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Fort Worth gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.) 1891-1898, April 30, 1894, MAILABLE EDITION., Image 7

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86071158/1894-04-30/ed-1/seq-7/

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HiTlpleld Columbian
lbkst WJHE united
Ml Inerptlon and Cornple
to thr
lSw S eWorlds Fair n
Joffipleto and comprehensive
u Sasto bo Interesting alike
W the flnt of Mayone jeer to
ISXrU Columbian Exposition
K Intimate successor the
SC t Jackson Tark will
will bo the largest mu
< StJ Btatesgreatercten than
TrifdilTetlng ° r comparison Is
f BSl abU 2000000 to
JhTsSlwHoft It such ft thins a
rtlt Ii bowd cost JC70000 The
JrJdl bo a revelation to those who
to the
H Wlttr they were ilsltors
Eli not ttmMrwMan
Stoto a who aaw tho fair of howllttle
Kiobwrwdot the part of tho great
ST UlthoMwho failed for any reason
Setrilptmaga to Chicago hist summer
tTiblito tboy would haieoth
S nlwd and at the same time boo a oo
UftictuhlWUrlTidllnB many anexposl
n Cblambtu Museum wan the happy
tLfat of Mr James W Scott A low
worathaelose ot the grout expost
7be wiweived the Idea of perpetuating
teAaycr the Wr bj furnishing Chicago
l rowentinuwumwhloh should con
kiioastf the most interesting and most
Soldi exhibits A committee was formed
at fooli were opened for subscriptions
SaniUiemenct Chicago rose to the occa
do under audi clrcmn
osm Unbolt Iteld was tho flrt to
lUi lw egilt He > n nted tho trustcea
inlDlon dollars for the use of themu
kisWeoaiiltlon that another million bo
eritwl Muh of this waa socured by
l rfitocklathe Wondf Columbian Ex
ten cents
itton Those value la about on
Ur TMsfumlshe la fund amply suf
> nt to secure the collection under tho
rtL ttaJiUoos existing of a fine mu
a ml lti maintenance
J bus Important th t a suitablo person be
totals chargo of the work of securing
jalelaulrylag exhibits A wlso choice was
t sta the sdtrtlon of F JV bkiff who
w rttfer or the department of Mines and
dngdorloif the fair d who had tutted as
wtorgeneral when Colonel Cleorgo II Da
rfeUil Uea unable to serve in that capacity
Mmr Skiff supplements the flue all
WU ttlljlpment of tho trained newspaper
exofUtlTn ability of the first
rti aa
0nUtlj mi ntowhomDtroctorOen
W lUrii confided tho task of organizing
no one distinguished
EtlmrtaunU d < partment of Minos
iltRwashis t tlon and had thero
MtbUHtuiwiiWackfon Park last year
uvUKjs who gave tho Mining building
station It deserved w ould have been
bDtoorttuo museum is the FlnoArta
nfcwhtoa was unanimously otod by
to UUio architectural gom of tho
r Jort bl WJ readers haTe seen it or
w a rh of it and it is therefore unneces
JTI forms to give it tho detailod doscrlp
ahlchitwouldotlerwlw doseno Tho
J Usitaatedontho uorUiern bank of
SooD li wa8 uesIBnwl by c v <
h j
JJM WBfl i8nor of the construction
Wrtoient of tba Columblaa Exposition and
JOtrery reip et worthy of being the de
PjMjwt tha valuable collection within IU
J who visit iho museum now are
SfT PW y wltU which the
KJ Weonstructlon upon it has boon
JM reryroommen haQ been at
ujw w h and each room is full of
Wmoitotwhlchaw already In pUee
JJiST bonor tn th9 centro ot tll ° w
2 V6 < all < d Ul8 Exposition Memorial
ftLA re baracteflstle aomenirsot
hLfIr W1 ct xm tU8 cntrttl oljjeot
g famous fit Qaudens statue of Co
J alch reprewnts tho groat discover
iitt J 1 w onwl interest is prob
lti T ° r Uc ot theworidlluder
SSr thrw oon > to tho left of the
LS ° nhniatnfloor aier0ftro
Wr th tBMurei coUected by the
tCwfS ° l rtmeat of the exposi
tdll l nhoini ln reproduction
wSlulIUlUbW raesimllesaw
0 0I wchfewreUcsaaarenot
3iS5 ° fginM Th9 Vatloani won
V7l preserved tn IU entirety
ftkUdnrT pUon ct two maps even the
t mosaic being iacluded
MaMhI1 Geftra thousand pictures
4 fffiSr10 fcrtI l iUuitratlng
uniSV c < lui ° buifwlth relics of
itritiirerdlnnd and Isabella and of
w SStut reUtln sto y
a iuZ rhw ° r C tor Mill
WtaTiJJ01 te lPlte of iu u
ifTwrt01 0M destined to bo th
tiw W y orostrydls
X u7tMT tt Untt ° d SUtcs Espe
olii rUnAin rtoa peelmwiii
ovimrni rUal be most com
jb4ob2 Ltisclalniltbat evenKew
senuT Thiscollefl
C 5VthftWorUiFalr Under
atht TM Smith a ooLectlon was made
UVsaoI elllcl w < 1 mtUiod of con
TatofcTlfi wrU has never
H bee > PMserved In
chsiM cf theB lu Ohiaiid
Ohio Hallways historical exhibit li the dree
tor of the Hallway Museum He will show
the evolution development and progress of
railroading In overy country whore a steam
whistle has oen heard It will be done In
object lessons Intelligible to the general pub
lic but especially raluablo to those who are
In the railroad business from the track
waller or brakeman to the presldont and
stockholder Major Fangborn claims It will
make Chicago which is now the railway
centre of tho world the Mecca ot railroad
men the world over Insure Its preeminence
as a railway centre for a century to como
and roako It tho seat of authority Jn railway
matters There Is no oilier railway museum
anywhere In spite of tho fact that tho railway
interest Is the Urgcet In the world One
tenth of tho labor employed in America ts on
the Ayrolls ot the railway companies and
another tenth on the parolls ot the manu
