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IV BUCBIPTIOW BATES:
Per year, in advano« Otherwise 1 w No subscription will be discontinued until all arrotfigM tre piitL JPoiJtiMsters neglecting to notify us when subscribers do not take out their papers will be Held liable for the subscription. subscribers removing from one poetorace to another should give us tho name of the former as well aa the present office. All communications intended for publicatio:. n this paper must be accompanied by the real name of tho WTitar, not for publication but as a x«araii tee of good faith. Marriage and daith notices must be accompa nied by a responsible name. Address B(JTI|SR CITIZKN. BCTLER. PA. LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS. NOTICE IN DIVORCE, In the matter of the application of Joanna F. Dostman for divorce a vinculo matrimonci from her husband Charles Dostman, Common l'leas of Butler county, Pa., A. D. No. 8 Dec. Term 1 881 - . „ , IT , To Charles Dostman respondent.—« hereof a subpeeaa and aa alias ■ubpana in the above stated case have been returned N. E. I. Now this is to require you to be aud appear in your proper person before said Court on the Ist Monday of June Term next A. D. 1882, being the sth dav of said month, to ans'.ver to said complaint, and to show cause if any" you have whv the prayer thereof should not be granted. y THOMAS DON AO IIY ap24-4t Sheriff. Estate of Jnitirg BfcGlll. [LATE OF CHKBET TOW33HIF, DEC D. Lett era testamentary on the estate of J«™oe McOiil. dee'd, late of Cherry township, Butler county. Pa., having been granted to the under aigned all persona knowning themselves indebt ed to said estate will please make immediate payment and any having claims against said estate will present them duly authenticated for payment. D gXEPHENSON, Ex'r. Slipperyrock P. 0., Butler county, Pa. Estate »ff Conrad Wlcli. Notice is hereby given that letters of Admin istration. with tho will auneie-1, have been granted the undersigned on the eat ate of Con rad Wich. late of Connoqn*ueßs;ng township, Butler county, deseased. All persons therefore owing said estate will please make immediate payment, and all having claims against the same will pre;ent them, properly authenticated, to the undersiguod for settlement. 6 LEONARD WICH. Administrator Butler P. O. Butler oonnty, Pa. Eafate of Win. G. Sliorls. Letters of administration having been granted to the undersigned on the estate of William u Shorts, deceased, late of Connoquenessing twp., Butler county, Pa., all persons knowing them selves Indebted to said eftate will please make Immediate payment, and any having claims against the same will present them duly authen ticated for payment. T. P. BEIORT6, Ex'r. Connoquenessing P. 0., Uutler Co., Pa. lm Estate of William Fleming. (LATK 0* BUFFALO TOWNSHIP, DKC'D.) Letters of administration having been granted to tho undersigned on the estate of Win. I) lein ing, deceased, late of BUITJIO township, Butler county, Pa., all persons knowing themselves Indebted to said estate will pi ase make pay ment, and those having claims against tre same will present them duly authenticated for settlement. EDWARD 8. FLEMING, > li. M. lIAHKisoN. > Adm'rs. Sarversville P. O- Butler county, fa. Estate At Plilllp Melvln, [LATE OF MCDDVCKEEK TWP, DEC'D.J Letters testamentary on the estate of Phillip Melvin, dec'U., late of Muddycreek twp., Butler county, Pa., hating been granted to the under signed, all persons knowing themselves Indebt ed to said estate will please make immediate payment, and any having claims against said estate will present them duly authenticated for settlement. j.w M 8 T c^:i Execntore - Portersvllle P. 0., Butier county, Pa. Fjtai A of Snsannah HfllUson. (L.ITL OR MCDDYCBEKK TWV., DIC'D ) Letters testamentary on the estate of Susan Ball Millison, deo'd., late of Muddycre3k twp. Butler county, Pa., having been granted to the all persons knowning themselves to said estate will please make immed iate payment and any having claims against the mm™* will present them duly authenticated for payment. JAMES MORRISON, Ex'r. Middle Lancaster, Butler county, Pa. Estate of John K. Hays. (LATE or FBAKXXJN TWP., DEC*D.) Letters of administration on the estate of John K. Hays, dee'd, Ute of Franklin twp.. But ler county, Pa., having been granted to the un dersigned, all persons knowing themselves in debted to said estate will please make immediate paymect and any having claims against the ..m. ,riil present them duly authenticated for payment. PARK HAYS, Adm'r, Prospect, Butler county, Pa. Estate of Alice Uonian. (LATE or OAKLAKD TWP., DEC'D. Letters testamentary with the will annexed, having been granted to the undersigned on the estate of Alice Dougan, dee'd, late of OaLland twp , Butler, Pa., all persons knowing them selves indebted to said estate will please immediate payment, and any having claims against the same will present them duly authen ticated for settlement. ELEANOR DOUGAN, Adm'x. St. Joe P. 0., Butler oounty, Pa. FOR HAUS. The following described valuable pieces of property situated in the borough of Butler are offered for sals by the German National Bank of Millerstown, Pa., to-wit: One lot of ground on Fulton street, between properties of Mrs. Louisa McOlnreand H. H. Goucher, Esq., containing one acre, more or less, being one of the best building sites in the town. ALSO.—One lot of ground near the Wither spoon Institute, and formerly owned by L. G. Linn. hj*q., containing one acre, more or less, on which there is a good two-story frame house and stable. This property is oleasantly located near the depot and commands a magnificent view. ALSO.