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1 kKj cinder ai & Brnttntl. V. I. 3IURR4Y, Editor. I. C ZA1I3I, Publisher. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 2, 1859. ii . S. 31. ettcnsrlll & Co.. Advertising Agents, 119 Nassau Street, New lors, ami iu Mate street, uoston, are we au thorized Agents for the "Democrat & Sexti tin. " anil tha'mnt infliifnfinl and IjirffCst cirCU- iiiiu iM'wsjmpers III me ciiik" ana Can ad as. Ihey are empowered to coniraci lor us at our lowest terms. and Arch .Streets, 2dstoiy, Philadelphia, is duly Ruthorii3a to contract lor advertising ana suo- scription for the Df.micrat & Sentinel. Trial or llrown the Leader or the Harper's Ferry Conspirators. The trial of Brown commenced at Charles town, the county seat of Jefferson county Vir . . , ' , , . ' nnia. on last lhursdav. Ibo indictment charges him first, with insurrection; secondly witn treason: tniruty. wuu murucr. vu ue ing brought into court, he took occasion to express the belief he entertained, that he would not receive a fair trial lie stated that he had not employed any Counsel and teemed unwilling at first, that th6 Court should assign mm any. it was however nnai ly arranged, that Messrs. Green and liotts, should act as his Counsel. lie said that be was not insane at the commencement of, or during the insurrection, and therefore desir ed that such a plea should not be urged in his behalf. The Jury having been sworn, he pleaded not guilty. Mr. Harding the District Attorney then stated the fact to nf tho case to the Jury, and read the law of Treason in the State of Virginia, which provides, that levying war against the State giving comfort to its enemies, or establishing any other gov- ernment within ild limits, are punishable! with death. The murder of a citizen is pun- iehable with death. The advising of a slave certainly, justly claim to be that which is ex to produce insurrection is also a capital of- tremely rare at the present time a candid fence. After the Counsel for the wisoner iad made some able remarks coucernins the law affecting the case, the District Attorney proceeded to call the witnesses on behalf of Commonwealth. The testimony thus far does not differ in the slightest degree, from the account of the insurrection published in the Newspapers at the time. On Thursday afternoon. Mr. Green one of the Counsel for the prisoner, informed the court that he had jaat received a telegraphic despatch from publicans, contributed not a little towards en m i i ni.:,. - -. : n i r . i. I - i. . , .... wievciaiiu, vsuiu, eisuug iuav vyuuunvi iuf mr prisoner "were coming," and asked the' court to adjourn until morning, in order to afford the new Counsel opportunity to cross exam- ine the witnesses. Tho court refused to ad- iu uauai uuur. iuu tccnujouj ui uuuuais- tadt, a farmer and slaveholder near Harper's Ferry, although brief, gives a correct insight in to tho designs of Jirown in commencing the insurrectionj and we therefore publish it. John Alstadt, sworn On Monday morning about 3 o'clock, I was aroused from sleep by a noise at the door, I asked who was at the door; the reply was. "get up quick, or we will burn you up," I asked what they intend ed to do; thoy said, "To free the country of slavery;" they told they were goiug to take mc to Harper's Ferry; I dressud myself, and wheu I got to the door I found they had all my blacks, seven in number; we were all put in to a wagon; the negroes were then armed with pikes; all the men who arrested us were arm ed; we went to the aiuiory yard; where I was put' in charge of one of Brown's party; we wero afterwards ordered into the watch-house and saw Col Washington there; Brown came and spoke to us about our getting two negroes to take our place, and he then would release us: nothing - further was said about that; Brown's rifle was cocked all the time; the negroes were placed in the watch house with 6pear8 iu their hands; the slaves showed no disposition to use them; witness was after wards transfered to the engine house; several negroes were there; saw "Phil" making port holes by Brown's orders; the