MCBMt'BIPTIOX BATES :
l'er ye»r, in vlvuico tl 50
No rabecription will be diaoontinued until &1I
*rre«r»j;e» ptj'l. r«-<m»sterr* neglecting to
totifv a* when * nbHCriberw do not take cat their
paper* Will bo held liable for tlie subscription.
HuUcribei? rem'iving from one poutoffice to
another ahonld give u* the name of the
Kf. v. eil as the present office.
All cominnnicatione intended for publication
in thij paper moj-t be accompanied by the real
name of the writer, not for publication, bat w
a guarantee of good faith.
Marriage and death notices mu-n be aocompa
nied by a responsible name.
THE BI'TI.ER CITIZKS,
HIT I,Ell. PA.
BCTLEH, S-kRSt CITT ANT> PAKKZB BAILBOAD
Trains leave Butler for St. Joe, Millcr'towr,
Kerns City, Petrol in, Parker, etc., at 7.i1 and
UJii a. in., and 2.05 and 7.15 p. m. [See be
low for connections with A. V K. K.J
Traiun arrive at Butler from the above named
points at 9.45 a. m.. ana 1.55, 5.15 and 9.25
p. m. The 1.55 tiain connects with train on
the West Ptnn roid '.o Pitubarijh.
Sunday trains arrive at 10,55 a. m. and 3.55
p. m., and leave at 11.10 a. m. and 4.10 p. m.
SIIENAKGO AND ALLEGHENT RAU.KOAI).
Train.- leave HilliardV Mill, Butler county,
for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. in.
and 12.20 and 2JJO p. m.
Staff.* leave Petrolta at 5.30 a, m. for 7.40
train, and at 10.00 a. m. l<w 12 20 tram.
K' turn stipes le:ive Milliard on arrival of
trains at 10.27 a, in. and 1.50 p. lu.
leaves Martinsbur;; at 9.30 for 12.30
p. s. c.. * L- K. B. B.
The morning train leaves Zelienople *t C 11.
Harraour 6.1G and Evansburg at t!_3j. arriving
at Etna Htalion at H.2>). an-1 Allegheny at 9.01.
The afternoon trail leaves Zelieuop'e »t 1 26,
HarmoiiV 1.31, Evansbarg 1.53. arriving at
Etna Station at 4 1! and Allegheny at 4.46.
Trai.is connecting at Etna Station with this
road leave Allegheny at 7.11 a. ra. and 3.51 p. m.
•g By getting oil at Hharinhnrg station and
crossing the bridge to the A. V. R. K-, passen
gers on the morning train can reach the L'uion
depot at 9 o'clock.
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pitubnrirh Time.)
Marfut at 5.11 a. m., go<a» through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. in. Thi- train con
nects at Frctrport with K roc port Acroratuoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in.,
Expreit at 7.21 a. m , connecting at P.utler
Junction, without change of cars, at S.2<i with
Express west, arriving In Allegheny at U.SS
a. in., and Express eift arriving at Blsir&villc i
at 11.00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.3fi p. m., connecting at Butler Junc
tion without change ol cars, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny st 52C p. in., and Ex
press cast arriving at Bialrsvlile lnu-r<-eclion
at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects with
Philadelphia KxprcM east, when on time.
Sunday Exjirest at 4.06 m., goes through
to Alleghenv, arriving at 6.06 p. m.
The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blairsville
nt 11.05 a. in. with the Mail east, and the 2.36
p. in. traiu at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Trains arrive at Butler on West Penn 11. R. at
9.51 a. in., 5.06 aud 7.11 p. in., Butler time. The
9,51 anil 5.06 trains connect with train* on
the Butler A Parker R. R. Sun 'ay train arrives
at Butler at lLlt a. in., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the En?"
nt tSiii and 5.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 ai.a >5.06 p.
in., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7J20
]>. in. and 3.00, 7.0) and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
alxiut the same time, at New York three boars
later, aud at Washington .-bout one and a half
oin i oifinni i,iv ' ;r: '" 1 m w * :i st
wlu 10 oIuUU , ° r,r " c " ° ver 7
I montli. Book bent tree ex
plaining everything. A'Mrc-BH
BAXTEIi k CO., I>*iiknrM t
ocfO 17 Wall »ir Get, S. Y.
" JOHJTE. BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
wiyJl-ly) BUTLER. I»A.
Allegheny Collegiate Institute
FOR YOUNG LADIES.
ALLBGIIEKV CITY, 30 Stockton A*f.
Rev. THO3. C. STRONG, D. 0., President.
Will open on MONDAY, SEPTEMBER Slh.
fichool hours from 9 A. W to 1.30 p. si. Its coii-
V'-nient distance from the depots will permit
pupil* living outside the oily to return home
each day, thus Having expense lor bonrd.
For circulars address promptly as above.
Pennsylvania Female College,
EAST END, PITTSBURGH.
