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Bickel's Spring Footwear THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE STOCK WE HAVE EVER HAD. \f„ n ' AH the latest styles in Men's Shoes. •i'Atfll >_ mIIUco fuilline of Men's Patent Caif Shoes—the very latest styles, $3.00, $3 50, $5.00 and S6OO. \ ici-kid and Box- Calf Shoes $1.50 to $5.00. Also a complete stock of Men's Patent Leather jr.d Viri kid Oxfords in the latest styles. Boy's ami Youth's Shoes. the 1. test *■'■> !<-s. Spring la*ts, are very attractive. We have a full st k of Bo> s ; L; tie Gents' Shoes in Patent Calf, Box Calf, \ ici-Kid. Ladies Fine Shoes—SOUOSlS—l'he New .Shoe for Women, "f comfortable aid All styl s. "AAA to E." We have a large as-ortsnent r f the Celebrated Carter Comfor.. Shoe-* and especi ally rtrcommcud thtm for their cornf rt giving qualities. Misses' and Children's .Shoes. h i lV the° c «S Toe most complete st<jck of Misses'and Cbi;drtn's Shoes we have ever had. A I the new styles in fine Dongola Tan, Red and Patent Leather. All ;izcs, "A to EE," ranging in price from SI.OO to $3.00. All Winter Goods to be closed out iegardles3 of cost. Special bargains in Felt Boots and Rubber Goods of ail kinds. HIGH IRON STANDS with four lasts at 50c. Soie Leather cut to any amount you wish to purchase. JOHN BICKEL, 12.' SCIIH MAIN STREET. - - BUTLER, PA 201bCentury UIIQCI TflM'Q 20th Century Shoe Sale nUOCLIUII Shoe Sale Greatest of all Shoe Sales! Begins January 17, at 9:30 After stock taking we find broken sizes and odd lots all through this immense stock which must be sold. Great Price Concessions Counteract January lull in trade and made it one of our busy months Just think of it. Strictly high grade Footwear marked to sdl at a Fourth, a Third and a Half less than our regular prices. For instance, Shoes that we seil regularly for SI.OO and f 1.25 now selling for 50c Those at $2.00 and $2.50, now $1.45 and $1.85. Others at 1.2£ and $1.50 now 75c and 95c. Iriesistibie Values Compel Prudent People to Purchase This price cutting reaches every line and these values are not equaled in any shoe house in Butler. DON'T DELAY. Come before the lots arc broken. Sale begins THURSDAY, JANUARY 17, at 9:30 Thenc goods sold only for cash. B. C. HUSELTON'S, F-allrr'n Leading Hboe flou**. Opposite Hotel Lowrjr I These Are New $ $ Spring, 1901. j* I SATIN STRIPK ALBATROSS-A light weight fabtic of fine tex- Uh ture and vtry handsome appearance. Solid Color# with white Rat in stripe. All wool 27 inched wide y ■ 75c '* >' ar '' IP FRENCH I'LANNKL—New Spring weight, solid colon, all wool, 27 inches wide 60c yd I'ANCV SILK ZKItIYR—A silk and cotton fabric. Washes ■ splendidly Handsome stripes and plaids. Kxccllent fur waists and of drewic*— 27 inches wide 35c y'l Pj MP.RCi'.RI/.KIJ COTTON FOULARfIS-Very handsome- and silky. Uk Printed and finished like finest silk Foulards. 27 Inches wide.. 35c yd MKRCERIZKD WOVEN SILK Make of fine Meroeri/.er! Cotton, tn Good Ixsly and very silky looking. Solid colon and corded stripes kfc 27 inches wide 25c )"' Jv WASH FABRICS -Complete lines of new Seersuckers. Ginghams, K Zephyrs, Lawns, Dimities and Sheer fabrics. Constant arrivals of choice vew good* keep the line complete in every detail. WHITE GOOD'S New Lawns, Dimities. Swisics, Embroideries, flr I, ices, All-overs and Lece Curtains at lowest prices. NEW—Gold Belt*. Buckles, Buttons, Spike* and Kraids. New JO Chain Purses, Brooches and Hair Ornaments. Jp L. Stein & Son,| 108 N. MAIN STREET, BUTLER, PA subscribe for the CITIZEN Trembling Nerves Aro hungry nnrvoa—nerves that aro starved until -they hare rx> vitality left. They havo lost all power to regain their natural strength and steadiness. You who aro restless, nervous, fidgety, depressed in spirits, worried, worn-out and sleepless, should f<-ed your nerves. Build thorn up and give them now life andstrength before they fail you entirely. Now in the time to do it< and the beat food you can use is Dr. Miles' Nervine. It is a brain-builder and nerve-strengthener of remarkablo power, and a speedy remedy tot nervous troubles of everyj description. Buy a bottlo to-day. Sold by affDrtsggists on a guarantee. Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, Lid. THE BUTLER CITIZEN. State Library jnlyOl "Before I bepfan taking Dr. Miles* Iforvine I was about as norvous as anyone could be. I had the most dreadful headache ami no sleep or rest at any time. Before I had taken one bottle of Nervine I could Klff'p all nltfht, my "petite was improved and my nervousness was fast disappearing- In a short time I was myself again." MRS. D. D OWKN, 23 Utica St., Ithaca, N. Y. Tonight If your In r is out of order, causing Biliousr.c-ir. Sick Headache, Heart burn, or Con-tipation, take a dose of Hood's On retiring, and tomorrow your di gestive organs will be regulated and you will be bright, active and ready "for anv kind of work. This has been the experience of others; it v. ill be yours. HOOD'S PILL.*- are sold bv all medicine dealers. 