facturers and producers of articles used only
or chiefly by railways
A feature which Major IMugborn regards
as one ot the highest Importance to railway
men Is that a shop In which alt kinds of new
railway appliances and Inventions will bo
tosted as they coma along and when the
museums stamp is put upon a thing it will
mean that It has passed n test backed by
such knowledgo and facilities that nothing
more can be said In tho same way there
will bo a laboratory for testing metals for use
in construction and tho result of all experi
ments In all departments will be printed In
reports and disseminated among tboso Inter
ested Thero wilt also bo a halt soaUog
throoorfour hundred people which will be
used for meetings of practical railway men
At all tlmos the whola museum will be acces
sible to railway emploees who desire to
know causes where they now know effects
Once in possession of these object lessons
an engine drhor will no longer bo a mero
machine Ho will see beforo him the foro
manshlp ot a roundhouse tho foremanshlp
of a shop a superintendency of motlvo
power The U os ot passengers will be
safor and the property of shippers will bo
transported with less danger ot Impairment
or destruction
In the marine transportation department
aro shown boats of nil nations Ot tho world
with originals or models There is a com
plete history of the development of tho ship
Beginning with the rait there Is tho blmba of
Africa tho straw boats of South America tho
dugouts and canoes of the American Indians
to tho boarded boats with sails From this
It is but a step although a lng ono to tho
modern steamship This evolution is de
pleted by a penes ot models Tho caravels
and viking ships occupy places of honor
The department of land transportation show s
all methods of human carriage and all the
animals ot transportation from tho goat and
donkey to tho camel and tho elephant There
are sedan chairs Jlnrlckshas yolanthes and
other queer vehicles as well as those used In
this country today
The tthnologlcat Museum It on the east
side of the building The habits and customs
of ancient nnd modern racos are hero Illus
trated by specimens ot their implements
clothing and utensils Trom Nubia New
Zealand and tho Congo basins corny the huts
shields saddles nnd toj B which seem stMnge
to us In tho Asiatic collection are Ja anese
marionettes musical Instruments a pagoda
and many other odd things which were
shown on the Mldwaj The Siberian group
Is very complete From the Boulh Sea
Islands tho museum has somO flno specimens
devoted to this collection
a w hole room being
which Is tho best of Its kind in tho world
Xew Caledonia and New Hebrides contribute
mummies carvings and stone axes
The department Of North American arch
eology contains many Important collections
Messrs Vlman of Chicago and Xlazou ot Wis
consin havo made liberal gifts There are
over 100000 specimens in this department
Vrohlstorle America Is well represented The
glacial period is Illustrated by several ethno
logical eollootlons mainly from the Ohio val
ley These specimens were dug out of tho
ground and Include Implements and utensils
used in remote periods The archeology of
Delaware Is shown tn great detail and that
representing California is admittedly tho best
in tho world Much space Is devoted to
Ass > rla llabjlon and South America respect
ie1y Thero are full size South American
figures showing the costumes of the natives
and tho llritish Guiana and Venezuela groups
are noteworthy for their detail
President Ajers collection of pottery Is In
teresting These are showm ot all the early
racos which inhabited this continent lie
has also contributed rich specimens of bead
work and California basket work The
Alaskan Esfpulmaux collection it one of the
i i TirrTTrrT
bat mown tbo i > aUU ot tlili raw bolnj
rly KM to the pre nt d y
UnunallmtBOt araMtar loutcoDMOl
which ItfW a rld porlU
> b eipoton
mtotMUglon U Ui monogwphto exhi
m <
bit ot KlIgtoM Her
tlonal oufm ot th world Thro r
and cUa
Horool Idea Irom
TheoollcUo1 ot article rtlaUng to Bodd
hlra 1 iwirlabe tor 1U comr > ° toMl
loruvtau othnologr
mammle ot ram and
there bolns meny
I rw °
womefc who died betor
Cortoaod atexcellent P JJ
gold and llrer ornament
ok ieal Moeeum ha on > lleetion
Jt 1 the exhibit
hai not It Uto anywhere
ot Yucatan rulni
In the oologloalaectlon which ooMplM
Ten pome ar shown all ormji oi > lWe
th animal M
Mofct t them are
pruned W rexidermy or bMpW
model or plaeter eab >
glint m xlald abl enttleflah twenty >
TbeoUKtioaotLhlower form ot waul
at sponges ademonoa star fish and sea ferns
Is very rich at is tht of reptiles Of eourso
theta are alo mammalia and all other ani
mals an 1 birds Almost all aro natural casts
being made only when the originals could not
be obtained
Awholo room devoted to meteorites lias
on Its walls maps showing tho distribution
In tho United Btates of all tho masses that
havo fallen fronfc the heavens to the eutli
The Urgent single aerollto liero is from Iowa
and weighs ten pounds A specimen ot the
only meteorite in which mlcrosooplo dia
monds have been found It shown It waa
brought from the Canon Diablo In Arizona
This canon Is fatal toallblrdtor animals who
I > ass over it and Is regarded with great dread
by thalndlaDi
