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MCBMt'BIPTIOX BATES :
l'er ye»r, in vlvuico tl 50 Otherwise a No rabecription will be diaoontinued until &1I *rre«r»j;e» ptj'l. r«-<m»sterr* neglecting to totifv a* when * nbHCriberw do not take cat their paper* Will bo held liable for tlie subscription. HuUcribei? rem'iving from one poutoffice to another ahonld give u* the name of the Kf. v. eil as the present office. All cominnnicatione intended for publication in thij paper moj-t be accompanied by the real name of the writer, not for publication, bat w a guarantee of good faith. Marriage and death notices mu-n be aocompa nied by a responsible name. Addrew THE BI'TI.ER CITIZKS, HIT I,Ell. PA. TRAVELERS' GUIDE. BCTLEH, S-kRSt CITT ANT> PAKKZB BAILBOAD (Bnt)er Time.) Trains leave Butler for St. Joe, Millcr'towr, Kerns City, Petrol in, Parker, etc., at 7.i1 and UJii a. in., and 2.05 and 7.15 p. m. [See be low for connections with A. V K. K.J Traiun arrive at Butler from the above named points at 9.45 a. m.. ana 1.55, 5.15 and 9.25 p. m. The 1.55 tiain connects with train on the West Ptnn roid '.o Pitubarijh. Sunday trains arrive at 10,55 a. m. and 3.55 p. m., and leave at 11.10 a. m. and 4.10 p. m. SIIENAKGO AND ALLEGHENT RAU.KOAI). Train.- leave HilliardV Mill, Butler county, for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. in. and 12.20 and 2JJO p. m. Staff.* leave Petrolta at 5.30 a, m. for 7.40 train, and at 10.00 a. m. l<w 12 20 tram. K' turn stipes le:ive Milliard on arrival of trains at 10.27 a, in. and 1.50 p. lu. leaves Martinsbur;; at 9.30 for 12.30 train. p. s. c.. * L- K. B. B. The morning train leaves Zelienople *t C 11. Harraour 6.1G and Evansburg at t!_3j. arriving at Etna Htalion at H.2>). an-1 Allegheny at 9.01. The afternoon trail leaves Zelieuop'e »t 1 26, HarmoiiV 1.31, Evansbarg 1.53. arriving at Etna Station at 4 1! and Allegheny at 4.46. Trai.is connecting at Etna Station with this road leave Allegheny at 7.11 a. ra. and 3.51 p. m. •g By getting oil at Hharinhnrg station and crossing the bridge to the A. V. R. K-, passen gers on the morning train can reach the L'uion depot at 9 o'clock. FEKStrLVASIA RAILBOAD. Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pitubnrirh Time.) Marfut at 5.11 a. m., go<a» through to Alle gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. in. Thi- train con nects at Frctrport with K roc port Acroratuoda tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in., railroad titne. Expreit at 7.21 a. m , connecting at P.utler Junction, without change of cars, at S.2<i with Express west, arriving In Allegheny at U.SS a. in., and Express eift arriving at Blsir&villc i at 11.00 a. m. railroad time. Mail at 2.3fi p. m., connecting at Butler Junc tion without change ol cars, with Express west, arriving in Allegheny st 52C p. in., and Ex press cast arriving at Bialrsvlile lnu-r<-eclion at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects with Philadelphia KxprcM east, when on time. Sunday Exjirest at 4.06 m., goes through to Alleghenv, arriving at 6.06 p. m. The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blairsville nt 11.05 a. in. with the Mail east, and the 2.36 p. in. traiu at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex press caft. Trains arrive at Butler on West Penn 11. R. at 9.51 a. in., 5.06 aud 7.11 p. in., Butler time. The 9,51 anil 5.06 trains connect with train* on the Butler A Parker R. R. Sun 'ay train arrives at Butler at lLlt a. in., connecting with train for Parker. Main Line. Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the En?" nt tSiii and 5.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 ai.a >5.06 p. in., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7J20 ]>. in. and 3.00, 7.0) and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore alxiut the same time, at New York three boars later, aud at Washington .-bout one and a half hours later. FINANCIAL. oin i oifinni i,iv ' ;r: '" 1 m w * :i st wlu 10 oIuUU , ° r,r " c " ° ver 7 I montli. Book bent tree ex plaining everything. A'Mrc-BH BAXTEIi k CO., I>*iiknrM t ocfO 17 Wall »ir Get, S. Y. PHYSICIANS. " JOHJTE. BYERS, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, wiyJl-ly) BUTLER. I»A. EDUCATIONAL. Allegheny Collegiate Institute FOR YOUNG LADIES. ALLBGIIEKV CITY, 30 Stockton A*f. Rev. THO3. C. STRONG, D. 0., President. Will open on MONDAY, SEPTEMBER Slh. fichool hours from 9 A. W to 1.30 p. si. Its coii- V'-nient distance from the depots will permit pupil* living outside the oily to return home each day, thus Having expense lor bonrd. For circulars address promptly as above. aug27-2in Pennsylvania Female College, EAST END, PITTSBURGH. A first cla«»£ol|egefor women Educational slandnrd high. Advantages complete. Most delightful situation in the whole country.— Terms quite moderate Opens EEITEMUEK 10TH. Address Mirs 11E1.EN E. PELLETKEAU, JlyWSui Acting President. JEFFERSON ACADEMY. CanoiiHhui'Ki I*u. Thorough preparation for college ; good Eng lish and busiueeK education. Moderate expensed, not necessarily exceeding * 1 ■ or |»«r term. Good chemical and pbi'oMophical apparatus, l.tige library. O >od moral and w>cud sitrroaiul- IngH. French and German taught. Next term commences September 16, IS7U. Jly23-iml KEV. WM EWING, Prin. Thiel College OF THB Evangelical Lutheran Church. 