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Fort Worth gazette. [volume] (Fort Worth, Tex.) 1891-1898, July 10, 1891, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86071158/1891-07-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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Delegates to the Alliance Con
vention ToDay
IV Pros
Convention wil
II Be Strictly
Eoi e Iiitwrestlni Biographical Sketches of
1 ruiiiiienl llliaiicu Leaders MlvNew
tons Letter Will Ho Under Iuil
Swius This Afternoon
T >
i are arriving on every train A
umber < aine in last night and after
iviti1 soon engaged In friendly chat
vx manors in general and the eoin
ui ilium fliers seems to be no
iilnrt of what is to bo done
it i here is little doubt that
laace men know what theyare hero
ari wil bo rcadj to express themselves
i liimi comes Jt is understood
i mmion is a revot on the
i > ii > cratieAUiance mm against
ac ions of some Alliance ieud
iiown that the convention is
of men opposed to the
in scheme So far as the
ni tin convention loday and
vinv is cmcenied it is probabl fully
hi in lhe call published in full in The
in if wsterda and the objects ex
> i i s fniu s as the work to bo done
i memlxis who oppose tiif subtreas
ii ami other like impracticable and
neniii of finance and who do
i > 1 < iS tie efforts of certain Alliance
= o browbeat and drive the Demo
jiid indejundont thinking element of
tkieoiiier iiitn the support of those meas
who do not indorse the conduct of the
ci legislative cominittcethat assumed
prisem the Alliance at Austin before
vi legislature and made unauthorized
Ils lyfore thai body in the name of
oril r who believe that the repre
i e of 1h people are capable of
ln 2 their interests without the intcr
and espinnac of steering com
and sofeonstitutcd spies
1 mio are willing to organize for the
of defeating the bargain and agree
i liluvei to hate been entered into
the representatives of the railroads
an e Iit cui iorat > interests of this state
am i iitain Alhatn loaders and which
tmr iu i in milopinion now being car
ici mh whenb the vote and influence of
th Aiiianco are lo be ued in defeating a
fair mhI impartial trial of the railroad com
nHMii law iricorpoiated in tho coustilu
liin and pijeed ontheHtitutos mainly bythe
vote ot the agricultural classes
All w ho are in favor of preserving the
fruits of the great victory won over cor
porate power in the adoption of the railroad
commission amendment and the enactment
of lhe just wise and wholesome law there
under bythe last legislature
All who oppose fraud trickery deceit
aim i oiiupt methods within the Allianie
and who are unwilling to make the order a
tool or instrument lor furthering the polii
cal interests of any man or party
All wlni favor maintaining in their origi
nal simplicity the objects and purposes of
the Alliance leaving each member to select
the party of his choice as the medium
through which to give expression to his po
lil trill opinions
it is understood that these subjects are
those which vitally interest the majority of
the Alliance men and that the convention
in its action today and tomorrow will lie
Hie representative of the bulk of the Alli
ance men of the state
il is a noteworthy fact that the men call
ing this convention and those who it is
known will be in attendance em
brace the brainiest and most
able men of the Texas Alliance
It is also expected that IT S Hall presi
dent of Urn Missouri State Alliance and
members equally as prominent from other
stales will lie in attendance
The meeting of the convention will be in
the Chamber of Commerce hall tola and
lie convention will be organized there if
iiecessarj the citizens of Fort Worth will
lender them theusi of the opera house in
case Chamber of Commerce hall is not
1 a f e enough
The toronoon will be occupied in forming
a temporary organization and the appoint
ment of the usual committees etc and the
actual work of the convention will hardly
liegm before its reconvening at il oclock hi
the afternoon
Among the distinguished Alliance men to
arrive last night ws W S McAlcster of
Mississippi assistant state lecturer and
prominent m the national councils of the
order Hi is heart and soul in the move
ment which has erystalized into this con
vention anl will be a prominent worker on
tho floor todrj
v sirrrii or tiik oiider
its Growth ml Ilemarkabln Development
ill the Lust l T Yours
The growth and development of tho
Farmers Allictieo in the United States has
been one of the most remarkable features
of the lustorv of the decade just
closed Although the organization had
its incipieiLA in an obscure
ami isolated Texas postoftice cornels
only eleven years ago it has spread with
such rapidity and membership has accrued
with such an impetus that today its
branches are established in onehalf the
lstcsof tho Union and it has become a
iaelor of such importance m the affairs of
the nation that the proceedings of the na
liotv conclave lately held at CVala Fla
ere waulud eagerly as though tho great
1iiiaN of the country conceded to the Fariu
rs Alliance lhe balance of power between
Ie two great political parties
The name runners Alliance was first
tised in 1S7 > in Iauipasas county Texas
atnpasas county is in the midst of that
jMrt of Texas in oarlj days occupied by the
cattle kings whose herds roamed at
will over the unbroken and un
feueed prairies and when the west
vati iua h of the man with the hoe
brought the rich agricultural soil of that
section to the notice of the farmer ami
hen and there bands of wire were placed
I round patches of laud and placed under
cultivation the tattlekings were wroth
at tht intrusion of lie agricul
turists For these prairies had from time
inrrcuo ial been the undisputed domain of
the attVraiser to whom tho raising of tho
wire fence was tho deathknell for where
there aro fences it is impossible to carry on
attle herding as practiced in early
days in the West And there were fre
quent < nlliett between tho opposing
elements in the community the stockmen
defending what they believed to be their
inalienable and Godgiven rights in the
luce of state law to the contrary the fann
ers desiring only to bo allowed to pursue
their occupation in peace The cattlemen
being well organized aud operating harmoni
ously together wero ablo to harass tho
farmers a Jgreat deal for the latter
wero without influence and had
no means with which to com
