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The Alexandria gazette. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1822-1822, May 02, 1822, Image 2

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sire it; and, in fine, where the right of
the United States to sanction, and de
clare legitimate, a rebellion without ,
cause, and the event of which is not
even decided ?
I do not think it necessary to prove
that, if the state of Spanish America
were such as it is represented in the ;
Message; that, if the existence of its go- |
vernment were certain and established;
that, if the impossibility of its re-union
with Spain were so indisputable; and
that, if the justice of its recognition
were so evident, the powers of Europe,
interested in gaining the friendship of
countries so important for their coni
xnerce, would have been negligent in
fulfilling it. But, seeing how distant
the prospect is of even this result, and
faithful to the ties which unite them
with Spain, they await the issue ot the
contest; and abstain from doing a gra
tuitous injury to a friendly government
the advantages of which are doubtful,
nnd the odium certain. Such wdll be
that which Spain will receive from the
United States in case the recognition
proposed in the Message should take
effect, aud posterity will be no less lia
ble to wonder that the power which has
received the most proofs of the friend
ship of Spain, should be the one de
lighted with being the first to take a
step which could have only been ex~
peeted from another that had been iit*
Although I could enlarge upon thi6
disagreeable subject, I think it useless
to do so, because the sentiments which
the message ought to escite in the breast
of every Spaniard can be no secret to
,you. Those which the King of Spain
will experience at receiving a notifica
tion so unexpected, will be doubtless ve
ry disagreeable; and at the same time
that I hasten to communicate it to His
Majesty, I think it my duty to protest.
as I do solemnly protest, against the re
cognition of the governments mentioned
of the insurgent provinces of America,
hy the United States; declaring that it
can in no way now, or at any time les
sen, or invalidate, in the least, the right
of Spain to the said provinces, or to
employ whatever means may be in her
power to re unite them 10 the rest of Iter
I pray you 6ir, to he pleased to lay
this protest before the President and I
Patter myself that, convinced of the so
lid reasons which have dictated it, he
will suspend the measure which he has
.proposed to Congress, and that he will
give to His Catholic Majesty this proof
of his friendship and of his justice.
I remain, with the most distinguished
consideration, praying God to guard
your life many years, your most obedi
ent humble servant,
Johm Q. Adams,
Secretary of Stale.
--— ■ ■ —
The Secretary of State to the Minis'*
ter from Spain.
Department of State.
Washington, 6th April 1822.
Sir: Your letter of the 9th of March
Was, immediately after I had the Honor
of receiving it, laid before the President
of the United States, by w hom it has
been deliberately considered, and by
whose direction, 1 am, in replying to it,
to assure you of the earnestness and sin
cerity with which this government de
sires to entertain and to cultivate the
most friendly relations with that of
5: pain.
1 uis disposition hag been manifested,
rot only by the uniform course of the
United States, in their direct political
and commercial intercourse with Spain,
but by the friendly interest which they
have felt in the welfare of the Spanish
nation, and by the cordial sympathy
with which they have witnessd their spi
rit and energy, exerted in maintaining
their independence of all foreign control
and their right of self government.
In every question relating to the in
dependence of a nation, two principles
are involved; one of right and the other
of fact. The former exclusively depen
ding upon the determination of the na
tion itself, and the latter resulting from
the successful execution of that deter
mination. This right has been recent
ly exercised, as well by the Spanish na
tion in Europe, as by several of those
countries in the American hemisphere,
which had for two or three centuries
been connected as colonies with Spain.
In the conflicts which have attended
these revolutions the United States have
carefully abstained from taking any
part, respecting the right of the nations
concerned in them, to maintain or new
organize their own political constitu
tions, and observing, wherever it was a
contest by arms, the most impartial neu
trality. But the civil war in which
Spain was for some years involved with
the inhabitants of her colonies in Ame
rica, has, in substance, ceased to exist
Treaties, equivalent to an acknowledge
ment ot independence, have been con
cluded by the commanders and vice-roys
of Spain herself, with the Republic of
Colombia, with Mexico, and with Peru;
while in the Provinces of La Plata, and
in Chili, no Spanish force has for sever
al years existed to dispute the indepen
dence which the inhabitants of those
countries had declared.
