o Mr hi i prairn mi mtrmntf4ur
NLY Daily Newspaper
in Southeastern Vermont
VOL.10. NO. 147
BRATTLEBORO, VERMONT, --MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 21, 1922.
EARLY MAIL EDITION
MORE DISORDERS :
G RAIL STRIKE
Violence Is Reported from
Scattered Points Across
Papers and Correspondence Seized In
Chicago Investigation Starts After
Wreck on Michigan Central Radical
Meetings Planned at Railroad Centers.
CHICAGO, Aug. 21. Disorders con-1
tinned in the rail s-hop workers' strike
during the early hours of its eighth week,
despite peace negotiations pending at
New York and assurances by chiefs of
the "big four" that no sympathetic
strike of train service employes im
pended, while Michigan Central detec
tives were investigating the Gary wreck
in which two of the train crew were
killed early yesterday and violence broke
out anew at scattered point from coast to
Early morning ..examination of papers
and correspondence seized in a raid last
night on the olhces of the Trades Unimi
Educational league, which is headed by
William Z. Foster, who led th last steel
strike and who recently was deiwrted
from Colorado as one of the foremost
radical leaders of America, bared a wide
spread "one-big-union" propaganda
among railroad workers and gave valu
able information concerning a systematic
series of radical meetings in railroad cen
ters, according to State's Attorney
No arrests were made, Mr. Crowe an
nounced. The investigation began imme
diately after reports of the Michigan
Central wreck at Gary, lnd.
REMOVE RAIL SPIKES,
DITCH FAST TRAIN
Engineer and Fireman Killed Two
Express Messengers Hurt No
- Passengers Aboard.
CHICAGO, Aug. 21. The wrecking of
express train No. 3i, en route from .ew
ork to Chicago, with a Joss of two
lives, near Gary, lnd., early yesterday
morning, resulted from the ucliberatc
removal of 27 spikes from one of the
rail, Michigan- Central officials - at
uouuctd last night. A $1,000 reward was
offered for the) arrest of those responsi
The dead are:
Edward Coy, engineer, Kalamazoo, )
Frank Lubbs. fireman. Nilcs. Mich.
The injured express messengers are:
C. II. Stockwell, Niagara Falls, N. Y.
A. J. Heath, Buffalo. N. Y.
The train, which carried no passen
gers, was traveling at more than 50
miles an hour, trying to make up sev
eral hours lost time as it was due in
Chicago at !).4. Saturday nip-ht. It con
sisted of 9'A our filiH 'with -ili,.ill.i
express shipments, and carried a crew
ot eight men.
On it, straight stretch of track about
a mile cast of Gary the engine leaped
from the track, plowed across the ties
for 100 feet or more and then turned
a complete somersault, ending in a mass
of twisted, steaming wreckage at one
side of the right-of-way. Eight of the
cars also were derailed and their con
tents scattered in all directions. The
bodie of the engineer aJid firemen were I
buried beneath the wreckage.
NO SYMPATHETIC STRIKE.
Warren S. Stone Says Rrotherhoods Will
Not Quit Work.
CLEVELAND, Aug. 21. There is no
danger of the "Big Four" railroad trans
portation brotherhoods being drawn into
a sympathetic strike, even should nego
tiations to end the tstrike of the shop
crafts workers fail.
This was the declaration made by
-Warren S. Stone, president of the Bro
therhood of Locomotive Engineers, and
D. B. Robertson, president of the Bro
therhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Engiremen, on their return to their
homes here late yesterday from New
York and Washington, where for 10
days they have attempted to mediate
the shopmen's controversies.
Asked what position the b""hcrhooda
will be in if the negotiations fail. Stone
Faid, "They will be in the.ssime posi
tion they were in before. The strike
will simnly go on."
"There never lias been any sympa
thetic strike nor any considered." he
continued. "Thre am safety laws to
tek fare of the defective cquioTient.
which would endanxcr the lives of bro
therhood moniVrs and ' it will only bp
necessary to e"f;rc? tlnfe laws."
