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Par Tear, in tdnne* #1 M a 00 No ■abacription will be discontinued until all arrearages are paid. Poetmaetare neglecting to notifv us when Bubecribera do not take out their papers will be held liable (or the anbeeription. Subscribers removing from one poatofßce to another should give u# the name of the former •a well aa the present office. All communications intended for publication n tliia paper muat be accompanied by the real name of the writer, not for publication, bat as • guarantee of good faith. Marriage and death notice* mnat be aooompa nied by a responsible name. A dHrAM TBI BOTf.SR CITIXKH, BOTLER. PA. TBAVEIIERS' GUIDE. BCTLBK, KJBNS CITT AND PARKBB RAILROAD Trains leave Butler for Bt. Joe, Millerstown, Karns City, Pet rolls, Parker, etc., at 7.27 a. m., aud 2 25 and 7.25 p. m. Tralus arrive at Butler from the above named points at 7.17 a. m., and 2.15, and 7.15 p. m. The 8.15 train connects with train on the West Penti roid ibrouKh to Pittsburgh. SHKVAKOO ASD ALLBGHEST BAILKOAD. Trains leave Hilliard's Mill, Butler county, for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. m. and 12.20 and 2.20 p. m. guiiree leave Fetrolia at 5.30 a. m. lor 7.40 train, aud at 10.00 a. m. for 12 20 train. Return stages leave Hilliard oil arrival of trains at 10.27 a. m. and 1.50 p. m. Stage leaves Martinsburg at 9.30 for 12.80 train. PBNNBTLVABIA RAILROAD. Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.) Market at 5.06 a. m., goes through to Alle gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. m. This train con nects at Free port with Freeport Accommoda tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. m., railroad time. . _ . Erpreu at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler Junction, without change of car*, at 8.28 with Express west, arriving In Allegheny at 9.5S a. m., and Express east arriving at Blalravllle at 11.00 a. m. railroad time. Mail at 2.38 p. m., connecting at Butler Junc tionwithout change ot cars, with Express west, arriving in Allegheny at 5.26 p. in., and Ex press cast arriving at Blairsviile Intersection at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects with Philadelphia Express ea«t, when on time. The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blairsviile at 11.05 a. m. with the Mail east, and the 2.36 p. m. train at 8.59 with the Philadelphia Ex press east. Trains arrive at Bntler on Weat Peon R. R. at 9.51 a. m., 5 0« aud 7.20 p. m., Butler time. The 9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun "ay train arrives at Butler at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train for Parker. Main Line. Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the East at 2.56 and 8.26 a. ra. and 12 51, *.21 and 8.06 p. m., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20 p. in. and 3.00, 7.0 • and 7.40 a. ra.; at Baltimore about the same time, at New York three hours later, and at Washington about one and a halt hours later. PHYSICIANS.. " JOHN E. BYERS, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, my2l-ly] BUTLER, PA. DENTISTS. DEIsTTISTRY. o|# WALDRON. Graduate ot the Phil- B add phia Dental College, is prepared. • fl sto do anything in the line of his profession in a satisfactory manner. Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block, up stairs, *pll LAND FOR SALE! C= FORSALR A handsome six-room frame house, located on Bluff street, northwestern part of Butler. Lot 50x176. All necessary outbuildings. TERMS—One-third cash and balance in four equal annual payments. Inquire at this office. janMtf For bale. The wall-improved farm of Rev. W. R. Hutch ison, in the northeaat oorner of Middlesex town ship, Bntler county, Pa., is now offered for sala. low. Inquire of W. K. FRIBBEE, on the prem ises. apl6tf FOR SALE. (5 will buy a one-half intereat In a good bus iness in Pittsburgh. One who knows some thing about farmipg preferred. An honest man with the above amount will do well to address by letter. SMITH JOHNS, care S. M. James, 93 Liberty street; Pittsburgh, Pa. |au27-ly INSURANCE. Incorporated 1819. £TNA INSURANCE COMPANY OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT. Acets 17.078,224.49. Losses paid In 61 years, (51,000,000. J. T. McJUNKIN A SON, Agents, Jan2Bly JtHereon street, butler, Pa. COUNTY Mutual Fire Insurance Co. Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts. G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT. WM. CAMPBELL, TREASURER H. C. HKINEMAN, SECRETARY. DIRECTORS: J. L. Purvis, E. A. Helmboldt, William Campbell, J. W. Buikhart, A. Trout man, Jacob Schoene, G. C. Roeaslng, John Caldwell, Dr. W. lrvln, W. W. Dodds, 3. W. Christy H. C. Helneman. JAS. T. M'JUNKIN, Gen. A*'t -BTJTXjIEIR, PA. HENRY G. HALE, HIE IHICIIIIT THUS, COB. PENN K*T> SIXTH STREETS, * Piltnfntrgh Pa B. Roessing, [Suocaasor to A. 0. Roessing & Bro.] DEALER IN Groceries, 6RJIIII, FLOUR, FEED, OIL, —AND— Anthracite Goal. THE HIOHEST MARKET PRICE PAID IN «-CABH"ii FOR GRAIN OF ALL RINDS. •spttf PENSIONS' a&SUK the U. S. service. LAW EXPIRES JULY Ist, 1880, for ARREARS. PENSIONB INCREAS ED. Thousands of Pensioners are rated too low. BOUNTY AND NEW DISCHARGES PRO CURED. Information freely given. Bend stamp for blanks. Address. BTODDART ft CO., Room (, St. Cloud Building, Washington, D. C. Notice Extraordinary. Persons desiring to have their Old Furniture repaired, or New Work made to order, such sa Music Stands, Book Caaea, Wardrobes, Office Desks. Office Table*, Ac., would do well to call on A. B. WILSON, Practical Cabiaet Maker. I hold that a piece of furniture made by hand is worth two made by machinery, and will ooet but little more. If any. Then why not have hand made ? All work made in the latest stylee and of the best material. I guarantee entire sat isfaction in st7le, workmanship and pries. Give me a call. Shop on Mifflin street, four doors west of Main street, and opposite A. Troutman's store, Butler, Pa. s«pl7-ly BAUER ft BAXTER, Livery, Sale and Feed Stables, REAB OF TOGELEY HOUSE, jun9-3m BUTLER, PA. $5 "ISS. AR.T Portland, Main*. deeft-ly VOL. xvir. BOOTS and SHOES Al,. KITPF'S UNION BLOCK, Main Street* - Butler* Pa. I have just received my entire Spring and Summer stock of BOOTS and SHOES direct from the manufacturer, and am able to sell them at OLD PRICES, and a great many lines at LOWER PRICES THAN EVER. Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in endless variety, and at bottom prices. Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock, and is the most complete I have ever offered. The prices are lower than ever, and styles elegant. Parties wanting BOOTS & SHOES made to order can do no better than by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ. LEATHER and FINDINGS will be found in my store in superior quality and at lowest market rates. pjgf~All goods warranted as represented. AL. BUFF, OPENING DAILY^ s AT B. t HUNTS, THE LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTMENT OF Boots and Shoes To be found in any House In Western Pennsylvania, em bracing all the Newest Spring Styles in the Market. ... I am selling all this stock at wtStf OLD PRICES. 2 fliSifflS? Recollect, NO ADVANCE, Several lines of Boots and Shoes at even lower prices than ever. All my customers have the benefit in buying by getting Boots and Shoes that come direct from the manufacturer to my house. No middle profits to divide up that parties are compelled to pay that buy from jobbing houses. This Stock of Boots and Shoes is Very Large in the Following Lines Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button Boots, .... $1.50 and upwards. " " " " Side Lace Boots, - - 1.25 " " " Grain, Pebble and Kid Button and Polish, - 1.25 " " " " Polish, 95 " " " " Standard, very prime, 1.25 " " " Serges, in Congress and Polish, .... 75 to sl. " Calf Peg Shoes, all warranted. MY STOCK EMBRACES, IN CONNECTION WITH THE ABOVE, A FULL LINE OF ALL THE FINER GRADES IN WOMEN'B, MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S. The dents' Department is very complete in every line in Calf Button, Dom Pedros, Congress and English Walking Shoes, and especially in Calf Boots, at $2 and upwards, Brogans and Plow Shoes, at $1 and upwards, Fine Buff Alexis and Congress, at $1.25 raid upwards, Low Strap Shoes, in every style, at $1.25 and upwards. Boys' and Youths' Shoes in same styles as Men's, but lower in price. Infants' and Children's Shoes, in Colors and Black. Fancy Slippers and Walking Boots, All Colors. This stock is the most complete I have ever offered, the prices are lower than ever, and the styles are elegant. Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button New-! ports, good, $1 to $1.25. . LARGE STOCK OP (LEATHER AND) FINDINGS Always in stock. None but the best brands of Leather kt pt, and prices guar anteed at lowest market rates. me a call and I will save you money in your Boots and Shoes. A careful inspection of this stock will convince you that the above is correct. No other house can give you lower prices or better goods. B. G. HUSSLTON. CARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUGS! STAIR RODS m NEW STOCK! NEW STOCK! > H ?§ § HECK & PATTERSON'S £ j NEW WET MOM ! GO UNTOW OPEN! £ gjj ©f @li©thCfrg b Duffy's Bloek, sopt2o-tf JKutler, Pa. S O MM iSaOHHIYXS iSf)AA iSXVM ISHXOIOTIO ISXGDHVO Union Woolen Mills. I would desire to call the attention of the public to the Union Woolen Mill, Batlor, Pa., where I have new and improved machinery for the manufacture of Barred and Gray Flannels, Knitting and Weaving Tarns, and I can recommend them ae being very dura ble, aa they are manufactured of pure Butlor county wool. They are beautiful m color, su perior in texture, and will be sold at very low prices. For samples and prioes. address, H. JULLEBTON, Jnm.-78-ly) Batter. Pa HT3 CI 2WQ 18 Bto P"> 3 set Beeds, 2 Knee UIIUAIIO Swells. Stool, Book, only •87.60. 