Newspaper Page Text
IIIIMiKIPTIOM BATES :
Per year. in advance ** • r ' n Otherwise ® No Mibecrintioti will be diaeontinued until aU wrcangn are paid. l'ugtm«ntrr» neglecting to notilT IU when eubecnbere do not take ont their papers will be held liable for the •abecripuoo. Hubac fibers removing from one iwetoffice to another should give ua the name of the former ma well a* the present office. All communication* intended for publication In thin paper muet be accompanied by the real nirae of the writer, not for publication, but aa a xuarantte of good faith. Marriage and death notice# moat be aooompa nied by a responsible name. Addrese BCTI<BR CITIZEN, BUTLER. PA. TBAVEIIERS' GUIDE. BCTLBK, KABXS CITT AXD PARKBK »AILI»OAD (Hul!er Time.) Trains leave Butler for SL Joe, Milleratown, Karns CUv, Pctrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.25 a. in , and 2.05 a*ud 7.20 p. m. IBtse below lor con nc<tlou* with A. V K R.J Trains arrive at Bailer from the *)>ove named point* at 7.15 a. ia.. ana 1.55, and C.55 p m. The 1.55 train connects with iraiu cm the West Peun roid '.hroturti to Mtt»bai*h. SHKNAJIOO AND ALI.BGHENT RAII.KOAD. Train*" leave Bill lord's Milt, Botler county, for Hirritville, GruenvUie, etc., at 7.40 a. m. and 12.20 and 2.20 p. m. Stage* lea' e Petrolia at 5.50 a. m. lor 7.40 train, and at 10.00 a. ra. tor 12 20 traiu. Return leave Uilliard on "rrlval of trains at 10.27 a. m. and 1.50 p. m. Btaj>e leaves Martlasburg at 9.30 for 12.30 tnin. p. * vr. a. R. (Narow Gauge.) The morning train leaven Zeiienople at 6 11 Harmony 6.16 and Evanabarg at #.3 i. arriving at Etna Station at 8.20. and Allegheny at V 01. The afternoon train leaves Zelienop'e at 1.26. Harmony 1.31, Evirebarg 1.53. arriving at Etna fetation at 411 and Allegheny at 4.46. Ky pttinif oil at Slurps bur* nation snd croswii.jf the bridge to the A. V. R. R., passen gers on the rooming train c.xn reach the Union depot at 9 o'clock. Train* connecting at Etna Station with this road leave Allegheny at 7.11 and 9.31 a. m. aid 3.41 p. id. r*!C*9TI,VA!«IA RAILROAD. Train* leave Butler (Batler or Pittsburgh Time.) Market at 5.11 a. m , goes through to Alle gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. m. Thi* train con- Lects at Fret-port with Free port Accommoda tion, wb'ch arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in., railroad time. Express at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler Junction, without change of cars, at 8.28 with Exp.efs wctl, arriving In Allegbens at 9.51 a. m., and Express ca*t arriving at Blairsville at 1100 a. m. railroad lime. Mail at 2 36 p. m., councctine at Butler Junc tion without change ol can, with Express wesl, arriving in Allegheny at 528 p. m., and Ex press c&bi arriving at Blairsville Intcrseciion at 8.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects w'th Philadelphia Kxpn->3 east, when on time. Sunday Express at ZX> p. ro , goes through to Allegheny, arriving at 8.08 p. m. The 7.21 a. in. train connects at Blairsville at 11.05 a. m. with the Mail east, and the 2.38 p. m. train at C.59 With the Philadelphia Ex press east. Trains arrive at Bntler on Weat Penn R. R. at 9.51 a. m., 5 Of, and 7.20 p. ra., Butler time. The 9,51 and 5.08 trains connect with trains on the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun 'ay train arrives at Butler at ll.lt a. in., connecting with train for Parker. Main Line. Through trains leare Pittsburgh for the E.i»' at 2.58 and 8.26 a. ni. and 12 51, 4.21 ar.d 8.08 p. m arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20 p. m. and 3.00, 7.00 and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore about the same t me, at New York three hours later, and at Washington about one and a half hours later. LAND FOR" SALE. ~ Valuable Farm for Sale. The undersigned offers at private sale tho farm lately owned by Robert Oilleland, dee'd, late of Middlesex township, containing 162 Arm, more or less, with a two-story brick house and bank barn, hay house, wagon ahed and other outbuildings. Two good orchards thereon. 130 acres cleared, balance in good timber, easy of access, br about oi.e-half mile from Batler and Pittsburgh plank road and 1W miles from new narrow-gauge railroad, is well improved and in good condition, snd ia well adapted for dairy puntoses. For tern.* apply to JAMES WILSON, Agent. deelTtf] Bakcrhtown, Allegheny Co., Pa. For teale. The well-improved farm of Re*. W. R. Hutch ison, in the nortboast corner of Middlesex town ship, Butler countv. Pa . is now offered for sale, low. In<jnire of W. K. FRISBEE, on the prem ises. »pl6tf 2,500,000 ACRES LAND Situated In and near the UPPER ARKANSAS VALLEY, IN SOUTH WESTERN KANSAS, —OX TBI- ■ Atchisoa, Topeka & Santa Fe B. R. 11 Years' Credit. 7 per Cf nt. Interest Tte flrst payment at d ite of purchase la one tenth of the principal and serai percent, inter est on the remainder. At the end of the flrst and second year, only the Interest at feveu per cent. Is paid ; and the third year, and each year thereafter, one tenth Ol the prlucipal, with seven per cent. Interest on the balance, Is paid annually until the whole U paid. Six years' credit, 20 per discount. Two years' credit, 30 per cent. di*connt. Cash purchase, 83 1-8 per cent. discount The valley of tho Upper Arkansas l» Juatly celebrated for Its adaptability to WHEAT RAISING nnd the superior quality of lt» grain. As a STOCK-RAWING and WOOL-GROWING cooutry, it otters advantages that cannot lie ex celled. Good soil, abuudauce of pure water, a mild and remarkably healthy climate, with low prices and easy terms, make up a total of in ducements greater than is offered anywhere else on the continent of America. For lull particulars, inquire of or address C. A. SEYMOUR. General Eastern Passenger Agent, my2l-ly] 419 Broadway. N. Y. 199 Main St, Buflalo, N. Y. PHYSICIANS. JOHN E PHYSICIAN AND SURG EON, iny2l-ly] BUTLER, PA. FINANCIAL. Ainu (mnnni lj,Teßt ® dm WiUJHt - ' ,tock, plaining everything. Address BAXTER A CO., Bankers, oct9 