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Per year, b» »dv»noe t 1 50 Otherwise * co No gnbwription will be discontinued until *ll trre&rAXM tre ptid roetaiintew neglecting to notify u» when tabecribern do not take oat their papers will b« held liable for the subwaiption. rinbscribers removing from one poetoiSce to another ehould give ua the nima of the former as well an the present oSSce. All communications intended for publication in thin paper must be accompanied by the real name of the writer, not for publication, but ae • guarantee of good faith. Marriage and death noticee most be aocompa nied by a responsible name. Address BVTMR CITIZEJT, BUTLER. PA. TfiAVBLERS' GUIDE. BUTLER, KAR*a CITT AND PARKER RAILROAD ((Sutler Time.) Trains .leave Butler for St. Joe, Millenitown, Kama Cltv, Petrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.25 a. rc., and 2.05 and 7.20 p. m. (See below lor con nections with A. V R. R.J Tnlus arrive at Butler from the above named point* it 7.. 5 a. in., and 1.55, and &S5 |>. ra. The 1.55 train connects with train ou the West Feun road '.hrnuzh to Pittsburgh. SHEHASGO ASD iLUGHEXT RAII.KOAD. Trains leave Billiard'* Mill, Builtr county, for HarrUvUle, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. in. and 12.20 and 2.20 p. m. Stages lea'e Petrolla at 5.30 a. ia. lor <.40 train, and at 10.00 a. m. for 12 20 tram- Return states leave Hilliard on arrival of trains at 10.27 a. m. and 1.50 p. ra. blase leaves Martiasburg at 9.30 for 12.30 train. p. * w. R. R. (Sarow fl&nge.) The morning train leaves Z"Jienople at 6 11, Hannonv 6.16 and Evansbarg at 6.3 a. arrifing •t Etna 'Station at 1.20. and Alleghany at 9 01. The afternoon train leaves Zalienop'e at 1.28, Harmony 1.31, Evanabnrg 1.53, arriving at Eto* station at 4.11 an»l Allegheny- at 4,46. By getting *' S!i»n >l>u'(r station and crossing the bridge to the A. V. R. 11., passen gers on the morning train can reach the Union dcp<->t at 9 o'clock. Trains connecting at Etna Station tnth this road leave Allegheny at 7.11 and 9.31 a. m. and 3.41 p. m. RE*W?TLVAXIA RAILROAD. Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.) Market at 5.11 a. pi , goes through to Alle gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. in. This train con tests at Frit-port * ith Frecport Accommoda tion, which arrircs at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in., railroad llrac. Expren at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler Junction, without change of cars, <it 3.26 with (sprees west, arriving In Allegheny at JI.SS a. m., and Express eaat arriving at Blairsvlile •t 11.00 a. in. raiiroad lime. Mail at 2.3 ft p. ra., connecting at Butler Junc tion without chance ol cars, with Express west, arriving in Allegheny at 5 2rt p. in., and Ex press cast arriving at Bl.ilrsviile Intersection at S.!O p. m. nilroad time, which connects w'tb Philadelphia Express east, when on time. Sunday Erpren at 3.25 p. ru., goes through to Allegheny, arriving at 6.06 p. m. The 7.21 a. ra. train connects at Blalrsville at 11.05 a. m. with the Miil east, and the 2.30 p.m. train at 6-59 with the Philadelphia Ex press east. ' Trains arrive at Bntler on We»t Perm R. R. at 0.51 a. ra., 5 06 and 7.20 p. ro., Butler time. The 9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun ay train arrives at Butler at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train for Parker. Main Line. Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the En-t at 2.56 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 and 8.06 p. m. f arriving at Philadelphia at 3.40 and 7.20 p. m. and 3.00, 7.0" and 7.40 a. ra.; at Baltimore about the same time, at New York three hours later, and at Washington about one and a bail hours later. FINANCIAL. * m . Ainnni lD ™ t ® t * > ;t '- ch * u u 10 oIUUU i make * fortnnM , every " lv t | month. Book sent free ex plaining everything. Addrecs BAXTEB A CO., Bunker*, oct9 7 Wall street N. T. "EDUCATIONAL. ~ Exclusively devote) to the practical educa tion of young awl men, for active business life. School always in session. Stu dents can enter at any time. JZ-H-Pend for circular. J. C. SMITH, A. If., Principal, •ept24-.'im Pittsburgh, Pa. DENTISTS. ■ dentistry 7 OM WALDKON, Graduate ol the Pbil -1 adelphla Dentil College,la prepared • Its to do anything in the line of bis profession In a satisfactory manner. Office on Main street, Bailer, Union Block, Bp stiirs, Hpll BANKS. T IK i;il U TliKli SAVINGS BANK BDTLBB. PA. NEARLY OPPOSITE LOWBY HOUSE. CAPITAL STOCiT 60,000. Wa. Caxtbell, J AS. D. Axdicusox, President. Vice President. I Wjj. Cuu'Rell, Jr., OasUier. DIBKCTOR* I William Campliell, J. W. Irwin, I Jim. D. Anderson, George Weber, I Joseph L. Purvis. I Doe* a General Banking A Exchange business. I Interest paid on time deposit*. Collections mad* I and prompt retnrns at low rates of Exchange. I Gold Exchange and Government Bonds bought I and sold. Commercial paper, bonds, Judgement I and othersecnritles bonght at fair rates fa2o:ly MM I The Only Known Remedy I THAT ACTS AT THE HA HE TUIE 05 I THE LIVER. I THE BOWELB, I and the KIDNEYS. I This combined action gives it wonderful I power to aire aU dineasc*. I Why are we Sick ? I Beeaute we allow these great organs to bo ■ come dogged or torpid, and poisonous humors I are