8 Stop Organ, Stool, Book, only $53.75. Pianos, Stool, Cover, Book, $l9O to $366. Illus trated catalogue free. Address apU-Sm W. 0. BUNNELL, Lewistown, Pa. Stock Speculation and Investment. Operations on Margin or by Privileges. Spe cial business in Mining Stocks. Full particulars on application. JAMES BItOWN. Dealer in Stocks and Bonds, 64 &, 66 Broadway, New York. marl7-9m Forty Dollars Reward. HORSE STOLEN. On Tuesday night, Apiril 27th, there was stolen from the premise* of the subscriber, living In Penn township, Bt'tler county, Pa., a dark Day horse, six years old, weighs between i 1,300 and 1,400 pounds, smal 1 star on the fore . head, shoulders somewhat st-re from the wear of the collar. A reward of $4 0 will be paid for information that will lead to the recovery of the hone. HARVY OSBORN, my6-3t. Glade Mills, P, Q. Bntler Co. Pa. BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY; JULY 28, 1880 C. WATTLEY&CO ARE DAILY RECEIVING Fresh and Seasonable Goods! SUCH AS Spring Gloves, Cotton and Lisle Thread Hose, Fringes, Trimmings, Ruttons, Ribbons, Laces, Embroideries, Han dkerch iefs, Lace and Embroidered Ties, Summer Underwear, Elegant Neckwear for Men, AND FULL STOCK OF Ladies and Men's Furnishing Goods. [WOur Increased Room enables us to give pur- I chasers the very best value for their money. C. WATTLEY &CO. 109 FEDERAL ST. ALLEGAENY CITY PA. OPPOSITE FIKST N'ATIOXAL BANK. —THE— Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St, Louis RAILWAY CO. I PIMM Mini Offers the best facilities and mosi comfortable and expeditious Line for families moving to points in KANSAS, ARKANSAS, T E X JL. m 9 COLORADO, 2STE BRAHK A, O ALIPORNIA, OR ANY OF THE WESTERN STATES AND TERRITORIES. THE VERY LOWEST RATES TO ALL POINTS IX THE WEST & SnUTH-WKST CAN" ALWAYS BE SECURED VIA THE OLD RELIABLE PAN-HANDLE ROUTS. Tickets Sold and Baggage Checked THROUGH TO ANY POINT YOU WANT TO GO. We offer you the Lowest Rates, the Quickest Time, the liest Facilities and the most Satisfac tory Route to all points West and South-west. We run no Emigrant Trains. All classes of Passengers are carried on regular Express Trains. If you are unable to procure Through Tick ets to points in Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Kan sas, Colorado, Wisconsin, Minnesota, lowa, Ne braska or California, by the direct "PAN-HAN DLE ROUTE," at your nearest Railroad Sta tion, please address W. Mjm <•' ■! Gen'l Passenger Agent, 'Pan-Handle Route,' COLUMBUS, OHIO. HOP BITTEUsS (A Medicine, not a Drink.) I CONTAINS W HOPS, BUCHC, MANDRAKE, | DANDELION, S AND TNS TVRIST ANI> HKST MKTUCALQCALI- ■ TIES OF ALL OTUBB UITT*»S. B TIIEY CUItE f. All DISEASES of the Stomach, Bowcln, Blood, JJ Liver, KL(lnej-B,and UrinaryOrftanj. Ncr- N vouiatsu, S!eenle»piies»an'l especially U Feinaiu CumplalnU. SIOOO IN COLO. Will be paid for a cane they will not rare help, or fur anvthlnic In.pure or Injurious M found In them. A«V your druirclst for nnp Hitters and try I tUvin before you Bleep. Take no other. ■ D I. C. ft »n »b«otateandlirrrfat!bleenre for fl Drunlcenneu, ine of opium, tobacco and ffi narcotics. J ■■■■■■■ SEND FOB CIIUTLAB. MMH All abore «old by rfnmiita. 2 Hop Bitter, Co., X. Y., A Toronto, Out. PJ MRS. LYDIA E. PiNKHAM. OF LYNN, MASS. DISCOVERER OP LYDIA E. PINKHAM'B VEGETABLE COMPOUND. The Positive Core For all Female Complaints. Thlj preparation, A.I its nam© signifies, consist* of Yeffct&blo Properties that are harmless TO tho most del icate invalid. Upon ono trial the merit* of this Com pound will be recognized, as relief is immediate ; and when Ita use is continued, In ninety-nino cases in a hun dred, a permanent cure Is thousands will tee tify. On account of It* proven merits, It is to-day ro commended and prescribed by tho bmt physicians in the country- It will euro entirely the worst form of falling of the uterus, Lcucorrhcca, irregular and painful Menstruation, all Ovarian Troubles, Inflammation and Ulceration, Flooding*, all Displacements and the con sequent spinal weakness, and is especially adapted to the Change of Life. IT will dissolve and expel tumori from the uterus in an early stago of development. The tendency to cancerous humor* there is checked very speedily by Its use. In fact it has proved to bo the great est and bost remedy that has ev*r boon discover ed. It permeates evory portion of the system, and gives new llfeand vigor. It removes faintne«s,flatul*ncj, do ■troys all craving for stimulants, and relieve* weakness of the stomach It cures Bloating, Headaches, Nervous Prostration, General Debility, Sleeplessness, Depression and Indl gestion. That feeling of bearing down, causing pain, weight and backache, 1* alway* permanently cured by it* use. It will at all times, and under* 11 circumstan ce*, act in harmony with the law that governs th* femalo system. For Kidney Complaint* of either sex this compound 1* unsurpassed. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Is prepared at 253 and 816 W**tern Avenue, Lynn, Mass. Price SI.OO. Six bottle* for $6.00. Sent by mail in the form of plus, also In the form of Losenges, on receipt of price, SI.OO, per box, for either. Mrs. PIXKMAM freely answers ail letters of inquiry. Bend for pass ( phlet. Address a* above Mention this paper. Ho family should be without LYDIA E. PINKHAM* LITER PILLS. They cure OonirtJpatlon, Biliousness, and Torpidity of the Liver. 26 cent* per box GEO. A. KELLY & CO., General Agents, Pittsburgh, Pa. Sold by D. H. Wuller, - Butler Pa. Notice to Tax Collectors. The Commissioners hereby give notice that taxes of 187H must be paid in immediately, as the books for 1880 have been put in the hands of the collectors. The County needs the money and it must be paid. je!6:3w HON. CHESTER A. ARTHUR'S ACCEPTANCE. Text'of the Letter of the Republican Vice Presidential Candidate. Following is the letter of Hon. Ches ter A. Arthur to Hon. Geo. F. Hoar, chairman of the National Republican Convention, accepting the nomination for the Vice Presidency. NEW YORK, July 17, 1880. To Geo. F. Hoar, President of the Re publican Convention : DEAR SIR :—I accept the position assigned me by the great party whose action you announce. This acceptance implies approval of the principles de clared by the convention. But recent usage permits me to add some expres sion of my own views. FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS. The right and duty to secure honesty and order in popular elections is a mat ter so vital that it must stand in front. The authority of the national govern ment to preserve from fraud and force elections at which its own officers are chosen is a chief point on which the two parties are plainly and intensely opposed. The acts of Congress for ten years have, in New York and else where, done much to curb the violence count and wrong to which the ballot and have been again and again subjected, sometimes despoiling great cities, sometimes stifling the voice of a whole State, and often seating not only in Congress, but on the bench and in leg islatures numbers of men never chosen by the people. The Democratic party, since gaining possession of the two Houses of Con gress, has made these just laws the ob ject of bitter, ceaseless assault, and de spite all resistance has hedged them with restrictions cunningly contrived to baffle and paralyze them. This ag- j gressive majority boldly attempted to ] extort from the executive his approval of various enactments destructive of these election laws, by revolutionary threats that a constitutional exercise of i the veto power would be punished by withholding appropriations necessary to carry on the government, and these threats were actually carried out by re fusing needed appropriations, and by forcing an extra session of Congress, lasting for months and resulting in con cessions to this usurping demand which are likely in many States to subject the majority to the lawless will of the mi nority. Ominous signs of public dis approval alone subdued this arrogant power into a sullen surrender for the time being of part of its demands. COURSE OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. The Republican party has strongly approved the stern refusal of its repre sentatives to suffer overthrow of statutes believed to be salutary and just. It has always insisted, and now insists, that the government of the United States of America is empower ed and in duty bound to effectually pro tect the elections denoted by the con stitution as national. More than this, the Republican party holds as the car dinal point in its creed that the govern ment should by every means known to the constitution protect all American citizens everywhere in the full enjoy ment of their civil and political rights, as a great part of its work of recon struction. The Republican party gave the bal lot to the emancipated slave as his right and defense. A large increase in the number of members of Congress and of the electoral college from the former slave holding States was the immediate result. The history of recent years abounds in evidence that in many ways and in many places, especially where their number has been great enough to endanger Democratic control, the very men by whose elevation to citizenship this increase of representation was ef fected have been debarred and robbed of their voice and vote. It is true that no State statute or constitution in so many words denies or abridges the ex ercise of their political rights, but the modes employed to bar their way are no less effectual. It is a suggestive and startling thought that the increased power derived from the enfranchise ment of a race now denied its share in governing the country, wielded by those who lately sought to overthrow the government, is now the sole reliance to defeat the party which represented the sovereignty and nationality of the American people in the greatest crisis of our history. Republicans cherish none of the re sentments which may