Newspaper Page Text
"WE OO WHERE DEMOC
RATIC PRINCIPLES POINT THE WAV; WHEX TliKY CEasp .
TO LEAD, WK CBA3B TO FOLLOW,"
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H 1811311 J-MY- MlBMfi, f IB 20, IsP"7'' -
tome h-mm i
r ..yor.vrj.v srxrixrL" u pubiish-
i fery Thursday morning, at Tuo Dollars per
Laura, pavable half yearly.
...i.L.rii.tiiin will be taken for a shorter
.Hol than six months ; an J no paper will be (
.14 UUJV"f I" .... I
fcicoutiuuej until all arrearages are f avl. A
. iw to notify a discontinuance at the expira
jn of tie terui subscribed for, will be consid
rtJ a new engagement.
ADVERTISKMFXTS will be inserted
; thefollowinj? rates: 50 cent per oquare for
it, firet instfrtion; 75 cents lor two insertions ;
f 1 fur three" iertioua ; and S3 cents per square
f.rTery subsequent insertion. A liberal reduc
i'ja aivle to those who advertise by the year.
42 aJrcrtijemenu handed in wust Lave thr
kivptr nam';er of insertions marked thereon,
'ruicy ill he published until forbidden, and
ir'jd in aocurdunco witu tuo aoove terms.
A'llctters and oommuiiieittious to insur
A;:euuon must lo yosi faul.
A. J. RHKY.
To .in'trew Jackson.
Too times invoke tnee, Vut i.wu u; . - - .
Cannot our peril call tbee from thy l.er ;
France vapours, and the puny arm of ra:n
liup to strike us: England give them cheer,
f alse tc the child that in her hour of feu
Must be her bulwark and her success, falu
Io prop the strength which even now duth ane
Swt these alone ; intestine broil delight i
Tie gapifg monarch, and our liberal she?
h rife with traitors. Now, while Lth u-.:te-kcrop
and Treason I would see oiw iire
llj dreadful courage lash iteelf to uiikhv,
fcLol J thee shake thy mane, and hear thy roai
Ad Interesting Document.
A recent number of the New York Kc-ralJ
kCUis4 a letter from Burnabn-i Bates, Eaq.,
A uatiriLg altoeat of postal reform, upon thc
illject of tie present enormous postage laws
ivB triucicut ctwspapcrs. Th ltetter is not
aljr important as to iu immadiate subject, but
KUUint matter of curious interest, that iiii
uiply rspay aa attentive perusal. After a few
crJ ia rtftreuce to tue wide spread complaints
iiicat lie present rates on newspapers, and
Wfwially on transient newspapers sent through
t taail, he goes on to say :
J'rom tk information rsceivtd fr.m several
ftsmhes of Congress, it ia certain that, at aa
ear! period of the uext sesaion, measures will
V taken t remedy the evils of the present law,
Ml ihat a rate, simple, unL'o-rm and cheap, will
WsJjptcl. Itia the intMiuon cf the Hon. Mr.
ir.uu, Senator from Calilurnia, to offer a reso-
UiijQ ca the first day of the session, instructing
t, Committee on IW Offices and Koads,
fcrspart a hill reducing the rates of postage on
iwlpttpera. The people of California feel the
fFssive effects f the present law in a pecu-
tar manner, and indeed, all the distant States,
tufelt to Le favored if possible, complain
if the intolerable burden of the present law.
Uiie this, the ratea are so complicated that
Went Postmaster in ten can easily tell what
-i'JSe e'uould Le cLnrgcd cn traui-nt r-s-
i'ftrs. katwJ of one unUurm rate thc present
ixposes at least se enty-two (72j rates on
': "pera, according to eilit, 8ize and d;3-
CtJcr the farmer law, a transient newspaper,
uy sire, would be sent to any Part of the
.utee, except California. f,r two cents:
ty the present law the Journal of Commerce
' Uuner and Enquirer will be charged fifteen
. prepaid, and if not prepaid, thirty cent,!
u has always been the policy of our govern-
l to make the postage on newspapers a
t . possible, and in this respect they set an
He to the world for fifty years. But we
retrogaded, and Great Britain far in ad-
. of u. respect to cheap postage on let-
4 newspapers. An intelligent friend in
ani writes thus :
London Times, a huge sheet wciKLiniI
'Hr'.v tVro. c . .' . b
ttree ounces, or as much as six letters of
e ;nff'. i.i . , . , .