therefore forced into the blood that should I be expelled naturally. I ffIMSHKBi I LIMZMB CURES I BILLIOUHSESS, FILER, COHKTIPATIOH, ■ HDHKT COIPLAISTS, VBIXART DIB - EASES, FES A LE WEAKKESHEH, ■ AJTO SKBTOUH JiINOBUERS, ■ by causing free action of these organs and ■ restoring their strength and power to throxe ■ vff disease. ■ ■■ Wkf Kaffir Billions pain* and aebest ■■ H Wkf be tormented with I'llesand Con.tlpntlna J Why frightened aver dixerdrrrd K ldn< ys I H Wkj endnre aerross headaches uid slreplm. ■ Mights H Vf KIRNEY-U OUT and rejoice In llralik. H It It a dru. tcviable compourul arut H Im |Mhg« win mU six q.arta mf H Qet Uof your Vrwjgl«/, h* will order u frrr you. VXLXJ, BOUDMX ft CO., tngMm, Surfiagtea, Vt. I ALL PARTIES ■ GOING WEST TO ■ lowa, I Missouri, I Kansas, ■ Nebraska, ■ Colorado or I California, SHOULD GO VU THE I Chicap,Burlington & Quincy R. R. ••Tickets oan be had at aU offices where H Wwrtem.tickets are sold. apie-tf VOL. xvir. B. C. HUSELTON ! Will continue to sell for the next THIRTY DAYS, his entire stock of BOOTS & SHOES T Oldl rn w m PRICES THAT WILL SURPRISE YOU! Boots and Shoes have advancer] 25 j>er cent., but you will recollect_jio advance on Boots ami Shoesr at B. C. HUSELTOX'S as long as this present stock remains. Now is the time for BARGAINS. I)o not put off buying, but make your purchases at once, as this stock is being rapidly closed out at These V"ery Low IPrices ! An enormous stock of Men's, Boys' and Souths' Kip and Calf Boots, Women's, Misses' and Children's Kip and Calf Shoes. Old Ladies' \\ arm Shoes a specialty. An elegant stock of Slippers for the Holidays. Large stock Button and Side-Lace Shoes, all kinds. All of this'stock is very prune, and will warrant all goods to be just as I represent them. I don't sell Split Leather for Chit-ago Kip. Customers can rely on buying, that no misrepre sentations are allowed in my house. All kinds of LEATHER and FINDINGS. gggPAll kinds of repairing done at reasonable prices. Call and examine .took an" price, mJSISLTOX SCHOENECK & GLOSE, Cor. !oth St. Sl Penn Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA., Manufacturers nnd Dealer# in all kinds of F URNITURE! Are offering this Fall Extraordinary Inducements to Purchasers. As they manufacture every article in their lir.c, they are enabled to sell at much lower prices than at y other hounu west of New York. Do not fail to call in belore purchasing elsewhere, and examine their large at,d well Cispleyed assortment ol Parlor, Chamber, Offlco and Dining Furniture. Kitefcen Furniture of every description always on hand. Alao, Mattresses ol all kinds. Fur niture n>ade to cder and sntir faction guaranteed in every particular. seplO-Hin NSW " BOOT s SHOE STORE, IINIOA BLOCK, Main Street, - - - - Butler, Pa. Al- Has received his entire stock of Fall and Winter BOOTS and SHOES. As I have an unusually large and attractive stock of BOOTS & KIIOES just opening, embracing all the newest styles, I invite the attention and close scrutiny of buyers. Men's Kip and Calf Boots very cheap. Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in endless variety, and at bottom prices. Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock. Parties wanting BOOTS <te SHOES made to order can do no better than by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ. I also keep a large stock of LEATHER and FINDINGS. |Cyff~All goods warranted as represented. Alj. StUFF. ISTovember 3, 187 Q. Choicest Line Ladies' Fine Garments We Have ever Shown. Silk Garments, Lined with Silk and Satin. Also, Fur-Trimmed and Fur-Lined, $lO to $125 each. Seal Skin Sacques, $l5O up. Extra Lengths and Sizes. 200 DOLMANS 1 One ease IMPORTED MIXED DRESS GOODS, At $8.60, $lO, sll, sl2 and sl(s, that are special New, at 15c., worth 25c. styles and valued. Choice new Dress Goods daily, from 20c. to $3 tine Dolmans, $lB to SSO. Newest things out. 48-inch Colored (lashuierc- 1 , 48-lneli Colored Bhoodah Cloths, at 87c. end 76c., re-pec- LADIES' CLOAKS, $2.50 to $25. tively, the finest and best bargain a • . ... to-day, we claim, in the Special Good floaks, SO, and $lO. The United .States latter trimmed with genuine Silk Genuine All-Wool Colored Cashmeres, at 45c. Velvet and fringe. and 50c., better value* than usual. » . . . Choice Pennon Silk Mixed Dr"s< (jiKids, and LADIES AM) MIBOKS' JACKETS, for Trimming, at 87Ac. and f»ne. Light and Dark Cloths, 30 to 38-incb, bust The W 4M'JnCl'l*l/l K *CIMKi'FH 1 "'° f measure, at popular prices. p, xtra fine Goods, at !Mc. and >l,' M.Vprlws our- Ladies' Circulars, Ladies' Ulsters, in nil the new selves. < >it!l and see them, or Cloths. Children's and Misses' Jackets, . send lor saniples 4to 10 years. Extra Large Line 40-lnch K aek Cas .mere, at< ,)c.,/.K:., S.JC., and and at Prices. 4 „ " re not .-.nrp^sed 42-inch All-Wool < at ;^)e. T Af>fKH' I'TT If r tvt'ti rtTtrnt Ai»d Double-width Iliac if Ca«!iinercs, -II and .10- LADILS ILR LINLD ( IRCULARS, ind)( 2 - u> |||(> )nU(:r n|| woo , %t". to tkn 48-iiich New BLACK ARMI RK DRESS GOODS, Children's and Miws' Knit Ulsters and Hoods At $1 and $1 .''7 i, the best value ever sold, in Cloak Deimrtment, from 50c. to 4.'