The systematic mlneraloglcal collection
comprises 4000 specimens arranged accord
ing to Dana Fourteen rooms are devoted to
economic geology and metalurgy Specimens
of all known atone building material are ex
hibited In tho technleal coat exhibit is the
big map which wal < In the Mining building
showing the distribution of coal areas in this
country There are alto spocliuens ot all
kinds of coal from peat to anthracite
The museum has many large specimens ot
Ores w htcb are valuable because they serve to
give visitors an Idea ot the extent of mlnoral
clns There is a hundredj > ound chunk of
coal a mass of tlno ore from Arkansas
weighing nine tons the largest known and a
fourton piece of nickel ore Mino al ores
their metalurgy and the final application of
each metal are shown
One ot the most thorough exhibits In the
section of Industrial arts is that relating to
textllos which shows the development of
wot en goods from tho fibre to tho fabric
Prominent Is a loom ued In this country In
the year 19M Miscellaneous Inventions oc
cupy one room Hero Is a Turkish Are
extinguisher worked by hand handpumps
Corean handcannon and curious firearms
All ot the relics which were on the whaling
ship Progress aro exhibited in one room The
method of rapturing a w halo It illustrated by
several figure and a boat Harpoons lances
and other Implements used In tho capture of
the monarch of the deep It Is not generally
known that whales havo tooth butthorearo
numerous specimens ot tho tooth of tho sperm
whale One of tho most curious objects is tho
skeleton ot a seaserpent sixloet long which
Is said to bae boon captured oft the coast of
The section ot animal Industry shows
among other things leather made from the
skin ot pretty much everything that can be
fUjed Including snakes The quoer uses to
which leather may bo put aro shown such as
a fire hose and bottles Into which It they
wore old the Bltle sa > new wine must not
bo put
Beginning at the west entrance ot the build
ing extending across tho long hall to theeast
Is a series ot trophies from tho fair illustrat
ing the progress ot the world First Is tho
earth itself represented by a terra oolia pa
vilion then a cast of a whale Illustrating
fishes and a mamnicU for animal life A
group ot American Indians hunting buffalo
stands for the aborigines and Indian canoes
show early navigation while the Duke of
Venices gondola that ot a later day Me
chanics Is typified by an enormous pulley
metalurgy byacopporllguroot A ulcan whllo
two looomoth os represent moth e pow er
A feature which shows the sclentltlo value
of the museum is the library alroady contain
ing 10000 volumes principally scientific and
Industrial work It Is intended for reference
and for the use ot tho officers of tho museum
It Iflln charge ot Recorder Burchard under
whose direction the guide and any roports
Issued will bo prepared and published
There Is a reading room for tho uso of tho
pubUflandalocturo hall In which addresses
will be mado upon scientific subjects
The museum Is In charge of fifteen trustees
among whom aro tome of Chicagos foremost
men Edward E Aer tho wellknown collec
tor ot North American ethnology who gate
his 75000collection to the museum Is presi
dent Martin E Itjorson vicepresident j
Bjron 1m Smith treasurer and Ilalph Mot
calf secretary President H N Hlggln
bothamot tho Worlds Fair Is chairman ot
tho executive committee
Mr Skiff lias been fortunate In his selection
of a selenUfio staff Major J l Fangborn
of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Is direc
tor ot tho Railway Museum Dr Krana Boas
who waa Professor Tutnams chief assistant
Is nctlng dlroctor of anUirojwlogy nnd Dr
West curator of ethnology Dr J E Wat
kins who was In charge cf the Peunsyhanla
exhibit Is directorot industrial aits Among
the curators are Dr Mlllspaugh botany 0
O Tarrington mineralogy HeiLes oco
nomlo oology and Baker xoology Edward
L Burchard Is recorder and librarian and
John B Goodman superintendent ot the
1 Moses P UiXDT
A Story of Foxey de Kid a
New York Bootblack
Ills many acquaintances ot tho same call
ing called hlra Foxey do Kid Foxey
perhaps because his hair was Inollnod to be
rod and de Kid on account ot hU being so
very small and chlidlllo Tho childs truo
name waa Jamos Lester and at this time he
was about ten jear ot age though h did
not look moro than sown or eight HI
mother ha > ns cited when ho was an Intent
and having no recollection ot Ills tlthor he
adopted tho soubriquet ot tho streets and
spoko ot hlmselt as did hisassociates
An old woman named Koberts w ho claimed
to be the boys godmother and who took la
washing and did chores wheuever she was
sober oxerclsod a sort ot guardianship over
him Apart Irom her tailing Mrs lloberts
was very kindhearted mendoJ the boys
rags and gave him a corner In her wretched
Klvington street room to liro in and now
and then she divided with him her strong tea
and bread andbutlerand Eights when lb
boy was cold ho Insisted on sharing with
him hor gin
Foxeyde Kid began soiling ps as soon
as he oould cuunt pennies and was abletp
shout the word axtree in bis shrill childish
In tho summer season he seldoai
went to tho Wvlngton street room but would
quietly sleep In Ui City Hell park under the