A first cla«»£ol|egefor women Educational
slandnrd high. Advantages complete. Most
delightful situation in the whole country.—
Terms quite moderate Opens EEITEMUEK
Mirs 11E1.EN E. PELLETKEAU,
JlyWSui Acting President.
Thorough preparation for college ; good Eng
lish and busiueeK education. Moderate expensed,
not necessarily exceeding * 1 ■ or |»«r term.
Good chemical and pbi'oMophical apparatus,
l.tige library. O >od moral and w>cud sitrroaiul-
IngH. French and German taught. Next term
commences September 16, IS7U.
Jly23-iml KEV. WM EWING, Prin.
Evangelical Lutheran Church.
10r« COLI.EOIATE YKAU BEGINS SEIT. lltli, 1879.
HE YEN INSTRUCTORS.
Board. 42.00 per week. Address. Prest. 11.
W. IIOTH or Itev. D. MCICEE, A. M., Principal of
tho Acad. Oepartment,
OitEENVILLE, MERCER CO.. I'A.
OU WALDRON, yraduate of the Phil
ft adelpiiia Dental Collegers prepared
• llato do auythiug in the Hue of his
profession lu a sall«li«ctory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block,
up stdrs, apll
Dr. Quincy A. Scott,
HAS REMOVED TO SIX FINK OFFICEB, AT
No. 30 Fifth Avenue,
llalf way between Market and Wood Htreebi,
Schmidt & Friday,
884 & 386 I'KNX ATE., PITTBBUKGH,
WINSS AND LIQUORS,
Foreign Wiuea ancl Liquors.
;WE HAVE THE TRACK!
. r?ri I
This Train Unloads Its Immense Cargo
BOOTS AND SHOES
AT THE NEW STORE OF
Main Street, Butler* Pa.
Having just returned from the East witb one of the most complete as
Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, &c„
ever brought to Butler, I will be enabled to dispose of the same at greatly
It is unnecessary to designate tho different qualities and makes of the
Boots, Shoes, &O\, to IK; found in my store, in an advertisement. A personal
inspection will enable all to see that my stock is inferior to none in IJutler.
Suffice it to say, I have all kinds of
Men's, Women's and Children's Wear,
guaranteed to be equal in make, quality and finish to any found elsewhere.
Leather and Findings
of all qualities, which will lie supplied to Shoemakers at unexceptional prices.
t^TCUSTOM WO!<k done to order, and at shortest notice.
CALL SEI-0 US.
XxTi*. THE TEURD I«7J>.
Will o|«?n at their tttiildingH ami Oronnds in tho City ot Alle^liony,
September 4th, lN7i>,
ami continue open Day and Evening, Sundays excepted, to
OCTOBER 11th., 1879.
Greater attractioiiH thin tliau any j.reviotiH year. A perfect rcllci of tho
J* C'ulliivo Helen*;**,
Will be ditiplayed with a prodigality never before attempted iu tliiH City.
NEW A\l> ST.II.TL!\(; ATTKICTIO.m
THE 00LLO8HAL MAMMOTH, or Siberian Elephant.
length ; together with an imrnc imo colJection of Wild
have been »«cnrcd at enonnoun expeiiMe from tho SluHcam of J'r';f. Ward, at ltoclin«t»ir; N. Y.
PliOF. OFA R. CROMWELL. TLIW Famonn American Traveler, will pive IlliiMtr.'.tioiiH each
evening, illni-lrating the bcaulie* of and American ucenery, tho nnwt faiuoiiM rtatuary of
tho Old Work), rivaling tho boaution of nature, and the Mplendorn of nations in
CAPT. BOOARDUS BON, Obampion Shot Otin and Rifle »-!iotH of tho World, will nlir>ot
Day an<l Evening, from HKITKMHKH ißth to OCTOBER 2nd. A OUAND SHOOTING TOL'UMAMKNT
for provioiut to and after tli<"-, engagement of C&pt. and 8 m.
A QUARTER UICYCLIi TRACK on tho enlarged grounds han been conntructod for
daily totimamoutn and raaen.
THE ELKOTBIC LRiHT will tllnininato Poral nail and ihe Grounds oach evening.
THE GREAT WEHTiCRN EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT RANIJ will play day ar,<l evening.
FIXJItAL if ALL trannfomuid into a fairy like grotto, with canc-ad'tH, geytMsrn, alpine wconory
planted with the rarent of ilov.-um ami exoticH. forming an enclianting wceiie.
THE REILI>ING.S fille<l to ovei-flowing with Exhibitn, eurpaemng any thing of the kind ever
ueen in Pittsburgh.
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC COMFORT.
Which will be nnder the marjagement of a iif>pular caterer, will supply any rcfrenhmentii that
may be demrod, at popular price#.
The managere of tho vario JH RaiiroadH centering in Pittsburgh, apprd ialing the grand work
of the Expohition B<xriety have mvlo UNPRECEDENTED CONCESSIONS in tho reduction of farc«
for excursion**, tho particulars of which will hereafter bo anifcraucod.
General Adm i union to the Exhibition, .... 25 Cents.
