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HEWS OP THE WEEK
Condensed and 3?ut Into Read
The National Garfield Monument Association-
have issued a circular urging
Ohipians, to prepare as large an. exhibit as
possible 'for the bazar to be held in "Washington
Mrs. Garfield, last week, bought her a
residence in Cleveland, Ohio, paying
The wheat crop report of the Department
of Agriculture this month eays : The
result) of the spring wheat harvest is in
closeaccordance with the indications ol
the August report. The quality is good
fmd the yield above the average. The general
condition of winter and spring wheat
when .harvested is represented by 100. The
average is rarely attained. Since the
harvest, in parts of the winter wheat
region, especially Michigan and Indiana,
some millions of bushels have been lost by
sprouting in the stack. There has also
been some loss of spring wheat from the
same cause in Wisconsin and other -States.
The Ohio Valley has. nearly as large a
product as in 1879. Ohio, Indiana and
Illinois have apparently secured about
142,000,000 bushels. The South has increased
both her acreage and the yield per
acre. The aggregate of winter wheat, as
indicated by the returns, is about 380,000,-00
off bushels, of spring wneat about 140,-000,000,
or 520,000,00 in all. The threshing
test may slightly modify these figures.
The first threshing generally
exceeded expectations, but the latter
threshing has in many places been disappointing.
It is quite certain that the per
capita supply of wheat will not be quite so
large as in 1879 or 1880. The average condition
of potatoes in August was 101, but
it has fallen in September to 92. Last
year the decline during August was from
92 to 70, and it continued in a greater ratio
till harvest. The prospect now is favorable
for a crop of not less than 150,000,-000
bushels, from the present outlook. The
decline has been heaviest in New England
and New York. Prospects are improved
in Maryland and Virginia, have been well
maintained in the Ohio Valley and the
lake region, and has not materially changed
west of the Mississippi. Only Wisconsin
and Kansas of the Western States fail
to show averages of 100 or higher. Maine
stands the lowest, at 65.
A Washington dispatch of the 13th inst.
states that Brady has gone to Canada and
Dorsey lias started west.
Greece wants the frontier, question settled
The New Hampshire Democrats have
nominated M. V. B. Edgerly for Governor.
Engineer Melville and the remaining
auryivors of the Jeannette expedition, have
arrived at New York.
B. H. Hill, Jun., son of the late Georgia
Senator, has declined to become his father'
ssuccessor in office.
Foreman Dickson seems to be afraid bodily
harm will be done him, and has therefore
written an open letter to Attorney
General Brewster demanding protection
from him. On the information of Dickson
warrants were ordered, on the 13th inst.,
for the arrest of Brewster Cameron and
Henry A. Bowen, charged with attempting
to bribe the jury to vote for the conviction
of Brady and Dorsey. On the
other hand, the Government charges that
attempts were made to bribe the jury by
Returns from 434 cities and towns in
Mae give the aggregate of this year's
vote as 133,173, of which Eobie has 70,648;
Plaisted, 60,811; Chase, 1,174; scattering,
654. Robie's plurality is 9,853, and his
majority over all, 8,110. The same towns
last year gave an aggregate of 142,179.
Davis had 71,579; Plaisted. 70,042, and
scattering, 558. Davis' plurality was 1,-637.
The towns to be heard from gave in
1880, Davis, 1,965; Plaisted, 3,671; scattering,
Major Ben. Butterworh has been
in. the First Congressional District
of Ohio, and Amor Smith, jun., in
the .Second. , -
The amount paid for pensions during
the year, including the cost of disbursement,
is $54,297,280. The total number of
pensions in the roll is 285,687, a gain Wer
the -previous year of 16,187. The total
amount paid by the Government for pensions
from 1791 to 1861 was $81,480,455.
The total amount paid from 1861 to June
SO, 1882, was $560,641,324. Out of this
amount, and since 1871, $25,234,232 'has
been paid to the survivors of the war of
1812, "and to the widows of those who
served during that war. Deducting this
latter amount, and estimating that. which
may have been paid to pensioners on account
of wars prior to 1861-'65, about
$530,000,000 have been dishursed on ac
count of pensions.
Aj terrible tragedy was enacted on the
14th inst, at Sweetwater, Tennessee, forty
miles west of Knoxville, in which two men
were killed. Sheriff W. T. Cate and Deputy
Sheriff John Conway, of Chattanooga,
Hamilton Count', had in custody three
prisoners, taking them to Knoxville to the
Supreme .Court. Two prisoners, John
Taylor and Sam Carter, under sentence for
murder, were chained together; the other
prisoner, a negro, was chained to a seat.