Under these circumstances, the go
vernment of the United States, far from
consulting the dictates of a policy ques
tionable in its morality, has yielded to
V obligation of duty of the highest or
m*, by recognizing, as independent
states, nations,which,after deliberately
asserting*their right to that charactei,
have maintained and established it a
gainst all the resistance which had been
or could be brought to oppose it.. This
recognition is neither intended to inval
idate any right of Spain, nor to affect
the employment of any means which she
may yet be disposed, or enabled to use,
with the view of re-uniting those Pro
vinces to the rest of her dominions. It
is the mere acknowledgement of exist
ing facts, with the view to the regular es
tablishment with the nations newly for
med, of those relations, political and
commercial, which it is the moral:; obli
gation of civilized and Christian nations
to entertain reciprocally with one ano
It will not be necessary to discus* with
you a detail of facts, upon which your
information appears to be materiallydif
ferent from that which has been com
municated to this government, and is of
public notoriety; nor the propriety of
the denominations which you have at
tributed to the inhabitants of the South
American provinces. It is not doubted
that other and more correct views of
of the whole subject will very shortly be
taken by your government, and that it,
as well a9 the other European govern
ments, will shew that deference to the
example of the United States, which you
urge as the duty or the policy of the U.
States to shew to theirs. The effect ot
the example of one lndeDenaeni nauuu
upon the councils and measures of ano
ther, can be just only so far as it is vo
luntary* and as the United States desire
that their example should be followed,
so it is their intention to follow that of
others upon no other principle They
confidently rely that the time is at hand
when all the governments of Europe,
friendly to Spain, and Spain herself,
xvillnot only concur in the acknowledge
ment of the independence of the Ame
rican nations, but in the sentiment that
nothing will tend more effectually to the
welfare and happiness of Spain, than the
| universal concurrence in that recogni*
I pray you sir, to accept tho assurance
of my distinguished consideration,
Don Joaquin de Anduaga
Envoy Extraordinary% fyc.
Congressional Proceedings.
From the National Intelligencer.
Mr- Newton, from the Committee on
Commerce, reported a bill to provide for
the appointment of Deputy Collectors ol
the Customs; which was twice read, and
after a few observations from Mr. N- or
dered to be engrossed for a third reading.
Mr. Eustis, from the Committee on Mil
itary Affairs, to whom was referred a bill
from the Senate to repeal the 14th section
ot an act to reduce and fix the military
peace establishment, passed March 2,1821,
reported the same without amendment-—
and the bill was ordered to a third reading.
Presidential Districts Proposed.
Mr, Montgomery submitted the follow
ing joint resolution for consideration:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America
in Congress assembled, That the following
propositions shall be submitted to the le
gislatures of the several states, as amend
ments to the national constitution, which,
it ratified by three lourths ot the said legis
latures, shall immediately thereafter be va
lid, to all intents and purposes, as part of
the said constitution
1. The United States shall he divided
into four sections, to be styled Presiden
tial Sections, in the following manner, viz:
Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts,
Khode-Island. Connecticnt, Vermont, and
New York, shall constitute one—New Jer
sey,, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland,
and Virginia, shall constitute another—
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, airi Ten
nessee, shall constitute another—and Ken
tucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missou
ri, shall constitute another.
2. That immediately after the next elec
tion of a President of the United States,
the said sections shall be designated by
numbers in the following manner, viz: the
residence ot the person recently elected as
President, shall be determined by the joint
vote ot the Senate and House of Represen
tatives ot the United Stales, and the sec
tion within which he resides as a citizen,
shall be «ty!ed the First Presidential sec
tion, and the number of each of the other
sections shall be determined by a lottery
drawn by the President of the Senate and
Speaker of the House ot Representatives
in the presence ofthe members of the two
Houses; in the Hall of the Repiesentatives
—and thereafter each section shall he de*
signaled by its number so drawn.
3. That forever after the sections are so
designated, a President ofthe United States
shall be elected from the sections respec
tively in rotation, the first being a citizen
| of the second section—the second election
\ to be of a citizen of the third, and so on as
before mentioned in regular rotation.