7 Wall street N. Y. EDUCATIONAL. Exclusively devoted to the practical educa tion of young and middle-aged men, for active huaineMH life. School always in *emion. Stu dents can enter at any time. for circular. J. C. SMITH, A. M.. Principal, »ept24-"in Pittsburgh, Pa. DENTISTS. DEHTISTH/Y." OU VVALDRON, Grrduate ot the Phil ip adclpbia Dental College,ls prepared • 11 sto do anything in the line of his profession in a satisfactory manner. Offlee on Main street, Botler, Union block, up Main. apll BANKS. THE BUTLER SAVINGS BUNK BUTLER. PA. NEARLY OPPOSITE LOWBY HOUSE. CAPITAL Wv. CaKPmax, J as. D. Axdbmok, President. Vice President. W*. Campbell, Jr., Casbier. DIMCTOM William Campbell, J. W. Irwin, Jaa. D. Anderson, Qsorgs Weber, Joseph L. Purvis. Does a Oeneral Banking k Exchange business. Interest p4d on time deposits. Collections made and prompt returae at low rates of Exctiange- Oold. Exchange and Government Bonds bought and sold. Commercial paper, bonds, Judgment and other securities bought at fair ratee. |a2o:ly VOL. XVIT. INSURANCE. "BUTLER county Mutual Fire Insurance Co. Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts. G. C. ROESSIXG, PRESIDENT. \VM CAMPBELL. TUEASCRKR 11. C. IIEINEMAN, SHCRKTAUY DIRECTORS: J. L. Purvis, E. A. Uelmboldt, William Campbell, J. W. Bui K. hart, A. Troutman, Jacob Schoene, 6. C. Roeaslng, Johu Caldwell, Dr. W. lrviu, Samuel Marshall, J.W.Christy 11. C. Hdiueiusn. JAS. T, M'JUNKIN, Gen, A*'t- BUTLER PA. 11l YORK WEEKLY HERALD. ONE DOLLAR A YEAH. The circulation NF this pcijnlar NEWSPAPER hat more than trebled during the past year. It contains aU the LEADING contaiued in the Dailt Beuld. and is arranged in handy de partments. The FOREIGN NEWS embracei special dinpatcliea f. >rn all quirters of the globe. Under t!:e head of AMERICAS NEWS are given the Telegraphic DIR-PATS!'** of tho week from All parts of the Union- This fea ture aioae make* THE WEEKLY HERALD the li:ot-:t valuable cUrotielo iu the world, an it is the cheapest. Every week is given a faithful report of POLITICAL NEWS, etrbracing complete and comprelieiinive d:N patcbes from Washington, inelndiug full re ports of the fpeeclicu of eminent pohticiaus on the questions of the hoar. THE FARM DEPARTMENT of the XV KLT riKiui-D gives the LITEST as well AA UIS most prac'icsl sojzgestioni and discover ies relating to the duties of the farmer, hints for raiting Cattlk. Poci.tby, Grains, Tbees, Vegetable*, AC., Ac., with suggestions for keeping buildings and farming utensiie in re pair. This is I*U(;p!om-)Ht-.d by a well-edited department, widely copied, nn ier the head of THE HOME. giving recipes for piactical cliches, hints for making clothing and for keeping np with the latest fashions at the lowest piice. Every item of cooking or economy sngirested in this de partment is pra -ticallv tested L>v experts before publication. Let'ers from our I'M is nnd Lon don correspondents on the very latest fashions. The Home Department of the Weekly Heuai.d will save the housewife more than one hundred times the price of the paper. The interests of SKILLED LABOR are looked after, and everything relating to me chanics and labor saving is carefully record**!. TEere is a page devoted to all the latest phases of the business maik' ts. Crops, Merchandise, Ac.. Ac. A VILNIBLFI feature is found in the mieciallv reported prices and conditions of THE I'ROLUCE MARKET. Sroimo News at home and abroad, together with a Htom every week, a Heuhos by some eminent divine, Musical, Duamatic, Pkkmosal and Sea Notes. There is no paper in the world which contains so much news matter eveiy week as the Weekly llehald. which is Bent, postage free, for One Dollar. You can subscribe at anv (free. THE NEW Y'JltK HERALD, in A weekly form, ONE DOLLAR A YEAR. Adnress, NEW YORK HRKALD,_ dec 24 Cm] Rroadway A Ann St., New Yoik. The Only Known Homed}- THAT ACTS AT THE «A*E TI*E O* THE LIVER, THE BOWELS, and the KIDNEYS. 77iii combiral aclirm gitm it vonderfvl ptneer to cure all (lieeavt. Why are we Sick ? Became wc all. w the.a gnat orjara to be come clogged or torpid, and jnimiiout humort are thcrrforc forced into the blond tiicit should be expelled naturally. mm-—-' BILI.IOCBKEKS, PJIES, COSSTIPATIOS, KIDHET COMPL'.INTS, CHIS lit 1 DIS EASES, FE J A I.E WEAKNESSES, A3D SEKVOL'S DIHOBDERS, bp eaumng fret action cf tliete organs and restoring their strength and potoer to throw off disease. MB WHY Suffer Billion* pain* AND achest *3l Why be tora.l>sted with I'll". ar.d T'ON«t:;.JT;EN I WHY fright* ll~d ovi.-«l!>ior<!rr.''l I'lrlin J » I WHY failure nervous hridnrhis acd »HF|dttj nighrs Ut* K.IDNKY-AVO ItT and rrjrjice 1., UmUA. It U a dm. rr'jrlc'jlt compovtul ami TM LEEKEGE will ucte tlx qua RU OT Medicine. QtiUof vo'ir Drujgl t,hf. frillonU.• it/or y<m. mm, BXCZASX372? h SO., rreplotrfs. S-'Uazta, 7t. msHOTlisl" SBGUNJ&Hss Ifntk. Melt, Bo.€ I Ynttm. JW < 'rtftm ft mi runrh. AI«o our < •.lehrai** KruturkH jt I fir I't stO. Warranted or »I» talr. F<I.J tvl I LLUKUNLVIL CAL:.! O/UL A.VL L'r ,< .J 1.1 ■to JAMES BOWN A 80N«, LitarprlHOuWorks, M3O A: t3S *.f.. Established IMS. riTTUBt rv 11, Notice Extraordinary. Persons desiring to have their Old Furniture repaired, or New Work mxle to order, sacti as Music Htandn. Rook Cases, Wardrobes, Ottire Desks, Oflice Tables. Ac., would do well to call on A. B. WII.HOIV, Practical Cabinet Maker. 