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house of representatives.
As soon as the journal oi yesterday’s proceedings was read, Mr Eus*is addressed the chair, and sta ted that he was necessarily absent yester day when the vote was taken on the reso lurions ••elative to ihe re«ogtiidon of the independence of the late provinces ot Spain in South America, and he wished to record his vote tuereon. On this proposition the unanimous con s<*nt ot the house was required, to dispense with the rule which provides that no mem ber shall be entitled to vote on any ques • lion who was not within the bar oi the 4iouse when his name was called * and some conversation took place on the expe diency of granting the leave asked tor—in the course ot which, Mr. Taylor quoted the ca3e oi the de claration of American Independence, to which were affixed the names ot several members not present when die same wa9 agreed to, but came in afterwards and were allowed to subscribe it. 1 he case tiow before the bouse, it not anagolous, wa» as little likely to be drawn into prece dent, as that. Mr. Cocke quoted the case which occur red yesterday—in which a member com ing in after his name had been called, was yet allowed by unanimous consent to re cord his vote ?s though he had been pre sent. On this occasion, Mr. C contended, the same liberality ought to be extended to all who were absent. These considerations prevailed with the house, and by unanimous consent, leave was granted to Mr. Eustis, and also to Mr. Reid, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Matlack, Mr. M*Dufhie, xMr. New, Mr. Seott, and Mr Eddy, lor similar reasons, and they severally voted in the affirmative, when the vote was declared to be—yeas 167, nay 1. Mr. VVright requested a similar liberty to Mr. Heed of Md. who was necessarily detained by sickness, but it was decided by the chair to be impossible to grant ruch liberty to a member not present. Mr. Rhea from the Committee on Pen sions and revolutionary Claims, reported unfavorable upon the petition of (Martha Youngs, and others ; which on motion ot Mr. Mercer, was ordered to be laid on the table. Mr. M Lane, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, made the following report : The committee on Naval Affairs, to whom was releired the resolution of the JHouse ol Representative ol the 4th March, instructing them to enquire into the expe diency of modifying the act, entitled “ An act lor the gradual increase of the Navy ot the United Slates,” so as to require a part of the annual appropriation to be expended in the construction of vessels of an interior force fo those now authorized by said law to be built*” nuke the following re port ;— That by the act above referred to, pass ed the 29th April, 1816, the sum ot one xniUiouot doliars per annum was appro priated toi the gradual increase ot the Na vy o! the United States ; and the Presi dent of the U States was authorized to cause to be built nine ships, to rate not Jess than 74 guns each ; and twelve ships to rate not less than 44 guns each, inclad ing one 74 and three 44 gun ships, autho rized by a previous law. The President was also authorized to procure steam en gines and all the imperishable materials necesrary tor building and equipping three steam batteries; and by the 4th section ot the act, it was provided that “the moneys appropriated by this act shall not be trans ferred to any other object of expenditure.”i| By the the act of 3d March, 1821, instead of the appropriation contained in the ori ginal act, the sum of 500,000 dollars per annum, for six years, was appropriated to carry into effect the purposes ot the said act; ani that the whole of this sum will be required to complete the objects con templated by these acts. 1 hat, pursuant to the instructions and objects ot these laws, there has been built and equipt one ship of the line, viz; the Columbus; and that there ha9 been built and launched, three ships ol the line, viz; the Ohio, the North Carolina, and die Delaware, and one trigate at 'A a>hington, the Potomac ; that there is now on the stocks, built and rpadv to launch, one ship ot the Line at Boston—that there is now on the stocks, nearly finished, one ship ot the line at Portsmouth, N. H. one frigate at Philadel phia, and one trigate at New York-—dial there is on the stocks, about halt finished, one ship ot the line at Ciosport, V irgmia that preparations have lor some time past, been making, for pu'ting on the stocks one ship of the Ime at Boston, one Irigate at N. Y. one at Portsmouth, N. H. & one at W ashington, and that the frames, and near ly all ‘.he timber, and other materials have been provided for building one ship of the tine ?.t Philadelphia, one frigate at Wash ington, cue frigate at Boston, and one tri rate at Norfolk—that the live oak frames, and nearly all the other timber, and two steam engines, have been provided tor two steam batteries at New York, and one steam