.ngie legal rate, after;i has circulated
rouirh .o. i , . .
uusa several circles of r-Waflprc 5n
'polis frr.m o n r . , ' n
' ro,n 0 clock till 5. mav h r,nfd tr I
person residing in Manchester r,r r.m
vrovinctai ton. After having perused
fc;!owrt"P8lo'mt,i u 10 liis ne-ghbor8 "til thc
ItT'13 Teuin6'. te posts it to a friend at
Who iais " upon his table at breakfast.
If lmiJ U Pted an J reroeted for the space
nv'8 ' d-va- During that period it may be
itv fr0!a London t0 Aberdeen, and back
ilin 8tPIinS 0Ter nieb- be read in half a
Km. miermedi:ite town!' one hundred miles
:thlQ J b ,tnt abroad, it must be posted
8o. ou th iajr8 f it3 issuc from tnc PreKS
la'seu0 '?bUl day' U Comcs back to Lndon,
St Ze t0 k dieI'atcbcd t0 Scotia or
''wth'm D1"Witll0Ut tlie -"-J-tional charge of
rlO oq' ur thi 1 at the end of 8,000
,hl!te to h delivers il witl-out additional
aJUgh k e onlst to whom it is directed,
re.r9,ma7 Uve 500 miles from the coast.
uiiierem services ner-
Pon that , . .
- . voiUBsai Bneet lor one penny.
,!l0a!l not tlT ' 0gam and again why
,Lf-PDoif cltlzeDB of this Republic have as
Pap a" 8ubject8 of Queen Victoria?
itlin fift DW circu,atcl -"ree of postage
WnteoU.7'!11118 fr0m the place here they arc
m-ne 7 DOt 500 or 50? Su"ly our
cciw tJl Can afford t0 circulate information
k:K r,p! VPQ chssp terms ts Great
The Meeting of tho Waters.
Among the most tender and beautiful of the
Irih melodies i that koowu ai "Tue Meetixo
op the Watekb
In the Bummer cf 1R7
Moohe paid a visit to tlie vale of Avoca, in the
county of Wicklow, where the rivers Avon and
Avoca meet, a most lovely and mchnnting spot.
This vi.-it suggested the song which has since
been so wide a favorite, and which has associated
the vale of Avoca with all that is charming and
There is not In this wide world a valley so sweet
As that vale in whose boson the bright wutcis
Oh: the last rays of feeling r.nd life muft depart,
Ere the bloom of that vallev .-hail fide from my
Yet, it icui net thjt nature had shed o'er the sceue
Hev purest of chrystal and brigLtcht of green;
"l'was 7tot her sott magic of streamlet or hill,
OL! no, it v.-as something more exqui-site still.
'Twas that frieuds, the beloved of my bosom were
may evry uar scene of enchautrunt more
And wLo felt how tuo Lest charms of nature
When we sec them reflected frci lo3 that we
Sweet vule of Avoca: how elin could I reist
! Iu thy by.-:cm of shade, with the friends I lve
Where the etornm that w feel in this cold worlJ
And our hearts, like thy wurs, be mitigled in
The vale cf Avoca, thus xrade classic ground,
thousands have since visited ; and the tour;t (
.through Ireland would as s-jon think of ncglect-iu-
th laka of Killarney as "the vale. In whose
bosom the bright waters meet."
From among the many descriptions of thia
beautiful spot, we will select that given by an
American lady who visited Ireland, in Ifclo. It
is brief but eloquent. She says :
"It was Ireland's auminer twilight, lingering
lung, as though loth to draw the curtain closely
about a bright iele iu a dark world like this. It
wan early la July, the rich foliage had attained
I its maturity, and not a seared leaf was sprinkled
ou LubL or tre to wru lUnt HUtuam ,iear' For
rcaa waa fcmoolu ,-awM-
liued wilk trfce"' now mnJ theu a wLile ate Wlth
wLh 3toE -?illar"' t,Ieail'8 t0 some 1t cottftie
I cr a,naiu 5 tlie Rowing streaks of the setting
sun haJ uot lcft tLe wtsteru sk'. glimmered
thvouih trees- th ir fragraut
j b' tLe eeulle sbow,fr. ud through body and
j miud c-n-lls Lith seemed to whieper,
! " B -!ut; U is tLe Vle of Avoca -, ou are en"
' teri,i-" W -ie.cendca a declivity, and the vale
i i " tL Meetitg of the Watirs."