Any Seat in the Balcony . . . 10
Knights of Columbus Hall
Monday. Aug. 21, at S p. m. Regular
meeting of Ave Maria Circle, Daughters
of Isabella. .
Odd Fellows Tempi
Tuesday. Aug. 22, at s.MO p. m. Reg
ular meeting of Dennis Rebekah lodge.
COAL CONFERENCE; ij;:
Same Personnel at Today's Meeting as at
Last Week's Strike Settle
ment Parleys. ,
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 21. Repre
sentatives of anthracite workers ,and of
the men who operate the mines assem
bled here again today for another session
ot the negotiations to reconcile the dif
ferences between the two factions which
have kept the hard coal mines idle since
Al'riI 1- , , i i
Todav's meeting was scheduled for 4
p. m. The same personnel of representa
tives present at last week's parleys were
hers for today's session. The mine work
ers were to sit in consultation this morn
ing while the operators were to convene
at a separate 'meeting.
BUILDING TO ATOMS
Firemen L'uable to Find Any of Nu
merous Occupants in
ROCHESTER, N. Y., Aug. 21. A
two-story brick building on Pennsylvania
avenue here is now a heap of smoking
ruins following a terrific explosion early
today. Adjoining structures were
wrecked by the blast. Flames completed
the work. Firemen could not find the
occupants despite the fact that the placa
was said to have been occupied by a num
ber of families.
FOUR PERISH IN
Family Cut Off From Escape by Blaze
in Passageway at Eliza
beth, N. J.
ELIZABETH, N. J.. Aug. 21. Four
jiersons burned to death in a fire in a
tenement house which the r.oliee believe
wax of incendiary origin early today.
Tiie dead were a man. a woman and two
boys. The fire started in a passage-way
between the burned house and the next
building and spread so rapidly the vic
tims l ad no chance to escape.
FEW WORKERS APPEAR.
Will Not Accept Wjge Cut and Longer
PAWTUCKET, R. I., Aug. 21. Pic
kets who went on duty today at the plant
of the Acme Finishing Co. said that less
than a dozen workers appeared at the
mill this morning when a 10 per cent
wage-cut and a f4-hour weekly schedule
became effective. The company normally
employes 200 workers.
Nearly Entire Force at Work.
MOOSUP, Coim., Aug. 21. The un
iwi .ectt'ii mills' of 'the Alrich Manufac
turing Co. hen- were operating with prac
tically the entire force of 70!) workers
who have been on strike for the past two
months back at work. The mills are
runuins at full capacity.
Heavy Picketing at Lawrence.
LAWRENCE, Mass., Aug. 21.
Through the combined efforts of the four
unions involved in the textile strike ex
ceptionally heavy picket lines were main
tained this afternoon at the various
mills affected by the strike, now in the
22d week. Special attention was given
to the four plants of the l'aeihc corpora
tion. - Two arrests were made in the
vicinity of the Pacific mills.
KU KLUX INITIATES 4,030.
Crowd of 25,000 Witness Ceremony
Biggest Class In History.
CHICAGO, Aug. 21. What was said
to be the nation's biggest class of Ku
Klux Klansmen !,li."0 candidates was
initiated in a huge field just outside of
Chicago late Saturday night. Thousand
of automobiles were parked in a big cir
cle a quarter of a mile in diameter. In
the center, outlined by the glaring head
lights of the cars was a cross, 20 feet
It was estimated that 2.".000 persons
witnessed the ceremonies, representing
the IS Klans in Chicago and the 12 out
side of Cook county in the state.
FLYING BOAT IS MISSING.
Three People Aboard Seaplanes Con
NEW YORK, Aug. 21. Seaplanes
continued to search the waters surround
ing the Fire Island lightship early today
for the missing Hying boat carrying a
pilot, mechanician and one passenger
that left here early yesterday for a sight
seeing flight to that ioint and failed to
return. The machine was last sighted
crossing over the Battery on its way to
-ea and was due back before noon. When
it failed to appear another flying boat
put out, but was unable to locate tiie
LIVING COSTS DROP 23.9 P. C.
