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.1 If-' -: f... .-- ! : 5i : ; ...... . ... , : f -r H ,.!.,i ; f. , t .,; n..; .' ' r i ' . IT THE BLESSINGS OF GOVERNMENT,' Llk THE DEWS OP-HEAVEN, SHOULD tiE DISTRIBUTED ALIKE, UPON THE HIGH AND THE LOW, THE RICH AD THE TOOK lNfW SERIES, 2; 25. : - EBENSBtjRG, PX.y THURSDAY, DECJMBER 1 3, 1866. VOL.:,13--N0.44. fit gtmotnt anb' Stitiiiul, . .... - . . i : ' l. .rrtAw I puUUaliea in iue uoruugu ui iiucuuui6, airubria county, Ta.', every Thursday. - TI IkfCwurrv o f f Vl a fill AW . y rtc. lavanaoiy in uiuto . tae copy, three montb. 50 tue copy, six mouths, . l OU One coi.y, one year, i . - . v tsJ .hn fAil to pay their aubacriptions .ntil after the expiration of six months will . A.r.P,! at the rate of 42.50 per year. ,nd those who fail to pay until after the ex- ration of twelve mouins wju oe tuargeu ai, derate of $3.00 per year. Th? Democrat and Sentinel when paid for : advance casts four cents per number; ii,t:n not paid in advance six cents per u:nber will be charged. Twclvu numbers constitute a quarter; eut --five, aix mouth; and fifty numbers, u8 ytar. KATES OF ADTEETISINO. P.fcen lines of Burgoipe type constitute a S'j'Mre. one inseriinn, ;;h s-ibsejutnt insertion, -,(! uare. oue year, .-. 'i.ros, oue insertion, ,;h subse'jv.ect itrerlion, fvirth column, three months, i fourth colmun. Fix months, ,. f.vjrili column, one nr. i.i column, three months, t 'f column, mx months, V c ilumn. one jear. .(.jinn?, three months, .Miuinn, six months, ., e ' 'ne year. $1 6 1 00 25 " p q0 I 12 00 I 20 00 ! 12 00 20 00 35 00 20 00 35 00 70 00 2 00 2 CO 2 60 r ree. , v. : .-r"s Xorioe. i ir's Notice, -x;.u;trat--r'2 Notice. ; ( and iJeath Notice, ?Nfo.vonal card with paper, per an te 00 itutry Notice. ov-T six lines, ten cents 1 i.itcuue wuu a view to me grauua nnd V'tfiness Notiers c;t cents I restoration of the States in which the iu- i.i.o f r first insertion, and four cents for r. .'ihi.--iu.!nt i'mertion. P. Satioiu of S cietic3. nr communica "of a pwrsoual caturo must bo paid for Itlm !.e'neiits. V' cats inserted in advtfl;tments. CARPS. V - $1 50 1 200 fr $S CO ;r 2 03 500 fc-r 5 00 .- al iiLiorial hunilreil, CO CUM. - ,,-: t- 5,0 1 P.A-'ift.L o'r.il T0 KA tranfioTit work must va1 lor on , - vrrv. V.'. II. M ENT.UK. L:.pas'ouru. Jun 14. 1805. l-rssr.i.L & ooonTTFF, ;').F 1.11 l!r" T.F.US ir. TO13ACC0S. v.i'iAR-. VIP'.".-, fee. Srr., No. 13 ri'n. Third street, above Market. 1't.iUuel- i.a. V. .Var.e 21. 18f,6.-lv. O.KRT JONKS. . J-.e.-'s'iarc. Cimbria cr. Pa., I!"; T.e::)bcr. T.'e highest prie-s. Ctih. nii ! f- r rnF.UV.Y, roi'LAlt, APll ) i.:: i.u.vrsKR. i'.'c..tb'.i"z. X' k :a';'i. .IOMN" P. I.INTON, T r.NKY AT LAW, Johnrtown, l'a. iT:,1 in 1iiil'iing on corner of Main and f-treet. opposite Mansion Hou:e. I l!oer. l"nii.i:i:e cn Franklia street. .V:;r!.nvti. yov. If,. 1805.. D. M'LAl'GIIUN, - 0NF.Y AT LAW, Johnstown, To. L '.U; in the Lxirhaujie buihlius. en the ""..'rof Clinton .'ld I.?iri";t streets up ':"s. Will attend to all busiuess connect with his profess'on. iV. 0, 18G3.-tf. Lime for Sale. IF, undersigned is prepared to ship Lime from Lil'y Station, or Xo. 4, on tha renn vani Iiailro.vl to Kbensburg, Johnstown, nv other voiui. on the Penna. R. R., cr 1 branches. i i i TTf Ttr rv J'me2v,-tf llcnilock, Cambria co.. Pa. STATUS UNION HOTEL. PHILADELPHIA. Vi3 IIOTEL is pleasantly situated on the uth side of Market street, a few doors 'e Sixth street. Its central locality es it particularly desirable to persons 'tiag the city on business or pleasure. T. II. B. SANDERS. Proprietor. '-.'.? 21, iSt;c.-iv. i HAT AND CAP STORE. V-OT.Zr. TURNER. JLiin street Johnstown, fa.. iValcr in HATS nrd CAPS, P.OOTS r-1 S.TOFS nn,l nPA'TI.P'.fMW VITI.'V. I fHNG GOODS, such as Drawers. Shirts, ;r, Handkerchiefs, Iscckties, Stockings, v, Umbrellas, :c., keeps constantly on a general ass3rtment, and his prices ' as low as the lowest. Tohnswn, June 21, 18.-Iy. a v'l I UDl.SK, t.