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Ter year, in advance W SO Otherwise - \o snhfcription will be discontinued until all arrearage* are paid. Postmasters neglecting to not'rv iu when cubfcriben! do not take out their pa lift; will be held liable for the subscription. Subscribers removing from one ixwtoffice to another should give us the name of the former aa well as the present office. All communications intended for publication In this pai>er must bo accompanied by the real lian.e of the writer, not for publication, but aa a guaiantee of good faith. Marriage and death notices must be accompa nied bv a responsible name. Address THE BVTIIER CITIZESt BUTLER. PA. TRAVELEBS' GUIDE. BUTLER, KAICNS CITT AXD FAHKEB HAILBOAD (Butler Time.) Trains leave Butler for St. Joe, Milleretown, K rus City, Petrolio, Parker, etc., at 7.25 a. m., ami 2.05 and 7.20 p. m. [See below for con nections with A. V R. R. | Trains arrive at Butler from the above named _ points at 7.15 a. in., and 1.55, and 0.55 p. m." The 1.55 tiain connects with train on the West Penn ro'id through to Pittsburgh. Sunday trains arrive at 10 55 a. m. and 3.55 p. m., and leave at 11.10 a. m. and 4.10 p. m. SHENANOO AND ALI.EOHENT KAILIIOAD. Trains leave Hilliard's Mill, Butler eounty, for Harrisvllle, Greenville, etc., at 7.10 a. in. nnd 12.20 and 2.20 p. m. Stages learc Petrol-a at 5.30 a. m. lor 7.40 train, and at 10.00 a. m. lor 12 20 train. Return states leave Hiiliard on arrival of trains at 10.27 a. in. and 1.50 p. in. Stasc leaves M.utiusburg at 9.30 for 12.30 train. r. f. c., A L. E. R. B. Tlio morning train leaves Zelienople at 6 11. Ilarmonv G. 16 and Evausburg at 6.3:1, arriving at Etna Station at 8.2 i). and Allegheny at 9 01. The afternoon tram leaves Zelienople at 1.26, Harmony 1.31, Evansbnrg 1.53. arriving at Etna BUt)on at 411 and Allegheny at 4.46. Trr.ins coii'iecting at Etna Station with this road leave Allegheny at 7.11 a. m. and 3.51 p. m. I By ..'il at Sliarpsbn-ir nation and crossing the bridge to the A. V. R. R., geis on the morning train can reach the Union depot at'.) o'clock. PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.) Market at 5.11 a. iu., goes through to Alle gheny, ar.ivlng at 9.01 a. m. This train con i ecu at Free port v.itb Free port Accommoda tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in., railroad time. Express at 7.21 n. m , connecting at Butler Junction, without change of cr.rg, at 8.26 witii Express west, arriving In Allegheny at 9.58 a. in., nnd Express east arriving at Blairsviile at ll '-Oa. m. railroad time. Mail at 2.5HJ p. m., connecting at Butler Junc tions ithout charge ol ear*, with Express west, arriving in Allegheny at 5 2ti p. HI., and Ex press ensi arriving at Blairsville Intersection at t;.10 p. in. railroad time, which connects W'th Philadelphia Kxpre.g east, when on time. Sunday Us pros at 4.0# p. m., goes through to Allegheny, arriving at 0.06 p. in. The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blalrsville at 11.05 a m. with the Mail east, and the 2.36 p. m. Iraiu at o.s'j with the Philadelphia Ex press cast. Trains arrive at Butler on West Penn R. R. at 9.51 a. RI., 5.06 and 7.11 p. in.. Butler time. The 9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on the Butler A Parker R. R. Sun ay train arrives at Bulle- at 11.11 a. ra., connecting with train lor Parker. Main Line. Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the Easr'. at 2.56 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 ar.d 8.06 p. in., arriving at Philadelphia itt 3.40 and 7.20 JI. in. and 3.00, 7.O'J and 7.40 a. til.; at Baltimore about the name time, at New York three hours later, and at Washington about one and a half hours later. FINANCIAL, oifi i (Mnnn} inWi " B ' o °k 8 vhlu 10 uUlll n ' akeß fortnnes ever * y Y J month. Book sent free ex plaining everything. Address BAXTER H. CO., Bankers, cct9 7 Wall street, N. Y. Guaranteed Investments By our Insurance System of Investments in Ptcck 0| erntlons we insure indemnity Irom loss. No "Marginal" or '•Privilege" plans, in vestments received in snnis ol f2sand upward. Correspondence from itock operators solicited. Addles#, DA MIS MAYNAKI) CO., sept24-lin 58 Broadway, N Y. PHYSICIANS. JOHN H BYEIIS, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, iuy2l-ly] BUTLER, PA. EDUCATIONAL. Allegheny Collegiate Institute VOK YOUNG LADIES. ALLRGUGNV CITY. 30 Stocklou Avr. Rev. THO3. C. STRONG, D. D.. President. Will open on MONDAY, BEPTEM BEK Bth. School hours from !) A. M. to 1 30 i'. M. Its con venient di»lau<c from the depots will permit pupil* living outside lh" city lo letnrn home each day, thus saving expense for lioard. Fur circulars address promptly as above. nng'i7-2m Pennsylvania Female College. EAST END, PITTSBURGH. A flrst class College for women, educational standard high. Advant: ges complete. Most deiightfnl situation in the whole country.— Terms quite moderate Opens SEPTEMIIKH lOrn. Address Mits HELEN E. PEI.I.ETKEAU, jljf!o 2m Acting President. DENTISTS. DENTISTRY." 