Children lean than Twelve Yearn of Aye - - - 15 Cent 6.
E. P. YOUNG, GEN. MANAGER. J. C. PATTERSON,
F- A. PARK. AF«T. MAVAC ER. SECRETARY.
CITY OFFICE, GERMANIA BANK BUILDING, PA.
E. RE I NEMAN K SON, Oyster Packers and GAME Dealers,
B<#le Agen»j4 for the following celebrated and reliable brands of Raw o)'Ht»*ri< :
CANB JAMEM K. «TANMJLITVV SKA HII#K I'IONKEJI BHANI>; W. L KJ.I.IH .NI CO.V KTAK BKAND;
MOOUE Ai BHAIIY'H DEKI* BEA BUANIJ SHELL—J. iV: J. W. RvI* WOUTII'H NEW Y«»NI» 8OITNI»» ;
HE III.EMIT A .lAMIIiHO.t'H CAI'E MAT TSALTH J CAI'T. (iEojIOE A. RAYN'OH*B H« .-SUAK'H CItEKKh
AM* CliEitltv BTO.M;S.
The Betuion for Oysters Ih now open, and from pronei it ludieatlonH the quality nii«l M'ipply
will be good. We will at all thin * be prepared to »hip '.hem iu Cans, TIIIM, or in the Shell, to
any point where there arc faciiliic* lor delivery. The u rcate*t care will tie taken In preparing
OyateiM for *ihlt>ineut. to Innurc, a» fir aa practicable, their delivery in good condition. Our In
rlhtleii lor handling KRESII OYSTERS aie the bent in our ity, having large cooling room and
refrigerator, huilt after the late wt and mont t.pproved 4.U*rn, thereby fully completing our al
readv ample nrrangemetita for llilltig orderH, large or Kl naii. Puitieb <*rdering iroin ua can de
pend on getting strictly frenh Htock at all tline>», a« w< receive by Exprean dally. PI.KAAE HKNI»
FOR Pun K LIST of our well-known above nrauda. which we will a't all UIIICH hupply to the
trade at BALTIMORE PRH EH, frelghta added. We are deteriinued that .our brand* ahull not be
excelled, either in quality or till of can», } >y any other, during the nc.u.on. Elaborate and at
tractive postern furnUhcd L'ratU on af plication.
*A'e take the liberty ol nol citing yot:r patronage, prom in 1 tig that no exertion shall be spared
to maintain the reputation won iu past years. Yours rer pectfully,
E. A 2ST &c 303 ST,
•eptXlm 17!) ÜBEKTI' HTItKKT, IMTTjIHUKOU, PA.
SCHOENECK fit GLOSE~
( Cor. 10th St. &. Penn Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA.,
Mnnufacturira and Dealers, in all kinds of
FURNI URE !
Arc offering this Fall Extraordinary Inducement* to Purchasers.
As they TiiriTiuljcturc evi'iy nrtlcli* In their Hue, tln.-y ar« <-nulilcil to BC*ll UL mui*li lower pricOii
Ibmi 111 y (Itlicr liounu went oIN.w y<,ik. Uu not full to call In bvloru cinuwlic-re,
UU(I examine tlielr large ui.d well ili«iihiyed atf.ort liclit i»l
Parlor, Cbtimber, OlDeo and Ctning Furniture.
Klleheu Furniture ol evirv ilcK rl(>tlon UIWHJ-B on hand. Al»o, MalVebseitoi all ktnd«. fur
niture U'ttUe to older uud guuraulccxl iu every particular. aeplO-yiii
BUTLER. PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER IT, 1870.
ST. JOHN'S CHURCH JUBILEE
THE LAW OF 17 02—THE GERMAN
WAY—THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY
HISTORICAL FACTS THE DECORA
In the month of April 1792, subse
quent to the subjugation of European
troops in America, was enacted a law
that opened out to emigrants the mag- }
nificent territory north and west of the j
Ohio—a territory long previous the
scene of battle between the French ;
and English soldiery. This vast ex- j
pan.-e, so rich in natural resources, so .
promising to the toil of the husbandmen,
at once was peopled by immigrants
from densely packed Germany and
specially from the rugged Westmore
These thrifty Germans bad no sooner
conquered the giants of the forest than,
true to the spirit of their education and
loyal to that Church which had se
cured for them liberty of thought and
act in accord with the dictates of a
pure teaching of the Word of God,
they sought to have their children sep
arated from the great masses of them
that know not God, and have them
engrafted into the church by baptism,
to have the Gospel preached to them,
and the Holy Supper administered in
its purity. With this devotion to their
highest interests, they had among them
as early as the opening of the present
century pastors who faithfully broke to
them the Bread of Life and pointed
out the folly of bartering a soul for a
few narrow acres of land. These
pastors preached faithfully aud as fre
quently as possible, sometimes in the
open groves, sometimes in rude barns,
until a proper house was erected. Not
a few times did those old forests, ig
norant of every harmony save the
warbling praises of birds, and their
own plaintive sighing, reverberate with
new songs—the hymns of the hopeful
in the Faith, which those sturdy flfer
mans, with a devoutness peculiar to
their nation, sang. These hymns,
which they had learned to lisp in in
fancy ami in prattling childhood, formed
in manhood and old age a bond of union
between each other and the Church,
and are to-day the richest legacy to i
the Church. The one doubting this
need but to compare the best hymns
of recent authors with the aged, "Nun
Junket alle Got It " or " Chrixte Hint
Oerechligtiit, or "o'ott ruj'ct Noch" to
This devotion of the German to
his church led to the erection of St.
