as such In foreign countries We
should make every tffort to prevent
humiliating and degrading prohibition
against any of our cltuons wishing
temporarily to sojourn In foreign coun
tries because of race or religion
The Japanese Question
Tho admission of Aalatfc Immigrants
who cannot be amalgamated with our
population has bean niadp tho subject
cither pf prohibitory clauses In our
treaties and statutes or of strict nd
mlnlstrntlve regulation secured by dip
lomatic negotiations I ntncerely hope
that wo may continue to minimize the
evils likely to arise from such Immi
gration without unnecessary friction
and by mutual concessions between
self respecting governments Mean
time we unlit take every precaution to
prevent or falling that to punish out
bursts of racofeHIng among our lied
lie against foreigners of whatever na
tionality who have by our grant n
treaty rljjht to pursue lawful business
here and to be protected against law
less assault or Injury
This lends me to point out a serious
defect In tile present federal Jurisdic
lion which ought to bo remedied nt
once Having assured to other coun
tries by treaty the protection of our
laws for such of their subjects or citi
zens ns we permit to come within our
lurlsdlctlon we now leave to a state
or a city not under the control of the
federal government the duty of per
forming our International obligation
In this respect By proper legislation
wo may and ought to place In tho
hands of the federal executive tho
means of enforcing the treaty rights of
such aliens In the courts of the federal
government It puts our government
In n pusillanimous position to make
definite engagements to protect aliens
and then to excuse tho failure to per
form thoso engagements by nn expla
nation that tho duly to keep them Is In
states or cities not within our control
If we would promise wo must put
ourselves In a position to perform our
promise We cannot permit the possi
ble failure of justice due to local preju
dice in any state or municipal govern
nent to expose us to the risk of a war
n hleh might be avoided It federal
Jurisdiction was asserted by dutiable
legislation by congress antI carried out
by proper proceedings Instituted by
the executive In the courts of the na
tlonal government
Monetary Laws Need Change
Ono of the reforms to bo carried out
during the Incoming administration Is
a change of our monetary and banking
laws so as to secure greater elasticity
In the forms of currency available for
trade und to prevent the limitations of
law from operating to Increase the em
barrassments of a financial panic The
monetary commission lately appointed
Is giving full consideration to existing
conditions and to nil proposed reme
dies and will doubtless suggest one that
Will meet the requirements of business
inn of public Interest We may hope
that the report will embody neither tho
narrow view of thosq who believe that
the solo pnrposo of tho new system
should be to secure n large return on
banking capital t r of those who would
han greater e nnslon of currency
I with little regllrl to provisions for Its
immediate redemption or ultimate se
unity There Is no subject of econom
ic discussion so Intricate and so likely
to evoke differing views und dogmatic
statements as this one The commis
don in studying tine general Influence
of currency on business nnd of bust
I ness on currency have wisely extend
ed their Investigations In European
banking and monetary methods The
Information that they have derived
from such experts as they have found
abroad will undoubtedly be found
helpful In the solution of the difficult
problem they have In hand
Favors Postal Savings Bank
The Incoming congress should
promptly fulfill the promise of the Re
publican pldtfonq and pass n proper
postal savings bank bill It will not
Us uaylas oc escosslyjis j > alernalJaui
W
the profnfsit lo repay Dy Ifie govern
merit will furnish nn Inducement to
savings deposits which private enter
prise cannot supply and at such a low
rate of Interest as not to withdraw
custom from existing banks It will
substantially Increase tho funds avail
able for Investment ns capital In use
ful enterprises It will furnish the
absolute security which makes tho
proposed scheme of government guar
anty of deposits so alluring without
Its pernicious results
I Ship Subsidies Advocated
I sincerely hope that line Incoming
congress will be alive ns It should be <
to the Importance of our foreign trade 1
I
and of encouraging It In every way
feasible Tho possibility of Increasing
this trade In the orient in the Philip
pines and In South America Is known
to every one who has given line matter
attention The direct effect of free
trade between this country nnd the
Philippines will be marked upon our
sale of cottons agricultural machinery
and other manufactures Tire necessi
ty of the establishment of direct linen
of steamers between North and South
America has been brought to Ibo at
tention of congress by my predecessor
nnd by Mr Root before and after his
noteworthy visit to that continent and
I sincerely hope that congress may be
Induced to sec the wisdom of a tenta
tive effort to establish such lines by
the UFO of mall subsidies
The Importance which the depart
ment of agriculture and of commerce