0 1/ WALimON. Onduate ol the Phil is ndelpliia Dental College,ls prepared • •to do anj thing in the line of hi* profe* lon In a satisfactory manner. OlHce oil Main street, Butler, Union Block, up stairs, apll INSURANCE. BUTLER COUNTY Mutual Fire Insurance Co. Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts. G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT. WM. CAMPBELL, TRBASOHKR. 11. C. IIEINEMAN, SECRETARY. DIRECTORS: J. L. Purvis, E. A. Ilelmboldt, William Campbell, J. W. Buikhnrt, A. Troutinan, Jacob Schoene, G. O. Koessing, John Caldwell, Dr. W. lrvln, Samuel Marshall, J. W. Christy H. C. Helneman. JAS. T- M'JUNKIN, Gen, As't- BTTTLER PA. BANKS. Till: IIIITLRR = SAVINGS BANK 11 U 'l* 13 11. r» A. NKARI.Y OPPOSxTK LOWKY HOUSE. CAPITAL STOCK 60,000. War. CAMPTIKLI., JAM. D. AUDP.USO*, President. Vice President. W*. CAMPBF.LI., Jr., Cashier. OIRKCTORtf William Campbell, J. W. Irwin, .Itt. D. Anders.in, Ooovge Weber, Joseph L. Purvis. Does a Oeneral Banking A Exchange business. Interest piid on time deposits. Collections made and iirompt returns at low rates of Exchange. Oold Exchange and Government Bonds bought and sold. Commercial paper, bonds, Judgment •rid othersecnritles bought at fair rates 1a20:ly NI(3K CRILEV. PHOTOGRAPHER. (In old Bam Syken Oallery,) <locl 1-ly BUTLER, PA. VOL. XVI. DON'T YOU BUY YOUR BOOTS & SHOES Until You Have First Examined the Styles, Stock and Prices A. T B. C. HUSELTON'S. His entire Fall and Winter stock is just opening at very low figures. This stock is unusually large in Men's, Boys' and Youth's Kip and Calf Boots, Grain Napoleon Boots, Rubber Boots, Brogans and Plow Shoes, Women's' Misses' and Children's Calf and Kip (unlined) Shoes. His Stock In Finer Lines is always large, embracing all the Latest Novelties in Boots and Shoes- Old Ladies' Warm Shoes a Specialty. A FULL ASSORTMENT OF LEATHER and FIPTDINGS. jsjgT"*Thcse goods are all made by the very best manufacturers, and I will guarantee them to give the best of satisfaction. Call and examine my stock and prices. . 13. C. HUSELTQy. ~ NEW BOOT 3 SHOE STOBE, IJM(» block, Main Street, - - - - Butler, Pa- Has received his entire stock ol J •' ~ PALL AND WINTER BOOTS & SHOES. • As I have an unusually large and attractive stock of BOOTS & SIIORS just opening, embracing all the newest styles, I invite the atteution and close scrutiny of buyers. Men's Kip and Calf Boots very cheap. Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in endless variety, and at bottom prices. Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock. Parties wanting BOOTS & SHOES made to order can do no letter than by ine, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ. I also keep a large stock of LEATHER and FINDINGS. All goods warranted as represented. AIJ. RUFF* l*n>. THE THIRD 1H79- Pittsburgh Exposition. Will open at tliclr Buildings and Orcunda in tho City of Allegheny, September 4tli, 1879, and continne open Day and Evening, Sundays excepted, to OCTOBER 11th, 1879. Greater attractions this than any previous year. A perfect reflex of the .<% a«tw, liaduMtry, <.'nltuw> <a»«■ Will be displayed with a prodigality never before attempted in this City. NEW AID NTAUTLIXU ATTRACTIONS. TIIK COLT.OSMAL MAMMOTH, or Hiberlan Elephant, standing 16 feet high and 20 feet in length ; together with an immense collection of Wild Beasts and Skeletons, Minerals and Fossils, have been secured at enormous expense from the Museum of Prof. Ward, at llochester; N. Y. PltOF. GEO. It. CROMWELL. The Famous American Traveler, will give Illnsl rat ions each evening, illustrating tho beauties of European and American scenery, the most famous statuary of the Old World, livaling tho wondrous beauties of nature, and the splendors of nations in groat variety. CAPT. BOGARDUB A SON, Champion Shot Gun and Itille shots of the World, will shoot Day and Evening, from SBITKMIIKH 18th to OCTOBKR 2nd. A GHAND SHOOTING TOURNAMENT for Prizes, previous to arid after the engagement of Capt. Bogardus and Son. A QUARTER MILE BICYCLE TRACK on the enlarged grounds has been constructed for daily tournamonts and races. THE ET.ECTIIIC LIGHT will illuminate Foral Hall and the Grounds each evening. THE GREAT WESTERN EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT BAND will play day and evening. FLORAL HALL tiansformed into a fairy like grotto, with cascades, goysers, alpine sconery planted with tho rarest of flower* and exotics, forming an enchanting scene. THE BUILDING 3 filled to overflowing with Exhibits, surpassing any thing of the kind ever seen in Pittsburgh. DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC COMFORT. Which will he under the management of a popular caterer, will supply any refreshments that may be desired, at popular prices. EXCURSION RATES. The mnnagers of the various Railroads centering in Pittsburgh, appreciating tae grand work of the Exposition Society have made UNPRECEDENTED CONCESSIONS in tho reduction of fares for excursions, the particulars of which will hereafter be announced. General Admixxion to the Exhibition, .... 