other negroes doing nothing, and had dropped their spears sc&e, of them were asleep" nearly all the time (Taughter;) when the marines made the as sault, Brown's party took a position behind the engine house, and aimed at the door; Brown was in front, equating, be aimed at the marines, and my opinion is that he killed the marine. Geo. W. Iloyt, Eq., a young Lawyer of Boston, araived in Charlestown on Friday morning, for the purpose of acting as coun sel for Brown. He did not immediately take part in tho case. The constitution of the "provisional government" was laid before the Jury. Also a number of letters found in the possession of Brown. Letters from Gerrct Smith, Joshua 11. Giddings and other promi nent abolition leaders were read. The teste mony for the Prosecution closed on Friday af ternoon . Several witni ses who had been priso ners of Brown during the insurrection, were called by the defence for the purpose of pro viug that whilw iu ctody, they were treated with humanity. Several witnesses having been called for the defence who did not answer, Browu arose and stated to the Court, "that he thought a fair trial was not given him," and that he believed bis counsel were n-ot true to him, that counsel on whom he coold rely, would arrive the next day, and reques ted the Court to adjourn until morning. I After eome farther discussicn 51 r. Hunter, J one of the counsel for the Commonwealth said : I do not arise for th nnrnnse of rrntrr- j- j- - - - - ting tbe argument or interposing the slight est impediment in anv wav to a fair trial. This whether promised to Brown or not, is guaranteed by our laws, to every prisoner, and so far as am concerned, I hare studi ously avoided suggesting anything to the Couit that would in the slightest degree in terfere with it. I beg leave to say, in refer ence to this application, that 1 supposed tbe Court, even under these circumstances, will have to be satisfied in some wav. through the o counsel or otherwise, that this testimony is material tetinionv. So far as anv witness has been examined the evidence relates to the conduct of Capt. Brown, in treating his pris oners with lenit7. resnect. and courtesv. and t j tbis additional matter, that his Hags of truce, if you choose to regard them so. were not re spected by the citizens, but some of his men I WCT were snot. It tbe defence choose to take i mat wuisc, ito uc jci ictiijr wtiuug 10 aUUlll i these lacts in any form they desire. Uuless which. I have no doubt, is everv narticle of it here that could be got. is really material to the uelence, l submit that tbe application tor delay on that ground ou-iht not to be granted. Some of these witnesses have been here and miffht have been asked to remain A host of witnesses on our side have hen here and gone away without being called on ....:r t i .i r i I cc in justice to the Commonwealth which has in justice to me ommonweaun wuicn has cri ..:.- na tu .!,:.. I formation be given to the Court showing what o - o additional testimony is relevant to the issno i ne simple statement ot the counsel I do not tning wouiu De sumcieut. Messrs. Green & Botts, then stated that in consequence of the remarks of the prisoner, they withdrew from the case, and would take no further part in its management. The Court then adjourned. The repeatad efforts of Brown to postpone the case created . fears in the minds of many citizens of Charlestown, that a rescue would be attempted. On Sat urday morning Samuel Charlton of Wash ington City, and Henry Griswold of Cleave- i . . . ,aod appeared, and were qualified as counsel 100 tne prisoners. After calling and exam- ,D1D several witnesses, the testimony for the defence closed, and the Court adjourned until Monday. 