Reduction Since 1020 Still 55.6 P. C.
NEW YORK. Aug. 21. The National
.Industrial conference board reported yes
terday that the investigation of condi
tions throughout the Country shows that
the cost of living among wage earners'
families in the United States, July 15,
1022, was G.j.O per cent higher than in
Between July 1020, and July 1922, the
cost of living decreased 23.0 per cent,
the report said.
The Honor of the
"It is the Law of the Woods, that
the strong must protect the weak
that a man will SUFFER
STARVE DIE before he takes
what belonss to another man. Any
man who does not live up to this
code cannot live. Jan of the
"HOLY ROLLER" DIES
FROM SNAKE BITE
Said to Have Handled Rep
tiles at Church
.PERMITS SNAKE TO
BITE AND KILL CHILD
Freed of Murder Charge Because Judge
Declared Persons Should Be Allowed
" to Serve God According to Dictates of
Their Own Conscience.
FORT PAYNE, Ala., Aug. 21. James
W. Recce, a "holy roller," residing on
Sand Mountain, about seven miles from
here, is dead today as the result of being
bitten by a large rattlesnake. It is said
that Reece on various occasions had as
sisted in conducting religious exercises
in which reptiles were handled by mem
bers of the church.
Reece was indicted by the grand jury
a year or so ago on a murder charge. It
was alleged that he permitted a snake to
bite and kill one of his children. How
ever, when the case came up for trial he
was freed, the judge declaring every per
son in the country should be permitted to
serve God according to the dictates of
hi;i own conscience.
Bill Will Be Introduced In House Soon
To be Given Wide' Investiga
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. Chairman
Winslow of the house commerce commit
tee after a conference today with Pres
ident Harding announced he would in
troduce immediately a bill to create a
fact-finding coal commission as recom
mended by the President in his special
message to congress.
The measure, Mr. Winslow said, would
call tor appointment by the President of
a commission not to exceed nine mem
bers with instruction to report to the
cbh-f executive and congress by July 1,
1023. The commission wmld have wide
powers of investigation, including the
right to examine the books of various
coal companies. .
SENTENCE FOUR UNION CHIEFS.
Chicago Men Sent To Prison For Con
spiracy to Extort.
CHICAGO, Aug. 21. Thomas Walsh,
Frank Hayes, Patrick Kane, and Roy
Shields, labor union leaders, were nil
found guilty Saturday night by jury in
the criminal court of conspiracy to ex
tort and the penalty for each was fixed
at one vear's imprisonment in the county
Against each defendant witness gave
testimony to the effect that strikes had
bee "fixed"' and paid for by contractors
and builders of the city. All the defend
ants denied ever calling a strike for nuch
purposes, and all denied ever taking any
money but Kane, who said that one con
tractor had given him a "little present"
200 EMPLOYES GO TO WORK,
O'J-s Co.'s Textile Mill Opens After Strike
Since March 8.
WARE, Mass., Aug. 21. About 200
employes of the Otis Co.'s textile mill
went to work today when the mill gates
were reopened after being closed since
March 8 because of a strike. The normal
number of workers is alout 1.700. Since
the strike began ! union of the United
Textile Workers nas been formed. Those
who went back to work did so under the
wage arrangement in force prior to the
walkout. - -
CHAMPION MAIL HANDLER.
Miss Holmes of Detroit Distributes
20,010 Letters In Eight Hours.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 21. A woman
is the champion mail handler of the post
service. Miss Nina E. Holmes, 20, of
the Detroit postoflice, the postoffice de
partment announced last night, set a rec
ord for sorting letters recently by dis
tributing 20.G10 in eight hours.
CHARGED WITH EMBEZZLEMENT.
Former Officer of American Legion Ar
rested for Greenfield Authorities.
GREENFIELD, Mass., Aug. 21.
IJlH)n a warrant issued by W. S. Allen,
clerk of the district court. Arthur A.
Harvey of 20 School street, Lynn, was
arrested yesterday in that city for the
Greenfield police. He was an officer of
the American Legion and is charged with
embezzlement of funds.