and tabor may play In ridding the
markets of Europe of prohibitions uml
discriminations against the Importa
tion of our products Is fully uniler
Btocd and It Is hoped that tine use of
tho maximum mid minimum feature
of our tariff law to be soon passed will
be effective to remove ninny of those
restrictions
teck Canal plan Defended
The Panama canal will have a most
lniportant bearing upon tho tniUo 111
tween lip eastern and thp far west
pro Kevtlons of our country and will
greatly lucrvaso t4e facilities far
transportation between the eastern
nnd the western seaboard and may
possibly revolutionize the Jjnnscontl
mental rates with respect io bulky mer
chandise It will also have n moat
ben tlclal effect to Increase the trade
between the eastern lIe Olm of th1
Vlllted Ptqtttt and the western coast
of South America mind indeed with
some of the Important ports of the
cast coast of South America reached
by rail from the west coast The
work on the canal Is making most e 1
Ufactory progress Tjp type of the
pnnal nx it lock canal was fixed by
congress after a full consideration of
the conflicting reports of the majority
and minority of the consulting board
and nfler the recommendation of tlu
war department and the executive
upon those reports Recent suggestion
hint something had occurred on the
Hthrnus to make the lock type of thp
canal less feasible than It Willi sup
posed to be When the reports were
made and tho policy determined on
led to a visit to the Isthmus of a
board of competent engineers to exam
ine the Gntun dam and locks which
are the key of the lock typ c The re
port of that board shows that nothing
inns occurred in tho nature of newly
revealed evidence which should change
Ihci4awa once formed In the original
discussion The construction will go
an under a most effective organization
pPlitrollcd by Colonel Hocthnls and bin
fellow army engineers associated with
him and will certainly be completed
eiwlyln the next ndmlnUtrntlon If not
1 tore
Some tIC of canal must bo con
itructcd The lock type ban been se
heeled We are all In favor of having
It built as promptly 1111 possible We
must not now therefore keep up n fire
In tho rear of the agents whom we
Imvp authorized to do our work on
the Isthmus We must hold up their
hands and speaking for the Incoming
Ulmlnlstrntlou I wish to nay that 1
propone to devote all the energy pOSH I
Dlo and under my control to the push
ins of this work on the plans which
bale been adopted and to stand behind
the men who are doing faithful bard
Work to bring about the curly comple
thou of tills the greatest constructive
enterprise of modern times
Tree Trade With Philippines
Time governments of our detcnden
vies In Porto Itlco and the Philippines
are progressing as favorably m could
be desired The prosperity of Iorto
Itleo continues unabated The busi
ness conditions In the Philippines lire
not all that we could wish them to be
but with the passage of the new tariff
tarllrI
United States anti the archipelago
with such limitations In sugar und
t tobacco as shall prevent Injury to the
domestic Interests on those products
I we can count on nn Improvement In
business conditions In tho Philippines
ninth the development of a mutually
profitable trade between this country
countryInlld
ernment In each dependency Is uphold
I
ing the traditions of civil liberty and
Increasing popular control which might
j bo expected under American ausplces
The work which wo are doling there
redounds to our credit as a nnllon
Words of Friendship For the South
I look forward with hope to Increas
ing the already gocd feeling between
the south and the other sections of the
country My chief purpose Is not to
effect n change In the electoral vote of
the southern states That Is a second I
ary consideration What I look for
ward to Is an Increase In the tolerance
Of political views of all kinds nnd
their advocacy throughout the south
and the existence of a respectable po
litical opposition In every stateeven
more than than this to an Increased
feeling on tho part of nil tho people In
tho south that this government Is their
government and that Its officers in
their states arc their officerllI
The Negro Question
The consideration of this question
cannot however bo complete and full
without reference to the negro race
Its progress and Its present condition
Tho thirteenth amendment secured
them freedom tho fourteenth amend
ment due process of law protection
of property nnd the pursuit of happi
ness and the fifteenth amendment at
tempted to secure tho negro against
any deprivation of the privilege to
vote because bo was a negro Tho
thirteenth and ° fourteenth amend
meals have been tenrllU1nfolf
I
I
and have secured fire object for whlrh
they were intended While tho fit
teenth amendment has not been genet
ally observed In the past It ought to
bo observed and the tendency of
southern legislation today Is toward
the enactment of electoral qualifica
lions which shall square with that
amendment L I
No Repeal of Fifteenth Amendment t
Of course the mere adoption of a
constitutional law is only ono step nI
the right direction It must be fairly
and justly enforced as well In time j
both will come hence it la clear h
all that the domination of an Ignorant
Irresponsible clement can bo prevent