10r« COLI.EOIATE YKAU BEGINS SEIT. lltli, 1879. HE YEN INSTRUCTORS. Board. 42.00 per week. Address. Prest. 11. W. IIOTH or Itev. D. MCICEE, A. M., Principal of tho Acad. Oepartment, OitEENVILLE, MERCER CO.. I'A. Hr3i-iy DENTISTS. DHnSTTZSTH/Y". OU WALDRON, yraduate of the Phil ft adelpiiia Dental Collegers prepared • llato do auythiug in the Hue of his profession lu a sall«li«ctory manner. Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block, up stdrs, apll Dr. Quincy A. Scott, NIIIUKOX DEXTHT, HAS REMOVED TO SIX FINK OFFICEB, AT No. 30 Fifth Avenue, llalf way between Market and Wood Htreebi, PITTSBURGH, PA. JOS, BRUPP, WITH Schmidt & Friday, 884 & 386 I'KNX ATE., PITTBBUKGH, DIALBR4 IH WINSS AND LIQUORS, —'IMFOUTBK* OR Foreign Wiuea ancl Liquors. auxlVlf VOL. XVI. ;WE HAVE THE TRACK! d ,j n . r?ri I This Train Unloads Its Immense Cargo BOOTS AND SHOES AT THE NEW STORE OF JOHN BICKEL, UNION BLOCK, Main Street, Butler* Pa. Having just returned from the East witb one of the most complete as sortments of Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, &c„ ever brought to Butler, I will be enabled to dispose of the same at greatly PRICJSS.-Safr It is unnecessary to designate tho different qualities and makes of the Boots, Shoes, &O\, to IK; found in my store, in an advertisement. A personal inspection will enable all to see that my stock is inferior to none in IJutler. Suffice it to say, I have all kinds of Men's, Women's and Children's Wear, guaranteed to be equal in make, quality and finish to any found elsewhere. Leather and Findings of all qualities, which will lie supplied to Shoemakers at unexceptional prices. t^TCUSTOM WO!<k done to order, and at shortest notice. CALL SEI-0 US. XxTi*. THE TEURD I«7J>. Pittsburgh Exposition.. Will o|«?n at their tttiildingH ami Oronnds in tho City ot Alle^liony, September 4th, lN7i>, ami continue open Day and Evening, Sundays excepted, to OCTOBER 11th., 1879. Greater attractioiiH thin tliau any j.reviotiH year. A perfect rcllci of tho J* C'ulliivo Helen*;**, Will be ditiplayed with a prodigality never before attempted iu tliiH City. NEW A\l> ST.II.TL!\(; ATTKICTIO.m THE 00LLO8HAL MAMMOTH, or Siberian Elephant. length ; together with an imrnc imo colJection of Wild have been »«cnrcd at enonnoun expeiiMe from tho SluHcam of J'r';f. Ward, at ltoclin«t»ir; N. Y. PliOF. OFA R. CROMWELL. TLIW Famonn American Traveler, will pive IlliiMtr.'.tioiiH each evening, illni-lrating the bcaulie* of and American ucenery, tho nnwt faiuoiiM rtatuary of tho Old Work), rivaling tho boaution of nature, and the Mplendorn of nations in variety. CAPT. BOOARDUS BON, Obampion Shot Otin and Rifle »-!iotH of tho World, will nlir>ot Day an<l Evening, from HKITKMHKH ißth to OCTOBER 2nd. A OUAND SHOOTING TOL'UMAMKNT for provioiut to and after tli<"-, engagement of C&pt. and 8 m. A QUARTER UICYCLIi TRACK on tho enlarged grounds han been conntructod for daily totimamoutn and raaen. THE ELKOTBIC LRiHT will tllnininato Poral nail and ihe Grounds oach evening. THE GREAT WEHTiCRN EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT RANIJ will play day ar,<l evening. FIXJItAL if ALL trannfomuid into a fairy like grotto, with canc-ad'tH, geytMsrn, alpine wconory planted with the rarent of ilov.-um ami exoticH. forming an enclianting wceiie. THE REILI>ING.S fille<l to ovei-flowing with Exhibitn, eurpaemng any thing of the kind ever ueen in Pittsburgh. DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC COMFORT. Which will be nnder the marjagement of a iif>pular caterer, will supply any rcfrenhmentii that may be demrod, at popular price#. EXCURSION RATES. The managere of tho vario JH RaiiroadH centering in Pittsburgh, apprd ialing the grand work of the Expohition B<xriety have mvlo UNPRECEDENTED CONCESSIONS in tho reduction of farc« for excursion**, tho particulars of which will hereafter bo anifcraucod. General Adm i union to the Exhibition, .... 25 Cents. Children lean than Twelve Yearn of Aye - - - 15 Cent 6. E. P. YOUNG, GEN. MANAGER. J. C. PATTERSON, F- A. PARK. AF«T. MAVAC ER. SECRETARY. CITY OFFICE, GERMANIA BANK BUILDING, PA. E. RE I NEMAN K SON, Oyster Packers and GAME Dealers, B<#le Agen»j4 for the following celebrated and reliable brands of Raw o)'Ht»*ri< : CANB JAMEM K. «TANMJLITVV SKA HII#K I'IONKEJI BHANI>; W. L KJ.I.IH .NI CO.V KTAK BKAND; MOOUE Ai BHAIIY'H DEKI* BEA BUANIJ SHELL—J. iV: J. W. RvI* WOUTII'H NEW Y«»NI» 8OITNI»» ; HE III.EMIT A .lAMIIiHO.t'H CAI'E MAT TSALTH J CAI'T. (iEojIOE A. RAYN'OH*B H« .