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THE DAILY UNION.
JOHN L. HAULING, EDITOR SAT UlSGIXmm, 1853. The Ln-acguiuu Wo publish the official copy of tins document this morning to the exclusion' of other matter. It is gratifying to see with what unanimity the whole pre&s of thecoiintry regard J this paper. With the exception of a fe-.v rabiu partisan?, all concur in the opinion that it is truly national and patriotic in its sentiments. "Oar neighbor of the Manner is in error when Jie says that wo published 'just so much of a com munication naming E. II. Ewiug, John SI. Lea, and V. 31. Barnei, Esq'rs., in connection with nomina tions for the Legislature, as to give out the impres sion that it appeared as editorial matter in the Ban ner." If the Banner will refer to the Union lie will see two lines, immediately preceding the paragraph al ,luded to, in these words : "We find in the Banner, of yesterday, the following communication." He will also see that we published all of it EEf?The Banner seems to think that we are try- ing to tir up dissensions among whigs." You are mistaken neighbor. We lampoon you from the best of motives. We don't like to see you "old fo gies" imposing on the "young ones." Moreover, if you don't stop it you will have precious few to "itirup." Glorious Democratic Victokies. -Host of the cities in New York State have had their municipal elections, and they have uniformly resulted in favor of the democrats. Buffalo elected a democratic Mayor by 850 majority; Rochester by 1,200; Au burn by 167; Syracuse by 95, and Utica majority not stated. Ghicago, Illinois, has also elected a democratic Mayor. A majority of the above cities gave majorities for Scott last fall, and are usually whig in the Spring; but that party appear now" to be entirely defunct, even in its strong-holds. see from the Banner, of yesterday morn ing, that Lion. E. II. Ewixg declines being a can didate for the Senate. Divine SnnvicK. The Kev. .T. B. Fr.nausos will preach at the Christian Church to-morrow znornin" at the usual hour. The 27iqhti.vc.vi.es. "We were unable to attend iho first performance oT this troupe on Thursday evening. The singing we understand was of a su perior order rarely excelled. They had a large audience, notwitlistanding the inclemency of the weather. They perform again to-night. The post-office at Knoxville, Tenn., was entered on the night of the 25th by four negroes "2ind nil fhr enntnnto nT flm .vmnn.. , w ""-m-j ui niii liiuuuj umvur ausiraci- od. EST The grand jury of Knox county, Tenn.,' have found true bills Xnqxville for keeping against the corporation of the streets in a bad condi- tion. .Can't they be induced to emigrate to this'' part of4 the country ? ( v, SKcmembcr that the Bunyau Tableaux wilh be exhibited tb-higlit at Odd-Fellows' Hall. J B3FThc stock of pork at the inspection w .are-f houses in Xew Orleans on the 1st inst., was 42 207 i waneis, oi which ,Jo,uuu were uninspected. 4,-100 mess, and 1,100 prime. The stock at the same time in 1S52 was 847 barrels. S3Fir. Ancell has produced a valuable trea tise on tuberculosis, the constitutional origin of consumption and scrofula. He attempts toshow that phthisic originates in a depraved condition of the blood, by his microscopic and chemical inves tigations. Ififurther researches should confirm his views, perhaps the means of prevention may be de duced. But we are doubting animals. SST Fkaxcis? Pdlszky, the companion and aid ofKossuTii in his travjls through this country, ar rived in the steamer Humboldt, from Havre. 'His object in rcvisiting'the United Status is professedly fWM doea not encourage the expectation tllalRriiBUTir will visit us at present. fTirn:u HiTciicoiyc, for many yc-ars a judge of the Supreme Court ofrQhio, died at Painesvilh' atter a snort out severe lilnes about, 70 years. on Friday last, aged .uie iemociacy oi oia .Lincoln assembled at ettev jtteville on tlie 7th inst, when L. L. Sto.ve E-o I , -V -v. iuu wi. x. m. n altox ap pointed seerctery. The resolutions adopted breathe -the true spirit No preference was expressed for any of the distinguished members of the party, but resolved "that they would use all honorable means to secure the election of the nominee of the Dem cratic State Convention." We publish below the list of delegates: w In I inx ini miI Tl- 1) 1r -itr Zadoc Motlow; Benj. Bern- "Wm. Tollev ..-.-,.1! T.-v IT-l XT T. ,-. J luspie, jmj., in. oi.irii; doei Jteece, Ksar Cant fi V. Hebb; Wm. D. Rhea, Esq.; Uu. Thominso.r Wm McGce; Kobert Drennon, Esq.; Samuel J. Bland Esq.; Col. E. L. nodge; Col. D. S. Uobbs; Col W Ii. Iledgepeth; Maj W. T. Boss; John M. Bright' 35sq.; John S.Fulton, Esq.; and Gen. B. Farquhar Eon, be appointed delegates to represent the de mocracy of this couuty in the Democratic State Convention. . Isorth Cakolixa Copper. The New York Iri bune says : The 100 tons copper advertised by the North Carolina Copper Co., were sold at auction by Mi Draper. Ihe novel method of disposing of this coppor attracted considerable competition! and we believe all he smelting works in the country were represented l ie bidding was spirited, and the lot was eventually taken by the'Revorc Works Bos ton, at S6 per cwt, equal to $180 per ton, the ore being about 30 per cent of copper. This ale therefore, produced 18,000, and the copper "has been mined in the course of two months at an ex pense of about $1,000. Such results as these prove that mining may in this country be made profita ble and legitimate an enterprise as it is in England. New Orleans, March 4 OleBull gave his third concert to-night It was thronged with a brilliant audience. The receipts amounted to five thousand dollars. lie gives one more concert and then goes up the river. The amount of cotton destroyed by the late fire amounts to about 1S,000 bales, which was insured '?rn tS?15'o00 itt the nme Mutual office, 500,000 m the Sun Mutual office, $90,000 in the Liverpool and Royal Liverpool, $20,000 in the fiSSS?f a? " lhe -Merch Several cotton lactones had no insurance whatever. ai'edSf? lhe Lebanon District tv a few dJ fY afc Jolensvillc, Williamson coun- Knc Zuellu0'0' an attaJk ofresypelas.