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rH K CITIZEN.
WILLI AH C. NHGLEY -- Pab'Uher THURSDAY. JANUARY 24. / H VKKIMU KG. r At Monday # - --ion --f the senate, immediately after prayers. Mr. Mnehl bronner offered "a biil for the govern ment of cities of the second class ami it was referred to a com mi t tee. It is aimed at the power of Messrs Mag. e and Flinn in Pittsburg, and its import ant points are as follows: Tee Mayor is to appoint the heads of departments subject to confirmation by Select Council. Policemen and firemen not to be dis • charged without a triaL The office of Collector of Delinquent Taxes is abolished. the creation of a Sinking Fund Com mission is provided for. Civil service is to apply to ail depart ments. Members of Sel<-<-t Council to 1* elect ed at large, on a basis of one nj-tulvr f jr each 2.000 resident taxable*. Members of Common Council to be elected from each ward, on a bas ! s of 1000 resident taxables. Members of Conncil will not be allow ed to hold any other office, except Notary Public, in the Federal, State, county or city governments. Councils will have two sessions an nually. of 80 days each. Special meet ings may be held at the call of the Mayor. Proposals for public work are to be opened in public and the figures made known at that time. What is called the "ripper provides that within 30 days after the passage of the act the Governor shall appoint a Mayor for each city of the second class, to hold office until April, IMS. Treas urer, Controller and Anesaonare to ac t until their successors are elected and qualified- Councils to remain as at present con stituted until first Monday in April, 1 902. Their successors snail be elected at the regular election on the third Tuesday in February, 1902. Confirmation by Select Council of the appointments by the appointed Mayor is not required, but all appointees shall possess tbe qualifications required by the act. beath of Queen Victoria. On Saturday last tbe Queen of Eng land, then living at Osborne, her home on tbe Isle of Wight, on the south coast of England, had a stroke of par alysis, and lingered till Taesday after noon. when she breathed her last. She was in her Hind year, and had been the and the nominal rnler of the English Empire for sixty-four years. She was crowned Queen, (upon the death of her nncle) when she was but II years of age, married a German prince, a few years later and raised a large family. By her death, her eldest son, the no torious Prince of Wales, now in his With year, becomes King, and assnm -s the crown as Edvard VII. Hrntal British Order*. Amid the clangor of denunciation of General lie Wet for the alleged infliction of the death penalty upon one who at tempted to induce his men to quit fight ing.some questionable liriti-h orders ap pear to have been issued. The "stop the war*' committee in London issues a statement averring that. Kitchener has issued orders to tbe trooi* pursuing I>e Wet to ' take no prisoners This may be construed to mean that no quarter is to be given, as the committee construe* it, or merely that no prisoners are to Is sent in to share the limited supply of provisions at British posts. The proclamation of martial law in Cape Colony, however, is accompanied by a severe regulation, that it -hall be unlawful for anyone except officials to possess arms or ammunition. There i* no direction as to what the burghers are to do with their rifles,but they must not have them in their po-scs-,on. Pre snmably anyone fonnd violating this order may Is; taken on a charge of dis loyalty and punished »s the authorities may decree. It is a harsh rule in a country where weapons are more or less needed in safeguarding the household ami where it has been the nniverp.il practice to keep arms. It is an order that will do mnch to incite rebellion, the Boer being like the American re garding the privilege to have and to l>ear amis as one of his. inalienable rights. The truth is the British authorities are desperate. They are resorting to measures not sanctioned by the civilized code and are probably driving the Boers * to retaliation. This war has been a grievous mistake 011 the part of England from the beginning, and it will be many years liefore its stain <-nn i>e wiped from the British escutcheon. From the lancing of men begging for mercy at the inception of the conflict to the brutalities of Kitchener there has been little in the struggle that honest. Britons need not Is- ashamed of. Pittsburg Dispatch. IN one respect the accession of the Prince of Wales to the throne of Great Britian may prove of immediate inter national importance Uoih the German Emperor and the Czar of Ku sj,i are his nephews not to mention the numerous minor crowned heads among his rela tives and connections arid he is on terms of friendly and confidential inter course with tioth of them Such a triumvirate, representing the three greatest European powers phould Is able to command the peace of the voili Though the time has gone by when national movements eon Id Is deterinin ed by monarchs, rather than by the nations themselves, th- g Gemini Ern per or does not yet believe this and the Czar still has a position of trem tiidous j»ower. In the present attitude of Eng laud, the nation will welcome an asser tion of personal influence by the new King. AH Enrols', Indeed, is very much adrift, and these three men could do a great ileal to set things right. AKritONOMKKS are now inter* -ted In observing the planet Fro which come nearer to the Earth than any other heavenly body excep. the Moon F.ros is only twenty miles in diameter, and is one of the cnt"*t little globes with which we are acquainted. If Eros v/t re inhabited with beings like ourselves a man on a bicycle, with grx*l roads, could circumnavigate the glot*- t»»- tween sunrise and sunset and not over do himself. Eros is not a ttellite bnt hfi« an 'rrbit around the Sun. jnst lik< other planets, although it, is so in»ig nificant that it might be used as a foot ball by the giants who probably inhale ft Jupiter. A NoftWALK, Ohio, physicjan, hat ; created a