-SUAK'H CItEKKh AM* CliEitltv BTO.M;S. The Betuion for Oysters Ih now open, and from pronei it ludieatlonH the quality nii«l M'ipply will be good. We will at all thin * be prepared to »hip '.hem iu Cans, TIIIM, or in the Shell, to any point where there arc faciiliic* lor delivery. The u rcate*t care will tie taken In preparing OyateiM for *ihlt>ineut. to Innurc, a» fir aa practicable, their delivery in good condition. Our In rlhtleii lor handling KRESII OYSTERS aie the bent in our ity, having large cooling room and refrigerator, huilt after the late wt and mont t.pproved 4.U*rn, thereby fully completing our al readv ample nrrangemetita for llilltig orderH, large or Kl naii. Puitieb <*rdering iroin ua can de pend on getting strictly frenh Htock at all tline>», a« w< receive by Exprean dally. PI.KAAE HKNI» FOR Pun K LIST of our well-known above nrauda. which we will a't all UIIICH hupply to the trade at BALTIMORE PRH EH, frelghta added. We are deteriinued that .our brand* ahull not be excelled, either in quality or till of can», } >y any other, during the nc.u.on. Elaborate and at tractive postern furnUhcd L'ratU on af plication. *A'e take the liberty ol nol citing yot:r patronage, prom in 1 tig that no exertion shall be spared to maintain the reputation won iu past years. Yours rer pectfully, E. A 2ST &c 303 ST, •eptXlm 17!) ÜBEKTI' HTItKKT, IMTTjIHUKOU, PA. SCHOENECK fit GLOSE~ ( Cor. 10th St. &. Penn Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA., Mnnufacturira and Dealers, in all kinds of FURNI URE ! Arc offering this Fall Extraordinary Inducement* to Purchasers. As they TiiriTiuljcturc evi'iy nrtlcli* In their Hue, tln.-y ar« <-nulilcil to BC*ll UL mui*li lower pricOii Ibmi 111 y (Itlicr liounu went oIN.w y<,ik. Uu not full to call In bvloru cinuwlic-re, UU(I examine tlielr large ui.d well ili«iihiyed atf.ort liclit i»l Parlor, Cbtimber, OlDeo and Ctning Furniture. Klleheu Furniture ol evirv ilcK rl(>tlon UIWHJ-B on hand. Al»o, MalVebseitoi all ktnd«. fur niture U'ttUe to older uud guuraulccxl iu every particular. aeplO-yiii BUTLER. PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER IT, 1870. ST. JOHN'S CHURCH JUBILEE THE LAW OF 17 02—THE GERMAN WAY—THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY HISTORICAL FACTS THE DECORA TIONS. In the month of April 1792, subse quent to the subjugation of European troops in America, was enacted a law that opened out to emigrants the mag- } nificent territory north and west of the j Ohio—a territory long previous the scene of battle between the French ; and English soldiery. This vast ex- j pan.-e, so rich in natural resources, so . promising to the toil of the husbandmen, at once was peopled by immigrants from densely packed Germany and specially from the rugged Westmore land founty. These thrifty Germans bad no sooner conquered the giants of the forest than, true to the spirit of their education and loyal to that Church which had se cured for them liberty of thought and act in accord with the dictates of a pure teaching of the Word of God, they sought to have their children sep arated from the great masses of them that know not God, and have them engrafted into the church by baptism, to have the Gospel preached to them, and the Holy Supper administered in its purity. With this devotion to their highest interests, they had among them as early as the opening of the present century pastors who faithfully broke to them the Bread of Life and pointed out the folly of bartering a soul for a few narrow acres of land. These pastors preached faithfully aud as fre quently as possible, sometimes in the open groves, sometimes in rude barns, until a proper house was erected. Not a few times did those old forests, ig norant of every harmony save the warbling praises of birds, and their own plaintive sighing, reverberate with new songs—the hymns of the hopeful in the Faith, which those sturdy flfer mans, with a devoutness peculiar to their nation, sang. These hymns, which they had learned to lisp in in fancy ami in prattling childhood, formed in manhood and old age a bond of union between each other and the Church, and are to-day the richest legacy to i the Church. The one doubting this need but to compare the best hymns of recent authors with the aged, "Nun Junket alle Got It " or " Chrixte Hint Oerechligtiit, or "o'ott ruj'ct Noch" to be convinced. This devotion of the German to his church led to the erection of St. John's in the years 1828 aud 1829 for the accommodation of the increasing : multitudes that assembled time after time. It was a bold undertaking and i boldly accomplished. The "Old Stone < Church," whose fiftieth anniversary was celebrated on Friday, September : sth, would be an honor to any congre gation at the present day. What must > it have been fifty years ago? It is, 1 in truth, a monument that records the ; virtue of a people who are to-day too i often sneered at; it is a monument 1 that teaches our emigrants to the West < how to prosper a community by honor- ' ing- its God ; it is a monument round I which the faithful of to-day delighted i to gather in vast assemblv to recount the virtues and wisdom of the builders. < On Thursday evening, the evening previous to the Day of Jubilee, a ser- : mon appropriate to the occasion was preached by Rev. T. U. Roth, of Utiea, X. Y. The theme was: "The Divinity of Christ is the foundation of all things and of the Church." The Jubilee Day dawned fair and favoring. The rains of the previous days instead of dampening the ardor of au enthused people tempered the atmosphere and settled the dust. The elements conspired with the occasion to perfect the joyous emotions of those coming to join in the celebration. The opening service of the day was digni fied by the solemn act of baptizing a babe, whose