bat tho forces brought against them
It was a common matter in those days for
the farmer to go forth in the morning to
find Ms stock driven off and lost
and he could never discover by
whom tho act was committed Or
he w ould find that during the night his
fence had been cut and hundreds of cattle
had overrun his farm trampling the grain
and destroying the fruits of a years labor
It was for reasons similar to these that the
stringent laws prevailing in Texas
with regard to fence cutting a crime
Jecmed of greater magnitude than
an assault on ones life were enacted
But the law was of little benefit to tho
farmer when he found his labor of a year
brought to naught in one night Something
must be done Tho farmers got together
and consulted
The result was the establishment of an
organization under the name of the Farm
ers Alliance The association was
not for aggressive purposes mereiy
for protection and as such it
commended itself to the farmers of the
neighborhood The first lodge was insti
tuted in JiT In three years the order had
gained a foothold in three adjoining coun
ties but ISTs being a year of great political
excitement in Texas the Alliance was
drawn into the majlstrom of party ambi
tions aud the result was the com
plete disruption of the association
within a year not a single ono of those Al
liances remained
A prominent and leading member of the
old Alliance was W T Baggett of Coryell
county which adjoins Lampasas The Al
liance had been a great aid to him in
fact it was his support for when
it fell through the conditions wero
such that he could not retain
his Coryell county possessions with
advantage to himself and he was forced to
leave that country He moved Westward
and in lsT settled in Parker county at a
settlement named Poolville In 1S79 Parker
county was in about the same condition as
was Ijunpasas four years earlier Tho
farmers and stockmen were at war with
earn other aud the need for
organization for self protection by the
farmers was apparent Among the relics
brought by W T Baggett from his Lam
pasas home was a copy of the old constitu
tion of the Farmers Alliance This he
showed the settlers near his new home and
it met their necessities Tho first lodge of
the Farmers Alliance was organized at
Poolville Parker county Tex July 2
1 > 7J That was the first step toward the
present national organization Among tho
original members of this lodge were tho
founder W T Baggett John W Sullivan
leorge W McKibbons J X Montgomery
1 T Reeves Jeff Woraack and others
They were all farmers living in the
neighborhood and though they had every
laitli in the efficacy of their organization as
ameans of protection against th encroach
ments of tho stockmen they little supposed
that they would survive as all those men
tioned have done to sec the seed they have
planted grow to a tree whose branches
spread from one limit of the nation to the
The Farmers Alliance labored under
difficulties from its birth Talring advantage
of tho experience gained in the annihilation
of its predecessor this organization started
out with every allusion to poli
ties stricken from its constitution
and platform of principles The
original Luiunasas platform of principles
had been burdened with commentaries and
strictures upon the state policy particu
larly with reference to the method of deal
ingWith the public domain then a leading
issue in state politics Hut these features
were eliminated when the Poolville Alli
ance was lhv t organized a decisive vote to
that oflect having been taken And so
the Farmers Alliance started on a non
partisan basis and tho organizers hoped
that under such conditions their project
would be suffered to exist without meeting
that opposition which in those days was
popularly felt toward such institutions
Aud for a time the Alliance flourished
in its small unpretentious way
The Poolvillo lodge gathered lo
its membership all the ngi iculturists in
its immediate vicinity and within a few
months a second lodge was established at
Central Parker county The farmers in
that part of Texas were mostly immigrants
from the Kastern and Northern states men
of small means and anxious to
better their condition by any
honorable means caring little
for the politics of the state to which they
were for the most part strangers aud this
alliance found favor in their eyes Soon
Hie farmers of the neighboring counties be
came iuterested and the third lodge was
established in Jack county In ISfeO ono
year after the first lodge was organized at
Poolville a slate conclave was held at
Central Parker county composed of dele
gates from twelve subAlliances Several
conferences had been held during the latter
part of 1S79 looking to he formation of a
new constitution aud ritual but this work
was not compcted until the latter part of
the ensuing year
The principles of the order are set forth
as follows these being the same as estab
lished at the first state conclave with the
exception of the second and seventh sec
tions which have been added since that
1 To labor for tho education of the agri
cultural classes in the science of economical
government in a strictly nonpartisan
To indorse the motto In things
essential unity in all things charity
il To develop a better state mentally
morally socially and financially
4 To create a better understanding for
sustaining civil officers in maintaining law
and order
5 To constantly strive to secure entire
harmony and good will among all mankind
and brotherly love among ourselves
ti To suppress personal local sectionid
and national prejudices all unhealthful
rivalry and all selfish ambition
7 The brightest jewels which it gamers
are the teals of widows and orphans and
its imperative commands are to visit
the homes where lacerated hearts are
bleeding to assuage the sufferings of a
brother or sister bury the dead care for
the widows and educate the orphans to ex
ercise charity toward offenders to con
strue words and deeds in their most
favorable light granting honesty of pur
ptise and good intentions to others and to
protect the principles of the Alliance unto
death Its laws are reison and equity its
cardinal doctrines inspire puriy of thought
aud life and its intentions are peace on
earth and good will toward men
Some of tlio Prominent 3Ieu who
Take 1art In the Convention
Anything concerning the men who aro
active in tho work of tho Fanners Alliance
is of inteicst aud more especially as they