1 hold that a piece of furnilnre ma<le by hand is worth two made by mtchinery. and will cost but little more, if any. Then why not have hand made 't All work made in tl'.e latest stylos and of the beet mateiiil. I guarantee ENTIRE sat isfaction in stvle, workmanship aud price. Give me a call. Bhop CM Miflliti stnet four doors west of Main street, and opposite A. Troutman'S atore, Bntler, I'a. *cpl7-ly ALL PARTIES GOING WEriT TO lowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado or California, SHOULD GO VIA THE Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. CaFTiekota can be had at all oillccs where Western tickets are sold. aplfitf Union Woolen Mills. I would desire to call the attention of the public to the Union Woolen Mill, Butler, Pa., where I have new aud improved machinery for the manufacture of Barred and Gray Flannels, Knitting and Woaving Yum A, and I can lecommnnr] them as being very dura ble, as tliey are manufactured of pure Butler oounty wool. They are beautiful > I color, su perior in teitnra, and will 1M sold at very low price*. For samples and prices, address, 11. FULLERTON, Jnl34.'7H-ly) llutlor. Pa Ci t~Cif\ 70 P*KE catalogue X>l M I tr ee. BUCKEYE NOVELTY CO., ™ VVV fns-3m] CFCI? katj, Oufo. A GRETNA OLE EN IN TIIE UNITED STATES. The little town of Aberdeen, Ohio, on the Ohio River, sixty-one miles above Cincinnati, is known as the Gretna Green of America, and it mer its the title. It is a village of four or five hundred inhabitants, directly oppo site the flourishing Kentucky town of Maysville. Its people are mostly re tired farmers and their families, with the usual sprinkling of lawyers, doctors, parsons and storekeepers. It has a '.Squire, also, who is a "bigger man than old Grant" in this regiou, and the sole and undisputed proprietor and manager of the only runaway mar riage establishment in Ohio. He is not the founder of the business. Ilis predecessor carried it on for fifteen years, and in that time made more than four thousand young couples one and happy, and exasperated a corresponding number of stern fathers and unrelenting mothers. The present owner, 'Squire Massie Beasley, has managed the es tablishment for five years, and in that time has united only thirteen hundred couples, but he hopes, by strict atten tion to business, to merit the kind pa tronage of a generous public, and in the next five years increase his busi ness four-fold. He is a wrinkled, wiry oid feliow, of uncertain age, and he informed mc in confidence that the general financial paralysis of the past five years bad seriously affected his receipts. "They can't raise the money," he said—"that is, a good many of 'em can't—and my terms are cash on de livery." He has no regular charge, but al ways demands something, and the figure depends on the degree of grati tude and happiness which the groom feels after the ceremony is performed. He has received as high as SIOO for uniting a couple, but this was an ex ceptional case. His reward averages $lO, and, as he marries at least five couples a week, the profit is not to be despised, especially in this part of the country, where you can board at the l>est hotel for $1 a day. Maysville is at the head or the foot (I don't know which) of the blue grass country, and, as he depends on Ken tucky almost altogether for patronage, you at once perceive the advantages of the location. Maysville has good roads leading from it to all parts of the State, and two ferryboats are ready day and night to carry the fugitives from Ken tucky to Abderdeen. The marriage laws of Kentucky are very strict. If either of the contract ing parties is under age, it is necessary, before a license can be obtained from the Clerk of the County Court, that the parent or guardian shall give his consent. Parents and guardians are cautious and obdurate; love is blind and impulsive. The voung people can't get married in Kentucky without a license, but they can at (iretna Green ; so, watching a favorable oppor tunity, tbey slip away from the old folks, and the accommodating 'Squire is ready, day or night, to perform the ceremony that will enable them to defy their parents. 'Squire Beasley's predecessor was a regularly appointed Justice of the Peace, and legally empowered to per form the marriage ceremony, provided the parties were eligible. His inquiries as to the eligibility of the parties who came before him were never very searching, and he did not require them to produce a license. The Courts of Ohio aud of Kentucky refused to acknowledge the legality of a marriage unless a license b?;d been obtained, and as 80 per cent, of the couples married by the 'Squire and living together as husband and wife htul not obtained a license, serious complications arose, and Chancery and Orphans' Court cases multiplied. The Governors of both States were petitioned to set the matter straight. Accordingly, about two years ago, the Legislatures of Kentucky and Ohio passed laws legal izing all the marriages that had been performed in Aberdeen for the past seventeen or eighteen years. When the founder of the marriage establishment died, there was no Jus tice appointed to his place. .Massie Beasley seized the opportunity to start up the old business without going through the formality of getting an appointment as Justice. lie announced himself as ready to perform marriage ceremonies, and signed himself there after "Massie lieu-ley, Esq., Acting Justice of the Peace." Legally he has no more to perform the mar riage ceremony than your correspond ent, but he told me that, under the common law, his marriages would be legal, lie issues the following certifi cate : AliKi:l>l:i.N, Broun County, Ohio. Know alt nun In/ t'uxr /truant* : 1 hut on the fifteenth day of December, one thousand I hundred and Heventv-niiie, appeared before me at my office in Aberdeen, lirown county, Ohio, John Smith, of .Maysville, Mason county, Ky., and Jane Jones, <>l' Paris, Itotirbon county, Ky., and enterc I into a contract of marriage, in the presence of the following u'ittnesscs : MASHII: ISI.AHI.KV, [Seal.] Acting Justice of the Peace. ..... I Jons IK»k. XV j MAItV I)OK. Provided with this document, the runaways go home and ask forgiveness and tin; paternal and maternal blessing. This point gained, it is very easily to go before a legal officer and get the bond cemented so strongly that noth ing but law or death can dissolve it. Many of them do this, but the majority are content to accept Massie Beasley's ceremony us legal. It is doubtful whether these marriages would stand theteiitof a Court of law, however, either in Ohio or Kentucky. Many romances could be founded on the experiences