i TLe trte uader wLkh Moore sat wLea Le vrote
lhe 6fret f0"1' h'J Leen Pted out to me in
! the morillli- w Uo,r ttood the un-" ol
, tLe two fctl'eI-lfl. ar0 s.
! "There is not in the wide world a valley so sweet,
! As tha vale in whoe bosom the lright waters
The rlch ,,rictv of wood ; the still, clear, limped
water; the hill and vale in gljmc part8 dark aud
Kifle in 0lh,rrt ligllt RuJ oftt cvtr and anon re.
I Ueving the eye by some new varietv ; but above
all the pUf,SHnt associatif,n that vale Low.
eTer dlirk Rml d,.cp it, recCHSC;jj harV(OM not a
I vcli0ln0U9 Berpllt or reptile-no, not even the
j buzz of th? ra0,iuit0 is hesrd-made it unlike all
other?. We rodc ,hree , uttef.
tt aWe r11 the whil a ho,v seomcd to
re,t cn Mr httlo.d 8pot, wbcil it fir,t
j bi00med under the hand of its Maker, andimagi-
j nation wa9 pr0D1 t to as no sc t has ever
., , , - . , ,
' ' e U,uch of sin has
I not left its impres8.
i .... . T , t ,
,4ever did I leave a prot more reluctantly;
.. . w . . f , r , , - J
it was a night scene which never has faded from
- 5 eyes and I Lope never will.
J J 1
"Oh! thc last rays of feeling arfd life must depart,
x.re tne bloom ot mat valley snail laae irom my
" In the deep silence, the voice of God and the
soft whisper of angels seemed to be there.
Their voices said kindly, 4 There is mercy yet for
poor erring man. It appeared like thc bow of
the covenant, telling us to look and remember
that though this world has been nursed by sin,
yet a new heaven and earth has been promised,
of which this is a shadowy resemblance.
" The borders of this valley are interspersed
with gentlemen's 6eats, and here and there dotted
with thc white-washed cottages of the peasants;
and the rich cluster of foliage upon the hill sides,
upon bush and tree, almost persuaded you that
the dew of llermon has fallen upon them. Stran
ger, when you visit Ireland, visit the Vale of
Avoca. If you love God, here you will eee him
in a picture that must be read ; if you etay to be
limited, waste it not in decyphering a time-defaced
stone, telling the bloody deeds of some an
cient warrior, or the austerity of some long-lived
ascetic; but linger in this spot; stop at the neat
little hotel erected on purpose for the accommo
dation of the stranger ; and morning, noon and
night explore its never-dying beauties of light
and shade. Three times did I go through, and
when I tumod away, I felt that
"I 9old stay there frsr i wander and wep."'
Passing: tufoiigh an I?ctM?rff.
Extrnct from a Journal kept by a .Seaman who
served in the Artie Expedition of ISoO 51.
Scndat, June SO, 1851. Moored to an ice
berg, weather calm, sky cloudless, and "beau
tifully blue ;" surrounded by a vast number of
stupendous bergs, glittering beneath the reful
gent rays of a mid-day sun.
A great portion of the crew had gone on shore I
to gather the eggs or the wild a bird that
frequent the lonely ico-bound precipices of
Baffin's Bay, while thos onboard had retired to
rest, wearied with the harrnssing toils of the
To me, walking the deck and alone, all nature
seemed hushed to universal repose. While thus
contemplating the stillness of the monotonous
scene around me, I observed in the offing a
large iceberg completely perforated, exhibiting
in the distance an arch, or tunnel, apparently
so uniform in its conformation that I was induced
to cull two of the scrunen to look at it, at the
s:me time telling them that I had never read or
1 1 t m
neara oi auv r Car Arctic voroerers tassin" !
tut'Ouu one Of those arches so frequently seen
through large bcrg3, and that there would be a
novelty in doing so, and if they choose to ac
company me I would get permission to take the
dingy fa small boat,) and endeavor to accom
plish . the unprecedented feat. They readily
agreed, and away we went.