4* That any State hereafter admitted in
to the Union, shall be considered as a part
of that section on which it binds by the
greatest ex ent of its boundary.
5. 1 hat whenever it is ascertained by
the census of the United States that any
section contains double the represented
numbers ol the section containing the low
est represented numbers, such section shall
be divided by Congress, and the numbers
ot each determined by lottery as before di
rected, the one section taking the former
number and the other a higher number
This resolution having been read
Mr. M. said be did not expect to call up
this proposition for consideration until the
next session of Congress. He submitted it
now to bring it to the view ofthe House and
of the nation—and however laughable ft
might appear to some gentlemen, he con
sidered it a very serious matter. He die
not say how be should himself vote upon it,
but be considered it an affair of great mo
ment, well worthy of being considered, a1
well by the members of this House as by
the people generally** sod unless an entire
change should be made in his views of the
subject, he should call it up at the next ses
S °The resolution was ordered to lie on the
table accordingly, . ...
Mr Graham gave notice that he should,
on Tuesday next, move for the consider
ation of the bill reported by the Committee
on the suppression of the Slave Trade.
Mr. Hardin called for the consideration
of the bill reducing the compensation of
Senators and Representatives in Congress,
k Mr. Walworth called for the "yeas and
nays on on the question; which were taken
accordingly, and resulted as follows:
YEAS 1*3
So the House agreed to consider the
same; and the first section of the bill being
under consideration. [After a long, gene
ral, and pointed debate, the house adjour
ned at 4 o’clock, without taking any ques
tion of importance. The necessity of re
trenchment was allowed on all sides to be
THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1822.
Washington, April 30.
The bill for levying tolls on this Road, yes
terday finally passed the House of Representa
tives, by (all things considered,) a handsome
! majority. The next thing is to provide for the
punishment of persons wantonly injuring or
defacing the Road, bridges,&c. and this truly
Roman work will escape the early dilapidation
by which it had otherwise been threatened.
Nat. InU
Certain persons in this country are literally
missionary mad. A writer in a Boston paper
lately proposed to tax that city to the amount
of some millions, for the diffusion of religion;
and a more recent communication to an Utica
paper, proposes to accomplish the same object
by the cultivation of potatoes. A plan is sub
mitted, by which Oneida county may be made
to grow 160.000 bushels, valued at 30,000 dol
lars, and the whole state yield a crop worth
d 1,372,812. /f the whole of the United States
were thus piously cultivated, they would give
a net revenue of nine millions of dollars. The
object of the scheme is meritorious, and we
regret that the projector has overlooked one
objection that may prove fatal to it—when all
the potatoes are raised, who are to eat them ?
N Y. Amer.
London, March 22.—The Agricultural
Committee, it is affirmed, have resolved upon
the following scale of protecting duties—
1. That the future impoit price of wheat
shall be seventy instead of eighty shillings.
2. That a duty of twelve shillings he imposed
upon imported wheat, when the price is from
70s to 80s.
3* That a duty of 5s. he imposed upon im
ported wheat, w'hen the price is from 80s to
85s; after which the duty shall he reduced to
4. That a further additional duty of 5s. shall
| be imposed upon imported wheat, for the first
I three months after the ports open, and when
■ the price is from 70s to 85s.
It is rumoured that a principal of a famous
distillery in Paris, is about to establish himself
in London, to distil brandy from potatoes bv a
i process which has succeeded in France, but
| which he was there obliged to relinquish on
1 account of the high duties laid on to protect the
vine growers. The brandy made was accoun
! ted as fine flavored as that distilled from grapes.
Three houses in the iron trade, in Stafford,
shire, have stopt payment; one of them has
turned adrift 700 workmen.
J*aris, March 27—“The Duke of Laroche
foueault Liancourt, Inspector-General of the
School of Arts at Charlous, has just gone to
that town, in consequence of some marks of
insubordination among the pupils in that
school. Several of these young people have
been sent hack to their parents.
“Letters from Montididicr (Somme.) say
that fires are seen almost every night in the
surrounding country. The authors of these
outrages even have the audacity to commit
them in ' e day-time. To prevent these mis
fortunes, and to secure the general safety, the
Magistrates have placed military posts in sev
eral villages.”