John's in the years 1828 aud 1829 for
the accommodation of the increasing :
multitudes that assembled time after
time. It was a bold undertaking and i
boldly accomplished. The "Old Stone <
Church," whose fiftieth anniversary
was celebrated on Friday, September :
sth, would be an honor to any congre
gation at the present day. What must >
it have been fifty years ago? It is, 1
in truth, a monument that records the ;
virtue of a people who are to-day too i
often sneered at; it is a monument 1
that teaches our emigrants to the West <
how to prosper a community by honor- '
ing- its God ; it is a monument round I
which the faithful of to-day delighted i
to gather in vast assemblv to recount
the virtues and wisdom of the builders. <
On Thursday evening, the evening
previous to the Day of Jubilee, a ser- :
mon appropriate to the occasion was
preached by Rev. T. U. Roth, of Utiea,
X. Y. The theme was: "The Divinity
of Christ is the foundation of all things
and of the Church."
The Jubilee Day dawned fair and
favoring. The rains of the previous
days instead of dampening the ardor
of au enthused people tempered the
atmosphere and settled the dust. The
elements conspired with the occasion
to perfect the joyous emotions of those
coming to join in the celebration. The
opening service of the day was digni
fied by the solemn act of baptizing a
babe, whose pious mother was about
to migrate to the far West. After this
ceremony was ended, the morning ser
vices were conducted in the German
language by the Kev. Prof. Gilbert,
one of Germany's best Hebrew schol
ars, classmate of the famous Tischen
ilorf, formerly pastor of St. John's
Evangelical Lutheran congregation,
now the revered instructor of Hebrew
ami modern languages in Thiel Col
lege. On these services united voices
that had long been separated, and once
more the old walls re-echoed in gladness
the old choral, "Now thank we all our
After this service the boys from
Prospect with horns, and drums, and
cymbals sounded a call to dinner. It
was a call considerable more harmoni
ous than the shrill voice of some pro
voked dame calling the good man to
the burnt broth. Be it spoken, greatly
to their credit, despite the brevity of
the time consumed in practice and the
various hindrances encountered during
that time, they produced superior har
Heeding the call we surrounded a
table that was lit for a king. Arranged
with consummate skill it was preemi
nently the best of its kind.- In shape
an L, which letter represented the
initial letter of the word Lutheran.
From end to end the fruits of nature
and tin; products of the good house
wife weighed heavily on the uprights,
so heavily that part of the table sank
to the ground. Stacks of pies were
there and huge piles of sandwiches,
with huge cakes, all surrounded with
garlands of flowers deftly woven. The
supply of fowl seemed to indicate that
one Jubilee provided a sadder havoc
in tho poultry yard than a score of
foxes. Though the supply was pro
digious, the opening of many hundred
mouths soon engulfed almost the very
During the general melee at the table
the writer undertook to view the dec
orations, in which, though extensive
without and within, scarce a fault was
found. The rough stone walls of the
front were draped from foundation to
roof with festoons of evergreen, lu
the gable was the old marble slab and
j ST. JOil N'S
I 1829 j
1 Underneath, in large characters en-
cased in green, "1579." Below this
was an enormous garland of gaily col
ored flowers. The effect of this gar
land was splendid. Still lower was a
second festoon, under which, in letters
of gold, was the heartsome word
Within greater taste was displayed.
Without disgusting the eye with an
extravagance of ornament, the great
room presented one decorated whole.
Festoons of living green clung to cor
ner and crevice, upright and pendant.
Upon the wall back of the pulpit hung
a huge cross of gold and silver foil,
in construction almost faultless, and
much resembling the legendary cross
on the Rock of Ages. On the left was
the first line of Luther's famous battle
hymn, '"Kin fe.<te Burg ixt unser
Oott on the right was the opening
line of Martin Rinkert's not less
famous hymn, "Nun dankeialle Cult."
On opposite sides of tlfb building, in
letters of gold, resting on a background
gracefully fringed with green, were the
exceedingly appropriase verses of Scrip
"In the wilderness shall waters
break out, and streams in the desert."
"Thcv that trust in the Lord shall
be as Mount Zion, which cannot be
removed but abideth forever."
The royal benediction, "Peace be
within thy walls and prosperity within
thy palaces," occupied a prominent
space between the doorways.
As the multitude was too immense
lo find room inside, the historian, Rev.