—Lot on McKean street, formerly own ed by H. J. Mitchell, Esq., on which there is a good two-storv frame house and stable. Possession given in 30 days purchase. For further particular* enquire of CLARENCE WALKER. Old Established Carriage Factory (ESTABLISHED 1839. J Spring Wagons and Buggies in stock and made to order of all stylos and description. Our work is of the I vest and latest style, well made and finely finished. We give special at ten lion to repairing, painting unci trimming. When in want ol anything in oui Hue we ai-k you to call and czamiue our stock. LOUDEN A PARK, Duqaesue Way, butwecn Sixth aud Seventh streets, above Suspension Bridge, Pittsburgh, Pa. aps,Bm To Butler County House, keeper*. I would respectfully call your attention to the fact that I am Sole Agent in Butler county for the sale of the WALKKK WASHER, the best and cheapest washer nisule, Onlers respectfully so licited. For further particulars, address \VM, J. PEACO, Local agents wanted. Bakerstown, I'a, BROWN LEGHORNS. EQGS for Hatching from a Breeding Pen of a No, 1 Birds (Bonney For cale at 91.60 per IS, #2 50 per 26, safely packed and delivered to Express Office ou receipt of price. •sp"Chicks for sale in the Fall. WILLIB COLLINS, aprl9,3t Parker's L uiding. J.o. BUFFDM & CO., CITY BOTTLING HOUSE 39 & 41 Market St., Pittsburg! l . Beht Brands of Genuine Milwaukee, Cincinnati, and other BOTTLED BEEBB. Bottled Soda, Byrups, and the Genuine Imported Alee. Stoat, and Ginger Ales. o~Strictly Pore Good, for family use and med ical porpoaea. Bend for Price List. 8 J all lot* in two dozen caaee seat 0. 0. D. aprl9,3m VOL. XIX. BUTLER COUNTY Mutual Fire Insurance Co. Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts. A. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT. \V,M. CAMPBELL, TRKASUKER. H. C. HE [NEMAN, SECRETARY. DIRECTORS : J.L.Purvis, E. A. Ilelmboldt, William Campbell, J. W. Buikhart, X. Troutman, Jacob Schoene, G. C. Roessing, John Caldwell, Dr. VV. lrvin, J- J- Croll. A. B. Rhodes, H. C. Hcineman. JAS. T, M'JUNKIN, (Jen. Ag't _fc3 IX'X'I-jIEIR/ -tr*-A-. Planing Mill -AND- Lumber Yard. J. L. PURVIB. L. O. PURVIS, S.Gr. Purvis & Co., MANDFACTT7RBKS AND DEAI.EHS IH Rough and Planed Lumber OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, FRAMES, MOULDINGS, SASH. DOORS, FLOORING, SIDING, BATTENS, Brackets, Gauged Cornice Boards, SHINGLES & LATH. PLANING MILL AND YARD Near German Catholic Church jan7-80-ly Union Woolen Mills. I would desire to call the attention of the public to the Union Woolen Mill, Bntier, Pa., whero I havo new and improved machinery for the manufacture of Barred and Gray Flannels, Knitting and Weaving Yarns, and I can recommend them as being very <.ura ble, aa they are manufactured of puro Br.tlei oonnty wool. They are beautiful in color, su perior in texture, and will bo sold at very low prices. For samples and prices, address, H. FCJLLERTON. Jum.'7B-ly) Butler. Pa If you wish to I GARDENING (JJ FORJ FQR PROF IT| If you wish to 1 PRACTICAL E become a Commercial - „ DTOTTT , R , TT) „ ■ Florist, read j FLORICULTURE II If you wish to Garden') GARDENING BJ for Amusement or for ; NRRMIMRK Home Use only, read j FOR I LEASLRE IJ All by L*etcr Ilendercon.fi jg L'riee $1.50 each, postpaid by mail. M jn Our Combined Catalogue of AJ 1 i PLANTS! ■ For 1882, sent free on application. B 9 PETER HENDERSON & CO j H 35 Cortlaniit St., New Ycrk. | WANTED. Two good agents to solicit orders in Butler county, on an article that all Blacksmiths will buy. A good com mission will be paid. No capital re quired and a steady job if wanted. Address in sealed letters. I will not answer postal cards. JOHN RAIBLE, Verona, Allegheny county, Pa. aprl2lm. EARL OF INGLESTON. jft\ The Earl of Ingleston an Import- Clydesdale Stallion will make Kit k .x l the Beason of 1882 at Butler, on wSliI the first three days of each tVVI n week, and at Prospect on the VMBPUt last three days of each week, Commencing April 17th and ending July Ist. Circulars free. JULIAN A. CLARK. apria.lOw. JAS. LOCKHART, GROCER, No. 103 Federal Sit., ALLEGHENY CITY, HAS in ttock a full line of FAMILY GROCERIES, Consisting of every article in the line, both Foreign and Domestic. I lrivc been formerly located on South Dia mond street, but now can be louud at No. 103 FEDERAL STREET, a few doors above depot, and will be pleased to see any of our old f at rong. apb,m REMOVAL! Tlic undersigned has removed liis place of busi ness to his own building one square south of Court House, Main Street, east side, opposite Donaldson House, where he has a full stock ul Watches, docks, Jewelry, Spectacles, etc. Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Spectacles, etc., promptly repaired and satisfaction guaranteed. I> JLi CLEELAND. HEKRY G. HALE, FIHEMERCHINf TAILOR, COB, PENN AND (SIXTH STREETS, Pitixburgh, Pa. FOR SALE. The undersigned has on hands at Prospect, Butler county, Fa., one of the latest improved F. <fc H. B'.andy's Portable Saw Mills, mounted on six inch tread wagon, nnder boiler and all necessary fixtures. Log-turner, board wagon, Eatent guide, Jacks, 140 feet of pipe, cant ooks and everything pertaining to a mill that will make work light, which he will sell at a low price and on time- C. M- EDMUNDBON, aprl2,Gt Prospect. Butler county, Pa. WANTED— WALNUT LO»M—IN SMALL or large lots, medium and large sizes, (iood pric-s will be otlereJ. W. F. WAGNER, P. O. Box 356, Pittsburgh, Pa., (54 Ninth et.) aps,lm SUACOBS