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)OOOOPOOOOOOOOOOPOOOOOOOO<y |Mrs. J. E. ZIMMERMAN; \ f ANNOUNCES A FINE SHOWING OF | | J i WOMEN'S SUITS, SKIRTS, AND WAISTS < > \ I Ladies' Tailored Suits made in Zibeline, Broadcloth, Cheviots and the * ► i \ fashionable inanish mixtures and indistinct plaids, they are made with j y long skirted blouse also hip seam and straight long manish coat effects, | 0 all colors and black, priced SIO.OO to fSO 00 Skirts 12 98 up to #25.00. > A We offer a special Skirt at $5.00, made in all wool novelty cloth, a ( > regular $7.50 value. , I jC New Fall and Winter waists and waist materials —silks, flannels. ( | jf mohair, vesting*. flannelette and fleeced vestings waists. $1 00 np to $5., . y SB.OO, and #IO.OO. Waist material, 10c to SI.OO per yard. % MTt T TNFRV Y We ore showing the largest aid finest assortment of trimmed and un- , I , *" trimmed millinery in Bntler, in our cheerful, well lighted millinery | parlors. Our trimmers have returned from New York Millinery Open- i I V ings. and are prepared to serve vou and show yon all that is newest in , , * ' head wear at prices that will interest you. Hats trimmed free of charge when hat ana materials are purchased here. < > V UNDERWEAR AND BLANKETS;; j A complete assortment of Women's, Men's and Children's ribbed j £ > fleeced underwear, ribbed woolen underwear, flat woolen underwear. J . See onr specials at 25c, 39c, 50c. 75c and SI.OO per garment, beet values A we have ever shown at these popular prices. f C > All wool blanket*. $2 48 up to SIO.OO per pair. Cotton blankets, large «> J i size. 50c, 75c, SI.OO * 1 A full stock of calicoe. ginghams, muslins, sheetings, yarns and r / > flannels and unsurpassed showing of domets and outing flannels, 5c to i > J l 15c per yard. < prs. J. E. Zimmerman.i JL Hell Phone 208. 1 Oc, t \ People's Phone 128. UIJ Ct , J ci • X>QO< oo<>OOOOOOOOOOOOOOC ocxß & The Store Sj M CORDIALLY INVITES YOU TO OUR M 5 FALL MILLINERY OPENING $ $ THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY, g I SEPTEMBER 24, 25 AND 26. $ AT THE SAME TIME WE HAVE OUR £ , OPENING DISPLAY £ NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS. ft WE WILL SHOW YOU NEW THINGS AND A VARIETY £b OF THEM. THE QUALITY AND PRICES WILL REPAY YOUR COMING. j# S Co., MOTH HAH STUIT ) r%r%4 § ™rromcE E SS M I Send in Your Mail Orders. 5 OPPOSITB HOTEL ARLINGTON. BUTLBR. PA. fR §09996609000 OOOOOOOOOOOOO® w We Are Now Showing © 8 B Fall Styles 9 0 iiL In AH SortsO O Of Footwear. O O kMS jjjp We have always noticed that ° SM THE MAN 0 ■ BEHIND 0 Wk CT*\ THE PLOW JJ 8 m i3t\ dMm,t 8 « WMt# © 0 Map time looking for high-priced 0 0 footwear, but he does like Q v\ to get his money's worth. 0 0 1.25, 1.50, 2.00 and 2.50 § a That is wny yoo see buys the best wearing X oso many teams driving shoes made—for either 0 0 np to this store. man or women. § HUSELTON'S. § 0 Opposite Hotel Lowry. 0 00000000000000000000000000 1 E Merchant Tailor. Jh] H I Fall and Winter Suitings I ■ C) JUST ARRIVED. ■ ■ 142 North Main St. ■ | A Linen Opportunity! | M A lot of Fine Linens, bought for Holiday trade, are w ■ here several months ahead of time. ji u This is the best assortment of hemstiched and fine 5 G drawn WOTIC Linens we ever had and consists of Scarfs, (R Squares, Lunch Cloths, Doylies, Mexican Drawn Work, tn M Teneriffe Doylies, etc. Included in this lot are Fine Tabled ■ Linens, Napkins, Pattern Cloths, Match Setts and Towels. Uk ■ GET WISE TO THIS. 2 O; We sell Fine Linens at all seasons, so this Holiday assortment goes on Jh Mle at once, bnt at mnch less tban Holiday prices We'll chance getting VI ji more for Holiday trade. Bny now and save one-fourth to one-half. U Fine Mexican Drawn Work 121 c, 20c, 25c and np ]■ Teneriffe Doylies, #, 9 and 12 inches 25c, 50c and 65c m Hemstiched Squares 10c np TJ j# 2 yards Pattern Cloth, -*orih |2.00 at SI.OO M H yarda Pattern Cloth, worth $2.50 at $1.9» ■ Match Setts—Cloth and Napkins $4.50 np jp) Cleaning up Summer Goods at Bargain Prices.« ■ All Shirt Waists at half price. Wash Ghx>ds, half price and less. pk S NEW FALL WAISTINGS. S uf " Two qualities Fancy Vestings at 40c and 50c, are worth your atten- y K tion. Entirely new and very handsome for Fall Waists. wi IL. Stein & Son,« ft 108 N MAIN STREET, BUTLER, PA 3 THE BUTLER CITIZEN. j feed's Wine of ; Cod fciver Oil will build you up and make you strong, will give you an appetite and new life. If you feel tired and worn out try our Wine of Cod Liver Oil and find relief. It is stronger and better than pure Cod Liver Oil. Pleasant to take and is inoffensive to delicate stomachs. Indorsed and recom mended by physicians every where. The best Spring tonic to give you Health and strength. For sale only at Reed's Pharmacy Transfer Corner Main and Jefferson Sts.. i tier. Pa Do Ycu Buy Medicines? Certainly You Do. Then you want the best for the least money. That is our motto. Come and see us when in need of anything in the Drug Line and we are sure you will call again. We carry a full line of Drugs, Chemicals, Toilet Articles, etc. Purvis' Pharmacy S. Q. PURVIS, PH. Q Both Phones. 