1 1 INTO N IN AIR AGAIN.
Lcave-3 West Palm Ileuh for Nassau
MIAMI. Fla., Aug. 21. Lieut. Wal
ter Hinton in his giant seaplane, the
Samppio Correia, . hopped off at West
I 'aim Beach this morning at 10.15, ex
pecting to reach Nassau in a couple of
Mrs. Grace Miller, mayor of Jackson,
Wyo.. has a council of five women to
aid her. - ..
The church is closed during August.
The services nt Guilford Center are
discontinued until September.
Universalist Convention of Vermont
and Quebec Sept. 4, 5, 6 at Springfield,
Red Men's Hall "
The meeting of the Women of Moose
heart Legion will be postponed until the
first Wednesday in September.
Install Better Carburetion
in Machines to Save
WINNING CAR MAKES
61 MILES A GALLON
American Cars Make Poor Showing in
Contest Make Only 39 and .".6 Miles
on Gallon Make Higher Speed To
PARIS, Aug. 21. Gasoline consump
tion for nutomobiles is such a serious
question here, with gas costing from i5
to VA) cents a gallon, that recent French
tests'to develop better carburetion are be
Cars smaller and lighter than those
generally used in the United States, re
cently have averaged about CO miles to
the gallon of gasoline in official public
contests. The winner in the principal
competition of this sort made 61 miles to
Large cars, weighing more than 4,000
pounds, averaged close to 1G miles to the
gallon in the recent Strasburg race of
IV.) miles over the Grand Prix course and
under the same regulations. This was
the fir;t race of this kind organized by
the Grand Prix officials, and it proved
such n success that a similar contest is
announced for next year.
These results, however, were under the
special conditions that govern all such
r.ffairs, and admittedly are not attainable
by the average driver, particularly in the
Several cars of a popular American
make competed in the LeMan's test for
light cars, and their showing illustrates
the progress made in economizing fuel.
Equipped with the same carbureter as
the v.iuner that made 61 miles an hour,
one run 3!) miles on a gallon, and an
other made only 30 miles.
These economy tests, according to car
bureter manufacturers, taught them les
sons that will show next year iu im
proved design, but so far there has been
no revolution in engineering that is ap
plicable to automobiles in general.
Racing tests, however, give a mislead
ing idea of results, for the cars that then
average tit) miles to the gallon operate
normally at about 35 miles to the gallon.
The difference is explained as due to six
factors: the use of a 'special gasoline ;
equipment with the best carbureter; car
bureter adjustment to get a weak mix
ture that would not serve in ordinary
driving; expert driving; perfect mechan
ical condition of the car and special ad
justment of the motor for high compres
sion, and pronounced advance of the
The reasons for the better results ob
tained by French cars over their Ameri
can competitors are attributed to several
things. The American cars were heavier,
and it was mathematically certain that
it would take more fuel to drive the
greater weight, particularly as the Ameri
can cars travelled 20 per cent faster.
The American cars also stood higher
from the ground and met greater wind
resistance, also the American cars had
much larger motors which turned over at
a much slower speed, so that greater
consumption was inevitable.
Chautauqua Business Methods.
The Chautauqua organization must be
having some trouble to defend its busi
ness methods from the criticism they
arouse and to secure renewal of contracts
in those towns with a sizable deficit to
make up at the end of the course. The
notion, created and fostered by the Chau
tauqua, of its being an entertainment
bureau purely in the missionary line and
existing merely to uplift and refine the
public taste for amusement, is exploded
propaganda. Sad experience has taught
many local guarantors that they are
bound to be the goat of a scheme cleverly
devised to place on them the work, the
financial responsibility and whatever loss
results from a poor season ; while the
Chautauqua carries off the sum it asks
to visit a town in the first place, plus all
the gate receipts after the tents are up,
and never drops a tear or a penny into
the hole in which the public spirited
guarantors are apt to find themselves.