ed by constitutional laws which shell
exclude from voting both negroes and
whites not having education or other
liiitlllcatlous thought to be necessary
for u proper electorate Tine ilalfgur
of the control of nn Ignorant electorate
ma therefore passed With this change
the Interest which ninny ot the south
ern while citizens take In the welfare
of the negroes has Increased The cof
ored men must base their hope on ling
results of their own Industry self re
straint thrift and business success as
well as upon the aid and comfort and
sympathy which they may receive
from their white neighbors of tho
south There was n time when north
crnera who sympathized with the uel
JIO In his necessary struggle for bet
ter conditions sought to give to htm I
tltu suffrage ns a protection and to on
fence Its exercise against tbe prevail
ing sentiment of the south The move
went proved In ho a failure What ro
nuu U Iho fifteenth amendment to
lint constitution ninth the right to have
tatutes of states specifying qualifica
lions for electors subjected to the test
of compliance vlth that amendment
ILs U n great protection to the negro
It never will bo repealed and It never
ought to l > e repealed If It had not
been passed It might bo difficult now
to adopt It but with It In our fundn
mental law Ibo policy of southern leg
hlIIt10U must and will tend to obey It
apl go long ns tho statutes of the
states meet the test of thin amend
ment and aro not othcrwls In con
flUt with tho constitution and laws of
the United States It Is not the 1111110111
tlnn or within thp 1 ravlura of the fed
oral government to Interfere with the
regulation by outhern slates of their
domestic affairs
Nero Is Now American
There U In tho south u stronger frrl
lunL luau ever among the Intelligent
well to do and Influential element In
favor of line Industrial education of
the negro nUll the encouragement of
tho race to make themselves useful
member of tho community The
intgrcM which the negro hag mode In
the last fifty yearn from slavery when
its statistics are reviewed Is mnrvcl
our and It furnishes every roA on to
hope that In the next twentyflvo years
n Ktlll greater Improvement In bin con
dlllPn us M productive member of so
ciety on tine farm and In the shop and
III other occupations may come The
negroes nre now Americana Their
ancestors came here years ago ngnliwt
their will and thlll Is their only coun
try anal their only flag They have
shorn themselves anxious to lire for
It nnd to die for It Encountering tho
rare feeling against them subjected
nt times to cruel Injustice growing oat
of It they may well havo our profound
tympathy anal aid lu the struggle they
are making We are charged with the
stirred duty of making their path ns
smooth nnd way MS w It can Any
recognition of their distinguished men
any appointment to oflico from among
their number la properly taken as an
encouragement and an appreciation of
heir progress nnd this just policy
shall be pursued
The Appointment of Negroes I
lint It may well admit of doubt
whether In case of any race an ap
pointment of one of their number to
n local office lu n community In which
tho race feeling Is so widespread and
acute ns to Interfere with the case and
facility with which tho local govern
ment business can bo done by the np
potntcc Is of sufficient bcncilt by way
of encouragement to the race to out
weigh the recurrence and Increase of
race feeling which such an appoint
ment Is likely to engender Therefore
the pxcutlvo In recognizing the negro
race by npHlntmcnts must exercise a
careful discretion not thereby to do It
more harm than good On tho other
hand we must bo careful not to on
courage tho mere pretense of nice feel
ing manufactured In tho Interest of In
dlvldual political ambition
No Race Feeling In Whlto House
Personally I have not the slightest
race prejudice or feeling and recogni
lion of Its existence only awoken In
lily heart n deeper sympathy for those
who have to bear It or suffer from It
nail I question tho wisdom of u policy
which Is likely to Increase IL Moan
time If nothing U done to prevent n
better feeling between the negroes and
the whltOH In the south will continuo
to grow mind more and more of tho
white pooplo will come to realize that
mho future of tho south Is to be much
benefited by tilt Industrial and Intel
lectual progress of tho negro The ex
ercise or political franchises by those
of his race who sure intelligent and
well to do will be acquiesced In nnd
the right to vote will be withheld only
from the Ignorant and Irresponsible of
both races
racesThe
The Labor Question
Thero la ono other matter to which I
shall refer It was made the subject
of great controversy during mho dice
Ion and calls for nt least n passing
reference now My distinguished pred
ecessor has given much attention to
tho cause of labor with whoso strug
glc for butter timings ho has shown tho
sIncerest sympathy At his Instance
congress has passed the bill fixing the
liability of Interstate carriers to their
employees for Injury sustained In tho
j course of employment nbollshlng the
rule of fellow servant nnd thotlmmon
law rule ns to contributory negligence
and substituting therefor the so called
rule of comparative negligence It has
also passed a law fixing tho compen