batUery at Washington, The com mittee further report that the articles on hand, and those contracted tor, could not be advantageously applied to the building ot vessels of a smaller class than those tor which they were provided and designed. “ i he frames ol our ships ot the line are all got to moulds; each particular piece has its appropriate place in the trarue,’ and the labor of reducing them to a size suita ble to smaller vessels would be nearly, if not quite, equal to the expense ot a new frame. The copper provided too, is ge nerally heavier than is used tor sloops ol Tvar. . In the opiuion of the committee, the frames being cut to moulds* vsvki»h being the cheaper and better plan, the commis sioners m the navy, with a due regard to the betois recited acts, were authorized to direct, the-* would be great risk of losing them eiUn«y, by their warping out of place, it tbey^ie not put together The coiumix^e are ot opinion also, that the funds approbated for the gradual in crease ot the nav’j cannot be diverted to any other objects, -onsistently w ith good faith,or the real nite*.^ 0f the nation. The policy was a ioped upon gteat con sideration and with a vi^. foe defence j ei eur at* coast, and in ^wellj founded J conviction, that it was wTnc and prudent gradually to increase our mval force in time ot peace, and to render it efficient in tne exigencies to which the country must be always more or iess exposed. It is be lieved that the best defence tor this coun try, and that on which it must principally rely* not only for the protection of our commerce, but to prevent the actual inva sion of the soil,is the naval force. The act tor the gradual increase of the navy was founded on this presumption, and de signed by gradual means, in a manner least oppressive to the country, to lay the foundation of an efficient naval power, and to prepare in time of peace that descrip- , tion ol force, which could not be easily raised up in time ot war, but which would be indispensible in such a crisis- It re quires much lime and great care to pre* pare the materials, and construct the ves sels of the class provided tor in the acts, and the experience ot the late war had fullv demonstrated the necessity of such a force; by teaching us the facility with which the enemy could blockade a large portion of our coast, with a single ship of the line. The committee are of opinion that it would be unwise to change this system, founded upon so many important consid erations, without some urgent necessity, and in their opinion none such exists; on the contrary, there seems to be even stron ger reasons for adhering to the policy, and cherishing the growth ot our naval pow* er now that foreign nations are moddling their navat architecture alter our improve ments, and at a moment when our for eign relations are about to be extended, upon a scale, which should, at least, ad monish us against any diminution, or au indifference to the means of national de fence. The committee are aware of the impor tance of sloops of war, as a class of naval force, indispensable both in time of peace and war, hut they are a class which may be provided in a shorter time, and with considerable advantage, even after the exigencies has arisen, and, though they would be useful in time of peace for many services, and especially for the discipline of our officers, and the more effectual sup pression of the piratical marauders upon our commerce, the committee believe it would be unwise to break in upon the fund for the gradual increase ol the navy, even for such objects, and therefore re commend the adoption of the following resolution; Resolved, That it is inexpedient to modify the act entitled “An act for the gradual increase ol the navy of the United States;’ so as to require a part of the annual ap propriation to be expended in Ibe con* struction of vessels of an inferiwr force fo those now authorised by the said law to be built. The report was ordered to lie on the table. Mr. M’Lane, from the same committee, reported a bill “to fix and render perma nent the Naval Peace Establishment of the United States;” which was read twice and referred to a committee ol the whole on the state of the Union. Mr. Cook, from the committee on Pub lie lands reported a bill lor the relief ol Benjamin Stephenson; which was twice read and committed. Mr. Williams ol N. C. from the commit tee on Claims, reported unfavorably upon the petitions of Greenbury Griffin, Thom as Glasscock, Amasa Fairman, and the administrators offcZachariah Schoonmaker, deceased; which were ordtred to be laid on the table* Mr. F. Johnson, from the committee on the Post office and post roads, reported un favorably upon the petition of Charles Stewart: which report was concurred in, A Message from the President of the U nited States, yesterday received, was read transmitting additional documents relative to the fortifications on Dauphine Island and Mobile Point;which, on motion, were