When the train stopped at Sweetwater
three men entered the car.- One was a
brother of the prisoner Taylor, and entered
the car from the rear, while the other
two-entered the front. Taylor's brother
approached Deputy Conway from behind,
placed a pistol to the back of
his head, and blew his brains out. He
then took the keys from Conway's pocket
and unlocked the prisoners Taylor and
the':latter securing the Deputy's pistol.
At this instant Sheriff Cate rushed at the
men, firing at them and the prisoner. As
lie fired the prisoner, Taylor, shot him
through the bowels, and the other two
shot him through the breast, the Sheriff
falling dead. The prisoner, Taylor, was
slightly wounded in the arm, and Carter
slightly wounded in the les. The three
rescues were not hurt. Taylor and the
others jumped on the engine and
the engineer to pull out with a pis
tol at his head, They then made
him put on more steam, and
forced him to run .twenty miles
to Lena, through three towns, without
stopping. At Lena the four men jumped
from the engine and secured horses, which
were waiting for them, and all escaped.
The prisoner Carter and the negro went to
Knoxville without a guard, and surrendered
to the Sheriff of Knox County. Conway's
dead body was taken to Knoxville.
Cafe's dead body was left at Sweetwater,
being thrown from the car-platform by the
rescuers. Thcfang boarded- the train at
Sweetwater, but the killing was done at
Philadelphia, a station eight miles east of
Sweetwater. The Sheriff of London
County at once started in pursuit of the
gang. They made for the mountains
of North Carolina. It is stated that a reward
of $5,000 has been offered for their
capture, which will be swellled to 810,000.
A telegram from Concord, N. H., September
14 says: "A dispatch was received
at Weirs early this evening stating that the
yacht Nellie, a half hour out from Wolf-borough,
capsized, and fourteen persons
Upon the advice of his physician, Bismarck
is taking a vacation from public
Panama is certainly an unpleasant place
to live. Another earthquake there on the
9th inst. served to create a panic among
the people. A dispatch says: "For the
past two nights half the population of Panama
slept in or walked about the square.
Many families camp on the plains. Few
dare to sleep in high buildings or narrow
streets. Much sickness from fright and
exposure is expected. Traffic on the Panama
Railroad is suspended, as the bridges
are out of line." Interior towns are reported
badly damaged. The long dormant
volcanoes of Chiriqui are reported to be in
Famine from drouth is threatened in
portions of China.
The difficulty in regard to the final
signing of the draft of the Anglo-Turkish
Military Convention, a Constantinople
dispatch. of the 9th says, hangs upon the
question whether the Turkish troops, having
arrived at Port Said, will be allowed to
disembark, or be required to await instructions
from Gen. Wolseley. The Porte
claims it has proved its sincerity by proclaiming
Arabi Pasha a rebel, and that it
is justified in expecting an immediate
signing of the convention. The delay in
the conclusion of the Anglo-Turkish
Convention has created a feeling of
irritation against England. The Turks
accuse the British of deliberately prolonging
the negotiations on that subject.
An Athens dispatch says it is believed
the Turkish Government is purposely preparing
a collision with Greece to divert
Turkish public opinion from Egypt.
One of the buttresses of St. Patrick's
Cathedral, London, fell, killing four women.
They were completely decapitated.
THE EGYJPMAN WAR.
Kaesassin, September 9. Firing commenced
on both sides at 7 o'clock this
iqrning, and continued with great precision
until 9 o'clock, when the enemy retired.
The British loss is roughly estimated
at 100 killed and wounded. Many shells
fell in the British camp before the enemy
were repulsed. Wolseley is on his way to
the front. Troops are marching from Tel-el-Mahuta
to Kassassin. Twenty of the
enemy's dead were counted nearone spot.
Numbers of Egyptians are lying about
fearfully wounded. Our wounded includes-ten
marines, whose wounds are serious.
The Thirteenth Bengal Lancers
commenced the engagement and killed ten
of the enemy. Tile Lancers held the
round gallantly until the force arrived,
f ad the Highland Brigade come up and
supported them we could ere now have
captured The enemy's force
in the engagement numbered "thirteen
thousand men, with twelve guns. Five guns
and many prisoners were captured. The
British, during the day, advanced within
range of General Wolseley
is at the front.
Kassassin, September 10. Saturday's
repulse of Arabi Pasha is regarded as a
complete success for the English. Arabi
left two hundred dead and wounded on
the field. The wounded state that the
English right was attacked by five battalions
of infantry, with five guns and five
hundred cavalry, under command of
Pasha, who came from Salihiyeh.