It drren Iron there ty the rata and
trees or
th raw wlndh would crawl Into a doorway
or steal over tho Iron railings through which
came the heat Irom the pressrooms of th
iwipors be sold and thero cuddled up UL a
log unmlndtul ot tho pounding ot the en
rfn s and throar ot the voices below he
would Bleep th sleep ot th Innocent U not
vhVnabout nine years ot ag > ending that
Mrs ltobfrtswas mating Inroad onhls llttl
capital ot pennies on which he depended for
thomirchiw ot papers and o eandjrlcne
andbanauta whlVhebought at odd hours
and became a
near her
ho em np going
Mtwt arab without home I rsnts or
r That thboywa naturally shrewd may b
Interred Irom the tact that by th Urn b
was ten be discovered that ho needed mor
3 be and better food and that to get thaw
IhtagVho murt have mor 2
inching eoonoray that
inor work By I
boon pAtseworthy to on moch
wouUI bav
Sder he aavedenooghto buy blackleg out
StSd when this hi Into hi jossesslou
he felt himself to be as rich as any tapltaUt
the city
Brighteyed cheery and alert waa Fcxey
da Kid despite all his dlMdrtntagos and al
midday when the domaud tor tha tuttrntng
papers wa goon and tho arternoon t i > eni
ere not jtt out ho Dew tack aud forth
through the City Hail park acauning tho
feet rather than tho faces of the men he met
and shouting Suln T shine sir Only a
One day Toxeyde Kid thus saluted a tall
mnu with a heavy mustache an l a bronuxl
faoe who halted and lookod down on the
child as QulIUer did ou the Lilliputians
thonbo exclaimed
Bloss my sout child I who are your
The reply was
lam VoxeydoKld sir Rhine Only five
And thereupon he unslunghla kit and tak
ing tho goodnatured oxpreftSoii of tho man
tor a oonsent he tkgan to black his already
wellpolished boots
All right young one this Is tho third
time boots hav txn
today that my e blacked
but go ahead And the man laughed and
lit a cigar
After the
talk waa completed the Btranger
r w the child to nne side and handing him
a dime Instead jot the proposed nickel ho
learned from him the little bo knew about
himself Among the things told by the child
was the nam and residence of Mrs Huberts
It you meet me how tomorrow my lad
at this hour 1 will give you auother Job on
my boots at the same prtoe sa1d the man
to whtch agreement the boy readily assented
On the following day true to his promise
the tall man appoarctUn tho same place at
the same hour and addressed the boy not as
Foxey da Kid but as James Lester
whereat the youngster was much surprised
Instead OI halng his hoots blAcktd tho
tall man reached dow n and taking tho child s
hand led him to one ot the neighboring
benches and mado him sit down beside him
while ho spoke as follows
MyboyIthe away out In the far west Ina
plaoe calliHl Dakota of which I am sure yon
never heard Fowy do Kid shook his head
and compressed his 11 pa to Indicate his < ntiro
Ignorance and tho man continued l am
not poor and pecDlo call me rich Twoycara
ago I had a little boy who died but his
iaiags has been alwajs In my hwrtand wh < n
I saw you hero jesterdav jou reminded mo
so much of the dead child that my heart rose
to my mouth Now I shall not call you
I oxey do Kid for your true namo I learn ts
James Lester and strangely enough my
bosnnme wasJomos too James Uwlfrey
but we alwajs called him Jimmy and that
Is what 1 shall call you
All rlRht bos r said Toxey do Kid who
had no objection to tho irnmo ho was called
so that bo found It profitable
The tall man placed lite arm about the
childs neck spoko of his western home and
asked If he would bo willing to go with him
there whero he would have a good home
plenty of food and a pony to tide and more
than all love Ot lo o the child knew noth
ing but he bad a ery dour idea of the other
lnduituuents and so readily oonseuUvd
Within two da > s Jnmei Lester entirely
disguised bv a thorough washing and a com
plete suit of wellfitting clothes wMwhllllng
with the tall
westward on tho cars stranger
Kvery Christmas after this old Mrs ltob
erts received as it present a check from the
west signed by James Godfrey and a letter
aecoratMinying it from your friend James
Godfrey alias Foxey U Kid
And In his Dakota home Foxey do Rid
has grown into a splendid youug man tall
as his foster father and honored and loved
by all who know him And alt Oils came
about through a Chance Acquatntanoe
Nelson Iuobih
Te t of rndeetile
At a rocent goi eminent trial ot projectile
at Indlau Head half ton mlnslle were fired
from tha 13 inch gun The target was a 12
Inch nickel slenl plate and two shells went
entirely through it one of thorn breaking to
piece and the other remaining intact after It
had cleared the plato The Carpenter aboil
was unhurt by the operation t > f rushing its
half ton mass through a foot ot solid steel
Tho 17lnch armor for the battle ships is jet
to be tented
M Jauloehltotr
A dispatch Irom M Mersbiirg stales that
M Iaul Jablochkolt died April 6 at ir
M Jablochotr who was an affleer In tho ltus
slan army Invented In 1S78 onool the earliest
successful flcotrio lights lhe invention
which was known as the Jablochoft candle
attracted groat attention at that time and In
1877itwasused qullo extensively tn Tarlfl
for lighting stores and strouls but has since
been supercoed by the more ooonomlcal aro