sensation in medical circh s Iry j restoring a patient to health who w«s , thought to Is- dying of typhoid fever by | injecting into th cellular tissue tsolu tion of one teaapoonfnl of common * ilt | to a pint of water. The patient, who | was a woman, had lost IV) per cent of j her bl<s»'l and was almost, pulscles.. The pulse was restored within an hour, ! and the patient began almost immediate ly to convalesce HKITK/IF'TKK the third-class-men at. West Point are to Is; muzzled. Republican Nominees. Bntler Borough's Republican prima ries developed some . vely contest- for local offices, but less than half the party vote was ont. For Jnstice of the Peace ■ Andrrson. McElvain and Brugh ran ahead with McAboy fourth. In the Second ward no one would con sent to run for school director and Will Mnrrin. Democrat, was pnt on the tick et. In tbe First ward nomination* wer* made for three and two year tern:- for school director, and Casper Sh -rman and A C. Anderson. Democrat, were nominated or au agreement. In the Third ward there was nc con test* for any ward office, bat thre- men I were voted for for school director, as foil w- J. B. Sherman. i~ J T Kelly. :i-*j and Will Graham. 14 The results were as follows. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. Wards 12 3 4 ".-to! C. E. Anderson... 57 41 4- 96 '.rl—Z'A E. L Brcgb 32 80 35 «-> ** -3m) R. B Gilghrist.... 1« 44 17 10 23—110 J. B Mathers •» '■*> 911 6 31 R McElvain 142 31 4J 44 -V —311 R. C. McAboy 22 V 4 W 30 61 -2> -, L J McCandless. f 22 14 13 14- 72 F. M Renno 10 26 10 30 15 'J4 Jlorg. Smith 18 6:} 14 2<» 21 -Ffi R M Thompson.. 21 26 6 13 15— L. P Walker 42 9 7 10 15— "3 BOKOUOH AUDITORS. LE. Christley 54 20 -4 9 E. H. Negley 47 33 74 62 43—223 FIRST WARD. School directors. Casper Sherman and A. C. Anderson. conn' il. Jas E Camp bell: assessor. Isaac Andrews; judge of elections. C. A. Skillman inspector. Thomas Stewart. SECOND WARD. Director, Wm. Mnrrin: council, W. A. Greenwood: assessor.G. E. Millinger: judge, .J. H. Jackson: Inspector. M. Geo. Smith. THIRD WARD. Director. J. B. Sbetrnan council, D. B. Campbell: asseesor. W H. Craig: judge, G. E. Thomar: inspector, Geo. McCandless. FOURTH WARD. Directon. J. L. Garroway: council. Isaac Meals: a»se-sor. H'*> McJnnkin: judge. Robert McFarland Inspector, T. H. Greer. FIFTH WARD. Director, Frank San bach; council, H. D Kirk assessor.Peter Kamerer: judge, S. M. McLure: inspector, Will Cress. TOWNSHIP NOMINATIONS Cherry twp was the first to file their certificate They nominated John Mc- Callen and Ja- T." Hogg, directors: Per ry O. Wolford and Milton Hutchison, supervisors: Calvin Tinker, assessor Samuel Nelson, register assessor and B. L. Hockenberry, clerk. Forward twp Republicans nominated J. D. Williams and D L. Dunbar for Justice of the Peace; Wm. Bowen. Geo J. Marburger and W. S. Waldron. 1 yr , for school directors; Sol Dunbar and Jesse Smith for supervisors: A C. Brown for assessor; J. C. Critcblow for overseer; A. D. Hunter for auditor P. P Stronp for judge of elections and A '/■ Peffer for treasurer and clerk. pKN'.v TWP. —Scbixil directors. J P. Burton and Wm, McElvain. so|<erv.sors Matthew Andrews and Harris Puff: assessor, R L. Patterson: auditor. A. B. iJodds: register a--*--sor, F. H N ley: clerk and trea-urer, S. H. (Vxjjs-r CEKAKFIKI.D Twp. Assess >r. Peter Fennell: director. A Flick; supervisor, E. S Miliigan; auditor, J. L. Dipner clerk, John Rankin. MUDDYCKEKK Twp: C. G. Badger, supervisors, Jas Wallace, Orin Stewart C. (i. iViozeJl and Presley Myers: directors, A. McClymonils and Jus Frazier auditor W. F. English clerk and treasurer, Jos. Cbeeaman. (.LAV TWP. Directors.il C. Thomp son and S. Kennedy: supervisors, Jno B<io%ell and S. It McCall; a-- -or R. B Conn auditors C. H Firidley, •£ yrs and J. H Timblin, 3 yrs: clerk, Joseph Mecbling SAXONHUHO Assessor, G. W. Manr hoff; directors, (i. W. Maurhoff and W, I). Hoffman: council, L A. Helmlsdd <i. S ffit>son and Mr W W Lasher: trustee school fund, W J, Stttebgen: auditor, F O, Hershls-rger. HKIT HMCAN PLUMALILT^S. T'ne Republicans of (Jonn'siuenen-irig will meet at Bays' mill at 1 p. m ol Thnrsoay. the 31st, for the purpose ol making township nominations Ibe Republicans of Franklin twp. will bold their primaries in the Orange Hall, on Saturday, the 26th Ito 1 p rn. The Republicans of Prosjiect will hold their primaries at Hotel Hunter. Friday evening, the 2'< th THE discovery that England is collect ing a five per cent income tax from the American holders of £28,000,000 of British Government liorids is quite a surprise W T hen the Americans took tbi/se Becnritiim and paid good money for them they nnderst ssl that they were without encumbrance Income taxes are not collected here. The re sult. is an important redaction in the rt turn expected from the investment, and the holders are naturally anxious to get. rid of their bonds in order to j lace their money in ls-tter paying home ssenri ties The power of Great Britain to collect this tax may Is- conceded, but its imposition, withrat fair notice, is a cheap trick that will f<e resented and arte that will not assist, in floating any future British issues on this side of the Atlantic. V KIGIIItOItIIOOM NO i l „s. By the death of Mnrray 11 Hall. 60 years old, in New York • ity. lately, it. was discovered that for 30 year< a woman bad passed as a man with such complete success that not until the physician laid out the tsslyin i!»