have animated them during the actual conflict of arms. They long for a full and real reconcilia tion between the sections which were needlessly and lamentably at strife. They sincerely offer the hand of good will, but they ask in return a pledge of good faith They deeply feel that the party whose career is so illustrious in great and patriotic achievements will fulfill its destiny until peace and pros perity are established in all the land, nor until liberty of thought, conscience and action, and equality of opportunity shall be not merely the cold formalities of statute, but living birthrights which the humble may confidently claim and the powerful dare not deny. THE CIVIL SERVICE. The resolution referring to the public service seems to be deserving of ap proval. Surely no man should be the incumbent of an office the duties of which he is for any cause unfit to per form, who is lacking in the ability, fidelity or integrity which a proper ad ministration of such office demands. This statement would doubtless meet with general acquiescence. But opin ion has been widely divided upon the practicability of various reformatory schemes which have been suggested, and of certain proposed regulations governing appointments, to public of fice. The efficiency of such regulations has been distrusted, mainly because they have seemed to exalt mere educa tional and abstract tests above general business capacity and even special fit ness for the particular work in hand. It seems to me that rules which should be applied to the management of the public service may properly conform in the main to such as regulate the con duct of successful private business. Original appointments should be based upon ascertained fitness Tenure of office should be stable. Positions of responsibility should, so far as practi cable, be filled by the promotion of worthy and efficient officers. The in vestigation of all complaints and pun ishment of all official misconduct should be prompt and thorough. These views, which I have long held, repeatedly de clared, and uniformly applied when called upon to act, I find embodied in the resolution, which of course I ap prove. I will add that by the accept ance of public office, whether high or low, one does not, in my judgment, es cape any of his responsibility as a citi zen, or lose or impair any of his rights as a citizen, and that he should enjoy absolute liberty to think and speak and act in political matters according to his own will and conscience, provided only that he honorably, faithfully and fully discharges all his official duties. SPECIE RESUMPTION. The resumption of specie payments, | one of the fruits of the Republican pol icy, has brought a return of abundant prosperity and the settlement of many distracting questions. The restoration of sound money, the large reduction of the public debt and of the burden of in terest, the high advancement of public credit, all attest the ability and cour age of the Republican party to deal with such financial problems as may hereafter demand solution. Onr paper currency is now as good as gold, and silver is performing its legitimate function for purposes of change. The principles which should govern the re lations of these elements of currency and clear. There must be no deteriorated coin, no depreciated pa per, and every dollar, whether of metal or paper, should stand the test of the world's fixed standard. THB COMMON SCHOOLB. The value of progressive education can hardly be overstated. Although its interests must of necessity be chiefly confided to voluntary effort and indi vidual action of the several states, should be encouraged so far as the constitution permits by the co-opera tion of the national government. The interests of the whole country demand that the advantages of our common school system should be brought with in the reach of every citizen, aud that no revenues of the nation or of the states should be devoted to the sup port of sectarian schools. TIIE TARIFF AND OTHER MATTERS. Such changes should'be made in the present tariff and system of taxation as will relieve any overburdened industry or class and enable our manufacturers and artisans to compete successfully with those of other lands. The govern ment should aid works of internal im provement national in their character, and should promote the development of our water courses and harbors wherever the general interests of com merce require. THE PRESENT CRIBIB. Four years ago, as now, the nation stood at the threshold of a presiden tial election, and the Republican party in soliciting a continuance of its as cendency founded its hope of i-uccess, not upon its promises, but upon its history. Its subsequent course has been such as to strengthen the claims which it then made to the confidence and support of the country. On the other hand, considerations more urgent than have ever before existed forbid tho accession of its opponents. Their success, if success attends