of this old 'Squire. Very often the twain who seek his services art; hotly pursued, and then the words that are spoken are "short and few " It is related of tho first 'Squire that his ceremonies were of the most laconic description. A couple would present themselves, the woman trembling and blushing, the man bold and confident. "Join hands," the old 'Squire would cry. This done, he would turn to the man and ask: I "Have her?" BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 7, ISSO. "Yes." "Have him ?" "Yes." "Hitched. Five dollars." When tin l fee was handed out by the happy husband, he made out the "certificate," and the two departed re joicing. A few weeks ago the Catholic i Bishop across the river referred to these marriages from the pulpit, char acterizing Massie Beasley as a "dirty old 'Squire," and threatiling to excom municate any of his flock who got married before him. The 'Squire re plied iu a letter, which was published in all the local newspapers, and the consfquence of this notoriety was a large increase of his business. "Nothin' like advertisin'," chuckled the 'Squire, as he showed me his book of registry aud pointed out the in crease. "I wish all the parsons, and priests and bishops in Kentucky would attack me. Lord bless your soul, I'd have more business than I could 'tend to." A PITTSBURGH CHURCH MIL ITANT. PITTSBURGH, Dec. 21, 187H.—The troubles of the First Reformed Presby terian Church iu this city will not down. Yesterday the faction oppo.-ing the Rev. Nevin Woodside, pastor-elect, announced through a newspaper that the Rev. Robert Clyde would occupy the pulpit in the evening, the commit tee on supplies of the Presbytery hav ing so directed. The Woodside people came back through the evening papers, announcing that Woodside would preach both morning and evening. The anti-Woodsiders appointed 3.:J0 p. M. as the hour for their services, and still determined to hold the church against the opposing faction. Wood side this morning announced that the Sabbath School would be held at half past two, an hour later than usual. Shortly after three o'clock the anti- Woodside faction gathered at the church, and Dougald Munn took a seat in front to leatl the prayer-meeting, Mr. Clyde having declined to preach. R. C. Miller, a Woodside man, told Munn there would be a row if they held services, and soon after Sunday School was dismissed Munn announced to the audience that the Session of the church had decided to postpone the services. "What Session? This church has no Session !" exclaimed Woodside. "This church has a Session," chimed in Treasurer James Houston. This proved the signal for a row. Woodside pulled off his overcoat and with the crowd rushed up around Houston anil Alexander Ulaek, another Trustee. A regular melee ensued. Klder Dickson was struck on the head and severely cut with a poker. Stew art, son of Elder Munn, was knocked off a chair and his spectacles went flying over the seats. Elder Bickersteff was run out of the church by the Woodside men and received a severe fall. Trustee Borckley was struck on the head, face and wrist with an um brella by one of Mun's men. Numer ous other blows were struck and severe bruises received. The excitement ran high and Elder Munn rushed for the assistance of the police, but the disturbance was quelled before the officers arrived. Mrs. Munn gave Woodside a red-hot tongue-lash ing, and foul language and even pro fanity was heard on all sides. A half dozen young iuen or more, belonging to either faction, were under the in fluence of whisky. The scenes were certainly the most disgraceful ever had in this city. At the evening services Woodside said, from the pulpit, that so long as he was pastor no man else had the right to preach there, and, until lie was deposed by higher authority, no man should come into the pulpit with out his consent. And thus the mat ter stands now, but where it will end no one can tell. A LONG-LIVED QUEEN. [London Herald.] And now, as she looks back on the two anil forty years of her reign, what changes has Her Majesty seen in the personnel of her Privy Council, her Parliament, and her Cabinet Ministers, to say nothing of her Judicial and Episcopal bench ! She has outlived by several years every Bishop and every Judge whom she found seated on those benches in England, Scotland and Ire land. She has witnessed the funeral of every Premier who has served un der her, except Lord Beaconsfield and Mr. Gladstone. .Not a Cabinet officer of her uncle and predecessor's days now survives, and those who held in ferior offices under her first and favor ite Premier, Lord Melbourne, I can find among the living only Lord Hali ' fax (then Charles Wood) and Lord Mowing (now Lord Grey). Of the mcmliers of the Privy Council which sat at Kensington Palace on that bright summer morning in June, 18:57, to administer the oaths to the girlish Queen, I can find in the land of the living only four individuals—(Jeorge S. Byng (now Lord Strafford), Sir Stratford Canning (now Lord Strat ford de Redeliffe), Lord Robert Gros venor (now Lord Ebury), and the vet eran Earl of Wilton. Indeed, it may be said that Her Majesty has lived to receive at court in very many, per haps in most instances, the successive wearers of the same coronet, and she has seen four Lords Beauchamp, four Lords Aberdeen, four Dukes of New castle, four Dukes of Northumberland, and five Lords Rodney. She has re ceived the homage of four Archbishops of Canterbury, of four Archbishops of York, and of five Bishops of Canter bury, Lichfield and Durham success ively. She has filled three of the Chief Justiceships twice at least; she has received the addresses of four suc cessive Speakers of the House of Com mons ; she has intrusted the great s«al of the kingdom to no less than nine different Lord Chancellors, and she has commissioned eight successive Premiers to form no less than thirteen different administrations. —Doesn't come ajiji*»—A boy baby. I El>l SO N S EL ECTR IU LWIIT. THE GREAT INVENTOR