1 bo argument of the case corn- natneed on Monday mornitg Rfniililiran Trtiiinnnv The Editor of the Tyrone Star, can now Renubliean. Tn the Uaf. ntiMiKr nf a na tier, be acknowledges that the insnrrnr .nn t. & s - - Harper's Ferry was an attempt to over-throw tho Government, which had been maturing for years, and that Brown and his followers were urged on and encourard in their trea- sonable eotemrize. bv Gerret Smith nd nth. er Dromioeut Abolition loadra. TTa oln knowledges that tbe doctrines promulgated bv Senator Seward d other distinrriiichArl T?. couraging tne uura iVDouuomsts in planning and attempting to suscessfully carryout this insurrection. There can be no doubt, that when Urown commenced oncratiens at TTnfnor'a Trr I -i - - - - J' S. . H S-l I J j he anticipated that it would terminate in a j-r i - .... umereut manner irom that in which it did. He acknowledged to Governor Wise, that he expected large reinforcements from differ States, and that he had a sufficient number of Rifles Spears &c, in his possession, for arming 2000 men. He expected that the Slaves in Virginia and Maryland would at once rebel against their masters, that the in surrection would soon extend to all the South ern States, and that the St. Domingo Trage dy with all its horrors, would be rean acted. HiQjpily for the country, the Slaves were not willing to play the part assigned them. Con scqucstlj the rebellion wa3 put down with out any difficulty, and Brown is now on trial before a Jury of his countrymen, charged with the highest crimes, that a human being is capable of committing He is a Traitor and a Murderer, and we sincerely hope be will not escape the punishment which his deep guilt merits. But what shall we say of such men as Gerret Smith. Giddings and Fred. Douglas, who gave Brown "aid and comfort" in his treasonable enterprize. but who kept at a respectable distance when the time for action hal arrived? As traitors, they are bis equal But in one respect they are his inferiors; be is a brave man, they are cow ards. In order to show our rea lers the tone of the article in the Star, we clip the following ex tract from it : "This attempt was unsuccessful, Dot be cause it was premature, but because they mistook the elements with which thev had to deal. The slaves did not rush to their sup port as they anticipated, and in stead of have mg a thousand arme dnegroes at their backs, with hourly augmenting numbers, with which they could march Southward and light the fires of rebellion, they found themselves a lone and unassisted, and crushed out after a few hours of feeble resistance. That this was a preconcerted movement, and not mere ly the freak of a madman is proven, besides the documentary evidence found with Brown, by the cautionary letter written to Secretary Floyd mouths ago, and by Smith's letter to the Jerry Rescue Celebration, in which he predicts this very attempt, saying at the same time, that telegraps aDd railroads could be rendered useless in a moment ; that the whole South would be paralyzed and horror stricken the moment the blow was struck that they would make but a feeble resistance to the uprising of their slaves ; but that their whole aim would be to hurry their wives and daughters from the inevitable fate that ed them These are not Gerrefc Kmiti.'. words, but the substance of them. What was at that time considered the blustering of J .i:.:: . t . " DCCUllUg V! reality. But Mr. Smith Las uot proven to wau iiuuiuiuuiH. uas now a Bcniiu nF h PVPTl f ho snn nf n nrnnht ' I h cor. vile population did not rise the telegraphs and railroads did their duty the citizens of the couth did not run terror-stricken away and had it not been for the blood shed, the rebellion would have proved a farce. We are free to admit, that, in our opinion, speeches such as that made by Senator Sew ard at Rochester, go far towards fostering and building up the Abolition sentiment. We do not believe that the able Senator him self, endorses in his heart ' -wfiat his lips, for the sake of "buncombe," said about the "ir repressible eonflict" between the free States and the slave State3. But-' we1 will not dis cuss that question now. We will only say that such speeches as the Rochester speech, whilst they do no good, go far towards em bittering both sections of our Country; and banging on that 'conflict" which it sdould be the aim of every "good citizen to avoid. JST "I called around, Mr. Editor," said Mordicai to us on last Saturday, "I called around to see the Mountain Cricket