will participate in today s convention
There are others equally as prominent who
w ill attend but as they havo not yet ar
rived a sketch of them is necessarily de
ferred They aro keen wideawake brainy
men aud this convention will have a won
derful influenco upon Texas affairs
B F Rogers is about fortythreo years
old and descended from original Scotch
Irish stock is a native of Mississippi Ho
came to Texas at an early age in 1S49 and
was reared on the frontier amid all the
hardships and privations incident to that
section prior to the late civil war Having
but meager opportunities in early life he
is not what would be called an educated
man but by dint of hard study and close
application has gained a knowledge of men
and things creditable to one of more pre
tentious learning Ho is a fanner and
ginner davoting all his time aside from
public duties to the cultivation and im
provement of his farm and home has a
lovely country seat ten miles from Pales
tine aud has often been heard to remark
Home is the sweotest place on earth
He is a member of the FarmersAlliance
and early in the history of the order took
rank with tho foremost men of the order
He was three times elected on the executive
committee and served twelve months as
state lecturer Ho has been lecturer nnd
president of his county which latter posi
tion he now holds has never sought promi
nence in the order notwithstanding ho has
filled important positions While on the
executive committee he wrote the resolu
tion asking for the resignation of Macuno
as manager of the Alliance Exchange which
resignation took effect on December 11SSS
He has been opposed to Macune and his
methods over since the whitewashing
that he fMacune received at the state Alli
ance in August 1SSS Mr Rogers Is promi
nent today as one of those who do not be
liey In the convertine of the Alliance into a
SS > s
political party or to use it as a stepping
stone to position and power or to make it
an ally of corporate power to oppress tho
very class it was intended to benefit He is
a ready debater and while conscientious
is bold and fearless in the expression of his
opinion He is a member of the present
legislature which position he has filled with
credit to himself and satisfaction to his
constituents He is a free coinage and
tariffforrevenueonly Democrat and fa
vors the abolition of national banks and
the election of United States senators by a
direct vote of the people
In response to the reporters request for
a sketch of his life Mr Smith said
I was born in the town of Arkadelphia
Arfcansaw now laugh Decern ber 161S51
attended school at that place excepting two
years during the war till I was sixteen
years of age I then entered St Johns
college at Little Rock by apK > intment of
the grand council of Masons of that state
This is a military college and is the prop
erty of Masons
Two weeks after my entrance I was ap
pointed to the office of fourth sergeant and
promoted to first sergeant before theeloseof
the term The next session I was appointed
captain of company B which position I held
for three years On account of declining
health I left college just before graduation
my stand on Latin was 10U Greek s7
mathematics 100 philosopuy JO lerman
and French SS logic 100 physiology 100
I give this gratis and went to work on the
farm where 1 continued for two years and
was completely restored to health In lb73
I joined the Grange and was soon after
made county lecturer of the Grange of
Clark my native county I have ever since
retained my connection with the Grange
believing it to be a noble institution In
October 1S751 came to Texas aud settled
near Blooming Grove and began teaching
In 1b79 I married Miss Ella Mabry I
then combined farming and teaching In
May lsS > I joined the Alliance Was
elected president of my sub and county Al
liances serving two terms in each la lsb7
at Waco I was elected vicepresident of the
State Alliance of Texas which position I
held for two terms declining a third owing
to a deejvset aversion on my part to third
terms In lSbS I had charge of the slate
lecturers bureau of the Alliance with
twelve lecturers under my charge I was
also on the editorial staff of the Southern
Mercury for twelve months or more I am
an Alliance man from principle and can
never give my consent to see the order de
graded into machine politics to further ho
objects of any man or measure In 18s my
wife died leaving me three little girls I
afterwards married Miss Mollio Wall of
Waxahaehie I have four children and live
on my farm one and onehalf miles south cf
Blooming Grove
R C Bragg who is one of the callers of
the Fort Worth Alliance convention and
who is county lecturer of the Farmers Al
liance of Fannin county also district or
ganizer is one of the most prom
inent AUiauec men in that county To the
request for a short sketch of his life he
said I was born in Sullivan county East
Tennessee in lso > In lss > my parents left
Tennessee aud settled in Missouri the same
year in what was then Benton county Mis
souri In IbOl my parents came to Texas
and settled in Red River county ten miles
north of Clarksville In ISiW we moved
back to Missouri but owing to the hot po
litical sentiments wo did not unload the
wagons but returned at once to Texas
where we settled threo miles southwest
from Bonham in Fannin county and my
parents reside there still I continuej to
live with my parents up to 1SS5 aiding my
father in the support of his family My
mother was an invalid eleven years during
all of which time I was cooker milker
washer and household maiden all put to
gether I suppose that I have received as
much as fourteen mouths schooling What
little education I have 1 gained by hard
study during leisure moments Rainy days
and after working hours by candle light
I plied my search for knowledge
Six years ago I joined the
Fanners Alliance I joined it a Demo
crat with the understanding that it would
not interfere with my religious or political
views It was pure then aud was doing a
great deal of good for the country and in
the promulgation of the principles of the
Alliance as it was then much and lasting
good will be accomplished toward the relief
of the agricultural and industrial masses of
our nation At the July meeting of our
county Alliance in lsyy I was elected
lecturer for the ensuing year was also
elected delegate to the state Alliancewhich
convened in Dallas last August At said
state meeting I was commissioned by