MAKES A NEW AND REMARKABLE 111 SCO VERY. rN. u York Herald, oftlie 2!M nlt.l Kdison's oloctrit* llfhl i-* priwliMvtl froiu :i little piece nf j»ajn r—a tiny strip that a breath would blow away. Through this little strip of paper i? passed an electric current, and the re sult is a bright, beautiful light, like the uiellow sunset of au Italian au tunsn. Edison makes the little piece of paper more infusible tliiu platinum, more durable than granite. And this involves no complicated process. The pajier is merely baked in an oven un til all its elements have passed away except its carbon framework. The latter is then placed in a glass jrlobe connected with the wires leading to the electricity producing machine, and the air exhausted from the globe. Then the apparatus is ready to give out a light that produces no deleteri ous gas-s, no smoke, no offensive odors—a litrht without flame, without danger, requiring no matches to ignite, giving out but little ln»at, vitiating no air, and free from all flickering; a light that is a little globe of sunshine, a veritable Aladdin's lamp. And this light, the inventor claims, can be pro duced cheaper than that from the cheajiest oil. Sitting one night in his laboratory reflecting on some of the unfinished details, Edison began abstractedly rolling between his fingers a piece of compressed lampblack mixed with tar for use in his telephone. For several minutes his thoughts continued far away, his fingers in the meantime mechanically rolling out the little piece of tarred lampblack untill it had become a slender filament. Happen ing to glance at it the idea occurred to him that it might give good result as a burner if made incandescent. A few minutes later the experiment was tried, and, to the inventor's gratifica tion, satisfactory, although not sur prising, results were obtained. Fur ther experiments were made, with al tered forms and composition of the substance, each experiment demon strating that at last the inventor was upon the right track. A COTTON THREAD. A spool of cotton thread lay on the table in the laboratory. The inventor cut off a i-mall piece, put it in a groove between two clamps of iron, and placed the latter iu the furnace. The satisfactory light obtained from the tarred lampblack had convinced him that filaments of carbon of a tex ture not previously used in electric lighting were the hidden agents to make a thorough success of incandes cent lighting, and it was with this view that he sought to test the carbon remains of a cotton thread. At the expiration of an hour he removed the iron mould containing the thread from the furnace and took out the delicate carbon framework of the thread—all that was left of it after its fiery ordeal. This slender filament he placed in a globe and connected it with the wires leading to the machine generating the electric current. Then he extracted the air from the globe and turned on the electricity. Presto ! a beautiful light greeted his eyes. He turns on more current ex pecting the fragile filament instantly to fuse ; but no, the only change is a more brilliant light. He turns on inore current, and still more, but the delicate thread remains entire. Then, with characteristic impetuosity and wondering, and marveling at the strength of the little filament, he turns on the full power of his machine and eagerly watches the consequence. For a minute or more the tender thread seems to struggle with the intense heat passing through it—heat that would melt the diamond itself—then at last it succumbs and all is darkness. The powerful current had broken it in twain, but not before it had emitted a light of several gas jets. Eagerly the inventor hastened to examine under the microscope this curious filament, apparently so delicate, but in reality much more infusible than platinum, so long considered one of the most in fusible of metals. The microscope showetl the surface of the filament to be highly polished and its parts inter woven with each other. THE PAPER LIGHT. It was also noticed that the filament had obtained a remarkable degree of hardness compared with its fragile i character before it was subjected to the action of the current. Night and day, with scarcely rest enough to eat a hearty meal or catch a brief repose, the inventor kept up his experiments, and from carbonizing pieces of thread he went to splinters of wood, straw, paper, and many other substances never before used for that purpose, j The results of his experiments showed ' that the substance best adapted for carbonization and the giving out of incandescent light was paper prefera ' bly thick like cardboard, but giving I good results even when very thin, j The beautiful character of the illumi nation and the steadiness, reliability, ; and non-fusibility of the carbon fila j ment were not the only elements in cident to the new discovery that | brought joy to the heart of Edison. There was a further element—not the less necessary because of its being hidden—the element of a proper and uniform resistance to the passaire of the electric current. The inventor's efforts to obtain this | element had been by far the most laborious of any in the history of Lis i work from the time he undertook the task, and without it absolute success to electric incandescent illumination, could not lie predicted, even though all the other necessary properties were j present in the fullest degree. ]' issing over the scores of experi ments made since the discovery that the carbon framework of a little piece of paper or thread was the best sub stance possible for incandescent light ing, we come to consider the way in which the same is prepared at the pres ent time in the laboratory. MAKING TIIK PAPER CARBON. With a suitable punch there is cut , from a piece of "Bristol" cardboard a strip of the sume in the form of a min- iature horseshoe, about two inches in length and one-eighth of an inch in width. A number of these strips are laid flatwise in a wrought iron mould about the size of the hand and