satlon of government employees for
injuries sustained In tho employ of tho
government through tho negligence of
the superior I It also passed a model
child labor law for tho District of Co
lumbia In previous administrations
nn arbitration law for Intcrstat com
merco railroads and their employees
und laws for the application of safety
doIItR to move Ullll1 l anal limbs ot
I
r
j
t
employees of Interstate railroads hnl1I
been passed Additional legislation nf I
fcougrcRI
congress
congressI to say that In so tar an I cnii I
I hope to promote thin enactment of
further legislation of this character
II nm strongly convinced that time gov
ornment should make Itself as respon
sible to employees Injured In Its em
Islblo as an Interstate railway corpora
lieu Is mndo responsible by federal
law to its employees nnd I shall bo
glad whenever any additional reasona
ble safety device can be Invented to
reduce the loss of llfo and limb among
railway employees to urge congress
to require Its adoption by Interstate
railwayst f
Use of Injunctions Necessary
Another labor question hare arisen
which has uwakencd tluvriost excited
discussion That U In respect to the
power of the federal courts to Issue i
Injunctions In Industrial disputes As
to that my convictions tire fixed Take
away from courts If It could be taken
nwily the laver to Issue Injunction
In labor disputes nud It would create
a privileged class among the laborers
nUll save tho lawless among their aunt
for from n most needful remedy avail
able to all men for the protection of
their business against lawless Invasion
The proposition that business Is not a
property or pecuniary right which can
bo protected by equitable Injunction Ix
utterly without foundation In pace
dent or reason Tire proposition Is
4
usually linked with ono to make the
secondary boycott lawful Such n
irtipiisltloii Is nt variance with the
American Instinct and will find no
tupport In my Judgment when submit
ted to tho American iwopl Tho see
omlnry boycott ID an Instrument of
tyranny annul ought not to be made
legitimate
Tho Unulng of n temporary restrain
tug order without notice has In several
Initnncca been abused by Its Incon
siderate exercise find to remedy thus
tho platform upon which I was elect
ed recommends tho formulation In n
statute of tho conditions under which
such a tfinjKirary restraining order
ought to Issue A statute can nml
ought to be framed to embody the best
modern practice riul can bring the nub
jest i o closely to the uttcntlou of the tf
tfcourt
court nR to make nlmsea of tho process
unlikely In tine fit tun American pto
pic Ir t witlerstand them Insist that
the authority of the courts shall bo
sustained ard are opposed to any
Imngo In the procedure by which thoJ
puwrrs of n court may IMJ weakened
nnd tho tenrlcnsr suit effective odmtni
litrnllon of Justlro Iw Interfered with
Having thus reviewed the question
likely to recur during my mlmtnlstm
lion nnd having expressed In a aunt <
ninny way the position which 1 expect
to take In recommendation to con
mess and In my conduct nn an execu
tire I Invoke he connldernto ayn1
mthy and support of my fellow cttlj
erj mid the aid of Almighty nod In
Iho discharge of tuy responsible duties
Whats that piece cf cord tied round
your finger fort
My wlfo put It there to remind mo
to post A letter
mud did you post tho letter she
gave your
No she forgot to give It to me
London Mall
Eggs for Hatching
Prom pure bred Single Comb
Brown Leghorn and Hose Comb
til 1 I l 1 ri 1 r
Rhode Island lied Chicken Guar
nntvcd toc fresh and fertile
Call on or write Minerva L Iln
gins Jackson Ky
e
MASS CONVENTION
May 1 to Nominate Can
didates for the County
Offices
The Itrpublicnns of Drcnlhitt t
county are hereby called to meet
in muss convention at the court
house in the town of Jackson on
Saturday May 1 1 DOD at one
oclock p in for the purpose of
nominating candidate for tho ar
rious county offices of Breathitt
county to be voted for nt the No
vember election 1909 towlt
County Judge County Attor
nay Sheriff Jailer Circuit Court
Clerk County Court Clerk Super
intendent of Common Schools
Assessor Coroner nnd County
CountySnrveor
All known Republicans and all
persons who nfliliatcd and voted
the Republican ticket at the regu i
lar November election 1908 and
all persons who will aflilialo with
said party at said election arc en
titled to vote in said convention
I3y order of the committee this
February 15 1909
J It MoLiN Chairman
W S loan Secretary
Engines Boilers and Sawmill
outfits of highest quality on rear
sonable terms nnd at a living price
can bo had of Tho Husscll Co of
Louisville Ky Write for Cata
logue nor call on II P Stev
ens Jackson Ky
Dr C L Peyton Dentist
Jackson Ky
Has given relief to many hun
dreds of people and convinced
them his methods arc not only sat
isfactory but reasonable in price
pricri1
My experience enables me to put s
up n very high class of work >
Eight years experience enables
mo to strictly guarantee my work J
One price to allj
Best Gold Crowns41O0 j
Best Set Teeth800 fu
Fillings Oc and 75c 1
Cleaning 75c
Extracting 25c <
Oflico entrance Pattons Hall 7
on Broadway between FJuuILecsv > >
store and Reliance Ding Co
r eezTi
0
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