OIL Mint FOR RHEUWATISM, Neuralgia. Sciatica, Lumbago, Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Threat, Swellings and Sprains, Burns and Scalds, General Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Pains and Aches. No Preparation on e&ith equals ST. JACOBS OIL M a s'tfr.Kurr, simple and cheap External Remedy. A trini entails but the comparatively triflinp outlay of 50 Cents, and every one suffering with pain •jan have cheap and positive proof of its claims. Directions in Eleven Languages. SOLO BY ALL DETJGGIBTB ACT DEALERS IV MEDICIHE. A. VOGELLER & CO., Baltimore, Md., U. 3, JL SEEK health and avoid sickness. Instead of feeling tired and worn out, instead of aches and pains, wouldn't you rather feel fresh and strong? You can continue feeling miserable and good for no thing, and no one but your self can find fault, but if you are tired of that kind of life, you can change it if you choose. How? By getting one bottle of BROWN' IRON BIT TERS,and taking it regularly according to directions. Mansfield, Ohio, Nov. 26,1881. Gentlemen: —l have suffered with pain in my side and back, and great soreness on my breast, with snoot ing pains all through my body, at tended with great weakness, depres sion of spirits, and loss of appe tite. I have taken several different medicines, and was treated by prom inent physicians for my liver, kid neys, and spleen, but I got no relief. I thought I wou'd try Brown's Iron Bitters; I have now taken one bottle and a half and am about well—pain in side and back all gone—soreness , all out of my breast, and I have a good appetite, and am gaining in strength and flesh. It can justly be Callca the king 0/ medicines. JOHN K. AIXSNDEB. BROWN'S IRON BITTERS is composed of Iron in soluble form; Cinchona the great tonic, together with other Standard remedies, making a remarkable non-alcoholic tonic, which will cure Dys pepsia, Indigestion, Malaria, Weakness, and relieve all Lung and Kidney diseases. Chills and Fever. Simmons Liver Kegu ffllilnil Itrw latorsoon breaks the Chills and carries the fever out of the system. » It cures when all other Jpjl Sick Headache. For the relief and cure «!l3|CallWilMliW of this distressing af -IBSBCS3 i" diction take Simmons Liver Regulator. DYSPEPSIA. The Regulator will positively cure this terrible disease. We assert emphatically what wo know to l>fc true. CONSTIPATION should not be regarded as as a trifling ailment. S'ature demands the utmost regularity of the bowels. Therefore assist Nature by taking Sim mons Liver Regulator. It is harmless, luild aud effectual. PILES. llelief is at hand fur those who suffer day after day with Pile,s. It has cured hundred:*, and will cure you. MALARIA. Persons may avoid all attacks by occasionally taking a dose of Siuunoos Liver Regulator to keep the l.i ver in healthy action. BAD BREATH generally arising from a disordered stomach, can be corrected l»y taking Simmons Liver Regulator. JAUNDICE. Simmons Liver Regulator soon eradicates tills disease troiu the sjstem, leaving the skin clear and free from all impurities. COLIC. Children suffering with Colic soon experience relief when Simmons Liver Regulator is adminis tered. Adults also derive great benefit from mis medicine. It not unpleasant, it is harmless and effective. Purely vegetable. CAUTION- B:- careful that you get tne genuine Simmons Liver Regulator in our engraved White Wrapper with red "Z" Trade-Mark, Stamp and Signature unbroken. PKKPARKD BY J. H. ZEILIN & CO., Sold by all Druggists. PHILADELPHIA, PA. MARTIN'S RED JACKETT D JUBLB A<'TINII KROST FBOOF FOBCK I'UMI'. f Always ready and reliable in case of fire, quick and ea-iv to operate for wasbirg buggies, Ac. It is the only dauMe acting frost proof force pump tl at c»n be repaired without removing pump from p'atforin. It is cheap durable, efficient and suitable for we'ls of any depth. No farmor or householder should be with out a i amp of this kind. H. HOUSTON & CO., Sole Agents, 17 Heventh Avenue, PITTBUURGH, PA. for i atalogue and Price List - ma3,lm tbo CITIZHN. BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 1(1. 1882. POETRY. "WHITTIER ON LONGFELLOW" With a glory of winter sunshine Over his locks of gray, In the old historic mansion, He sat on his la.it birthday. With his books and his pleasant pictures Aud his household aud his kin, While a sound a.s of myriads singing From far and near stole in. IT came from his owu fair city, From the prairie's boundless plain. From the Golden Gate of sunset, And the cedar woo3s of Maine. And his heart grew warm within him, And his moistening eyes grew dim, For he knew tbat his country's childreu Were singing songs of him. The lays of his life's glad morning, The psalms of his evening time, Whose echoes shall float forever On the winds of every clime. All their beautiful consolations, Sent forth like birds of cheer, Came flocking back to his windows, And sang in the poet's ear. Grateful, but solemn and tender The music rose and fell, With a joy akin to sadness, And a greeting like a farewell. With a sense of awe, he listened To the voices, sweet aud young ; The last of earth and the first of heaven Seemed in the songs they sung. And waiting a little longer For the wonderful change to come, He heard the summoning angel Who calls God's children home. And to him, in a holier welcome, Was the mystical meaning given Of the words of the blessed Master: "Of such is the kingdom of Heaven." —From, the May Wide Awake. SELECT. A. T. Stewart and l)ry-Goods. [N. Y. Observer.] The sudden announcement that the firm of A. T. Stewart & Co. is to re tire from business, brings to mind a memorable conversation I once had with Mr. Stewart. We were crossing the Atlantic on the good ship Scotia, Captain Judkins. Mr Stewart>alked tbe deck more than any other passenger. For the most part he walked alone He conversed little with his friends on deck. He appeared to me to be keep ing up a great deal of thinking. And he certainly had much to think about. If any man might be oppressed, crush ed with cares, this man might be with so many branches of trade, and with interests so widely scattered. But he said to me, one day, while we were speaking of the danger of 'flying off the handle.' 