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THE I3RATTLEBOHO DAILY REFORMER. ttOXDAY; JANUARY 30, 1922.
RUSSIA S SCHOOLS ARE IMPOVER SHED El HAVE NOT "TAMED" LIGHTNING Expression Is Common Since Frank lin's Famous Experiment, but It is Not Accurate. Both Teachers and Pupils Are Ragged and Hungry SALARIES UNPAID MONTHS AT A TIME I'ay for Month Wilt, liuy Only Half of Fair of Shoes Some Teachers Live In School Rooms to Get Heat Keep Alive By Trailing In Market. MOSCOW, Jan. .'JO. The virtual breakdown of Russia s school system is one of the tragedies of the general econ omic situation. Outside of this city, in the dozens of smaller places where the correspondent travelled, the poverty of both teachers and pupils is appalling. 1 hose in the United States who got their education by tramping for miles through snows to the little red schoolhoiise were far belter off than the eager students of this land. 'How can I. teach?" asked a woman teacher in hamara. " 1 have barely enough clothes to cover my body, I sleep in a cold room and I have next to nothing to eat. For months my salary lias not been paid. 1 keep life together by trading in the-public market, selling goods on commission. Nor can I expect the children to learn. lhev come to school hungry, poorly clad and, as the rooms are cold, we go through the mo tions of learning, that is all. They haven't any books; there is no chalk for the blackboards. The discipline goes to pieces." In Moscow, teachers salaries hadn't I ecu (.aid for many-months, until re cently, when they were given trom 300. ouo to jW,(mm.) rubles each, as a month's salary equivalent to the price of 1 pounds of butter, half enough to by a pair of shoes, or one-tenth the cost of a suit of clothes. The .men and women teachers are ragged, wearing clothing that is literally falling apart. Some or them have secured the privilege of living in the school buildings where some heat is furnished. The clot lung of the pupils is on a par with that of the teacher. In Moscow schools, notwithstanding, tin-re is pm I discipline and the pupils show an abiding will to learn. They are astonishingly light-hearted. Except some rather strange religious opinions, they are happv and merry for all their poverty and just like American school children. They are not all Communistic. They make fun of their comrades or teacher who wear long hair and call thernselveV liolsheyiki. They attend lectures bv j i.upaciiar-Ki commissioner ot schools. or Madame I.enine, or others, that run through a whole afternoon and they do this on empty stuniudja. and yet d not complain. When we wish to speak figuratively of our achievements in electricity ve are accustomed to boast that we have "tamed the lightning," or something of the kind. But In reality we have done no such thing. Lightning Is a well known natural electrical phenomenon nut tne electricity that we use is drawn from another source it was "tame" to start with. To catch lightning discharge and reduce its voltage so that it may be utilized is a different matter. It may be sug gested that the result might not Ix? " worth the trouble. Ever since Franklin's famous kite was sent upon its flight certain op tiinistic individuals have thought that this pretty experiment was the kev to untold power and wealth. The tumult caused by a severe thunder storm has evidently led them to be lieve that vast quantities of electricity are tumbling about in the upper air ami to renaer tnese avaiiaoie to man needs only some method of tapping the invisible reservoir. Now it has been said that the quantity of electric ity taking part in a flash of light ning could be collected on a Humble: but the handling and restraining of this thimbleful of electricity present a protMem which few electrical engi neers would tare to undertake. It is a great achievement to vise the water at Niagara to drive a dynamo; but most of us would hesitate at the thought of employing a stream of rifle bullets for the same purpose. First Sunday School in 65 Years Open at Walcott TREASURE HIDDEN IN RUSSIA MILK PRODUCERS MAY FORM POOL Fortunes in Gold and Jewels Success fully Concealed From Soviet Officials. Treasures of gold and jewels are still hidden in Russia, secure from soviet requisitions and robberies, their estimated value mounting into the hundreds of millions of gold rubles. Russian families, especially in jewel collections, were far more wealthy than families of corresponding means in other countries, and it is certain that neither the soviet