25 eta. CATARRH LOCAL* DISEASE and is the result of cc'-' and Pm COtuJ sudden climatic changes. For your Protection y MrfEVEij^S we positively slate that this !s$ \ rerr.fi y doea I. ■ - . n mercury or tcy other Eiy's Cresm Batoi^SsiSl is acknowledged to t.e ti c ti.oronfli care for Kval 1 au-rii, Co.rl in Head »r.d Hsy Fever of aJ rerrif dj's. It op«-r • and e'wmses theni»al J allays tiain ar;d infUnjma'Jon, the rr< i>r'>- tecta the tnembnr.e trim colds, the f-' -' i of tae' andßrne:). rV.ce. r -atl>rrist' 'rhy : KLV bIM/X'UJiliS, 5-5 Waxren Street, Kew York. MKST A Great Nerve Medicine. Ce'lery King cleanses ttie system and builds it a p. It irakes the blood pnre. It tjcantlflfts the complexion. It cores constipation and disorders. It curew headache and most other aches. Celery King cures Nerve, Mtomach, Liver and Kidney diseases. 1 H TRUE W W TONIC W Aids digestion, st'mulates Wl and enriches the blood, 7A fortifies the syiteni kl t ® against ami im- W1 ml parts the vlow «f health WA to sallow faces. TRY JOHNSTON'S f 4 A Beef, Iron and Wine and you will get results Wj >l' at once. M Price 50c a pint. B M Prepared and sold only at f < A JOHNSTON'S b ►1 Crystal Pharmacy, U*> N, Main ht , RutU r, I'a. J.V. Stewart, (Successor to H. Bickel) UVERY. Sale and Boarding Stable W. Jefferson St., Rutler, f'a. Firat class equipment—eighteen good drivers—rigs of all kinds— cool, roomy and clean s'ablcs. People's Phone 125. J.V. STEWART. ICxciirMloii I<> (lornmendng Hnndny, May oth. the Sunday excursion fare from Bntler to AUeffheny will 1m one dollar for tickets good going on train leaving Butler »t .09 » m , Oity time returning on train aving Allegheny at 5.H0 p. in. eitv ine. Tlie QUTbGR CITIZ6N. SI.OO ix r yftur If f»aW In ftdvannr. ||.V) will l»« ctiuiut «l- A I»VKPtTIHIN<i ItATKH One l»i» li. onu Mfn« %\\ <*JK'li HllhMH|lir lit IliHiil'tlon ori fit isnrh Auditor** fiiitl illvorcr no»i«« -» *1 i-nrli; utor*' an«l ••st ray unci (ItHnoliitlon riot lc-H •Ivwh- Ihk notlcc H a lln«- for llrnl and r*»*«'nti» for v.w.U HUlwiiiiunt liif-rtlon. ,\otlr«» anionicl<H*al n'?wn l.'i entity a Jinn f«»r eu hiii nnrtl'ni, ()hltuurl<t, rardi of t iiarikfl, riittolutloim <»f run poet, notices «<r r> tlvalM and r :« i i .. otc tn mruo h I the ia I« of . •nt i a linn, money to a« <'onipany t In- orUnr. 4ev#jfi word h of proiH) make a line. Itai-nn for MtainilriK ranl»* arm Job work on application. Alt advertNtntf 1m due afti r flr .t iromrtlon, and all traiiMlent must, bn paid for in advance. AII rornrriunlratl'irm Intended for puMira i t lon In t hi* pap* r mtmt i»«i a' < ofnpan!* d by | thf real name of the wi lt»*r, not for imhllra j tlon Ins» ai(iiaranU*e <»f icood faith.and should I rea*'h us not lati-r than ru<>s*lay nv«'rilri((. Death notice* •mist he accompanied with roHpouslhle name. BUTLER, THURSDAY, MARCH 14. 1901 ROBING VERSUS MEN. How do the rcbins know When it's tim« to go? Ho «n the-/ tell v.hen th~ dar is at hand To l*a*' th ir r.r??s and fly Aw iy to the i- utht ra, sunny land. Where t!.? blue is ih th« sky? Eov do they know Ere the north winda Mow, Brir.rir.y the chill and the ice and snow; Why do they n-ver foolishly wait. Flirt:njj with chance and tempting fate? Ah, the robins are wiser far | Than some men are! i They take no chances nor fool around. Thinking, becau?- today is fair, Hat ton. tow good < heer will still abound, With f!« er a woe nor care— Thinking because tb»n fc r 3 come their way In clusters today Good 1. k has f ttlrd with them to stay! The rjjm j.:= r\'_'is to uot cut cf the *«L-t While the sun is faithful:., shining yet! —Chicago T.Oica-H raid. • TME ftAN UNDER 1 THE BED. ~S UAO. I '.'M. byt'. I'j- I^wis. %<,, i : • 1 . f I had been in I'.irU for a it.:.- of months, liv : i at a fam:!y h tei and knocking a 1.1 nt my 1 v. .vhen I made »i> at - atacee of Felix Ducheav. n. L cabled him . If. He was a 1. vf oh u:i : < ■ v£h a rrencl: . frcui hen 1 to heel, lie spoke En„ it f. ' well. He was not a man wi- -:a 1 I nave -••h et ed as a f.. ail. ..n.l yet tl .•• WJ: . a souethics -iL .l' !..." . iat. resteil u.c. He !:ad « av 1. d eit. iwively. met with many :.-lv : - ■'• >n r d talker. 1 tatne to l:n-. " ■-< a -tn sift. ;ve nnd <■■■ jje. . •:. .1: I j I feared he oulu tu:n c-;:t ' 1 • a para site, notliin : of tit.- sort l;u;.j- -ued. He scetued to ' ive pl<-nty < f i..-.uey of his own aud i: ver asked for tbe loan of a frsac. I had known Duchene for three or four weeks wiien we visited it dance hall on one of th<* outer boulevards one night. The place was a resort for tough men and bad women and prom ised a phase of Parisian life 1 had not TOE FELLOW KTKt oai.EH rUKIOL&LY AND CUT MY ARM. yet met. We found a ro:igh crowd Indeed, and the cvei :ng was not half over when 11 burly lug fellow deliber ately picked a quarrel with me. I was giving him the worst of It when he drew n knife nnd rushed upon me. Duchene, who was standing quietly by, knocked the scoundrel senseless, and, to my a world" •»«« •»»* '■ by the half tloz<'n friends <if the vic tim wiio had been urging him to fin ish me. I en me to know later on that the whole ii.ing was 11 put up Job, but I looked upon it then ns a brave action on the pnrl of my acquaintance and Kiive him my gratitude nnd friendship. I had ntver questioned him ns to why ho was 111 i'uris, where or how he lived or what nlm he had In life, nnd he had never dropped n hint. I had a secret belief flint he was a gambler nud a sharper, but to me he was as straightforward as conld be hoped for. About two weeks after the event at tb'> di:nce hall Duchene told me his Hlory, or 11 part nt It. ITe was a pro fessional gambler, or had been tip to a few month . before he met me. Then his eyesight hud gon« hack on him and he hnd been olillr'd to abandon the business. I had