Evan Jones as district lecturer and organ
izer I was amemberof and participated in
the last Democratic state convention at San
Antonio In lb tO 1 was elected justice of
the peace of precinct No 1 of this county
on the Democratic ticket I am a Demo
crat always have been and ever expect to
be and am opposed to any third party I
believe that the Democratic platform em
bodies principles which if carried out will
relieve the agricultural and laboring people
of our nation and that through the Demo
cratic party lies their only hope for redress
of their grievances I believe in the pure
principles of the Alliance which originally
gave it birth but am unalterably opposed
to any measure or set of men that would
convert it into a secret political organiza
Daniel McCunningham was bom in
County Donegal North of Ireland Feb
ruary 27 1S47 His parents James and
Ellen McCunningham ar from the fine old
Irish stock that has made County Donegal
famous They were related to the ODon
alds aud McDades well known inthoXorth
of Ireland A part of the ODoiald family
were banished from Ireland by the English
government for taking part in the rebellion
headed by Robert Emmet When twelve
years of age Daniel McCunningham came
to the United States and lived for a num
ber of years with his uncle James MeDade
near Allertowu Pa He next went to
Pittsburg and served awhile at the trade of
machinist July 41570 he came to Texas
and located near Blooming Grove where
he remained until 1S75 and then removed
to Williamson county and settled on a farm
eighteen miles southeast of Taylor He
owns 709 acres of fine land and is a pros
perous farmer and stockraiser He became
a member of the Alliance in 1S2 and was
made president of the first Alliance Good
hoi > e organized in Williamson county He
was sent as a delegate to the
state Alliance in 1SSS and was elected
a member of the executive commit
tee In 1Ss9 he was reelected a member of
the committee by acclamation From ISsS
until 1S90 he served as a member of the
commissioners court of Williamson county
and m the latter year was elected to the
house of the Twentysecond legislature
from the Seventyeighth district William
son county He was a working member
and an efficient legislator and wielded a
strong influence in the committee rooms
J L Goodman was born in Early countv
Go March 20 ISj2 His parents Mathew
and Mary Goodman moved when he was
quite young first to Dale and then to Clark
county Ala where he attended the com
mon schools and secured a fair English edu
cation December 191S7S he was united
in marriage to Miss Carrie Lou Wheless in
the latter county They have six children
viz Grover Cleveland Thomas Carrington
Albert Sidney Daisy Maggie and Mary
In 1SS1 he removed to Texas with his fam
ily and his fathers family and located in
Robertson county where be still resides
and is a prosperous farmer He is a
Master Mason and a member of the
Farmers Alliance He has been county
lecturer for the Alliance in Robertson
county during the pan three years and has
represented the county organization in the
state Alliance for the past two years He
is a working Democrat since he became a
voter and in every campaign has made
speeches all over his district In 1S90 he
was elected to the Iiouse of the Twentv
second legislature from the Fortyeighth
Ssifefce aouuafcsiftarfasil i
district Robertson county and made a
record alike flattering to his constituents
and to himself He was a member of the
following committees Penitentiaries
privileges and election claims and accounts
and Federal relations
Mr Goodman is a Democrat of the purest
type believing that the issue for tariff re
form is paramount to all others favors the
free coinage of silver aud while he is an
ardent member of the Farmers Alliance he
is opposed to the subtreasury scheme
J I J100DY
One of the foremost men of the Alliance
conference is the Hon J I Moody of
Limestone county About fortytwo years
ago Mr Moody saw light in Clark county
Miss In 1S 5 he moved to Texas with his
father and has since resided mostly in
Limestone county His early educational
advantages were few but by a persistent
search after knowledge ho has become oue
of the bast informed men in the state Ho
served his county for several years Cas a
member of the commissioners court He
was elected to the Twentyfirst and Twen
tysecond legislatures both by largo major
ities In each he served with distinction
and during tho Twentysecond held impor
tant chainnaushiji as well as good iOsitions
on other committees He was ono of a sub
committee who aided in drafting the origi
nal commission bill at the last session of
the legislature He was state lecturer of
the Alliance for two years and did as much
perhaps as any other lecturer to advance
thetrue interest of the Alliance and that
too without pay For twenty j cars or more
he has been an actie member of the Ma
sonic fraternity and the Mathodist church
In 1S71 he was married to Miss E I Alli
son and has ten children and lives happily
on his farm near Mexia He is a vigorous
friend and a foeman worthy any one s steel
He is a Democrat of the strictest tyi > o and
one of the leaders of the antisubtreasury
league being the president of the Farmers
World Publishing Co publishers of the
Farmers World
w n morkow
Born in Greenville county S C May 17
1S27 his parents moved to Fayette county
Teun in 1SX5 where upon their farm he
grew up r celving such an education as the
schools of that section afforded He began
the study of medicine anil was graduated
from one of the medical college oT Mem
phis Tenn March 1 1S4S and since that
timo has been engaged in the practice of
medicine In lbW he became connected
with his alma mater as one of the profes
sors which position he held till the war in
lsfll closed the college During 1Sj23 he
he also occupied the same position in the
Worcester medical college Worcester
Mass that college holding spring sessions
and while occupying these places in medi
cal colleges he also delivered courses of
lectures in the literary institutions of
these cities
At the commencement of tho war he vol
unteered as a private and on the day of his
arrival at camp was promoted and served
as a surgeon during the war He was mar
ried in lbV > to Mrs Martha J Smith
daughter of Hon J J Hodge of Texas and
after marriage he lived on a farm in Harde
man county Tenn within a few miles of
where he was raised till the close of tho