nor refugees have taken all these gems for sale abroad. On several occasions, fami lies have fold the correspondent how they outwitted the soviet agents. In one family, diamond and pearl neck laces were broken up and the parts bidden, at dead of night, in bed posts, in the tubing of electric light conduits, in garbage pails and even in paper weights lying exposed on a table. When soviet agents came to make in- Mayor Declares He Would Close Church if Estab ' lished Folks Poorly Educated WALCOTT, la., Jan. "P.O. Walcott is looking up in a religious way. This vil cage, whose chief executive. Mayor Strohbien, no less than three months ago hoated that it had never had a church within the limits of the commun ity in the last 0.) years now has a Sun day school. According to Dr. Leroy Cofunaii. pastor of t lie First Presbyterian church of Davenport, la., the Sunday school was established as a result of the inl'uence of a little girl who had attended vaca tion Jlible school at his church. Dr. Coif man states: "The mayor was opposed to' its exist ence but the written permission of all other members of the school board of this city of Walcott in response to gen eral sentiment in its favor, obtained the school building for the Sunday school ami it is now an established fact." Dr. A. Frank Ilonscr, pastor of the Cal vary I'aptist church of Davenport re cently made an inspection of this village and rejiorts that: "Some weeks ago a Sunday school was started in Walcott. perhaps the first in all the history of the town now in its twth year. Ihere was no decided objection to the Sunday school being started by the young people and children of the village but in case a church was started the mayor threat ened to close it. "We looked into the educational con ditions and found that the regular school only this year was advancing to an in termediate grade preparatory to a high school course, which some of the students take in Davenport, 1'- miles away. The town is Go years old and has never sent a person to college from its immediate village precincts. Several have taken academic and normal courses at Cedar I and Iowa Falls, but no one entered eol-j lege. There have been three from fha country or farm houses who attended! Ames Agricultural college, out I could only learn of one that took the full course. ' ' Dr. Ilouser also reported that almost the entire community that located here are known to have immigrated to this country from Holstein and the Danish Rhenish borders, about vS. This vil lage, during the world war was known as "Little Rcrlin." "What's in a Name?" By MILDRED MARSHALL Fct about your name; Imhtstory; mean ing; whence It wai derived; significance; your lucky day and Jucky jewel. BRATTLEBORO LOCAL The r.rattleboro town hockev team and another R.rattleboro team will play on the Retreat skating rink tomorrow night at S o'clock. News has been received here of the death yesterday of Joseph La Forrest, who was killed on a juisscnger train be tween I'.oston and Worcester. He for merly lived in R.rattleboro. (Jen. Andrew Jackson chapter. I'nited States Daughters of will meet with Miss Delia Sherman at 17 Cedar street tomorrow afternoon from P. to o'clock. A good attendance is desired. Edward J. Gannon, three and one-half months old. son of Mr. and Mrs. Ed- ward Gannon of South Main street, died this morning after a few days-' illness with pneumonia. The funeral arrange ments have ;iot been made. T I he Canal street Parent-Teacher as sociation will hold its annual business nu-eting in the Canal street school buililiiiL' tomorrow at ; J ;-!." o'clock. Mili- rs will be elected and a program will 1 iriven bv the children of the grades. It is hoped the attendance will be large. The funeral of Arh.-i S. I loll, rook, who ied Thursday. Jan. '. was held Satur day afternoon at 2 o'clock in the home of his sister. Mrs. J. R. Nichols of Frost street. Rev. Clark T. Rrownell. pastor f the First I'aptist church, i.thciated. I'he bearers were Dana Yeaw, Ernest White. Clarence Moon and L'rnest Al- drich. The body was placed in the vault in Prospect Hill cemetery. It will be taken to Townsheinl for burial. A news item in the Adams. Mass.. cor- 5b 57 pomlence in ' tedav's Springfield Re publican, dated Sundav. savs: "A votinsr spections they tapped the walls, tore, woman charged with the abandonment of up the floors and dug in the gardens. her infant child had her case continued New York Plan to Re Discussed at An nual Meeting of New England Milk Producers" Association. POSTO.Y. Jan. P.O. A "pooling plan." under which the farmers would take over all activities relative to pro duction of milk and its delivery to dis tributors at great centers, such as Ros ton. at a certain price per quart, may coi.ie up for. action at the annual meet ing of the New England Milk Produc er:." association, to be held tomorrow and Wednesday at the American I louse in I his city! The opening session tomorrow morn ing will be taken up with the report of the committee on credentials, announce ment of committees, reading of the rec ords and the annual address of the pres ident. Preceding the annual dinner at 7 o'clock, there will be state caucuses for the nomination of directors of the as sociation. Milo I). Campbell will be toast master at the dinner and one of the principal addresses will be delivered by! Mis Louise Fitzgerald of the National' Dairy council. I It is during the session of Wednesday i niiiir tliHt discussion of tvMiliii! ' lean" will be introduced by E. R. East- ni,P man of the New York Dairymen's league, who will tell about The New York Pooling Plan. How such a plan would affect the New Eneland produc er- will then be discussed bv Richard! Though Pattee. secretary and .-. managing direc tor, and W. P. Davis, assistant manager, of the local association. - Prior to this discussion there will be ii-i address on Dairy Situation with Re but found nothing. With free trade, many of these hidden treasures are coming out, to be sold in the market, to tide the owners through the winter. R. Shaw in she proiisi-il was brought upon the in- her sister, with whom she left Starlings Renew War. Following the frost line down from Canada and the Maine mountains, the starlings are beginning to return and droves of them may be seen flying about the suburbs, says the New York Sun. From their posts fn the trees and along the telephone wjres they whistle to their fellows and hurl de fiance to the English sparrow. The starlings, introduced into this country several years ago from north- i ern Hi rope, nave proven popular birds. They are Industrious bug catchers and are said to be the only bird that will pick a fight .with the sparrow. The latter, learning through bilter experience, give their dark colored tiva;s a wide berth. The starling, being a cold weather bird, generally departs for the North late in the spring. With the first cold I bey are hack for another sear son's- frolic in New York's snows. indefinitely bv Judge Fred district court yesterday after to "care for the baby. She here from Rtattleboro, Vt., stance of the child.' Phyllis. younze'st daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Trahan. died at 11.P.O o'clock last evening following an illness of six months with diabetes. She was born in R.rattleboro Nov. 'J'J. V.ils. De sides her parents she leaves one brother. Norman Trahan. The funeral will be held tomorrow morning at !.oO o'clock in St. Michaels Roman Catholic 35 ,30 24 31 32 3o 23 33 2a G0 27 3 43 8 9 13 4o 4 42 7 4i 44 io 53 53 2b 14 '5- 12, 25 45 4b 57' 17 si 24 . S3 4a 40 11 19 .2o 23 2 12. '54 55 ROSALIE. ROSALIE and Jtoso, appear to (be of the same general root, the more euphonious name of Rosalie being a French extraction. A curious point is that the color rose is irrevocably as sociated with the name Rosalie, as well as Rose. The history of the name Rtsalie is mos't Interesting. It first was given to fair women of France and it was there that St. Dominic arranged a series of flevotions by means of tell ing beads upon a trinfe. These formed the rosarium, or rose garden, or freely translated, delbgluts of devotion. The Rosarium has a day to Itself In the uoman calendar and may possibly. have named Che transatlantic Saint Rose dl Luina, which, gave rise to Ro sita. Switzerland "alls her Rosel and France .' Rosine or Rosette. In Eng land she is Ros.inne, sometimes Rosa bella, meaning "beautiful rose." From Italy comes Rosina arwl Rosetla. A more rare, but no less charming inter pretation Ls RoseaDia, signifying "white rose." There are red roses and white roses and yellow roses In nature, yet the real roso ls the deep pink and the bearer erf the "name or any of its de rivatives should surround herself with the flrrwers If she would wish the psychic atmosphere which their qual ity insures. Her jewel is that rare beautiful gem, the flajme-hearted ruby. It denotes pride and haughtiness and appoints Tuesday as the fortunate day for Its wearer and three the iuck.v number. (Copyright ) O There's Plenty of Time. "How