light In brief the Invention consisted In
placing two carbon pencils side by side In
sulated troni each other by some subetauce
which la nonconducting at ordinary temier
atures hut which will when tueod by the in
tense heat of tho current beoomo a conductor
of electricity Tho substanoo usually used
was plaster ot TorU which gives a taint rose
color to the light
> ew Allnnllo Cable
A new telegraph cnblo Is now bolng laid
from Watorvllio Ireland to Nova Scotia
The entire cable will I about 5000 miles
long Tho rnraday not being largo enough
to carry the wholo cablo will drop tho shore
sections about 500 miles first and then lay
th deop sea cable whloh Is smaller than the
shore ends The cable Is guaranteed to af
ford 33 13 percent Improvement In speed
ovor the other cabos In uso by tho Commer
cial Company
This will losoro transmission at the rata
et thirty words per minute The cablo is
much larger than any ocean cable hlthorto
mado Tho Nova Bcotla end lias liecn pro
vided with additional protetlng armor to
prevont Its bolng brokou by the anchors of
ilahlng vessels
Daughter Mamma aro divorces very ex
Holier Why do on ask Husanr
Daughter I am thinking about accepting
Mr Footllgbr
Ono hundred year ago the fashion for
women wss to wear transparent textiles and
to such an extreme was this carried that
women were mobbed In tho strouta of Taris
tor indecont exposure In some Instancos
tha covering was but a pretext and hardly as
Practical as the wardrole ot the lady who
Jocosely declared she woro nothing In 1 lortda
but barrelhoops and a mosquitobar
Lov Is a wclld Ilned and ravaging disease
but llko other maladies it has Its antidotes
Tho old school remedies of reason and fordo
efficacious but an
are no longer regarded as
allopathlo dose of famllurity I considered a
good curative Tills however is usually
taken after th patient demUe 1 after
A leaning dilapidated atone tells that
Captain Lake was rfldlcusly slain by
the Indians at Kenneheck In ICTSth oldest
stone In the yard writes a young lady who
has been Indulging a ghoulleh propensity In
Boston cemeteries Two hanJrod years Is a
long time to keep In reservation for a d >
lunot body even a small pleea of round of
a populous community Captain Lake has
been dead long enoujh to mow ou and
give some lvk corps a show
The American pros seem to take It tor
granted that Honor Castollar has renounced
bis lifelong republicanism and besom a
moderate xuonareblst Bonor CnaWlar who
should know Mthtog about this hlmselt
emphatlcatlytlwilesanyehanga but he Is at
n art and In prlneljNd today as h a when
ha first thrilled the Spanish Corttt with his
splendid loquipoee
An Old Character Dressed
With n New Name
from Noted Had Men Wto ave lllrd
M llli Their Hants mi1 ho fftrrcr of
Mild llllt nnd BenTIionni un
lint llastrrson nnd 1 Long
lj t of Mrtlnu
There Is a general Imprr lon particularly
In Uioeast thatlhe lawless frontiersman Is
a comparatively recent addition to our crim
inal classes ThU It a mistake Everalnoo
we hte had a frontier ever since there bat
boea any part of our country to sparsely
settled as to be practically out ot the resxh
or control ot officers ot the law we have had
this element w linns but Its typos have va
rld with tho improvement tn firearms and
the nations general advance
H Is a mistake to suppose that the lawless
desperado is a peculiar troductof the tar
west Ho Is found In greater numbers in
tbo settled Arts of he south and wott than
In the mining camps and paitura lands ot the
west As a matter of fact we have ho fron
tier at thU time and have had nonoaluco
tho transcontinental railroads brought tha
uear oast and tho far west within alx days ot
each other The pooplo ot the southern
mountains and ot western Texas are not
naturally more vicious than those ot other
parts ot our country j but living in sparsely
settled communities wboro schoolhomes
are Impossible whero roads aro ruts where
agriculture Is practiced In tn its most primi
tive form and whero the word law it an
echo and itsjuthorlty u shadow men haw
kept up tho barbarous custom t t carrying
firearms There aro rtsof tbo south and
south est today where menregsrd the knife
and rovohcr as much articles ot dress as
their hats and boots more so indocd tor
thero are seasons when a man might tr > l
wllh safety without boots but he would
hardly think It h althy to do so without his
customary rlatot
Hlueo the revolutionary days the peoplo
who settled along the Appalachian rango par
tlcularly In the Southorn slate states have
l > oon distinguished for their lawlessness It
Is only tho other day that tho country was
horrified by the recital ot th llatfleldMcOny
feud when scarcely a month went by without
tho recital of a murder It was so with the
Hatfloldluruer feud in Kentucky where
Judge were murdtred on the l uicb and
sheriffs were made targets by tho men they
tried to arrest Tbeao mountain desperadoes
were so strong as to tot tho authority of
governors at defiance and the story of tholr
barbarities presents a record as cruel and
brutal as anything recited in the most lurid
history of I ndlan massacres A tu country
becomes more settled schools will l estab
Ilshed and law and order will take tho place
of Uat vlolonoo which basso long distin