pious mother was about to migrate to the far West. After this ceremony was ended, the morning ser vices were conducted in the German language by the Kev. Prof. Gilbert, one of Germany's best Hebrew schol ars, classmate of the famous Tischen ilorf, formerly pastor of St. John's Evangelical Lutheran congregation, now the revered instructor of Hebrew ami modern languages in Thiel Col lege. On these services united voices that had long been separated, and once more the old walls re-echoed in gladness the old choral, "Now thank we all our God." After this service the boys from Prospect with horns, and drums, and cymbals sounded a call to dinner. It was a call considerable more harmoni ous than the shrill voice of some pro voked dame calling the good man to the burnt broth. Be it spoken, greatly to their credit, despite the brevity of the time consumed in practice and the various hindrances encountered during that time, they produced superior har mony. Heeding the call we surrounded a table that was lit for a king. Arranged with consummate skill it was preemi nently the best of its kind.- In shape an L, which letter represented the initial letter of the word Lutheran. From end to end the fruits of nature and tin; products of the good house wife weighed heavily on the uprights, so heavily that part of the table sank to the ground. Stacks of pies were there and huge piles of sandwiches, with huge cakes, all surrounded with garlands of flowers deftly woven. The supply of fowl seemed to indicate that one Jubilee provided a sadder havoc in tho poultry yard than a score of foxes. Though the supply was pro digious, the opening of many hundred mouths soon engulfed almost the very vestiges. During the general melee at the table the writer undertook to view the dec orations, in which, though extensive without and within, scarce a fault was found. The rough stone walls of the front were draped from foundation to roof with festoons of evergreen, lu the gable was the old marble slab and the inscription j ST. JOil N'S I 1829 j 1 Underneath, in large characters en- cased in green, "1579." Below this was an enormous garland of gaily col ored flowers. The effect of this gar land was splendid. Still lower was a second festoon, under which, in letters of gold, was the heartsome word "WELCOME." Within greater taste was displayed. Without disgusting the eye with an extravagance of ornament, the great room presented one decorated whole. Festoons of living green clung to cor ner and crevice, upright and pendant. Upon the wall back of the pulpit hung a huge cross of gold and silver foil, in construction almost faultless, and much resembling the legendary cross on the Rock of Ages. On the left was the first line of Luther's famous battle hymn, '"Kin fe.<te Burg ixt unser Oott on the right was the opening line of Martin Rinkert's not less famous hymn, "Nun dankeialle Cult." On opposite sides of tlfb building, in letters of gold, resting on a background gracefully fringed with green, were the exceedingly appropriase verses of Scrip ture : "In the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert." "Thcv that trust in the Lord shall be as Mount Zion, which cannot be removed but abideth forever." The royal benediction, "Peace be within thy walls and prosperity within thy palaces," occupied a prominent space between the doorways. As the multitude was too immense lo find room inside, the historian, Rev. I). Luther Roth, of Lunenberg, Nova Scotia, to whom the work of collecting the history had been intrusted, mounted a buggy and read in a loud clear voice a history of St. John's Evan gelical Lutheran Church, Lancaster township, Pennsylvania. The history was replete with interesting detail and amusing incident. According to the historian, the first Lutheran minister was one named Moeckenhaupt, who was a veritable Melchisidec, having no previous, no subsequent history. The first organization was made in the year 1820, shortly after the advent of Rev. Christian Gottlob Schweizerbarth, who served this people for twenty-nine years. This organization, originally called Zion'B Oemiende, was effected in the barn of John Buechle, Sr. In the year 1828 material for the erection of the new edifice was hauled. In 1829 the work of building began, yet the building was not dedicated until the third Sunday after Trinity, July Bth, 1832. This pastor, who makes the follow ing quaint record: "In the twenty seventh year of the reign of Bishop Schweizerbarth" was a bright and shining light, whose luster added ra diance to the glory of the Day of Ju bilee. There were present about forty aged, who had been eye witnesses of tlie events of 1829, and were the glad objects for whom the Bishop had labored. With these his menory is yet green; his deeds they loved to relate to the bystanders ; with special fondness did they dwell on the events of fifty years ago, and looking upon the hosts that had assembled they glee fully exclaimed : "This looks like the times of 'Ole Schweizerbarth.'" Abundant satisfaction radiated every countenance. Surely none had reason to ask for greater joy. As we gazed at the beaming faces of that day we pondered on the influence for good of that single Church. How much of the contentment and pleasure of the present day was due to the foresight of the sturdy yeomanry that laid those blocks of stone in the name of our Lord? llow much of the civilization of the present day emanates from the seed sown by the faithful "Bishop?" It was good seed, and much fruit is ready for the reaper. St. John's history is yet incomplete. Her Past is a halo of glory enriching and crowning her stately walls. Her Future will be unfolded and made mani fest to us, as tho misty curtain of time is drawn aside. May that future be not less glorious than was the past. Let us echo and re-echo the silent ben ediction that met our gaze as we passed out of St John's. "Peace be within thy walls and prosperity within thy palaces." GAE. SINGULAR TRAGEDY.