!. New -la-inch Satin Stripe All-Wool Cashmeres, $1 and j?1.20. Altogether this Department prcs<-iiU, we One case claim, special ail vantages to buyers, and if the ALL-WOOL DRESS GOODS, will kindly visit our Cloak Room, we 2S-incli, known as "Uncut Velvets," nt $1 are quite willing to abide their decision, whether yar<l, in Navy 111 lies, Navy Mine and the extent of our stoek, choice styles, perfect Cinld, Navy ISlueand llfue, and shapes in garments made to our special order, Blacks. These goods are do not fully justify our claims, as above. well worth rl.Soayd. WINTER UNDER WEA RAND FLANNELS, Win >lcsalc and .Retail, at prices that enlists the attention of critical buyers. ZBOG-C3-S &c BUHL. 118 h 120 FEDERAL STREET, ALLEGHENY 'WA CM ' KVKHY ONB TO KNOW THAT 18. X.. FAHNXSTOOK'B LUN a S TR T7 P In the most efficient Remedy before the public for the cure of <'outsit*, ('olds, Cut. WK fiI'AICANTKF IT. It In from nllKht colli*, which rn'ist pop sons deem of but little Importance, and neglect, that many serious dlsea*f-s arise. Neglected cold* soon puss Into the acute stage, and If prompt mid efficient remedies are not used, In many <•««'•* become Chron ic or Confirmed Bronchltl*. It I* especially adapted In the cure of children, on account of It* mild ('fleet, in It contain** nothing that would Injuro tho youngest chllil. Hut a *1112)0 trlnl will convince you. Hold by all dealers- Trial Hlze '£> ct*. I*rga bottle 11.00. VAHKEgIOCK. ÜBOB., l'ro's, Flttsbarg, WW. JLii UDOKk', iiKALI:u m lll<le».'f,eatlicr, Finding*, Tal low. Nliocp I'clu, Piiwter Hair, dr., Hlidieirt pr, ces pulri in ensli r<ir Hides, Kips. CullnMrt*, Hlh c|i pelts, Tnllow, <Vc. All kind* t I l.eniher, and also Piaster Ilnlr ulway# on ha.'id, and sold at the lowest rush prices. Ah»i>, mc.nalacturer of uud dealer In Harnett, Sado ies. Bridles, Collars, Whips, Ac., which will Ibe sold ut bottom prices, lie pairing prompt!) attended to. P.1.0p on Cuii nini;li.iiii ntreet, I ear creek, ffIJTI.KR, V A. POFi SALi:. t8 will buy n one half interest- in a irood bus iness in Pittsburgh . One who* knows sotne- IIIIIIK about farming preferred. An honest man with the above iiinot nt will do \»cll to address hy letter, ti.Vll i ll .. OIINS, care tf- M. Jaiues, 1 08 Liberty street, Pa. |au37-ly BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, DiCEMBER 10, 1879. HAYES TO CONGRESS. THE MESSAGE. The President's message is a long document, much of which is of no par ticular public interest. The principal topics treated of by the President are the financial operations of the fiscal year, the reform of the civil service, the suppression of polygamy, the fisheries and the Indian policy of Secretary Schurz. The President congratulates Con gress on the successful execution of the resumption act. Since the lst + of January United States notes have been redeemed in coin, but the demand has been comparatively small, and tU? voluntary deposit of coin and in exchange for notes has been vtry large. The excess of the precious metals deposited or exchanged for United States notes over the amount of United States notes redeemed is about $40,000,000. The resumption of specie payments has been followed by a very great revival of business. With a currency equivalent in value to the money of the commercial world we are enabled to enter upon an equal competition with other nations in trade and production. The increasing for eign demand for our manufactures and agricultural products has caused a large balance of trade in our favor, which has been paid in gold from the Ist of July last to N'ovemlwr 15th, to the amount of about $59,000,000. Since the resumption of specie pay ments there has also been a marked and gratifying improvement of tho public credit. The bonds of the Gov ernment, bearing only 4 per cent, in terest, have sold at or ab ive par, suf ficient in amount to pay off all the Na tional debt which was redeemable un der present laws. The amount of in terest saved annually by the process of refunding the debt since March Ist, 1877, is $ 14,207,177. Tho amount of the National debt which matures within less than two years is $792,- 121,700, of which $500,000,000 bear interest at the rate of 5 per cent., aud the balance is in bonds bearing 6 per cent, interest. It is believed that this part of the public debt can be refunded by the issue of 4 per cent, bonds, and by the reduction of interest which will thus be effected about $11,000,000 can lie annually saved to the Treasury. To secure this important reduction of interest to be paid by the United States f.irthcr legislation is required, which, it is hoped, will be provided by Congress during its present session. SILVER COINAUE. The coinage of gold by the Mints of the United States during the last fiscal year was $40,986,912. The coinage of silver dollars since the pas sage of the act for that purpose, up to November Ist, 1879, was $45,000,850, of which $12,700,344 have been issued from the Treasury and are now in circulation, and $32,300,506 are still in the possession of the Government. The pendency of the proposition for unity of action between the United States and the principal commercial Nations of Europe, to effect a perma nent system for the equality of gold and silver in the recognized money of the world, leads me to recommend that Congress refrain from new legis lation on tho general subject. The great revival of trade, internal and foreign, will supply, during the coming year, its own instructions, which may well be awaited before attempting further experimental measures with tho coinage. 