'I never give myself any anxiety whatever about an operation after I have decided to go into it. I look at the matter on all sides with all the light I can get, and when my mind is made up, I determine on it, and that is the end of it. Ido not think of it again.' 'Yes,' I said, 'that is all very well after you have made so much money that you will not be hurt by the failure of one venture, or two or three, but if your whole property were at stake, if the purchase of a large quantity of merchandise in Europe would ruin you should the price sud denly go down, I think it would keep you awake o' nights, till you had sold at a profit.' 'No, it would not, it never did at any period in my life. I always exer cise the best judgment I have, and then let the thing take care of itself. And speaking of making money, I sup pose you and others, perhaps the pub lic generally think that I do business for the sake of the money I make. But that is a great mistake. My ob ject in life is widely different from that. Ido not care to speak of it pub licly, there are many who would laugh at tbe idea as ridiculous in me, but the truth is that I am at the head of a great moral institution; a seminary where as its principal I am teaching the young men of the whole country and the men of business, that the secret of success in trade is found first in absolute honesty between man and man ; and, secondly, in selling goods not for as much as you can get for them, but for as small a profit as you can and live. On the first of these principles I require every one of the salesmen to tell customers the exact truth, and nothing less or more in re gard to every article offered for sale. He has a great temptation to deceive : for, he is to keep and render an exact account of all he sells, and his pay and promotion are regulated by the amount of money he takes in. But if h« is de tected in haviug told a customer any thing respecting goods not strictly true, he is discharged. Tbis is with me a rule without any exception. And I am training up successive relays of young men who go into business for themselves, or into the employment of others, having learned this principle that the way to secure confidence and custom, is to state only the simple truth in regard to what is sold. This is the lesson taught in my school, which is called a dry-goods store, but it is a great seminary, and is run not to make money, but to do good. 'The second principle is to sell goods for just as small profit as possible. Thus, when the price of a lot of goods is to be fixed, I do not ask how much can I get for them now, or what will it probably be in the future ; but I get an estimate of the lowest price at which I can sell them and just make a living profit, aud the public learns that they pay for my goods as little as the goods can he sold for in lawful trade.' Perhaps Mr. Stewart saw a smile under the surface, a sort of doubtful suggestion, as if this was not the view his neighbors took of his mode of doing business ; perhaps bo did not see any such expression ; but he continued, after a pause: 'You, as a religious man, will appreciate these motives, and I speak of tbem freely to you on that account.' I remember this conversation well. Every thought here attributed to him is, given, not in his o*n words exactly, but with so much caution and precision, that no sentiment or opinion is here mentioned as his which he did not distinctly and decidedly express. It is no business of mine to inquire how much confidence his rivals in trade, who knew his habits of thought and action better than I, will repose in 'fhese statements of his, as the guides 1 and motives of the great merchant, j But as the matured judgment of the greatest dry-goods man the city of New York has ever seen, they are worthy of being set down and made much of. His success was not a sud den result of lucky speculation. He did not speculate in personal or real property. 1 never heard of his over reaching anybody, by trick, deceit or bluster. He was reputed to be a hard man. .Justice was with him, as it ought to be with all men, a higher virtue than generosity *1 have heard that he did not give his note when be bought the goods of a neighbor, but made him wait for the pay till it suited the convenience of the great Mr. Stew art, though the smaller dealer suffered for want of it. These things may not be true. And they do not affect the two principles he proposed to me as the governing rules of his business. And they are just the lessons that young men in the world of trade should take into their hearts as the man of their counsel and the guide of their lives. We do not believe the half that is told us in the trades we make from day to day. And the worst of it is the ways of trade are so well under stood that we do not expect to be told the whole truth when we are buying. I am not now discussing the old vex ed question as to