— On Thursday evening George Waterfield, a middle aged painter, was sitting on the porch in front of Mr. Samuel Clayton's hotel, at Edge Hill village, when he sud denly jumped up, walked to the bat room door, exclaimed that he was shot and fell dead. A physician who was called in extracted a minnie rifle ball which had lodged iu his heart. No one was seen shooting, nor was the report of a firearm heard at the hotel, but after some time a man who came to the hotel stated that he had seen a young man named Titus Heilman shooting with a rifle at Abington Sta tion, half a mile distant, about the time of the tragedy. Heilman was sent for and explained that he was practicing with a minnie rifle by shooting at a ball on tho cupola of the engine house at the station. The distance from the station to the hotel is variously esti mated at from one-half to three-quar ters of a mile, no one putting it under the former figure. The hotel stands upon high ground, being not less than one hundred feet.above the level of the railroad, and the ball must have been what is known among marksmen as a curve shot. Deputy Coroner Fen ton held an inquest, the jury return ing a verdict of accidental death.— llurrinburj Telejraph. THE amount of water passing over Niagara Falls has been estimated at 100,000,000 tons per hour, and its per pendicular descent may be taken at 150 feet, without considering the rapids, which represent a further fall of 150 feet. The force represented by the principal fall alone amounts to 1 <>,800,- 000 horse-power, an amount which if it had to be produced by steam would necessitate an expenditure of not less than 266,000,000 tons of coal per an num, taking the consumption of coal at four pounds per horse-power per hour. In other words, all the coal raised throughout the world would barely suffice to produce the amount of power that annually runs to waste at this 1 wonderful fall. WIIA T CONSTITUTES LlliEL f THE FREEDOM OF THE PLTESS CAN A MINISTER'S ACTION'S HE CRITICISED, LIKE ANY OTHER PUBLIC MAN ? THE CASE OF REV. LLOYD MORGAN. [Allegheny Mail, Sept. Sth.] The most interesting libel suit that has been oil trial for some time is that of Kev. Lloyd .Morgan vs. the Pitts burgh Leader. Sessions are being held day and night in Kittanniug. At a latv hour on Saturday, the Court ad journed to meet again this morning. The prosecution is of unusual interest, as it brings prominently into public notice questions concerning the mean ing of that clause in the Constitution extending the privileges of the press. The clause referred to is in section 7, article 1, of the new Constitution aud reads as follows : "No conviction shall be had in any prosecution for the publication of pa pers relating to the official conduct of officers or men in public capacity or to any other matter proper for public in vestigation or information where the faet that such publication was not ma liciously or negligently made shall be established to the satisfaction of the jury, and in all indictments for libel the jury shall have the right to deter mine the law and the facts under the direction of the Court as in other cases." The defendants claiming that they can prove the truth of most of their statements rely upon this law and ex pect to justify their course both as to the facts and the absence of malice ami negligence. Thequestion "Is a preacher a man engaged in a public capacity within the meaning of the law was raised at the very commencement of the trial. It was clear from the great extent of testimony gotten up by the defend ants, from their pleadings and from the opening of Judge Painter that they in tended to ask for the fullest scope iu being allowed to prove that the charges published against the prosecutor were true, and that they were not published with any malicious intent. In order to have a comprehensive and definite rul ing by the Court the defendants sub mitted the following offer: We offer to prove bv the witness on the stand that the matter alleged to be libelous was published by him in the Leader in good faith, without malice toward the Rev. Lloyd Morgan, min ister of the gospel, named iu the in dictment, after careful inquiry and in vestigation, and upon evidence of the facts presented to him by reliable men, such as ministers, deacons, and others of the Baptist denomination, consisting in part of church records, letters, news paper publications, not denied or con tradicted by tho prosecutor