time tiles! It se.jnis bm yester day I went to school." "Oh, lor', Maria, for benv make It the day before yes; Cartoons Magazine. SpeciaJs i ;; ake -O- Poor Philisr3ne! Mrs. Iii)ley (with newspaper) Says here that I. W. (Griffiths invented the close-up. Dibley Who's he -dancing master? I'.uffalo Express. () A Reasonable Restraint. "You never talk srajidal." "No." replied Miss Cayenne. "Tbf fact that rvp!e do something terrible Why. oIl. why does Willie try? lie was willi this. oh. my! Draw from one to two and so on to the end. WEST BRATTLEBORO is no reason why thing shocking." I should say some- -- The ael's burial will cemeterv. tak e plate in St. Mich vti- v;n...i,.. v til"rt'!1- the Neighborhoo.l V GOVERNMENT MUST INSURE TRAFFIC l Hooper Says Labor Disputes With Rail- roads Should lie Aljudicated I5y I Outside Parties. NEW YORK. Jan. P.O. The only practicable, effective and just method that' the government can set up for the adjust-! ment of railroad labor controversies is adjudication by a competent tribunal, whose decisions shall be enforceable by suitable penalties. Den W. Hooper, pub lic member of the United States railroad labor board, told the civic federation in an aildress here today. This was added by Mr. Hooper to his other five propositions looking toward conitnhle sett lenient of mil i- ii . I .Iw.witi. (bout RKHi, their combination These were: "That efficient and uninterrupted trans portation is indispensable to the public welfare. - StellHia'i entertained ub at live hundred in her home Sat unlay evening. Miss Margaret Maguire. h i had been ill several days, has returned to her work as clerk in J. E. Mann's dry goods store. The World Wide guild girls will have a "Ground Hog" social Thursday evening at S o'clock in the P.aptist vestry. The benefit will be f;r the guild and Ladies' Aid society. A small admission fee will be asked. Evcrvbodv is invited. VERMONT NEWS. A LIN 0' CHEER By John Kendrick Bangs. NO. EMBARGO. W comes to take HEN Charon me o'er The Itiver on his Uerrv hope I'll face that other ar.ore With spirit blithe and merry. wholesome things of And take the earih. Its loe and joyous laughter. An.l all its Klortous sifts tf worth Along to the hereafter. For that's the wealth that never Ami hoMa the Joyous leaven That man may carrv as he p!'e The path 'twixt Karth "and Heaven. cCepyr!x5:..'i FOR .5. DAYS Nine Children's and Misses Fancy All-Wool Serge Dresses, sizes 8 to 18, at ONE-HALF PRICE Eleven Children's Plush and Felt Hats, formerly up to $3.50 Choice for 1.00 Group of Children's Gingham Dresses, sizes 4 to 14. Formerly up to $3.98 .... Choice for 99 Group of Wrhite Waists, sizes 36 to. 42; formerly up to $4.98 Choice for 1.84 - Seven Children's Coats, sizes 3 to 6, ONE-HALF PRICE J. F. AUSTIN Where You Buy the Best Hosieiy Talking Movies Possible. peaking films'' were niailc with picture films has just been cossfully accomplishecl for the f time, by two Swedish scientists, first i Edar W. Smith. 70. of Wells died at his ome there Friday. Smith was a well-known member Orange county bar. and was f - of the Wells i liver Savings bank, survived by his wife, bv two sous. (!. Smith of Montpelier and Kavmond Smith of Woodsville, X. II. Iiiver Mr. -f the sid-nt He is Percy V. In some eastern countries it is consid-! 'red n mark of divine favor to be struck by lightninff. spect to Prices, Ivy W. II. P.ionson of tin- association's research department : ' ne, on Uevision of Selling Plans. Changes in Selli-ng System, by Assistant Manager Havis. and .one on I'.oston Milk Situation Ke'ation P.etween X. E. M. P. A. and the (' -opcratiyes, by Sec retary Pattee. The afternoon session Wednesday will l-e devoid) to election of officers. re p its of committee and transaction of miscellaneous business." IM'LOItKIt SHACKLETON DIES. Famous Discoverer of Antarctic Regions Victim of Heart Disease. MONTEVIDEO, i ruguay. .Ian. :). Sir Ernest Sliaekleton. the P.ritish ex plorer, died .Tan. ." n board the steam rdiip truest, on which lie was making an other expedition int'i the Antarctic re gions. Death was due to angina pec toris and occurred when the truest was off the !ritvieken station. The body was brought to Montevideo on board a Norwegian steamer and will be taken by another steamer to Europe, ("apt. L. Ilussey of the Quest will ac company the body home. - Prof. (Jruvel and the other members of the explorer's party will continue the expedition. Sir Ernest died on board the Quest, which was anchored off South (leorgia island. The previous night he had been slight lv indisposed, but no uneasiness was felt for him. ('apt. Ilussey provided him with the medicine he needed. At .'