1 would, however, strongly urge upon Congress the im portance of authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to suspend the coinage of silver dollars upon the present legal ratio. The market value of the silver dollar being uniformly and largely less than the market value of the gold dol lar, it is obviously impracticable to maintain theni at par with each other if both are coined without limit. If the cheaper coin is forced into circula tion, it will, if coined without limit, soon become the sole standard of value and thus defeat the desired object, which is a currency of both gold and silver, which shall be of equivalent v&lue, dollar for dollar, with the uni versally recognized money of the world. RETIRING UNITED STATES NOTES. The retirement from circulation of United States notes, with tho capac ity of legal tender in private contracts, is a step to be taken in our progress toward a safe and stable currency, which should be accepted as the policy and duty of the Government and the interest and security of the people. It is my firm conviction that the issue of legal tender paper money, based wholly upon the authority and credit of the Government, except in extreme emergency, is without warrant in the Constitution and a violation of sound financial principles. The issue of United States notes during the late civil war, with the capacity of legal tender between private individuals, was not authorized except as a means of rescuing the country from imminent peril. The circulation of these notes as paper money for any protracted period of time after the accomplish ment of this purpose was not contem plated by the framcrs of the law un der which they were issued. They j anticipated the redemption and with- > drawal of these notes at the earliest | practicable period consistent with the attainment of the object for which they were provided. The policy of the United States, steadily adhered to from the adoption of the Constitution, hus been to avoid the creation of a National debt, and when from neces sity, in time of war, debts have been created, they have been paid oil' on the return of peace as rapidly as pos sible. With this view and for this purpose it is recommended that the existing laws for the accumulation of a sinking fund sufficient to extinguish the public debt within a limited period be maintained. If any change of the objects or rates of taxation is deemed necessary by Congress, it is suggested that experience has showed that a d uty can be placed on tea and coffee which will not enhance the price of those articles to tho consumer and which will add several millions of dollars auuually to tho Treasury. TIIE sfrPRESSKW OF POLYGAMY. The President calls attrition to po lygamy in tltab, a'nd says the law for i ts suppression has been decided by the Supreme to be within the legislative pow<?r of Congress, and ,bindings am a rule of action, for all who residedwithin the Territories. There is no longer any reason-for delay or hesitation, in its enforcement.* It shall be firmly anu effectively exectfted. If not sufficiently stringent in its pro visions it should be amended,#nd, in aid of in view, I recom mend fhat more "comprehensive and more 'searching methods faf preveut igg, as well as punishing, tfcis crime Wi provided. * "*• * The President savsr-that the. elec tions of the past year. tWooffi occtfpfro only with State offices, have not failed to elicit, in the political discussions which attended them all over the coun try, new and decisive evidence of the deep interest which the great body of citizens take in the progress of the country towards a more general and complete establishment, at whatever cost, of universal security and freedom, in the exercise of the elective franchise. He appeals to the intelligence and pa triotism of all good citizens, of every part of the country, however much they may be divided in opinions on other political subject?, to unite in compelling obedience to existing laws aimed at the protection of the right of suffrage. He urges Congress to sup ply any defects in these laws which experience has shown, and which it is within its power to remedy, and in vokes the co-operation of the Execu tive and legislative authorities of the States in this great purpose. The subject of civil service reform is next discussed, but the President has nothing new to say. He speaks of the gravo evils and perils of a par tisan-spoils system, and goes over the same ground as in his message last year. He also recommends that Con gress makes the necessary appropria tion fur the resumption of the work of the Civil Service Commission. He is convinced that if a just and definite test of merit is enforced for admission to the public service and in making promotions, such abuses as removal without good cause and partisan and official interference with the proper ex ercise of the appointing power, will, in large measure, disappear. THE FISHERIES. Our relations with foreign countries have continued peaceful. With Great Britain there are still unsettled ques tions, growing out of the local laws of the maritime provinces and the action of provincial authorities, deemed to be in derogation of rights