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The Vermont watchman. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1883-1911, June 20, 1883, Image 4

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rnichmnt & $joimnl
TiBUa 85.00 per year, itrlctly ln advance; or 1M If
not ;ald wltbln three months.
Tiie prosidont haa takeu a vlgorona
step towards roduolng rovenue exponaos.
In connection with Seoretary Folger ho
haa complete.d plana for effecling a reduc
tion of at leaat thirty out of a total of
ono hundred and twenty-slx internal rev
onue collectloa dlstricts. He la anxious
to cut cloaor thnn thia and may aboliah
forty-two districts, bo reporta froin Waak
ington say.
Welle8I.ey Colleqe gave atwo hours'
exhibition of ita methods of phyaical cul
ture, recently, to a dolighted audienco,
one of whom remarked, " It really aeema
as if these girla wore having aa good a
tlnie aa boya." AUco F. Freoman, prosi
dent of the college, eaya that the cauao of
the breaking down of the girla iu inatitu
tioua of learning ia tho lack of proper
phyaical care beforo entoring. " Expe
rieuce ahowa," she aaserts, " that ia the
boarding-schools where a proper amouut
of exorciae ia compulsory, the studonta im
prove in health ; but the college ia not a
place for inralida, and those who go there
with weak conatitutiona and nervoua pros
tration are likely to become ill."
A cnusii on a narrow.stair-way, a fall,
and then a panic, cauaed tho death of
nearly 200 children in a hall in Sunder
land, England, Satnrday. An audienco
of tbouaanda of children had enjoyed a
coujurer'a entertainment, and thia terrible
accident occurred in the descent of 1,200
of them from the gallery. The 180 who
were trampled and auffocated to death
were from 4 to 14 years old. The door
leading to thia gallery had been fastened
open just wide enough to admit one for
the purpose of facilitating the taking of
the ticketa and had been Ioft in thia posi
tion. So at tho end of the performance
the trap waa set and was only too fatal in
the dread certainty of ita operation.
The communication frorn " W. C." in
our current mention colnmn in relation to
the lncaalea is commended to the atten
tion of the people. There ia unqucstion
ably great heedlessnesa by familiea in
which the disease ia prevailing. Chil
dren are allowed to go to school, to run
around the neighborhood and, in somo
cases, efforta have been made deliberately,
if not maliciously, to Bpread the contagion
regardlesa of the suffering, incouven
ienco or expenae that may be entailed
upon other membera of the community.
The five sons of a farmer in a neighbor
ing town hare been sick with the diaease
thia apring. Aaide from the persoual
hardship incident to so much sicknesa,
the delay in farm-work and other sources
of loss, the measlea have cost thia man
over 200. Other farmera have been aimi
larly affected by the prevalence of the
disease in their familiea, and they all
agree that it ia not so very " cunning " to
have thia loss and hardship tbrust upon
them by the carelessnesa or malice of
their neighbora.
Axotiiek indictment haa been found
agaiust Brady, aud indictmenta against
other individuala for connection with the
star route frauda or for complicity in
them are awaiting trial. In the strongest
of all the star route cases the government
has tried and failed. In auy other com
munity than Washington the result might
have been different, and the other cases
might have a cbance to succeed. The
trial haa cost the government an immense
auin of money. Whether any good pur
pose can be served by continning thia ex
penditure.is hardly a question. Tho af ter
part of the late trial shows that conviction
by a Washington jury is hopeloss. It
would be excoedingly gratifying to see
these men punished like lesser malefactors,
but no great good can come from apend
ing money on trials that must be merely
farcical. The material benefit, the atop-
piug of the leaks, was realized long ago
aud has helped to give ua a provision for
the reductiou of letter postage. Tho
moral benefit of conviction and punish'
ment aeema to be beyond the reach of
Washington courta.
It ia singular that the tariff shonld pro
duce in this country preciaoly the same
evils which aillict free trading England.
The Louisville Courier-Journal says, " The
tariff increases the cost of liviug, inter
feres with the distribution of manufact
ured articlos, closea large numbers of es
tablishments every year, and- leads to
atrikes and their attendaut miseries." At
the same time the London Labour Netes
says " that the British labor market con'
tinuea unaettled, owmg to atrikes and
labor disputes ; ten thousaud North Staf
fordshire coal miners have struck against
a ten per cent reduotion of wages. At
Middlesborough there is a striko against a
five per cent reduotion. Wages aud shop'
management disputes at Sunderland have
disturbed tho engineeriug flrms. Tho
Sheffield file-trade atriko haa assumed
large proportions. It is added that ' the
eifeot of the Amorican tariff is inaking
itself felt in the cutlery branoh.' Many
table-knife manufacturors are leaving for
the United Statoa and elsewhere." It is
moro reasonable to impute the disturb-
auces in the liritish labor market to I'-tig-
laud's f reo-trade principlea than to ascribo
simllar troubles in America to the tariff,
The faot is that free traders like Wtttter
bon oitner are noc canaiu or tiiey are
ignorant. To influenco the unthiukiug, it
is probable that labor and commercial
disturbauoos which are the outcome of tho
ehifting demands of trade, of the rivalrios
of competing interests or other inoidental
causes which alwayn have and alwaya will
affect busineaa, are soized upon and im
pressed into servico against a protectivo
Thk New West Education Commis-
sion appoala for holp to flght Mormonlsm
in Utah, which it deolares ia to bo checked
and overthrown only by moral influences
and education. It is deolared that whilo
tho Mormon rellglon outlawa ita votarles
and debases the people, " it yet breaka
publio law in but ono point, polyg
amy is ita only offonao." To abolish
and prevent thia aiu it declares is a
task of diflioulty. The orimo is well prc
tected. Through its varlous and active
inatrumentalities, the contral organizo
tion shielda it at evory exposed point.