The enemy had altogether fifteen thousand
men. British loss, eighty killed and
Kassassin, September 11. Prisoners report
that the object of Saturday's operations
was the capture of Kassassin, which it was
believed would be weakly defended. The
Egyptians lost over 100 killed. t The number
wounded is unknown. The British
loss is four killed and sixty wounded. The
bulk of the English forces have arrived,
the camp having the appearance of a tent
city three miles long by one-half a mile
Alexandria, September 11. The
have presented to the British army
in Egypt twelve tons of tobacco and 5,000
which the Khedive allowed to enter
Ismailia, September 11. We have not
yet advanced beyond the ridge two miles
north of Kassassin, but the. outposts have
been doubled and are supported by the infantry.
Constantinople, September 11. It is
said that Granville, British Foreign Secretary,
declines to accept the proposal of the
Porte to land Turkish troops at Port Said.
It is untrue that Lord Dufierin is finding
fault with the proclamation against Arabi
Pasha and with the military convention,
after having obtained the benefit of the
former documents. Lord Dufferin has informed
the other Embassadors of the facts
in the case.
Kassassin, September 12. The British
soldiers showed great humanity to the
wounded Egyptian. Many gave away
their water bottle, which, under such a
sun, were a prime necessity for their own
use. The prisoners all expected instant
death. All the forces have now arrived.
General Wolseley made a personal reconnaissance
this morning. He was accompanied
by the Duke of Connaughtand Generals
Lowe, Willis and Wilkinson. He returned
after gaining a clear idea of the enemy's
position. This is the last reconnaissance
before the battle. General orders are issued
for a forward movement of the whole
army. Tents and baggage will be transported
by railroad to the nearest point
from the British encampment. No. bugles
are sounded after sunset. The British
tents will be struck at 6:15 p. m., and .the
men formed into brigades and marched to
the place of bivouac. Each man will
carry 100 rounds of ammunition.
10:50 p. m. The British army is now
bivouacing at a point two miles
here along the line facing Arabi Pasha's
front. Our most advanced line is about
four miles from the Egyptian fronts The
onward march was to begin shortly after
midnight, so that the force may reach
fighting distance at early dawn. Gen.
Wolseley will attempt to get around Arabi
Pasha aDd destroy the railway in his
rear communicating with Zagezig.
Kassassin, September 13 2 a. m. The
British are now marching on
and the attack will probably begin before
daylight. The British troops have three
days' rations. The transports are ordered
to follow the army along the north bank of
Advices from Egypt on the 13th inst.
state that General Wolseley, with about
thirteen thousand men, including two
thousand cavalrj', attacked and defeated
the Egyptian forces, numbering twenty
thousand regulars, under Arabi Pasha, at
An advance was made under
the cover of darkness, in the morning,
and the enemy's works were carried with a
3' ell after about twenty minutes' hard
fighting. About three thousand Egyptians
were captured, and 2,000 reported
killed, and Arabi Pasha escaped by hard
riding to Zagazig. The British loss is in
the -vicinity of two hundred. Several
officers were wounded, however. Among
them were Colonel Hutchinson, Forty-sixth
Regiment; Captains Kephel aiid
Cumberland, and Lieutenants Midwood
and Gordon Cary, Seventy-fourth Highlanders.
The Highland Brigade, in its
picturesque costume, and the Royal Irish
Regiment, did themselves particular
honor during the engagement. The British
cavalry flanked the enemy's lines, and
closed in upon them, while the artillery
poured in shot and shell on their retreating
lines. Major General MacPherson
made a forced march after the capture of
and occupied Zagazig. He
seized five trains with their engines.
Zagazig, September 14. 9 p. m. The
English troops are now entering Cairo.
General Wolseley to-day in reply to a
depudation of Chiefs from
who asked that the country be spared the
humiliation of a further advance of the
British, said he would occupy Cairo tonight,
and that in a few hours he would
dispatch the first train there with troops.
This has since been done. The Sultan
General Wolseley offering congratulations
on the splendid victory and
requesting him,now that the neck of the rebellion
is hroken, to stop the march of his
army into the interior. General Wolseley
sent a telegram in reply, in which he referred
the Sultan to London for a response
to his request. All the enemy's magazines
are blown up, and all unavoidable stores
September 14. Our loss is
one hundred and fifty, including thirty
killed; eight officers are among the dead.
General Lowe is at Belbeis with cavalry.
A brigade of Highlanders marched toward
Zagazig, and are now in possession of the
railroad to Cairo. All of the Arab papers
were seized here. Hundreds of fugitives,
including many officers, are surrendering.
General Wolseley has gone to Zagazig.