secured by treaty to American fishermen. The United States Minister in London has been instructed to present a demand for $105,<505.02, in view of the dam ages received by American citizens at Fortune Hay on the 6th day of Janu ary, 1878. The subject has been taken into consideration by the British Gov ernment, and an early reply is antici pated. Upon the completion of the necessary preliminary examination the subject of our participation in the pro vincial fisheries, as regulated by treaty, will at once be brought to the attention of the British Government, with a view to an early and permanent settle ment of tho whole question, which was only temporarily adjusted by the treaty of Washington. Efforts have been made to obtain the removal of restrictions found injurious to the ex portation of cattle to the United King dom. THE ISTHMUS CANAL. Diplomatic intercourse with Colom bia is again fully restored by the ar rival of a Minister from that country to the United States. This is especi ally fortunate, in view of the fact that the question of an interoceanic canal has recently assumed a new and im portant aspect and is now under dis cussion with tho Central American countries, through whoso territory the canal by the Nicaragua route would have to pass. It is trusted that en lightened statesmanship on their part will see that the early prosecution of such a work will largely enure to the benefit, not only of their own citizens and those of tin; United States, but of the commerce of the civilized world. It is not doubted that, should the work be undertaken under the pro tective auspices of the United States and upon satisfactory concessions for the right of way and its security by the Central American Governments, the capital for its completion would readily be furnished from this country and Europe which might, failing such guarantees, prove inaccessible. The portion of the message devoted to the army and navy is a mere sum mary of the reports of the Secretaries of War and of the Navy. The busi ness of the Supreme Court, the Presi dent says, is at present largely in ar rears. In the Courts of many of the circuits, also, the business has increased to such an extent that the delay of justice will call the attention of Con gress to an appropriate remedy. The remedy suggested by the Attorney General is the appointment of addi tional Circuit Judges ami the creation of an Intermediate Court of Errors and Appeals which shall relieve the Supreme Court of a part of its juris diction. The President next gives the figures published in the report of the Postmaster General an<l then takes up the report of Secretary Schurz. THE INDIANS. The Indian policy sketched in the report is endorsed. Its object, which is to make liberal provision for the ed ucation of Indian youth, to settle the Indians upon farm lots in severalty, to give them title in fee to their farms, inalienable for a certain number of : years, and when their wants are thus provided for to dispose by sale of the lands on their reservations not occu pied and used by them, a fund to be formed out of the proceeds for the ben | efit of the Indians, which will gradu ally relieve the Government of the ex penses now provided for by annual ap propriations, must commend itself as just and beneficial to the Indians, and as also calculated to remove those ob structions which the existence of large reservations presents to the settlement I and development of tho country. I therefore earnestly recommend the enactment of a law enabling the Gov ernment to give Indians a title iu fee, inalienable for twenty-five years, to the farm lands assigned to them by allot ment. I also repeat the recommenda tion made in my first annual message, that h law be passed admitting Indians who can give satisfactory proof of having by their own labor supported their families for a number of years, and who are willing to detach them selves from their tribal relations, to the benefit of the Homestead act, and to patents containing the samel^rovision of inalienability for a certain period. The President an nounces his intention of protecting the the Indian Territory, but as settlors work their way in the diffi culties will increase, and he approves of the advice given the Indians on a recent occasion, to divide among them selves in severalty as large a quantity of their lands as they can cultivate, to acquire individual titles in fee, instead of their present tribal ownership in common, and to consider in what man ner the balance of their lands may be disposed of by the Government for their benefit. The message concludes with urging a generous policy toward the District of Columbia. 