213 S. Main St. Bntler Pa. I /WAKE LIARS OF fliy CO/VIP6TITORS If they told the truth con cerning my pianos, myself, and my way of doing business I would sell all of the pianos that are sold in Butler. When a party conies to you with a story concerning my business, ask them to call at my store with yon and repeal it in my presence. I am here for business, and I am hap- Dy to say I have lots of it My patrons are my friends, I always refer to them. Ask them. I can give you a list of over 300 patrons to whom I have sold pianos since I came here four >enr» iuu. And if you will find any of tnem who will say that I have not been honorable in all my dealings with them. I will present you with a piano. Trusting to have my just share of your patronage, I am yours for business. Your credit is good at W. R. Newton's THE PIANO MAN, 317 S. Main St.. Butler. Pa. REMOVAL We have removed our Marble] and Granite shops from corner ol j Main and Clay streets to No. 208 j N. Main street, (opposite W. D. 1 Brandon's residence), where we j will be pleased to meet our j customers with figures that are ; right on "Monuments & Headstones of all kinds and are also prepared j to give best figures on Iron Fence. Flower Vases etc., as we have secured the sole agency from the Stewart Iron Works of Cincinnati, 0., for this town and vicinity. P. H. Sechler EYLE See the il|a dlrect oppotltc the PostoHlcc, Theodore Yogeley, Real Estate aid laiurance Agency, 238 S. Main St. Batler, Pa. If you have property to sell, trade, or rent or, want to buy or rent caii, write or phone me. List Mailed Upon Application L. c. WICK, DKALKB ' f LUFLBER. BUTLER, PA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1903. <^Sgn>> OMW SYRUP^p H The new tHble delicacy that every- ■ ■ body loves. A wholesome, clean. ■ ■ pure «vrup, good for every borne ■ ■ u»e. Sold In air-tight tint which 1: ■ keep Its goodnees free from dirt and ■ ■ dust, no common with common ■ ■ iyrup. 10c, 26c and 60c. At (frocer®. I H CORN PRODUCTS CO 9 Bilious? Dizzy? Headache? Pam back of your eyes? It's your liver! Use Ayer's Pills. ! Want your moustache cr beard a beautiful brown or rich black ? Use Buckingham's Oye SOeta.of druggitUorß P H»!l&Ca., N«hu».N.H Nasal CATARRH In alllu stages. "Ufl# Ely's Cream Balm v cleanses, soothes and he&la f M the diseased membrane, **'*sl It cures catarrh and drives M away a cold in the head quickly. Cream Balm is placed into the nostrils, spreads over the membrane and is absorbed. Relief is im mediate and a cure follows. It Is not drying—doea not produce sneezing. Large Size, 60 cents at Drug gists or by mail; Trial Size, 10 cents. ELY BROTHERS. 56 Warren Street, New York FOR Drugs Ffadid< & Grohman, 109 N. /Vlain Street, SUTbeR, PA. s«st Service. Prompt and Careful Attention. Four Registered Pharmacists* Prescription Worl< a Specialty. IjFW 8® IIUVV STOCK I have purchased the C. J. Harvey Pharmacy, in the Stein building, at 345 S. Main St., am remodel :ng and restocking the store. 1 have twenty-two years experience as a pharmacist, and compounding of prescriptions will be under my personal at tention. Pure drugs and honest treat ment guaranteed. When in town shopping, stop and leave your packages. J L. McKee, Pharmacist, Stein Block. S. Main St., Butler. Pa. Binding of Books Is our occupation. We put our entire time to studying the best and latest methods of doing our w >rk. It" you are thinking of h ving some work done in this line I am sure you will be well pi ,-ased if you have it done at Tfee Batler Book Bindery, W. W. A MOM, Prop. OPD Conrt Honse. P CRAMPS? DR. HARRIS' i ; CRAMP CURE, £ Rellevi-a Fain Quickly. A never failing remedy for Kvery Actio, anil Pain. Highly recommended for Cholera-Morbus and Pains in llie Stomach. ARSOI.TJTKI.Y HARMLESS. 1 A# u Liniment l>r. llarriH' Cramp Cure excel* all other*. I Prepared bj IJ. A. I AIINK.-STOCK CO. 1 Pittsburg, Pa. music Department! We have added a mnsical department —*rood innaic—good instrument* and everything that belongs to a music store. Call an:l inspect the famous Merrill Piano. One of the best high grade pianos on the market. We can sell it on easy payments. Want a Violin, Mandolin, Banjo, Guitar or Accordeon, we have them Send for onr catalogue of 10c sheet music, containing over 1000 titles, and we have them all in stock. We will get any piece of music you need, in fact we are in shape to supplv all your wants in the musical line at DOUGLASS BOOK STORK Near P. 0.. 