On nearing the arch, and ascertaining that
there was a sufficiency of water fur the boat to
pass through, we rowed siowly and silently un
der, when there burst upon our view one of thc
I most magnificent ppecime-ns of nature's handy
; work ever exhibited to mortal eye; the sublimity
j and grandeur of which no language can des
cribe no imagination conceive.
Fancy an immense arch of SO feet span, 50
j feet high, and upwards of 100 in breadth as
correct in its conformation aa if it had been
constructed by the most scientific arti9t formed
of solid ice of a beautiful emerald green, its
whole expanse of surface smoother than the
most polished alabaster, and you may form sorse
slight conception of the achitectural beauties of
this icy temple, the wonderful workmanship of
time and the elements.
When we had got about halfway through the
mighty structure, on looking upward I observed
that the berg was split the whole breadth of the
arch, and iu a perpendicular direction to the
summit, showing two vertical sections of regu
lar surfaces, "Jarkly, deeply, beautifully blue,"
here and there illumined by an arctic sun which
darted its golden rays between, presenting to
the eye a picture of etherial grandeur which no
p.oet could describe, no painter portray. I was
so enraptured with the sight that for a moment
I fancied the "blue vault of heaven" had open- i Horrible Cruelty of n Slcp-JIotuer.
ed, a.d that I actually gazed on the celestial The Illinois State Democrat furnishes a syn
splendor of a world beyond this. But alas! in ' opsis of the evidence given in the trial of a man
an instant the ecene changed, aud I awoke as it ! and his wife, upon a charge of manslaughter,
were from a delightful dream to experience all .
the horrors of a terrible reality. I observed !
tue tracture rapntiy close, men again slowly .
open. inis siupenuous mas oi ice, minions oi ,
tons in weight, was afloat, consequently in mo- j
tion, and apparently about to lose its equilibri-
um, capsize, or burst into fragments. Our po- j
itin was truly awful; my feelings at the mo-
ment may be conceived, but cannot be described, j
I looked downward and aromnl we; the sight i
was equally appalling; the very sea seemed
agitated. I at last shut my eyes from a scene
so terrible, the men at the oars as if by instinct
"gave way," and our little craft swiftly glided
beneath the gigantic mass.
We then rowed round the berg, keeping at a
respectable distance from it, in order to judge
of its magnitude. I supposed it to be about a
mile. in circumference, and its highest pinaclc
Thus cuded an excursion, the bare recollec
tion of which at this moment awakens in me a
shudder, nevertheless, I would not have lost the
opportunity of witnessing a scene so awfully
sublime, eo tragically grand, for thousands ster
ling, but I would not again run such a risk for
We passed through the berg about 2 P. M.,
and at 10 o'clock the same night it burst, agi
tating the sea for miles around.
I may also observe that tbfr two men who
were with me in the boat did not observe that
the berg was rent until I told them, after we
were out of danger, we having agreed previously
to entering the arch, not to speak a word to
each other, lest echo itself should disturb the
N. B. Arctic voyagers differ as to what por
tion of an iceberg ia under water. Some say
one-fifth; some one-seventh; some more. I
refer the reader to the works of Ross and Parry
as the best authorities.
Pesnsylyamans in luck. In addition to the
election of John Biglerof this State as Governor
of California, we note the election of Robert
McClelland, Esq., formerly of Chambersburg,
as Governor of Michigan; and the election of
Edward Johnston, Esq., formerly of Westmore
land county, and a brother of Wm. F. Johnston,
our present worthy Governor, as one of the
Puprama Bench of Iowa.
A Good Story.
TLere hved lately in one of the mountainous
countries or Western Virginia many Dutchmen,
and, among them, one named Henry Snyder
and there were likewise two brothers, called
George and Jake Fulwiler-they were all rich
and each owned u mill. Henry Snyder was
subject to fits of derangement, but they were not
of aach a nature as to render him dangerous to
anyone. H0 merely conceived him-tf !,
the Suprem w f thc Cnlv.f af- wWle
under tie infatuation, had himself a throne built,
on which he sat to try the cose of all who offen
ded hiui, and passed them off to heaven or hrll,
as his humor prompted he personating both
Judge and culprit.