ordered to be laid on the table. Another message was also received from the President of the United States, trans mitting information, called for by the House, relative to any private claim which has been set up to the Island in the Dela ware river called the Pea Patch; which was referred to the Committee on the Ju diciary. The Speaker presented a communica tion from the Treasury Department, trans* mitting information relative to the balan^ ces of appropriations unexpended at the end of each year, from the commencement of the government to the 3lst ot Dec. last; money received by Collectors and Recei vers and not paid over, <H. &c. which was ordered to lie on the table. EXCHANGE OF STOCKS. The house then took into consideration the bill to authorize the Secretary ot the Treasury to exchange certain stocks bear ing an interest ot six and seven per cent, tor stock bearing an interest of five per cent. Mr. Smith, of Md. proposed the amend ments which he had submitted some days since, and which the house had ordered to be primed accompanied with a few ex planatory observations. Mr- Colden was opposed to the amend ments beoause he wished to strike out the word twelve millions, and to insert in lieu thereofyire millions, so as to reduce the a mount of stocks to be exchanged; and also to sell the 7U 000 shares of stock in the #ank of the l/nited States which are own ed by the government. The amount ot di vidends which had been received upon the bank stock belonging to the United States during four and a half years, had been 13 per cent for the whole period, amounting in -be aggregate to d9 10,000, whilst the interest on the seven millions which was borrowed to pay for that stock, had amount ed during tnat period to the sum oto l,575 COO, making a loss to the UnUed States ot 6G5,000 dollars- But Mr. C. stated that, from the present price of that 9toek in the market, d980,000 would be gained to the United States from the surplus price of the shares above par; so that the operation ot the amendments be pioposed would be as he contended, to save the United States d196,UOO per annum, and to put more than half a million of dollars into the public treasury. Mr- C. entered into a variety of considerations to evince the propriety of the project he had submitted, and conclu ded by observing that he should vote a gainst the bill, yut* i( it should oe adopted he thought the plan which he had suggest ed was altogether the most expedient course that could be pursued. Mr. Smith, of Md remarked, that the gentleman from Vew York, (Mr. Cofden,) had admitted that d980,uoo were obtaina ble from the present value ot the stock a bove par. Nor was that all; tor the bank ot the United States had performed the du ties of the loan offices, which had sa ved the United States d100,ooo annual ex pense. Mr. S proceeded at considerable length in explaining and enforcing the ex pediency and necessity of the measures that had been resorted to, in relation to the Bank ot the United States, and he con I tended that the stock of that bank bad al- ; ready fallen, by the refusal ot one branch j of the Legislature at this session to aid it; and if the 7o,ooo shares belonging to the United States should be thrown at once in to the market, he believed the stock would fall down to 9o, and perhaps to 80, so that the United States would utterly tail ot ob taining the expected premium it would evince such an hostility on the part ot the government to that institution, as would destroy all confidence in the value ot the stock » Mr Coiden replied to the observations of the gentleman from Md. (Mr. Smith.) Mr. Cambreling was in favor of the a mendment, and opposed the scheme pro posed by his colleague, (Mr. Coiden.) After some further observations ot Mr. Coiden, the question was taken on the a mendments as proposed, and respectively carried without a division; and the bill was thereupon ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, ayes 79. ORDERS OF THE DAY The House then resolved itself into a committee or the whole, (Mr. Mallary in the chair,)on the bill to provide for deliv ering up persons held to labor or service in any of the states or territories, who shall escape into any other slate or territory. The question was, on the motion to strike out the enacting clause of the bill Mr. F. Johnson was willing to *efT,slate on the subject, but he thought this bill was calculated to introduce new and unknown rules in relation to property. Its opera tion was not confined to the slaveholding states, and he thought its tendency would be injurious to society, and to the admin* istra‘ors ot justice. He was also opposed to it on the ground that it authorized a suspension ol the right of the writ of a beas corpus., He hoped that ‘be bill would be laid on the table, or recommitted in order that these objections may be re moved; and with that view, he proposed that the committee rise and report, which motion was put and