110 W TIIE PENNS YL VA NIA RAILROAD IS INSPECTED. The annual inspection of the Penn sylvania railroad by the executive of ficers of the company began October 22nd, the inspectors traveling in four special trains. The observation trains consist of an engine drawing a hotel and dining room car, pushing a "gon dola," that is, a low, open platform car, with seats raised in tiers, the su perintendents occupying the first train, the civil engineers the second, the road supervisors the third, and the divison foremen the fourth. Each gentleman is provided with a printed form, on which ho makes on a scale of from 1 (very bad) to 10 (perfect) his estimate of each section of the roadbed. The verdict is reached by considering the condition of the track line, and the ballasting, ditching, draining, policing,'and neatness of the work. When the trip is completed these cards are made up and an aver age struck for each section. The highest average indicates to which of the supervisors shall be given the first prize, usually a chronometer gold watch and chain appropriately in scribed, and to which of the division foremen the second prize shall be given. There is great competition for these prizes, and the system begun some ten years ago has been found to be of the greatest value in getting the best kind of work done on the roadbed and lino of rail. Most of the superin tendents on this trip have intimate practical knowledge of what consti tutes a perfect road, for they have served the company of which they are now officers as roadmasters and divi sion supervisors, winning experience and promotion in that way. Last year the inspection was extended over all the leased lines of the company, the superintendents passing over on their trip more than two thousand six hundred miles of the company's track. In doing this, however, they were not able to give the track that close scru tiny which tho importance of their errand demanded. Therefore this year the trip will be confined to the main line and its im portant branch, the Northern Central Railroad from Ilarrisburg to Washing ton and Sunbury. Last year the sec tion south of Newark, a part of Su perintendent McCrea's division, won all the prizes. GLASS TUBING. The manufacture of glass tubing is surprisingly simple. The glass blower takes a small quantity of melted glass from tho pot with his blowing tube, rolls it slightly on a marble slab to give it a cylindrical form, he then adds a small quantity of glass from the same pot, and blows tho enlarged mass while rolling it, taking great pains to keep the shape cylindrical. If tubes of large caliber are required, the in side diameter of the cylinder is en larged, and tho glass is allowed to cool slightly before drawing. For tubes of very small caliber, such as thermometer tubes and other capillary the internal diameter of the cylinder is decreased and the glass is used very warm. in making a piece of glass tubing the assistant places a ball of glass cylinder by aid of his blowing tube. Now tho men, each holding an end of the glass cylinder by means of their blowing tubes, began to separate, walking backwark. The cylinder is thus lengthened, and at tho same time made smaller in diameter, and the di ameter, of course, depends upon how much the tube is drawn out. When the tube has attained the right size it is generally too warm and soft to admit of laying it down without destroying its shape; it is therefore cooled by means of a fan. When it be comes sufficiently cool it is laid upon a series of equidistant parallel wooden blocks of uniform height, where it re mains until it becomes cold. It is then cut into lengths with a diamond or a file. If the tubes are to resist great pressure or changes of temper ature, they are annealed with great care. They are sometimes plunged into boiling linseed oil and slowly cooled. —A country parson preached a series of sermons on practical morality and soon after he had an opportunity to witness their effects. A lad in the village, who heard one of them, com ing out of an orchard one day with his pockets bulging out with stolen apples, was met by the parson, who noticed his efforts to conceal the evidence of his guilt. "Have you been stealing apples ?" asked tho minister. "I have, sir," answered the boy, sheepishly. "And you aro trying to hide them from me?" continued the good man. "Ves, sir," said the culprit, brightening up. "You told us last Sunday that wo must avoid tho appearance of evil." WILLIAM PENNS WAY. Our method of treating the Indian tribes seems to be compounded of al! other methods. Like the Quakers we treat with them; but unlike the Quakers we never observe the treaties. Like Spaniards we put them to the sword as rapidly as we can out of greed for their lands and the minerals they are sup posed to contain; but unlike the Span iards we do it by human authority under the flag of the United States, and jiot in the name of God and under the flaming cross. We confine them to reservations' from which our people are permitted to drive them, that our soldiers may get a chance to slaughter thenar We protend to feed and cletbw them, bnt our agents and contractors st<»al the supplies, and when they bunt to supply themselves, we cut the matter short byjextermination: The incidents of this composite system are an Indian service honeycombed with corruptiou, laws and treaties broken, desperate tribes breaking away, fights like that of the Cheyennes, massacres like that of the Piegans, and massacres in requital like that of Custer. It is the most ex pensive as well as tho least efficient system the wit of man could devise. The countless millions of money it has cost, to say nothing of the lives, would have sufficed to build railroads and ca nals for the accommodation of every inch of all the inhabited parts of the country. Had we not better change it? It is not yet too late to begin and do better, by simply being honest and just ourselves. The Indians of our forests