I). Luther Roth, of Lunenberg, Nova
Scotia, to whom the work of collecting
the history had been intrusted, mounted
a buggy and read in a loud clear
voice a history of St. John's Evan
gelical Lutheran Church, Lancaster
township, Pennsylvania. The history
was replete with interesting detail and
amusing incident. According to the
historian, the first Lutheran minister
was one named Moeckenhaupt, who
was a veritable Melchisidec, having no
previous, no subsequent history. The
first organization was made in the year
1820, shortly after the advent of Rev.
Christian Gottlob Schweizerbarth, who
served this people for twenty-nine
years. This organization, originally
called Zion'B Oemiende, was effected
in the barn of John Buechle, Sr. In
the year 1828 material for the erection
of the new edifice was hauled. In
1829 the work of building began, yet
the building was not dedicated until
the third Sunday after Trinity, July
This pastor, who makes the follow
ing quaint record: "In the twenty
seventh year of the reign of Bishop
Schweizerbarth" was a bright and
shining light, whose luster added ra
diance to the glory of the Day of Ju
bilee. There were present about forty
aged, who had been eye witnesses of
tlie events of 1829, and were the glad
objects for whom the Bishop had
labored. With these his menory is
yet green; his deeds they loved to
relate to the bystanders ; with special
fondness did they dwell on the events
of fifty years ago, and looking upon
the hosts that had assembled they glee
fully exclaimed : "This looks like the
times of 'Ole Schweizerbarth.'"
Abundant satisfaction radiated every
countenance. Surely none had reason
to ask for greater joy. As we gazed
at the beaming faces of that day we
pondered on the influence for good of
that single Church. How much of
the contentment and pleasure of the
present day was due to the foresight
of the sturdy yeomanry that laid those
blocks of stone in the name of our
Lord? llow much of the civilization
of the present day emanates from the
seed sown by the faithful "Bishop?"
It was good seed, and much fruit is
ready for the reaper.
St. John's history is yet incomplete.
Her Past is a halo of glory enriching
and crowning her stately walls. Her
Future will be unfolded and made mani
fest to us, as tho misty curtain of time
is drawn aside. May that future be
not less glorious than was the past.
Let us echo and re-echo the silent ben
ediction that met our gaze as we passed
out of St John's. "Peace be within
thy walls and prosperity within thy
SINGULAR TRAGEDY.— On Thursday
evening George Waterfield, a middle
aged painter, was sitting on the porch
in front of Mr. Samuel Clayton's hotel,
at Edge Hill village, when he sud
denly jumped up, walked to the bat
room door, exclaimed that he was shot
and fell dead. A physician who was
called in extracted a minnie rifle ball
which had lodged iu his heart. No
one was seen shooting, nor was the
report of a firearm heard at the hotel,
but after some time a man who came
to the hotel stated that he had seen a
young man named Titus Heilman
shooting with a rifle at Abington Sta
tion, half a mile distant, about the time
of the tragedy. Heilman was sent for
and explained that he was practicing
with a minnie rifle by shooting at a
ball on tho cupola of the engine house
at the station. The distance from the
station to the hotel is variously esti
mated at from one-half to three-quar
ters of a mile, no one putting it under
the former figure. The hotel stands
upon high ground, being not less than
one hundred feet.above the level of
the railroad, and the ball must have
been what is known among marksmen
as a curve shot. Deputy Coroner Fen
ton held an inquest, the jury return
ing a verdict of accidental death.—
THE amount of water passing over
Niagara Falls has been estimated at
100,000,000 tons per hour, and its per
pendicular descent may be taken at 150
feet, without considering the rapids,
which represent a further fall of 150
feet. The force represented by the
principal fall alone amounts to 1 <>,800,-
000 horse-power, an amount which if it
had to be produced by steam would
necessitate an expenditure of not less
than 266,000,000 tons of coal per an
num, taking the consumption of coal at
four pounds per horse-power per hour.
In other words, all the coal raised
throughout the world would barely
suffice to produce the amount of power
that annually runs to waste at this
1 wonderful fall.
WIIA T CONSTITUTES LlliEL f
THE FREEDOM OF THE PLTESS CAN A
MINISTER'S ACTION'S HE CRITICISED,
LIKE ANY OTHER PUBLIC MAN ? THE
CASE OF REV. LLOYD MORGAN.
[Allegheny Mail, Sept. Sth.]
The most interesting libel suit that
has been oil trial for some time is that
of Kev. Lloyd .Morgan vs. the Pitts
burgh Leader. Sessions are being
held day and night in Kittanniug. At
a latv hour on Saturday, the Court ad
journed to meet again this morning.
The prosecution is of unusual interest,
as it brings prominently into public
notice questions concerning the mean
ing of that clause in the Constitution
extending the privileges of the press.