...'Iti - o'clock on" the morning of Ian. Sir l'rnest began to sink rapidly ami derpite all efforts by his attendants, he died in three minutes. ("apt. Ilussey said the svinptoips showed that Sir Ernest had died from angina pectoris. sue first and the talking movie seeing about to In come n reality. The method, says Popular Mechanics Magazine, em ploys the fundamental method of earlier developments, which makes use of the property of selenium for con trolling a telephonic current when ac tuated by variable illumination. The novelty of this latest work seems to bo in the successful combinirfg of picture-hearing ami sound-record-bear-Ing films by running them on the same shaft, while taking and reproduc ing tin1 double record, and in making selenium-controlled electric currents rVMnite a loud-speaking telephone. The Marsh-Allen company of ISarre. dealers in farm machinery, recently re ceived a communication from a firm in Springfield. ( .. with 'whom they do busi ness which said in part: "We have been advised by our traffic department that there is no express oflicc at P.arre. Vt., Gold Hard to Get., Alaska prospectors, who were able recently to work, for the first time, Tninagain arm, a branch of the sea, on the government land near Anchor age, report that the body of water is almost literally "paved with gold." . i r years, until, the railroad penetrat ed, the section, the six-foot tides that np .the arm, .swamping small boats, have kept miners out. Xow they are going in over the railroad and re j. it several rich finds made in the ai la at bw tide, llich gravel, it is :i:d. lies-offshore. One vein, near (.!: ci'.vood. assays SltjO in gold a ton. Tl: vein ;s covered by high tide. In parts of Scotiami it is a common superstition that if crickets forsake a house which they have long inhabited some evil w ill befall the familv. Disappointed. Why ';d every one cry dur ie cl.nih scene at the theater ' i, mv V They must have known that tor wasn't dead. ...: 'r,,at was just the reason. SUBSCRIBE FOR THE REFORMER "That the carriers and their einplovc ,ionui oe .-mil irunsporiuiioii ,t me uscreiore. it win tie necessary to advise us public. jyour nearest express office." The Earre "That the federal government has the firm replied as follows : "Some traffic de right, as a matter of contract, public pol-1 parhncnt you have I liarre. Vt.. is the icy and police power, ami owes to the granite center of the world. We ship people the duty to insure such transpor- gravestones from our local express office tilt in. jaml suggest you buy one for your traffic "That the government's duty ami the' department." peoples rights are violated by permitting railroad labor controversies to be settled by economic warfare. "That, if railway employes are de prived, for the promotion l(f the common good of the legal right to strike, some other remedy of equal or superior efficacy must be provided." IU(, Over SO liAII) IN WESTITKLD. Men Charged with Comnlic it v in (iambling Game. WESTFIEU). Mass.. .Ian. :ic. A sipiad of police broke up the biggest gambling game in the city's history yes terday morning, when they visited I5o hemian Hall. Meadow street. More than N men were on the premises when the officers entered. They fled in all di rections. The names of half of them were secured by the police. They will appear before the district court today: charged with-being present at a game on the Lord s day. The police made a search for found a large amount of liquor. Charles Striniste. who is in charge of the hall, is charged with keeping ami exposing liquor for sale. I he revised income tax forms, lolO-A 1 fi.r individuals reporting incomes (if! $..MM or less for the year 1!'M have been) mailed from the internal revenue office at i Ihirlington. The new forms have been reduced from six to four pages, and re vised to make it much simpler than in past years. Two of the pages have been I devoted to instructions, and these will serve as a useful guide to taxpayers who experience difficulties in completing the returns. Forms for tiling individual re turn of income of more than $.".