-:ith was her sex revealed For yearn Hall had lived as .1 married man. having t.vo wiver. "rirviv ing ls/th Sh»- consorted with 111-1 in one of them, voted the J> mocrat ;' 'i'-;. et and for six years was a member of tin: fr'spiois Club a Tammany orgaui/ tion Sic- t<sik part in Political par "\< <.ir ti"d torch'-s and baiiiters, went, to saloons and cigar stores, and treatcil when it was her turn. A man apparently about 30 year■. old was found by the track walker of the A. V. Ry, lying dead at the old Hard scrabble coal tipple a short distance above East. I'rady, Friday morning, the 11 inst. His name Frank Riffle and from information -ince obtainefl he bad Is en employed ;< root! at the <<r md C«mtral Hotel at Etnlenton tor about four We<ks and left there some time during Thursday night There were two of them together Both had been drinking and when they came to the old bo:;ey pile, which hail been b'triitng for over a year they laid down near the fire on'-of the rain and were overcome with gas from the brirning culm. If every man convicted of illegal voting were punished as severely as John Schock. convicted in Philadelphia last week of voting in two divisions of one ward at the recent, election, the Crime of repeating would Is let fre quent Hchoek. who realized that he had 110 defense, pleaded guilty as the easiest v.ay out of a bad predicament, and judge Wiltbank iuip'is' d a fine of *::' Hi and a s<*iiteme of three years in the Penitentiary It is »afe to assume that. I Hchoek will be effectually cured of any ' desire of plural voting in the future j The complaint of the Carnegie (Vim ' pany that it cannot get cars, even at the rates which Mr Carnegie denounces I iv-*. exorbitant, is heard again The Homestead plant g'-ts from the Penn ' Hvlvania not more than 10 cars when it j asks for 100, and the Lake Erie has | given it one lonely car on a request for ;."i. Other Carnegie mills are utrug , gling against similar conditions. Mean time their yards are la-ing filled with ' inaiiufactured material awaiting ship merit t,o till orders, and tlioy will be compelled to shut down if they do not | soon obtain relief. A Complicated Suceessiou. It is by a very complicated and brok en descent that the new King of Eng land will take his place in the line of Edwards. He has to go l>aok to one of the great ones, the third, who. with Edward the Black Prince, whipped the French at Crecy and Poitiers. His direct genealogy does not touch another of the nsuie It w;is from Edward 111 that Henry Tud- r claimed d-s ent through his ui -ther. and made good bis claim on Bcsworth field. On • ..f the high stewards of Scotland, about the time of Edward 111., married the danghtc-r of Robert Bruce and their .-m succeeded to the Scottish crown as Robert 11. A d-scendant of his. James IV . married the 'laughter of this Henry VII.. and when the family of Henry VIII . became extinct with the death of Elizabeth the great-grandson of the Princess Margaret. James VI. of Scot land. became James I. of England. This is the way the Scottish honse of •-ttiart came in by inheritance from a daughter of the Tndors. who had claim el \hrough a daughter of the Plantaga net.-. the first of whom the Duke of An jou. had married the grand-danghter of the Norman conquerer. The direct suc ces-i m of the Stuart-, was from James I to Charles 1., Ctiarles 11. and James 11. The revolution of 16*8 gave James 11. s crown to his daughter Mary and her husband. William of Orange. and after Dut'-h William it passed to the other si-ter. Anne. The partisans of the house of Stnarr always insisted that this was a usurpation. but the last opportunity to restore the male line was missed when Anne died. Mary and Anne having left no de fendants and the Jacobite claimants be ing ruled out. it was necessary to turn to the collateral issne of James I. His daughter Elizabeth had been married to the Elector Palatine and their daughter Sophia, to the Elector of Hanover Earnest Asfustus. whose son was rec ognized as heir to the throne of his English and Scottish ancestors, to which be ac' ieded as George I In this way the German family of Guelphs. the house of Brunswick-Lunebnrg. came to reign over Great Britain. The subsequent succession has been reasonably direct. Victoria being a grand-danghter of George I\ There is no immediate danger now of the ex haustion of the direct line of her de scendants. as long es the English people find it convenient to select the head of the state in this way Actual right of descent was practically repudiat ed at the revolution and the succession is determined by act of Parliament "the consent ot the governed. —Phila delphia Times. Concord Township. Mrs. John Dunlap is severely ill, suffering intensely from dropsy. Miss Lizzie Shook who was visiting relatives at Trontinan, was called to her home at Burgettstown on account of the death of her grandmother Mr- Lavina Campbell, whose home was in Venango twp., this Co., but who at the time of her death, was visiting her daughter. Mrs. Jas. Shook in Washing ton Co.. Pa. Mrs. Archie Veakel of St. Mary's W . Va., is the guest of ber mother Mrs. Elizabeth Pisor. of H'ioker. Robert Adams of Middletown, i serving a- juror this week. C. B Morrow i-< erecting a new house for himself on the farm of his father, J. N. Morrow Chan. Koro, the blacksmith, is slowly regaining his health. Qulnn. of Magic, is prostrat ed with an attack of la grippe. Protracted religious services will begin at '/Aony. L. church on Sunday night Jan. 20th. wind and weather per initting. A. P. Starr is afflicted with a very severe form of the grippe. Market quotations show a livelv state of trade, butter has risen a couple of points find religion is still free. The local teachers institute which was announced to be held iri Middlt town on February lOth has been indeS nitely postponed The Democrats held a nomination last week and put a full force of candi dates in the field. The ui my friend* of W H. Campls-il ex pre** th<n: IVH rs greatly plowed tit. hi-* recent appointment. to fill the nti expired t rni of Clerk of Courts 'f i e i< vr.al meetings fciimu.r oil % bow br(>» MI '/• lo'i las' Sunday ni.-l.t. Silex. WiolilM 'I'OM n-lnp. T il Fr.'