2fi Cents. Children lens than Twelve Years of A<je - - - 15 Cents. E. P. YOUNG, Gr.ji. MAKAOBB. J. C. PATTERSON. F. A. PARK, ASST. MASAIJEH. SECUKTABY. • CITY OFFICE, GERMANIA BANK BUILDING, PITTDBUBGH, I'A. DA VIES & EVANS, MERCHANT TAILOKS, -XJ-L J«JE sm. JEW WCMZ'M.'m J- *»*T VJE.KB. HAVE JUST RECEIVED A CHOICE SELECTION^OF Domestic Goods. All onr Goods arr ; new and of the latest designs. We are both PRAC TICAL TAILORS, keep thoroughly posted in all that pertains to the art, and arts thus enabled to guarantee to our patrons perfect satisfaction in neat ness of fit, elegau'ee of style and excellence of workmanship. SCHOENECK & GLOSE, Cor. 10th St. &. Penn Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA., Manufacturer!! and Dealers In all kinds of . FURNITURE! Are offering this Fall Extraordinary Inducements to Purchasers. A* they manufacture every article in their line, they arc enabled lo tell at much lower price* than m y otluT liouac went of N«rw York, Do not fail to call In bclorc purchasing elsewhere, and examine their large and well displayed assortment ol Parlor, Chamber, Office and Dining Furniture. Kitchen Furniture of every description ulwaya on hand. Alio, Mattresses ol ull kinds. Fur niture trade to order nnd «atit>taction guaranteed in every particular. seplO Jtn BUTLER, PA„ WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1879. "PROSPECTING." ADVICE TO THOSE WHO CONTEMPLATE ENGAGING IN MINING. A correspondent of the Chicago Times, who has spent eighteen months in the mining regions of Colorado, gives some good advice to prospective prospectors. He says: "There is no doubt that next spring will witness A NEW RUSH of wealth-seekers from the overcrowded East to these wealth-bearing regions of the West. To endeavor to regulate and restrain this rush, to give shape and direction to this inevitable tide, is not only an act of charity toward the "tender-feet" themselves, but one of absolute self-defence on the part of those already here, to dissuade persons mentally or physically incapable of enduring discomfort, hardship and dis couragement, from burdening the place with their useless presence. "Don't be in a headlong hurry; don't get into a frenzy of fear that you will be too late in getting here. There is absolutely no limit, at least for a couple of centuries to come, to the mineral wealth of these mountains. That the mineral exists is as certain as the mathematical demonstration of any fact can make it certain. That Lead ville and its immediate vicinity are hopelessly overcrowded, both by pros pectors and capitalists, is equally cer tain ; but all the rest of this vast State of Colorado is as yet hardly in the first stages of development. Our children and our children's children and their children after them will find here ample fields for exploration and discovery. "Whether you come here to seek for days' work or to prospect on a small scale, DON'T COME WITHOUT MONEY. "Even the hardiest laborer will not be able to find work always to his hand. He may have to wait a week, or he may have to go from place to place in search of it, and although the hospitality of the miner is proverbial, it has become in a great degree ex hausted by overtaxation during the past year. Prospectors had better make themselves up in groups of three with capital enough to find themselves in possession, at Pueblo, of at least SSO each—sloo apiece would be bet ter; but the former sum will do with economy. Leave all your dandy-fine clothing, paper collars, white shirts, and patent leathers behind you. There is neither place nor appreciation for them here. The roughest wearing apparel you can lay hands on will secure you more hearty respect than would the finest suit that a Chicago tailor ever put on the back of a man. Leave all your epicurean tastes behind you, too. If you have a fancy palate, an exacting tast for culinary dainties, and cannot learn to wait upon your self, stay at home, for the' Lord's sake. You would only be a burden to your self and a nuisance to every body around you. Your CHIEF ARTICLES OF DIET will be flour, coffee, bacon, sugar. "The flour will be turned into flap jacks made on the frying-pan, or into soda bread baked in a portable oven. The bacou you will have fried twenty one times a week; coffee ditto, pre pared in a style very different from that of your favorite restaurant. If you are in luck you may once in a while chance upon a carcass of venison or a supply of fresh beef in a passing wagon, or vegetables; but as a rule you will have to put up with the four articles I have first named. Up in the morning with the first streak of dawn, you start your lire, clap on your coffee pot, saw your bacon up in chunks, prepare your can of batter for your fried cakes, wash up the dishes— if you should have been too lazy or tired to wash them the night before— and lay out the table. When you come in at noontime, tired and hungry, the same work is before you; and again in the evening, when supper being over you will have about time to smoke a pipe before you roll yourself up in your blankets and tumble off to sleep, as soon as your unaccustomed ribs accommodate themselves to the bare