Alexandria, September 14. Teulba
Pasha has sent a flag of truce, offering to
surrender. General Wood telegraphed
General Wolsely for instructions. A depu
tation from Cairo is at waiting
to come in. It is reported Arabi Pasha
has been captured near Benba. Negoti
ations for surrender are proceeding satis
factorily. The British will probably occupy
to-morrow. It is stated that
the surrender will be for good. Butras
Pasha arrived at en route to
Alexandria, as a delegate of the inhabitants
of Cairo, charged to declare their loyalty
to the Khedive. The conditions of surrender
are not yet known. The general
opinion here is that the natives will deliver
Arabi Pasha up to the British.
Alexandria, September. 14 5 p. m.
Arabi Pasha and Toulba Pasha arrived at
Cairo last night. They are both virtually
Alexandria, September 14 10 p. m.
Butros Bey, Raouf Pasha and All Pasha
Roobi arrived to-day, and proceeded to the
Palace, where they presented the Khedive,
on the part of the inhabitants of Cario, an
aaaress meaging joyaity ana submission.
Butros Bey told the -Khedive that the
rebel force at at the time of
the British attack consisted of 30,000 regulars,
7,000 Bedouins and 3,000 volunteers.
The first news of Wednesday's battle that
reached Cairo reported a great Egyptian
victory, and when subsequently it was announced
that Arahi Pasha was on his way
to Cairo, it was rumored that he bore with
him Admiral Seymour's head. The people
of Cairo had never heard of Wolseley,
and imagined Admiral Seymour com
manded the British forces. When Arabi
Pasha arrived alone the populace stoned
him. Everything was quiet at Cairo when
the delegates left there. Mahmond Pasha
Sanii was last heard of at Salihiyeh.
The British routed the American team
Four, persons were killed by a tornado
in Winsted, Mass., on the 14th.
The family of J. W. Putt, at Canal
Dover, were poisoned by eating sardines.
Surgeon General Wales, of the navy,
and Surgeon Billings, of the army, will go
to Hot Springs, Arkansas, the latter part
of this month, to select a site for the
Army and Navy Hospital, for which Congress
appropriated $100,000 last session.
Alexandria, September 15. News of
the capture of Arabi Pasha was received
by the Arabs here with what was. apparently,
the wildest enthusiasm. Mahmoud
Baroudi and Suleimar Sami, who commanded
the battalion which took a leading
part in the burning of Alexandria, were
recalled from Salihiyeh by their friends,
and fled to Upper Egypt. Ali Fehmy and
Reshid Pasha were not captured at
but it was believed they have since
been arrested at Cairo. The enemy's troops
from Mehattel, Aboukir and
will parade at the front here, those from
Mehattel, Sunday, when they will surrender
their arms, be stripped of their
military dress and disbanded in the
presence of all troops of General Wood.
After the engagement at
Arabi Pasha fled to Cario, and told the
Council that his troops had deserted him;
upon which a mission was sent to the
Khedive with two letters from Arabi
Pasha, one expressing his devotion, and
the other warning him not to
allow the English to enter Cairo,
as the same results might follow as happened
at Alexandria. The Khedive refused
to receive the letters. Arabi Pasha
was taken before the Khedive to-day. He
presented a loathsome picture of
servility. He swore lie had not been
aware that he was fighting against the
Khedive. The Khedive remained standing
while Arabi Pasha was in his presence.
When Arabi had concluded, the Khedive
! "Cairo. September 15. Arabi Pasha and
I Toulba Pasha are both confined in our
guard-rooms. 1 will now change my base
irom Ismailia to Alexandria.
The War Office has received the following
dispatch from General Wolseley:
"Beniia, September 15. General Lowe
has occupied Cairo. Arabi Pasha and
Toulba Pasha have surrendered unconditionally.
Ten thousand troops at Cairo
have laid down their arms. Wolseley."
London, September 15. General Wolseley
has arrived at Cairo, whence he sent
"Cairo, September 15. The war is over.
Send no more men from England.
shipnian DeChair is safe. I have been re-
t -" . - .
ceiveel here with open arms by all classes.
The soldiers are glad to return to their
homes. Our cavalry did extremely well
in the long forced march yesterday.
The compromise offered by the striking
puddlers has been rejected by the iron
masters at Pittsburg,
THE STAR-ROUTE CASES.
Judge Wylle's Charge to tht Wnry.
Washington, September 8.
In the Criminal Court this morning Judge
Wylie, after explanatory remarks to the jury,
began his charge. He said that by the act of
March 3, 1879, Congress appropriated 5,000,000
for the maintenance of the Star-route service.