- V"VJ sq.; tsamuel Hon- f'l-nftq-jCol. John Hill; C. Yv . McGmre, Esq.; B. M. G. Alsup, Esq Dr P W "Walton; Dr. John Wood; Hu. Tavlor Tnunn' f KJ llll" i mi iinrnnim bi iin n rTMnrrrm irn mil - m i - IXAUGURAL ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, MARCH 4, 1853. My Cocntrvmex: It is a relief to feel that no heart but my own can know the personal regret and bitter sorrow, over which I have been borne to a position, so suitable for others, rather than de sirable for myself. The circumstances under which I have been called, for a limited period, to preside over the des tinies of the republic, fill me with a profound sense of responsibility, but with nothing like shrinking apprehension. I repair to the post assigned me, not as one sought, but in obedience to the unso licited exprsion of your will, answerable only for a fearless, faithful, and diligent exercise of my best powers. I ought lo be, and am truly grateful for the rare manifestation of the nation's confidence; but this, so far from lightening my obligations, only adds lo their weight. You have summoned me in my weakne-s; you must sustain me by your strength. When looking for the fulfilment of reas onable requirements, you will not be unmindful of the great changes which have occurred, even with in the last quarter of a century, and the consequent augmentation and complexity of duties imposed, in the administration both of your home and foreign "Whether the elements of inherent force in the republic have kept pace with its unparalleled pro gression in territory, population and wealth, has been the subject of earnest thought and discussion, on both sides of the ocean. Less than sixty -four vearsago, the Father of his Country made 'the" then "recent accession of the important State of North Carolina to the constitution of the United States," one of the subjects of his special congratu lation. At that moment, however, when the agi tation consequent upon the revolutionary struggle had hardly subsided, when we were just emerging from the weakness and embarrassment of the con federation, there was an evident consciousness of vigor equal to the great mission so wisely and brave ly fulfiled by our fathers. It was not a presump tuous assurance, but a calm faith, springing from a clear view of the sources of power, in a government constituted like ours. It is no paradox to say that, although comparatively weak, the new-born na tion was intrinsically strong. Inconsiderable in population and apparent resources, it was upheld by a broad and intelligent comprehension of rights, and an all-pervading purpose to maintain them, stronger than armaments. It came from the fur nace of the revolution, tempered to the necessities of the times. The thoughts of the men ol that day were as practical as their sentiments were patriotic. They wasted no portion of their energies upon idle and delusive speculations, but with a linn and fear less step advanced beyond the government land marks, wliich had hitherto circumscribed the limit3 of human freedom, and planted their standard where it has stood, against dangers, which have threatened from abroad, and internal agitation, which has at times fearfully menaced at home. They approved themselves equal to the solution of the great problem, to understand wliich their minds had been illuminated by the dawning lights of the revolution. The object sought was not a thing dreamed of: it was a thing realized. They had ex hibited not only the power to achieve, but what all history affirms to be so much more unusual, the ca pacity to maintain. The oppressed throughout the world, from that day to the present, have turned their eyes hitherward, not to find those lights ex tinguished, or to fear lest they should wane, but to be constantly cheered by their steady and increas ing radiance. In this, our country has in my judgment thus far fulfiled its highest duty to suffering humanity. It has spoken, and will continue to speak, not only by its words but by its acts, the language of sympathy, encouragement, and hope, to those, who earnestly listen to tones, which pronounce for the largest ra tional liberty. But, after all, the most animating encouragement and potent appeal for freedom will be its own history, its trials and its triumphs. Pre eminently, the power of our advocacy reposes in our example; but no example, be it remembered, can be powerful for lasting good, whatever appa rent advantages may be gained, which is not based upon eternal principles of right and justice. Our fathers decided for themselves, both upon the hour to declare and the hour to strike. They were their own judges of the circumstances, under which it be came them to pledge to each other "their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor," for the ac quisition of the priceless inheritance transmitted to us. The energy with which that great conflict was opened, and, under the guidance of a manifest and beneficient Providence, the uncomplaining endur ance with which it was prosecuted to its consuma tion, were only surpassed by the wisdom and patri otic spirit of concession which characterized all the counsels of the early fathers. One of the most impressive evidences of that wis dom is to be found in the fact, that the actual work ing of our system has dispelled a degree of solici tude, which, at the outset, disturbed bold hearts and far-reaching intellects. The apprehension of dangers from extended territory, multiplied States, accumulated wealth, and augmented population, has proved to be unfounded. The stars upon your banner have become nearly threefold their original number, your densely populated possessions skirt the shores of the two great oceans, and yet this vast increase of people and territory has not only shown itself compatible with the harmonious action of the States and Federal Government in their re spective constitutional spheres, but has afforded an additional guarantee of the strength and integrity 'With an experience thus suggestive and cheering, Pav-iQio nolicv of mv administration will not be con - trolled by any in nid-forebodings of