were a fiercer, though in some respects a nobler class of savages than the ludians of the plains. The Founder of Pennsylvania subdued thein entirely to the wishes by a strange habit he had of keeping his word and paying squarely and honestly to the last blue bead he ever promised. His treaties were the "only treaties never sworn to and never broken." Half a century after his death Hecke welder saw the Indians produce the strings of pure white wampum which represented "his speeches," and served to remind them of their engagements, which they thus renewed among them selves by periodical ceremonies. In the language of the Iroquois he was called Onas; in the more plaintive tongue of the Delawares, Miquon. Both words mean quill, and indicated their sense of his peaceful and truthful character. He came among them with no other weapon, and with that he never made either a false or a bloody record. Under Pcun and his children, and in deed for nearly a century, and until the policy of the Founder was abandoned by his successors in the government, there was peace in all the borders of Pennsylvania. There were no flying settlers, no smoakiug cabins, no captive women and children, no abandoned harvests. The Pennsylvania traders were welcomed by every tribe, even to the Mississippi for the fame of Penn sylvania justice preceded them to the furthest recesses of the wilderness, and the political children of the good Mi quon never wanted of hospitality or protection at the hands of their red friends. But the Pennites and Broadrims were hated by their neighbors almost as bitterly as tin advocate of justice to the Indians is hated to-day on the Western border. The Virginians were espe cially hostile both to the Pennsylva nians and to the Indians, and to their cruel efforts to put strife between them, and break up the lucrative trade of the Pennsylvanians with the interior tribes, were due some of the most terrible wivrs of the last century. A Virginia butch ery, unprovoked and cowardly, pro duced Dunmores's' war and with sun dry aggravations added, the whole se ries down to the victory of Wayne. But we repeat that the policy of Penn was the cheapest aud safest of which history makes mention. CAN NEGROES SNEEZE 1 An item stating that negroes never sneeze has been the rounds of the press. Last evening a newspaper man demanded of Mr. George W. Jackson, while that gentleman was improving the appearance of the itcinizor's boots, "Why is it, George, that you don't sneeze ?" "'Cause I ain't got no call to," re sponded the old gentleman, in some surprise. "Did you ever sneeze, George?" "Did I evah sneeze F" cried the as tonished Mr. Jackson. "Well, you heah me, sah, dis ole horn o' mine is n snorter when it has business on hand." When it was communicated to Mr. Jackson that the press of the country was asserting that the African nose is deficient in sternutatory power ho scoffed at such a libel upon his race, and to show how groundless it was lie hobbled out of the barber shop and returned with a pinch of snuff, which presently resulted in an explosion that created an impression in the neighbor hood that some old machinery was be ing broken up with giant powder cart ridges as the Con. Virginia works." "I)at shows what youah noospa pahs 'mount to," said Mr. Jackson, as he wiped his eyes. Then he requested the reporter to look upon the back of his coal-black hand. "See heah," he said, flopping over the knotty old paw and disclosing the lung-colored palm, "whah's the science man dat kin explain dat finominutn?" inquired Mr. Jackson, proudly and further confided to the reporter the pleasing fact that the soles of his feet presented tho same inexplica ble peculiarity. Ho also relates a test that had been niado in Bt. Louis some years ago of the blood of a white man, a negro and a bullock, which had resulted in tho utter con | founding of the scientists, who had I been able to discover no difference be ' tweeu the fluid held in the respective tubs. Mr. Jackson confirmed all his statements with a final sneeze, which caused a man being shaved to jump up in his chair and cut a gash in his jaw against tho razor. "Dar's blood for to prove what I BOZ," was tho pleasing observation of > Mr. Jackson. I The reporter then withdrew. ADYKRTIBIIVU BATES. One square, one insertion, 91; each subse quent insertion, 60 cento. Yearly advertisement* exceeding one-fourth of a column, 95 jx>r inch. Figure work double thooe rater; additional charge* where wookly or niouthly changes arc made. Local advertisements 10 cents per line for first insertion, and 5 cents per line for each additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub lished free of charge. Obituary notioee charged as advertisements, and payable when handed ID Auditors' Notices. 94; Executors' and Ailminia tratore' Notices. 