observed that lie was nearsighted nnd had been obliged to favor his eyes. \ year IK-fore meeting me bucheno and a partner bad "rope*!" a rich young fellow Into a game anil skinned him out of what would lie about SSO,<HK) In American money, 'l'bey were ihen oc cupying rooms In a certain house he in dicated, und, fearing trouble from the victim, who hud declared himself de frauded, the money had been hidden under the floor. Trouble came. Moth men were arrested, ai d, while buchene got a year in prison, the other man dl« d of pneumonia while waiting his trla' On lcavlnK prison Uucliene at once took steps to K< cure his money, l»i<t found the floor l»i possession of an ar tificial flower maker who held a banc. The place could not be entered and Hearelied, and the 550,000 Htlll rested beneath tli<- floor of the front room. It would take .$1,500 to buy the lease and oust the flower maker and another SSOO (o put In a stock of something to throw the police off the went. buchene could not raHse the money, nor had he yet met nin an he dared trust. Ills propo sition to me was that 1 furnish the $2, 1100 and receive SIO,OOO of the hidden money as my reward. Had he offered to go halves I think I should have look ed upon It as a "plant" and thrown it over, but In offc. ing me a sixth portion he seemed to show good business tact. It. was a big return on the Investment big enough to satisfy any one and 1 gave him a favorable answer nt once. He bad already sounded the flower maker as to the lease, and if my mon ey was raised the pa pern could 1"* sinn ed three days later. I had a good lilt of cash nt my bankers, and on the sec ond day after bearing j)ii, liene's story I drew out $2,000 In gold nnd placed the luiis In my trunk. Next day the pa pers were to Is: signed, and a week lat er the floor would be In our possession. That night the two or us attended tli" theater and afterward had supper, and I haven't th<- slightest doubt that, my wluc wns drugged. While I was not made helpless. my head seined as big lis a barrel. I could hardly keep my eyes open, and If bucheno laid not put me in a <-n 1 • und Instructed the driver I should never have found my way to tin' hotel. I had to lie helped to my room, and I f«•!I upon the bed, dx s'i< d jtH I WIIS, and was Instantly l I had 1m i n asleep two hours wheu I uwoke as keen IIH a fox. The effects of tin' drug bad vanished, and i. I 'rot out of tied to undress I found uiy legs all :!ght again. I was fully undrei"-ed and ready to get between the sheets when my cur caught H sound from under the bed. I at once stooped down for a look, and my eyes rested upoti a man lying on the broad of his back. I had him out In a second. It seemed to me as If I had live times my ordinary strength, and, though the fellow struggled furiously and cut my arm with a knife, I grasped his throat and choked him till he lay like one dead. II was only when I had struck a light that I found the Intruder to be buchene. lie had come In through the window which opened on a ve- randa. He had been working at the ! lock of my trunk when I made some i noise on awakening, and he had rolled ; himself under the bed. He had come for that bag of gold, and he had meant ; to do for me If necessary. I alarmed the hou?e. the police were i sent for, and the t%lio T .r was taken ! away, but It was a good hour before he recovered his senses! His story wgs entirely false, and he had put up a job to rob me. It was my testimony that gave him five years in prison, but after it was all over and be had been sent away I was a bit sorry for him. He could tell a good story, had a laugh which made you laugh with him, and few men of his class in Paris or else where could order a better dinner. He was not a grasping man withal, ne had planned to rob me of $2,000 where mother would have raised the figure to So,ooo. The Grßl'ir Art of Letter WrltlDK. The classic age of letter writing, like tint of chivalry. Is gone, although no 14c ke has been found yet to utter Its splendid funeral oration. Correspond ence uu business. hurried notes contain ing invitations to dinner or acceptances thereof —these ore the missive's which fill the bag of the letter carrier. The love li-ltc . we presume, still liolels its sway. if we are to judge from the reve.at. .i:s of breach of promise cases, It is fu!! of sugary seutimentalism :LS in the days of Lydia Languish. Hut the letter as It has passed info litera ture. the letter whose highest claim to he treated as art is that it conceals art. toe letter written I y William Cow prr. el Oii-cr (!>:!d.-raifb. or Horace Walp 1. 1 . >•; Mi-. Bu • y— that charm- In,' ep.stle intern:- ■ '• :y for the affec tion:-;e perusal <:' ds au l yet of such value x.i the l» •• .• of life and i:.::i;eers —shall we ..•• it has elis appuml from the busy oderu world, k.io l.y the y the steam ship and the thoughts that shuke man kind As least, it is nv w but a rare product, a fragile flower scarcely aide to maintain Itself in our altered social s»>il. Correspondence from being a cherish ed art and solace has in our day teud ed to become what is called In slang a "grind." it Is "snippety," like the cheap newspapers, a seirt of "bits" or "cuts." giving hints which require to be filled out. only that the receiver lias hardly time for that mental process. Truth to tell, a great of our letter writing is boredom, the (Source of irrita tion anei weariness to those who are called on to undertake it.