This season Ludlow faces a deficit of
practically $700, the largest in the nine
successive years the Chautauqua has
visited that town, but fortunately there
are a hundred guarantors to divide the
less between them. Never was the at
tendance so low. being about half the us
ual average, and the Chautauqua officials
are quoted as saying that the present
year lias been one of the hardest in the
history of their organization. In Brattle
born the guarantors had to stand a loss
of $37 each, and it was no easy matter to
persuade them or anybody else to sign
another contract, that kind of guarantee
ing being far from popular, but finally
tie ame representatives ot me organiza
tion prevailed and the contract was
signed. Now along comes an enthusiast
who writes to the Brattleboro Reformer,
urging the people to start a Chautauqua
box on the principle of the Christmas
c!ub and deposit a penny a day so as to
be nlreadv to buv a ticket next year and
! thus relieve the guarantors of the trouble
of selling season tickets and tiie. tear ot
a deficit. Why shouldn't the banks take
up this philanthropic plan and inaugur
ate Chautauqua clubs? ' Evidently, in
the opinion of the originator of the idea,
people might as well go without Christ
mas presents ns to be 'without the price
of admission to the big tent show flying
the strings of triangular flags.
Fair and Continued Cool Tonight
Showers and Warmer Tuesday.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 21. The
weather forecast: Fair tonight and con
i tinued cooler. Tuesday increasing
cloudiness and warmer. Showers in Vcr-
mum. luuurraie noi '.". "'
HIT BY CAR AND
Harry Putnam Steps Into
Road in West Ches
LEG BROKEN AND
Two Fingers and Nose Broken and Sev
eral Cuts Inflicted Was in Municipal
Court Last Week and Apparently Was
Harry Putnam of Chesterfield, N. II.,
who was in the municipal court last week
Thursday after making the night hideous
with jelling and shrieking on Guilford
road and who told the court that he had
a wife in Keene but wouldn't give $4
for her, is in the , Melrose hospital in
West Brattleboro with serious injuries
as the result of being knocked down by
an automobile in West Chesterfield yes
Putnam, who very evidently is men
tally effected, was walking down the hill
below the so-called Four Corners on the
Spofford Lake road when two Bellows
Falls automobiles were going up the hill,
being headed for the lake for a picnic.
The first car was driven by George
Cooper and the second car, which was
not far behind, was driven by Roy L.
Mr. Cooper noticed that the man was
walking nearer the middle of the road
than a man ordinarily would walk when
a car was approaching, and he pulled
his car toward the ditch to avoid strik
ing him. Mr. Cooper thought the man
acted queerly and turned to look at him.
Shortly afterwards Putnam stepped in
front of the second car and was struck.
Whether he realized what he was doing
is not known.
Selectman Harold E. Randall of West
Chesterfield was notified by Mr. Seeber
ar.d made an investigation. He vas con
vinced that the motorist was not respon
sible for the accident.
The ambulance was sent from this vil
lage and Putnam. ( who said he was OS
years old, was brought to the Melrose
hospital, after being bandaged by Dr. E.
R. Lynch. It was found that his right
leg was broken above the knee, the right
hip was dislocated, two fingers on his
right hand were broken, his nose was
broken, cuts were inflicted on the chin
and right temple, and muscles were in
jured in various places., ; So far as has.
been discovered he was not injured inter
Following Putnam's hearing in the
municipal court last week he was re
leased and went to West Chesterfield.
Selectman Randall took him to Keene
Friday to have him examined and in
tended to take him to the County Farm
iu Westmoreland, but while Mr. Randall
was in one of the offices Putnam got out
of the automobile and disappeared. Pre
viously he had visited the home of Mr.
Randall and said he had breakfast in
New York, dinner in Boston and in
tended to have supper in New Hamp
shire. In court here in response to a
question by the "court as to where he
lived Putnam said he would figure it out
if given paper and pencil.
After disappearing in Keene Putnam
was not seen again by Mr. Randall until
alter the accident yesterday.
Methods Have Remained the Same from
Early Days of the Art
With all the improvements that the
twentieth century has brought in almost
every line of production, tapestry weav
ing has not changed for several hundred
years. "Modern tapestries are pro
duced in exactly the same manner as
medieval ones." said E. Woeller. a rep
resentative of the Societa Anonima
Schniid, tapestry weavers of Milan,
Italy. "There has been no improvement
since the 12th century.