himself. Also, by sworn affidavits of credible persons, deacons and members, both male and female, of churches in which the prosecutor had been or then was acting as pastor. Also, by the solemn statement, in writing, of ministers, elders and members of the Baptist church, (some of whom had been mem bers of a church council that had tried the prosecutor for offenses against law and morals) addressed to other Chris tian churches in this county, and that the same was compared and published at the earnest request of such minis ters, deacons and others for public in formation and investigation, and not with a view or intent to injure the said Rev. Lloyd Morgan as an individual or otherwise, but for the protection of the Church, in the interest of religion and pure morals, by the exposure of deceit and fraud. This to be followed by other evidence in proof of the actual truth of the charges made of the im proper intimacy of the prosecutor with women of his own church, of the pro curation, by the prosecutor, of the pas toral position and office upon false aud forged certificates, and under false and assumed names, and also that, through and bv means of said recited falsehood and fraud, that the prosecutor obtained credit, goods and money from his par ishoners and others with the intent to cheat and defraud ; and that, in fact, he did, through the means and oppor tunities afforded by his office and posi tion of pastor, attempt to seduce and debauch virtuous females, married and single, and in some instances succeeded. And this for the purpose of rebutting the presumption of malice and the tes timony offered on the part of the Com monwealth to show malice in faet; that what the defendants published is true, but if not true, that it was not maliciously or negligently made; that they published it upon proper informa tion and after careful and thorough in vestigation, and to sustain the pleas filed by the defendants in this case. OBJECTIONS. 1. The Commonwealth objects to the answer in the first paragraph for the reason that the publication charged in the indictment is not of and con cerning the public ministration or pas toral conduct of the prosecutor, but of and concerning the Rev. Lloyd Mor gan as a citizen, distinct from his cler ical or pastoral relation. 2. The evidence does not touch the charge laid in the indictment. That the truth of the facts is not ndmissablc in evidence under the plead ings in this case. 4. The proof of fraudulently obtained goods is not evidence in this case. f). That the whole evidence proposed in the offer is irrelevant, important aud inadmissable. <;. That the evidence offered does not tend to sustain the pleas. 7. That the opinion of the witness on the stand is not admissable.but that the jury are the judges of the charac ters of the publication from facts not opinions. This offer and objections were ar gued by Major Brown for the defend ants and by E. S. Golden and David Barclay, Esqs., for the Commonwealth. Judge Neal discussed the questions at some length and announced his de cision as follows: JI DGK MEAL'S DECISION. It has been decided long since that Christianity is a part of the common law of this Commonwealth. It is at the foundation of the law of all Chris tian governments. The teaching of its principles is encouraged by express law in some of our States ami prac ticed by general consent in many others. Churches and Sunday Schools are established and supported in every community, and their -ights protected by law. The public uave a deep in terest in all that pertains to them. If immoral teachings, either by direct example of the pastor in charge, or if his utterances from the pulpit tend to corrupt and vitiate the morals of the public, it strike* at the very principles that we recognize as part of the founda tion of our government. The Constitution has in it a clause directly referring to the rights and lib erties of the public press, restraining it from the undue exercise of the high power it might otherwise employ, and at the same time affording an ample shield to the domestic peace of the cit izen that it might invade. , While it may not be entirely clear that the prosecutor, who has been se verely criticised by the articles of de fendants' newspaper in evidence is standing in a public capacity, or that the matter referred to is proper for public investigation or information, yet us the jury are by law made the judges of the law as well as of the facts, and as these questions, under such instruc tions as the Court may give, are for their consideration, it would be a de nial of justice if it were to appear to them that the defendants come within the constitutional privileges and are debarred from presenting such evi dence as will tend to show that the publications were not maliciously and negligently made. Under the pleadings, to which the Commonwealth has not demurred, by which course the whole responsibility of decision would have been cast upon the Court, the defendants ask to show both the truthfulness and the bona fides of the publications. We are constrained to say that evidence to sustain those pleas should be admitted. If the evi dence, under the justification, if not controlled by the privileges