—London Spectator. From Finder* to Fork*. In olden times finders served well enough to convey food to the mouth, and a divided gourd was an acceptable drinking vessel, but when fashionable aspirations seized our ancestors they scorned these Implements of nature, and even the Pacific Islanders pulled their hair, of which they had a gener ous abunelance, in their anxiety to tie vise more seemly methods. They final ly manufactured forks that looked like skewers, and out of the bamboo they manufactured knives. The Indians, proverbially slow In adopting modern ways, still eat without knives or forks, although they have permitted the use of spoons. These were first made of I shells and the rinds of gourds. Later | handles were Inserted, and, having ' bussed nuninroiia Lutvim, forks I and spoons have reached tl"» ureaent elaborately ornamented Kinds now In general use. The cup Is probably the most ancient of all domestic utensils. Its earliest form was simply the half closed hand or the folded leaf. The J followed cups made of sea sholls or rinds of fruit cut in halves. Later appeared cups of metal, lacquer and china. For centu ries the cup has been made the expres sion of art and luxury, and the most precious mctala, combined with the ar tisan's most consummate skill, are now rommonly employed In their manufac ture.— liultlinore Sun. The !V' timber 4. There are four cardinal points, four winds, four quarters of the moon, four seasons, four figures In the quadrille, four rules of arithmetic, four suits of cards, four quarters to the hour, four legs for furniture, most animals go on four legs, the dead are placed between four planks, the prisoners between four walls. We have four incisor and four canine teeth, and our forks have four prongs; all animals, when butchered, are cut Into four quarters; the violin, greatest of all string Instruments, has l ut four strings; four of a kind Is a pretty good hand at inker even If they arc only fours. Exchange. A GFIEAT PITY. ffnd Cyi-nii Lived, lie W onld Tin.*** Ileen u Champion. '•Gentlemen," said the man with the speckled cigar as we got seated In the smoking compartment, "you must ex cuse me tf I do not appear hilarious today. The fact Is I have Just heard of the death of m> brother Cyrus." "That's bad," replied the man with the George Washington chin In a sym pathetic voice. "Very sudden death, was It?" "No, sir. '»n the contrary, It took him 11 year to die. lie was out west last winter and got caught In a snow avalanche and was burled "jo feet deep. He llvVi till a month ago and then gave up his life. When ids body was found, his fingers were grasping a let ter addressed to me, a letter In which he said lie had not tasted food for 212 days." "lint how did he live?" "On snow, I suppose." "And how could lie write you 11 letter If burled under the snow?" "He used a quill toothpick and bloeid from his arm." The man with the George Washing ton chin leaned back and thought It over for awhile ami then sulci: "It Is an awful pity that your brother Is dead." "Yes, It wns a great loss to the coun try at large." "ftccatlKC lie would have made such a champion liar In a few years more." "What!" exclaimed the man with the speckled cigar a« lie rose up. "l>o you think my brother prevaricated about the avalanche?" "Worse than that. 1 think lie lied like a trooper." "Gentlemen, I trust you will excuse my emotions I trust you will. None of you know what It Is lo hear a dead brother vilified. I promised him on Ids dying bed that I would never strike a man In anger, and I am therefore help less 111 tills case except to withdraw. Good evening, gentlemen good even- I, M :" M. QI AI- Nice l'*or I lie TorfolNe. "Now, Mary," said a mistress to her newly Imported maid, "In the kitchen there Is a pet tortoise, and I hope you will lie very kind to it. I>o you know a tortidse when you see one?" "No, mum. Hhurc aud w hat lolke is itr After having explained it to her the girl went ami brought It forth. "Is that It, mum?" "Yes." "Blitire, that Is what 111 was using to break the coals wld!" London An RECORDING NEST BOXES. \ Convenience In Keeping Account • of Laid by Each Hen. It is often desirable to record exactly the egg production of individual fowls, l'ho Maine station has recently given a description of a nest box which is claimed to be inexpensive, easy to at tend to and certain in its action. Boxes are arranged in cases in groups of four. When used singly, a cover is provided for each box. The nest box is without front end or cover, 28 inches long, 13 Inches wide HOMEMADE NEST BOXES. and 13 inches deep, inside measure ments. A division board with a circu lar opening 7 l » inches In diameter is placed across the box 12 inches from the back end and 15 inches from the front end. The back section is the nest proper. Instead of a close door at the entrance a light frame Is covered with wire netting. The door is 10',4 inches wide and 10 inches high and does not till the entire entrance, leaving a good margin all around to avoid friction. It is hinged at the top and opens up into the box. The hinges arc placed on the front of the door. The trip consists of one piece of stiff wire about three-six teenths of an Inch in diameter and 18V1- inches long, bent as required. A piece of hoard 0 inches wide and just long enough to reach across the box Inside Is nailed