"There are two methods of weaving
tapestry, the high-warp as employed in
the production of the famous Goeblin
tapestries, and the low-warp used in the
Beauvais. In the first case the worker
sits at his work and in the other be
bends over it, but in each the method
of weaving is the same.
"In the story of the competition be
tween Minerva and Arachne, as told by
Ovid, there appears to be a description
of this kind of weaving, and there are
specimens which date back to the second
century, which seems to corroborate
this. From the fifth century on, monas
teries and nunneries became the centers
of activity for the weaving industry.
Then craft guilds were formed in Eng
land and France, and the Weavers'
guild of London was chartered by Henry
"It is from the 12th century that
some of the most interesting tapestries
come. The renaissance in art and lit
erature also brought with it the revival
of tapestry weavings. The art grew
more skillful as time went on, and the
tapestries of the 14th and 15th centuries
are rich With silk and metAl threads.
Tapestries were woven for all important
court occasions. One of the most beau
tiful is that made in the 16th century to
commemorate the fetes on the ocrasion
of the marriage of Henry II. and Cath
erine de Medici.
- "In the lfith century the weavers of
tapestry in Belgium were obliged to
mark their work, and this also became
the law for Flemish and French weav
ers. This has enabled us to identify
some of the finest of the old productions.
Among the most magnificent tapestries
of the world were those in the Cathedral
of Rhebns. The tapestries. I believe,
were removed ,to safety before the de
struction of the Cathedral. -
"There are some marvelous tapestries
In the Louvre at Paris and in the Royal
nr'laee at Turin, Italy. The palace ' at
Madrid has one of the. largest and most
beautiful collections in Europe, there be
ing more than a thousand pieces in the
"So in our modern tapestries today
we ue the same sort of looms and pro
ceed in exactly the same manner as they
dvl in the Middle Ages, when, the art
of tapestry weaving was brought to its
Headquarters Co., Company I and Band
Section Reach Brattleboro from
Camp Late in Afternoon.
Hundreds of persons gathered on the
streets and at the railroad station late;
Saturday atrernoon to welcome nome me
th ree Brattleboro military organizations
wlncn had been attending the annual
muster of the 172d Infantry nt Camp
Governor Hartness. The Headquarters
company and Company I, led by the band
section, marched from tire station through
Main street to their respective quarters.
Brattleboro has a right to feel proud
of these organizations as their military
records are unequalled by companies of
any other town in the state.
An army truck driven by Leslie II.
May of Company I made an unusual rec
ord Saturday in running loaded from
the camp to Brattleboro at an average
speed of 25 miles an hour. Capt. C. A. E:
Goodwin also motored home, reaching
Brattleboro considerably ahead of the
special train carrying tbe soldiers.
Miss Celia E. Brian, Formerly of Brat
j tleboro, Succeeds Miss Marjorie L.
The directors of the Brattleboro Me
morial hospital have chosen Miss Celia
E. Brian as superintendent to 'succeed
Miss Marjorie L. Fanning, who resigned
recently. Miss Brian is a graduate of
the Garfield Memorial hospital. Wash
injrtcn, D. C, where she also served a
year as assistant superintendent. She
fhen went to the Danville General hos
pital, Danville, Va.. as superintendent,
remaining there 15 years. During the
war she served in the army for 14
months, coing to France as assistant
chief nurse with Base Hospital No. 45,
a unit formed in Richmond. Va. A year
before going to France she was instruc
tor of Red Cross classes, and since her
return also has been an instructor. Miss
Brian began her duties at the borstal
this morninc. At one time Miss Brian
and hpr sister had positions in the Phoe
nix office. -
Wrist Watch ana Platinum Bar Tin
Worn by Miss Evelyn Harris at
Time of Airplane Accident.