sep arated from each other bv ti? ;: ue pnper The mould i lhen covered and placed in an oven, where it is gradually raise d to a temperature of about six hundred degrees Fahrenheit. This allows the volatile portions of the paper to pass'away. The mould is then placed in a furnace and heated almost to a while heat, and then re moved and allowed to cool gradually. On opening the mould the charred re mains of the little horseshoe cardboard arc found. It must be taken out with the greatest care, else it will fall to pieces. After lieing removed from the mould it is placed t'n a little globe and attached to the wires leading to the generating machine. The globe is then connected with an air pump, and the latter is at once set to work ex tracting the air. After the air has been extracted tho globe is sealed, and the lamp is ready for use. REGULATED AT THE MAIN, LIKE GAS— CHEAP. He finds that the electricity can be regulated with entire reliability at the central station, just as the pressure of gas is now regulated. By his system of connecting the wires, the extin guishment of certain of the burners af fects the others uo more than the ex tinguishment of the same numl)er of gas burners affects those drawing the supply from the same mains. The simplicity of the completed lamp seems certainly to have arrived at the high est point, and Edison asserts that it is scarcely possible to simplify it more. The entire cost of constructing them is not more than twenty-five cents. EASY METAMORPHOSIS. The lamp shown is a table lamp. For chandeliers, it would consist of only the vacuum globe and the carbon filament attached to the chandelier and connected to the wires leading to the generating machine in a central station, perhaps a half mile away, the wires being run through the gas pipes, so that in reality the only change ne cessary to turn a gas jet into an elec tric lamp is to run the wires through the gas pipe, take off the jet, and screw the electric lamp in the latter's place. Although the plans have been fully consummated for general illumi nation, the outline of the probable sys tem to be adopted is the locating of a central station in large cities in such a manner that each station will supply an area of about one-third of a mile. In each station there will ba, it is con templated, one or two engines of im mense power, which will drive several generating machines, each generating machine supplying about fifty lamps. ANU / /•: N T IIA N KINO. .Mr. F. (}. Hilton Price, F. Q. S., read a paper at the opening meeting of the Institute of Bankers, entitled "Notes on Ancient Bankers and Gold smiths to the Close of the Seventeenth Century." Mr. Price, who is the au thor of "The Handbook of London Bankers," gave a large number of ven' interesting facts on the subject, refer ring in the opening part of his paper to the little that is known of the opera tions of banking, or trade of an equiv alent character, among the Chinese and Hindoos as far back as 22f>0 B. C. Although there were no actual records of banking among the ancient Egyp tians, yet it appeared certain that that class of traders existed, as was inferred from various uses made of precious metals. Some of the monetary trans actions mentioned in the Bible some 2,000 years 11 C. were also referred to. The author dwelt on the recent discov eries made in Assyria by the late Geo. Smith, of the British Museum, and gave translations of tablets discovered by that gentleman, especially in con nection with the tablets of checks, re ceipts and other records of a great firm of the name of Egibi, who flour ished .V.17 B. ('. These tablets ho clas sified in order. A remarkable fact in connection with tho tablets was that each bore the day of the month, date and regnal year of the monarch in whoso reign the transactions were made. Among the tablets was also a bank almanac of tjie firm, containing the complete calendar of the Babylo nian year. It apjieared from this dis closuru that the usurious rate of cent per cent, was sometimes charged on loans. The speaker then passed on to notice the monetary transactions of the Greeks, among whom, especially in Athens, there were plenty of money dealers. Bills of exchange were, in these early times, made use of, and could be transmitted from place to place 'Although much was known of the Roman practice, there was no in formation whether the check—the at tributis, or per scriptum—was capable of being transferred to any one else by the person who received it, or whether it was only payable to the drawee. Ilecent discoveries at Pompeii, in the ■house of a Roman banker, had re sulted in unearthing the actual tablets used in his banking business, and they represented receipts for payment and the registration of payments made to the public exchequer. After the Nor man Conquest, t lie Jews were brought to England by William 1., and intro duced bills of exchange and the prac tice of lending money at interest upon security of landed property. The next point noticed was the rise and progress of tin- goldsmiths, chiefly in London. Previous to the fire, goldsmiths lived in Chcpe. After the fire they removed to Lombard street. About the time ot Charles I the goldsmiths had su|>er tluous bullion in the Tower of London for safe keeping; but this led to the King seizing the whole, amounting to £200,000, and it was some time In-fore the sum was repaid. —A colored political preacher once told his hearers that "publicans" were frequently mentioned in tho New Tes tament. "But de hull Bible," he con tinued, "from one lid to tother, don't say dimicrat wunst!" "Ah," said a deaf man who had been scoldmg his wife, "man wants but little hear below." THE YOUNG INDIAN. [Philadelphia Times.] In the spacious lecture room of the American Sunday School Uuion, 11M Cliestuut street, there was a large and intelligent audience a lew days ago. listening to accounts of the educa tional work for Indians, under the auspices of the Government, at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., and