carried, ayes 55, noes 43 In the House, leave to sit again was re fused to the committee, and . Mr. F. Johnson moved to recommit the bill to a select committee, which was a grecd to. ...... The House then resolved itself into a committee of the whole, (Mr. Ldwaius o Conn, in the chair,)on the bill for the re lief of Wm: E. Meek, and on the bill tor the relief of Cornelius Huson, which were respectively reported to the house without amendment; and the bills were ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. The House then went into a committee of the whole, (Mr. Stevenson in the chair) on the report of the committee of claims unfavorable to the memorial of the Legis lature of the state ot Tennessee, claiming payment for horses lost in the Seminole campaign. Mr. F Jones moved to ameod the re port of the Committee by striking out the word ‘not* so as to give it an affirmative character. 7be motion was supported by the mo ver and by Mr. Allen of Tenn.; when on motion of Mr. Williams, ot N. C. the com mittee rose and reported progress, and as ked leave to sit again which was granted; And then the House adjourned* Monday, April 1* IN SENATE. The bill for the relief of Rebecca Hodg son and the other legal representatives of Joseph Hodgson, deceased, passed through a committee of the whole, in which the amount proposed to be paid to them was fixed at 6000 dollars, and the bill was or dered to be engrossed for a third reading, by yeas and nays, 27 to 13. The vote of Friday, confirming the un favorable report of the committee of pub lic lands on the petition ot Wm. C. Jones, was on motion, reconsidered, and the re port was laid on the table. The engrossed bill to abolish the United States* trading establishments with the In dian tribes, was read the third time, pass ed, and sent to the House of ^Representa tives tor concurrence. The Senate then, in committee of the whole, Mr. Mills in the chair, resumed the consideration of the bill for the adjustment ot incomplete French and Spanish land titles in ^Mis souri. Mr. Eaton offered the following proviso as an amendment to the first section : “Provided, that no incomplete title shall be confirmed, unless the person in whose name such concession, warrant, or order of survey, had been granted, was at the time of its date, either the head of a fami ly, or above the age ot 21 years; and said original claimants, or theii representatives, or those claiming under them, were resi dents of said territory of Upper Louisia na, on the 20th day of Dec. 1803 : And provided further, that no grant or incom plete title dated after the first day of Oc tober, 1797 shall be confirmed where said grantor incomplete title contains & greater quantity than 800 arpens, unless it bo a grant or incomplete title signed and exe cuted by the Iniendent ot the province itself.** Mr. Eaton explained his reasous for of fering this amendment; and was followed by Mr, Barton and Mr. Benton, against the adoption ot this proviso; but before the motion was decided, • The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Among the petitions of this day Mr Keyes presented a petition of David B. Lee ot Philadelphia, controverting the right of James Rennet te the invention #f & flying machine, tor which said Beanol,' some days since, asked for exclusive privi leges iron) Congress. Tbe petitioner claims that he is the genuine discoverer of this invaluable art of flying, and solicits exclusive privileges for himself. On mo tion of Mr. Keyes, tbe petition was re ferred to the committee to whom was re ferred the petition of James Bennet. Mr. Cambrelmg presented a memorial from the Chamber ot Commerce in the City ol New York, complaining of tbe collection law of 1818, wbicb was referred to a committee of the whole. Mr. Smith ot Md. from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported a bill tnak i king appropriation* to defray the expenses of missions to the Independent Govern ments south of tbe United States, which on motion of Mr. Sergeant, was refeired to a committee ot the whole house on the state of tbe Union. Mr. F. Johnson, from the select commit tee to whom was recommitted the bill to provide for delivering up persons held to labor or service in any of ihe Males or ter ritories, who shall escape into any other state or territory, reported the same with amendments; which on motion of Mr. Har din, were ordered to be laid on the table. Mr Condict submitted the following re solution : Resolved, That for the purpose of bring ing the present session ot congress to a more speedy close, the stated hour ot me iting of this house, shall hereafter be 10 o’clock in the morning. On motion of Mr Williams, of North Carolina, the resolution was laid on the table. • Mr. Smith, of Md. moved a reconsidera tion of the vote taken on Saturday, by which permission was refused to tbe mem ber from Virginia, (Mr-Garnett) to spread upon the journals his reasons tor voting a gainst the