That appropriation was for the fiscal year of
1SS0. The appropriation was all asked by the
Department. The records of the Treasury and
Post-office Departments showed that for the
three previous years there was an unexpended
balance of nearly $4,000,003 to the credit of
the Post-office Department. There was in evidence
a statement showing that the Postmaster-General,
on Decembers, 1S7J, had asked
for the appropriation of $2,000,000 to meet the
deficiencies in tho appropriation for the
Star-route service. This was a statement
calculated to arrest tho attention of
Congress, for it showed that in fivo months
after the beginning of the fiscal year there was
a deficiency of $2,000,000. This was a fact to
alarm the country. An investigation followed,
and an additional appropriation was made,
with provisions limiting the expedition and increase
of service upon routes. That was as
far as the act of Congress ought to have gone.
The other circumstances were fit subjects for
judicial investigation. This investigation followed,
and an indictment was found against
these alleged conspiratorsk This indictment
might be said to have live features: First,
historical; second, describing the conspiracy;
third, the means; fourth, overt acts; and, fifth,
the partition of the money, i'he historical part
was well known. As to the means used to
carry on the conspiracy, the jury need not
trouble themselves about that. "Whether or
not they were sufficiently described in the indictment
was not for them to consider. The
division of money depended upon the question
of the existence of conspiracy, and that
was really the only consideration for the jury
whether there was a conspiracy, followed by
the commission of overt acts. False papers
and petitions were the means used. It never
had been held that the Government was required
to accurately describe the means.
"Whether the parties were mutually interested
in the several contracts was of no consequence.
Their interest in the conspiracy must
be considered. The parties were, according
to the indictment, individual owners of contracts,
and mutually interested only in the
conspiracy. Any overc act under any one of
the contracts was an overt act under all of
Referring to the defendants' prayers, Judge
Wylie said that the conspirators were jointly
united for the same purpose, and several for
others. Each man stood on his own defense.
The jury could not convict one man of conspiracy,
but they could convict two of the defendants.
If there had been only one overt
act committed, and the jury acquitted the
party committing it, then the defendants must
all be acquitted. Brady had been called the
key, the to the whole conspiracy,
and if no overt acts were shown to be committed
by any other defendant, then they must all
be acquitted. The position taken by the defense
that all the defendants must be shown to
have been interested in all the contracts was
false. If it had been shown that they were
criminally interested in only one, that was sufficient,
and the conspiracy was established.
Surplusage in the indictmentwould not vitiate
it. This indictment charged but one offense,
one conspiracy. It could not comprise two
conspiracies. Part of defendants might be
wholly acquitted and part convicted, but if the
jury found two conspiracies three of the
parties guilty of one and thy remaining four
guilty of another then the indictment failed.
So much for the frame of the indictment.
Now as to the proof. A conspiracy is seldom
reduced to writing; it is generally entered
into in a very informal way. The parties
might reside indifferent parts of the country,
but if by any means, even by dumb show, they
entered into an agreement to defraud the Government,
followed by an overt act, that was
conspiracy. The law required a verdict of
guilty only when the jury entertained no reasonable
doubt of the guilt of the defendants.
The doubt, to be reasonable, must De based
upon evidence, not upon mcro conjecture. He
would now take up one of the routes and S2C
ll it could be connected with any rationcl
theory of innocence. If it could, the
were entitled tc the benefit of that theory.
He would select a small route the route from
Vermillion to Sioux Falls, J). T. The date of
the contract was March 13, 18T8, to run four
years; John W. Dorsey, the contractor; the
trips were once a week; the distance fifty
miles, to which two miles had been r.dJed:
the time was fourteen hours: there were
nine post-offices, but no towns, on the route.
Soon after the service was put on it Avns discovered
that the actual distance was about
seventy miles, and thac information had b"en
distinctly and repeatedly furnished to the
Assistant .Postmaster-General. On
3J 1878, the number of tr'ps were
doubled. On May 3, JS7P, tho route was practically
assigned by sub-contract to Yaile. On
July 10, 1879, the number of trips was increased
to six, and the time reduced to ten
hours, increasing the compensation to $fl,l a.
Deducting an hour for delays at
the carrier was required to travel the seventy
miles in nine hours. Petit'ons and K iV'is had
been sent in, andit.did not absolutely follow
that this expedition was lraudulent. 11 tie
jury could reconcile it with any theory of innocence
they must do it. A Congressman of
influence, Mr. Bennett, hal asked for It,
and that must be considered. Soon
every postmaster on the route united in
a protest to the department saying the
time was impracticable, and asked to have the
old fourteen-hour schedule restored, and Bennett
indorsed this protest, and it was sent to
Brady. Just at this point this member r.f
Congre3S seemed to have lost his inlluence,
for he was informed it could not be done.