evil from expan- sion. intteea, id is not to ueKiisguiseu mat our atti tude as a nation, and our pGSiti&n on the globe, ren der the acquisition of certain possessons, not with in our jurisdiction, eminently important for our pro tection, if not, in the future, essential for the preser vation of the rights of commerce and the peace of the world. Should they be obtained, it will lie tluugjijipaspingsrjmt, but with a view to ob YjoiisiatiQnallirteH and ma "man- ner entijelycoi of UfitionxdjaltjL We'haveliotlii ng in ourTiisfofy or nosition to invite neirression. we have everv thing to beckon us to The cultivation of relations of peace and amity with all nations. Purposes, there fore, atonce just and pacific, will be significantly marke!Tin thecondiTcrol' our foreign affairs. I in tend that my administration shall leave no blot up on our fair record, and trust I may safely give the assurance that no act within the legitimate scope of my constitutional control will be tolerated, on the part of any portion of our citizeus, which can not challenge a ready justification before the tribu nal of the civilized worlclvj22Ln administration would be unworthy of confidence at home, or re spect abroad, should it cease to be influenced by the conviction that no apparent advantage can be pur chased at a pride so dear as that of national wrong or dishonor&Itisnot your privilege, as a nation to speak "SPiTSistant past. The striking incidents of your history, replete with instruction, and furnish ing abundant grounds for hopeful confidence, are comprised in a period comparatively brief. But if your past is limited, your future is boundless. Its obligations throng the unexplored pathway of ad vancement, and will be limitless as duration. Hence a sound and comprehensive policy should embrace, not less the distant future than the urgent present y The great objects of our pursuit, as a people, are best to be attained by rjeaee, and are entirely con sistent with the tranquility and interests of the rest of mankind. r With the neighboring nations upon our continent, we should cultivate kindly and . fraternal relations. We can desire nothing in re gard to th 3m so much, as to see them consolidate their strength, and pursue the paths of prospreity and happiness. If, in the course of their growth, we should open new channels of trade, and create additional facilities for friendhy intercourse, the ben efits rea'ized will be equal and mutual. Of the com plicated European systems of national policy we have heretofore been independent From their wars, their tumults and anxieties, we have been, happily, almost entirely exempt "Whilst these are confined to the nations which gave them exist ence, and within their legitimate jurisdiction, they cannot affect us, except.as they appeal to our sym pathies in the cause of human freedom and univer sal advancement But the vast interests of com merce are common to all mankind, and the advan tages of trade and international intercourse must alwaysjpresentaaoble field for the moral influence of a great" people. With these views firmly and honestly carried out, we have a right to expect, anil shall underall i circumstances require prompt reciprocity, sine rights which belong to us aa a nation are not aloire to be regarded, but those which pertain to every cit izen in his individual capacity at home and abroad, must be sacredly main tained.y So long a3 he can discern every star in its place upon that ensign, without wealth to purchase for him preferment, or title to secure for him place, it will be" his privilege, and must be his acknowledged right, to stand un abashed even in the presence of princes with a proud consciousness that he is himself one of a na tion of sovereigns, and that he cannot, in legitimate pursuit, wander-so far from home that the agent whom he shall leave behind in the place which I now occupy will not see that no rude hand of pow er or tyranical passion is laid upon him with im punity. He must realize that upon every sea and cu ever' soil, where our enterprise may rightfully seek the protection of our flag, American citizen ship is an inviolable panoply for the security of American rights. And in this connexion it can hardly be necessary to reaffirm a principle which should now be regarded as fundamental. The rights, security, and repose of this confederacy re ject the idea of interference or colonization on this side of the ocean by any foreign power beyond present jurisdiction as utterly inadmissible. The opportunities of observation, furnished by my brief experience a3 a soldier, confirmed in my own mind the opinion, entertained and acted upon by others from the formation of the government, that the maintenance of large standing armies in our country would be not only dangerous, but unne cessary. They also illustrated the importance, I might well say the absolute necessity, of the mili tary science and practical skill furnished, in such an eminent degree, by the institution, which has made your army what it is, under the discipline and in struction of officers not more distinguished for their solid attainments, gallantry, and devotion to the public service, than for unobtrusive bearing and high moral tone. The army, as organized must be the nucleus, around which, in every time of need, the strength of your military power, the sure bulwark of your defence a national militia may be readi ly formed into a well-disciplined and efficient or ganization. And the skill and self-devotion of the navy assure you that you may take the performance of the pastas a pledge for the future, and may con fidently expect that the flag which has waved its untarnished folds over every sea will still float in un diminished honor. But these, like many other sub jects, will be appropriately brought, at. a future time, to the attention of the co ordinate branehes of the government, to which I shall always look with pro found respect, and with trustful confidence that they will accord to me the aid and support which I shall so much need, and which their experience and wis dom will readily suggest. In the administration of domestic affairs, you