them, must chiefly come from the united support of that section which sought forcibly the disruption of the union, and which, according to all the teachings of our past history, will demand ascendency in the counsels of the party to whose triumph it will have made by far the largest contribution. There is the gravest reason for apprehension that exorbitant claims upon the public Treasury, by no means limited to hun dreds of millions, already covered by bills introduced in Congress within the past four years, would be success fully urged if the Democratic party should succeed in supnlementing its present control of national legislation by electing the executive. There is danger in intrusting the control of the whole law-making power of the government to a party which has in almost every southern state repudiated obligations quite as sacred as those to which the faith of tho Dation now stands pledged. I do not doubt the suc cess of the Republican party, and that its triumph will assure a just, econom ical and patriotic administration. I am respectfully, your obedient ser vant, C. A. ARTHUR. NO LEGAL DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP WITHOUT PUGLIC NOTICE. • Something that is very often neg lected by business men, and which neglect, very often results disastrously, is the precaution to advertise in the public newspaper a notice of "Dissolu tion of Partnership." A partnership may be made in a hour, but cannot be dissolved fully in leBS than four weeks, not until after the same has been ad vertised in a public newspaper in each of the counties in which the firm had places of business. A recent decision of court, in Phila delphia, is that no matter how long the dissolution of a firm may exist, there is no legal dissolution until after public notice is given of tho same through the columns of the county pa per, aud a private notice sent to all having open accounts with the firm at the time of dissolution. In the above case it was proven that each member of the firm had admitted that the firm had been dissolved many years ago, and the accounts settled up —every thing necessary done but ad vertising; but the court Instructed the jury that there was no legal dissolu tion, and a verdict was rendered ac cordingly. Until the full letter of the , law is fulfilled, either surviving part ner is liable for any debt the other partner or partners may make over the : firm signature previous to the first uo tice in the newspaper, which will stop all proceedings, but it is not complete J until the same has been published for , four consecutive weekß. DEMAND FOR HE A VT HORSES The Factory and Farm states a • fact which we have observed to exist in this city for some time past, ». an increase in the number of large horses used on trucks and heavy busi ' ness wagons. During the past fifteen I years, the writer remarks, there has been a great change in the demand for horses in this country. Formerly nearly every one bred in relation to speed and endurance. Now a large proportion of farmers breed with a view to increasing size and strength This change is not the result of caprice. There has been a steady, increasing j demand for heavy horses, and a cor i responding falling off in the demand for light ones. Fashion has had little •to do in the matter. Heavy horses | are wanted because they supply an ex isting waut. From present appear j ances it will be many years before the ; supply of heavy horses will equal the I demand. The country is now well j supplied with horses. At no time in I its history, perhaps, were there as many horses to a given number of in habitants as at present. Small work horses are low, but heavy draught horses continue to be high. The importation of Clydesdale and Percheron-Norman horses increases every year. The first that were brought over were regarded as very uncertain ventures. At present they are of no dftubtful value. The impor ters of horses from France and Scot land have suffered none of the reverses of the importers of short-horn cattle. With rare exceptions they have be come rich. From present appearances we shall soon be sending Clydesdales to Scotland and England, and Nor mans to France and Belgium. The value of heavy draught horses was recognized in the Old World before it was in the New. Now that their worth is appreciated here, all persons having teaming to do seem anxious to procure them. Large horses are less liable to in juries from the swinging of the poles of wagons than small ones. Their bones are firmer and they are com monly more hardy. Large horses are more economical as respects harness, stall room, feed, and work required to take care of them. In all the coun tries of eastern Europe heavy horses have taken the place of light ones in general farming operations. That American farmers will soon generally employ heavy horses in field work seems certain.