Club play ing a tew days ago. I was very much pleas ed with the game, but I think the fellows who hold the paddles, or whatever you call them, occupy positions which every good man must condemn. " "Why Mordicai"? we asked. "Because he answered, it is the duty of both, to protect tie wicked(wicket.")"Mor dicai," said we, "I think thaet.is a very .flat pun." "That may be all trucfxMr Editor," he replied, "but if you are in the habit of perusing the column headed "Editorial No tmgs" in the Allegfianian. you know as well as I do, that flat things arenot only said, but actually get into print now a days. "That is very true Mordicai," we answered, "and I must confess, that the sayings of Damphool have goue far towards shaking my belief in the assertion of Shakspear, that there is noth ing in a name." Do you know Mr. Editor" said Mordicai, "that Bitters and Damphool are brothers? Damphool is th6 surname of the family. The youngest of the two was nicknamed Bitters by his friends a number of years ago, because he was in the habit of al ways taking several. Nips before breakfast a practice to which he still religiously adheres. So you see, Mr. Editor, thaflhey are broth ers and both Damphools. suspected as much Mordicai for some time. "we answered. "There is certainly a strong family resem blance between them." "Mordicai" we con tinued, "if we may credit the Editor of the A.ue3haman, Bitters says you are better at taking a Nip with your friends than you are at treating them." " 'Tis a vileslander Mr. Editor," said Mordicai, "bat inasmuch as Bitters is a particular friend of mine. I wont quarrel with him about it. Mr. Editor," con tinued the old gentleman, '.'although I am not much of a scholar, I think no man can say or write any thing gracefully unless it is natural and not far fetched. 7 If it disnlavs premeditation and a desperate determination on the part of the talker or writer to be witty or smart in spite of nature and his stars, it U absolutely disgusting Th . " w -Ja b. danger of nvr rJn!nr v: .l. ' 0- o "J i"ese matters. A fool is often shnwincr M fr.n is folly when he thinks he is playing the part of a witty or wise man." That is all true Mor dicai," we replied, "and your observations remind me of Hudibras' saying that, "r oo!s are known by looking 'vise, As men find woodcocks by their eves." "Mr. Editor" said Mordicai, "let us step over to Isaac's "and take a Nip or if you are not busy, we'll walk up to Whissel's. He keeps a superior article of small beer. Bitters and I drank several bottles of it the other night Its a wholesome beverage and wont intoxi cate." "Thank you Mordicai," we answer ed, "lam not- thircfw incf nnm tTT!1 " , . . jujwMwn. II Cll, said Mordicai, "I am, Mr. Editor, so good bye I'll call to see you again in a few days " JtW Last Monday night was Hollow eve, or Halloween, as Burns calls it, and of course theVhoys of our town were around for several hours after the "old folks" had retired to rest. They however behaved themselves remarka bly well under the circumstances. They amused themselves by barricading the Di motd with store boxes, wagons, &c,. and several signs were removed, ; As the rising generation must and will have a little fun oc casionally, it dont do to be too severe on them on occasions of this kind. Mordicai is of the opinion, that none but old women in breeches, grumble at the good matured tricks of Young America on Halloween. He thinks however, that it would be much better for tbem if they were asleep in their beds, instead of making uight hideous with their noise. BDr. D. T. Storm, our ' newly elected County Commissioner, ias already entered on the discharge of the duties of the office. As a business man he has few superiors in the County, and is possessed of both integri ty and strong practical common sen se. the es sential constituents of a model county com missioner. The board now consists of John Bearer of Susquehanna tp., Abel Lloyd of Cambria tp., and Dr. D T. Storm of Itich land tp. J t mtm .ii ' 5 23?" Our enterprizing friend, Mr.'A. A. Barker, has just received and opened an ex tensive and well selected stock of Dry Goods, Groceries, &c, in bis store-room on High street. Barker is famou for keeping'good articles and selling them cheap... and. we are certain those of our friends who visit his es tablishment with tho expectation of cettin? good bargains, will not leave disappointed. He has also for sale, a large , assortment of ready made Clothing. 