In the British House of Commons,
on Wednesday, the 20th March, Mr.
Marryat presented a petition from the
island of Grenada complaining of the
distresses of the British Colonies in
that part. He detailed the great de
pression, and the causes which had pro
duced it. The slave-trade was contin
ued with dreadful activity in the foreign
colonies, which were by that means en
abled to raise their produce cheaper.
The petitioners therefore pray the go- !
vernment here to exert its influence, |
with other European powers, to put a
stop to thi6 odious traffic. But the great
est and most pressing cause of the ex
isting suffering, was the loss of the trade
with the United States. England, some
years back, forbid the trade with the
| States, except in British ships; and, in
retaliation, the Republic had prohibited
all importation whatever from the isl
ands. Thus, the W’est Indies were net
only deprived of an extensive market,
but cut off from their supply in return
of lumber and provisions. They re
sorted to Canada, &.c. it was true; but
those provinces did not consume a sixth
part of what they had been used to send
to the Republic; so confined a market
was soon glutted, and the Canadians of
course discontinued sending their lum»
ber and provisions, finding they could
get no returns of value. The result was
most lamentable. West India property
was alarmingly depreciated. An estate,
which sold some years back for ^40,
000, was lately purchased for 3,000.
One planter wrote w?ord,thathc intend
eu to divide Ins instate among his i^e
rroes, in Order that they might raise
food to live upon. Fifty per cent, was
given for credit on provisions, as the
sellers knew they must bring actions for
the amount, and they were allowed pre
cedence in recovering ft, even before
mortgages. The petitioners prayed the
consideration of Parliament on this
system and ' indicated one measure of
relief, in being allowed to trade direct
with certain European countries, in
lieu of first unloading and reloading
in England; a practice which increased
the expense to them enormously, and
produced no benefit to the revenue.—
They also stated, that even in the Bri
tish market East India sugars were
gaining very much on West India; and
they prayed that as they were heavily
taxed and restricted, they might be put
on a footing of fair competition by adu*
ty on sugars from the E. Indies.* The
petition was laid on the table.
Boston, April 25.
Extract of a letter from Paris, dated
March 2d, to a gentleman in this city.
“You will see by the paper I sfend you,
that there has been some disturbance in
this city for two or three nights past; but
as little is said with regard to the cause of
this commotion, it is necessary that 1
t r i « _i . r
snouiu give you some atcuum ui u.
“There is a large number of Catholic
Missionaries employed by government to
preach in the different arrondissements of
tbi.sjcity, and throughout the country, in
order to reclaim such' as have embraced
infidelity, and bring back to the bosom of
the churchy those who have wandered,
1 and to restore the church to the state of pu
rity, in which it was before the revolu
tion. From the nature of their employ
ment, and the manner in which they are
paid, you might well expect that they
would have not only zeal to build up the
kingdom of their Lord, but also to sup
port that of the Bourbons. Accordingly
we find them singing in the churches, in a
very lively air,
'Vive le France—Vive le Roi,
‘ Toujours en France le Bourbon* el la
At other times,
'Vive U Roi.
*Vive laJoi,
'Vive la croiXy <$*c.
“With regard to the design of govern
ment in employing these men, and the ef
fect likely to be produced on the minds
of the people, as it respects genuine re
ligion, 1 shall make no remark, except
that there has been several lost sheep
brought back, on the shoulder? of these
good shepherds, into the Catholic fold,
and 90 safely housed, that I do not think
any wolf of a Calvin or Luther, will ever
be able to catch them. Brebi? heuncuses!
But it so happens, that there are here, as
in most other places, many stiff-necked,
untamcable, wild as the young ass’s colt,
and who cannot be made to listen with
pleasure to these good missionaries. On
the contrary, they speak of them with
contempt; say tfhat they preach des sottis
ses, foolish things; talk about abstemious
ness, while they daily load their mortal
bodies with roast beef, fowls, pates de
Slrasburg, &c. all well diluted with the
best old Burgundy Champagne. There
are also others, who do not think that
faith in Jesus Christ and the Bourbons, are
inseparably connected. Many of these,
and if I mistake not, the greater part of
them, are such as profess to be ‘bon ca•
‘ Last 1 hursday evening, the missiona
ries rssembled at the church of Notre !