guished the sparsely settled portions ot tho
south and west
Tho wewtern bad man la therefore not a
now character but an old character under a
new name who finds tbo methods of mur
der modified by bis environment A quarter
ot a century ago or Immediately after tho
war tho western desperado who was in
variably a gambler and at times a fighter
was physloally at leaBt a most picturesque
character William Haycock or Wlldnill
as be doUghted to be oolled was a fine type
of this class White oonnocted with the gov
eminent mmoy in 1SC71 met this man at
1 1812011 BIB M1H
Fort Itiley Kansas whero ho was then em
ployed as an Indian scout Ho was a most
striking looking man and at this tlmo was
I think about twentyseven jours ot ej
Ho was dressed in a fsncltul buckskin suit
with the regulation string edges and waa
over six feot In hcljhth straight as an In
dian with long dark hair dark eyes and
easy tlgorliko movement which denoted
great strength and activity Wild was
regarded favorably by the omccra of the
tort who believed him to Iw a brave law
abiding oltlsen but at Iho samo tlmo one of
the best horsemen and Hllo shots to I found
along the frontier Women whiskey and
faro proved the ruin of Wild 11111 Ho drifted
out of the government sen Ice became a gam
bler and d < perad a bad western man
In fact and dloil with bis boots on In th
Black Hills
It Is a furious fact that no men who have
become conspicuous on the frontier and Jn
the mining camp as outlaws and desper
adoes aro natives ot Sew tngland Iudood
wOnd mora Irish French aerruana and
even englishmen amongst this outlaw class
than w do ot Now Lnglandsrs As might
be exl ctod a msjorlty of hern com from
the southern atid westtrn stales where from
thlldhool they have been accustomed to car
rying Orcarms and whose early training
made them mero familiar with targets than
with school looks In tb early 7ls there
was no man better known In Texas and along
the 111 Orando as far as Colorado than
John Wostley Harding Harding was a na
tive of Kentucky and drilled to the South
west while sUU a young man A gambler by
instlnot be beraun a murderer by profession
He Ulled men on th lightest t revocation
and without any provocation at all In iho
most wsntonand bloodthirsty way Like
nost of his clsas Harding was a oorard at
hoart and nv r drew bis pistol ou man
unless h had him at Lis mercy Indict
menu for murder war out against him in
all Uie counties of the IronUrs and to escnpe
he went to Florida II was captured and
taken to Comaheb County Texas tried tor
murder sod sentenced to Btteon yoars in the
penitentiary Had he stolen twentythree
horses Instead ot killing twentythrw men
the chanoe ar that li would have boon
lynched before even being brought to triul
but It most U remembered this wsr in
Texas Btratig as it rasy seem an effort is
now beum made to have this man pardoned
and It Is said that It ha Is over released ho
will get sven with the men who were aotlvo
In his capture and trial
A new mining camp eeoms to have a pwru
fiar attraction for men ot this olas i soon
as tha discover > Wa Colorado were
mad knowii the gamblers and desperadoes
were to evldenco quit as soon as tho honest
and Industrious miners It should bo known
that those gvntry delight In the namo ot
sports and he an antipathy to bolng
called gamblers while to Intimate to one ot
them that ha was a luurdiror would be suro
to result la hi killing th lnsuKor to prove
that he was sot Prominent among tha des
perudoea who flocked to Creed tn its early
da was a Kentuuklon who In his Wn
state bore ths name ot Charles L Creek but
who owing to his having had his features
badly carved up by a bowto knlta and his noso
lashed out ot shape came to bo known as
Broken Nose Creek Curiously enough
Kentucky bat furnished more ot these out
laws tbau all of tho other states put to
gether Creek served In the Vnlon army
during tha war and unlike most tt tho men
In his natht state was a rampaht Repub
lican It seems to have Wen the rule In these
now towns end mining camps to select tor
thalr marshal or chief ot police a man who
had already made a reputation as a killer
Betow Croeds was dreninpt r > t Creek had
qualified himself tor the position ot tntr
shal by killing four men In selfdefence be
explained The beginning made In civil life
he kept bravely up as an official and to him
belongs the distinguished honor of having
supphVl the corpse to start the graveyard In
tha new city Alter Creoda became more law
abiding It needed a higher tpa of city of
ficials Broken Note Creekwas clotted out
ot office and Is reported to have been subse
quently shot In a mining town on the Gunnt
lharsald that th Bathe born English
man took more naturally to the caltlug ot
hud wan than did tho genuine ankee
On of th most striking examples ot this
wss lieu Thompson an rntrllahuian who
was brought out to Texas by his parents
whllo ho was yet a child Ihompson began
his vicious caruer while still In his teens and
before ha waa thirty he bad Mllod eighteen
men a rword tbst warranted his reltur
elected marshal of the capital city ot Austin
Had Thompson bevu a native horn Texan
with n lieuaga ot frontier ancestors munlng
l ck for many generations ho oould not har o
shown raorn skill as a rider and a shot He