flatwise In front of the parti tion anil an inch below the top of the box, a spare of one-fourth of an inch being left between the edge of the board and the partition. The 0 Inch section of the trip wire Is placed across the board and the long part of the wire slipped through the quarter inch slot and passed down close to and in front of the center of the 7'/j Inch circular opening. Small wire staples are driv en nearly down over the 0 inch section of tin- trip wire luto the board so as to hold It In place aud yet let it roll side wise easily. When the door Is set, a half Inch sec tion of the wire comes under a hard wood peg or a tack In the lower edge of the door frame. The hen passes In through the circular opening and In do ing HO presses the wire to one side- The door swings down and uH ll * self b.v sf«fciug (i- c- of a wooden latch or lever. The latch Is five Inches long, one Inch wide and half an Inch thick and Is fastened loosely one Inch from Its center to the side of the box, so that the outer end Is just inside of the door when it Is closed. Pieces of rubber belting ure nailed at the outside entrance for the door to strike against. When a bird lias laid, she steps to the front of the box and remuins until released. Each hen has u. band with n number attached to her leg, and the eggs inny be numbered to correspond. Ifouocinitde Snlmoll Plow. We herewith give cut and descrip tion of the subsoil plow we have used with entire satisfaction for many years. The beam and handles can bo bought or made. The plow part can be made by any good blacksmith. There is no patent on this, says South ern Cultivator. A C and H I) are pieces of two inch bar Iron two feet long. C 12 is about 20 to 2S Inches, 2 by 3 laid down SUBSOIL PLOW. broad way and drawn to a point from the upper side, the lower side being perfectly straight and parallel with tbo plow beam. 1> B should be good steel. The uprights. A O and II I), are welded Into C I> at angles. (J i> Is about 12 Inches and l> 10 from 12 to 15 Inches. The uprights are fastened to the beam at A and It by clamps made of J.ve-eighths rod supplied with taps and erosspleee with holes for the rod. Fasten these clamps securely and you have the strongest brace possible and may hitch two or four or six mules or oxen, as suits you. Tills Is the two horse subsoil plow. To make a one horse plow make B i) E, leaving off a 0 d. In using these the point E should be kept sharp und long aud run parallel with beam. II 1> may be sharpened If need be to cut small roots, etc. Planting potatoes In ground where rye has grown Is by some farmers con sidered a preventive of scab. Others are »f opinion that plowing under green crops of oals, peas or rye will prevent a great deal of fungi. CAULIFLOWER CULTURE. Tlir Crop Not a Standard Our. t»nt Una Uood I'roflt In It. "There Is a good profit In growing cauliflowers for market If the condi tions are all right, but with the culture often gtveu them they are not a relia ble crop. In growing cauliflowers for sale the first tiling to be consider ed Is a market for these luxuries. The crop Is not a staph* one, like some Which are considered necessaries of life, and you must find people who want them anil are aide to buy them," says a successful grower who gives practical directions on the subject In Vlck's Magazine as follows: It Is not best lo economize too much In purchasing seeds. The higher prlc cd strains of white cauliflowers, where the type has become established by careful selection for several years, arc more reliable In heading, and the whit er tbl heads Hie b«tt«r they will sell In the market. The large pure white curds, with the leaves trimmed nicely around them, nttrnct the eye, and pen pie buy them because liny "look nice." The Early Snowball Is i li« - itamhird with many people and pmhiihly more extensively grown than any <1110')' va riyty and Is usually very satisfactory. I make the first sotvlnc of tlio see«l In b hotbed in March.- A little later I sow more seed In a cold frame and sow at different times in tbe open pr un<l from April until June. My ji'an is to hsve only a small part of the crop mature at one time. V.'lioq making the seed bed for prow lug the plants in ope;i ground, I give It a good dressing of poultry manure or commercial fertilizer, also lime or ash es. to prevent club fjot from attacking the plants. The fertilizer is spaded in and the surface rakid down fine. The seed is sown in shallow drills about eight inches apart and trod in with tlie feet if the ground is dry and covered with about one-half an inch of soil drawn over with the back of a rake. Water the bed frequently if the weath er is dry. and in about one month the plants will he ready for transplanting. A deep, moist, clay soli Is the lu-st for cauliflowers, although good crops can FNOWBALL CAULIFLOWER. be grown on any good garden soil. I cover the ground two or three inches deep with stable manure and plow it In. Then harrow nnd furrow 2Vi feet apart. If 1 have well rotted manure, I scatter it in tlie furrow and mix it with the soil with the cultivator, or if the manure is not at hand I set the plants and in a few days apply around them a little commercial fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen. Vegetables of which the leaves or stalks are the edible parts need plenty of nitrogen in an available form. The plants are transplanted at different times