241 S. Main St H. G. Allison, Funeral Director, Bell Phone No. 3. Bakerstown, Pa. I THEFT | j OF THE ** : : SACRED I I FIRE | * SCANLAND * CrrpvriQht, 1901, tjy J. if. SeanUuul * IN the Jemez mountains, near Al!>u querque, N. M., stand the ruins of an estufa, the only remaining "landmark" of the Jemez lnd.au village, the last chapter in the history of an extinct tribe. The site where the village stood is a forest, and the huge stone walls rising grimly amid this scene of desolation remind the visitor of feudal castles in a desert as depicted In the romances of the dark ages. Here was enacted about a generation before civilization began to spread westward a scene more realistic than perhaps any depicted in romance, with superstition as the underlying cause. It is perhaps known to even the su perficial reader that the Pueblo Indians are sun worshipers; they believe that their god. Moctezuma. dwells In the sun, and to the rising sun their prayers are repeated at mornings, and the sa cred fire la kept perpetually burning in the estufa, or church. Should this fire become extinct disaster will surely fol low—perhaps exUnction of their tribe or village. A few miles from the Jemez village was the village of the Pecos, members of the same family of Indians, also tracing their descent from the Toltecs, but living under a separate govern ment. The Pecos and the Jemez were friendly neighbors, and during a sea son of great drought the Jemez had given from their bountiful crops many measures of corn, fruit and vegetables to the Pecoe, whose crops had failed. The Pecos envied their more favored neighbors and attributed their calam ity to the evil spirit, who was domi nated by the good spirit of the Jemez. "The evil spirit came out of Diablo canyon last night and threw his spell over the priest of our sacred fire, and now It is no more! Our tribe is doomed!" said Mancos, the shaman of the Pecos, addressing the chief cacique of the tribe. "For three centuries the sacred fire has burned, most noble cacique, until the storm spirit came, and the priest whose duty it Is to keep it alive under the penalty of death fell asleep, and the evil one stole the sacred blaze," added the shaman In tones of grief. "Lead the traitor beyond the walls of the village and let the squaws kill him. He is unworthy of death at the hands of the braves," ordered the cacique. The shaman bowed, again bowed to the east and gave orders to the war captain to be executed instantly. While the drums were beating for the execution of the sentinel priest the ca cique summoned a council of the braves In the estufa. With terror stricken countenances, they met In the sacred hall. In which women are not permitted to enter under penalty of death. Here are held their most sacred dances and other rites and also the councils of war. Stone benches hewn from tlie wall extended round the council chamber, where the braves sat as stolfd and as solemn as the gloomy wulla. TUc tluruuu vjf tlio r»nolqnn faced to the east, and in front was a totem polo, on which was engraved the history of the tribe. The cacique now arose and addressed the braves. "The evil spirit has stolen away our sacred fire," said he, "and our race is doomed. The temple must again be lighted by fire from heaven, but the Great Father ts angry with his people, and It may not be so. The True Spirit loves our neighbors, and we must per- "OT7B TRIBE IS DOOMED." ish from the face of tlie earth. What shall the Pecos tribe (lo to appease tho spirit? I aui silent for an answer." "Let us ask our neighbors," suggest ed the young warrior Ked Mantle. "I myself will take the extinguished fag ots and bring back the sacred flame lighted from their Are. It came from heaven and was lighted by our great ancestors from the north, the Toltees." "Maybe the Jemez will not help us," suggested Tecolito. the medicine man. "Then we must have war," gravely replied Red Mantle. "In three days more, the first of tho new moon. Is the time I have fixed for our rabbit hunt," spoke the war cap tain. "Let us invite our neighbors, the Jemez, to Join us In the chase." The Jemez received the messengers with hospitality and accepted the Invi tation to Join in the chase. As the course lay to the south of the Jemez village and being nearer than to the Pecos vlllage, # the Pecos braves were Invited to call on the morning of the hunt and Join the Jemez in a smoke. After a two days' fast and purifica tion the Pecos formed in line on the morning of the third day and amid singing and dancing started to the vil lage of the Jemez. At sunrise they halted on the mesa to the east of the