was one ot tho tew men of this elans who
camo nearer being devoid ot liyslen fear
than any I know ot Ou one occasion learn
ing that two barkeepers In a certain estab
lishment hsd suour they would kill him It
he ever camo into their rlaeo ho boldly
walked lu alone As soon as ho reached tha
middle of tho room tho two men one on
each aide ami hot more than twenty foot
away raised their shotgun and tired at the
stun instant but they were so frightened
that Uioy missed tholr mark whereupon
lhomi < n whobad bocn grimly smiling at
them drew his roroher and killed the two
It was the same dssperato recklessness that
led him into u quarrel with the proprietor ol
a theatre in Han Antonio 1 bompson would
havo hilled the theatrical manager had not
a ley named Blms who was his assistant
drawn his pistol stepped between the two
and sent throo bullets through tho despera
dos brain
Tin Jamus Fords and road agents ot that
class whlhi rod handed murderers do not
desone to bo classed with tho western bad
man who rather prides hlmselt ou his hon
esty that Is he will not bold up a stage or a
railroad train for the purposo ot looting It
but he docs not besllato to make money by
cheutlug tenderfoot and manipulating cards
sosstonln A tw joara ago Harloy Mc
Coy also n Kentucklan having killed two
men In his natlvo atate and mastered the ar t
ot pokor felt himself qualified for tho ranks
ot tho western bad maa and so went out to
Colorado Hero McCoy at onco became a
proteg ot the famous or Infamous lint
Maslorson the rrlnoo ot klllors and tho
Najioleon ol western sports Harlcy McCoy
now almut Uilrtyslt > eara ot age tall
lithe and acllte He has dark eurUng hair
Urok eyes and a wholesome olive complex
ion nnd aa he dresses wull and In excellent
taste his hsndsome person Is sure to attract
attention wherever he goes Undcrlhoguld
anee ot Meltsrsen MtOuy has loarnod pru
dence and whllo he sUU keeps up his skill
with tho rsvolver ho takts caro to avoid a
quarrel and devotes himself to money mak
ing through his gambling sstabllshment In
Tho most notod ol alt th western bad men
perhaps heoausq he has most murders to hts
credit Is Bat Maaterson hlmselt Mssteraou
was bora In Mlddlcton III about thlrtyelx
yoars ago Ills tstlicr was a wsll todo far
mer but tho boy dl I not avail himself of his
educational opportunities Whllo hi com
lianlons wire studying at school young Maa
terson could bo found In the woods practis
ing with a rovolversnd to this early training
Is no doubt due tho phenomenal skill with
that weapon which h luu displayed The
number of deaths credited to Dat Masrerson
rango all the way from five to twentyeight
Perhaps a fair average would bo sixteen
Maaterson bad esiabllshod a reputation as a
shooter when ho was msde marshal of Dodge
City Kansas Hero In tho early seventies
his brother who wss tho sheriff a killed
by flio Texas cowboys As soon as Bat
Isarno1 nf this he sought out th men and at
once shot lhe wholo nv down Ho disting
uished hlmwlf lu those days as an Indian
fighter aud buffalo hunter bjt while h was
practising with his rill and rvolvr hilld
notecase to perfect himself In Us sklUwItb
the cards When th railroads opened up
Colorado to th world ho went thilher es
tablishing Innumerable gambling places and
because of his fearlessness and his skill with
tho pistol was elected marshal at different
times ol o half dosen Intent cities In each ol
which there Is at least ono grave In the cem
etery tilled by the victim of bis revolver
Masterson Is a man ot medium height wllh
au Intellectual fsee Strang as It may eoem
sudlsnot addicted to profanity or liquor
Ills friends culm and with ashow ot Justlco
that he neier drew his revolver except la the
Interest ot law V swore Asian
A Story or Child Life In the Sand
wich Islands
In all Uie wide world there ars bo more
beautiful Islands then JIawall with It clear
streams It beautiful vallcjs It grand
mountains lu takes of fire Its groves of
palm and Us gentle jioople
before going to those islands which alIors
ead < th Faradlss ct th Faclnc I bad
been much over the world nnd seen many
lovely lands not forgetting my own dear
Long Island i but I mustconfesir th Sand
wich Islands wo usually coll Uieo
deserve th name given them by tbo sailors
Th largest ot th avoir Inhabited islands
I Hawaii from which th group Utes IU
name and la th southeast corner there 1
great volcano or lake of are whloh the
natives call Kllauoa and which UieybeUv
to bo tho bom of their goddess r1 Borne
day I may tell you moro abont this the most
wonderful volesno In Uie worth but at
broseotmyralnd oU ° < my gold whose
nam was Kami and of his little son named
Klaouml IlUratb Iways prcnoerw h
Nlkytowhl lT s
qullo pleased by th ohanga Nik was a very
pretty boy pt about twelve and oxocpt for a
rather ragged palm loaf bat from whloh Us
long black hair hung In plumes like Jarcna
feathers nnd u girdle cf sea grass about his
loins he had ho clothing nor did be w d
any in that soft genial climate Nik lo awi
somewhat llko Iho North American Indian
children I havo seen but I think ho vm mora
slender and graceful and that hiikrK dark
eyes were gentler and had a kindlier ex
Being anxious to learn more about this In
teresting people who I Am sorry to say are