It happened one day that some difficulty oc
curred between Henry Snyder and the Fulwilers,
on account of their mills; when, to be avenged,
Henry buyder took along with him a book in
which he recorded his judgments, and mounted
Lis throne io try their causes. He was heard
to pass the following judgments.
Having prepared himself, (acting as Judge
and yet responded for the accused.' h raii
'Shorgt Fulwiler, stand up.
been doin in dis lower world 5!"
What hash you
"Ah! Io) t, I does not know."
Well, Shorge Fulwiler, hasn't you get a
"Yes, Iort, I hash."
" Well, Shorgc Fulwiler, did you never take
too much toll ?"
" Yes, Lort, I hash when der water was low,
and miec stones wash dull, I take a lectle too
"Wei, den, Shorge Fulwiler, you must go te
der left, mid der goats."
"We'd, Shake Fulwiler, now you stand up.
What ytu been doin in dis lower world?"
The trial proceeded precisely like the former,
and with the same result.
"Xow I tries minetelf. Henry Snyder! Hen
ry Snyder! stand up. What hash you been
doin in dis lower world?"
"Ah! Lort, I does not know."
"Well, Henry Snyder, hasn't you got a mill?"
"Yes, Lort, I hash."
"Well, Henry Snyder, didn't you never take
too much toll?"
" Yes, Lort, I hash when der water was low,
and mien stones waeh dull, I hash takes a lectle
too much toll."
"But, Henry Snyder, vat did you do wit der
"Ah ! Lort, I give to the poor."
(Pausing.) " Well, Henry Snyder, you must
go to der rijht mid der sheep; tut it t a tarn
committed upon thc person of a little girl only
five years of age, the daughter of the man by a i
former wife. A more revolting series or harba-
rities has never betore come to our Knowledge,
and, we hope, never will again,
u nppear8 that he married again in about
three veeka &ter the deatlj of first wife at
whkh t-me Olley, the child alluded to, was about
fiTe yeftrs oldf and remarkable sprightly and
heaUh xjg waa about eighteen months ago.
s , marriace the new wife confined
the little girl in thc kitchen, and there kept her
most of the time tied, and without fire. In this
eituntion she was forced to remain up to the
time of her death; having no food allowed her
except half a pint of coffee or milk and a pieoe
of cold corn bread each day.
No bed was allowed her in any weather fur
ther than a single scanty quilt. This fiendish
woman often amused herself by beating thc
child in the most outrageous manner, and on
one occasion compelled another child to choke
her until Bhe was black in the face. She con
tinually forced her to eat rotten fruit and vege
tables of various kinds, together with other filth
which it would not be seemly for us to describe.
Sometimes she would fasten thc little creature
unker the kitchen floor and leave her there for
hours. Other details were given, which are too
shocking for publication. The poor little suf
ferer often wished, herself dead.
. On one occasion she escaped from the kitchen
and was seen trying to climb a pole which stood
in the yard. Upon being asked where she was
going, she replied that she was going up to thc
other world to see her mother. The heartless
step-mother ordered her down with curses, and j
the trembling little creature fell, in her weak
ness, her head striking violently against tho
wall of the house.
This chapter of merciless inflictions upon a
helpless infant was at last terminated by the
sufferer being poisoned to death with opium,
given her in large quantities by her diabolical
The jury found the woman guilty of man-
slaughter, and 6he was sentenced to two years juror and judge in an important trial. It may
service in the State's Trison. Her husband was be that the result will involve the censure of our
acquitted. He, it seems, sometimes remonstra- . national Executive, and not Mr. Owen ; or it
ted with his wife for her cruelty but never had . may be that they will both fall under cendem
tha coursge t arrest it. I nation. Ltt Juatic be dona l"
A .ew Cure Tor Consumption.