-'t f ii &rren. Join.f,i. Camttri'i Cr Pa . A. ROW A CO., Proprietors. , j 'is iiUoat. Having been refitted "rmtty turnishen. is mw rpetl ror t r'"- am entertainment of gnests. The rs by Icng experience in hotel keep- i repudiated h" pretended debts and oblija L fc '. COnfi'"'?nt they can tisfy a di's- tions created for the revolutionary pur- nnr.tmg public. -e r Lar is supplied with the choict i ofli.-n -M of bijUors and wines. .VI ' "n,? t v tt- 1 j T,V."" ' 1 n ta o, Job Work d -ne at turs hr- PrGSidGllt'S HCSSO-ffG. i : - . , . , . O !. TRRANQtTI- STATK OF THE COUNTUY. Fellow-citizens of the gentile and Jlousc of ' JltpresetUatives : ., , ,i, After a brief, interval the. Congress of the United States resumes its annual leg islative labors. An all-wise and merciful Providence has abated the pestilence wbieh visited our shores, leaving its cala mitous traces upon some portions of our country. Peace, order, tranquility, and civil authority have been formally declared to exist throughout the whole United States. In all of the States civil authori ty has" superseded the coercion of arms, and the people, by their voluntary action, are maintaining their "-overnments in full activity and complete operation. The enforcement of the laws is no longer "ob structed in any State by combinations too J powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings and the animosities engendered bv the war" are rapidly yielding to the beneficent influen- kindly effects of unrestricted social and commercial intercourse. An entire rcsto- ration of fraternal feeling must be the car- nest wish of evcrv patriotic heart ;' and ! we will have accomplished our grandest ! rational achievement when, fbrirettinET the I sad events of the p:ist, and' remembering ! or;Iy their instructive le-sons, we resume our onward career as u free, prosperous. i and united people. ! KKSTOn.VTION OI" TIIK STATES SOI.TH. J Iii my message of the 4th of December, 1 ISGo, Congress was informed of I lie meas I i ures which had been instituted bv the i "I. . .i , , J sucrection occurred, to their relations with j llie General Government. Provisional i Governors had been appointed, conven tions called, Governors elected, Iegisla- turcs assen.bied, ind Senators and Repre sentatives chosen to the Congress of the j United States. Courts had been opened i for t!:e tnforcement of laws fonr In nuev ! ance. The blockade had been removed, 1 citom houes re-establi-hed, and the ....... i . . . , "'lenini revenue laws pin in lorce, in order ; that the pecp'.o might contribute to the ; national ir.come. Postal operaiious had j Ijeen renewed, and ell'oi ts were Li ing made I to restore them to their former condition j of efficiency. The States themselves had been i?ked to take part ir. the high func- tion of amending the Constitution, and of , thus sanctioning the extinction of African slavery as one of t lie legitimate results of our internecine Mruccjo. what inn KK;rrivr. accomplished. i ; j Having progressed thus far, the Uxccu I tivc Depart ment found that it had accom j plishi.il nearly all that was within the I scope of its constitutional authority. One i thing, however, yet remained to be done j before the work of restoration could be j completed, and that was the admission to i Congress of loyal Senators and Represen ' tatives from the States whose people had ! rebelled against the lawful authority of the ; General Government. This question de j volved upon the respective Houses, which, j by the Constitution, are made the judges of the elections, returns, and qualifications ' of their own members; and its considera I tion at once engaging the attention of Congress. EFFORTS TO PERFECT RESTORATION. In the meantime, the Executive De partment no other plan having been pro posed by Congress continued its efforts to perfect, as lar as was practicable, the restoration of the proper relations between the citizens of the respective Slates, the States and the Federal Government, ex tending, from time to time, as the public interests teemed to require, the judicial, revenue, and postal systems of the coun try. With the advice and consent of the Senate, the