village and chanted the song of the "Babbit Hunt" This was the signal of their approach. The Jemez Issued rrom their village and Joined In tho chant as they marched forth to greet their neighbors and extend to thcin the hospitality of their village. Entering the gates, the Pecos marched to the to tem poles, where In honor of their hosts they bowed three times to the east and circled three times in a sacred dance. The women had prepared a feast for the guests, which was partaken of by the braves of both tribes, the women standing aloof In silence. "I>et the chase now begin," said the cacique of the Jemez after the feast was ended. The cacique of tie Pecos Uowetl bis willingness, and the Uraves of each tribe formed in Hne in the center of tlie plaza, each armed with a boomerang. Kach line was headed by their village cacique, who wore a headdress of ea gles' feathers, with the skin of a tiger hanging down his back, as a mark of distinction. Next in order was the s*ia rnan of each trlb«, wearing a headdress of woodpeckers' feathers. They were followed by six musicians, three from each village. Each carried half of a gourd suspended from the neck, with the convex side upward. The gou.ds were partly filled with pebbles. Each musician carried in his right hand a notched stick, which he drew ncrt>s; the edge of the gourd as be rattled the peb bles, accompanying the movement with a chant as the dance proceeded. The dance moved slowly with a sen*"ntine step, each line now facing Oie other and then countermarching and growing faster as the music became more ani mated. For a moment they stood in one position, raising the feet alternate ly, accentuating their steps with the music, and then in a dog trot or with a hlppety-hop step they danced around the inner side of the plaza and finally formed in front of the estufa, where the sacred fire was burning. A grunt of delight escaped from the I'ecos vil lagers which the Jeeuez did not seem to Interpret. The omens of the shaman were favorable." and the Jemez could not believe that their hospitality would be betrayed. At the signal of the war captain the dance ceased. The sacred cigarette was lighted by each brave Iti order to blind the rabbit, and after the smoke, during which not a word was spoken, the braves now marched to the course south of the village. Each line was separated by the width of half a mile and closed In upon each other, encom passing the game. The result of this chase was sent hack to the village by the squaws, who were eairied along for that purpose, with Instructions to prepare another feast for the guests. It was decided by the war captains to make similar closing lines from south to north, driving the game toward the village. In courtesy the Pecos were given the post nearer the Jemez vil lage. This movement was artfully sug gested by the Pecos villagers In order to more successfully carry out their treacherous designs. Gayly chanting the song of the Tl»ibhlt Hunt." the un suspecting Jemez Indians took their position on the farther side of the mesa. As they tnrned to make the closing in movement they saw to their amazement the Pecos Indians running toward their village, shouting the war cry. "Treacheryexclaimed the Jemez cacique. "The red man has betrayed his brother! Our squaws will be taken away and our papooses killed. We must now fight! No more talk!" Tlie echoes of the song of the "Rab bit Hunt" had died away and the war whoop resounded over the mesa as the fleet footed .lemer. ran toward their vil lage, now being despoiled by their neighbors. Entering the gates, they soon foiind their weapons and ran to the defense of the temple. The priest had been killed, and the Pecos had THEY CHANTED THB BONO OF THB "BABBIT HUNT." matched the burning fagots from the altar stone, and, surrounded by a guard, they were fighting their way to the gates. The young warriors and the squaws who had been left in the vil lage were bravely ffgfrttog to retain tho sacred fire, and many had been slain before the arrival of the braves. The battle was soon decided, and nearly all of the braves—perhaps 500—fell In front of the estufa. The saeraJ flame had been taken by the enemy, and the luck of battle was against them. The few remaining warriors, women and children were now prisoners, and, their hands bound with leather thongs, they were taken to Pecos. "The Great Spirit'is angry with his people since we have been so foolish as to trust the red brother," said the cacique to the remnant of his village. "Henceforth we are to be the slaves of the Pecos. Our tribe will be 110 mure. Our people will die, But the Pecos will also die at the hands of the whlto brother. I shall say no more." • •••••• For several years the Pecos prosper