Dame des Victories, in order to pieach
and sing; but, instead of finding an atten
tive audience, they found themselves so
much hissed, that they could not proceed.
Presently a crowd was collected around
the church, and much noise succeeded —
The strong arm of military power was
thought necessary; three or four hundred
gens d’armere were called out, who suc
ceeded in preventing the missionaries
from receiving further insults. Some were
wounded, several arrested, among whom
Were Gen. Demarcay, and M. de Cor
celles, members of the Chamber o! Depu
“Friday evening, the crowd collected
again; the streets near the church were
filled with gens d’armere, the shops all
closed, and none but women permitted to
enter the church.
“Third of March.—Last night,the mis
sionaries rested from their labors, and all
was peaceful.
“1 suppose they will preach again to
night, and I expect more difficulty.
“What will he the issue of this, I do not
venture to predict; I leave you to make
pour own reflections. I will only add
that lately two applications have been
made to government for permission to
form bible societies, and have been re
Norfolk, April 29.
To the attention of Capt. Saunders,
owner of the Packet Scbr. James Monroe,
•ve are indebted for a copious List ot ves
sels arrived at and sailed from ihe Balize.
—A friendly correspondent at N. Orleans
also forwarded to us by the James Monroe,
a variety of papers of that city to 10th
inst* inclusive, and the New-Orleans Com
mercial Report of the 6tb inst* The pa
pers furnish nothing new. We extract
the following notice of the Markets from
the Commercial Report.
New-Orleans, Jlpril 6.
Cotton —The market continues, steady
and active- Extensive sales, of almost
every description, have been effected this
week, without any reduction in price—
one or tfvo lots of extra quality, (near
three hundred bales) brought 23 cent9,
and a small quantity was sold at 22$ a 22*.
It may be thought that in some sales of
inferior quality which have taken place, a
reduction has been submitted to; but .
where any marks have sold for less than
former prices, it ha9 been owing to depre
ciation in the quality of the cotton; for it
is well known, that there, is considerable
difference between the early and latter
pickings of the same crop.
niae^-Our ftiiees are according r,
actual sales* The transaction* of th
week, although not extensive, author;,11
us in rawing our quotations of the ben
qualities a fraction fiiger. le'
Flour,—It will be seen by our sht
ment, that the stock on hand is daily -
meriting; good baiter’s flour has howe?/r
suffered less decline in price thanini»u!
have been expected. ™
Freight*.—Pur highest quotations ban
been given in a great many instance*
Some are asking 14 cts for cotton coa$K
wise, and it is thought good vessels wi5
sooo command that rate*
, [Commercial RiporU
Price* Current at N. Orleans, April6
Cotton, best qua]. 21 a 23 ct«; 2d quaj
17 a 18 cts; inferior to middling, 12 ajf'
cU; Alabama, 12 a 154; Molasses, 26 4 Cfc.
dull; Sugar, (Lou ) on plantation, 8 a si
in town, 84 a 94; Havana Brown, 8 a $.
do. White, 14 a :44; Tobacco, 1st q), A
a fr» 2d qual* 34 a 34; Whiskey, 26 cenii
gal. sales.
JVevc- York, April 29~
The ship Cincinnatus, capt. Champlin,
rived on Saturday in the very short passage of
23 days from London. By th.s vessel, the Ed
itors of the New-York Daily Advertiser blv.
received the London Times of the 1st of Apr]
from which the following articles are extract.
London, April 1.
Thursday’s Paris papers announce, on the I
authority of the Nantes Journal, that 25 oi
cersof different ranks have been arrested t
Rochelle, in consequence of the informal^
given by some of their associates in the pU
No further circumstances have yet transp^j
to determine its extent or its precise object,
The articles of the budget continued on ty^.
nesday to form the subjects of discussion iT’
the Chamber of Deputies, and gave riseto tht
usual bursts of intemperance between the op.
posing parties. General Girard took occasion
in the course of his speech, to eulogize the mi^
itary administration of Marsha] St. Cyr,andio
reproach the ministers with the practical abar
donment of the law for recalling the veterans <f
the Imperial army to activity, under the fon* *
of an army of reserve.