from May until June. Cauliflower plants from the hotbed should uot be set too early unless they are well hardened, for they are more easily Injured by frosts than cabbages. I do the most of the cultivation with the wheel hoe and horse cultivator. To insure success in a dry season one must have some means of irrigation. The plants should not stop growing at any time; hence the importance of irri gating them during a drought. Moillnm Early and Late Tomaton. Medium early nnd late crops of toma toes may follow after peas, early rad ishes, spinach aud crops of that sort, and since they may be set in the field later less expense Is necessary in grow ing the plants, though for good, strong plants the seed should be planted ear ly In March in the states of largest production. The seeds ma}' l»e sown in a well prepared bed in rows six Inches apart, the seeds averaging about four to the inch in the row. With good conditions aud care the plants should be well developed early in May, and they should then be transferred to a cold frame prepared as for the early sorts. In transferring the plants ns much as possible should be saved. Owing to the advanced season, the dan«" r " r frost being past, the sashes may be taken oir nnd tiu> j.iuuts ion to the natural climatic conditions pre paratory to setting In the field, which may take r«anj iu «- Voorhees. Jim» nnd Soto. Tho California Cultivator claims that there lins been produced In that state a navel lemon which Is absolutely seed less nnd possesses the characteristics of the orange for which It has been named California nnvel lemon. Tbe shape follows closely that of the or ange, but the acidity runs high. The Michigan station recommends the avoidance of old potato patches as tugar beet fields. There are «,000,000 farmers In Amer ica engaged In dairying. They pro duct' annually dairy products—milk, cream, butter, cheese and calves—to the value of .S7OO.OOO,<MK>. They are farmers first and dairymen afterward —that Is, they till their farms Just as any other farmer docs and turn their crops Into finished products—high pric ed butter aud creain—lnstead of sell ing them as raw material. llr. J. 11. Halo Is credited with tho insertion that the old idea of peach belts, outside of which It Is folly to nt- to grow high class fruit profita bly, la a mistake. lOxcepting a few places up lu northeastern Maine there Is no region In which good peaches can not be grown and mftdc to pay. A (iond Tim* rnmlli*. "The girls that are growing up now will have one Important advantage over the young married women of to duy." "What's thn4T' "Their husbands will not be continu ally telling them of the tluo cooking their mothers used to do." "How do you know?" "Because the cooks won't allow tho mothers of the coming race to stick their noses Into the kitchen."—Chicago Tlmes-llerald. No riinnice. "How many cents make u dollar now?" asked the boy of the corner gro cer. "The same ns ever," was tho reply. "A hundredi" "Certainly. What makes you ask such a question?" "Why, I'vo been visiting my sister in Canada for the last three months, and I didn't know but things had under gone u change over here." How She li new, Mr. Lo .leeks —Well, Miss Coldcnsh, 1 suppose you received u good many birthday cards? Miss < 'oldeosh (sweetly) -Oh, yes, and there was one particularly dainty and artlstle. I am sure It came from you. Mr. I.e Jocks (delighted)— What makes you think so? Miss Coidcasb- Because I sent It to you on your last birthday Tit Hits. Il«> (nn Flatter, "Why do you think he will bo a suc cess in life? Has he such remarkable ability?" "Only lu one way." "What is that?" "When he frels like It. he can put on an air of respectful admiration that will make you think you are tho great est man that ever happened."—Chicago Post t Mhatnrlri In Ilia l*nth, "Yes, they are mighty particular folks lu Cleveland," said the tramp who was relating some of bis adven tures. "I think I should have taken a bath there If they hadn't been so fin icky about It." "What did they do or say?" "Why. they wanted me to wait for an offshore gale and then to hire a lug and K<> out six miles before I Jumped overboard! I simply bad to defer my liuth till I struck a tjiunt.v duck pond." RAILROAD SPOTTERS. THE SECRET SERVICE THAT ONE BIG SYSTEM MAINTAINS. Members of It In Every Department From Yardmen I p—►f orlorn Com plieatioua W hvu Spotter** I nk.nown to One Another Crow* Lines. "Probably the most perfect snotty system achieved by any private cor poration." says S. H. Adams iu Ains lee's, "is that of one of the blpr eastern railroads, which Is to some extent modeled on the secret service system of some of the eastern governments, though by no means so complex. "So farreachlng and so direct, how ever, are its lines of communication that the president of the organization Is himself kept constantly informed of the trend of affairs and the changes of sentiment among the employees of every division and subdivision of the whole railway system, and that with out the knowledge of any other persons but his own special corps of clerks and secretaries. "Nobody but himself knows the en tire personnel of the wonderful service that he has perfected. His agents are drawn from every branch of the road's operating staff. They are engineers, freight brakeinen, passengeT trainmen, conductors, signalmen, yardmen, sta tion agents, track walkers and even division