( MM) will be sent out as soon as they are received from the bureau at Washington. - V'ell Supplied. " A prominent politician, although a Scotsman, relates a story against himself and his fellow countrymen. While on a visit to the Canary Isl ands once he was feeling very lonely and iuquired of an official, "Are there many Scotsnc . in these parts?" "Not man.y," w as the reply. "Just a , few, but quite enough." ni'MMKUSTON HILL. ; Melvin liiehardson. who bad been spending some time with Mr. Anderson, returned to his home in Worcester (Vt.) this morning. -Mrs. Eertlia Whitaker of Townshend came Sunday night to help care for her f l . v - . .. . . , liaiuer. .). a. Hettcrley, who is hi with j grip. Mr. I.etterlev is gaining slowly. I j I'l'TNEY. . Lawrence P.rooks, 11. son of Mr. and 'Mrs. Arthur Erooks, died Saturday of pneumonia. He was the third child in the family to have pueumrnia within a short time. Today and Tomorrow Don't Miss "Conflict" N. Y. EVENING MAIL "Mystery, drama, ad venture and one of the most thrilling passages ever seen on the screen, all are found in 'Con flict The scene in which she rescues her lover from death in a raging torrent on the brink of a waterfall is a marvel. The famous ice scene from 'Way Down East' scarcely equals it for sheer thrill." DON'T MISS Priscilla Dean IN Conflict Her Greatest Triumph TODAY and TOMORROW No Advance Prices Special Music By Mr. August Gunzinger at the organ Latchis Theatre 99' Following is a list of the number of students enrolled in the ten largest collegiate institutions in. New England ;-.s of December 1, 1921, including evening students, but excluding special, extension, and non-resident students : Harvard 6,071 Boston Universitv 5.509 Vale ' 3,815 Mass. Institute of Technology 3,535 The Bentley School of Accounting and Finance 2,194 Tufts 2.092 Dartmouth 2,011 Smith f. 1,99-) Brown 1,641 Wcllesley : 1,548 . The Bentley School of Accounting and Finance was established in 1917 with 29 students, and in 1921 its en rollment of 2,194 established a record of growth that is be lieved to be unparalleled in the educational history of this country. It is, so far as we have been able to ascertain, the largest professional school of eollcgiatc grade in the world that is devoted exclusively to the training of commercial and public accountants.' The remarkable growth of this school is chiefly .due to its high standards, and reputation for furnishing the best training, in 'preparation for accounting practice that is available. One of the outstanding featuies of this- school is the umiuallv high standards required for graduation. All courses in art-minting must be completed with an average grade of not less than IS 00 per rent), and all other subjects must be completed with a grade of not less than C (70 per cent). I'ikmi completion of the recpiired courses a certificate is issued, but the diploma is withheld and the student is not permitted to be known as a graduate of the school until he lias bad two years of practical experience in commercial or public accounting that satisfactorily demonstrates bis technical ability, adaptabil ity, application, and business conduct. He is then entitled to a diploma and to be known as a IS. S. G. (Rent ley School Graduate). A diploma of The ISentley School of Accounting and Finance is something which one can justly feel proud to possess, and prize for the prestige it af fords. Roth day and evening courses are offered to men who desire to specialize iu "accounting. Day courses require two years for, comple tion of the required subjects, and evening courses four years. Required Courses Accounting I (Elementary) Accounting II (Intermediate) Accounting III (System ISuilding and Cos t A ceo u n t i n g ) Accounting IV (Auditing) Arrounting V (Advanced Accounting Problems) Rusiness Mathematics Rnsiness Law Rusiness English Economics Corporation Finance Money and- Rankin? Interpretation of Fi nancial Statements. for young men who in titting tiiemseives auditor, comptroller. There are excellent opportunities in business are properly trained in accounting, and interested for a position as office manager, cost accountant. assistant treasurer, or public accountant. Finish your high school training afid then spend two years with us. You will then be ready for a good position and have the satisfac tion of knowing that you are fitted for a delinite career. This is the aj of the specialist, and the man who starts out in life unprepared to do some one thing especially well is out of tune with the spirit of, the times. , Our students range in age from 17 to 45 A number of them are college graduates Send for our catalog THE BENTLEY SCHOOL of Accounting and Finance 125 TKEMOXT ST.. liOSTOX, MASS. 4 ; . t'-' , i j 1 1 1 i 4 I . .ftra.ssE'a