The clause referred to is in section 7,
article 1, of the new Constitution aud
reads as follows :
"No conviction shall be had in any
prosecution for the publication of pa
pers relating to the official conduct of
officers or men in public capacity or to
any other matter proper for public in
vestigation or information where the
faet that such publication was not ma
liciously or negligently made shall be
established to the satisfaction of the
jury, and in all indictments for libel
the jury shall have the right to deter
mine the law and the facts under the
direction of the Court as in other
The defendants claiming that they
can prove the truth of most of their
statements rely upon this law and ex
pect to justify their course both as to
the facts and the absence of malice ami
negligence. Thequestion "Is a preacher
a man engaged in a public capacity
within the meaning of the law was
raised at the very commencement of
It was clear from the great extent of
testimony gotten up by the defend
ants, from their pleadings and from the
opening of Judge Painter that they in
tended to ask for the fullest scope iu
being allowed to prove that the charges
published against the prosecutor were
true, and that they were not published
with any malicious intent. In order to
have a comprehensive and definite rul
ing by the Court the defendants sub
mitted the following offer:
We offer to prove bv the witness on
the stand that the matter alleged to be
libelous was published by him in the
Leader in good faith, without malice
toward the Rev. Lloyd Morgan, min
ister of the gospel, named iu the in
dictment, after careful inquiry and in
vestigation, and upon evidence of the
facts presented to him by reliable men,
such as ministers, deacons, and others
of the Baptist denomination, consisting
in part of church records, letters, news
paper publications, not denied or con
tradicted by tho prosecutor himself.
Also, by sworn affidavits of credible
persons, deacons and members, both
male and female, of churches in which
the prosecutor had been or then was
acting as pastor. Also, by the solemn
statement, in writing, of ministers,
elders and members of the Baptist
church, (some of whom had been mem
bers of a church council that had tried
the prosecutor for offenses against law
and morals) addressed to other Chris
tian churches in this county, and that
the same was compared and published
at the earnest request of such minis
ters, deacons and others for public in
formation and investigation, and not
with a view or intent to injure the said
Rev. Lloyd Morgan as an individual
or otherwise, but for the protection of
the Church, in the interest of religion
and pure morals, by the exposure of
deceit and fraud. This to be followed
by other evidence in proof of the actual
truth of the charges made of the im
proper intimacy of the prosecutor with
women of his own church, of the pro
curation, by the prosecutor, of the pas
toral position and office upon false aud
forged certificates, and under false and
assumed names, and also that, through
and bv means of said recited falsehood
and fraud, that the prosecutor obtained
credit, goods and money from his par
ishoners and others with the intent to
cheat and defraud ; and that, in fact,
he did, through the means and oppor
tunities afforded by his office and posi
tion of pastor, attempt to seduce and
debauch virtuous females, married and
single, and in some instances succeeded.
And this for the purpose of rebutting
the presumption of malice and the tes
timony offered on the part of the Com
monwealth to show malice in faet;
that what the defendants published is
true, but if not true, that it was not
maliciously or negligently made; that
they published it upon proper informa
tion and after careful and thorough in
vestigation, and to sustain the pleas
filed by the defendants in this case.
1. The Commonwealth objects to
the answer in the first paragraph for
the reason that the publication charged
in the indictment is not of and con
cerning the public ministration or pas
toral conduct of the prosecutor, but of
and concerning the Rev. Lloyd Mor
gan as a citizen, distinct from his cler
ical or pastoral relation.
2. The evidence does not touch the
charge laid in the indictment.
That the truth of the facts is not
ndmissablc in evidence under the plead
ings in this case.
4. The proof of fraudulently obtained
goods is not evidence in this case.
f). That the whole evidence proposed
in the offer is irrelevant, important aud
<;. That the evidence offered does
not tend to sustain the pleas.
7. That the opinion of the witness
on the stand is not admissable.but that
the jury are the judges of the charac
ters of the publication from facts not
This offer and objections were ar
gued by Major Brown for the defend
ants and by E. S. Golden and David
Barclay, Esqs., for the Commonwealth.
Judge Neal discussed the questions
at some length and announced his de
cision as follows:
JI DGK MEAL'S DECISION.
It has been decided long since that
Christianity is a part of the common
law of this Commonwealth. It is at
the foundation of the law of all Chris
tian governments. The teaching of
its principles is encouraged by express
law in some of our States ami prac
ticed by general consent in many
others. Churches and Sunday Schools
are established and supported in every
community, and their -ights protected
by law. The public uave a deep in
terest in all that pertains to them. If
immoral teachings, either by direct
example of the pastor in charge, or if
his utterances from the pulpit tend to
corrupt and vitiate the morals of the
public, it strike* at the very principles
that we recognize as part of the founda
tion of our government.