war when in January 1SG0 he removed to
Robertson county Tex aud settled on the
land which is now his farm near where ho
now lives He lm always had his home ou
a farm and been engaged in farming When
the Grange was first organized proposing
by its organization to improve farming and
the fanner lie joined it aad has been a
member of the order aud supporter of its
principles At tho first advent of The
Farmers Alliance he joined that also and
has sicce been a member and officer in this
order and actively interested hi jts prog
ress and the welfare of the fanner When
the Aiiianco exchango was first proposed
being a member of the body that first pro
posed it he favored it but wished it organ
ized solelv as a central purchasing agency
and v hen it was perverted into a huge
credit concern based ou joint notes ho op
posed that plan and was instrumental in
keeping his suballiance from participation
and loss in this disastrous scheme When
the subtreasury was proposed seeing
nothing in the plan that would insure ro
lief and much that was very objectionable
he earnestly opposed it and was the au
thor of resolutions in his AUtanre cCndemu
ing it which were extensively published
In the inception of tho idea of the necessity
of such a meeting as that to be held at Fort
Worth he believes ho was the first to make
a public call through the press for such a
meeting In politics he is a Democrat giv
ing his first vote for Cass in 1S4S and ever
since has taken an activo part in
every campaign and has nearly all tho
while held some official position in the
organization of the party serving in Ist iO
on the presidential electoral ticket Joniug
the church in early lfe he has frequently
held official positions in ecclesiastical
bodies and has been an active worker in
nearly every sphere of church work Upon
reaching his majority he joined the two
most prominent benevolent ordres Masons
aud Odd Fellows and has been honored
with positions of honor in these bodies
In the educational enterprises of the
country he has always felt and talceii a
lively interest and given such aid as in his
power to education
His wife died in 1S84 Since then his
only surviviut child J Dixe Morrow who
had married just previous lias lived and
shares in common their home Educated
at the Agricultural and Mechanical college
of Texas he is devoting his attention
strictly to fanning ± his sketch outlines
the prominent events in a very active and
busy life
of Cade Navarro county was bom Xovem
berJl 1S07 in tho eastern part of Cooke
County Tex and he is proud that he is a
Texan His mother having departed this
life while he was an infant he was taken
to his grandfathers J J Jones of Collins
ville where ho remained until his father
Mr U D T Murray now of Talmage
Tex having remarried moved to Mon
tague where Henry remained with his
father until Sunday ni ht September IS
lbSl he with hia two brothers George T
and J S Murray of Springtown Tex left
home to attend church and never returned
for nine years they having gone to Wise
county and there begun life with complete
reliance upon their own exertions
At this tiins the subject of this sketch
was a penniless aud illiterate boy of thir
teen years but with a dint of perseverance
with a firmness that withstood all opjiosi
tion a determination that overcame all dif
ficulties and a will that surmounted every
obstacle he managed to attend school a por
tion of
his time Bv his diligent and moral
habits he soon commanded the attention
and good graces of all who knew him
He is preeminently a selfmade man and
has subordiuatedovery personal pleasure to
his intellectual advancement from his first
lesson He learned his letters in Sunday
school from Websters blueback gained
the rudiments of education in common
schools and completed it with distinction in
College Hill institute at Springtown Tex
under that educational genius Professor
John W McCracken In this as well as all
his other undertakings he has been prodig
iously successful
He has ever been an avowed and staunch
Democrat has been in Democratic county
conventions before he was twentyone and
was a conspicuous member of the last state
Democratic convention which convened at
San Antonio
He is as true as steel to to his convictions
and has the reputation of being a fine
speaker who always hits the nail on the
head and is always ready to support any
parliamentary position he takes on tany
Having thus molded for himself such a
character and it is formed of such metal as
a basic foundation that is just equitable and
honorable he moves through life ready to
defend honesty and truth and as a resolute
foe to all frauds whether committed by
the farmer or merchant the preacher or
the avowed infidel without fear of any re
In him the Farmers Alliance has ever
found a faithful and fearless friend He
was once employed by one Calvin Ratlif
who attacked the Alliance and young
Murray having defended it was discharged
However he has always opposed its connec
tion with political parties and party ques
tions as well as its business bubbles
His chief desire in life is for the success
of the Democratic party aud the Farmers
Alliance in their original promulgation and
purity In his language Let their suc
cesses be achieved only under the shield of
w maletek
is a native Misstssippian born in Madison
county December 2 i 1M > 5 on a fami was
in school two years of his life His life was
spent as a practical fanner up to two years
ago Read law in 1SS3 and was admitted to
the bar aud practiced a little out went
back to the farm In 1SSS when the Farm
ers Alliance was organized iu Mississippi
he joined it and was made organiz
ing officer for the county The follow
ing year he went into journalism
commencing on the Xew Orleans
TimesDemocrat as corresponding agent
He has had connection with the principal
Southern journals and also the Eastern
press He was elected assistant state
lecturer of the Mississippi State Alliance
on August of last year and was a delegate
to the National Farmers Alliance at Ocala
Fla and was the author of the protest
against the force bill He joined iu the
light against the subtreasury and the
third party Since the National Alliance
he returned to Mississippi aud organized
a movement against the subtreasury and
advocated the reelection of Senator
George on the autisubtreasury platform
In Apri last he published an exposure of
Macunes connection with the Georgia sen