the duty of one who is selling to inform the buyer of all the defects of the article he offers. Let that be for the present. But the Lord of the conscience knows that the seller who answers a question untruthfully, or uses any evasion, trick, subterfuge, or concealment, Cor the purpose of de ceiving the buyer, is at heart a rascal. It is not needful in order to be a bad man, to rob the till, or alter the figures in the account books, or keep back part of the money received when making returns. To state the original cost to bo more than it was, to give qualities to goods that are soon found to be ficti tious, to give the buyer a false impres sion in regard to the property offered for sale, whether it be a house or a horse, a book or a broom, is to lie about it. The clerk who indulges in this vice, whether for his employer's benefit or his own, is sapping the basis of all right character and training him self to steal, to gamble and to swindle. He may get money. Nine out of ten young men in business think that sue- 1 cess means getting rich. But Mr. Stewart held scrupulous integrity, tha j nicest honesty in dealing with women, who were his principal customers, to < be the true foundation of success in ] trade. And I have often heard wo- < men say, while Mr. Stewart was alive, 1 they were always sure that they got at 1 Stewart's the thing as it was represent- ■ Ed to them. Precisely the same is true of the other great bouses in this city. They are governed by men of undoubted integrity, who would apply to their clerks and agents the same rule that Mr. Stewart did. And they would not be what they arc if they did not. That is something for young men to think of. Let it he a matter of rumor and suspicion that the great dry goods house of Ketcham & Cheatam is rnn upon the principle of selling all the goods they can by fair means or foul, that you never cau depend on a word they say, that the "calico will wash," as the clerk said it would, but the colors will all "ruu" when it is washed, and that great house will lose its prestige and its customers; and by and by its doors will be "closed on ac count of a death in the family," and never opened again. Perhaps the standard of commercial integrity is not so high as it once was. But it is high enough to sustain the principles which Mr. Stewart professed to me as we paced the deck of a steamer in mid-ocean. IREJLEUS. Standing In Prayer. Standing was tbe usual posture for prayer in the East, the hands being out-stretched and open, as in Mussul man-devotion at the present day, and as is seen in the representations in the Catacombs. This standing posture still prevails throughout the East; but all traces of it have disappeared throughout the Western church, ex cept—as Dean Stanley observed—"in the attitude of the officiating minister at the Eucharest, and in the worship of the Presbyterian chnrches always." What renders the general abandon ment of this posture the more remark able is that, as he observes, it was en joined by the only Canon of the Coun cil of Nice, which only related to pub lic worship. This Canon prescribed that on every Sunday, and on every day between Easter and Pentecost, kneeling should be forbidden and stand ing enjoined. One more the Dean de lights to notice is a curious instance of cross purposes in the contest between the Church and the Puritans in the seventeenth century, on the question whether kneeling at the Sacrament should be enforced. It was the point, says the Dean, on which the Church most passionately insisted, and which the Puritans most passionately resist ed. The Church party in this were re sisting the usage of ancient Catholic Christendom, and disobeying the Canon of the First (Ecumenical Coun cil, to which they professed the com plete adhesion. The Puritans, who rejected the authority of either, were in the most entire conformity with both.— Quarterly Review. Judge 9lcn by (heir works. A man is judged in this life by his works, and in this connection it may not be inopportune to add, that Dr. Swayne has accomplished more good through the medium of his Ointment for skin diseases, than has the entire school of physicians combined. "Its an ill wind that blows nobody good." What the phyicians have lost Dr. Swayne has gained. A now map of Boston has a certain open space designated asllayputsmallm square. A priuter would readily see how the error occurred. The square was made on the original draft liay market, but in printing it was changed to Hay Market. In correcting the proof the reader marked it, 'Put small m,' and the printer followed copy liter ally. Angel Visits. We speak of these as bein'"few and far between." The conception is de rived from the Scripture descriptions of them, as the messengers presented themse[ves in bodily shape to those to whom they were sent. Our truer con ception is that they are about us of ten—all the time, as ministering spit its sent forth to minister to those who are the heirs ot salvation. As such we look for them, rejoice in them, and be lieve that in our lives we owe much to their guidance and other influence. The Biblical representation of an angel was tbat of a man A female angel is not in all the list. We havo changed all that, and despite the im pressions produced by our familiarity with the Scriptures, our imagery of them is habitually clothed in forms that are feminine. This is partly due to our changed habits. In the olden time a man was almost invariable fore most in generous movements and ben- j ovolent work, while the women were , required to remain in private