boards of your bunk. Add to this that you will have to do your own washing and mending and patching and the picture is about complete. And now how do you like it ? Think well on it. Dirt, discomfort, scanty and monotonous food, hard work and exposure to danger from accidents, mostly the result of inexperience, have ull to be encountered and endured patiently —a grumbler in the mining camp runs more risk of sudden death than a brawler in a gambling hell; he is harder to endure than all the nec essary evils put together. If you have the grit to stand all this, come on! You are made of the stuir that com mands success. "I have recommended bunches of three for PROSPECTING, for this reason—one man to dig and shovel out the dirt in tin? shaft, and two at the windlass. One man at the latter will get along well enough until you get down about fifteen feet. After that depth two will be necessary ; and in the beginning the men will find their hands full anyway in getting things into working ami tolerably comfortable shape. "As to climate I have never had an hour's ill-health here; nor have 1 ever known anybody to lie sick here who let whisky alone. 1 have been to Leadville and worked there during the months of February and March, when it snowed three days out of seven and froze all tho time, and I enjoyed first rate health. Yet Leadville was spoken of as exceptionally unhealthy, but I found by personal observation that whisky was the root of all the mor tality there. The only distress I suf fered at that high altitude I suffered in common with everybody else—short ness of breath. But at this lower leyel, 4,000 feet below Leadville, I do not suffer now even from that annoy ance. ! "If you want to buy a mine, don't i do it till you go and see it. Hut if you know a man who is going to these mineral fields, or who is already there, und you have confidence in his pluck and honesty, you may invest in his hands SSO or SIOO for a share in his venture. Your investment may bring you in a handsome fortune, or, it may prove a total loss. Anyway it is the safest and cheapest way you can in dulge your fancy for DABBLING IN MINING STOCKS. But don't have anything to do with parties who send circulars offering to locate claims, or allot partnerships for you ; in all human probability you will never hear more of your money. A case in point is that of the notorious Edward A. Eggleston, now in jail in Pueblo. This rascal had his head quarters at Rosita, a neighboring camp to this. From there lie sent his circu lars all over the L T nited States, gath ering in his victims from New Orleans to Boston, until he shot Connet, one day last April, for revealing to an east ern capitalist the fact that he (Eggles ton) had raised an assay paper on one of his worthless shafts from one to one thousand ounces per ton. The people of Rosita arc so embittered against him that they openly declare they will hang him themselves if a Pueblo jury lets him come back amongst them. A MINING CLAIM is fifteen hundred feet along the course of a mineral vein, by three hundred feet wide, or about ten and one-third acres superficial. To locate a claim it is only necessary to put a stake up bearing the name you have a fancy to eall it, the date, the direction by a com, pass of its course, and your own name. This stake holds it free from tres passers for sixty days. An assess ment shaft, which means ten feet deep by six feet long by four feet wide, holds it against all comers for twelve months, and leaves you at liberty to sink upon other claims, or, should you be out of money or grub, to go seek employment whereby to earn means to carry on the war. A REMARKABLE PARROT. The curious and surprising aptness with which trained parrots have some times seemed to answer people, has even suggested the question whether these birds do not possess intelligence of words as well as the power to speak them. No less a philosopher than the celebrated John Locke thought the following worthy of a place in his great "Essay on the Human Under standing He quotes the story from Sir Wm. Temple's Memoirs of what passed in Christendom from 1372 to 1079. Sir William Temple says, "I had a mind to know from Prince Maurice's own mouth the account of a common but much credited story that I had heard so often from many others, of an old parrot he had in Brazil during his government there, that spoke, and asked, and answered questions like a reasonable creature, so that those of his train there generally concluded it to be witchery or possession." lie accordingly asked Prince Mau rice about the matter, who told him that having heard of the parrot he sent for it, and that when it was brought into the room where he was, with a great many Dutchmen about him, it presently exclaimed, "What company of white men are here!" They asked what it thought that man was, pointing to the Prince. The parrot answered, "some general or other." When they brought it close to him, he asked, "Whence come you ?" It answered, "From Marinnan." The Prince then said, "To whom do you belong?" The parrot replied to a Por tuguese." The Prince asked, "What do you do there?" The parrot said, "I look after the chickens." The Prince laughed and said, "You take care of the chickens?" The parrot replied, "Yes, and I know well enough how to do it," and began to cluck like a hen calling chickens. The parrot appears only to have been a well trained bird, accustomed to say certain things, and ready to say them, but them only, on occasions such as arose from the presence of the Prince and his attendants, and the questions ad dressed to it. How COFFEE CAME TO BE USED.