After reading the law i elati ve to productiveness
Judgj Wylie iuquirid what the
had been in this Instance. Reading
frpin the i cjoni, he said that f r one year
it hud been $201 IK had called attention to
this route because it had been that
meinD.rs of Congress were ii r expedition.
Yet in this ease, when it had been
expedited at the request of a member o: C
its reduction had been relusjdioth.it
General Henkle interrupted at this point to
remind the court that French had made the
order in question, but Judge "Wylie sa.d positively
that French had made the order by
Here, he continued, was an increase made
when it was shown the revenues were actually
decreasing. If the jury could reconcile
that with a pioper exercise of discretion, let
them do it. It could not have been done
through ignorance. Manifestly, it was purposely
done. The thing to be decided was
whether it was done through mistaken exercise
of discretion, or purposely and through
wrong motives. The history of other routes
was to be considered.
Concerning the f alse papers, said he, it nad
been argued that if they resulted in good to
the public, then no criminal act had been done
in making orders upon them. This was
no correct view of the law. He had before
referred to the cas of Lord Bacon,
and wished now to read to the jury his
letter to another Lord while he was in prison.
Judge Wylie then read the letter, and
commented upon its fallacies. The proof of
conspiracy might be made out from proof
of consequences following the
said Judge "Wylie, taking up another
branch of the subject, and he read from an
English authority in support of his proposition,
reciting the circumstances ol the operations
of what are known as "the three-card
monte mn" in tlrs city. He said that the only
way in which their conspiracy could be made
out was by circumstances following the actual
There was one further topic he wished to refer
to. Among the prayers was on to tife
effect that if it appeared that genuine papers
appeared among the fraudulent paners filed in
connection with a route, then an order for expedition
or increase must be attributed to the
influence of tho genuine papers. Such a doctrine
could not be tolerated. The lad could
not be saved by good, and vice versa. Parties
committing frauds often found it to their advantage
to use some truth in their oprratioiw.
Lies were of so impish a nature thattheywarred
among themselves as well as being inconsistent
with the truth. Fraud was not alwavs falsehood,
for hd had seen f mud of a most abominable
character with aline of truth marshaled
at Its front. The more truth that could be
worked in the better the chance of success. Jf
you find a man employing both truth and
falsehood in the commission of fraud his of
fense is even more heinous. This was abou
all that he should say at this time.
He wished finally to remind the jury ot the
1 difference betwe n their position and his own.
If the relieved the charges against the a&
fendants was not made out without reasonable
doubt, then they should acquit them without
regard to any clamor or anv opinion of the
world. He should refuse to believe that any
juror was so base a coward as to refuse to follow
his conscience. On the other hand, their
duty to their country required them to bring
in a verdict of guilty if they so b dieved.
Yesterday's occurrences required a passing
remark. If this information was true, then
there were men engaged in " fixing the jury."
It wa3 natural that the jurors so approached
should feel indignant, but they must not lot
ibat interfere with their calm, dispassionate
judgment. Let them be so true to themselves
as to refuse to allow themselves to be influenced
by these considerations.
Colonel rose and asked the court if
it was within his pqAver to direct the jurors to
freely and fully communicate to one another
all of the information they possessed touching
these attempts at bribery.
Judge Wylie answered that he did not wish
that inquiry started in the jury-room. He
would further saj' that tho law forbade tho
jurors to cany into their room any of the
voluminous notes which he had perceived they
General Henkle desired immediate investigation
of the tacts connected with the attempted
bribing of the jurors, and punishment
of the guilty. Ho also noted a number
of exceptions to the charge of the court.
Judge Wylie interruptea the reading to pas3
upon a prayer which he said he had forgotten.
It relates to Vaile, and asserts that he cannot
be held responsible for acts done before he
came into the combination. So long as a man
profited by the conspiracy he was connected
with it. If Minr sold his interest in contracts
to Vaile. the latter, knowing the circumstances
surrounding them, was equally guilty.
This portion of the charge was also excepted
to by General Henkle, who called the attention
of the court to several of the prayers,
which, he said, had not been passed upon in
The court answered that he had passed upon
them in a general way. Itef erring to one of
the prayers, he said he did not believe in the
interference of members of Congress and
Generals of the army in these matters. The
law only should be the guide followed by the
Postmaster-General. When the General of
the army came here and said he thought
every little mining- camp in the Rocky .Mountains
was entitled"" to daily mail service, the
jury must not except that opinion as the law.
We should have a wretched condition of administrative
affairs if public officers were to
be guided by the advico and requests of members
of Congress, even where consistent with
the public go id.
General Henkle and Colonel Totten then
went on at ftreat length to point out what they
regarded as neglected prayers, the court almost
uniformly refusing to grant them. The
reading and discusion of these consumed so
much time that it was nearly three o'clock
when the jury retired.