-hling of VVir.fi-1 t twp who had been down with mnscul-o rhenniat'«t/i, is recovering and i» able to }f. alxiut If is son G T down with the same disease is at work again. Snpd t Saylor is putting up a big saud crusher at West Winfiold. Revival meetings have been he'd in tlx brick M E, Church at. Sarvers St,a for the pa it two weeks and this week J. C. Freeh ling was in town on bum nes'>, Saturday. Sitrver* .Station. Mr. Henry Galbreatb passed through onr town on his way to Butler Monday Our sick folk are convalescing. Prof Meyer visited Carbon Bh.ck Monday. A distinguished speaker is to addre*s E League Friday evening in I i»k Chapel, Leasurvflle, Pa. Admi- on free. Mi Hall h;is returned from a visit 'o her father's people. Onr drillers have reached the gas, more in prospect Mts Angrist ('reeling aged about years, died .Win 21st in>;t The fain ly nave the deep sympathy of the whole riiTnintinity Entertainment in the Westminster hall Friday evening February I ■' for, the benefit of the church. If >n J M Oalt.r-*ath and .1 M (Irw will make and '• W. Campbell Esq give ii recitation. Select music Mr Wickline. Sr. of Tarentum. late >.f Sarver s Station, died Jan '£<>, about. I'hi years of fig'' Buff iloi hun li >ervice«next Sandavat II o'clock A M.. Sunday Mbooi 10 o'clock Young People's meeting 7P. M Services, in Westminster, Sunday eve ning at 7 ;30. i irmly Township. Hon Josiah Thompson made a trip to Harrisburg last week The oil well on the Trax farm bus not, been tested yet Mrs Arm Perry is on the sick list Mrs George Kit-holt/. of Scio, Ohio, i:, visiting friends here, Mr« Torn Sugar, of SlipjM-ry Rock. is spending a couple of wee)<H with her mother, Mrs William Staff. The Saints are holding protracted meeting in the (umherlatid Presby teriari chtirch. West, Lils-rty. Nomination day will «<s»n tie here, of flee seekers are busy and are envious of some one else getting there; turnout snd vote for the best man. regardless of what yottr neighbor ■iftys. I trail,v twp. Roliert Grossman ,lr. of Ohio, visited friends in this vicinity recently. Margaret M<*»re of Fayette (>o. visited hi i lister, Mrs Jolin Grossman,not long since. Mrs, John I'isor of Worth twp spent a few days with her sister, Mrs, Slough ton. Kezia McDevitt, our drc*stnaKer and js»stn.istress, is kept busy. Win Find ley intends moving to Lawrence county, soon. Mrs Tom Snger of Hliyiervrock vis ited her mother, Mrs. Staff, fust week. A CENTURY OF PROGRESS. Continue*} Iu the next decade (1850-186« i we find Dr Pages electric locomotive: the Ruhinkorff coil: Helmholtz's optbalmo seope: Maynard s breech loading rifle: the Smith i: Wesson, the Spencer, ard the Henry magazine fire-arms :the Chan ping <%: Farmer fire alarm telegraph: the Watt & Burgess and the Voelter processes for making paper pulp from wood: Wilson s four motion feed for ; sewing machines Bessemer 3 process of making steel: Hjorth s dynamo-electric machine: Ericsson's hot air engine: Tau penot's dry plate photography: the >!h-hanx bicycle: Hughes' printinsr tele graph: Woodruff's sleeping car: Perkin'» aniline dyes: Siemens' regenerative fur nace: iron floor beams in building con- | srruetion: Phelps' printing telegraph: first Atlantic cable: Giffard steam injec- , tor: Gardner's underground cable car system: the discovery of coal oil in' the United States: the first use of the electric light in a dwelling, by Farmer: launch ing of the " Great Eastern:" Osborne's process of photo-lithography :the improv ed spectroscope, and the Kirchhoff and Bunsen svstern of spectrum analysis: Plante's storage battery :Rela. rude tele phone: and Carre's ammonia absorption ice machine. The following period < 1*560-1870) inclu d»d the civil war, but even this terrible calamity could not arrest the mornen- i turn of inventive progress. As might be supposed, the inventions of this peri- j od reflected to some extent the strife of batrle, and we find here the introduction of Timby's revolving turret. Ericsson s iron-clad,' Monitor, the Gatling gun. the white gunpowder of Schultz and of Dittmar. dynamite, Nobel's ex plosive gelatine, the Whitehead torpedo. Moncrieff's disappearing gun carriage, and the rebounding gun lock. The McKay staoe-ewing ma chine revolutionized the shoe industry. Col. Green invented the drive well. Otis introduced his passenger elevator, the first barbed wire fence appeared, and rubber dental plates -were introduced. In this period, also Louis Pasteur began bis great work in bacteriology and es tablished the germ theorv of disease. Martin's process of making steel was in troduced. Wilde. Siemens and Gramme brought out several dynamo electric machines. Bnrleigh invented his compressed air rock drills, andTilgb inan his sulphite process for making wood pulp pap* r. Oleomargarine was produced, the Suez Canal opened, the Pacific Railway was completed.the first Westinghouse sir brakes were devised, the Windhansen refrigerating machines were brought out, and the Mont Cenis tnnnel was practicallv completed. The next decade (1870-1880) included the periods of the great financial panic in the United States and the critical political strife incident to the contested Presidential election. This retarded to some extent the growth of patents in numbers,but it does not seem to have ar rested the thought of the inventor, nor to have affected its quality. The Hoe web perfecting press was developed, and put to work iu the office of The New York Tribune. A great array of valuable inventions followed among which may }*• mentioned the Locke grain binder; the Ingersoll rock drill: Stearns' duplex telegraph; Westinghouse's improved automatic air brake; Lyall s positive motion loom; Janney's automatic car coupler: Edison's qoadrnplex telegraph; Gorhain's twine binder for harvesters: Lowe's process of making illuminating gas from water: the roller mill and mid dlings purifier for making flour: Pictet s ice machine; cash carrier* for stores; Prof. Bells wonderful speaking tele phoue: cigarette machinery; Edison's electric pen steam feed for saw-mill carriages: Hallidie s cable cars Edison s Phonograph; the Otto gas engine; Jab lochkoff's electric candle; Sawyer-Man electric lamp: Berliner's telephone trans mitter of variable resistance; Edison's carlion microphone; liquefaction of oxy gen, nitrogen.and lir bv Pictet and'.'ail letej; the development of the Reming ton typewriter. Edison's electric lamp with carbon filament; gelatino-bromide emulsions in photogaphy, the Birken head and Rabbeth spinning spindles, and the fjei-sner cloth presses; Siemens also installed the first electrical railway at Berlin: and the Mississippi jetties were bnilt by ''apt ...ads The Let magazine rifle, Fanre's storage battery, and Greener's haininerless gun were other inventions of this period. in the next, decade (1 HMO- IH'.lOj the rad ical inventions of the preceding periods had gotten well into the commercial a<- tivitiesof the national life, and this d cade represents the greatest epoch of pro-peri ty the republic has ever enjoj '■&. It ;;dded the following important inven tions Telegraphing t»y induction, the hiake telephone tninsmitter, the Recce buttonhole machine, Mergenth •ler's i linotype machine. ("owles electrii -il proc-ss of making «1 mininm. the W<-1« iiifli g i- tinnier, the griphophone. c't-c- I»IC weldi' g Llmu Thomson I>e ■'.cArihur and F"t;» -t. cyanide pr«>i < •.