necessary officers were ap pointed, and appropriations made by Congress for the payment of their salaries. The proposition to amend the Federal Constitution, so as to prevent the exis tence of slavery within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction, was ratified by the requisite number of oiaies ; anu on me iota nay ot leeeni ber, ISCo, it was officially declared to have become valid as a part of the Con stitution of the United States. All of the States in which the insurrection had existed promptly amended their Constitu tions so as to make them conform to the great change thus effected in the organic i law oi iii(5 lanu ; aeciarca nun ana voia all ordinances and laws of secession : rolutionary pur- . . . . .r-.m r.f I, n inciirrntim, . un,l , r- r, . 1 I - i r -.u .1 c ,n gooJ f:llth to the enactment of rneas- urcs for the protection and amelioration I inc uuiiuuiuu ui me wiuicu late. VOII- 1,- , grrs, however, yet hesitated to admit any l',ese State3 t(i representation t and it I was not until .toward the -close; of -the eigrua montu oi me session that 'an. ex ception wxis made in favor-of Tennessee, by iha ; admissions of her 'Senators and Keprtsentatives.': . '. v . n i :, " " ' ' ' X PROFOUND HEGRET. ! ' a ' I deem it a , subject of profound regret that Congress has thus far failed to admit to seats loyal Senators and Representatives fiom other States whose inhabitants, with those of Tennessee, had engaged in the., rebellion. Ten States more than one-i .1. l. a. I n . - ... fourth of the whole number remain with-; out. representation ; ihe seats of fifty mem-, bers in the House of Represent utives and of twenty members in the Senate are yet vncnted not by their own counsel, riot by a failure of election, but by the refusal of. Congress to accept their credentials. Their' admission, it is bplieved, would have accomplished ' much towards' -the renewal nnd strpn.vthpmnT nf nnr rolaMrma as one- people-; and removed erio cause' 1 thirds, rxpel a member. " When a Sena for discontent' on the part of the' inlinbi- tor ot- ftrpresentativfe presents'his. ccrfifj tants f ' those Sfntes. It would have' i cate''.or election.'' he' mav "at . once ''lie accorded with t lie preat principle cnuncia-f laratlon of" 'Atmriftn Tno.' ted in the Dec I pendenco, burden o; , that no people ought to benr the"1 credentials may be, re.fei-fed,for investiga t' taxation and et be; denied the' tiori to the '.appropriate ' committee. If rijrlit of representation It would have leen in consonance; with the exnress ' pro- Tisions f the Constitution, that 'eacli ' State shall have at lea'-t one Represent a-' tive," and "that no State, without its "f j consent, shall be deprived of its equal sut.rago m the Senate." These provisions were intended to secure to every State, and to the people cf every State, the right of representation in each Hmi-e of Con gress ; and so importaut was it deemed by the framers cf the Constitution that the equality of the States in the Senate should he preserved, that not even by an amend ment of the Constitution can any State, without its consent, be denied n voice in that branch of the National Legislature. CON'OIiEFS REFRACTOR!'. It is true, rue, it has been assumed that the 7- r .l ..v, -.--v -'' : ot the State was terminated bv existence ot the State was terminated by the rebellions acts, of their inhabitants, and that the insurrection having been bjd-piv.-scd, they were thenceforward to be c juddered merely as conquered territories. The Legislative, Executive, and Judical Departments of the Gove: nuiont have however, with great distinctness and uni form consistency, refused to sanction an assumption incompatible with the nature of our republican system and wnli ii:,-. professed objects of the war. Throughout the ivcen; legislation of Congress, the undeniable f.ct malvCS itself apparent, ihut tlie?