ex pect a devoted integrity in the public service, and an observance of rigid economy in all departments, so marked as neverjustly to be questioned. If this reasonable expectation be not realized; I frankly confess that one of your leading hopes is doomed to -disappointment, and that my efforts in a very im- jui uiui, particular muse result m a humiliating fail ure. Offices can be properly regarded only m the light of aids for the accomplishment of these object and as occupancy can confer no prerogative, nor im poitunate desire for preferment any claim, the pub lic interest imperatively demands that they be con sidered with sole reference to the duties to be per formed. Good citizens may well claim the protec tion of good laws and the benign influence of good government; but a claim for office is what the peo ple of a republic should never recognize. No rea sonable man of any party will expect the adminis tration to be so regardless of its responsibility, and of the obvious elements of success, as to retain per sons, known to be under the influence of political hostility and partisan prejudice, in positions, Avhich will require, not only severe labor, but cordial co operation. Having no implied engagements to ratify, no rewards to bestow, no resentments to remember, and no personal wishes to con sult, in selections for official station, 1 shall fulfil this difficult and delicate trust, admitting no motive as worthy either of my character or position, which does not contemplate an efficient discharge of duty and the best interests of my countiy. I acknowl edge my obligations to the masses of my country men, and to them alone. Higher objects than per sonal aggrandizement gave direction and energy to their exertions in the late canvass, and they shall not be disappointed. They require at my hands diligence, integrity, and capacity, wherever there are duties to be performed. Without these quali ties in their public servants, more stringent laws for the prevention or punishment of fraud negli gence and peculation, will be vain. With them they will be unnecessary. But these are not the only points, to which you look for vigilant watchfulness. The dangers of a concentration of all power in the general govern ment of a confederacy so vast as ours, are too ob vious 'to be disregarded. You have a right, there fore, to expect your agents, in every department, to regard strictly the limits imposed upon them by the constitution of theU. States. The great scheme of our constitutional liberty rests upon a proper distribu tion of power between the State and federal autho rities ; and experience has shown, that the harmo ny and happiness of our people must depend upon a just discrimination between the separate rights and responsibilities of the States, and your com mon rights and obligations under the general gov ernment And here, in my opinion, are the consi derations which should form the true basis of fu ture concord in regard to the questions, which have most seriously disturbed public tranquility. If the federal government will confine itself to the exer cise Of powers clearly granted by the constitution it can hardly happen that its action upon any ques tion should endanger the institutions of the'States, or interfere with their right to manage matters strictly domestic according to the will of their own people. "In expressing briefly my views upon an import ant subject, which has recently agitated the nation to almost a fearful degree", I am moved by no other impulse than a most earnest desire for the perpetu ation of that Union, which has made us what we are, showering upon us blessings, and conferring a power and influence, which our fathers could hard ly have anticipated, even with their most sanguine hopes directed to a far-off future. The sentiments 1 now announce were not unknown before the ex pression ot the voice which called me here. My own position upon this subject was clear and une quivocal, upon the record of my words and my acts and it is only recurred to at this time because si lence might perhaps be misconstrued. With the Union my best and dearest earthly hopes are en twined. Without it, what are we individually or collectively ? What becomes of the noblest field ever opened for the advancement of our race in religion, in government, in the arts, and in all that dignifies and adorns mankind ? From that radiant constellation, which both illumines our own way and points out to struggling nations their course, let but a single star be lost, and, if there be not utter darkness, the lustre of the whole is dimmed. Do my countrymen need any assurance that such a catastrophe is not to overtake them while I possess the power to stay it ? It is with me an earnest and vital belief, that as the Union has been the source, uiider Providence, of our prosperity to this time, so it is the surest pledge of a continuance of the bles sings we have enjoyed, and which we are sacredly bound lo transmit undiminished to our children. The field of calm and free discussion in our country is open, and will always be so, but never has been and never can be traversed for good in a spirit of sectionalism and uncharitableness. The founders of the republic dealt with things as they were present ed to them, in a spirit of self-sacrificing patriotism, and, as time has proved, with a comprehensive wis dom, which it will always be safe for us to consult Every measure, tending to strengthen the fraternal feelings of all the members of our Union, has had my heartfelt approbation. To every theory of so ciety or government, whether the offspring of fever ish ambition or of morbid enthusiasm, calculated to dissolve the bonds of law and affection which unite us, I shall interpose a ready and stern-resistance. I believe that involuntary servitude, as it exists in different States of this confederacy, is recognised by the Constitution. I believe that it stands like any other admitted right, and that the States where it exists are entitled to efficient remedies to enforce the constitutional provisions. I hold that the laws of 1850, commonly called the "compromise measures," are