— It is somewhat singular to trace the manner in which arose the uso of the common beverage of coffee, without which few persons, in any half or fully civilized country in the world, make breakfast. At the time Columbus discovered America it had never before been known or used. It grew only in Arabia and Upper Ethiopia. The discovery of its use as a beverage is ascribed to the superior of a monas tery in Arabia, who, desirous of pre venting the monks from sleeping at their nocturnal services, made them drink the infusion of coffee, upon the reports of shepherds who observed that their flocks were more lively af ter browsing on the fruit of the plant. Its reputation spread through the ad jacent countries, and in two hundred years it reached Paris. A single plant, brought there in 1714, became the parent stock of all the French plantations iu the West Indies. The Dutch introduced it into Java and the East Indies. The extent of the consumption now can hardly be realized. The United States alone annually consume it at the cost, on its landing, of from sls - to $1 fi,000,000. SENATOR BLAINE has on excellent memory. While Secretary Sherman was speaking at Waterville a few days ago, Blaine was moving around in the crowd, when somebody said : "Senator, 1 want to introduce you to Mr. Ferge son." "Why!" exclaimed Blaine, heartily grasping the farmer by the hand, "I don't need to IHi introduced to Mr. Fergeson unless he has forgot ten me. The last time I saw you," he continued, squinting his fye up at the farmer in a way that is peculiar to him, "you drove me with your team across from Albino to Waterville, and a mighty good team you had. Did you ever break that off horse o' jump ing? Let's see, that was in 18IJ9, I'll never forget that ride. How are Mrs. Fergeson and the girls? Did that boy of yours ever make out any thing with his patent?" Tho Ferge son family is solid for Senator Blaine for next year. STORIES OF A MILLIONAIRE. DANIEL DREW, SIRSTITUTE, CATTLE DRIVER, STOCK SPECULATOR, METHO DIST AND BANKRUPT. For forty years Daniel Drew was the most grotesque figure in Wall street. He was in middle life when he gave "the boys" his first "pints" on "sheers." When a raw country lad he began to drive cattle from his native village to the New York market, and ) subsequently opened a stockyard, kept a tavern and made a fortune in the , steamboat business. Shrewd and illit erate, reckless and timid, good-natured anu unscrupulous, sometimes generous j and always treacherous, he made from j five to fifteen millions out of friend and ! foe, only to lose them all and die a bankrupt. If Hogarth could have lived in Wall street during the past forty years "Uncle Dan'l," with seamed face and twinkling eyes, with the stealthy tread of a cat and the bland air of a country deacon, would have been the central figure in his cartoons. He was in his seventeenth year— the same age at which Cornelius Yan derbilt borrowed SIOO of his mother, bought a boat and began to ferry mar ketmen from Staten Island to the Bat tery. Daniel Drew did not borrow his small capital, he earned it by enlisting as a substitute in the State militia, which had been called into service. The regiment was called to Fort (ianse voort, on the Hudson river, opposite New York. About three months after his enlistment hostilities ceased be tween the United States and Great Britain, and the regiment was mus tered out. "I want my substitute money, mother," said he one morning after his return to the farm. "I am going to buy cattle and sell them in New York." "Are you sure you will not lose money by it ?" Mrs. Drew was as sagacious and cautious as the mother whom Commodore Vanderbilt de lighted to honor all his life long. "I am sure I shall make money." . He did make money from the start, but he had to work terribly hard for it. He was in the saddle day and night, purchasing cattle in Putnam and Dutch ess counties anil driving them to the city after nightfall. He was an excel lent judge of cattle and a shrewd buyer. When his competitors began to multiply and cut down his profits he enlarged his field of operations by making Ohio a base of supply. He needed capital and he had no securities to oiler for loans. He went to Henry Astor, John Jacob Astor's brother, the Fulton Market butcher, who had re cently retired from business. "I'll take the risk," said the capitalist, after tiic plait had been unfolded. It seemed to be a foolhardy, crack-brained scheme. It took nearly sixty days to drive cat tle from Ohio across the Allegheny Mountains to New York. Out of a drove of 800 head 