places and attend to grosser cares. In these j later days the men have surrendered the gentler duties more and more to ' their wives and daughters, and the ministery that we expect to be most gentle and effective is looked for from them. It is a blessed thing to win the name of an angel if it is done in imita tion ot the habits and practices of those of whom we read as sent of God. They were uniformly bent on some kindness. None of them came to please themselves. They were not recreating They sought the homes and hearts of pain, and assisting in work or relieving from difficulty, they gave strength to bear hardens and carry cares. It is doubtful whether we have sufficiently kept this concep tion in the foreground. Our earthly angels are apt to be pretty, attractive, graceful and useless. They flit about in easy places, as if it was the main end of life to enjoy it, and the haunts of sorrow and weariness are almost un known to them. If one were to go to find them, he would never think of go ing to a sick bed or a home of trials, but would ask about the social arrange ments of the neighborhood and especial ly the parties of pleasure. And yet there are the other kind, only that they are not named as they deserve. Hundreds of women, young and old, do angels' service in painful places w here they are more likely to be unnoticed than praifed; or if spoken of at all, they are described as common place people who have takon a very dark view of life. But God knows them, and in his own time and way he will give them right acknowledgment. The Workman. Words ot Curious Origin. Astonished in its literal meaning is found to be thunderstruck. Bombast originally meant cotton padding. Topsy-turvy is a contraction of "top-side t'other way." Lady, the primary meaning of this word is bread keeper. Alert signifies on the tower, mound or rampart. Imbecile is derived from a word that means a walking-stick. Bosh is derived from a word mean ing empty. Owl, in its primary signification, dif fers from howl only in spelling. Parasite is of Greek origin, and lit erally means one who eats at the table of another. Foxglove. This is a corruption of "folks (meaning fairies) gloves;" the flower is called "fairy bell" by the Irish and fairy glove by the Welch. Fond, from fon, an idiot, originally meant silly, foolish, simple. Flour was originally spelled flower. We still say flower of sulphur. Flippant originally meant only fluent. Flatter means the wagging of a dog's tail. Mile is from the Latin "mille," which means a thousand—that is, a thousand paces, <>ach having fifty-eight inches; for they called a pace the dis tance between one heel and the second mark of the same. Misery meant avarice; to be miser able meant to be avaricious. Monkey is from "manakin," which means little man. Mother Carey (applied to the stormy petrel by sailors) is from "mater cara" (mother dear), which, term signifies the Virgin Mary, the patroness of sailors; they are heralds of storm. Ponto is the Spanish word for pointer; Pero means a dog; Tray means to fetch. Take notice, all who name dogs. Niagara is from two Indian words, "Niag hera," which mean, "hark to the thunder." O, dear me ! This is a corruption of the Spanish "Ah de mi! (Woe is me?) the burden of a song very popu lar in England alter .the Armada de feat. O, Jimminy! This exclamation, once very common, is a corruption of "0, Gemini!" a Latin invocation to the twin brothers Castor and Pollux, and it means twins.— Scholars' Com panion. Puiict nation. Punctuation is an art, and one that has been learned in comparatively modern times. The Greeks did not know the meaning of it, and left no space between their words. The Romans put up a kind ofdivision with out any apparent method. Up to the end of the fifteenth century only tho colon and the comma were introduced, and the latter at that time only an a perpendicular figure. We are indebt ed to Aldus Manutius, an eminent, printer, for the comma as we have it now, and in 1790 he introduced the semi-colon into printing, and published a set of rule 3 for the guidance of writers. It is not known by whom notes of interrogation or exclamation were first used, but inverted commas (") were brought into common use by a French printer to supersede tho use of italics hut the English adopted them to specify quotation. Peruna cured my daughter's sore eyes after occulists had failed. C - F. Schreader, Allegheny City. The Ettet'l of Oil on Water. What is regarded as a complete demonstration of the value of oil in diminishing the violence ol heavy seas, was made at Peterhead, near Perth, England, March 1, by John Shields Having chosen Peterhead as the most suitable place for his experiment, Mr. Shields caused iron and lead pipes to be laid from the beach into the sea in front of the entrance to the harbor. A force pump was attached to the land end of the piping, and near it was a large barrel containing one hundred frallons of oil. On March 1, Mr. Shields, having been informed by the , Meteorological Office that the sea was , rough at Peterbend, went thither from Perth, accompanied by several sea-far ing men from Dundee aud Aberdeen When the vrhitc-crested waves were rising to a height of ten to twenty feet at the harbor entrance, the oil pump ' was put in motion, causing the oil to [ spread in the bottom of the sea, and ; ou its gradually rising to the surface, the white loam entirely disappeared, and although the swell continued, the surface of the sea was perfectly smooth, so that a ship or a small boat could have entered the dock without the slightest danger—an impossibility be fore the oil was distributed in the water. The experiments satisfied the shipmasters who witnessed them. Mr. Shields is willing to give any harbor board the benefit of his invention, and render assistance in carrying it out. Siiocesn With Orchard*. 