1ST" A shock of Earthquake was felt in a portion of Maine and Canada last Friday. 3T We will feel under obligations t those of our friends in the country, who will send us ac account of any event worthy of no tice that may occur in the neighborhood in which they reside. - mtm C?-A young Miss, named Sarah Jane Johnston, was recently arrested in Detroit, for stealing five dollars from one lover, to pay the Clergyman's charge for marrying her to another. C7 A large Bear was shot by Mr. Samuel Tibbott on last Saturday, near the Farm of James Myers, about one mile south of this place. J3T A bill has been introduced into the Tennessee Legislature, to prevent free Ne groes travelling on the Railroads of that State. Tub Iron City Collkge, of Pitssburg, Pa drew first Piemiums for best Business Wri ting, at the Stato Fair at Philadelphia, Sep tember, 1859, over the Commercial Schools at the East. The superiority of the Pen- IliaUS II in Ot tllia I n.tll lltmn hac linan Ql.-nrn7l 1 . . a r , - "s-s-u "s-uust. . edged at the principal Fairs of the United States, for the last four years. Pittsburgh M Press. Lyceum. The question for discussion at the Lyceum on next Friday evening is- Jiesdved. That the love of nationality as manifested by some of our adopted citizens; is inconsistaut with the genius of our gov- ernment. r -mtm EST IU. Thomas Jones, formerly a res- ident ot Jackson township, died in Johns- a. a 1 Ti.t 1. m town on me utn uit. The deceased poses sed many good qualities both of mind and heart, and numbered many sincera friends a mong the citizens of this place. His remains . , , ...... , were interred in the Beulah Burying ground on last Friday. No farther seek his merits to disclose, Or drw his frailities from their dread abode ; (There they, alike, in trembling hope repose ;) The bosom of his Father and his God. The Mission or the Xenspaper. There is probably no one fact ally received as truth, than that the charac ter of a community is evidenced by the prom inent characteristic of its npwsnanop If the press possesses life, energy, prominence j auu me elements ot progress, they are the re flections of the people who sustain h. If the people possess industry, integrity and busi- u auauueauons. they may be safely infer- Wilmingion, Del , Oct -The exnlo red from the DrosDentv and stan.lin i : r r .-r 1 ne exP'os local nresa i j "uPoni 8 vder 3Iills, on the Bran- tL ;mnnn, e .Li i dJw,Qe. yesterday, occured while the men in The importance of sustaining the local the lower or Hagley yard were employed press is not properly considered by those hav- loading dust at theVess roll t 7b-3 log an interest iu the advancement of this ed to one of the ith? mill convey new settl,d country. All tho anticipation of ofher proceL A on h r l f , ?g cealed lathe womb of tuturity, ate dependent the press room blew up with a loud crkh unbroken nlains nf th n '. m,oute or tw later the fflaziu- roon. went j - icuu forth your messengers, bearing t.h tui;nn.B r.U r" : " . ' ""ak. "KUU I xt L ' V .. ..'"-0 tvKK Ua k "k! : -7' ,u : It should require no argument to convince I the people of Iowa, that A extensive circula- ' tion of the newspapers published in the State, ! throughout the easter nutates, is the sures't means of inducing immigration. The 6rst j thing to be attended to, is to give a generous and liberal home support to the local cress A dollar invested JShi. purpose, will Ltu n ' to the purse of the patron with double inter- j est If those immediately concerned give a deaf ear to the appeals for "aid and comfort," made by home newspapers, the resuls to be , j wi - r .i j- ,r . , r u.uiuug me signs ot the paintul aonv .SS4 -Atth.iwhiohhawireid: To reluJ him hfZ taking of the first census under th Vloroi Constitution, in 1790. the population of the United States amounted to three million nine . i , . . - . , dred and twenty-seven At intervals of ten ' rl?:r been ,tken "?J. , uuu'icu au" iweuiviliue IQOUSand Plirhr linn. " and the result at each period is as follow ' Census of 1790, 3 909 87 4 c 1800, 5,305,925. 