Since the airplane accident Friday
afternoon, in which Miss Evelyn Harris
was burned fatally, a wrist watch and
bar pin worn by Miss Harris have been
missing, jMjst-ibly picked up by persons
who may not have associated them with
tiie accident. The family very much de
tires to recover, these articles and would
greatly appreciate theyr return to the
family or to The Reformer ofSee.
The watch was a small enameled silver
watch and the pin was of platinum,
about four inches long, set with
EXPLAIN SHOWERS OF FROGS.
Whirlwinds Pick Up Water, I-Yogs and
Fish and Scatter Them Broadcast.
Reptiles scarcely ever carry out ex
tensive migrations, but there is one fact
in their history which has given rise to
long debates, and that is the showers of
toads and frogs, which in reality means,
compulsory migrations. Mention is made
of these in very remote times, but it was
generally believed that the assertions of
the authors who related them were gen
Modern observations have at last
demonstrated the actual existence of this
phenomenon, which is explained nowadays
in a rational manner.
These showers of frogs must have been
common enough in ancient Greece, see
ing that Aristotle gives them a particular
name. Alluding to the prevailing idea
of his time, which supposed them to come
from heaven, he called them messengers
of Jupiter. ,
Two carefully observed instances in
modern times have especially wrought
conviction among the learned.
The first was attested by a whole
company of soldiers, who during the
French "Revolution were on a march to
wards the north of France. In the open
countrv thev were assailed by n Shower
of little toads which were dashed in their
faces, falling with torrents of water.
Astonished at such an unwonted at
tack, ami desirous of satisfying them
selves as to whether this living shower
came from above, the soldiers spread out
their handkerchiefs on a level with their
heads, and found they were soon covered.
After the storm, the astonishment was
ceneral when the soldiers saw this unex
pected brood leaping about in the folds
of their cocked hats.
The second well attested shower of
toads fell in 1834. in the town of Ham.
in Germany, when the streets, roofs and
gutters were immediately filled with a
great number of. these young creatures.
As far back as the epoch of Renais
sance a celebrated physician. Cardan,
who brousiht out so many strange hy
potheses, nevertheless hit upon the truth
in respect to the phenomenon. He sup
posed that tne showers of trogs were to
be attributed to waterspouts which car
ried them off from the mountains and let
them fall at some distance, when they
burst. The wise. and learned Dumeril
supposed that the waterspouts, passing
over the meadows, pumped up the water
and loose . objects and carried them off
to be deposited at a distance.
In support of this hypothesis Arago
mentioned that whirlwinds often bear
away from the sea masses of water, which
they let fall in the form of rain, miles
from the shore. Hail stones, much
larger than little toads, are suspended
for a certain time in the clouds.
Authors mention showers of stickle
backs, small fish, which live in ponds
and streams. These fish, pumped up
with water, have been seen to fall at
great distances from their habitats.
CAPTURE TWO MORE TOWNS.
Irish Nationals Continue to Clear Rebel
DUBLIN, Aug. ; 21! National army
forces have captured Bandon and Dunr
manway, two of the few remaining rebel
strongholds in south Ireland, and the ir
regulars are hastily retreating.
Railroad mileage in the United States
has increased from 53.000 miles in 1S70
to almost 253.000 miles.
GOV. HARTNESS AT
Services Held for Those
Fatally Burned at
IN CATHOLIC CHURCH
Jcseph Trahan and Little Son Buried in
St. Michael's Cemetery Service for
Miss Evelyn .Harris in North Street
Home This Afternoon.
The -pall of sorrow that has enshrouded
Brattleboro since the tragedy of last
Friday touched the hearts of everyone
today, when the bodies of those who
succumbed to the catastrophe were laid
at rest. There was a stillness and rev
erence as the funeral processions made
their way through the Main street and -the
curtains of the stores were drawn as
a mark of respect. Gov. James Hartness
of Springfield motored to Brattleboro
early this morning and with James P.
Taylor, secretary of the Greater Ver
mont association of- Burlington, was
present at both funeral services and at
tended the services at both cemeteries.
There was a great wealth of floral trib
utes, all expressive of the sympathy of
friends and relatives of both families.