Hampton, Ya. Ex- Governor Pollock presided. Gen. S. C. Armstrong, Superintend ent of the Hampton Institute, speak ing of the sixty-eight Indian children there, said that it wat> only a little over a year since be received the first of them from Capt. H. 11. Pratt, IT. S. A., who was then at Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Fla., but who is uow Su perintendent of the Indian school estab lished at Carlisle Barracks about a month ago. He found that these young Indians bad not l>een used to obeying, but they were disposed to do right. They showed skill in all mechanical work, especially in leather manufactures. The object of the institute was to pre pare them to teach their own people to work intelligently. They were fond of drawing and sketching and of painting on pottery, and the institute encour aged them in this by giving them a little pocket-money for their work. They also liked to attend prayer-meet ings, questions and expressing their opinions there. Not being poly theistic their minds were the more easily moulded to truth. Being sent there by the Government, no denomi national influence was imposed upon them. Five of them, who were Ro man Catholics, had been given per mission, at the request of Bishop Keene, of Richmond, to attend mass. Nevertheless the institution was de cidedly Protestant, and if it was de sired to make Catholics of these youth they would have to be taken away from there. Geu. Armstrong l>elieved that there were in these Indian chil dren elements of power and an intense individuality to be found nowhere else outside of the Caucasian race. Capt. Prattt said that he had one hundred and fifty-six Indian children— forty girls and one hundred and sixteen boys—in the Carlisle school. They were brought there by him last month from the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail Agencies, away beyond the Black Hills, in Dakota. At first the Red Cloud people were not willing to part with their children, but after Captain Pratt's arguments to show that the superior attainments of the pale face were due to his education, they con sented. Two thousand Indians as sembled to see them off, and they cele brated the occasion by making presents to the old and poor of horses and other gifts, in behalf of the parents of the departing children. The Spotted Tail people were more willing at the outset than the others to let their chil dren go East. There was room for five hundred children at Carlisle, Capt. Pratt said, and it was a good means of testing this Indian educational question. He had asked the Government for enough of children to fill the place. All that the young Indians wanted was a chance— just what other children should have. Instead of having "a fence built around" the Indians, Capt. Pratt would like to see them scattered over the country, as the negro and other races were The Indians are not lazy. Somebody had to dig out of the ground what the Indian ate and wore; if the Indiau would not do it somebody else must, and if that somebody refused then there would be trouble. What good could be done, asked the speaker, in the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail Agencies, for instance, where there were seven thousand or more persons whom the Government expected to be taught farmiug by only one man and to be educated by only two school ma'ams ? Capt. Pratt thought that it would be beneficial also to let the In dians see the civilization of the large cities, so as to get an idea of what could be done through the medium of education. When educated the Indians should not be sent back, to be again drawn under by the resistless current of barbarism that could not be stemmed by the policy so far adopted by the Government. There was a hum of interest through out the audience when one of Capt. Pratt's Carlisle pupils, Etahdlcun Doanmoe (Hunting Boy), a youth of the Kiowa tribe, in Indian Territory, was led to the platform by ex-Governor Pollock. Before coming to Carlisle he was a pupil of Gen. Armstrong's, at Hampton, having been sent there by Captain Pratt from Florida. He is twenty-three years of age, with a candid, pleasing expression on his copper-colored face, and possessing all the physical characteristics of the typical Indian. Of neat personal ap pearance and a highly agreeable ad dress, he was attentively listened to as he gave, in broken, guttural English, a brief account of his life and adven tures. Ho expressed his appreciation of the advantages to be derived from education, and assured his hearers that he did not want to live again as his poor people lived in the ludian Ter ritory. He hoped to be a physician. Ex-Mayor Fox described the im pressions made upon him by what he luid heard, and spoke eloquently in advocacy of this movement. Similar remarks were made by ex-Governor Pollock, after which a resolution, offered bv ex-Mavor Fox, thanking i Gen. Armstrong and Capt. Pratt ami i urging a Congressional appropriation , for the purpose of promoting intelli gent education of the Indian, under the auspices of the Government, was unanimously adopted. —A skeptic who was badgering a simple-minded old man about the mir acles and Balaam's ass, finally said: "How is it possible for an ass to talk like a mau ?" "Well," replied the honest old believer, with meaning em phasis, "I don't see why it ain't just as easy for an ass to talk like a man as it is for a man to talk like an a*S." —When people are killed by an , overdose of opiates isn't It laudan'um I to the xVfa" ? ADVERTISING KATES, One nqnare, on* insertion, 91; wh iuU inciit insertion, 60 cent*. Yearly advertisement* exccidiug one-fourth of a column, f5 per inch. Figure work double these rates; additional '•liaise# where weekly or monthly changes are rasde. Local advertisements 10 cents iter liuA for first insertion, and 5 cento |>«r line tut each additional insertion. Umiriagee and deaths pub lished free <>f charge. Obituary notices charged as ad Torti turnout*. an 1 |ut\*bl-i when handed in Auditors' Notices, ft; Kiecntors' and Adminis trators' Notices. 