93 each; Estray, Cant ion an# Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines, each. From the fact that the Cmzr* is tho oldest established and mo»t extensively circnlated Be publican newspaper in Butler county, (a Bepub lican county) it must bo apparent t« btuunes* men that it is the medium they should use in advertising their business. NO. 4. GRANTS POSITION. A personal friend of Gen. Grant's savs that that distinguished citizen is more concerned about employment than anything else. He has but a small fortune, and the General says he must now address himself to his own business. He is anxious to get to Philadelphia, where it is under stood, his personal affairs will be dis cussed and looked after. From there he will go to Havana and Mexico, unless, be says, he should be advised of a business opening, in which caso he would not go to Mexico. This points directly to the Nicaragua Canal, in which he has always taken deep yitereeL—General an engineer, ana to be at fne heard of a company, to build such a vast work, * in- wnich the Nations of Europe, as well as America, and interested, would be to erect a monument to himself. Here would be additional fame, con genial occupation and handsome sal ary, whereas in a Presidential candi dacy there could be no additional repu tation, and might be great peril. If, however, the coveted employment should not offer, then Grant would yield to the pressure of his friends, and consent to take the Presidency. This, undoubtedly, correctly repre sents Grant's position to-day. A Washington special says that there is a good deal of quiet consulta tion among Southern men there as to the propriety of a movement on the part of the Southern members of Con gress to create the office of Captain General of the Army, with a a*d»ry of $50,000 per |annum, and giv<?~ it to Gen. Grant for life. The movement has not taken shape yet, as there are but few members there, but it will certainly be agitated within the next few weeks, and there are many there who believe that it will be consum mated on the reassembling of Con gress. How TO JUDGE WEATHER. —Tho colors of tho sky at different times are a wonderful guidauce. Not only does a clear sunset presage fair weather, but there are other tints which speak with a clearness and accuracy. A bright yellow in the evening indicates wind, a pale yellow, • wet; a neutral gray constitutes a favorable sign in the morning—an unfavorable one in the eveniug. The clouds are full of mean ing in themselves. If they are soft, undefined and feathery, the weather will be fine; if the edges are hard, sharp and definite, it will be foul. Generally speaking, any deep, unusual hues betoken wind aud rain; while more quiet and moderate tints bespeak fair weather. —lt is, for some reason, a great deal easier to hate a bad man than to keep from being one yourself. —The blind ought to be happy. At any rate they cannot themselves see any reason why they should not be. —lt was Pelham who said that it is eminently respectable to bo arrested for debt, becauso it shows that you once had credit. —lt is a curious fact that charity for others' faults is a kind of magic mantle Which covers up your own faults at the same time. —They say it takes nino tailors to comfortably make a man, but to make a man uncomfortable only one taiior with an unpaid bill is required. —One of tho best of epitaphs, and one of the shortest also, is that which .Terrold wrote for Charles Knight, tho amiable historian. It was simply "Good Knight." —The coming year of 1880 will bo rather peculiar in some instances. Four holidays come on Sunday, as follows: February 22, Decoration day, July 4th, and Christmas. ; If you should tell all know tho recital might not requfSa any great length of time, but if yOii should at tempt to tell all you don't know one lifetime would not suffice. —The milk of human kindness is a necessary ingredient in every true and noble life, but unless it is kept fresh it will change into the sour buttermilk of a carping and critical spirit. People are vory apt to bo generous with what ccsts nothing. Sidney Smith once said that most men are ready to act the Good Samaritan, but without the oil and twopence. A man may bo a poor scholar when he has everything in bis head and nothing in his purse, and he may be equally a poor scholar when he has nothing in his head and everything in his purse. There are some people who re semble storks. They are said to have one foot in tho grave, but, like the se date bird above mentioned, they are able to stand on the other log so long that their hoirs become impatient. —Sidney Smith was sufficiently con scious of at least one of bis faults, lie once said of his handwriting, which was at l>cßt a terrible scrawl: "It looks as if a swarm of ants, escaping from an ink bottle, bad walked over a sheet of paper without wiping their legs." —lt is not mere information that makes a man great, but that ability to | use information which is called wis ! dom. When some one told Rivarol that he had mastered four languages, the wit replied, "Then, sir, you will in future have four words for one idea." —lt may bo that tho answer of the poor servant girl may find a response in other hearts. Some one said to her, "Well, Mary, I hear you have left vour old place. Where do you live now ?" She replied, with a pleasant smile, "Please, inarm, I don't live no where now; I'm married." —Talleyrand was always ready with a reply, and woe betide tho man who had offended him. His words wore apt to be like burrs in wool—vory hard to get rid of. Ho onee wrote to a lord who had bored him, this message j "Dear Lord Blank—Will you oblige mo with your company on Wednosday next, at 8 o'clock. I havo invited ft number of exceedingly clever people, and do not care to be the only foot among thom."