— Scientific Am. N I'. WHAT CONSTITUTES A CON SPIRACYI The preliminary contest in the St. Louis Courts in the conspiracy suits of the Yulcan Steel Works against ! their workmen has been decided in favor of the company. The case is a somewhat peculiar one. James Tighe Dennis Griffin, Michael Dimon, Martin Hanifin, Bart Fenton, Patrick Reiley and Martin Hooley were employes in the converting department of the Vul can Works. On the evening of tho sth of last April, when two heats of iron were partially melted, the cupola ladle filled with molten metal and the pits covered with cooling ingots, these men are charged with conspiring to gether and suddenly going out upon a strike for higher wages. This placed the Vulcan superintendents in a pre dicament, and they allege that, were it not for the timely arrival of a suffi cient force of men at the works jnst at the proper time, the metal wonld have become hardened in the receptacles, causing the works to lie idle and put ting them to a great deal of expense in placing them in working condition again. With the assistance of the new workmen they succeeded in es caping actual loss. The arrest of the parties named followed for conspiracy. Their attorney moved to quash tfce proceedings on the ground that they had committed no offense under the common law. The acting' State at torney claimed that it was both a statutory and common law offense. The case was finally argued before Judge Cady, who delivered, at the ses sion of the Court of Criminal Correc tion, the appended decision: "The statement contained in the informa tion filed in this case, if true, consti tutes, in my opinion, a clear case of conspiracy. It is doubtless true that there is no crime in the solitary fact that the several defendants agreed or conspired together that unless higher wages were paid they woald cease work, but it is equally clear that for these defendants to confederate, on spire and agree together to stop work under tho circumstances and for the purpose alleged in the information, is an offense. It is true that tho mere failure or a refusal to perform a civil contract is not of itself a crime. But the circumstances alleged in connec tion with the refusal of these defen dants and others certainly constitute an offense. I am, therefore, of the opinion that the motion should be overruled and the defendants put upon their trial."— Coal Trade Journal. When an old toper pours out a whisky glass two-thirds full, and the barkeeper sarcastically asks him if he is going to take a bath, he straightens himself out, and with great dignity re marks : "Sir, your Biblical knowledge is very defective. A bath' is a He brew measure equal to seven and a half gallons, or thirty-nine quarts. Your question is absurd !" The liar keeper subsides. Whenever the daily newspapers in this section get hard up for sensations they manufacture a new lie about Johnny Steele, whom they designate as Cool Oil Johnny. >lr. Stoele is earning an honest living and it is time the newspapers should give him a rest. —FranHin Citizen. Cannot the potato bug l>c persuaded to imitate Dr. Tanner ? Two colored murderers were hung at Memphis Tennessee, lately. Ex-Empress Eugenie has left Cape Town on her return to England. As many people are injured by careless walking on railroads as in ac cidents by defects in machinery. IDYEBTISIffO BATES, One square, one insertion, 91 : each subse quent insertion, 60 cent*. Yearly advertisement* exceeding one-fourth of a column, #5 per inch. Figure work doable these rates; additional charge* where weekly or monthly changes are made. Local advertisements 10 cents per line for 9r*t insertion, and 5 cents per line for each additional looruon. Marriages and death* pub lished free of charge. Obituary noticee charged as advertisements. and payable when handed in Auditors' Notices. 94 ; Executors' and trators' Notices. 93 each; Estray, Caution and Dissolution Noticee, not exceeding ten lines, each. From the fact that the CITUSW is the oldes* established and most extensively circulated B« publican newspaper in Batler county, (a Repub liean county) it must be apparent to bosineaa men that it is the medium they ahooid use in advertising their basineaa. NO. 35 North Washington Academy. EDITORS CITIZEN. —As trustees of this Academy, we consider our work as unfinished' without a brief statement in your paper, of our impression with regard to the condition of, and noble work this Academy is doing in the field of education. On reaching the village one is greeted with an appear ance of thrift and prosperity which seems to pervade the place. The Acad emy is centrally located, and entirely out of debt. During the year there has been more than two huudred dol lars raised by festivals and entertain ments, all of which has been judi ciously expended in purchasing an organ, library, globe, and other neces saries for the benefit of the students. At the close of last session the Pro fessor concluded to give an entertain ment and festival. Much might be written with reference to the entertain ment, but we must