1810, 7.539.814- 1820; 9.638.131. 1830. 12.366.020- 1840. 17,069,000. 1850. 23.101 ftTfi The census will again bo taken in 1800, and will show a population within the limits of the United States of more than thirty-two milion. BrodericJc,B Will. The San Francisco cor respondent of the New York Times states that Mr Broderick left a property variously estimated from $100,000 to 500,000. By his will he gave 15,000 to the Protestant ana -.atnouo urpnan Asylums of San Fran cisco, ma amount 10 De equally deviued. legacy of S10.000 was left to the Hon. J A C. McKibbeu, and the remainder of Mr. ttm derick's estata is bequeathed to the widow of I riia 1 i 1 A f Tnn. vn Cn 1 11 l . 1 0. I i.uu, vauico ju&iiu, wno was lert in very moderate circumstances at the death of her husband. The population of Rome, at tha h;h. est period of its power, has been estimated at six million eight hundred thousand. The present population of Loudon is about two million eight hundred thousand. The entire population of Paris, including that of all its metropolitan suburbs, is about one million five hundred thousand. That of New York estimated in tbe same way, is one million one hundred thousand.. Js" Governor Weller, California, writes to the treasurer of the Washington Monument Association as follows: "In compliance with an act passed by the Legislature, I have this day forwarded to the Hon. Win Medill a draft on New York for 1.000, with direc tions to hand the same to you. California proposes to give this amount annually towards the erection of that noblo shaft to the memo ry of our Washington rExxsyn AMt ci,- ctio: OrriClAi. RCTI7RXS. 9 5 w w S 2. S 1 Oh o a a r 2.529 2,539 2.520 2,546 7,934 4,720 7,930 4,729 2,282 1.943 2,2til 1.942 1,756 1,131 1,748 1,132 2,011 2,147 2,009 2,150 0,251 7,444 6,451 7,268 2,600 1,449 2.C02 1 449 3.743 1,639 3,733 1,651 6,172 5,159 5,176 5.154 2.075 1,514 2.037 1,514 1,593 1,868 1,581 1 900 1,491 1,J40 1,513 1.C25 2,440 2.233 2.441 2.233 5,006 4,044 5,055 4.046 532 1,216 531 1,225 1.129 1.448 1,122 1,455 1,220 1.600 1.25 1,580 1.005 1.782 1.070 1,808 2 76G 2.141 2.765 2,125 2,921 3.224 2,932 3.234 3,331 2.217 3,284 2.277 2.097 1,280 2,111 1,20 1 317 411 309 418 2,325 1.119 2.299 1,144 2.076 2,824 2,651 2,817 37 30 37 31 3.692 3,207 3.552 3,393 716 851 715 851 785 1,596 760 1,588 2.264 1,774 2.283 i,778 1,922 827 1,932 795 1,071 851 1,070 806 1.223 1,309 1.223 1,309 7,602 3,433 7.598 3,443 1.351 526 1,339 420 2.451 1.289 2.461 1.283 3,613 3,856 3.622 3.842 5,071 5,936 5,112 5,839 2,590 2,949 2,608 2,904 600 587 C03 585 2,770 2.225 2,755 2.222 1.372 1,439 1,376 1,434 409 1.777 435 1,754 4,535 5,059 4,572 5.026 602 1,154 618 1.142 2,797 4,077 2,794 4,066 1,602 2,159 1,642 2.167 2,070 2,052 2.069 2,051 29,525 20,300 29,701 26,203 135 721 127 720 018 02 893 517 4,879 4,534 4.9C6 4,469 1.286 737 1.322 709 2.1 S7 1,190 2.196 1,175 324 525 S31 607 2.807 2.091 2.805 2,092 1.910 1,042 1,962 1,031 3,363 810 1,375 829 2.022 1,837 2.022 1,844 1.139 757 1,129 759 3,745 3.390 3,749 3.396 1,609 1,949 1.610 1,947 3,803 4.163 3.780 4,152 751 945 758 942 4,983 5.203 4,941 5,265 Counties. Adams, Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, lierks, Blair, . . Bradford, Bucks, Butler, Cambria, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Clarion, Clearfield, Cliuton, Columbia. Crawford, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Elk, Erie, ! Fayette. I Forrest, t Franklin, I 5.ulton- it i urutue. nununguon, ! Indiana, efferf n j Lancaster, Law-ence, I Lebanon, Lehigh, I Lycoming, ! M'Kean," ' Mercer, Mifflin, j Monroe, ' ?rg.?.mery' Northampton Northumberland, I'erry, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, . ocnuyiii ! Snvder j Somerset" J s"" uekknna. ' Tio ianDa' J Union, : Venango, , Warren. Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland Wyoming, York, Total, 181835 104544 1822S2 163970 Explosion oruupont's Pomler 31111. Seven men killed. OD. tWO rolling mills f.dlowin.r sinltnn- on, auu two rolling nulls f. liowii i u ? ' cuus'y. ueiug nve in all. Seven n, ? ea- Another man had his c Z I i S, ' T J noLlhZut tJ h ' were bbwn into tl! R i D tTee! audX'S ad it tS UoVn on the opposite side of he c O the others nothing could be ascortaineV A simnnn t . . ' . tL Ahorse V Skilled 3 in v7tVtoA9 ? mg off ? The clr to wlfion h00 7 l Wen which was nlrtlv IdL -T aUa'ched-and iLthSMr ft. ho way. be was found limping about, the yard killed Tho coroner visited the scene of the ex plosion but could learn nothing, as the wit r.Ms 11 l.-n ' r "s,s,oc una mi Kinea. inere names am W. Moran. E. Doueherty' sTeney Ja- S. John Welsh! and MwTa'el O'- Daniel. Xew Senators In tlie .ext Congress. The following named gentlemen will take their seats for the first time in the United States Senate on the first day of December next, on which day the first session of the thirty-sixth Congress will commence. Hon Wi'.Iard Salsbury, of Delaware. Hon. James W. Grimes, of Iowa. Hon. Lazarus W. Powell, of Kentucky. Hon. Kingsly S. Bingham, of Michigan. Hon John C. Ten Eyck, of New Jersey. Hon. Thomas Brager, of North Carolina. Hon. Henry B. Anthony, of Rhode Island Hon. A. O. P. Nicholson; of Tennessee Hon. J. W. Hemphill, of Texas. JT3T The Post Office Department has giv en notice that the single rate of postage be tween the United States and tbe Grand Du chy of Baden, via Bremen, will hereafter be fifteen cents, in stead of twenty-two cents. Tbis reduction is the rosult of a reduced rate of German postage to five cents the sin gle letter on American correspondence trans mitted via Bremen, which went into opera tion on the 15th inst A Sound Decision. The Supreme Court of Indiana has made a decision which inter ests the newspaper press, and also advertis ers. A controversy existed, relative to a charge for advertiseing, between the Commission ers of Hamilton county and the Patriot news paper It was held by the Judge that "the published terms of a newspaper constitute a contract. If a work is grven to newspaper publishers, without a special contract contra vening the published terms, the publishers can charge and receive according to the terras so published. It is not necessary to prove what the work cost or was worth ; the publishers have a right to fix the value of their columns, and if so fixed, no other question need be asked, but the price tbui charged can be procured-" or tiik isthnEcxioVt Th c.nnKtunr,nn r tsa ordinances -ovisional Government of ists at Harper's Ferry. prvrnt8 n U 1 ' X' If "IB ytnt nf 1 1 . i u 1 . c.c.j. aua lueu glares and A I the basis of a provisional goverEnitmH an abolition society, constituting , Co 3 -gjnusi me government on an i scale. The plan of the organ i J- H cartful and effective one. with a t j c.6U3f FeuaiUe9 an, . er iiaraTitiprnn 111 nf c-.. . . y maiiT mav Enn,. t. S- J. r;r-- it it k, urUa luprooaoie that its operatic, ' yet be manifested in other parta of thet ry in attempts at exekin i tions. The apparent impossibility of J b otucuica uoea not seem t ter uuprinoipled politicians and f. persons from cntciins into tW n?.41 vestigations which must follow th n t,, .l 1. :it . . . , , . nirr There is not, however, the "slihut T 1 1 ,T C i-usi0imj ot tbig a,.. meut has been primarily caused by the gerous doctrines professed and advocgf me pontitians or the Seward, Lincoln f. dings; and Sumner scbool. They Lr clared the irrepressible coufllct between . uom acu slavery ; they predict armed o ments for tbe abrogation of slav - thev have piven this nntKrwl- - . 1 and pecuniary aid, and they are now tfc.1 " pologists of this last and basest attempt to," ray the slaves iu armes against their uaSv ' This movement seems brutal aud muler -? as it was to meet tbe approval of tLe L of the Republican party, and finds apologists iu the Republican journal ' ew lork Tribune says: "We will t by one reproachful word, disturb tbe Uc. ' shroud, wherein Jchn Brown and his patn ts are sleeping They dared acd L 1 ur v, uat mey ien to De right, thouh u mauner which seems to us fatally wronz ' ijhi ineir eiii?:rn-j ffumn .m,nr;.n -i not distant day when no slave shall clank i cuaius in tne shades ot Jionticdlo, or tt gravis of Mouut Vernon." V It would be well f r American citize!,; c p:me, think an! reflect.