officials. Should that road have a strike—and strikes are far less likely to occur than they were before the present system was put Into oj>- eratlou—the president will have de tailed warnings of it from all the storm centers long before the first mut terings find cautious utterance in the newspapers. "While it also acts as a defense against thefts by employees, tills sys tem is intended primarily to prepare, so to speak, a diary of the disposition, character, working efficiency and senti ments toward the road of the men who constitute the vast human machinery of the corporation. The feeling which culminates iu a general strike is not the result of one act alone, but a slow growth made up of many grievances, real or fancied. "To keep track of the shifting mental attitude of his employees Is the aim of this railroad president. If a certain division superintendent has made him self unpopular with his subordinates, Information to that effect comes 'by underground wire' to the central office, and the matter Is taken under advise ment. If the newest fireman on the road attempts to stir up discontent by inflammatory talk, his views soon reach the official car. Every leading spirit iu the employees' organization Is known to the president who also knows whether, Iu case of trouble, the man is to be reckoned upon as a con servative or a radical. "Sometimes this works out the man's career in a manner quite Incomprehen sible to him. For Instance, Night Watchman Hrown Is shifted without cause that lie can fathom from one di vision to another. . How should he know that rumors of trouble In that di vision have reached the presidential car and thnt he himself, being down In the president's little book as a speaker of weight and a counselor of uve methods, has been shifted over to act as unconscious agent in checking a dangerous tendency? >•«/—, ~f (be admiring coworkers of the heail of tula system that In two minutes' refcreuco to his collected funds of Information he can unroll the family history of the woman who washes the windows of car No. 41144 X and tell whether. In her estimation, he himself Is an oppressor of tho down trodden or a perfect gentleman. "Where so many Invisible lines radi ate from the same office It Is Inevitable that some of them should cross. Curi ous complicutlous result from contact between spotters as unknown to each other as they arc to those whom they watch. "Several years ago at a time of gen eral labor troubles a certain railroad got no less than live reports from Its confidential men Informing them that an employee who was several degrees higher In the secret service of tho road than any or them, had they but known It, had been making Incendiary speech es. "Tills was true. Matters bad so shaped themselves that the man ac cused bad to appear as a radical In or der to gain admittance to Inuer coun cils where the Important questions would be Anally decided. To the cha grin or I he authorities they were oblig ed to transfer him. Had they not done HO the suspicious of the men who make the reports would have been aroused. That spotters should know each other as such Is held to be highly undesira ble. There Is always the chance that they might work In conjunction Instead of acting as checks on each other." The Plliclit of Time. A masked man confronted mo with a pistol In a lonely spot ou the dark road. "Cough up your chronometer." he de manded gruffly. I fumbled for uiy 18 carat timepiece, thinking that my Inst hour was Ht hand. When I dared to look up, he bad vfinished with his plunder. Even then, such Is the Incongruity of the human mind, though rejoiced that my time hail not yet come, I regretted In my heart that It had gone. New York Sun. Profits of Ignorsnp*. "Why don't you bookstore clerks know more about books?" "Madam, we don't dare l>e Intellec tual, for customers would ask us so many <|tiestlous that we couldn't make liny sales."—Chicago Itecord. To II youth of 2(1 Middle age Is from 40 lo 45. To a young man of 40 mid dle age Is from 53 to 00.—Somervlllo Journal. Pph r of »H» fiend. Fear of the dead Is Instinctive In man. There Is no doubt about that I do not profess to be able to enter Into [lieexact reasons for thai fear; wheth er II l»e that man Instinctively recoils from contemplation of tln* fallen tem ple alone or what not. It Is sufficient that the fear exists. Neither Is tills Instinctive fear of the dead conilned lo man. I owned n horse ante that could never be driven past a dead horse. The animal exhibited all the ulcus of true fear. Fear coupled with shock can produce Insanity. I do not think that the rea son <>f a normal man would be unseat- Vd If lie were locked up alone with a corpse for many hours, though a per son with weak nerves certainly might be so affected. If n man discovered that his sweetheart hail died suddenly while alone with him, the shock might render him Insane. Even to those most familiar with death ami dead bodies there Is some thlng awe Inspiring about R corpse, and III! mail's nerves are proof against ft frliilit. I remember once, when I was iilmie lti (he dissecting room at night, the band of the subject upon which I WUi ellgllKed beCBIUO loosened. 1 did not uvi ice what hrd happened. Hud No. II donly the arm of the Subject s^ung around, and the hand struck the side of my face. Years of training In im munity from superstition vanished in the jump that 1 gave.