43 each; Estrav. Caution an* Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten linee, each. From the fact that the CITIZM is the olden' established and moat extensively circulated Re publican nenrsfiaper in Butler county, (a Hepub hean county) it must be apparent* to business men that it is the medium they should use in advertising their business. NO. 7. NICELY CAUGHT. WHY A WESTERN RESERVE LEOTSLATOR WILL VOTE FOR A WOMAN. f< ..lumbt:s Cor. of the lievelund Leader.] There tire many humorous incidents connected with the organization of the General Assembly which seldom come to the surface. An amusing piece of history in connection with the formation of the next Legislature has just leaked out, aud the principal in the affair, the one on whom the joke rests, has finally owned up, saving there cau be uotbing gained in hold iug the facts back, uow that there has been a suspicion aroused. Soon after the election Senator elect Horr, of Wellington, Lorain county, received among other letters asking for his support for various posi tions, one from L. C. Darst which he promptly answered. Soon after Mr. Horr. while reading the papers, no ticed the announcement that Miss Lillie C. Darst, editress of the Circle ville Herald, was a candidate for Re cording Clerk in the Senate. It just then occurred to the Senator-elect that he had rather placed himself on record ; he had written the lady and addressed her as L. C. Darst, Esq. Here was trou ble, but the law-maker-elect after con sidering the benefit of time-locks in banking houses at once set about to repair the demoralizing effect he thought might follow the latter. With true gallantry the jovial gentleman procured some of the most killing note paper, gilt edged, probably per fumed, and composed one of those most ample apologies to Miss Darst, who appreciating the situation the "reserved" gentleman was in allayed his anxiety by penning the following letter, which in due course of time found its way to the Senator-elect, who now congratulates himself on the happy termination of his troubles. CIRCLEVILLE, ()., Dec. 1, IX7O. Hon. R. A. Horr: DEAR SIR : lam so used to being addressed as "L. C. Darst," that I really feel lost without the title, and dare say I shall sail up to the polls and vote some day in sheer forgetful ness. An editor is an impersonal sort of person at any rate, and I do not think a copy of the Herald conveys the idea at first glance, or even on peru sal, that it is edited and published by a lady. I want my work judged as work, not as a "woman's work," and now that you have "abetter acquaintance," when I see you in Columbus, and ask the favor of your vote and influence, I will not only not be offended, I will be quite delighted, if you say "Yes, sir." Will you not? Sincerely, L. C. DARST. Now what can the Senator-elect say to this sharp response? He thinks he can only say "Yes, sir," and if there are any others who have been addressing Miss Lillie C. Darst as "My Dear Sir," and "Esq." tbey will doubtless IHJ pleased to do as Senator Horr says he shall—vote for her. When such sharp and spicy letters reach a member it has a tendency to fetch him, and when Miss Darst asks for his vote he'll not refuse to grant the request. The fact is he "Darst" not. A MOUNTAIN OF GOLD. [From the I'lurnix (Arirona) Herald.] Some excitement is being created among the Mexican population of Phoenix by the story of a Mexican, who arrived last evening from the Reno Mouutains. He camo into town under cover of darkness, as he was nearly naked. His hands and feet were torn and bloody and his face gashed in a fearful manner. His story was told with the air of a man who had been terribly frightened and had not recov ered. With a companion he started out prospecting about a month ago, going up Salt river. They left the river when opposite the Superstitious Mountain. Their prospecting began at this point. While climbing up the mountain, in a little gully, through black sand, and down which a large stream of water had evidently passed years ago, tbey were astonished to "find that in this sand were large quan tities of fine gold. In some places the sand was only about half an inch deep over the granite. The gold, in pieces the size of a l>ean and smaller, was found in the little fissures in the face of the bed-rock. Very little wash ing was necessary, and they found a lit tle spring of water which furnished them what they needed. They ob tained, they think, about sfioo worth in naif a day's work. About 2 o'clock in the afternoon they were surprised to see an Indian woman come to the top of the gulch above the spring and start to come down. Upon seeing them she ran back over the hill. In less than ten minutes they were sur rounded by fifty or sixty savages. The Indians were very small, and seemed to lie of a different nature than they had seen in Arizona. The Mexicans were not armed, except with knives, and the survivor says they were almost instantly caught with lar iats. Thejlndians took them up the mountain and put them in a cavo. They tortured and killed his compan ion, and his fate would have been tho same but for his escape, lie succeeded in getting away with only a few knife gashes on his face. They lost their gold with all their outfit. The Indians seemed to be cave-dwellers, and were evidently excited over the place lieing found by outsiders. Our reporter's limited knowledge of the Spanish lan guage makes it impossible for us to ob tain all the particulars of the affair. For the benefit of non-residents we will say that Superstition Mountain derives its name from the fact that no white man has ever l»ecn seen again who at tempted its ascension. It is a tradition amoug the Mexicans that large depos its of free gold are to lie found in its gulches and ravines. It is not known whether there is any water there or not. —A little boy was asked if he had a good memory." "No," said he, "but I hive a tfood forgethry."