200 or 300 would frequently be lost on the way in the forests and mountain fastnesses. Cat tle, however, were exceedingly cheap in the Ohio Valley, and Drew's profits were so large that he was able in a few years to repay the borrowed money and to extend his operations to Ken tucky and Illinois. He is said to have been the first man to drive cattle over the Allegheny Mountains. During the last year or two Mr. Drew spent ti considerable part of his time iu the city. Mr. Drew was, per haps, the oldest looking man in Wall street. His eyes never lost their fire, but his face was seamed and scraggy. Some of the veterans say that lie used to drive down to his office in a one horse chaise, looking for all the world like a country minister. He dressed plainly, if not shabbily. His ward robe is valued in the bankruptcy sched ule at SIOO, exclusive of a great Seal skin overcoat worth $lf)0. Kven as a millionaire he had the tastes and habits of a drover. Mis dry, sedate manner seldom varied. Stock speculators were "the boys," and the victim who came to him for "pints on some sheers" was "my son." He talked with a nasal twang, like a countryman. "Stop speckerlatin ; don't tech Erie with no margin," was the consoling remark, which, if rumor may be trusted, he made to some Methodist brethren who had taken "pints" and lost their mar gins. While his wife was living, his house, at Union Square and Fast Sev enteenth street, was always open to Methodist clergymen and laymen. In the schedule of his personal property is the entry, "Bible, hymn books, etc., $150." His temperament made him a "bear;" lie was as short-sighted as Commodore \ andcrbilt wasfar-sighted; he aimed at immediate rather than ulti mate results. "Yaas, I skinned the boys," he used to say. In the end he was "skinned" himself. THEY WILL NEED OUR WHEAT.— Unless there is gross exaggeration in the estimates of tin; Paris bulletin des /Inlies, tho French purchases of foreign wheat for the harvest year will be on a scale without precedent during any year of peace. An esti mated deficiency of some 50,000,000 bushels to be supplied almost exclu sively liy this country involves an in credible advance on the 4,500,000 bushels exported to France in IJS77-78, even assuming that as much more was* sent by way of England. During the last fiscal 3'ear the exports of wheat and wheat flour from the United States reached a total equivalent to I <>0,000,- 000 bushels. About three-fourths of that quantity found its way to Great Britain and her colonial possessions. For the current fiscal year our wheat exports can hardly fail to reach 200,- 000,000 bushels, with a proportionate increase on other descriptions of bread stuffs. For the last fiscal year our exports of cereals were over 25 per cent, greater in value than tin? ex ports of cotton. For the year ending with next June the excess will bo at least 50 per cent., and wheat alone, which very nearly equalled cotton last year, will fairly take its place as King. —"Why don't you spend your money at home asked a kindly city missionary of a hardened frequenter of gin mills. "Do you 'spose my wife runs a bar ?" retorted the jierson ad dressed. LINCOLN AND DAN. 11 ICE. That veteran showman, Dan. Rice, is on a professional tour through Illi nois, and a rural Republican editor there, whose loyalty has been touched by some of his ring witticisms, calls hint "one of those bitter and aggres sive Democrats known in antebellum days as 'fire-eaters.' " Though Dan's politics are of very little consequence to himself or anybody else, it is only fair to say that he claims to be "an Old-line Whig." Whether it was this demotion to the dead party which roused Mr. Lincoln's sympathies, or, what is more likely, he wanted to draw upon the inexhaustible fund of fun for which Dan is so famous it is certain they were always warm personal frieuds. And, singularly enough, this friendship, which began probably in Lincoln's early days, was continued by hint after he Ix'came President, and when it might be sup posed the pressure of care and respon sibility would drive all circus memories out of his mind. Whenever Rice visited Washington with his show during the gloomy years from 1861 to 1865, he was invited to come to the White House after the evening per formance, and usually the Presidential carriage was waiting for him, so that he might get there as soon as possible. Lincoln received him in his private olliee, and all ceremony being laid aside, the two would exchange stories and jokes, live over by-gone time and scenes in which the humorous pre-, dominated, and have a mutually re freshing season of it. On one of these occasions, when, as usual, orders had been given to admit nobody, a card was brought up. Lincoln rebuked the servant for the unwelcome interference, and then 'looking at the card, said, "Well, Dan, there's no help for it ; we must let him in. He's a big bug from Massachusetts, and it won't do to deny him now that he's sent in his name. Hut you stay, and I'll soon get rid of him." Accordingly, in a few minutes a genuine representative of the highest