'ln three vears,' says a practical fruit grower, 'I improved the produc tion on my fruit trees from fifteen to two hundred bnsbels by treating them in the following manner: I first re duced the top one-fortb ; then in tbe fall I plowed the soil as well as I could, it being quite rocky, and turned a short furrow toward tbe trees. As I worked from them I let tbe plow fall a little lower and when between the trees I allowed tbe plow to run deep, so tbat the water would settle away from them in the spring. I hauled a fair quality of coarse manure, pulveriz ed it well and marked out hills, manur ing each hill. I planted corn snd beans and pumpkins. The following spring I repeated the same cultivation. My trees began to grow very fast, and that fall I harvested seventy bushels of very good apples. The following spring I manured for the third time, planned it iu potatoes, which grew very large but rotted badly ; I made up the loss, however, by harvesting two hundred bushels of large fruit. I changed the production of a yellow Bellflower tree from three-fourths of a bushel to sevcu bushels, and sold them for $1.25 a bushel, which I tbiuk a very good return for my labor. From my experience I am of the opinion that most trees have too much top for the amount of roots, and a deficiency of nourishment for producing a developed fruit. I like fall and winter pruning Always cover the cut with grafting wax or thick paint. After removing the limbs by thinning out tbe centre of the tree it has a teudency to grow broad. Too many varieties are bad. r Comfort from Newspapers. Many years ago, in one of tbte savct'e winters when there was much hard ship among ths poor, a city paper suggested that old newspapers, spread over the bed, would form aa excellent substitute for blankets and coverlets. This brought upon the Journal a great deal of harmless redicnle from other pa pers, but it brought comfort to many a poor family. In the matter of bed clothing, especially, we are apt to as sociate warmth with weight, and do not consider that there is no warmth in the coverings themselves, but that they merely prevent the heat of the body from passing off Whatever is a poor conductor of heai will make a warm covering. Paper itself is a poor conductor, bat still poorer are tbe thin layers of ahr that are confined when two or three newspapers are laid upon one other. A few newspapers laid over tbe bed will keep one much warmer than some of tbe heavy, close woven blankets. We do not propose newspapers to blankets and comforters, but it is ene of those make-shifts that it is well to know. In traveling one nay, by tbe aid of a few papers, secure a comfortablo rest in a thinly-clad bed, and if we cannot afford to give a desti- tute family a blanket or comforter, we may show them bow to increase the usefulness of their thin coverings by stitching a few layers of newspapers between them. It may be well to re mind those growing window-plants that by removing them away from the window, and arranging a cover of newspapers over them, they may be preserved from harm in severely cold nifthts. With the plants, as with our selves, it is not so much that cold comes in as that the beat goes ofT, and often a slight protection will prevent the escape of heat— American Agri culturist. The Mtealaaippi and Tribu taries. A pamphlet on the Mississippi river and its tributaries gives the following statement of the mileage of the naviga ble portion of each of the following named rivers above its mouth: Mis souri, 3,139; Mississippi, 2,161; Ohio, 1,021; lied, #B6; Arkansas, 884; White, 779; Tennessee, 789; Cumber berland, 900; Yellowstone, 474; Ouachita, 384; Wabash, 365; Alle gheny, 325; Osage, 3(53; Minnesota, 2i>s; Sunflower, 271; Illinois, 270, Yazoo, 236; Black (Ark.), 112; Green, 200; St, Francis, 180; Talla hatchie, 175; Wisconsin, 1(50; Deer Creek, 116 ; Tensas, 112; Monongahela, 110; Kentucky, 105; Bartholomew, 100; Kauawha, 94; Muskingum, 94; Chippewa, 90 ; lowa, 80 ; BigHatcbie, 75; St. Croix, 65; Bock 65; Black (La.) 61 ; Macon, 60 ; Bcenf, 53; Big Horn, 50; Clinton, 50 ; Little i?ed, 49; Big Cypress and Lake, 44 ; Big Black, 35 ; Dauchitte,' 33 Total number of rivers, 33; tofal number of miles of navigation at present, 15,710. [Fo i ilu Lac Commonwealth.] Mr. S. Clark, one of Fun du Lao's oldest citizens, states: I have used St. Jacobs Oil and aiu well satisfied that it is a splendid article to relieve pain and that very quickly. ADVEBTHIRQ BATES, < One aqiare, on* insertion, |1; tirh STihee quent insertion, SO oenta. Yoirly od-rertisemet U exceeding one-fourth of a oolumn, $8 j er inch, Figure work doal le these rate*; additional charge* where weexly or monthly change* are made. Local advertisement* 10 cent* per line for fir>( insert ion, and 6 centa per line for each additional insertion. Mai tiages and deaths pub lished free of charge. Obituiry noticea charged aa a-lvi.rttpements, aud payable when handed in Audit oik' Notkea, *4; Executor*' ard Adminia irstcra' Notice*, t3 each; Estray, ('action an 4 Oissolnlion Noticea, not exceeding ten line*, each. From tlie fact tlitt the Crracs is •he oldut established and moet extensively circulated Be puhlican newspaper in Butler county, (a Repub lican county) it muet be apparent to biuineaa men that it is the Medium they should ute in advertising their business. NO. 25 A Si nous Talk. ' One day a peasant who was work ing in his tii-Nl was surprised at re ceiving u call from a wolf, and he was ab >ut fo rush for bis gun when the wolf called out : 'Hold an mv friend, my visit is one of peace I have come to have a serious talk with you.' 