resolutions ot thi* house to re cognize the Independence of the South American governments. After a few ex planatory observations by Mr. Garnett, the motion to reconsider was supported by Mr. Mercer, Mr. Wrigbt, Mr. Moore, of Alabama, and Mr. Williams of N. Caroli na, when the question was taken thereon and carried. Mr. Taylor called for the yei9 and nays, which were thereupon ordered. Mr. Taylor thought it would be a preee* a precedent of a dangerous nature lo. the house to authorize any thing like a prac tice of this kind. If a member hat a right to record his reasons tor voting in the ne gative, it would be equally the right of those who voted in the affirmative, to spread their reasons on the record. The only case to be found, of reasons for a vote being spread upon the Journal, was that of Mr. Poindexter, then a delegate lrom the territory, of Mississippi, having no right lo vote, and whose motion respecting his own opinions was to be found on re cord. But that case was altogether differ ent from the present, though the Delegate was not in that permitted formerly to re cord his opinion. In the present case the member has voted; yet even that case ad mitted of much controversy and Question The vote of the gentieman from Va. (Mr. Garnett,) was doubtless an independent and honest one* but be thought it inexpe dient and improper to incumber the Jour nals with the speeches of members in sup porter their respective opinions. Mr. Mercer thought the permission that had been granted to gentlemen to vote the next day alter this question had been deci ded, was affording a worse precedent than that which was now proposed. Mr. Fuller remarked that this ought ne ver to be amatter of courtesy, but should be either admitted or refused, as a matter of right at all times, and believieg as he did that such a practice would be impro per and inconvenient* be was opposed to its adoption. Mr. Campbell of Ohio, was in favor of the motion, and believed that no danger was to be apprehended from the precedent, for questions of such great magnitude very seldom occur. Mr. Nelson ol Virginia, regarded the case of Mr, Poindexter to be a precedent of authority. So also was that ot Gen. Reed, who on this very question had been permitted virtually to record his vote, e ven when absent from tbe house. And should it be said by a majority—if you will go with us, we will go to any length in assisting you to accomplish your wishes but if you have independence enough to i vote in opposiiiun to the sentiments of the house and the nation, we will withhold that privilege ? Such a picture he thought ought not to be exhibited. Sir. Warfield thought there could be no danger of the case being drawn into a pre cedent, for lew questions occurred of so great importance as this, and it would al ways be in tbe power of the house to limit the privilege, if in its operation, it should be found inconvenient* It was not now claimed on the ground of right, but of courtesy, and that courtesy had been ac corded to several members of the house, in permitting them to vote alter the time allowable by the rule Mr. Tomlinson had made up his mind to vote in favor ot tbe motion, but be would enter his protest against it as a precedent* He felt himself pressed to vote for it on the ground that similar indulgencies had*been granted to others on this question, but he regarded it as a principle, wnich, if allow ed to acquire the authority ot precedent, would be attended with very inconvenient consequences. Mr. Taylor made a few remarks in reply, and was followed by Mr. Golden, in favor of the motion, and by Mr. Gil mer against it, when the question was ta ken thereon, and decided in the affirma tive—yeas 89, nays 71. Mr. Garnett then submitted his declara tion, which he bad reduced to an abbrevia ted substitute for that proposed by him on Saturday) to be entered on the Journal, which was as follows: I, Robert S. Garnett, a member from Virginia, make the following declaration : That I voted against the recognition of the independence of the late American Pro vinces of Spain, because, considering it a question of policy, not of principle, 1 be lieved that no immediate advantage could grow out of it to either country, whilst many considerations, affecting the interest of ketb, rendered it at this tiae inexpedi ent. f atp not opposed to the indepenT dence of the late province*; on the con. trary, in common with the*est of my couo. trymen, I heartily rejoice in its accom! plisbment, and in the prospectoof fr*e[ dom and happiness which it opens tA them. The engrossed joint resolution relate to the disposition ot the National Paint, ings, executed by Col. Trumbull, read a third time and passed. A Message was received from (he Prf4 sident of the United States relative to t|jfe Beaumarchais* claim, which, together with the documents accompanying the same, on motion of Mr. Smith, of Md. was ordered to be laid on the table. The Speaker laid before 