respectability of Boston made his appearance, and saluting the President with profound dignity, an nounced himself as a committee ap pointed to present a set of resolutions lately passed at a large Republican meeting in his State. These resolu tions, as Lincoln knew, embodied a rather severe criticism of Administra tion policy, at that time too mild to suit the Massachusetts "stalwarts." Listening attentively to the prelimi nary remarks of the Boston gentle man, he took the paper, but without making any reply to the contents or the comments, said: "Beg pardon, Mr. , but before we proceed further let me introduce to you my particular friend, Mr. Dan. llice." Dan. stood up and delivered his best bow, but the committee was struck dumb with amazement and indignation. To be introduced to a circus clown by the President of the United States was too much for him. He grew red in the face, stared first at one and then at the other, and then, at last managing to stammer out a few words of leave taking. departed in haste. As the door closed upon him, Lincoln turned to Rice with a heavy laugh, and said : "Dan, wasn't that well done? Didn't it take the wind out of him nicely ?" Dan. admitted that it was a perfect success, and the interrupted conversa tion was resumed with renewed zest. This anecdote—the authenticity of which is unimpeachable—ought to put Dan. Rice's loyalty far'beyond all sus picion, and he can afford to defy Re publican malice now, henceforth and forever. LONGEST BEARD IN THE WORLD.— Our correspondent in Norwich, Con necticut, writes that there is a man in that city who probably wears the longest beard of any man ifi the world. His name is Henry C. Cook, a tailor by trade. lie never makes a display of his beard, but wears it concealed in a little bag under his shirt-bosom. The beard is six feet six inches in length, and, when allowed to fall its length, it will reach to his toes and stretch out on the lloor ten inches, and looks like a large skein of brown silk. It was six inches longer than at pres ent, but a short time ago he trimmed it off to its present length. Mr. Cook says it has boen growing about twenty one years. A year ago I'. T. Barnum called on him and tried to induce him to travel with his show, but Mr. Cook's modesty and the desire of his wife that he should not accept Bar num's liberal offer, induced him to reject it. In speaking of Cook in con nection with the man with a long beard in Michigan, Barnum said Cook's was by far the longest and finest of the two. Mr. Cook often shows his beard to visitors, but is not in the habit of making a great parade over it. The truth of these state ments can be substantiated by calling on him at his place of business.— Jl ox tail Herald. THE SIZE OK OUR GREAT LAKES.— The latest measurements of our fresh water seas are as follows: The greatest length of Lake Superior is 335 miles ; its greatest breadth is 169 miles; mean depth, 688 feet; ele vation, 627 feet; area, 82,000 square miles. The greatest length of Lake Michi gan is 300 miles; its greatest breadth is 108 miles; mean depth, 690 feet; elevation, 506 feet; area,23,ooosquare miles. The greatest length of Lake Huron is 200 miles; its greatest breadth is 169 miles; mean depth, 600 feet; ele vation, 271 feet; area, 20,000 square miles. The greatest length of Lake Erie is I 2. r >o miles; its greatest breadth is 80 j miles ; its mean depth is 84 feet; ele | vation, 555 feet; area, 6,000 square miles. The greatest length of Lake On tario is 189 miles ; its greatest breadth, ! 65 miles; its mean depth is 500 feet; | elevation, 261 feet; area, 6,000 square miles. The length of all live is 1,274 miles, 1 covering an area upward of 137,000 | square miles | —No legacy so rich as honesty. ADVERTISING KATES, Ono square. ono insertion, *1; each subse quent insertion, 60 cents. Yearly advertisements i Figure work double th»fa ratos; additional ehargos where weekly or monthly changes are made. Locil advertisements 10 cents per lino for tirst insertion, and S cents per line for each additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub iiaked froe of charge. Obituary notices charged »s advertisements, and payable when liandod m Auditors' Notice*. $4 ; Executors' and Adminis traters' Notices, ?3 each: Estray, Caution and Dissolution Noticed, not exceeding ton lines, $3 each. From the fact that the CITIZEN is the oldest established and most extensively circuiated Re publican newspaper in Cutler county, (a Repub lican county; it muit be apparent to business men that it is the medium they should use in advertising their business. NO. 44. THE NOBLE JACKASS. The Syracuse Herald says: John A. Rockafellow writes from Arizona to a friend in this city an account of a very amusing adventure he recently had with a cinnamon bear. The latter is a very ugly customer to close with, but our friend was delivered in the most unexpected manner, as will be seen by the following: "Last night I was coming up from the Santa Cruz Valley, 18 miles below. I was rid ing a buro (jackass,) but on coming to a very steep hill, dismounted and was slowly