'But you kill>*d one of my sheep only last week,' protested the peasant. 'So I did, and that is the very mat ter I have come to talk about. I have felt eouscionce-striek -n ever since ' that event, and have firmly decided to ! kill no more sheep.' 'Well, I am glad to hear it, and I hope that you will stick to your res olution.' 'Oh, [ certainly shall, and I hope you will give me due credit in the future.' The wolfe took his departure with a sweet bow and a melting smile, and the peasant softly scratched the back of his neck and did a heap of thinking. That night he placed a large trap at the weak point of his calf-pen, and the next morning he found the wolf held firm and fast. 'Excuse my embarrassment, began the wolf, as the peasant appeared, 'but why did you move this trap from the sheep-fold?' 'Because,' replied the peasant, as he hunted around for a club, 'experience has taught me that a *olf who is tired of mutton is simply workin up an appetite for veal. Moral—Don't put your foot in it. Maklnx (he Crown Useful. W. S. Morgan, Somerset county, Pa., in view of the fact that the corn planting season is as hand, gives his experience, which we commend to those who look upon the crows as an enemy. He aays : 'For tbe past five seasons, I have, just before I expected my corn to come up, sowed on tbe field aboat a quart ot corn to each acre, and repeated the operation as often as necessary, until the corn was so large that the crows could not pull it up. If tbe corn is soaked until tender they prefer pick ing what they want to eat from tbe surface rather than to pull the young plants to get it. The cost of the corn thus sown is but a trifle; a*> a result I have a great number of crows almost constantly in my cornfield, and after they have been satisfied with corn they will still pick up all the insects they can find, as a desert. In raising fifty acres of corn since adopting this plan, I have not lost a hundred stalks by crows and cut worms combined.'— American Agriculturist for May. Preparation for Church. Probably for many households tbe hours before church are hurried, tumul tuous and undevout. Tbe family rise late, and breakfast is tardy. The chil dren are harassed about shoes, gloves, and lost or mislaid articles of dress. The parents have not fully recovered from the fatigue of the business or pleasure on Saturday night. The first bell peals out its «ummons before any body feels ready to bear it, and the progress to tbe place of prayer is a scramble to arrive before the anthem shall have been concluded. Dr. Ar rott, of Scotland, used to beg bis peo ple to spend tbe hour before coming to church in meditation and prayer. If it were the habits of our congrega tions thus prepared iu heart to go to the sanctuary how different might be the impression made on them by ser mons and public prayers. Had every disciple made the pastor, the week long, the subject of reverent, anxious, earnest prayer, would nor tbe pastor enter the pulpit clothed with power from on bigb, and would not tbe bene diction return with ten-fold largeness on the worshippers themselves?— Chris. Intelligencer. I bad Neuralgia and Palpitation of the heart. Pernna cured me. Aug. Melgert, Pittsburg, Pa. There bad been a seeming coolness between the lovers. One day Emily's school mate ventured to refer to the subject and asked her: 'When did you see Charley last ?' 'Two weeks ago to-night.' 'What was he doing ?' 'Trying to get over the fence.' 'Did he appear much agitated V 'So great ly,' returned Emily, 'that it took all the strength of papa's new bull-dog to bold him.' A young woman of Idaho answered an advertisement of a firm of marriage brokers, who soon afterward sent her a bill ot $26.50 for advertising, threaten ing if she did not pay it, to publish the letter. She preferred to pay the bill. Young women should never deal with such agencies. They had much better remain single until their love is de manded by the spontaneous ootbust of a manly heart. Now is the season when the swindlers start on their travels through the rural portion of the country. Farmers should lookout for them. Russian oats is one article they pro fess to sell. In addition they have every kind of farming implements to of fer. The best and safest way is to buy only of some reputable home dealer. Don'tencourage the swindlers. "I'm proud of this town," said a lit tle man sitting before the stove with a pipe in his mouth. "Proud of it," re peated the stranger at the bar, who turned around when he heard the words, and looked at the speaker with contempt. 'What are you proud of it for ? 'That's an easy one,' returned the little man. There are four ceme teries here and I've got a wife in every one of them. "Where do people go who deceive their fellow-men ?" inquired a Sunday school teacher. "Sometimes to Can ada, but mostly they goes to Europe," was the reply of a youngster whose uncle bad recently been a trusted ofl> cer in a local bank. Out of twenty-eight men in a crowd not one of them knew bow to wind up a thermometer. Maa is naturally aa ignorant animal. What is the resemblance between kind words and the bald-headed ? 1 Kind words can never die, and the bald-headed c*n never dye either.