< or obtaining gold, T<sla'» sjsteui ■>f fflj phase cnr:c.i s, Harvey's proces ~f atiiit-.iling arm ir pi it'- !)«• I- ival's rot. i y -•earn turbine tl • Kodak camera De < litird'innct. s pror.-s. <>f making artifici al silk nickei steel. Halls procens of making aluminium, the Dudley dvna rmte gun, photography in colors, and the Krag-Jorgensen magazine rifle. 'ireat advances were also made in explosives and smokeless powders, among which may Is- named rack a-rck, bellite, ar.d cordite. In medicine, antipyretic was brought out while in bacteriology Koch identified the ba'-illi of tulierculosis and cholera, Pasteur the bacillus of hydro phobia, I/oefller the bacillus of diphthe ria and NicoUier the bacillus of lock jaw. The fir«t. American electric rail way was installed between Baltimore and Hampden. "Flood Rock in New York Harbor was blown up, the Brook lvn bridge was built, the electrocution of criminals ordered in New York, the Lick telescope vas erected, and in Kit rop«- the Ht Oothard tunnel and the great Forth bridge wer< completed and and opened to Ira flic Th»- Inst decade of the century (IMHI- I'jiiH, is still so near to us end is s > filled wl'h invented agencies of importnnce, tli.it se|< i t.on is rendered specially difll cult, and only a few of the most import ant may Is- named We find the Parsons rotary st'-am turbine, which in itsappli cations in marine engines has raise# I the s, ' ' dof smaller steam craft to that of an express locomotive the Northrup loom, which ads almost with the dlscre tion of a thinking mind; the Ache-on proc<Mof makiugfrartH.rniidum.the Y#r k .< telescope. Kdison'sklnefoacroiie, and the allied developments of the phantas co(>< cinematograph and biograph. who-e ttiovitiz and apparently living s-encs fill the observer with wonder and admir at ion '>f calcium carbide by VVillson and the electric furnace for making the fame, the discovery mid application of the X rays by Roentgen, the Krupp »r mor plate.the developments in liquid air and apparatus for prduclng it. by Linde. Tripler fJewar, o tergreti Iterger. and other* the mercerizing of cloth under tension to render It silky, the Hchllck system of balancing marine engines, the improved disappearing gun.the practi cal develoiiient of tie bicycle and auto mobile the building and launching of the Oceanic." the largest steam vessel ever produced arid wireless telegraphy by Marconi These represent the most, notable agencies which have stimulated the in dustrial progress of the nineteenth cen fury. ('mccjved in the progresdve thought of mankind, tin y have Is en nursed into a healthy and strong exist- i ericc under the fostering care of the I patent systems of the world, and e<is- , dally by those of our own land Hcl American A I ti it ' lark iif Montana was elected I'. H Heriat/>r, last week, lie made more | things than money "flow like water.' j He set, up the fre« drink* for the whole ■ city of Helena. <'ur<l ofTliimUs. We wish to tender otir sincere thanks j to the friends, neighbors, I <) <) F F (V A M and also Hey. White and | the choir for their kindness during the illness arid after the death of husband and father Mitt. Wm. M Miti II l:l.t, AMI I AMII.V, W. Miinlniry. |)r Charles Campbell, who has Ixien In Philadelphia for s»»me time practicing dentistry, is home. We hop*' he will lo cate here. Rev Will Campbell, who resides in Calcutta, Ohio, was here visiting his parents. Mr and Mr? .Lan Cn.npbell Miss Linnie Graham is viiiting her brother in Manuingtou. W. Va, DEATHS. DRESHER At her home in Saxon bnrg. January lrt, 1901. Miss Wanda Dresher. aged years. COVERT— At his home in , January 14, 1901, Hezekiah Covert, aged 65 years. SMITH —At her home iu Butler. Jan uary I l *. 1901, Mrs. Mary Smith, widow of Conrad Smith, in her ?Kth year. MITCHELL—At his home iu Butler. January 19, 1901, William M Mitch ell. aged fi6 years. He was born in Tarentum, and came to Butler from Bolivar about 3 years ago He was engaged in the oil busi- , ness. His wife, nee Lardrn. of Clinton township, and two daughters and two sons survive him. ANDERSON—At her bqme in Middle sex township, January 18, 1901, Mrs. Margaret Anderson, aged 80 years KINCH—At Bowerstown. O . January 17. 1901, Mrs. Eliza Kinch. formerly of Butler. LEWIS—At his home in Butler, Jan. .'3. 1901. Frank Rex Lewis, aged 151 months, infant son of Chas. E Lewis, funeral Friday. CRITCHLOW—In Allegheny, Jan. 23 1901, a son of David Critchlow. of Jefferson twp. aged years. M< BRIDE —At her home in Murrius ville. Jan. 21, 1901, Mrs. Katherine, widow of the late Patrick Moßride, in her 81st year. JOHNSTON—At Tiffin. Ohio. January 23, 1901, Lucilla (Stoops) Johnston, wife of Dr. Samuel A. Johnston, formerly of Butler. Mrs J's death was caused by cancer, she having been a hospital patient since last August Her remains were brought to Butler today. EVANS—At her home on N. Main St., Butler, at 7:30 p. m., January 23, 1901, .Louisa, wife of John Evans. Death was caused by a complication of diseases which had rendered her an invalid for several months. She is survived by ber parents. George King and wife of Pittsbnrg. her husband and tour children. She was a member of the M. E. church. Private funeral at 2 p. m . Friday. BAUERS—At his home in Millvale, Allegheny Co., January 21, 1901, Henry Bauers, formerly of Butler, aged about 65 years. FREEHLING—On Monday morning, Jan. 21. 