walking up, when I came on an immense cinnamon bear, loss than twenty feet away. Of course to run was out of the question, so I stood and eyed the old fellow, and he stood and eyed nte as I slowly pulled my six shooter from the holster. Old boar hunters say it isn't safe to tackle a cinnamon with a rifle carrying less than seventy grains of powder, and then give him a dead shot, as the cin namons arc worse than the grizzlies. I didn't have any rifle with me, and as my six shooter only used 23 of powder, I concluded I was not look ing for a fight unless the boar was. Whatever his intentions were I don't know ; but my buro (jackass,) who was some distance ahead just then, caught sight of him and, instead of running away as ono would expect started for Mr. Bruin with tail and ears erect, and to cap the climax com menced to bray. This was too much and the old bear started as if he was shot out of a gun. He just tore up the ground, and when he couldn't run fast enough he rolled down the moun tain side. "Old Balaam" has played that trick before with me when 1 have been trying to get up on to a deer, and I have always pounded him for it, but „ last night 1 concluded I would givo him a leather medal." WOMEN EYEING WOMEN. The eyeing of women by women is one of the most offensive manifesta tions of superciliousness now to be met with in society. Pew observant persous have failed to notice the man ner in which one woman, who is ilot perfectly well bred or perfectly kind hearted, will eye another whom sho thinks is not at the time in so costly a dress as she herself is in. It is dono everywhere, at parties, at church, in the street. The very servant girls learn it of their mistresses. It is dono by women in all conditions of life. It is done in an instant. Who cannot recall hundreds of in stances of that sweep of the eye which takes in at a glance the whole woman and what she has on, from top knot to shoe tie? Men are never guilty of it, or with such extreme rar ity, and then in such feeble and small soulcd specimens of their sex, that it may be set down as a sin not mascu line or at least epicene. But women of sense, of some breeding, and even of some kindness of uature, will thus endeavor to assert a superiority upon the meanest of all pretences, and in flict a wound in a manner the most cowardly because it cannot be resented, and admits of no retort. If they only knew how unlovely, how positively 'offensive they make themselves in so doing not only to their silent victims, but to every gen erous-hearted man who observes their maneuvers, they would givo up a triumph at once so mean ami so cruel, which is obtained at such a sacrifice on their part. No other evidence than this eyeing is needed, that a woman, whatever be her birth or breeding, has a small and vulgar soul. WASHINGTON left an estate worth SBOO,OOO. John Adams died moder ately well off. Jefferson died so poor that if Congress had not given him $20,000 for his library he would have IKMMI bankrupt. Madison was economi cal and died rich. Monroe died so poor that he was buried at the expense of his relatives. John Quincy Adams left about $50,000, the result of pru dence. Jackson died tolerably well off. Van Buren died worth some $300,- 000. It is said that during his entire administration he never drew any por tion of his salary, but on leaving took the whole SIOO,OOO in a lump. Polk left about $150,000. Tyler married a lady of wealth and accomplishments and died rich. Taylor left $150,000. Filniorc was always an economical man and added to his wealth by his last morriage. Pierce saved about $60,000. Buchanan left about $200,- 000; Lincoln abouts7s,ooo; Johnson, about $50,000. A MIDDLIN' FAIR VERACITY.—The charge against the prisoner was lar ceny, and he had made a desperate ef fort to prove an alibi. One of his neighbors was called to the stand to bear witness to the worth of the pris oner's WD t'd. "What," asked the Judge (it was in Arkansas) "is the prisoner's reputation for veracity ?" "Waal, middlin' fair, Jedge, middlin' fair," replied tho witness. "He's al ways had the same wife ever since ho lived in Bike, though I b'leeve he did hev a couple over in Tennessee last winter; but—" And then the Court kept him quiet long enough to explain to him just what they were talking about. _ STOPPING A RUNAWAY HORSE.— Probably the first instance of stopping a runaway by telephone, occurred in New Haven, Connecticut. A pair of horses started from one place up town and tore down State street, evidently headed for their owner's packing-house on Long Wharf. The driver, who was off his wagon on business, ran into a store and telephoned to Long Wharf to look out for the runaways. When the horses reached the wharf a cojdon of men were stretched across the street to prevent the animals from going down to the water, and the re sult was that the horses were turned into the packing-houßc yard, where it was found" they had sustained no in j,,py- ti 9 , T . "How dare you .swear In;fore mo ?" (asked a man of his son recently. "How did I know you wanted to cuss I first ?" said the spoiled urchin.