The most important circumstances ofproric. *
cialnews detailed in the last Irish papers,mw
be summed up in the murder of the unforto
nate man named O’Neill, and the recovery
Miss Goold, who has been restored to .1
friends, much harrassed by fatigue, but other *
wise uninjured.
By letters of Thursday from Paris we learn
that the French funds have declined to i
85c. being a fall of full 1 1-2 per cent. Thisu ^
ascribed to large sales made on English ac
count, and to rumors of approaching bostifei
between Russia and Turkey; but the first ciiw 5
is inadequate, and the last has been so often re
peated as to have wholly lost its effect. \St 5
understand the real or the principal causeto k |
the receipt of some unpleasant intelligence frea
Brest, relative to the temper of the military t
that place, who were said to be in a stateof»|
subordination. What added very much tot$*l
impression that this news made'at Paris,]
the entire uncertainty as to the actual extents*
the danger. Nothing was known but that tht
gates of Brest w ei e closed bv order, and that tw
individuals were suffered to enter or to ®o out/
With so imperfect a degree of information it I
would be idle to speculate on what maybe the?;
actual grounds for the alarm.
On Friday night an Austrian courier arrived
at the Secretai y of tjtate’s.oflice for Foreign. -
Affairs, in Downing-street with despatches.
A Paris paper statesM.Chateaubriand,wh«e _
appointment as Ambassador to London to
long ago announced, was to set out definitive
ly for that mission on Friday, with a legation
composed of M. Ma Marcellus and Delator,son
of the Deputy of that name, audof M. Ber j
trin, son of the editor of the Journal dcs IX-1
The Active frigate, Captain A. King, is Jo I
be fitted at Portsmouth directly, for therecep-J
tion of Mr. Canning and suite. Mr. Ellis, i ]
is said, goes as Secretary to the Goveinor-Gc .j
| Advices were received on Saturday fron I
Trieste, dated the 15lh ult. stating that tl# j
Turkish and Greek fleets had come toanacj
tion;in which the former hove been defeated
: with the loss of 25 vessels, of the class of Tn.'
port Ships. The account rests on theautnor.
tv of the commander of a vessel arrived ■ ,
Trieste, who declared that he was an eye-*1’ J
ness of the engagement, which w as foughtwg
the 3d ult. The Greeks, it is said, had?>|
sail, and the Turks only 60 ; and among tint J
were no ships of the first class. With reap, j
to the sccnce of the action, we are left wit hoc 9
information, but it is probable that it was foil!' I
in the Gulf of Lepanto. Wc learn by letters^
thelithult. from Ancona, that a vessel^
arrived there in ten days from Calami
which reported that the Turkish fleet haa’
chored off Navarino, and subsequently enter*
the Gulf of Lepanto, where thev were descii'*
by the Greek fleet, w hich immediately
in pursuit of them, dt would be the policy
the Turks, after landing the troops at Pal'1
t« convey reinforcements across the Gu!’
Lepanto with the view of strengthening ^
operations in the Morea ; a measure which.'
the Greeks, it was most essential to fnistrtf
That an engagement has occurred, is d*6'4
fore extremely probable.
We are indebted to the politeness of the E^*4
of the Boston Evening Gazette for the !
Boston* April 27
Capt. Brace arrived at Salem infc»r®!£
that Irom Ibe I7lli to the 24th of Febm*•
great commotions and many bloody ^
had taken place at St- Salvador, in
qtience ot the arrival of an EuropeanG*
noral to take command as Govern0ra\
Military Chief; supported by the Euwtf®^
and Portuguese troops, about Soooiirjjj!
her, be demanded of the Brazilian
mander the resignation of bis autbofll
and the latter supported by the
troops and populace, refusing, they
fired upon in the palace square, and ac
sitlerable number killed and wounded.
The Brazilians were compelled to *
treat to fort San Pedro, where tliey • i
mained till the 2lst, when they evacM jjj
it, and retired to the country, leaving
commander a prisoner, who would Pr|J;M
bly Le sent to Europe lor trial. "KM

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