We find the following statements in the Mobile
Herald and Tribune, and if substantiated, the
discovery will bo invaluable, especially in this
section of the country. We regret that the
quantity of medicine to be administered at a
dose is not given:
"In the first number of the New Orleans
Monthly Medical Register, which we noticed a
few days ago, we find an article by Professor
Stnn on the virtues of " Phosphate of Lime in
Scrofula and other depraved states of the sys
tem," which is of some moment. It was sug
gested by an essay in the Loudon Lancet, on
the "physiology aud pathology of the oxalate
and phosphate of lime, and their relation to the
formation of cells."
"The conclusions of the author," says Pro
fessor Stone, "are based upon careful chemical
research and results from the use of the remedy.
His researches show that ia man, as well as in
vegetables and inferior animals, phosphate of
lime as well as albumen aud fat is absolutely
essential for the formation of cells, and he con- j
siders that many of the pathological states of
the system depend upon a deficiency of this salt.
Thc affections in which it is advised are ulcer
ations dependent upon a general dyscrasia, and
not a mere local affection; infantile atrophy, in
those suffering from rickets and consequent di
arrhoea and tuberculous diseases, particularly
of thc lungs in the early stages."
Struck, by this article, Prof. Stone tested it,
and he thus describes three cases in which its
virtues were very obvious. The first was that
of a slave, who was admitted to the Trofessor'a
Infirmary in Jely, with a disease of tne nose,
the whole system Bhowing great progress in i
scrofulous decay. The usual remedies were un
successfully applied until August, when cod
liver oil was used, but the disorganization of the
stomach was increased by it. The phosphate of !
lime was then applied eight grains three times
a day. Its good effects were soon apparent. It
and the oil were therefore administered togeth
er, and thc patient soon was restored to health.
The second case is that of a young Lady aged
twenty-four. Her disease was one of "unmixed
phthisis, which might have been expected to
terminate in the course of a few months" fa
tally. Th upper purt of both her lunge was J
filled with tubercles, and in some places were '
beginning to soften. The case was evidently a j
bad one. The treatment of cod liver oil was at j
fret used, but without marked improvement. :
The phosphate of lime was then administered I
with tho oil, and the result, as in the ease of j
the negro, was soon apparent. The patient was j
rapidly getting well. i
The third case was that of a child seven years
of age, in which the phosphate af lime was used i
with complete success. j
We can only refer briefly to these cases for .
the purpose of directing attention to thc subject.
Before the dreadful diseases which they describe.
scientific men have stood abashed. That there
is gon)a remedy for them
e can hardly doubt;
Rnd tllis ma if a new thing, be the desideratum :
which science is in search of.
The "Black Swan."
The debut of this ebon songstress is thus no
ticed in the Bufl'alo Express: ;
"The Black Swan Concert occurred last eve- t
niug, and it certainly was a remarkable event, j
in many respects. On Monday, Parodi, in all j
her splendour, sustained by Patti and Strakosch,
sang at Townsend Hall, to half a house. Last
eight, Miss Greenfield sang at the earns place to
a crowded house of the respectable, cultivated
and fashionable people of thc city. Jenny Lind
has never drawn a better house, as to character,
than that which listened, with evident satisfac
tion, to this unheralded and almost unknown
African nightingale. Curiosity did something
for her, but not all. She hag merit very great
merit and with cultivation, 6he will rank among
the very first Tocalists of the age. She has a
voice of great sweetness and power, with a
wider range from the lowest to highest notes
than we have ever listened to; flexibility is not
wanting, and her control of it is beyond exam
ple for a new and untaught vocalist. Her per
formance was received with marked approba
tion and applause, from those who know what
Mr. Consul Owen in his note to the Savannah
( Republicanf published by us some days since,
(says the Pennsylvanian,) asks to be heard fully
in his own defence, saying that while he seeks
nothing from any one's mercy, he has a right to
: justice. Upon this thc Washington Telegraph
remarks that the " request is reasonable, and
both mercy and justice unite in demanding a
compliance with it. The sentiments of horror
and indignation have boen spontaneously ex
pressed by the American peojde at the offences
of which he is alleged to be guilty; now let
these fleeliugs bo silenced as respects the ac
cused, and let every American feel that he is a
The Climate of Oretrnn.