1901, Ida. wife of August G. Freehling of Winfield twp , aged 39 years. She leaves a husband and four small children. BRANDON—At her home in Harris ville, January 15, 1901, Maria B. Brandon, aged H2 years. SHIDEMANTLE — At his home in Lan caster twp , Jan 18, 1901, John Shide mantle, in his 83d year His wife, three sons and some daugh ters survive him. BARNETSON ~ At bis home in Kansas City. Jan. 20, 1901, John Barnetson, father of Mrs R M. Johnston, of Summit twp. BOOZEL At their home in Clay twp.. Jan. 19 and 20 1901, two children of Jno. R. BoozfJ, aged.s and 2 years MADDEN—Jan. 19, 1901. infant son of James Madden of Butler, aired one year. v MAXWELL-At Cambridge Springs, Pa., Jan., 19, 1901, George Maxwell, of Slipperyrodr, in his 'With year. Mr. Maxwell Was one of the best known citizens of Slipperyrock. His death was caused by Bright's disease Geo. Maxwell was born in Plain Grove twp., Lawrence Co.. Ang., 13, 18-11 and was a son of William and Nancy (Waddle) Maxwell. In 1861 lie enlisted in the "Round Heads'' 100 th Pa. Vol's, and served until bounded ;n the right knee at Spottsyl vania in IMI4. This wound kept him in the hospital for over a year and made him perman ently lame. Since the war he has dealt in (tattle. He was president of the board of trustees of Slippery rock Normal and a member of O. G. Bingham Post 305 G. A It. Obituary Notes. John I. Gordon died at his home in >!«r<<-r, Ja*t Hatnidsy. .(.irn n P. Sterrett, ex Chief Jastic s of the S ipre ii"! (Ja.ir- of P<»nn«ylv.ini i .arid fori/n-rly Judxe of the Cotnrnon Pleiu Omrt ft Allegheny connty. diwl at Philadelphia last Tuesday nii<ht D-sitb wan r.iused principally by the weitk»-n --inx fffectn of a carbnncle. STUCK UP Is the way you will fee' when jou have had yo'ir Rooms Decorated with our WiiU Paper. A w;ill well papered is .1 4hing of beauty, and .something to be stuck up about, jou know it, 100. Why not make your sel ctioil now, call and tie the /lew (ashio|iablc patterns; they strike the ej e as .something out of the common in colors und designs. Patterson Bros., 236 N. Main St. I'rojiie'i l'hotie 400. V\ ick i 1 tiding YOUR rj TA PRESCRIPTION ►1 SAFE M 1 WITH W2 >2 US. r JL J ' JOHNSTON'S." I Now is The Time to Have Your Clothing CLEANED OR DYED. .If you want' goou and reliable cleaning or dyeing done, there is just one place 711 town where you can ge* it, and that is at The Bullcr bye Works 218 Center avenue- BMA._ We do fine work in out door Photographs. I his is the time of year to have a picture <1 y-Mir house. Give us a trial. A pent Tor the .lai..e»town Hlldlur Kiind t'o.—New York. R. FISHER A SON "Peerless" Wall * Paper Absolutely Without Equal XI in GREATEST VARIETY I Hr BEST QUALITY. I II L. LOWEST PRICES. New Goods Now In For Season 1901. MCMILLANS Next Door to Postoffice l. UU.JL .U. .1' PROFESSIONAL CARDS. / ' EO. K. McADOO, M. D., U PRACTICE LIMITED. EYE, EAR, NOSE AND THROAT. HOI"RS:—~9 a. m. lo 12 ni; 1:30 p. m. to 4 p. m. Office and residence corner North and Washington streets. Bell 'Phone No. 45 and People's Phone. Butler, Pa. p M. ZIMMERMAN VJ • PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office No. 45, S. Main street, over City Pharmacy. T BLACK, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON New Trouttnan Building, Butler Pa. DR. C. ATWELL, Office 106 W. Diamond St., [Dr Graham's old office.] liouis 7 to 9 a. m. and 1 to 3 and 7 to 8 p. m. DR. N. M. HOOVER 137 E. Wayne St., office nours. 10 to 12 a. m. 1 and to 3 p. in. YT H. BROWN, M . HOMOEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office 236 S. Main St., opp. P. O. Night calls at office. OAMUELM. BIPPUS, U PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON 200 West Cunningham St. HW. WICK. • DENTIST. Has located in the new Stein building, with all the latest devices for Dental work. I J. DONALDSON, d, DENTIST. Artificial Teeth inserted on the latest improved plan. Gold Pillings a spec ialty. Office next to postoffice. DR. W. P. MCILROY, DENTIST. Formerly known as the "Peerless Painless Extractor of Teeth." Located permanently at 111 East Jefferson St. Opposite Hotel Lowrv, Butler. Will do dential operations of all kinds by the latest devices and up-to-date methods DR. M. D. KOTTRABA. Successor to Dr. Johnston. DENTIST^ Office at No 114 E. Jefferson St., over G. W. Miller's grocery. A. T. B I.AC a. . GEO. O. STEWART IILACK & STEWART, I) AttorneyH-at-law, Armory Building, Butler, Pa. P H. NEG LEY, Li ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office In the "CITIZEN" building. I D. McJUNKIN, T) , ATTORN EY-AT- LAW. Office in Rciber building, corner M.-.iti and R. Cunningham Sta. Entrance on E. Cunningham. JOHN W vOt'LTER. »l ,»TT(»kN|<V-AT-LAW. Win bnil ling, N Diamond St.. Butlri attention given to collection! 111< 1 bußiiiew» iimttrrn Reference; Butler Savings Bank, or flutter County National H>«tilr nIL. GOU2HER, • ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office in Wise building pOULTER & BAKER, V ATTORNEYS A 1 LAW. Room 8., Armory buildlh„. 4 T. SCOTT. j\ > ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office at No. H. West Diamond St. liut ler, Pa. I B. BR EDI N, r) . ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office on Miiin St. near Court House. 1 1 V. L. McQUISTION, V. Civil. ENGINEER ALFD SIIRVKYROC Office near Court House. BO YEARS' ■ R L J J ' L D J lln L ■ J DCBIONS ' FF?F ' 1 COPYRIGHTS AC. Arironn«nn(llri« ajkHrh and rtenrHjitlon mmt milcklr ssiwtsln om opinion fr»» wfinUier «n Invention IN probably iistwnlsbl* ; ommunlp*- Uorta Ntrlrt iy wirifldftfiLtel. Handbook on I wnt fri-i> .jf. r.rr for I'diKnii lakon (liroiiKh Munn i < «>. BprrUil nntUr, without «j»i»r»c». In lb» Scientific American. A huniliomolf wwffclf. larufl «Jr 'A* 1 " MUNN & Co. n6, " ,o ' dw " f New York Brlri'h <7m%7m K Ht.. WwblMlon. 11. C. BUTLER EBUSINESS COLLEGE. Pall term begin*, Monday, Sept. 13, I«/K» COURSES. 1 Practlml Book keepers. 