A recess until six o'clock was then taken, at
which time the jury were ordered to report.
During recess some of the spectators remained
in their scats, and some time before
the court reassembled the room was almost
completely Oiled with an expectant crowd.
John Dorsey and Ilerdell sat side by side conversing
in a whisper. Miner and Vaile sat beside
their counsel General Henkle. All of
ttiem wore a strained and anxious expression
of countenance, and they glanced furtively at
the clock as the hour of six approached.
Turner was unconcerned, almost smilinsr. The
other defendants were not present. Shortly
after tho appointed hour the Judge took his
scat, and the jury was summoned. Pending
their appearance, General Brady came in and
stood near the door. At five minutes past six
o'clock the jury was called. .An impressive
silence reigned among the spectators while
the Clerk inquired:
"Gentlemen of the jury, havo you agreed
upon a verdict?"
Foreman Dickson answered: "We have not,
except as to ono of the defendants."
The Court That will not do. You had better
take your scats until counsel for the Government
The jury took seats.
Bliss and Kcr oame into court at this
and were informed of the condition of
Bliss said he did not see what was expected
of the Government counsel.
The Court then directed the jury to retire for
further deliberation, saying that perhaps by
to-morrow they would find another verdict.
They were cautioned to beware of "jury-fixers."
Thekla Popov, the peasant woman who is
being tried on a charge of aiding and abetting
upward of a hundred women in poisoning
their husbands, is a very remarkable charactci
destined to occupy a position at once unique
and picturesque in the annals of crime. She
is a gypsy, and is now some seventy years of
age. She lived in a little village named Me
leneze, anl it may almost be said that murder
Avas her trade. People say sh 2 had her agents
and emissaries, wboe business it was to keep
up her "eonnctM'!!." and Ir must have been a
horrid and gruesome- spectacle to see the
'grizzly hag seated in her arm-chair every day,
receiving her customers during business
hour?, and thorn the diabolical advir
and aid thiy oupht.
They re :li married women from the
v;- cuntry side, eager, for some
leason oi a:i..:h' r, to get rid of husbands who
obstinately iviused to die in the ordinary
course oi n uur , but who, by Thekla's friendly
offices, m:jiiit b uuide amenable to the resources
of a.t. These wretches paid the old
gypsy a fee offrjm fifty to one' nundred
fiorins for each bottle of poison, and were
duly by hr in the safest methods
of its " exhibition."
Tnekla Popov's clients were however, not always
married women. Romotimes she ha 1
dealing- w'th young g'rls who qu.irrelled with
their sweethearts, and who, from jealousy or
rags had determ.ned to kill them. This woman's
terrible trade prospered amazinglj' for
two years. She exc"ted no suspicion, because
thi drugs she administered acted slowly,
though surely, and in th'iir effects simulated
symptoms of disease. Even, now that the
bodies of some of her victims have beon exhumed
they show no signs of poisoning,
though the stomachs arc eaten away.
The first case that set people on the alert was
that ol one Jocza Kuk n, a rich peasant, who
died at Melcnczc two mouths ago. TJgly
about his diM'.th wer3 spread, :ind the
gisip whispered hints of foul
play. There was in consequence an in iucst;
but the most card ul post-mortem examination
lai.ed to reveal any tnte.es of prjisrning in hi?
case. The whole story was slipping out ol
the memories of the villagers, when
suddenly a dreadful revelation was
made. A gypsy girl, the daugther of old
Thekla Popov, came before the court at
Gr.'ss Hedskerek, and horrified it by the tale
she had to tell. She confessed that she gave
The wife of Jocza Kukin a bottle of some red
liquid poison prepared by her mother. She
did this by her mother's instructions. Having
had a quarrel With her re parent ovei
sh determined to betray her.
Thekla Popov s daughter further declared
that she actually saw Kukin's wife pour this
poison into his coffee, and that she told her
mother what she knew and had seen. Tho
gipsy replied: "Ono day I will poison you unless
you hold your tongue."
Of course this statement caused Thekla
Popov and the widow of Kukin to be arrested
'J hey, however, denied the charge brought
against them. Oddly enough, the Judge, by a
clever ruse not quite in keeping with English
notions of fair play to accused prisoners, managed
to overhear the two women talking the
ah air over in jail. Among other things he
overheard was Kukin's widow sayinr to her
accomplice: "Well. I am voung and pretty.
and WhV should he not
die? The Judge after that had little doubt
that the prisoners were guilty. Thy were
thei etore put on their trial, and the clew thus
unexpectedly placed in the hands of the authorities
was actively followed up.