The Constitution has in it a clause
directly referring to the rights and lib
erties of the public press, restraining
it from the undue exercise of the high
power it might otherwise employ, and
at the same time affording an ample
shield to the domestic peace of the cit
izen that it might invade. ,
While it may not be entirely clear
that the prosecutor, who has been se
verely criticised by the articles of de
fendants' newspaper in evidence is
standing in a public capacity, or that
the matter referred to is proper for
public investigation or information, yet
us the jury are by law made the judges
of the law as well as of the facts, and
as these questions, under such instruc
tions as the Court may give, are for
their consideration, it would be a de
nial of justice if it were to appear to
them that the defendants come within
the constitutional privileges and are
debarred from presenting such evi
dence as will tend to show that the
publications were not maliciously and
Under the pleadings, to which the
Commonwealth has not demurred, by
which course the whole responsibility
of decision would have been cast upon
the Court, the defendants ask to show
both the truthfulness and the bona fides
of the publications. We are constrained
to say that evidence to sustain those
pleas should be admitted. If the evi
dence, under the justification, if not
controlled by the privileges extended
by the seventh section of the Declara
tion of Rights, should not be as full
and complete as the charges made, it
would not avail the defendants.
The evidence of the truthfulness of
the charges and the absence of malice
in their preferment would also be im
portant in their bearing upon the duty
of the Court in passing sentences: for
if they have been wantonly, maliciously
or negligently made, and the jury
should so find, it would be a proper
matter for the Court to know to what
extent they have been maliciously or
lightly made. The objections are,
therefore, overruled and the offer re
A MILE A MINUTE.
"How fast do you think we are trav
eling?" Charley Eraser, one of the
oldest engineers of the New York,
Lake Erie and Western Railway, asked
a Sun reporter as they were standing
together on the foot board of Locomo
tive No. 30'.), rushing over the mead
ows toward Rutherford Park.
"I should think we were going
nearly a mile a minute."
"A mile a minute!" said Eraser.
"I doubt if you ever rode a mile a
minute. Few locomotives have driv
ing wheels over five feet, and I have
my doubts if a five-foot wheeler can be
pushed a mile a minute. People have
a very erroneous idea of the speed of
railroad trains. We are not going now
more than 35 miles an hour, and this
is very fast. Few trains make this
speed. The passengers in the cars
would think we were going a mile a
minute sure;, if I was to pull out the
throttle so as to send her forty miles
an hour. The express trains make no
such time as the local trains. Where
we lose is with so many stops. No
man can stand on a platform car and
face the wind going a mile a minute,
and live. The breath would actually
be blown out of his body. You couldn't
count the telegraph poles going a mile
a minute. Talk to an old engineer of
that rate being made by a passenger
train, and he would laugh. I made a
mile a minute once, however. It was
when 1 was but 18 years of age. I was an
engineer then, in charge of a fine six
foot-wheel locomotive. There were a
lot of railroad moguls on bqard, and
the object was to make the best time
we could. They were to ring the gong
when the speed was a mile a minute.
I thought we were making it for some
time before the bell rung. At length,
on a down grade, with a full head of
steam, we were spinning along as if we
were all going to destruction, aud the
motion of the piston going over the
center could no longer be distinguished,
the bell rang. We had reached the
rate of a mile a minute. It was the
fastest I ever rode, before or since. I
tried hard to make a mile a minute on
subsequent miles, but lacked it three
or four seconds every time. I couldn't
squeeze another mile inside of the
sixty seconds. When you hear a man
telling about riding iu a passenger
train that run a mile a minute, don't
say anything, but mentally scratch off
a good allowance.
Two CHRISTIAN NAMES. —The cus
tom of persons bearing two "Christian
names." is of comparatively recent
origin in England. An author, who
has had occasion to search many vol
umes of old country records, and who
has seen "many thousands and tens
of thousands of proper names belong
ing to men of all ranks and degrees,"
says that in no instance, down to the
end of the reign of Anne, has he found
a mention made of any person having
more than one Christian name. The
lirst instance which occurs in the
county records was in 1717, when Sir
Coplestone Warwick Hainlield appears
as a Justice. The first instance which
the same author has met in any other
places are those of ltenry Frederick,
Pari of Arundel, born in 1608, and Sir
Henry Frederick Thyme, created a
baronet in 1911. Both of these appear
to have been named after the eldest
son of James 1., who was born in Scot
land. William 111., who was a Ihitch
inaii, was the first King of Kuglund
who bore two Christian names.
"PATRICK, where is Bridget?" "In
dade, ma'am, she's fu.->t n.-lapc watch
ing the bread baking."
One square. one insertion, $1 ; each ralm
'lieii! insertion,&> cents. Yearly .ailvertiiiemcnta
exceeding one-funrth of a column, f 5 per inch.
wort double these raies; additional
charges where weekly or monthly changes are
ma«le. Loral advertisements 10 cents per line
for rtivt insertion, an.l 5 cents per lino for each
additional in orti m. Matriage* and deaths pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notice* charged
a* advertisements, and payable" when handed in
Audit ore" Notices. ti : Executors' and Adminis
trators' Notices. »3 each; Estray, Caution and
Dissolution Notice*, not exceeding ten lines, U
From the fact that the Crnzn is the oldest
established and most extensively circulated Re
publican newspaper in Bntler county, (a Repub
lican county) it must lie apparent' tw bushiest!
men that it is the medium they should oso In
advertising their business.
THE OLD-FASHIONED GIRL.
[Selected for the Citizen.]