atorial contest and continued iho fight
with Macune to the preeut aud expevU lo
till he is dethroned He has no doubt but
that the subtreasury scheme was con
ceived more for tiie formation of a third
party than for relieving t e agricultural
lie Hasnt Much Ci e fop the SunTreasury
anil Third Tarty Movement
W S McAlester oue of the lead
ers of the Alliance in Mississippi
arrived in the city yesterday af
ternoon and was seen by a Gazette
reporter in tho lobby of the Mansion
In conversation with Mr McAlester rela
tive to the Alliance movement his position
was asked on the subtreasury scheme and
the third party movement Mr McAles
ter said
I am and havi ever been an advocate of
the principles embodied in Jacksonian aud
Jeffersouian Democracy aud have
nothing in common with this
third party movement Tho subtreasuryite
aud tho third party advocates arc practi
cally the same and every dis
ciple of the subtreasury scheme
will sooner oi latter revert to the
third party Every thinkng man is
conscious to himself that there ii nothing
practicable in this movement syledthe
subtreasury scheme and every man
in the Alliance who advocates u
third party movement declares him
self a disciple of Macune the kin bee of
third piirtUsm who was shown up to be
an unconsc onble scoundrel and a corrup
tionist in the Ocala convention
It was proved there clear
and conclusively that Macune sold himself
bodily to Calhoun in the Georgia senatorial
contest For some reason he was
whitewashed in The convention am
Ins conduct parsed lijrhtly over
although the dinginess of his character was
apparent to everyone This is the
man who is the recognized leader
of the third party movement Ma
cuneism in other words The leaders
of this move are not in it for their health
Iu short they are for what there is in it
The have purloined all of their best prin
ciples from the Democratic party and there
is no feasible and tangible planl
in their platform that is not found in that
of the Democracy so it is a species of pir
acy > ince the Democrats have
been advocating these principles
for years Tho whole organization
is a motley mass of malignant matter en
gaged in a mad chase in pursuit of spoils
only and I shall oppose it in the Alliance
as long as I have breath to do so
Mr Newton of Tarrant CountyAnswers
Kvan Jones
The following correspondence is of inter
est especially iu connection with the Alli
ance convention today
San Antoxio tfx June ilS 1591
Brother Xewtoa
It is reported through the News that you
are one of the incorporators and directors
of the socalled Alliance paper that is to lie
printed at Dallas by those chronic kickers
Your name in connection with them is a sur
prise to many brethren and I am daily
asked the question if it is true or nor
Please write mo by return mail at Dublin
the relation you sustain to these fellows so
that 1 may be able to answer the inquiry of
the brethren in regard to the matter I
will start for home next Sunday and would
like to hear from you by the timo I reach
home I can not believe it unless I get it
from you direct Yours respectfully
UiiASsroRD Tkjc July 81S91
Hon Evan Jones Dublin Tex
Duau Sib axu Bnoracr Yours the 2ath
to hand and in reply permit me to say that
the hardest thing I ever tried to do was to
act on my own judgment when I conscien
tiously differ with my friends My acts
are not the result of hasty conclusions but
it is the logical deduction arrived at bv
patient investigation My conservative
course lias often been construed to mean
approval when it was only intended to
maintain peace in the Farmers Alliance I
was a member of t ae order even before it
received the appellation of Farmers Alli
ance I have ueen loyal to the order and
my dues are still paid and while I have ob
jected to many of the innovations and side
tracks laid by designing men I have acqui
esced with a regularity becoming a private
in the rear rank I seriously objected to
the war waged against the local merchants
iu the earlier days of the order I believed
then as now that they are subject to the
same ills and ought to be Otr natural allies
but the leaders said I was opposed to Alli
ance principles and feeling loyal Idesisted
and when the euergies of the order were
turned towards the gleaming star of cooi >
erative hope which culminated in a huge
state effort I objected to the absolute mer
cantMe feature preferring an agency sys
tem So persistent was I in my opjio sitiou
to our financial leader that I received the
appellation of chronic kicker aud again 1
surrendered my own judgment and hoped
that the more wide conclusions of the direc
tory would save our people and I risked all
my earthly possessions on their judgment
and the result is well known and now I
am called on to indorse a windpudding
financial policy hatched in the expansive
mind of a modern Aladdin who can rub the
mystic lamp against his fertile brain and
bring forth unintelligence out of unintelligi
bility and while you express surprise at
my being connected with those whom you
are pleased to designate as chronic kickers
I am the more surprised at my own con
tinued duplicity in permitting myself to be
goaded into silence by the insinuations of
selfconstituted leaders that I opjx > sed Al
liance principles or to be influenced by the
ghost of traitor so freely indulged in by
the men at the helm
And now my brother I am uncompro
misingly opposed to the course of the Al
liance towards Governor Hogg He was
elected on Alliance principles as I under
stand them I assisted in manning the
Mercury during the campaign and he has
done nothing worthy of the wholesale de
nunciations that he has received at the
hands of the order I am opposed to the
course of the Alliance towards the men who
were elected to represent a free constit
uency and then had the manhood to stand
on their own convictions respect their
oaths and represent their people with
out the assistance of the miniature
pp li < a
self constituted steering committee who
was resK > nsible to no man and whose skill
and ability consists in playing on the ignor
ance and arousing the prejudice of tbo peo
ple in order to secure the passage of resolu
tions whitewashing his Alliance master I
have never posed as a leader but when I see
the grand order of the Farmers Alliance
reduced from 2 > 000 enrolled loval patriots
to less than SVO0O aud half of this number
posing as leaders and the state organ re