-e ton political communities are nothing less than States of this Union. At the very ommenrement of the rebel lion, each House declared, with a unanim ity us remarkable as it was significant, that ihe war w.a-s not "waged, upon our part, in any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of compic-i or subugation, nor purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the right or established, institutions of those States, but to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and all laws made in pursuance thereof, and to preserve the Union with a 1 the dig nity, equality, and rights of the several States-unimpaired ; and that as soon as these objects were accomplished the war ought to cease." In some instances j Senators were permitted to continue their legislative functions, while in other in stances Representatives were elected and admitted to seats after their States had formally declared their right to withdraw from the Union, and were endeavoring to maintain that right by force of arms. AU of the States whose people were in insur rection, as States, were included in the apportionment of the direct tax of twenty millions of dollars annually laid upon the United States by the act approved oth Angus; 18(51. Congress by the act of March 4th, 18G2, and by the apportion ment of representation thereunder, also reconixed their presence as States in the Union ; and they have, for judicial pur poses been divided into districts, as States alono can be divided. The same re cognition appears in the recent legislation in reference to Tennessee, which evidently .rests upon the fact that-the functions of the State were not destroyed by the rebellion,, but merely as; -ended ; and that principle is of course applicable to those Slates which, like Tennessee, attempted to renounce their places in the Union. ACTION OF IliE EXECUTIVE. The action of tho Executive Department of the Government upon this subject has b?en equally definite and unihrm, and the purpose of the war was specifically stated in the proclamntion issued by my predeces sor on the 22d day of September, It w then solemnly proclaimed and declared that "hereafter, as herctoforp irciKucu mm niro. .t9 uercioiore, j the war will be prosecuted for the object restoring the constitutional the United States and each pf the States and the people thereof, in which Spates that relation is or may be suspended or disturbed." The recognition of the States by the Judicial Department of the Government has also been clear and conclusive in 'all prWjedings affecting them as States, bad in the. Supreme, ' Circuit and District Courts. SOUTHERN CONGRESSMEN. - , . In the admission of Senators and Rep- i resentatives from any and ali of the States, there can be ik just, ground of apprehen sion that persons who are disloyal will be clothed with the power of , legislation ; for this qould not happen when the. Constitu tion and the laws are enforced by a viglant and faithful Cougrefcs. .. lach House is made."tiie "judge of the elections, returns, nml'Vpialification' of ils'own members," nndTnaj. "with the' concurrence bf' two- adtjittr'd or rejected'; or,1 should .there, be annuestioh "as i"o . liis 'tliibitltv'" ' his admitted to a seat, .' it '.roust, b ' upon evidence satisfactory to the 'House. of which be thus becomes si, member, that he possesses the requisite constitutional and Ioj.il qualifications. If refused 'ad- miseion as a member tor want ot due j allegiance to the Government, and returned to his constituents, they are admonished that none but persons loyal to the United States will be allowed a . voice in the legislative councils of the nation, and the political -power and moral influence of Congress are thus effectively exerted in the interest ot" loyalty to the Government and fidelity to the Union Upon this question po vitally affecting the restoration of the Union and the permanency of our present form of government, my con- 1 t - A.- i i ! .1 WergcWB no cliane : but, on the contrurv, ! .i . L" , - , '- I iiieii tiirreeiness nas ueen connrmea iy letieclion and time. II the admission ot loyal mem Iters to seats in the respective Houses of Congress was wise and expe- I dient a j'car ago, it is no less wise and I expedient now. If this anomalous con- dition i.iij;ht now it, in the exact (on i dition of these States ;,t the present time. it is l.