content ourselves with the brief statement that the ad dresses, rehearsals, orations and pa pers on the occasion were of a high order, not forgetting the fine music. Indeed the entire occasion was a very satisfactory affair, speaking well for the past and promising much for the future. Every performance being con ducted in a masterly manner by a de gree of scholarship on the part of the students, which we do not believe to be excelled in any similar institution in the land. We take pleasure in heartily endorsing the work of the N. W. Academy, and in recommending it to the patronage of the readers of your paper as a thoroughly Christian insti tution in which the efficient professor gives untiring devotion to the work and is nobly soconded by an able and well-tried assistant. It is now provided with two boarding halls, and under the immediate charge of Prof. Crawford and Mrs. Dickson, safe and good rooms are provided'for all. In regard to the festival it was certainly a grand success, the best of order prevailed, and the receipts footed up to over one hundred and twenty five dollars, (and it only a strawberry festival.) The fall session of this school will open August 17th, 1880. It is the design of this school to impart thorough instruction in all the common and higher English branches ; to prepare young men and women for college; to fit those who wish to teach for doing work in the schoolroom; to render it possible for those who have not the means to attend a college or higher in stitution of learning to obtain a good scientific education. The school sup ports an excellent reading room, fur nished with the leading current liter ature, educational, religious and secu lar. Boarding can be had convenient to school, very low; rooms for self boarders reasonable. This school is in its infancy and the all-important question to be decided by those who expect to go to school is, "where shall I go to receive the most benefit in school,'' 1 and very naturally they select one that has the largest attendance, but the number of students does not always mean the best school. The best advertisement of any school is its fruits—the young men and women it sends forth fitted intellectually and morally t<f take their Dlaee in life. During the past year one hundred and twenty-five students were in atten dance. July 16,'80. TRUSTBKS. AN OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. The following letter is an exact copy of one now on file in the Post oflico Department at Washington. It was received in obedience to orders to | postal officials to make quarterly re ports of the condition of their offices: fulton Co ills July the 9 1857 mister James buchanin, president of the United States Deer Sur Beant required by the instruction of the post office to report quartly, i now foofill the pleasing duty by reportin as fol lows. The Harvestin has been goin on perty, and most of the nabors have got their cuttin abought dun wheat ia hardily a average crop on rollin lans corn is yellowish and wont tarn out more than ten or fifteen booshils to the aker the health of the communitie is only Tolerable muesills and colery have brok outin about 2 and a haf miles from hear, thair air a powerful awaken on the subject of religion in the potts naborhood and meny soals are being made to know there sins furgivin miss nancy Smith a near na bor had twins day be for to-morrow one of them is supposed to be a seven monther is a boar of a thing, and wont live half its day this is all I know and have to report the present quarter giv my respects to Mrs. Buo kanin and subscrib mieelf Troo ley. Abigal jenkins p m fulton Co ills. ICE GORGE A T NEWTON, N. J. An interesting ravine, in which natural ice remains throughout the summer, is attracting local interest at Newton, New Jersey. It lies at the foot of Blue Mountain, is several hun dred yards long, from ten to thirty fleet deep, with caves and clefts in the rock, filled with ice. The shade at the gorge is described as very dense, the sun apparently never penetrating it. Tho bottom of the gorge is covered with ice, and the little caves and cre vices are filled with it. The parapet of tho mountain, like the Palisades of the Hudson, is very nearly pcrpendio ular, and rises about 400 feet above the ravine, though which a current of, cold air sweeps constantly. The thcremometer, which registered in the * nineties in Newton, marked 38° at the bottom of this gorge—too cold for one to remain there any length of time. A few feet from one end of the gorge a spring of the most delicious spark ling water bubbles up. It tastes slightly of iron, and Is very satisfying to the thirst. The water in the spring stands at H4°. The owner of the farm on which the gorge is found, says that it is much resorted to for ico, so that by the middle of August but little re mains except in tho caves and deeper holes. Immense copperhead snakes are now being killed id Berks county. Th« cauipaigu hue opened there.