—Dr. John D. Quackenbos In New York World. Vatchea That They Lead. "They are all alike," remarked a mna coming oui of a Woodward watchmaker's, accompanied by a lady, j "Who?" inquired his wife. "Watchmakers." "How?" "I thought other cities maybe weren't quite like our small town In the wild and wicked west, but they are and more so. 1 take my watch, which, as you know, is a fine gold one, full jewel ed, costing S3OO, in to have a few re pairs, much or little, as may be, and the boss timekeeper gives me an old battered tin watch to carry In its place that makes me ashamed to look Into the face of a reputable watch for weeks. In addition It excites suspicion in the minds of my nearest friends when they see me take it out, and if I should die with that watch on my per son In a strange country the newspa pers would say, 'Judging from the watch found on the deceased, he must have come from New Jersey.' Now, what I want to know is why don't jewelers have 'substitute watches' to match their customers'? That Is to say, let the customer's watch left for re pairs determine the kind of watch he Is to carry until he gets his own again." But his wife couldn't tell him to save her life.—Detroit Free Press. Didn't See the Joke. "It Isn't safe to be funny these days unless one labels one's Jokes," said a woman who went abroad recently. "You know, I've always rather fancied myself as a wit, and on the steamer coming home I really let myself out Everybody was a bit seasick, and I Well, even I had times when I thought I'd rather own an automobile than any kind of a yacht One day we all fore gathered on deck and talked about what we'd gone through—you know how people do on shipboard. I was talking in my cleverest vein with an English family. " 'l'm like a famous lady,' I chortled gayly. 'l'll be extremely glad to set foot on terra cotta again.' "That evening the mother of the Eng lish family took me aside. " 'My dear,' she said, 'l'm so much older than you that I am sure I may make so bold as to tell you something, and 1 want you to take It In the spirit In which It Is meant You said this morning you'd be glad to set foot on ' terra cotta again. I thought I'd just call your attention to the thing so you won't make the same mistake again. It Isn't terra cotta, it's terra firma.' Washington Post Surface Indication!. From "A Book on Dartmoor," writ ten by the Rev. S. Baring-Gould, comes a story which might have come from a less trustworthy source: The wild and romantic country of Dartmoor consists of a tableland with rugged peaks or tors and all but im passable marshes. After a dry sumine* it Is easy to nlct *vay across ui II which at other times are fall of pitfalls. At one of the latter periods a man was cautiously treading his way across one of the treacherous marshes when he saw a hut brim down ward on the sedge. lie gave It a gen tle, good humored kick In passing and airnout lumped out of his skin when a choked voice called out from beneath; "What be you a-doin to my 'at?" "Be there now a chap under'n?" ex claimed the traveler. "Ees, I reckon, and a hoss under me likewise." A Difficult Wife. An Englishman thus describe* the wife of his bosom In his will: "Heaven seems to have sent her Into the world solely to drive me out of It The strength of Samson, the genius of Homer, the prudence of Augustine, tho •kill of Fyrrhus, the patience of Job, the philosophy of Socrates, the subtlety of Haunilial, the vigilance of Hermo penes, would not suffice to subdue the perversity of her character."—Ex change. A Popalav Host. Traveler—Eh? Has this hotel chang ed hands? Clerk—Yes; the old landlord busted up; owed thousands of dollars to all the, provision dealers In the neighborhood. For every $lO he took In he spent |2O. Traveler—Too bad. too bad! He's the ; only landlord I ever met who knew bow to keep n hotel.—New York Week ly. NO DISTURBANCE. She Promised to Conduct the Affair Verr ttnletly. She was a middle agud colored wo man of muscular build, and as sho was stopped at one of tho passenger gates Iu the Union depot the other morning the official took notice that she was greatly perturbed and breath ing hard. "Madam, you seem to be overexcit ed," he said as sho chokod and gurgled and coughed. "Yes, sah, I does. I run mos" all de way from de house, an I dun fell down fo' times on de way. if I gltalght of dnt pusson, he will also bo afflicted wld oberexcltement— heaps of It" "You have something under your shawl?" he continued as his eye de titled a bulge to the garment. "Yes, sail," she replied as she re moved aud held up to view au old ax handle. "Dls am what will bring de oberexcltement In case dat pusson shows up yere." "But I can't permit any violence or disturbance, madam." "Oh, dere won't be no fussln around. De pusson I spoke of am my husband, ne's dun made up his mind to leave mo for a woman In Toledo, an I spect him yere to lake de train." "Bnt you must not disturb the peace." "No, sah uo, sah. Dtr won't be no disturbance. When I git eyes on him, 1 shall spit on my hands, grip dis handle au Jump fur him, an befo' he comes to I'll hev him homo an all tucked up In bed. No, sah, uo dis turbance, 'ccpt I wants de people to stand back so I kin git a swing to my arm when I smashes at him." M. QUAD. Ini li a Smnrt Boy. liEiJ ••now far Is New York from Albany, Johnny?" "Seven Inches and a half, ma'am. I Just measured lt."-New York Evening Journal.