-.wful to exclude serration, I i) ) not see them from fpre tbat tb.e question . w i!i be chaugoti by l!.e el'ilux of time. i Ten yer.rs hence, if these States remain j as they are, .tho right of representation j will b no stronger the right of exclusion I will be no weaker. ' ii EOONSTR VCTTOX. The Constitution of t!;e United States makes it the duty of the President to re commend to the consideration of Congress "such measures as he shall judge neces sary or expedient." I know of no meas ure more imperatively demanded by every consideration of national interest, sound policy, and equal justice, than the admis sion of loyal members from the now un represented States. This would consum mate the work of restoration, and exert a most salutary influence in the re-establishment, of peace, harmony and fraternal feeling. It would tend greatly to renew the confidence of the American people in the vigor and stability of their institutions, It would bind us more closely together as a nation, and enable us . to show to the world the inherent recuperative power of a Government founded upon the principles of liberty, justice and intelligence. Our increased strength and enhanced prosperi ty would irrcfragably demonstrate the fallacy of the arguments against free in stitutions drawn from our recent national disorders by the enemies of republican government. The admission of loyal members from tho States now excluded from Congress, by allaying doubt and ap prehension, would turn capital, now awaiting an opportunity for investment, into the channels of trade and industry. It would alleviate the present condition of those States, and by inducing emigra tion, aid in the settlement of fertile regions now uncultivated, and lead to an increased production of those staples which have added so greatly to the wealth of the na tion and the commerce of the world. I New fields of enterprise would be opened to our progiessive people, and soon the devastations of war would be repaired, and all traces of our domestic differences effaced from the minds of our country men. AfIISSION OF I.OYAE SOUTHERNERS. In our efforts to preserve "the unity of j Government which constitutes us one people," by restoring the States to the condition which they held prior to the re bellion, we should be cautious, lest, having oellion, wesnoutd te cauMous, lest, h; resetted our nation from perils of tl. ireat- j of practically , res relation between ened disintegration, we resort to consoli dation, and in the end absolute despotism as a remedy for the recurrence of similar troubles. The war having terminated, and with it all occasion for the exercise of powers of doubtful. constitutionality, we should hasten to bring legislation with in the boundaries prescribed by the Con stitution, and , to the uncient landmarks established by our fathers for the guidance of . succeeding generations. "The Con-' j stitution which at any time exists, untiH changed by an explicit and authentic act ! of Jhe whole people, is i sacredly obligatory! upon all" "If, in the opinion pf the peo-'-J, pie, the distribution or modification of the.! constitutional powere.be, in any particu-i lar,- wrong, let it be corrected - by an i amendment in the way in which the Con- f Stitution desipnate.s. . l'.nf W llior.- ! .. i stitution designates. , liut let there be no change by usurpation, for it is the custo - mary .weapon which free governments are destroyed." Washington Fpolie ..these words to his countrymen when, followed by their love 'and gratitude, he Voluntarily 'retired from tho. rurps of rmKtio ItfS ' ' "Tn keep i.i rdl thipgs VitLin the pale of our f Pf of tic Secivtary . cf . Ww constitutional powers, and 'cherish' the J.1:1'?. valuablo tnJ important infurma Federal Union as the only rock of safety i ;'P it,:I?fi:.A'nfe to xh cperatiora of hi were prescribed by Jerlersua i rules of j L,'tment during the past year. Few action tonde.