1he House | Communication from the Treasury Depaft. ment, relative to the incidental expenses of the Land Offices at Huntsville, Cahaba, Src. which on motion ot Mr. Steriiug, vv^ ordered to be laid oo the table. And then the House adjourned. THE GAZETTE. THURSDAY, APRIL 2, I822! ——————— — ax Walttt D. Harrison and Col. John Ltti* ton, were on Monday last, elected Dele, gates to the General Assembly of Virginia, for the county of Prince William. The brig Torpedo, arrived yesterday fa 14 days from St Bartholomews, states that the Colombian brig ot war El Vencedor capt. Chase, was brought in there by the 0fficers and marines, the sailors having tinied—they were quelled with great dif ffculty—three or four had been killed, and seven or eight wounded—there were fifty in irons on board. The El Vencedor bad taken three prizes previous to the mutioj. Balt. jlm. Boston, March 27. The U. 9. frigate Macedonian, is readyl for sea, completed her crew, who are all os i board. She only waits for orders. We are sorry that her commander, Capt. fiiddle, has not been in good health since bis am. val in Boston. !* Boston, March 2$. Arrived brig Fair Trader, Hancock, Stf Thomas, 17 days. Left *10tb int. ship Ontario; of New York, discharging- Sail* 1 ed in company, schooner Morning Star, ■ Mantor for Philadelphia. The following particulars of two recent 1 instances of piracies committed od two ft Boston schooners speak loudly against the K practice heretofore pursued in many is-1 stances, of pardoning these miscreants ■ The sthooner Exertion, B. Linda I master, on her passage from Boston to If i rmida.d, was captured oq the 13tb Dec. I off Cape Largo by a small schooner, of ■ about 35 to 46 tons burthen, with a cref It of about 40 men of all nations, armed wi4 -1 one 12 and one 6 pounder, caronadet,aDl ~ small arms in great abundance. The Ex ertion was manned from the piratical va st), carried in back «I the Keys, and id* - chored in 12 feet water, (where jfcfe mi • not be seen by any vessels pnsing thal way,) when they commenced plundering l] her cargo; threw over her deck load ts Cj make room for themselves and to lessen m her draught of water to get her nearerot flj shore* They continued trom day to day I to take out her cargo as they wanted «»1 and sent her boat to the Island of Cuba, to m make sale of the goods* (as they learned ;h afterwards.) They cut bushes and cover* *f ed the mast-heads with them, to prevent» her being seen at a distance. On thal* 38th Dec* Capt. Lincoln and bis crevl. were put on a Sand Key, about 3 miles ■ from the Exertion, but were taken off11 tew days afterwards. Jao. 1st they cull down the railings and bulwarks of the £x* j| ertion. A few days after, Capt. Lincoln.I bis crew and four Spaniards (belonging 'f to another vessel taken by them) were put Jj on a low Sand Key, about a mile from tbo ± vessels, with very little provision and no ft] water—neither were there any to be louna on the Key. On the 9th, they sent several pirates well armed to demand Capt. Lin* coin’s watch, having learned he had s®* creted it about him, which they took and .then departed* On the 18th Jan. they cut away the Exertion’s masts. On the I9tb the pirates came and took them off, and carried them 20 miles farther west, another small low Sand Key, nearly level with the water, and there left them to perish, (as they afterwards learned, leaw™ ing very little provisions.) On the 6(b of Feb. David Warren died, for want oj wafer. About that time they constructed yn a boat, or box, of pieces of sugar boxes and ^ shooks. which they found on the Key, (which they supposed drifted from the Ex* i ertion,) in which the mate, four Spaniard* 1 and one Englishman, went in search of 1 water to some o£tbe neighboring Keys, or I obtain some relief if possible. The third | day after the boat or box was discovered £ by those left on the Key, drifting by, fu‘‘ g of water, from which circumstance it was | supposed those who went in her bad a j g perished. On Saturday* the 16tb a sma * prize to the pirate, having tive men od board, who bad determined to leave tb® pirate, visited the Key and took off th® survivors. On the 17th went on board tbe Exertion; found every thing above boaf^ gone, except the bowspri* and all her car* go, except about 70 I be provisions. Do the 22d they arrived in Trinidad*. »rofll whence Capt. Linclon arrived in tbisplac® Fie and bis crew were on the Keys day9, during which time they bad very little to subsist on, and not a place to she i ter them from the weather; but they sUl* fered most tor want of water | The schooner Constitution, Capt*1*1 Huxford, hence for Trinidad, was also !la ken by the same pirate, on board of whica vessel Capt. A. remained 16 days, wb®* he and his crew weie set ashore on Cuba* whence they travelled to Havana, as b* been stated before. Capt. H. positive fact, that tu'tntv-one ©/*»• tains composing part of the crew oj t piratical vessel, were the same tnsn^f