ed. Crops were bountiful, the chase was always successful, the streams yielded an abundance of fish and rains were plentiful. The sacred fire burned brightly In their eStufa—the cause of their blessings and "go«d luck." Grad ually their captive slaves, the remnants of their neighboring village, passed away beneath thrfr humiliation and toilsome burden. Only the aged ca cique, Zandia, remained to regret the downfall of his people and witness their declines. "What do the spirits tell you, most noble cacique?" asked the cacique of the Pecos in a taunting manner as Xan dia, cacique of tlie J»mez. was brought before him. "Why do you always pray to the sun and never to the sacred blaze In the estufa? Is not that also from heavent?" "It was, most noble cacique," bumbly replied the humiliated Zandia. "But now the True Hplrit above frowns up on that fire. He, too. weeps for the wrongs we haw suffered." "Go, soothsayer. Have anpther vision and ask your spirit tije fate of the Pe eos," said Mancos In a more tanintliiK manner. "The spirit has already told me.** re plied the grief stricken Zandia. **The evil spirit Is again In the Jf-mez moun tains. Before tomorrow's noon lie *"111 come up from the earth In a flame a thousand times larger fban our samwl flame which your people stole from the trustful Jemez. It will roll over this mesa, and your people will soon l>e no more, like the wronged jind murdered Jemez tribe. I speak the truth. I hear the angry spirit In the mountains Your sacred flame will again become extinct, and this time forever." • •••••• The afternoon had beeu oppressively hot. The sun went down in a flame of flre. The night was sultry. The hot winds from over the sandy plains only Intensified the heat and made sleep nl rnoet impossible. The night was star- THET WERE nOHTIKO THEIR WAY TO THE GATES. less, and clouds of inky blackness gath ered. couriers of the storm. I.ightniug I flashed from the heavily charged , clouds, and amid its terrific peals the 1 terror stricken people ran to the estufa. Kneeling around the sacred blaze, they began to pray to the True Spirit above. Another peal, and the wall of the es i tufa was rent asunder, and the sacred blaze oecame again extinct. The ter ror stricken, superstitious Indians ran from their now accursed temple into ! the plaza, fleeing from the wrath of the spirit whom they had offended. They were more horrified still at seeing a trail' of fire rolling down from the Je j mez mountains. j "It Is the evil spirit in his cloud of • flre. and he has come to punish our be ! trayers," grimly B uid Cacique Zandia as he poiuted to the mass of molten ! lava flowing down from the volcano, I now In eruption. The superstitious Indians still stood In the plaza, executing their sacred spirit dance, beating their breasts and singing the prayer to the True Spirit above. On came the wall of molten lava, swelled by successive waves from the volcano, until it reached the village walls, where it was stayed until other waves swelled the molten tide, when the village and Its shrieking inhabit ants were buried beneath the burning mass. A mountain of molten lava marks the spot where the estufa of the Pecos In dians stood, and it also serves as a monument to those buried beneath Its ruins. WEAK IN THE ALPHABET. to ate Letters That Men Can Never Lear I to Make. "TThy Is It that with some men some letters of the alphabet are harder to make than others and. In fact, that there are some letters that some men never learned how to make?" asked a young man who takes considerable In terest in the matter of handwriting In I the New Orleans Times-Democrat. "It Is a rather singular fact that nearly every man outside of the experts la weak on one or more of the letters in the English alphabet Sometimes the letter Involved is a capital letter; some times it Is of the smaller kind; some times It is one letter and sometimes another. In any event, you will, find few men who are exempt from the fall ing referred to. "I know of one man who In spite of the fact that he does a great deal of writing has never learned how to make a capital P. He simply makes a stag ger at it, and. as a rule, the result of his efforts will look more like a small p than like the capital P. I know an other man who can't make a small f to save his life. lie can never get the lower part of the letter below the line. He makes It look like a clubfooted b Instead of an f. There are others who, when they try to make the small b, i give It the long shank, and it looks • more like the letter f. It Is rather sin gular that these traits should hang on | to a man's writing for a lifetime, but they do It Just the same, and if you make a few inquiries among your friends and acquaintances you