duced to the mere shadow of it former
greatness by the injudicious lead of one
man who has forced himself up to the na
tional council only to create division iu
every orgauized state 1 have decided to
think anl act for myself
I have not changed my mind as to the re
forms needed My platform is iu opposi
tion to any and all discriminating laws
an open field and a fair fight is what the
farmers need I favor a revision of our
monetary system so as to give us a i > er
capita circulation adequate to the business
transaction of the country this to be done
by free coinage of gold nnd silver supple
mented by legal tender notes put in circula
tion by the government The government
should stop the extravagant collections
from the people and issue these notes to
pay the expense of running the govern
ment until a sufficient volume has been put
in circulation ThK revision would prac
tically stop the purchase of our lands by
alien syndicates As to transportation we
should stand by the laws passed and by
thoe whose duty it is to execute the law
and if the > eople fail by legislative act the
government should pass a general condem
nation law and condemn the roads in the
interest of the general good as the roads
now condemn the lands necessary for their
operation and run them by actual owner
shii this to be the iat resort
Hoping that this explanation will suffice
I still remain your personal and fraternal
friend E Nuwiox
TlieImljre Tell > Her > lie i out ot Oltlce
for Oooil anil tau Not
Get Itmi
Ciiicaoo Iit July 9 Jucge lilodgctt
decided the Plitebe Cousins case this morn
ing by rendering a sweeping decision
against the exsecretary of the board of
ladv managers of tho Worlds fair The
court held in short that Miss
Cousins is out nf office and out
for good and can not got back
The cn > e was decided on the exceptions
made by Miss Cousins to the answer filed to
her hill for injunction to restrain the de
fendants from ousting her from oftie The
court hold that the board of lady managers
was created by the national com
mission and received its powers
from that body These powers
extended to the executive committeo
of the board of lady managers and it had
full power o act Inasmuch as congress
had not provided for the continuous session
of the board of lady managers it could
delegate itsimwers to the committee This
committee the court held was in fact the
board itself Th court therefore denied
the injunction Miss Cousins was not in
the courtroom to listen to her defeat
A Conflict Uetween Waco ami
County OinViaN
Special to the Gazette
Waco Tex Julp P A charge was made
quite a while ago by Brandon Mills who
residos at Mart twenty miles from Waco
against one 1 I Scott a resident of
Meridian iu Bosque county A warrant for
the arrest of Scott was forwarded to the
sheriff of Bosque county who refused to
execute it claiming errors in the paper
He was more than once requested to
serve the warrant and on refusal
was fined 25 by Justice Gallagher
of Waco who issued the warrant Officers
of Bosque county are biased in favor of the
sheriff and hard ferlings have been en
gendered Thesheriff of Botquo county
I made application for a writ of habeas
corpus which has been set for Wednesday
I next and an attempt will be made to prove
that the process issued by the Waco justice
is invalid and nearly every officer of this
I county has been summoned to appear
I Judge Gallagher has isucd a warrant for
the arrest of the Bosque sheriff if he does
I not pay the fine assessed It is a case
creating considerable interest and the re
sult will be watched
Our Naval Academy
Washington July 9 The board of vis
itors to Annapolis has recommended that
the age of admission be fixed from fifteen
to eighteen years instead of to twenty that
the donation of one years sea pay to ca
dets not entering the service at the end of
six years lie repealed That cadets be ap
pointed a year in advance of entrance and
that no cadet reported deficient iu con
duct or studies shall bo retained or re
appointed to the academy or in the navy
until all other members of his class have
left the academy and served their commis
sions The board made a lengthy report ou
the subject of hazing which they say is
gradually dying out
To Kxamine tho Seal fisheries
Washington July 9 The names agreed
upon at the last cabinet meetng as the
American commissioners to examine the
seal fisheries in Behring sea are Professors
MeudenlialL superintendent of the coast
and Geodetic survey and C Hart Merriam
ornithologist of the agricultural depart
ment They will soon leave foa Alaska
Kntrance of Chlne > o Laborer
Washington July 9 Kngland has favor
ably considered the proposition of Presi
dent Harrison to prevent Chinese laborers
from entering the United States from the
British possessions Mexico however re
plies that the constitution guaKintees any
man the right to enter and leave the Repub
lic of Mexico withoufpassports
Jefferson Tumher Corapanr Affairn
Special to the Gazette
Jefferson Mafion Cointt Tei July
9 A D Banta cashier of the Citizens
bank had his leg broken last night near
the hip by his horse which jerked him down
while leading it
The Jefferson lumber company which as
signed here yesterday transferred all their
pro > eny consisting of mills lumber and
railroads to W R Cainp trustee to pro
tect their preferred creditors Thes cred
itors consist of iaborers hanks and indi
viduals and it is estimated their claims
will amount to about i > 0iKW
Another Heed of Trn t
Special to the Gazette
Linden Ca s Copntt Tri July 9 W
G Uagley filed another deed of trust for
the Jefferson lumber company early this
morning Attachments are being run
heavily by the nonpreferred creditors and
considerable excitement prevails in the
county as their businesscwas very exten
sive aud a large number of people are now
out of employment
To be Conrtmartialed
Special to the Gazette
San Antonio Tex July 9 First Lieut
W H Chatficld of the Kighteenth infantry
but temporarily attached to the Twenty
first willbe courtmartialed here on Julv
M by order of BrigGen Stanley command
ing the department It is understood that
the cause is some trouble with hi
The Commission Propounds
Some Knotty Interrogations
A Catechism Prepared and the Bo > s
Until July 15 to File Answers
Vicorons Ktrort to Show how the 111
aud City liatl VhsciI to do the Cut
toil Kiudiies oflVA untl the
YrTir and Wher rror i
towards giving an outlet to ocean trans