strictly constitutional, and to be unhesitatingly carried into effect I believe that the constituted authorities of this Republic are bound to regard the rights of the South in this respect, as they would view any other legal and constitutional right, and that the laws to enforce them should be respected and obeyed, not with a reluctance encouraged by abstract opinions as to their propriety in a different state of society, but cheerfully, and according to the decisions of the tribunal to which their exposi tion belongs. Such have been and are my convic tions, and upon them I shall act I fervently hope that the question is at rest and that no sectional, or ambitious, or fanatical excitementmay again threat en the durability of our institutions, or obscure the light of our prosperity. But let not the foundation of our hope rest upon man's wisdom. It will not be sufficient that sec tional prejudices find no place in the public deliber ations. It will not be sufficient that the rash coun sels of human passion are rejected. It must be felt that there is no national security butin the nation's humble, acknowledged dependence upon God and his overruling Providence. We have been carried in safety through a peril ous crisis. Wise counsels, like those which gave us the constitution, prevailed to uphold it. Let the penod be remembered as an admonition, and not as an encouragement, in any section of the Uuiou, to make experiments where experiments are fraught with such fearful hazard. Let it be impressed upon all hearts, that beautiful as our fabric is, no earthly power or wisdom could ever re-unite its broken fragments. Standing as I do almost within view of the green slopes of Monticello and, as it were, within reach of the tomb of Washington, with all the cherished memories of the past gathering around me, like so many eloquent voices of exhortation from Heaven, I can express no better hope for my country, than that the kiud Providence which smiled upon our fathers may enable their children to pre serve the blessings they have inherited. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Inspectors op Hulls and Roilees at Knoxville. In the House on the 19th ult., Mr. Churcuwell offered the following amendment to the appropria tion bill : Tor compensation to inspectors of hulls and boil ers for the port of Knoxville, Tennessee, $S00 to be appointed in conformity to the provisions of the ninth section of the act approved 3Gth of August 1S32, "to amend an act entitled 'An act to provide for the better security of the lives of passengers on board of vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, and for other purposes;'" the salaries of each of said officers to be $400. Mr. Church well supported his amendment in the following appropriate remarks : High up in the rich and fertile vallev of the Ten nessee, on a gentle eminence ovcrlookhi"- the love liest natural panorama the eye ever scanned with a beautiful river washing its base, and bearing upon its bosom the products of its soil, may be seen tall tlJ) iiuue institutes, a , splendid deaf and dumb asylum, flourishing manu- ) factories, and an hundred springs of the purest wa- ' ter, amui a vauey oi salt, cliUsof marble, and moun- tains of iron, with a soft and healthy climate, equal to any known to man, with a rapidly increasin" 1 population, and a commerce doubling itself every ! year. Sir, this point is the centre offive extensive ; railroads, proposed and being constructed only twenty-four hours distant from the southern sea- I board at Charleston and Savannah and will oon 1 bo connected by the great Central railroad from ' Is ew 1 ork, through Virginia and Tennessee, to New ! Orleans, with the Chesapeake, the Ohio and Miosis- ! oijj)i inui, dun uiu vjriur oi jiexco. II ere on this point is situated the city of Knoxville: look at your map, and you will see that it is the present center of the States. My amendment is a modet one It proposes two inspectors for the port, and a small appropriation to pay them. I am not askin" for three or four hundred thousand dollars to e?ect a magnificent custom house to decorate, adorn and beautify the already beautiful city which I have the honor to represent. Fo.- the present, I shall be con tent with the very small favor which I ask of this honorable body, and which the wants of the Gov ernment and that district require to carry out the provisions of the late steamboat law; without which it cannot be executed. Our imports of railroad iron to this port will be enormous; our shipments abroad are daily increasing, and all we want is the neces sary facilities to expedite our commercial arrange ments and carry out the laws. I hope there will be no opposition to the amendment; it is proper -u uw iue l ecommenuation of the honorable chair- I man of the Committee on Commerce, (Mr Sey- ! inour,) and also of the supervisor of that district.- ! 1 will not longer occupy the time of the commit- I tee. 1 trust it will be adopted ! " T Tit. ..I t , x nuips. i rise to a question of order. That hmendment is not authorized by any existing law. J he Chairman. The chair sustains the point of order, and rules that the amendment is not in order Condition- of Things in Cuba. The following extract from the Havana correspondence of the K York Tribune gives, as far as it goes, a correct re port of the state of aflairsin the Wand of Cuba, and of the unanimous desire of the Creoles to rid them selves of the bloody despotism of Spain. Thoe who undertake to persuade the world that the people of Cuba do not languish for freedom, and will not rise in mass tlie first moment that a reasonable hope of success presents itself to achieve their independence, are either grossly ignorant of the feelings of the Cuoans, or wilfully and meanly misrepresent the true sentiments and spirit of that oppressed popu lation : Revolution AnEvSpa7iM forces on the Island Coolies Taxation, dr. Havana, Feb. 13, 1853. We are on the eve of great events in this island therefore, for the sake of humanity, I counsel vou of" the American Union to be unanimous and "o with the current, and thereby cause the contest to be