Strange d.scoveries were soon made, showing
that from the woman Thekla Popov as a
center, a vast and complex ramification of
crime extended lar and wide throughout the
community. The trial has been deterred foi
several week?, so that tho bodies of men sup
posed to h'lve been murdered by their wives
may be exhumed and examined. Vienna
(August 2i) Cor. London Standard.
m The great French railway cornpa.
nies for some time have employed
as ticket and audit clerks, as also
have the Credit Eoncier and several
banks and public companies in France.
The Corporation of the city of Paris
mean also to employ women in tneir
offices, and 800 situations are offered.
Jr. T. .Siiw,
TOPICS OP THE DAY.
Philadelphia claims to have 5,000
Patents for car couplers aro issued at-the
average of one a day.
A Southern paper call3 courage the-temporary
paralysis of discretion.
Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Milwaukee
and Louisville, are all holding expositions.
It is stated that the free ice distributed
by New York philanthropists has,
caused much sickness.
It is stated that the State coffers of
Italy now contain 550,000,000 of coin
laid up toward the abolition of the forced
An Illinois woman gave a tramp a
bogus quarter to get rid of him, and he-made
it cost her an arrest and fifty dollars
in cash before he was satisfied.
The Postmaster General has decided'
that a stamp cut in pieces and thereafter-affixed
to mail matter is not good, though'
the stamp has never been canceled.
The South will make 7,000,000 gaHons;
of cotton seed oil this year, and you will5
buy some of it put up in nice shape and
labeled olive oil from Italy.
Liszt, the great composer, is always
surrounded by women, who cling to him
like lovesick maidens. He kisses both
hands and cheek whenever he takes a.
Owing to the opposition of the relatives
of Nthe late Charles Dickens, the
collection of his earlier plays and poems,
announced for publication in London, is-to
It is related that a young gentleman
connected with the English Foreign
Office the other day went to a telegraph
office and asked to see the original of a
telegram which had arrived from Egypt.
Mokse, who invented the telegraph,
and Bell, the inventor of the telephone,
both had deaf mute wives, which leads
a wag to observe: "Just see what a
man can do when everything is quiet."
The richest man in Mexico is an Irishman
named Patricio Milmo, who owns a
400.000 acre farm, and is reputed to be
worth $10,000,000. When he went to
Mexico he had not a dollar. He got his.
start by a fortunate marriage.
Czar Alexander IIL evidently expects
to survive his coronation. He is
adding to the seventeen palaces of his-father
a new one at Peterhoff, overlooking
the Gulf of Finland. Its foundations
are to be completed this fall at a
cost of $300,000.
Etdznxe, the well known French authority
on the subject, has issued his
estimates of the harvests of the world foi
18S2. His report is. on the whole, decidedly
favorable, indicating no serious
deficiency in crops in any quarter of the
world, and a general abundance throughout
Europe and America.
The Mormon priesthood has been circulating
a secret oircular in Utah, giving
nstructions to their people directly
opposite to the law rulings of the Commissioners.
One of the circulars has
been unearthed. They also decide to
have three Bishops sit with the Precinct
Registrars and oversee registration. The
Gentiles are much incensed at the interference.
A report is current that 300 of Gari .
baldi's olel comrades have banded themselves
together with the determination
of taking his body from its present resting
place, and of causing it to b&
cremated according to the desire
expressed in his will. "Whether the
report, which is believed in Italy, bo true
or not is not yet known ; but it has been
thought advisable that a guard should be
placed near his grave.
Emori Thomas sent to Mary Brown,
at Jackson, Michigan, silk for a dress n&
a present. He wished to marry her and
she was inclined to consent ; but when
she learned that the silk was part of the
booty of a burglary, she became the
principal witness against the wooer, and
he was sent to prison for seven years.
But they have become reconciled, and a
few days ago the prison chaplain joined
them in wedlock.
The well known German newspaper,
Algemeine Zeitung, of Augsburg, was-
originally started at Tubingen, in the
year 1798, by the great publisher Corta,
and two of it3 earliest contributors were
Goethe and Schiller. Among the foreign
correspondents have figured some of the
most gifted and eminent Germans of our
age. Heinrich Heine, for instance, was-
for several years its representative in
The mother-in-law of the
Adams, her daughter, her daughter's
daughter, her daughter's daughter's
daughter, and her daughter's daughter's
daughter's daughter are all living at his
Jate residence in the Boxbury district of
Boston, Massachusetts. Thus there are
five generations of women in continuous
line living under the same roof, they
being Mrs. Hendley, Mrs. Adams, Mrs.
Wolcott, Mrs. Colby, and little Miss
Colby. Mrs. Hendley is ninety-five
years of age,and th3 infant a few weeks