portation for the territory nearer the Texas
coast than to the cities ot Baltimore Phila
delphia New York and Boston
10 The people of the Western states and
territories and their commercial and politi
cal representatives are giving all the aid
they can to secure deep water harbors on
the coast of Texas and an outlet to tho sea
by way of the coast of Texas so as to be re
lieved from lhe cost of the longer railroad
haul to the Lasteru cities What can the
Texas railroads do
11 If tho rates on the shorter lines should
coutrol the rates on longer competing lines
why do not the rates from points within tho
radius from the coast of Texas coutrol the
rates on longer hauls to the Eastern cities
K What is the difference between the
rates received by Texas roads on freight
brought into Texas bv through linos aud
that received by Texas roads on freight
originating in and destined to points in
asked for a week and were
15 to frame answers
Special to the Gazette
ArsTiv Tex July 9 Yesterday Gal
veston held the floor the greater part of the
day on the question of freight rates on
coffee and sugar Today it was
again largely Galveston vs the rat
roads with cotton the chief op o
of discussion Mr Flood a rairoad
expen and coal merchant championed he
cau > e of Galveston factors and Tied to
show in a vigorous manner how tho island
city had ceased to do the cotton business of
Texas anil Xetv Orleans had got i under
the policy adopted by the railroads
Another leading feature of the conference
was the eflort of Commissioner Foster to
ascertain front the traftic men the rea
reasons why the maximum distance rate of
ss cents lor 174 miles from Houston was
A third matter of importance was the in
j terrogatorics to tin trathe men propounded
i by the commission Thev wil W found be
The ionfcrencc concluded today in order
to give the traffic men Mine o
prepare answers to he interrogate
j ries to adjourn and io meet gan Jl v
l > when the answers will be ivatlv forsub
mission to the commission
After snnn preliminary matters hail been
disposed of Chairman Krasan placed tne
following interrogatories Ivforc the traffic
men and stated that answers to them wesi
desired as a matter of help to the commis
sion They are as follows
1 What is tho average rate per ton per
mile by steamer ami sailing vessel for oi m
What is the average rate per ton per
mile tor railroad transportation in iho
1 nitcd States
What is the ocean rate of trausporia
tion per ton by steamer and sailing vessels
from New York to the coast cities of Texas
A What is the local rate per ton from the
coast cit ics of Texas lo common points in
> What is the rate per ton by rail from
New York to common points in Texas
ii What are the rates per ton by rail be
tween the coast cities of Texas to common
points iu the Indian Tenitorv Kansas and
7 What are the rates w > r ton per mile be
tween the following named points and com
mon imrats iu Texas towit St l iuis
Kansas City and Chicago
s Can merchandise lie carried as cheaply
from the coast cilies of Texas to the north
ern boundary of Texas as from Kansas
City St Louis or Chicago
J A radius of KXHl miles from New York
as a center and a radius of lOOu miles from
Galveston as a center bisect each other m
the southeastern part of Minnesota la
view of this what can Texas railroads do
iven until July
The chainnan stated that under the pres
ent system of rates commerce was
directed from the West and Southwest
to the Eastern seaboard instead of to tho
culf A correct policy ho thought was
one that would not result in a discriminat
ing rate against Eajtern roads but that
would benefit Texas roads b directing
commerce from Kansas and Nebraska to
the gulf and South making trunk lines of
Texas roads instead of foeders as they
now are for Eastern roads
The inequality of the reigning system
was the apology for the interrogatories
Kansas aud Nebraska wanted to come to
the gulf ports and if Texas could do anv
thing to aid their wishes they wished to
know it hence the questions
A committee of the traffic men chosen
by themselves will prepare the answers
Commissioner Foster catechised Mr
Smith general freight agent of the Mis
souri Kansas and Texas with reference to
the principle governing the existing traffic
system in the state The catechism wa
quite extended aud develoiwl that tin
basis of the system is a distance or inileaga
tariff from Houston 174 miles to the inter
ior for which distance the maximum rata
is ss so 70 and G > cents on first second and
third and fourth class general merchandise
Beyond the 174 mile limit the distance tariff
ceases and the blank or common point sys
tem prevails
Asked for the reason or principle upon
which that basis was fixrd Mr Smith said
that comjietition not between the roadsbut
bet ween trade centers in the interior and
the peculiar railroad conditions existing de
termined it The object was to place Waco
Dallas and Fort Worth upon
an equal footing They all had the
same freight the 174miie limit entendinu
to Abileno
Asked if the real reason why the distance
rate was not extended beyond the 171 mile
was that at that distance the maximum raw
by law had been reached and thai
an extension of the distance would resull
in a diminution of the rate to intermedi
ate jioints Mr Smith replied that sue
was not the case
Mr Newlin stated the present rates wer <
less than those allowed by law and that ii
the roads chose to do so thuy might expend
the distance to a 30O mile limit and charg <
la but that would ruin the people whi
paid the increased tariff
Both Mr Newlin and Mr Smith urgeJ
that the existing system of tariff rates wa
the best under existing conditions
Mr Hinton general freight aent of th <
Texas and Pacific stated that an extensiof
of the distance rate beyond 174 miles woul
be greatly to the disabling of the west anl
northwest trade
In reply to Commissioner Foster he ad
mined that the limiting of the distance
rates to 174 miles was the effect of the lega
requirement of the law fixing 1
maximum rate of onehalf cent a mile bu
that was not the cause or reason of th
Asked i f the mileage rate was iwt practi
cable lui said Yes if it be wisely made
if the roads did not employ their
ystem lo build up trade centers he replied
that tiny sought to build up the West
he Te tas and Pacific had no interest in a
cotton jress nor had any man connected
S3Bsjy ft 33

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