2 Expert Accountants 3 AmanuenalsShorthaml, 4 Reporter's Shu I band 5 Practical Sbort Course in Book keeping, for those who merely wisli lo understand the simpler methods of keeping books, ft- Englirlt. Oi;a TMCMKR* We have four at iri sen alway* 11* many UH we no more. Cosmo** Wm<(pw'ttnlir uliln to ulnen 111 It'iml. I wil l' 111 iiiuiiy affiliate* 111 pimfUon* till' > ornlnK JO'ar as wi- have III" past We I'oiiUl plrwn tlirei- where we pliw'e one If w»- only Inul rnori' of I In* rlalil. klnil of material lo work on Young man. youriir woman, If yon have a fair I'.uifllsh i.ifin al lon. ami ar« furI UNL rliiii* ami PERSISTENT ||. will lie to your inter* l *! lo tako at li a*L onu of our courses, mill II I IK mill you lo r'-munaratlv* "in- PINY merit 'I HI flncul itynUim of ftliorltiaml ever puo llnlii'il will IN' used In our school th* coming YI ir ' all ami I'tamlne 11. Homl for a I*opy of our new catalogue ami circulars. A F. REGAL, Prln., 3'V S Main St.. liutler. Pa. M. C. WAGNER, ARTIST PHOTOGRAPHER '39 South, Main atreet- THE WORLD OVER.I Let The difference between living well and living pooily Us is very small if you buy right. The fellow who Examine knows it all is satisfied but people who are seeking new Your ideas are willing to learn. We 'nvite you to call on us Eyes. and let ns show you how to buy Watches.Clocks,Jewelry Its and Spectacles. There »s I only one glass that will It Free. your eye properly anil if you don't get that one glass your eye is liable to be injured, you may see through it alright you think, but it was never intended for your eye. We fit each eye with the paper lense by the latest and best scienti&c instruments and satisfaction guaranteed. CAKk H. kfcIGHNeR, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN, 209 S. Main St. BUTLER PA Bright With Color AND Interesting Features THE PHILADELPHIA Sunday Inquirer premises to eclipse all records during the coming year. To its already large staff of con tributors of international reputa tion have been added a number ol the most popular novelists and literary stars of the day. The best known water color artists will furnish special sketches for The Handsome Color Section which will be further artistically illustrated with finest half tone pictures, exquisitely decorated in colors Everything possible to modern, 20th Century journalism will be done to make the Sunday Inquirer what it has always been in the past —Pennsylvania's Greatest Newspaper. Order through your newsdealer, or remit to the Inquirer office di rect at the rate of five cents per copy or $2.50 per year for the Sunday and 25 cents per month for the daily issue of The Philadelphia Inquirer 1831 v "" 1901 Country Gentleman Hie Oil' Agricultural MSpaper, AND ADM ITTKDI.Y TDK Leading Agricultural Journal of the World Every department written by special ists, the highest authorities in their spec live lines. No other paper pretends to coni|>ete with it in qualifications of editorial staff. Gives the agricultural NhW'S with a degree of fullness and completeness not even attempted l>y others. Beat Reviews of the Crops Best Market Kepoits Best Accounts of Meetings Best Everything INDISPBNSABL.K TO ALL COUNTRY RESIDENTS WHO WISH TO KEEI' UP WITH THE TIMES. Single Subscription, $2, Two Subscriptions, $3.50. Four Subscriptions, $6. SFECIAL IHDOCEMEHTS TO KAISERS OF LARGE CLUBS. Write far Particular* on thl* folnt. Club Agents Wanted K very where. Pmir Monlhi' Trial Trip 50 cent*. SPECIMEN COPIES will Ik* mailed free on request. It will pay anybody interested in any way in Country life to send for them. Addrcta the publishers. LLITIIL'R TUCKER «i SON, Albany. N. V A Piane For The New Century Get one of the ) big winners. CHASE BROS. IIACKLEY, CARLISLE The Chase Iltoa. coats you more than others, but you get the bent. The Hack ley is a high grade piano at a medium price. The Carlisle compares favorably with the ordinary piano that is sold as artistic. Chase Bros $450 00 Hackley $350 00 Carlisle $250 00 On any tornu to unit your convenience. A liberal discount for cash. The p'anos are liriuly war run ted--you get a new one free of charge if one fails. Can you aOc bettei.' Everything in the music line. Call and see me; 'twill be to your interest. W. R. NEWTON, 317 South Main St- Butler Pa W. S. & E. WICK, UKALKttH IN Itoiitfii uikl W«»rk«'«l Lmnlnir of VI Kind* floor*. Himh hihl M< hi |«llll if* Oil WHI kltf* n Hpwrlalty. « >ni«*«i mill Yuri!. f* 1 iinnliiKlihiii mill Hi*, riitiir Vvi'*t I'i'iiii I>«•»#«»». HUTLICIt I'A I.V.Stewart. (Successor to H. Bickol) LIVERY. Sale and Boarding Stable W. Jcflcrson St., Hutlcr, I'a. Firat class equipment- eighteen drivers— of all kinds— cool, roomy and clean stables. People's Phone 125. J. V. STKWART. ADVKRTIHK I UK CITIZEN | Cut Prices on Finel i°- k Bed Room Suits 1 5 ; Part of the price thrown away. Nc. that's ner right: part of it given to yoo. which is any but thrown away. • S £ 545 kind at S3B. 7 < >ne of the best values we hav-* teal The Dresser has *well fr nt. quarter sawed top and highly yo polished. Wash Stand and Bed are made to match the dre—rr *" nc * at ' This suit is made of fine <jnar ter-sawed stock. and is highlv polished. l>r Sfcgq swell front. cast brass trimmings ami a large pattern mirror. The bed is made of fine quarter-sawed yj oak and is finished with a neat 1 (lampbell ft Tcmplctool MMMM EBSiSi®EBMRIIBOSIIHB PA PES Jewelers and Watchmakers. Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Silver ware, Silver Novelties. Lowest Prices Guaranteed. Old (told and Silver taken the same as cash. 122 S. Main St HELPLESS HUSBANDS HOW HELPLESS HUSBANDS HAYE BECOME HELPFUL. Never does a man feel so helpless u when he looks upon the suffering of the wife he loves and knows that he is powerless to prevent it. And when, as is often the cuke, he has exhausted every means at his disposal in the vain effort to restore his wife to health, his despair almost equals her suffering. There are husbands who have passed through this experience and have found a way to be helpful to their wives when physicians had absolutely failed to cure, and been even powerless to help the sufferer. One such husband thus relates his ex perience : "I take pleasure in writing you to let you know nWit your ' Favorite Prescrip tion,*" says Mr. E. B. Fricke, of Peters burg, Menard Co., 111*., Box 367. "My wife had been nick nearly all her life, and after trying everything I could think of I made up my mind to try ' Favorite Prescription.' I sent to Chicago and got six bottles, which my wife took, a table spoonful three time* a day, until the baby came. She felt better after taking the first bottle, and when bnbv was born he weighed nine and a half pounds. To-day lie is six months old and weighs twenty-two pounds. He is a* good a child as any one could wish. The doctor «ays he is as healthy as any baby could Iw, and sl*o the doctor says your 'Favor ite Prescription ' was the cause of such a healthy baby. 1 felt I owed you this much for the good you did my wife and (or my own happiness." IIIS "MtTTKK HAL*." The reference to the wife as the "better hslf" i* made sometimes half humorously. But in his heart every man feels thst the old phrase expresses a fact. When the wife is sick the whole fabric of home totters to its fall. When the wife is confined to her l>ed the hus band lea.ls a half life, a life from which the sunshine and laughter have been taken away. It is not to lie wondered at therefore, that husband* express their gratitude for the cures which follow the use of Dr. I'ierce's I'avorite Prescription. What a change from a sickly bed ridden wife, helpless anil miserable, to a wife who is once more able to "guide the house" in health and happiness. "Mv wife was afflicted with uterine trouble for several year*," write* Mr. J. C. Day, of Little Britain, Lancaster Co., Pa., "and in November, 1898, the doctor said she had a mishap. He treated her for altout two months or no, but there was but little improvement. 1 wrote you after she had commenced to take ' Favorite Prescription ' and you told us to get 'Golden Medical Discov ery ' also. She took six or seven liottlcs JOl3 WORK Neatly Don<? At The CITIZEN S? ( SSO kind at S4C. 7 taini;s. shaped top. mnh ' fnnr l« and pa::-Tt. rs-.rr - A .-r: 1535 and Bed t»> ma*, a tie D" -—r This snit is mmlte «rf stock and is highly p- iisActL g Large t)nk Dw-kmmt nw«i»- beaatifnl figrirvd qtmrter «aw-.ilfiC GoMen Oak. has wm»# tvat. pal 2Es5 tern mirror. Wi«b stand t "iSST match the Dresser: bed fcw !is>-Jg| Unarter sawed panels anil s hari'i sotnelv carred. fl|C of • Favorite Prescription' and two ot ' Golden Medical Discovery' she was cured and got out of bed and was able to attend to her housework once more." I>octor Pierce's Favorite Prescription makes weak women strong and sick women well. It establishes regularitv, dries the drains which weaken women, heals inflammation and ulceration an«l cure* female weakness. When taken is a preparative for maternity it promotes health of body and cheerfulness of mind. It encourages the nppetiti-, in duces refreshing sleep, and when tin hour of trial comes it makes the hubv's advent practically painless. It is the f>cst tonic for nursing mothers, promot ing the flow of the nutritive secretions and giving the mother strength to give her child. "My wife was sick for over ci|(ht years," writes Albert If. Fulte, Ksq., of Aitamont. Gr u -»d y Co.. Tcnn. "She had uterine ■ disease and was treated by two physicians and gut no relief. At last I read in ' one of your Memorandum v Books which you sent me f about I>r. Pierce's medi cine* and we derided to try liis ' Favorite Prescrip tion.* I sent t > the drug store and got one bottle and the first ifcisj ;j»ve ease and sleep. She had not slept any for tli nights. Being sure that it nould cure her I sent for five more (Kittles, and when she had taken th»- six ljottles she was sou mi and well." AN OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN. Women who arc suffer ing from diseases of long standing are invited to con - sult I»r. !'i< rce, by letter, fret. All letters arc pri vately read and privately answered, and the written confidences of women arc treated with the same strict professional privacy ob served by Dr. Pierce in personal consul tations with women at the Invalids- Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo. N. Y. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buf falo, N. Y. Tliis offer of free consultation by It iter Is not to lie classed with the spurious offers of "free medical advice" made l>v thoce who having neither professional training nor experience are medically and legally unqualified to give the ad vice they offer. Although it takes more than a diploma to make a good plivsi ciau yet the medical diploma is essen tial as witnessing to professional study and training. It is well for women to examine into offers of "free medical advice," and to uscertairi whether the offer is made by those conijietent pro fessionally and legally to give uie<licul advice. Any one can offer "medical advice" but such advice from one who is not medically educated and qualified is not only worthless but dangerous. In n little over thirty years Dr. Pierce, chief consulting physician to the Inva lids' Hotel ami Surgical Institute, Buf falo, N. Y., assisted by his staff of nearly 11 score of physicians, has treated and cureil hundreds of thousands of weak and sick women. Write therefore with out fee as without fear to Dr. K. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. The effort of some dealers to sell a substitute for "Favorite Prescription" as "just as good" is due to the fact that les* meritorious preporations pay a little more profit. Insist on having the medi cine which makes weak women strong and sick women well. To husbands and wivks. The best medical work for the home is Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Med ical Adviser. This great work treats of health and disease froyi the vicw-jioiiit of common sense. It contains 1008 large pages and is sent free on receipt of stamps to pay expense of mailing only. Send 11 onc-cent stamps for the book in paper-covers, or 31 stamps for the cloth liouud volume. Address Dr. K. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.