Not only that, but tho country itaelf, by
ita peouliar phyaical features, defends it.
Utah is a mountainous and arid country.
All tho lanfl muat bo irrigated ; bonce tho
people must livo alongaido tho atreams as
they run through the canons or across de
pressed plains. The Mormon church
owns all the irrigating ditchos, and henco
can admit or exclude whom it will. The
commission has four academlos and fif
teen other schools, with over sixteen hnn
dred pupils, of whom aoven hundred are
children of paronta who are or have been
Mormona. But no loyal Mormon will for
a lnoment think of allowing his childron
to go to a school established for the
avowed purpose of overthrowing his re
ligion. 13righam Young, Jr., emphasized
his hatred of theso proselytera by saying
in the tabernacle that he " would rathor
throw a child of his into hell than send
him to one of theso Gentile schools."
Tho Yerdlct.
Time makea an end of all things. The
long ellort to obtain a jury, themontha of
evidence-taking, with almost daily excur
sions by the lawyora on varioua hairsplit-
ting legal questiona, the tedions weeks of
argument by counael, the final charge of
the judge all conauming more than six
months of time have come to an end and
the jury haa found the atar route we Bup-
poso they must be no longer called thieves
" not guilty " of a conspiracy to def raud
the government. Thus euds the second
trial. At the firat trial llerdell was found
guilty and the jury stood nine for convic
tion of Brady, Dorsey and their associates
three against conviction. The later
courae of thia trial had made it quite plain
that the jury would not convict. A diaa
greement seemed to bo the probable out
come of the long trial. An acquittal cer
tainly was not loooked for by the people
generally or by thoae who had followed
the reporta of the trial. The annonuce
ment of the verdict Thursday morning
of last week was received by the judge in
undisguised amazement. Mrs. Dorsey
was ecstatic in her demonstrations of joy.
Somo of the defendanta wept, congratula-
tiona were ahowered upon them by sympa-
thizing friends and thecourt room became
the scene of confusion and wild uproar.
When the defendanta and their counsel
reached the street they were the recipients
of a popular ovation. Freo drinks were
furnished tho crowd, alwavs readv to
throw up its hat for the victor in a con
test. Keceptions followed at Dorsey's
and at Ingersoll'a residence. There waa
a serenade, harangues were made to the
peoplo who congregated on the sidewalka
aud they were invited in to share the hos
pitality of the great acquitted. The jury
men were the objects of the moat affec-
tionate solicitude by the defence and
their friends. At tho reception at the
house of Dorsey, one of them was discov
ered in the crowd and waa iustantly
seized upon by Mrs. Dorsey and her sister
Mrs. Peck who, linking arma with him,
introduced him to all their f rienda as " the
honest juryman." To the people generally
these coarse and extravagant demonstra
tiona are auggeative of hilarity over deliv
erance from a much feared and much
merited punishment, rather than the
chastened joy which the innocent feel and
exhibit at the failure of an nnjust and
groundlesa prosecutiou.
Dorsey, Brady and their fellow defend
anta have escaped the application of the
ofiicial brand of their guilt, but in the two
long trials in which their transactions
have been made public their character for
uprightness has been smirohed beyond
the power of any jury by ita verdict to
whiten it. The mero fact that they had
cunningly covered their iniquity with a
thin veil of devotion to the public wel
fare, that the government couusel were
unable to prove beyond a reasonable
doubt to an incapable and a honelesslv
befogged jury the exlatence of a conapir
aoy to rob the national treasury,, has
saved these men from the legal penalty
for their ollenses. The evidenco has been
aullieient to convinco probably nine-tenths
of the intelligent public that the defend
anta robbed tho government of immense
sum8 of money. The ablo iudco who
tried the case waa convinced of their
guilt. No forfeiture of ill-gotten gains,
no convict's garb could add to the depth
of tho popular conviction of the criuiin'
ality of these men. Ilenceforth they must
tuke their plaoes in the public esteem side
by side with Tweed and tho great aruiy of
rascals whose misdeeds have made them
There ia no feeling that tho government
haa not honostly, skillfully and vigorously
prosecuted this case. On this point tho
Now York Sun, a polltical opponeut of
tho adminiatration but an active sym
pathizsr with its ellorts to bnug those
thieves to justico, says : " In our opinion
it is not neoossary to impute folly or
knavory either to the judge or to tho jury
in order to explain tho oscape of the Star
route defendants. We believo thoy have
been ably proseouted and fairly tried. As
we have moro than onco pointed out, how
over, the case against them involves inhe
rent difficultiea of proof which mustrender
it a task of oxtraordinary skill and labor to
establish their gullt beyond a reasonable
doubt. That task has siraply proved im
poaaible of achlevemont."