less bloody and of short duration. Opposition is useless, ttie inhabitants of this island, of Cuban origin, to almost a man, are determined on annexa tion, and they are aware that they have a majority in theUnited States in their favor; therefore, the minority by any opposition will be pursuing a cruel and murderous part. In the island at present there are about lG.OOOto 18,000 regular troops, about an eighth partof' which number may be classed as soldiers, on account of luitc, uu; rust ranic as an armed rab- ' ble, being physically and morally deficient for war- i like purposes. Under these circumstances the pow er of Spain in Cuba may be compared to a castle of cards, liable to demolition by the slightest shock. The only formidable guard upon the island, in .ap pearance, is the fleet, consisting of some eight or ten steamers anil about as many frigates and smaller crafts; but the oflicers in command are men of little appearance, and assuredly will not offer great re sistance in case of collision with an enemy of even smaller forcebut of better material. The Missouri Tobacco Chop. The St Louis Ifews, of the 4th, says : The crop in Missouri of last year was full an aver age one, say from 12,000 to 14,000 hhds., the best yield of former years being estimated at the largest number. The feeling, so far as we can judge at present, is good, and doubtless lhe market will open liberally in favor of sellei-s. A very large propor tion, however, of the finest crops, such as is used formanufacturing and stemming, has been bought up by dealers along the Missouri river, and at very filll prices, say $3 to So; and therefore it is that the amount to be offered in this market, notwithstand ing the increase in the quantity raised, it is thought, will fall short of last year or the year previous. ' A few hhds. arriving by wagon, and inspected at first and second class lugs, have sold at prices rang ing from $3 to $4 25, and these serving as a par tial criterion, the figures for fair shipping to good" manufacturing may be stated at $4 50 to $6, and all fine tobacco, cigar and other descriptions, from $7 to $10. But the la3t figures, it must bo observed, are given as the range for none but what may be termed really fine. There is considerable tobacco rcadv for market both on the upper Mississippi and Mis'souri; but the high rates offreight and other causes deter shippers from sending it forward immediately. LAND FOR SALE. BY virtue ofa decree of the County Court of Davidson' county, rendered at the March Term, 1853, in the case of James H. Jones, Administrator of Catharine Watson and others, I will, at the Court House, in the town of Nash ville, on Saturday, 2nd. day of April next, offer for sale a piece of Land, .contonmgSOX acres, lying in thecounty of Davidson, in cinl Distnct , No7, about 10 miles from Nah ville, between , the Nolensvill Turnpike and the Nashville k Chattanooga Railroad, and about one mile from the An tioch Depot. - Teums or SALE-Said Land is to be sold u5o A credit of twelvemonths and notes with good scuritequired for the payment of the purchase money. inarl2 d&tnj to. F.R. CHEATHAM, (T COMMERCIAL. Nashville. March 12. Cotton-. A little more activity prevailed yesterday, and about 200 bales went off at 6Ka3 40. The following maj be considered a fair index of figures: Inferior S Ordinary 7 Middling 310 Good Middling S-10 tE0 800 8 SO 8 50 Tobacco. At Johnson & Homes 20 hhds. sold yesterday at S 55a5 65. No change in Grocerios. CLvasx.vn, March 11 The river has fallen one foot weather wet Flour dull, 3 65aS75 ; Whisky 15&aW Pro visions dull no transactions. New York, March 11 Cotton unchanged 1000 bales sold Flour 2000 bbls State4 Slat S7; Pork dull. The stormy wc.tther checks operations. STEAMUOAT REGISTER. Aerived 10, Republic. Waite?boro'; 11, Olive, Burksville. D epaexed 1 1 , City of Huntsville, Memphis; Senator, Waitcsboro'. River falling slowlv. J. H. CUEEEY, Furniture Manufacturer and Dealer, , "YTTOULD respectfully inlorm his friends and the the fTk I t t jnioiif generally mtu lie i ! them with everv article ot furniti t t public generally that lie is prepared to turnisii them with everv article ot furniture from a common to l , the finest article kept in this city. His manufacturing is not j surpassed by any one in the South in point of material and j workmanship to test which he asks your patronage. He j bus also a good assortment of imported furniture, all of which is offered at extremely low prices for c.oh his motto being i short profits to make cni'iclr sales. j Ordered work, repairing and varni.-hing old fur-"jS7 i niture, none ai uie snorted notice, anil uioii very reonnble terms with desimtch. I am also pre pared to till ail orders for matrasses, the common shuck kept I c-nstantly on hand. Being the only one in the city having a rijrht to manufacture Oeal's Atmopheric Learer Churn, I it being unequalled by any, I would just say that a supply can always be found at my rooms on College street. Undertaking. All orders lor Collins can be ' filled in very short notice, as I kce every descrip- ion always in readiness, which will be famished at lower J ra'es than usual in this city. Having good hearses, geutle ' horses, and a careful driver, with my personal attention in I this department of my business, I hop'e to raerityour favors, t Orders can be left at "my sale room on College street. "o. 25, j where myself or clerk can always he found, both night and I day, to attend to such orders. Thankful fur past favors, I ( hope bv strict attention to business to merit a continuance of j the same. J. II. CURREV, j marchl2 ' No. 2'), Collegestreet. TT'OIt SALE. A Frame House on Cherry street, .AS- . South Nashville, near the Furniture Manufacto- Ejj! j ry, containing 3 rooms and passage with kitchen, ser- -2 j vants room, ic. ! ALSO, a large brick house on Vine street, lot fronting 10 I feet on Vine stieet, lunuiug back feet, between Church and Bro.uI St. GLOVER & BOYD, I march 12 Gen'l Agents, 5u Cherry St, JO. W. HOr.TO.V. SJLAS X MAC2V. IIOETON & KACEY. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Hardwaro and Cutlery, Iron and Castings, Ao. 71, Market sL, rtMr Bruad Sign of the 3! ill Saw. TTTOULD invite the attention of Mediants, Car- pouters. Blacksmiths, Farmers, and the Trad- r. ing community generally, to tlieir large and well se lected stock of Pocket and Table Knives, Anvils and Vices, Spoons and Candlesticks, Augers and Chisels, Padlocks and Scissors, Mul-X Cut and Hand Saws, Chains and Hoes, Files, Braces and Bits, Double and Single Shot Guns, Glass Rope. &c Ac T.)gether with all articles u.-uaHy kept in Hardware houses, which we offer on accouimodatingterms. WADE & BUTCHER'S CELEBRATED EAZORS. JUST received, 15 dozen AV. k B. "Old Army" Razors; 12 dozen W. k B. Hollow Ground Razors; 8 " " "Genuine Barlow " 5 " " Old Bachelor a " Patent Fiame Back " HORTON k MACEY, marchl2 1m No. 71 .Market street. KAEINGO MAMMOTH. THE thorough bred .lack, MARINGO MAM- i MOTH, direct fiotn Kentucky, will make his firs, season in Tennessee at Canev Sirinrin v ?t- Marshall iiountv, five miles below the fisuiog ford in Duck River, at thirty-live dollars insurance and tilt- cents groom fee. Jennets scut from a distance will be pastured gratis, and grain fed, if required, at fifty cents ptr week. He is full fifteen hands two and a half inches high, good honest measure, unusually large bone, and heavy; black, with mealy nose. He has the form, size, color and blood to re commend him highly to tho-e who wish to improve their stock. We consider' hi m the master Jack of Tennessee. For further particulars see hand bills, march 11 am KNIGHT k WILSON'. rpHE ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINE OF ART, for .March a Subscription received and single copies for sale by niarchll F. HAGAN, Agent. H. G. SCOVEL, Druggist mill Apothecary, A'orth side of the 1'utJie Snuare, 8 doors West of the Xah ciile Inn. Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Paints, Buusiiks, PEitFUMEtrr, PowoEit, Oils. I)yu Stuffs, Fa.vcv Articles, Shot, Vakxisues, Glass; Glassm-ahi:, Lead, SURGICAL AND DENTAL INSTRUMENTS, VTERO ABDOMINAL SUPPORTERS and TRUSSES WASHITA OIL STONES," Drugs, Uledicines, Chemicals, &c. XashviUc, March 11, 1 .-. 1500 march 1 1 LBS. PRINTER'S INK Winter, Spring, Sum- I meranu ran ews,oiuie best quality, tor sale bv II. O. SCOVEL. 1?RESH GARDEN SEEDS, JJ the Shakers, for sale by from Landreth, Risley and II. G. SCOVEL. GRASS SEEDS, in variety, for sale by marchll II. G. SCOVEL. T VON'S KATH AVION, for the Hair this article is nop- uiar in .my loiKtuv, us uu iiuiiiiraniu preparation, and an effectual remedy for baldness and falling off of the hair, causing it to grow luxuriantly, rendering it soft; glos sy, beautiful and preventing its turning grev, lor sale by ' march U II". G. SCOVEL. LYON'S ESSENCE JAMAICA GINGER, for Dyspep sia, Gout, Rheumatism, Cramp, Cnolera Morbus Cholic, kc, kc, which is one of the best preparations of the day a trial will convince the incredulous, for sale by marclill II. G. SCOVEL. ALVANISM Christie's Belts, Bracelets, Fluid, Rings YX and Plasters, for sale by the only ngent in Nashville, marchll II. G. SCOVEL. LANGH0RN k ARMISTEAD'S SUPERIOR TOBAC CO, for sale Wholesale aud Retail by marchll H. G. SCONELl- TV IFLE POWDER Connecticut aud Tennessee Rifle Pow (ler, warranted bet quality, for sale by marchll II. G. SCOVEL. WINTER STRAINED SPERM OIL, suitable for fine machinery for sale by H G. SCOVEL. -TEAT3 FOOT, Refined Tauner's, Lard, Linseed and IN Castor Oils, for sale by II. G. SCOVEL. SSJ, MITH'S SUGAR COATED PILLS, just received aud iiilc bv marl 1 II G. SCOVEL. rrEAS Black, Young Hyson; Imperial, Gunpowder, and I Extra Carious Black" Tea. These Teas are of good quality and have given satisfaction, for sale by marchll II. G. SCOVEL. ODD-FELLOWS' HALL. For a 3hort Season Only Coinmen:inj on Saturday Evening, March 12th. THE B U IS' Y AX TAULEAUX. CONSISTING of sixty Magnificent Scenes, with figures of life-i.ize, illustrative of the Pjlguijis' Progress. Ma king the most magificent moving inirror ever presented to the American public. This sublime work was painted by the eminent Ameri can Artists, Huntington, May, Kile, Darley, Crapsey and Prof. Diegan, and is acknowledged by leading journals, by artists, and by eminent judges to be a superior work of art. The cost of this gorgeous painting, which embraces sixty scenes from the "Glorious old Dream" was 510,000, and has been viewed by more than -iuO.OOO persons in the principal cities ofthe Union. Appropriate music, with discriptive lecture, accompanies the painting. Cards of Admission, 50 cents Children half price. Doors open at 6j o'clock, the mirror will move at 7K precisely. Exhibition on Wednesday and Saturday afternoon, at & o'clock. Doors open at 2. Liberal arrangements can be made for the admission of Schools. A. HART. Proprietor, marlO R. J. GREENWOOD, Manager. FOR SALE. TWO Fine Thorough Bued Stallions, Imp. J SHAMROCK, one of the best racers of his JfiZF day and with limited ooportunitie3 quite a sue- f ' V cessful Stallion. The other a very large and fine thorough bred. Price 400 each. W. G. HARDING. march'J lm t kr ADELPHI THEATRE. IOJXKELYL'S XIOIITIXGALE TROUPE. WILL have the pleasure of introducing to the notice ofthe ladies and citizens of Nashville their select boudoir Soirees, commencing on THURSDAY EVENING, March 10th. ESP For further particulars sesmall bills. Seats can be secured bv applying at the offico be Cween the hours of 11 and 4 o'clock. . Admission, Dress Ciicle and Parquetto 50 cents, Gallery a.cems. t. .l;. XST All the new anu neauiu.u 'auapicaj.iojTi-- nnn. sunc bv me iMCim"KiB. 'Store, No. 14, Union street. tnarS JOH!' BY TELEGRAPH. Wasuixcto.v; March 11. It is reported that Mr. Downs, of Louisiana, will get the vacant Judgship on the Supreme Court bench. Mr. Benton denomiccalwappointment of Judge Bowlin, of Missouri, as Commissioner of Indian af fairs; he says his friends should be appointed. D. K. Carter of Ohio will be made Commissioner of Patents. Gen.Peasly, Collector at Boston. Com modore Jones, commander of the naval station at San Francisco. It is supposed that Caleb Cushing will abdicate the office of Attorney General, for a foreign mission. Boston-, Marsh. 