extended by the seventh section of the Declara tion of Rights, should not be as full and complete as the charges made, it would not avail the defendants. The evidence of the truthfulness of the charges and the absence of malice in their preferment would also be im portant in their bearing upon the duty of the Court in passing sentences: for if they have been wantonly, maliciously or negligently made, and the jury should so find, it would be a proper matter for the Court to know to what extent they have been maliciously or lightly made. The objections are, therefore, overruled and the offer re ceived. A MILE A MINUTE. "How fast do you think we are trav eling?" Charley Eraser, one of the oldest engineers of the New York, Lake Erie and Western Railway, asked a Sun reporter as they were standing together on the foot board of Locomo tive No. 30'.), rushing over the mead ows toward Rutherford Park. "I should think we were going nearly a mile a minute." "A mile a minute!" said Eraser. "I doubt if you ever rode a mile a minute. Few locomotives have driv ing wheels over five feet, and I have my doubts if a five-foot wheeler can be pushed a mile a minute. People have a very erroneous idea of the speed of railroad trains. We are not going now more than 35 miles an hour, and this is very fast. Few trains make this speed. The passengers in the cars would think we were going a mile a minute sure;, if I was to pull out the throttle so as to send her forty miles an hour. The express trains make no such time as the local trains. Where we lose is with so many stops. No man can stand on a platform car and face the wind going a mile a minute, and live. The breath would actually be blown out of his body. You couldn't count the telegraph poles going a mile a minute. Talk to an old engineer of that rate being made by a passenger train, and he would laugh. I made a mile a minute once, however. It was when 1 was but 18 years of age. I was an engineer then, in charge of a fine six foot-wheel locomotive. There were a lot of railroad moguls on bqard, and the object was to make the best time we could. They were to ring the gong when the speed was a mile a minute. I thought we were making it for some time before the bell rung. At length, on a down grade, with a full head of steam, we were spinning along as if we were all going to destruction, aud the motion of the piston going over the center could no longer be distinguished, the bell rang. We had reached the rate of a mile a minute. It was the fastest I ever rode, before or since. I tried hard to make a mile a minute on subsequent miles, but lacked it three or four seconds every time. I couldn't squeeze another mile inside of the sixty seconds. When you hear a man telling about riding iu a passenger train that run a mile a minute, don't say anything, but mentally scratch off a good allowance. Two CHRISTIAN NAMES. —The cus tom of persons bearing two "Christian names." is of comparatively recent origin in England. An author, who has had occasion to search many vol umes of old country records, and who has seen "many thousands and tens of thousands of proper names belong ing to men of all ranks and degrees," says that in no instance, down to the end of the reign of Anne, has he found a mention made of any person having more than one Christian name. The lirst instance which occurs in the county records was in 1717, when Sir Coplestone Warwick Hainlield appears as a Justice. The first instance which the same author has met in any other places are those of ltenry Frederick, Pari of Arundel, born in 1608, and Sir Henry Frederick Thyme, created a baronet in 1911. Both of these appear to have been named after the eldest son of James 1., who was born in Scot land. William 111., who was a Ihitch inaii, was the first King of Kuglund who bore two Christian names. "PATRICK, where is Bridget?" "In dade, ma'am, she's fu.->t n.-lapc watch ing the bread baking." ADTEKTININU UATKM, One square. one insertion, $1 ; each ralm 'lieii! insertion,&> cents. Yearly .ailvertiiiemcnta exceeding one-funrth of a column, f 5 per inch. wort double these raies; additional charges where weekly or monthly changes are ma«le. Loral advertisements 10 cents per line for rtivt insertion, an.l 5 cents per lino for each additional in orti m. Matriage* and deaths pub lished free of charge. Obituary notice* charged a* advertisements, and payable" when handed in Audit ore" Notices. ti : Executors' and Adminis trators' Notices. »3 each; Estray, Caution and Dissolution Notice*, not exceeding ten lines, U each. —— From the fact that the Crnzn is the oldest established and most extensively circulated Re publican newspaper in Bntler county, (a Repub lican county) it must lie apparent' tw bushiest! men that it is the medium they should oso In advertising their business. NO. 42. THE OLD-FASHIONED GIRL. [Selected for the Citizen.] The old-fashioned girl that flourished thirty years ago was a little girl until she was fifteen. She used to help her mother to wash the dishes and keep the kitchen tidy, and she had an ambi tion to make pies so nicely that papa could not tell the difference between them and mama's; and yet she could fry griddle cakes at ten years