The old-fashioned girl that flourished
thirty years ago was a little girl until
she was fifteen. She used to help her
mother to wash the dishes and keep
the kitchen tidy, and she had an ambi
tion to make pies so nicely that papa
could not tell the difference between
them and mama's; and yet she could
fry griddle cakes at ten years of age,
and darn her own stockings before she
was twelve, to say nothing of knitting
She had her hours of play and en
joyed herself to the fullest extent. She
had no very costly toys, to be sure,
but her baby doll and little bureau aud
chair that Uncle Tom made, were just
as valuable to her as the S2O wax doll
and elegant doll furniture the children
She never said "I can't," and "I
don't want to," to her mother, when
asked to leave her play and run up
stairs or down on an errand, because
she had not been brought up that way.
Obedience was a cardinal virtue in the
old-fashioned little girl.
She rose in the morning when she
was called, aud went out into the gar
den aud saw the dew on the grass, arid
if she livetf in the country, she fed the
chickens and hunted up the eggs for
breakfast. We do not suppose she had
her hair in curl papers, crimping pins,
or had it "banged" over her forehead,
and her flowers were no trouble to her.
She learned to sew by making patch
work, and we dare say she could do
an "over aud over" seam as well as
nine-tenths of grown up women do
The old-fashioned little girl did not
grow into a young lady and talk about
beaux before she was in her teens, aud
she did not read dime novels, and was
fancying a hero in every plow boy she
met. She learned the solid accom
plishments as she grew up. She was
taught the arts of cooking and house
keeping. When she got a husband
she knew how to cook him a dinner.
She was not learned in French verba
or Latin declensions, and her near
neighbors were spared the agony of
hearing her pound out "The Maid
en's Prayer," and "Silver Threads
Among the Gold" twenty times a day
on the piano, but we have no doubt
she made her family quite as comforta
ble as the modern young lady does
hers. It may l>e a vulgar assertion,
and we suppose that we are not exactly
up with the times, but we honestly
believe, and our opinion is based on
considerable experience and no small
opportunity for observation, that when
it comes to keeping a family happy
a good cook and housekeeper is to be
gratly preferred to an accomplished
scholar. When both sets of qualities
are found together, as they sometimes
are, then is the household orer which
such a woman has control blessed.
The old-fasbioncd little girl was
modest in her demeanor, and she never
talked slang or used by-words. She
did not laugh at old people or make
fun of cripples, as we saw some modern
girls doing the other day. She had
respect for elders, and was not above
listening to words of counsel from those
older than herself. She did not think
she knew as much as her mother, and
that her judgment was as good as her
She did not go to parties by the
time she was ten and stay till after
midnight playing euchre and dancing
with any chance young man who hap
pened to be present.
She went to l)ed in season, and
slept the sleep of innocence, and rose
up in the morning happy aud capable
of giving happiness.
And if there be an old-fashioned
little girl in the world to-day may
heaven bless her and keep her, and
raise up others like her.
.Mu. HAMLIN ANI> PRESIDENT LlN
COLN.—Senator Hamlin says that
while Vice-President his relations
with Mr. Lincoln were always amica
ble; Mr. Lincoln often consulted him.
"I was always more radical than ho
was," says Mr. Hamlin; "I was urg
ing him ; he was holding back on bis
problems„and he was the wiser, proba
bly, as events prove. I desired to arm the
blacks and to issue the proclamation
sooner than he did, and was always for
urging. I was the first person he ever
showed the proclamation to. I saw it
before In; submitted it to the Cabinet.
He met me one day and said, 'Whero
will you be this evening?' 'I am going
out of town,' I replied. 'No, you are
not, sir.' 'lndeed, I am sir, unless
you command me.' 'Well, Ido com
mand you. I want you to spend the
evening with me at the Soldiers'
Home.' I met him at the Executive
Mansion, and we started to drive to
the Home. As soon as we had started,
he drew from his pocket the rough
draft of the proclamation, and read it
over to me. Naturally 1 was delighted
and told him so. He was much moved
at the step he was taking."
BOSTON CORBETT, who shot John
Wilkes Booth, was out scouting in a
squad, near Drainsville, Va., during
the war. They were suddenly sur
rounded by Mosby's command, and
every man belonging to the scouting
party was either killed or wounded or
taken prisoner, except Corbett, who
ensconced himself in a hole in tho
ground, and kept up such a fusilado
with his carbine and two pistols that
IK? kept the whole of Mosby'scommand
at bay, and caused that leader to re
mark, "That man deserves to escape,"
and he did. •
A SUBSCRIBER to a southwestern
newspaper died recently, leaving four
years' subscription unpaid. The edi
tor appeared at tin* grave and deposited
in the coflui a palm leaf fan, a linen
coat and a thermometer.
"WHAT" asks a correspondent,
"causes the hair to come out ?" Be
fore we answer we must know whether
you are married or single. This is im
portant to a true understanding of tho
SPORTSMEN should remember that
l>y 11 special legislative enactment it ia
criminal to shoot quail for one your,
Trorn November 1, 1879.
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