-.r to id. : "pmm.rrn.o, volunteers uo?v' remaxn in the rervice, and true principles of their Constitution'.' and promote a. union of sentiment and act Ton ij equally auspicious to their happiness and satfcty.". Jackson held that tho action of the General Government should always be strictly ton lined to the sphere of its appropriate duties, and justly and forcibly urged that our Government is not to be maintained nor our Union preserved "by invasions, of the rights and powers of (he several States. In thus attempting to make our General Government strong, we make it weak. ' Its true strength consists in leaving individuals ahd States as much as possible to themselves ; and making: itself felt, not in its power, but in its be neficence : not in its control, but iu Its protection ; not in binding the States more closely to the centre, but leaving each to movtunfbs;ructed in its proper rrxistitu tidnal orbit." These are the teachings ot men whose deeds and services have made them illristrious, and who, not long since withdrawn from scenes of life, have Lf: to their country the rich legacy of their ex ample, their wisdom and their-patricilsm. Drawing fresh inspiration from their les sons, let us emulate them in loveof country and respect fur the Constitution and the liWS. A WORD OF C ACT fOX. The report of tho Secretary of the Treasury aflbrdsTnueh information respec ting the revenue and commerce of the country. II is views upon the currency, and with reference to a proper adjustm.ert of our revenue system, internal as well a3 impost, are commended to the careful con sideration of Congress. In my last annual message i expressed, my general views upon these subjects. I need now only call attention to the necessity of carrying into every department of the Government a system of rigid accountability, thorough retrenchment and wise economy. With no exceptional nor unusual expenditures, the oppressive burden? of taxations can be lessened by such a modification of our rovenue laws as will be consistent with the public faith and the legitimate and necessary wawts of the Government, THE NATIONAL UECT. The report presents a much more satis factory condition of our finances than one year ago the most sanguine could have anticipated. During the fiscal year ending tho 30th June, 18Go, the last year of the war, the public debt was increased 941, 902,337, and on the 3 let of October, lSGo, it amounted to 2,740,854, 7o0. On tho 31st day of October, 18GG, it had been reduced to i?2,55 1,310,000, the diminu tion, during a period of fourteen months, commencing September 1, I8G0, and ending October 31, 18GG, having been 2uG,27t,oG5. In the last annual report on the state of the finances, it was esti mated that during the .three quarters of the fiscal year ending the 30th June last, the debt would be increased $112,194,947. During that period, however, it was re duced S31,l9o,ob7, ihe receipts of the year having been ?8D,90o,90j more, and i the expenditures Ss3o0.529,23A less than the. estimates Nothing could more clearly indicate than these ?alemeui ihe pv'pni and availability of the nation. I resources, and the rapidity and safety with which, under our form of Government, great military and naval e-!.ddis!.ii;er.ts can be disbanded, and expenses reduced from a war to 1 ;.i,ee footing. RECEIITS Iok IHE FISCAL YEAR. During the fiscal year endu.g the L"0th of June, 18GG, the receipts were S.oS,- -vO.- r" "k i" 1 it. 1 ."i--.. mm - Uo,uo, ana iiieexpenaiiuj-esooC.ioti,- 940, leaving an available sutplus t.f .,- 1, co- it '" estimated inat t:..