of age, and darn her own stockings before she was twelve, to say nothing of knitting them herself. She had her hours of play and en joyed herself to the fullest extent. She had no very costly toys, to be sure, but her baby doll and little bureau aud chair that Uncle Tom made, were just as valuable to her as the S2O wax doll and elegant doll furniture the children have nowadays. She never said "I can't," and "I don't want to," to her mother, when asked to leave her play and run up stairs or down on an errand, because she had not been brought up that way. Obedience was a cardinal virtue in the old-fashioned little girl. She rose in the morning when she was called, aud went out into the gar den aud saw the dew on the grass, arid if she livetf in the country, she fed the chickens and hunted up the eggs for breakfast. We do not suppose she had her hair in curl papers, crimping pins, or had it "banged" over her forehead, and her flowers were no trouble to her. She learned to sew by making patch work, and we dare say she could do an "over aud over" seam as well as nine-tenths of grown up women do nowadays. The old-fashioned little girl did not grow into a young lady and talk about beaux before she was in her teens, aud she did not read dime novels, and was fancying a hero in every plow boy she met. She learned the solid accom plishments as she grew up. She was taught the arts of cooking and house keeping. When she got a husband she knew how to cook him a dinner. She was not learned in French verba or Latin declensions, and her near neighbors were spared the agony of hearing her pound out "The Maid en's Prayer," and "Silver Threads Among the Gold" twenty times a day on the piano, but we have no doubt she made her family quite as comforta ble as the modern young lady does hers. It may l>e a vulgar assertion, and we suppose that we are not exactly up with the times, but we honestly believe, and our opinion is based on considerable experience and no small opportunity for observation, that when it comes to keeping a family happy a good cook and housekeeper is to be gratly preferred to an accomplished scholar. When both sets of qualities are found together, as they sometimes are, then is the household orer which such a woman has control blessed. The old-fasbioncd little girl was modest in her demeanor, and she never talked slang or used by-words. She did not laugh at old people or make fun of cripples, as we saw some modern girls doing the other day. She had respect for elders, and was not above listening to words of counsel from those older than herself. She did not think she knew as much as her mother, and that her judgment was as good as her grandmother's. She did not go to parties by the time she was ten and stay till after midnight playing euchre and dancing with any chance young man who hap pened to be present. She went to l)ed in season, and slept the sleep of innocence, and rose up in the morning happy aud capable of giving happiness. And if there be an old-fashioned little girl in the world to-day may heaven bless her and keep her, and raise up others like her. .Mu. HAMLIN ANI> PRESIDENT LlN COLN.—Senator Hamlin says that while Vice-President his relations with Mr. Lincoln were always amica ble; Mr. Lincoln often consulted him. "I was always more radical than ho was," says Mr. Hamlin; "I was urg ing him ; he was holding back on bis problems„and he was the wiser, proba bly, as events prove. I desired to arm the blacks and to issue the proclamation sooner than he did, and was always for urging. I was the first person he ever showed the proclamation to. I saw it before In; submitted it to the Cabinet. He met me one day and said, 'Whero will you be this evening?' 'I am going out of town,' I replied. 'No, you are not, sir.' 'lndeed, I am sir, unless you command me.' 'Well, Ido com mand you. I want you to spend the evening with me at the Soldiers' Home.' I met him at the Executive Mansion, and we started to drive to the Home. As soon as we had started, he drew from his pocket the rough draft of the proclamation, and read it over to me. Naturally 1 was delighted and told him so. He was much moved at the step he was taking." BOSTON CORBETT, who shot John Wilkes Booth, was out scouting in a squad, near Drainsville, Va., during the war. They were suddenly sur rounded by Mosby's command, and every man belonging to the scouting party was either killed or wounded or taken prisoner, except Corbett, who ensconced himself in a hole in tho ground, and kept up such a fusilado with his carbine and two pistols that IK? kept the whole of Mosby'scommand at bay, and caused that leader to re mark, "That man deserves to escape," and he did. • A SUBSCRIBER to a southwestern newspaper died recently, leaving four years' subscription unpaid. The edi tor appeared at tin* grave and deposited in the coflui a palm leaf fan, a linen coat and a thermometer. "WHAT" asks a correspondent, "causes the hair to come out ?" Be fore we answer we must know whether you are married or single. This is im portant to a true understanding of tho case. SPORTSMEN should remember that l>y 11 special legislative enactment it ia criminal to shoot quail for one your, Trorn November 1, 1879.