-before they ez&?'& doctrines which tend to imbrue men's k x in blood, and to distroy that union whid the only safruard of our liberties. If ft A tilings !o not show the people the dangE'i eitrus iug ia-i power of the g 1... I i'r T I . govern mm mc unuua ui a neciionai party no; r.LiDi tA will. Arrest or Cook ills identity tabllhel. Chamlersburg, Oct. 6 Capt. John E Cook. wa5 arrosro.) uay, by Messrs. Daniel Loan, aud ClaW Fitzburg, at Mont Alto, Franklin cjuiri fjurteen miles from this place. There is) doubt of this beini? tho msn TT.c r.rw) commission, filled up and signed by Gene?.. " , uu ujai&cu iig. was IoUQd E'f his person; also, a memorandum written '5 parchment, of the nistol nrespntpd tr. ',, ington by Lafayette, and bequatbed to Ler. J W Wn till iti .rt,.n i IWI - IU - 1 " siys, is in a carpet bajr which he left on t: . v-aMiifcvu. u A life? - IMIU. mountains He was fully armed and ma: -1 desperate resistance. He came out of the mountain into the si tlement to obtain provisions. He was ms fatigued, and almost starved. He was brou;: to this place at 8 o'clock, last night. Afi: au examination before Justice lleisher sJ being fully identi fied by one of our citiiri who formerly kuew him, he was committeii jail t await a requisition from Governor YiJ IT.! ,w.1.s!.J 4 I .1 omuumcugi-u uaving inree others him on the mountain. Que of them was se. and conversed with He bad a blue bhu over his shoulder and carried a Sharif r,. and double-barrelled eun. TTc sai.l longed to his partner, who had gone for 1:; A r IwiAr a Parties will go in search of the others t day . i a Gov. Wise on the Insurrection. Washington- City, October 22. Gove nor Wise in his Richmond stwrth ur has a bushel of Capt. Brown's corresrc ur"---, uus not, an ot it. A carpet-bag 1. was taken to Baltimore and improperly use The letters in his possession, proved tb prominent men in the North were implicate in the affair. Whether our sister State? i the ISorth will allow such men to remain 1 mong them unrebuked and unpunished re ujoiuc- 1... w bceu. n any one snould em- i gle off Gerrit Smith some night, and Witi . n t s . I . T . . - mm to me, 1 would read him a moral le ture, and then send him back home. I had remained at Harrier's Ferrv t ... the application of lynch law in Virginia- uere w as no question ot jurisdiction to: settled, as he had made Iin his mlnl fn!'t and after determining, that the prisonei I snouia oe tried in Virginia. He would if have obeyed an order to the contrary frc: the President of the United States ' He was ready to weep when be. heard tL the outlaws comprised only twelve men, : that they had taken the town in ten miouw There was no cowardice on "the part of tK people there, because their unguarded ci-f zens were prisoners, but he told them tlJ they had made a mistake, and ifGen TVVy ington had been a rjrisoner. and hi Ufa r. periled bv an at t not ha wnnl.l V,i- utr. his own, and other lives as well, in making an attact without delay. This Kansas bo: der ruffian made a great mistake as to in disposition of the slaves to fly to his standard The abolitionists canuot comprehend th'! they are held amongst us by a patriarch tenure. f The Governor urged tbe importance of "j ganiziog a military force throughout t'-'i State, and exercising vigilance to guard . gainst the disgrace of a similar surprise, f X3T The California members of CwigTMj. Messrs- Scott and Burch, are now in Orleans. They report that Governor We'll' will probably fill the vacancy in the Unit States Senate occasioned by tbe death of Sen ator Broderick, by the appointment of Thos. J. Henly. Mr. Henly was former!' a member of Congress from the Indianspo District, Indiana, ne will hold under exff j utive appointment until the Legislature cos venes. when that body will choose Mr. ft"1 derick'a successor.