will find that but few of them are exempt from this fault. ' "It is very much like the habit of spelling certain words incorrectly. Many men who are rated as first class spellers pass through life without ever in a single Instance spelling certain words correctly. It Is due to habit largely. If you should ask them how to Bpell the word, they would tell you, but, when they go to write it, that is j quite different, and they will g<*t it ! wrong every time. So they know, too, how certain letters should be made, but ' they simply can't put them down on paper. It Is a curious but common fault" A E£H i'H JaCK SHIRKS. Noin Soot In Slilp* Are Said to De the U'urtl Alloat. The worst case in the way of a ship Into which Jack can go Is a Nova Sco tlan. A certain Nova Scotia ship came Into port at Santos one day with a crew that was little short of mutinous owing to the fact that the captain was too sparing of the rations. The ship had a bad name among sailors at the best, nnd as soon as "lie was anchored the entire crew cleared out. For three weeks after she hud discharged and got her new cargo she lay there with no crew to take her to sea. At last the captain went to some of tlic crimps on shore and told tliern to rouial up a crew under any pretext. The crimps sent men around the docks offering big wages to any of the loungers who would go aboard the vessel to rig some new sails. Some twenty men were quickly picked up, many of them In their shirt sleeves, and were takcu aboard. They were then covered with revolvers and rifles by the officers, and the anchor was weighed, and the Nova Scotia ship stood out to sea. her unwilling crew leaving families behind without even a chance to let them know what had happened. The next port was Sydney, and the next Yoko hama, then San Francisco, then Val paraiso, tbcivUsbon. and for those men | who stayed with tbe ship it was just two and a half years until she went to lOraude du Sul. the nearest j>ort home. Many of them, however, had cleared out and gone home In other ships long j before that.—Brougbton Urandcuburg ' in Leslie's Monthly. ySBBrS THE DUST BOARD. How to Make It and Ita Valaa la Time of Druaght. We have received a number of re quests for more definite Instructions how to make dust boards. \Ve will therefore illustrate, says Southern Cul tivator. The dust board U uot necessa rily of any precise dimensions. The size can be varied to suit the width of the rows. Take a piece of plank one inch thick and from four to six Inches wide and. say. three feet k»ng. To this fasten two pieces of iron or steel long enough to reach to the plow stock from the ground. These should then be bolt ed to the plow stock in such a manner as to press the lower edge of the board firmly against the ground when tlse plow Is being used. These pieces of iron should be so set that the dufct board will not be In the way of the plowman's feet In following the plaw. In the accompanying cut D repre sents the dust board, which is tkree feet more or less in length and six Inches more or less In breadth. A. A, are two pieces of Iron or steel fastened to D some distance apart and reaching up to the plow stock and fas- DDST BOARD ATTACHED TO HOW. tened to it by bolts, one or more, as you find necessary. These pieces may be two separate pieces or one piece up at the plow stock and split down at the dust board. They may be straight or curved, as suits your convenience, so they hold the dust board firmly against the ground as It follows the plow. The object is to have the dust board press the little clods made by the plow Into as fine soil as possible. If this ts done the capillary tubes will be so cov ered that all evaporation will be pre vented. This will keep all the moisture right where the tender roots can get it. In dry spells this often becomes a mat ter of the greatest importance. The success or failure of the crop may de pend upon this one point. Experience has shown that it pays to use the dust board on all crops in all weather when there is dust raised by the plow. As already stated, the board may be of any length. If more convenient a piece of 2 by 4 inch scantling may be used Instead of the 1 by 0 plank. The method here suggested for fastening the board to the plow stock is sot the only one that may be used. Any way will answer so as to get the dust board to press hard enough to pulverize the little clods left by the plow or harrow or cultivator. The dust board may be used with har rows or cultivators. In this case we fasten the board to the two hind teeth. It Is estimated that the dust board Is worth from $25 to SIOO to the pl#w In a dry year—that It will add that much to the crop yield. Tobacco Growlaf and Cattle. American Agriculturist points oat