Among them were beautiful floral pieces
from Governor Hartness, the Aero Club
of Vermont and the Brattleboro Outing
The funeral of Joseph Trahan and his
son, Norman, w-as held this morning
at 9 o'clock in St. Michael's Roman
Catholic church. The edifice was nearly
filled with friends, who were present
to pay their last respects. A requiem
mass was celebrated by Rev. Patrick
Brennan and Mrs. Katkerine O'Connor
Weeks sang Ave Maria at the offertory
and Lead.. Kindly Light, at the conclu
sion of the service. The bearers were
William Ilarrell, Peter Gazeau and
John Manso, all of Danielson, Conn.,
Clinton Gabree and Frank Bariscaino,
employes of Mr. Trahan, and Albert
Pike. Rev. Father Brennan conducted
the services at the grave in St, Michael's
The funeral,, ot Miss .. EvVn Ilsrris
was held this afternoon at 2.W in her
home on North street. Rev. Edwin P.
Wood, pastor of the First Universalist
church, officiated. During the service
Miss Izetta Stewart played soft piano
music, consisting of familiar hymns end
ing with the Sweet and Low lullaby.
The bearers were Gordon Parker of
Winchester. Mass., Carl E. Shumway of
Melrr.se, Mass., Paul Chitds of Boston,
and Paul C. Estey, Dennison Cowles and
Paul A. Chase of this town.
Besides a large number of friends from
Brattleboro, there were present many
from out of town, among them being
Miss Mavis Benedict of East Orang--,
N. J., for whom Miss Harris was to
have been bridesmaid next October; Miss
Vivian Iong. a cousin, from Jersey City,
N. J.; Miss Katherine Bassett of West
field. Mass., Dr. Marshall Davison of
the University Hospital of Chicago, Gor
don Parker of Winchester, Mass.; Carl
E. Shumway of Melrose, Paul Childs of
Boston, Mr. and Mrs. George Poineroy of
llolyoke, Mass.. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Coo
of Putney and Miss Katherine Kidder
Th? burial took place In the Harris
lot in Prospect Hill cemetery.
On account of the funeral services th
Community Service bathing beach will
be closed today and the flag on the
greu::da will be flown at half mast.
The following will show the meaning
of many of the names and parts of names
now appearing in the war despatches
from China :
Shan Mountain. .
Tao An island.
Kouan A fortress.
Hai Sea, sometimes lake.
Ling Pass over a mountain.
King A metropolitan city.
Fu City of the first class.
Chou City of the second class.
Kien A city of the third class.
Yi A village or small post town.
Kuan Camp or strongly - fortified
Ya Great, large; Siao Small, little.
Kiang,- Ho, Ychuan, Ychu All mean
river or stream.
Pei North; Nan South; Si West ;
Pai White ; Hei Black ; Yang
Blue ; Huang Yellow. x
Yamen An office where official busi
ness is transacted.
Li A Chinese mile, equal to one-third
of an English mile.
Tael A Chinese coin, equal to 1 1-3
ounces of silver in weight. t
Taotai Governor of a city ; Footai
The governor of a province.
Tsungtug A viceroy, or ruler of a dis
trict or group of provinces.
Behold The Chicken.
If it is possible to educate chickens
to caution it ought to be possible to edu
cate human beings.
. ..Have you noticed how the chicken is
becoming cautious? She- is learning
something. I say "she" advisedly, for
1 notice that the chicken that ; always
gets run over is a hen.
.The rooster stands in dignified state
on the side of the road, and grins toler
antly while the flurried hen tries to cross
back and forth in front of the car.
But the modern hen is different. Some
impulse of precaution born of maternal
admonition comes to her and says, "It is
wisdom to stay on this side of the road
and let the car go by."
Now if hens with their limited modi
cum of brains can be trained that far in
safety, why not also children?
It is simply a case of carrying the
message to them. Farm Life.
rrsiitfag paB suBouaiuv aq) jo osoqi
uci jqaidM. jjuuxd aSBJdAB 'ei!iud putt
iFEui inot esauudtfp jo sutuaq aqj,
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