11. The Snttinet machine fac tory of Biglow & Brtlett was destroyed by fire. The loss is estimated at $20,000. The Convention for revising the State Constitution will be largely whig. Detroit, March 11. Gen. Cass' wife is danger ously ill. Mairnis, 11. The steamer 'XashvuV' passed up at 2 o'clock this afternoon. New Tome, March 11. Mexican da&s to the 2Stli ult. have been received. Caravajal has aban doned his plans, and his men have been disbanded. Uragua has written to Santa Anna asking him to return in accordance with the GuwkUyara plan of government, and assures him of his ejection to the Presidency. 4 Wasaixctox, March 11. Secre tarv Guihrie ad vertises that the five per cent stock of 1813 will be redeemed 1st July next, after which date interest will cease. New Haven- March 11. The Temperance vention has adopted the free soil ticket. Cor- NEW PUBLICATIONS. AO IV COMPLETE TEE ABEOTSFORD EDITION OF THE WAVERLEY NOVELS. TV. T. BERRY CO. have just received THE ABBOTSFORI) EDITION OF THE TVAYERLET NOVELS, in 12 vols. This beautiful reprint is now com plete, containing Waverley, Brule of Lamniermoar, Synod of Montrose, Fortune. of Nigl, Heart of MidUxhinn, Pevril otthePenlr, Quentin Dunvsed, St. Rowan's Well, Red Gauntlet, Fair JIaid of Perth, Anne of Gotrsteia, Count Robert of Paris, Castle DangerotH, Guy Manncring The Pirate, The Abbot, Ivuuhoe, The Mouestry, Kenilworth, Thu Antiquary, Rob Roy, Old Mortality, The Betrothed, The Talisman. Woodstock, In all Twelve. Volumes. Chronicles of Cano-afe. TV. T. B. & Co. have also recently receives! SIR WALTER SCOTT'S COMPLETE WORKS, $ rols. calf. THE WAVERLEY NOVELS, 48 vols cair. THE ABBOTS EDITION OF .THE WAVERLEY NO VEIiS, 12vols. with over 2000 wood and steel engravings. THE POETICAL WORKS OF SIR WALTER SCOTT 12 vol., calf. LOCKUARYS LIFE OF SIR WALTER SCOTT, 2 vols. marchS BOUVLER'S INSTITUTES. TV. T. Bi:ilY & CO., have just received INSTITUTES OF AMERICAN LAW. By John Bou vicr. In Four Volumes. TV. T. Ii. & Co. have also jut received Wharton's American Criminal law. Bouvier's Law Dictionary, new wlitiw. Daniel's Chancery Pleadings and Prsetiee. Williams on Executors, 2v. Jarman on Wills, 2v. Smith's Leading Case, new edition. American Leading Cases, by Hare awl Wallace. Leading Cases in Equity, by Hare and WaHwe. United States Equity Digest, 2 v. nrch2 TTMT! SdT.f nv fiWnrrcTJT-cc O N WEDNESDAY, 16th March, lioS, we will ofierat 200 Hooheads Lmiisiimn Siiwjp- 2W Barrels prime new Mobue; 100 Packages Lcmfand Crushed Sugar; 500 Boxes Manufactured Tolmcco. n?I grades; 100,000 Regalia and Principee Cigars' 200 Boxes Week k Co.'s Star Camlfes; 100 Doric k Co.'s TnlkHV tfo; 500 Kegs Shoenberger s Nails, all shosr 300 doz Beaver iWknls- 500 Boxes Glassware assor ted ; 100 Barrels Green Copperas ; 500 " Superfine Flour; 100 bands extra Whisky; iuu (to itectitiod do; 100 Bales Cotton Yarns assorted No-. With various other articles. The goods will beptit up iu our usual ftuantJlies, with liberal pnyilcgcs. Teums Of Sals. All sums under 200, Cash. All sums over.2tH, four months forapproved endorsed note iMiya- niarV-td W. II . GORDON k CO. AUCTION SALE OF GROCERIES, BY MORRIS STRA TTOX, ON MONDAY .MORNING, 14th Mnrcli, 1353, we will of fer at auction in front of our store 5t hhds prime New Oilcans Sugar; 200 bags Rio Coffee; 50 bbls prime M(4sse; 25 packages Lonf and Crushed Sufar; 50 diweii P.iinted Buckets and Tubs; 1H leaius Wrapping Paper; 100 boxes fiesh M R Raisins; 50 drums Smyrna Figs; j 50 barrels Baltimore Oysters; 5o boxes fresh Imperial Tea; 50 boxes Star Camltes; 50 do Tallow Oiudles; 30 do Boston Soup; 25 bags Pepper and Ginger; 25 casks Sup. Caib. Soda; 10 barrels Alum; 5 tierces Fresh Rice; 25 barrels Fresh CloyerSmvt - 25 bales Cotton, Yams, best breinds 200 barrels Ohio and St. Louw Whiskv; 25 do Old Tennessee do; " 50 do do D. D. Whisky, various brands; 50 packages American Brandy and Gin; 10 barrels New England Rum; 20 do Malaga aud Poit Wiue; 25 do Vinegar; Together with Indigo, Madder, Erimstoae, Copperas, Ci gars, Blacking, Starch, Ad Sale to commence at lu. o'clock, precisely. morcht) MORRIS k STRATTON. STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS. JOHN K HUME. NO. 57 COLLEGE STREET, NASH VILLE,.TENNE3SLE. H AS THIS DAY RECEIVED Printed Linen Cambric: Parisian Slopes; Corded Shirts; Hair Skirts; Gens do; RIBBONS. Snh Ribbons; Bonnet do; Neck do; " Scarfs Bl'k Chintii'ly Veils; Brewu ' " Rlue " Beautiful Challie Berages; " Beragc Delaines; Printed Berages; Neat Check Silks; " Fig'd Fancy Silks; Plain and fig'd Challys, India Hard Cord Twills; Nainsook Mucins; Rich Printed Muslins; Swiss fig'd do; Super Col'd Berages; Black GtoDe Rhcni; " GroDeZurci. ENGLISH, SCOTCH, FRENCH AND SWISS EMBROI DERIES. Emb'd Mu3. Collars; " Cam. do Paris trim'd Val. Collars; Pointed Lacs " Cambric Trimmings; Swiss Trimmings. Camb. and Silk Flouncinrs; Emb'd UndorSlecves; Flowing " " Lace " " Bl'k Laco K Veils; French" " Sewing Silk Mitts,. Dotted Swiss Muelfns; Jaconet ard Swiss Muslins; Pointed do; Shell Twist Combs; Fine Tooth Combs; Dressing Combs; Work Boxes, Baskets, Ac. Emb'd Linen Cata. Hdkfs; Lace trim d Dressing Brushes; Tooth do; Nail do; do; LINEN SHEETINGS, SHIRTINGS, TABLE DAMASKS. Napkins, New ork Mills Domestic, Undressed, English Long Cloth, Richardson's Irish Linen, Pillow case Domestic, Pillowcase do 124 Hamilton Sheeting; Printed do Best Bed Tickings; Linen Toweling. Apron Checks, Scotch Crash, . . . o . ....... t tl Uottou naias tor uouse serri3, Uro. and Bleached Drillings, Cottou Diapers. Russia Diaper, Birds Eve ito ALSO, an excellent assortment of English, Frcn i . -r it V 1. 3 X1L11V.U UUU American Prints, Beautiful Plaids, omghams. Also, an ad ditional assortmentment of those justly celebrated Patent Shoulder Seam Shirts. Also, Cloths, Cassimerea, Vestmgs; Cravats, Liuen Collars, Linen Cain. Hdkfs. Kid and Sdfc Gloves. JOHN K. HUME, marchlO No. 57, College st Momnhi: For freight or passage, apply at the U S. Mail Office.. h!2 A. L-DAVIS. -ch T?OR 3IE3I PHIS. The U. S. MAIL if? PAGKET, EMBASSY, will leave Nash fbVMomnhis. on Monday, at 6 o'clock. " f