that during the past few years fhere has been a tremendous stride in the eastern and centrul states in the pro duction of beef cattle for market. Re cently a large cattle buyer from the west was touring the east and was much surprised at the number of beef cattle he found on farms. He Is re ported as having said: "My observa tion justifies the prediction that west ern cattle growers will have livelier competition from some of the tobacco growing sections down east thin they have ever experienced. There are now many fat cattle in that section, and there is a steady demand for stockers from that quarter. Tobacco is consid ered a gftod cash crop, and farmers can afford to feed cattle simply for the manure which they find uecessary to produce their crops. He feeds them for the production of manure largely and keeps t'ueui as long as possible before throwing them on the market "This year there are tobacco growers who never before fed a steer who have plenty of stock at this time. I found a line bunch of Herefords In Virginia. They were as fat as butter. Any im pression that there are no good cattle down In that country Is erroneous. They have plenty of tlieiu, and the oil mate for feeding is unequaled. Ivtin cnster county, l'a., has been rotking f.it beeves for more than half a cen tury. and the conditions over the entire tobacco region east of the Alieghanies ,'i equally favorable. Cattle growers of the west must take the down east farmers into account hereafter In mak ing calculations about his market stock." (ortT Crops In the Ka»t and So nth. The general custom In the eastern and southern states, where rain Is abundant. Is to keep the orchard culti vated until about the middle of the summer and then seed the ground down to some leguminous cover crop. One of the purposes of this cover crop Is to evaporate moisture from the soil and thus cause the trees to properly ripen their wood before winter comes. Hacterla and Sunltuht. Ordinary daylight Is not, as a rule, very Injurious to bacteria, but sunlight has a decidedly Injurious effect. Test experiments prove that two hours' ex posure to sunlight will kill most bac teria. SUCCESS WITH THE SILO. • Have Lar^rljr Itrplnrm High Prlcfd Hill Peed*. A Tennessee farmer says In an ex change: I would not even feed five cows for home use without a silo. If I hud only a two j'ears' lease on my farm I would build a silo at my own exjwnse rather than food for two winters on dry feed. My silos arc round stave strictures costing less than ll.fiO per ton of con tents. They have been In constant use eight years and have paid the cost eitcb yoar In the saving of feed and in creased quantity of tnllk, and they are seemingly good for eight years' steady, efficient uso. I grow the crops and mnkc the silage Ailing every year tar loss than a dollar per ton. A silage of pens and corn mixed al most entirely does nway with (he ne cessity for the purchase of high priced mill feeds. So there 1H n cliance for the thinking dairyman making money and saving money If he will only do so by grcwlng his own feeds all at home. With us now bran Is S2O per ton and not good at that, and laHt winter It sold at $24. Cotton soil meal we used to buy at $0 per ton. The oil mill trust j>ut It up last winter. No dairy- No. 38. man can afford these price* now, nor does he have to do so when he can make good silage containing almost m perfectly balanced ration of the pro tein and carbonaceous elements for tha best mil* production at $1 per ton. So well am I satisfied with the econ omy of the silo for the dairy that If I had to build every year a receptacle to contain the silage and tear it down to get at the contents, like opening an. oyster can. 1 would certainly do so. MJ, si lag* this year is excellent, a very rich) mixture of corn and peas. My cow# are doing well. I do not need either bran or oil meal, and It certainly make* me feel independent. Pat It Hp Greaa. I see a great deal of complaint about not getting to put up silage at the prop er stage, waiting for the big steam rij that had so many engagements ahead and the frost getting there first I have a good horse power and a cutter, and the very day that my crop ta ready ths work begins. It is slow, but anre, and I always get the very beat of silage by, getting It in at Just the right stage. This year, at the finish of Saturday, morning, the harvester waa running s0 nioely that I cut dfc'n more than I could haul and cut Hf that day. Fire or six wagon loads had to lie cut over Sunday, a bright, sunny day. I put that in the silo to finish filling on Mon day. usAng quite a quantity of water to wet it, but It was too dry, and I had a foot or two of white, moldy silage. So I will be careful hereafter not to