A New England farmer would be thrown Into
tho greatest alarm at the prospect of a aummer
without rain; but in Oregon "they do these
things differently." There a rain storm durinr
the aummer months would be deprecated as dis
astrous to the crops, and would be deemed al
most as untimely as a fall of snow in August
would be among us. The following extract from
an article in the Oregon Times of Ausuat 7tk.
published at Portland in that territory, says:
e aro now lu the midst of wbat ia
the 'dry season,' with every dar nearlv alike,
The farmers are now reaping their waving field
ot grain, never rearing any sudden showers of
rain to impede or destroy their, well-directed
labor. Thc harvc
most abundant notwithstanding so many of
our people went to the mines last Winter and
Spring, there will be a large surplus of produce,
after supplying the home market. Pcoplo In
the States, who are accustomed to having rata
and sunshine on the same day during the Sum
mer season, perhaps will wonder how this cam
be on agricultural country, without much raia
for four months in the Summer. But there
appears to be a fitness of things in all this.
The composition of our soil is peculiarly
adapted to our climate. We are informed by
an intelligent farmer, who has spent thre
years in Oregon farming, that the soil ia of suck
a nature that the ezhsilaricn of mo; s tux a sup
plies in the dry season, the absence of rain
and that if rain were to fall copiously in sum
mer, it would be an injury to vegetation, instead
of a benefit. Ho giveg Oregon the decided
preference over the States for agricultural pur
poses. The grain and other products of our
soil is well cured, never getting spoiled by must
or rot, and contains more solid substance, from
having grown beneath the mild and genial rays
of the summer's sun. For grazing, Oregon can
not be surpassed as her fat herds of cattle and
flocks of sheep bear ample testimony."
The Great Exhibit lou iu the United
An advertisement appears in all the leading
London papers, signed C. Bushck and Edward
Riddle, in which it is announced that arrange
ments have been made for an exhibition of all
nations at Nw York the exhibition to open on
the loth of April, and all goods to arrive by the
1st of March. It is stated that arrangement
have been made for the erection of a building
on an extensive scale, in a central situation,
and which, when completed, will be mado a
bonded warehouse for the period of the exhibi
tion four months. The advertisement coa
"The goods will be conveyed from London ia
first class vessel, and all charges, freight, in
surance, Ac, advanced, eo that no outlay of
money on thc part of the exhibitors will be re
quired. The goods will be exhibited with the pricea
attached, end, when disposed of, remit unces
will be promptly forwarded. Should any goods
remain unsold, at the close of the exhibition,
they will be returned to the exhibitors free of
all expense. Works of art, including paintings,
will be admitted.
Thc leadiug exhibitors of continental nations
have already cordially co-operated in this un
dertaking, and the undersigned feel assured
that it is only necessary to make the project
known to the artists and manufacturers of Great
Britain in order to obtain for it their hearty
Mr. Bushek was the Austrian Commissioner
of the London exhibition, and Mr. Riddle the
American Commissioner. The two represent a
Company, and they are to have the whole manage
ment of the affair.
This day, (Nov. 4,) sixty-nine years ago, a
party of Adventurers from the eastern States,
after a long and toilsome journey, descended
the Ohio river, and encamped upon tho spot
where Newport Barracks now stands. They
there separated for the several " stations " in
Kentucky, and turned their steps throngh tha
wilderness, first pledging each other, in a spirit
that may be termed as propheticallj romantic
to meet upon the same spot or such of them
as might survive, in fifty years from that day.
This agreement was made on the 4th day oi
In the year 182, on tho 4th day of November,
precisely fifty years after the time of agreement,
four cf the old band met upon the spot to fulfil
their promise. The cholera was then prevailing
in this city, and, in consequence, there was no
public demonstration, but the old patriarchs
were brought across the river and kindly enter
tained by our citizens at Gamson's Exchange,
and received all the attentions that could be ex
pected in times so full of melancholy, gloom and
Oue of them was over ninety years of age, tha
rest were under three score and ten. After re
maining a few days, they turned their etepa
homeward not through a wilderness at they
did a half hundred years before, but through
scenes of busy life, and hum of industrial mil
lions ; nor did they promise another meeting,
as that was an event fixed by a. Higher Will;
and it hit takes rh:! They r all deal!