fast dying out I Induced Kama the guide
to take me to his native village and permit
me to spend a tew days with him This vil
lage the name of which I havo forgotten
waa on the eta shore about eight miles from
the lovely town ot Hllo whero the most ot lh
white people on tho island live
Nik with whom I had mado warm friends
and who understood some English for hi
had been at the white school at Hllo for I
Icoile > 13m
coming to bo
i woMiit swisomo 1 cmur
term appeared to bo rauolr pleased at ory
coming I found tbo vlllago to consist ot
aisiut a dosen or moro huts which at u die
tanoo looked llko glgantlo boohUe Tha
conical root wore roveredwtUi dried sea
grass and tho side were mats ot th samo
material which could bo rolled np or let
down When all tha mats were rolled nptho
roots looked Ilk hug extinguishers resting
on stilts These huts were scattered about
under a grove ct cocoanut palms and hor
and there llko t > ank ot burning verdure
were bushes ct crimson hyblecus Drawn
up along th white lx cb were Uie outrlggel
canoes of tha natives tor these people art
great fishermen and seem to take to lb
water as naturally aatoth land
AsweBCared the village mon woman and
children crowded out to grout iisVlth merry
laughter and hid us welcome and I noticed
that all even th old men wor wreath ot
lowers about their heads and soma ot tho
girls wore Jackets or capos ct flower ot
many hues which must have cost some labor
and could not last long hut then flowers
are ftbundant laltor Is not valuable and those
clrll are very skillful st such work
Kamas wife was named Nolu and a we
nenred the two huts which he owned we saw
the woman swinging a child In a hammock
snss > ndod between two palm tree The lit
tle ono was about two years eld and seeing
her father she reached out her handstoeome
to blm Tho mother kissed her and lifted
her to the ground when she run to us as de
vnldot elothlng as ono ot Ibrr > haotschrubs
unless tbo wreath ot crimson blossoms Inter
woven In her dark hair might bo called oloth
logOn ct tho huts was aseignn1 to rre Tho
furniture consisted ot a roll of mats en which
to sleep with a carved piece cl wood to be
placed under th for a pillow some
wooden < cgs rattened In tho post Irom which
to hang dothlngi nothing more
Itwasatiout noou whon w reached the
village and being wiviry Irom my trnmpdown
tho mountain tiny down and slept soundly
till thosun wss sotting I might have sleet
longer had not Nik arousal m by putllog 1
his hnndsouio head aud calling outl
Whlteymant Nucpynow
I hurried out and found a wooden bowl
full of cool water for in to wash lu with
towel ot soa grass to wlpo try hands upon 1
soon discovered that the famlllca did not eat
apart but all together A large flro had beet
built and about this the women were broil
ing fish fresh from the sea 1 ha men were
opening eoooanuts Just taken from tile tree
and still others were occupied in prcpartnu
thn grAt natlre illsli called pol which is
made fnim a root and looks ami tastes very
much like our aago when unflavored and
mixed wllh sugar Jt must la very whole
aomo and nutritious as those peoplo eat a
great doalot It
I never enlojed a moal moro than I did
that one We had nelthoi knives nor forks
and our spoons were mado ot coeoanut sheila
or of tho many beautiful sea shells to tie
found In sucli abundance along the shores
By th time supi > or was over It waa qulu
dark Fresh fuel was added to tho fironot
tor the purpose ot boat but to give light In
order to entertain Wo tho natives cf adjoin
ing village soon camo trooping In lhe slen
der girls aud youths wore tilrly rlrapod In
flowers and about tho fountains t >
they at onco lgan a most graceful ilanea to
th music of their ownvolco and the clap
ping ot hands by tiro men I should liar
laid that WaWa Moks htUo slstor and all
of tho children under tho boy a age were
sent to li Immediately alter they had oaten
Th dancing and singing was kept up wllh
slight Intervals until near midnight and I
think I can say I never saw so happy and
nrerry a peoplo
3bu following morning at daylight I was
swokoby tha roar of the surf outside and
tli shout and laughter of tho penile I
hurriedly dressed and went out and th
sight that met ruyojee I shell never forgot
Every msu woman and child Inoludlog lb
Isihy Wawa was lu the surf swimming and
diving like so rnany dolrhlns lint the most
wonderful cf all wis their coasting on the
breakers Men boys and girl would push
1 wumrao Tna atrsr
long pranks to a distance of abont fifty tarda
from tbs shore then with wonderful grace
and dexterity would mount thm and ride la
ovr the wavM snd through th breakers
shouts ot laughter going up whenever one
The three dsys I spent with my luwallair
fends I lock back upon as the bspprost ot
my IU When I left Nik snd hs father
aocomranled roe to Hllo Iters I bought
suit ol ready irado clothes tor th boy ot
whloh b iwen d very proud but a h
carried them away In abuadle Instead 4 en
his back 1 think h hung them up In hit
father tent a cariosities ami nvw wore
arria Tea
The baker kneads dough to make broad
> T
MaU aJilaiiI would rather bury ay
daughter than bar many you I
tttoloat Sultor In that event mwaw It
would be joar tansral not mine
u at

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