cut too far ahead: My corn, the Albemarle Prolific, waa too hard for table use, had two to four ears to the stalk. The peas, the Whip poor will, were hanging full of long, ripe and half ripe pods. The harvester got them all up clean, tying in nice bundles, so that all went to the cutter and Into the silo together and well mixed. The result is an excellent and a cheap lot of feed. nave a Good Cat tar. It will pay any small dairyman with ten to twenty cows to build one or more stave silos, get a good horse power and a cutter so he will not have to wait the coming of a big steam rig when his crop is at its best stage for good silage. I have used my horse power and cutter for more than ten years for dry silage and for dry corn fodder and have found them a paying Investment I have never tried a gasoline engine; it may be better than a horse power for farm use. I have had to renew the knives on my cutter once, but It does good work yet. Alfalfa ltotea. Alfalfa prefers deep, moist and warm soils. There Is none of our forage crope that will respond more readily to a thorough preparation of the seed bed than alfal fa. Cut alfalfa that has been rained on demands the utmost care to cure prop erly, because of the tendency of the leaves to become brittle and shatter. Alfalfa should not be pastured until it has matured a good hardy crown and root system to enable it to with stand the tramping of stock. At least two years should be allowed the crop for this purpose, and even more would be conducive to a hardy crop. Alfalfa seed, being small, demand fa vorable conditions for successful germi nation. Rains following close after roll ing of the land are liable to compact the sttrface of the soil to such an ex tent as to render It a difficult matter for the young plants to push through. This condition can be remedied by bar rowing, which breaks the crust and al lows the pluuts to easily push through. Do not turn hungry or thirsty ani mals In an alfalfa field. By observing this rule and further accustoming them to It by gradually increasing their time of feeding, little or no injurious effect will accompany the pasturing of horses and hogs. Cattle are more liable to bloat, and even with the best of care and attention fatal cases will occur. Soiling cattle is the safest method of feeding them alfalfa.— Texas Experi ment Station. Sewi and IfotM. Pork rating the highest at the Cana dian experimental farm was produced on a ration of corn meal, oats, peas and barley, skimmed milk and sugar beets. The July figures for the corn acreage as given In the government report are 89,800,000 acres, a decrease of about acres as compared with last season. Recent experiments at one of the ag ricultural stations seem to Indicate the superiority of French grown celery seed over the American grown. The better quality la attributed entirely to greater care In the growth. ANIMAL ODDITIES. Birds never eat fireflies and really] seem to shun their vicinity. North American reindeer usually se lect an old doc for their leader. Tho temperature of a swallow's body, Is extraordinarily hlgL, no less than 112 degToes F. Cats and beasts of prey reflect fifty times as much light from their eyes ai human beings. The average lake trout lays 6,000 eggs each season, and the white fish greater number. The female English viper does not lay eggs. She hatches them Internally and brings forth her young alive. Parrots are usually vegetarians, though the Kea parrots of New Zea land have developed a fondness fot sheep. Garfish, sunflsh, basking sharks and dolphins all have the habit of swim* mlng with their eyes above the surface of the water. Fat Balanced It. An Irish soldier attending school, which is compulsory when starting till after an examination has taken place, had great difficulty In bringing a sum to tbe correct answer. "You are a shilling out, Magce," said the inspector, "therefore you have failed again." "Och," said Pat, taking a shilling from his pocket, "take this, and it'll make the sum right. Uurroo! Succeed ed at last!"— Spare Momenta. Weather a Dan(«rou Topic. Newltt— Well, there's one thing about the weather—lt's always a safe topic of conversation. Borroughs— I thought It was today when 1 met Lendlium, but when I started to speak of it he Bald, "Yes, It's unsettled, and that reminds me of that note of yours."—Philadelphia Press. netting l£ren. Mrs. von Blumer—We must have the Blggsbys to dinner. We owe them one. Von Blumer—Of course. We passed an awful dull evening tbere, and it is nothing more than rlglit that they should pass one here.—Brooklyn Life. Making: It "You never allow yourself to read a book until you have read a review of It? Why is that?" "Weil, I prefer to use only predicat ed mental food."