- receipts fur the fiscal vear endirg the 30th,' of June, 18G7,' will" be- 475,C01,SSC, and that the expenditures 'will reach tho sum of $316,418,078; leaving in the Treasury a surplus of 5?lo8,633,30S. For the fiscal your ending Jur.e 30, 186S, it is estimnted that the receipts will amourt to 43G,OUO,O0O, and that the expendi tures will Joe 390,?49J41eho4ing an excess of Sfl.7?2.anQ Government. These '-estimated receipt, may be diminished bV h reduction of excise and import duties ; but after all necessarv reductions shall have been made,' the revenue of the present and of the? following vears will doubtless be sufficient, to-cover all Intimate charges unon -1 be Treasury, and leave a large annual surplus to hi. applied to the pavment of the principal of .i.i . . i the debt. j reason why taxes may not-be rednced the country advances n iKtilnfion''a i ueru t:m now to DC no "OOU ns ir... wealth, and yet the debt be extinguished within the r.ext qua: ter of a centnry. ' .' '.SECRETARY STANTONS I'.ErCI.T.' T!se t are .tV?c?'3 ns efl j they can jo replaced by regular troops. The army has becn'prumptly ppld, care j fully provided vriifi medical treatment. v.-tn si.e.ercd ana sntsited, r.n'! is to be furnished with brvech-lasing Email arms The military strength of the nation hat bcei; unii-pai;ed by the discharge of vol unteers," the disposition of unserviceable cr perishable stores, and the retrenchment of expenditure. SciTlc'.tiu' war material to meet any emergency has ben retained, and from the disba.: !ed voIunte-"s : tand-" i.,g ready to respond to the national cr.P, large armies cmi be rapidly omnaized, equipped and concentrated. Furtificatiors on the eoaet and frontier have' received arc being prepared fir more powerful armaments; lake surveys and harbor t.vA river improvcirents are in course of ener getic prcctukn. Preparations' hat a been mr.de for the payment of the addi tional bounties authorized during ihe recent ?e?ion of Congress, under such regulations a w:!l protect the Govern ment from fraud, and secure to the hon orably d'.seli.irr'Hl poldier the well-rain. d reward of ins faithfulness and gal.'artry. .Mere thaJi si thousand maimed soldier-, have received artificial limbs or other surgical apparatus; and fort3-one national cemeteries, containing the remains cf 101,52(5 Union soldiers, have id ready been established. The total estimates of mili tary appropriations is .i'25,20o,CC9. SECKCTAKY WELT.KS OX THE NAVY. It n stated in the report of the Secretary of the Navy that the naval force at this time consists of two hundred and seventy eight vessels, armed with two thousand three hundred and fifty-c:ght guns. Of these, one hundred and fifteen vessels, carrying one -thousand and twenty-nine guns, are in commission, distribuied'chiel ly amen; seven squadrons. The number of men in the service is thirteen thou.-ar.d six hundred. Great activity and vigiinr.ee have liecn di?phrycd by all the squadron, and their movements have been judiciously and efficiently arranged in such manlier h' vrotilil best promote American commerce, and iotect the rights and interests of our' countrymen abroad. The vessels em ployed are undergoing repairp, or are hud up until their services may be required. THE LUAGCE ISLAND IUUX-CiJVl) NAVV YARD. Most of tho iron-clad fleet is at League Island, in ue vicinity cf Philadelphia, a place which, until decisive iirtion should be taken by Congress, was selected bv the Secretary of the Navy, as the most eligi ble location for that class of vesIs. It is important that a suitable public station should bo provided for the iron-clad fleet. It is intended that these vessels shall be in proper condition for any emergency, anJ it is desirable that the bill accepting I x;ngue Island for naval purposes, which passed the House ot Representatives at its last session, should receive final action at an early period, in order that there may be a suitable public station for this clan . of vessels, as well as a n.-v.-y yard of area snllicient for the wants of tho service, or. the Delaware river. The naval pefision ftii.d i:notUils to cil,7c.0, 000 havh.g been increased $!,7J0.0G0, diiring the year. The expenditures of ih; Dei -.ariment f-.r the fiscal year ending ?0th Jcnc'hjLSt were $ -13.32 1,20 and the estimates for the coming year amount le C23,2"'S.43C. Attention is in ircd to tho '.'.id:t'..v of our sc:u : and the i:.HH.rt ance of legislative meastsn s fi r i,e:r rolief :.- d improvement. The snrestioii nl U-!;a!f of this U.;!l(U ur. 111-.11 vu.r i-ijf "ai ii. .-t,v r c.' t , the hivo.v ! ton of ( ' i ;:n-