Balnncliig Wrongg.
Wrong leads on to wrong, N. L. Dukea,
a moinber of tho Pennsylvania legislature,
somo months ago sliot and killed Captain
A. O. Nutt, the stato troasurer, at Union
ton, Pa. Tho act waa unprovoked, cold
bloodod murder. Dukes was tried and a
shamelosa jury outragod justico and af
fronted publio aentlment by acqultting
tho murderor. It ia said that of lato ho
has borno hitnaelf iu a moat offensivo
manner in the presenco of a son of the
murdered man, a youth of twenty years ;
that, stung by his insultlng behavior,
young Nutt prepared to execute upon
Dukea tho penalty from which a recreant
jury saved him. Wednesday ovening, the
13th inst., the son encountored his f ather's
slayer, shot and killed him. Tho young
man surrendered himaelf to the ofBcers of
tho law and ia now awaiting trial. Sym
pathy for him is exprcssed in unatinted
terma on every hand. It ia a trito maxim
in clvillzed government that, among
other things, the peoplo surrender to tho
lawa tho power to punish crimo. When
an individual seizes this power he places
himaelf above the lawa and tho result is
anarchy. By no stretch of tho principlea
of government orof law can Nutt'a actbe
juatifled. In the eye of the law, human
or divine, he is a murderer. But men
look beyond the law in auch casea
and take in the provocation. They see
extenuation in the circumstances. A
wrong haa been done to right a wrong.
Thia may not be law, but to " tho mad
ding crowd " there is in the act an oven
ing up which strongly accords with a
crude idea of retributive justice and this
doubtless, will save the oilender, as it has
of ten done before, from the penalty of tho
law. Novortheless, young Nutt's action
cannot bo defended on moral or legal
grounds. Tho orderly courae of the law
in Fennsylvania is sufQcient to protect ita
citizena in all their righta. In asingle
instance a jury on its oath af ter a f ull and
fair trial found a man not guilty of the
crimo of murder. Theroupon a youth
stepa up and shoots the man the jury had
refuaod to hang. The safety of society
demands that the law shall deal impar
tially with such a man, no less than with
a criminal such as Dukes was. Indeed,
the danger to society and to respect for
law from any remissness of court or jury
is greater in a case like Nutt's than in a
case like D ukes'. The latter carried with
it its own antidote. A punishment worse
than death, the abhorrence and loathing
of all mankind, was his, while the act of
Nutt surrounda murder with a glamour of
heroism and makes the murderer a hero.
.Elghleen Hundred Jilncty-Two.
The matter of the celebration of the
four hundreth anniversary of tho discov
ery of America ia already recoiving atten
tion. The time atill nine yeara distant
may all be needed to devise tho plan of a
suitable celebration of the great event and
to arrange the details. It is said that the
present son and heir of the Christopher
Columbns family ia the Spaniah duke of
Veragua. xne dukes conception ol a
celebration seems to be a grand pageant
at Madrid in which color, grandeur, mag-
nificence and, doubtless, a bull fight,
should be the charactoristic features
Castelar, the great political leader of Spain,
thinks the celebration should be the
grandest the world ever saw. Spain, Italy,
the United States, and other nations inter
ested, should each commission a vessel to
tranaport its representatives to historic
Palos in Granada. After becoming cere-
monies the fleet should follow tho track
of Columbus to San Salvador and, return
ing to Barcelona, the voyagers and people
should participate in final magnificent
festivities at the court of Ferdinand and
Isabella. The sport-loving Spaniard neither
by nature, nor by training is competent
to devise a celebration that shall auitably
honor the bold and adventuroua spirit of
the-great Genoese aailor, or which shall
be in harmony with the progressive spirit
of this age. Instead of a grand oxposition
like that which, seven years ago, made
Fhiladelphia the converging point of mil
lions of travel ers, he would doubtless
have signalized tho centonary of his na
tion's existence by gala times, in which
sports that please but do not profit would
have prevailed and in which the matador
would have been the hero of tho day
Tho ceremonies which shall fitly celebrate
Columbus' achiovement should bo some
thing more than the street parade of a
circus or a parody of the great discovery,
America should endeavor to show iu her
ways of honoring the discoverer that the
Iand whose existence he had conjectured
and for which he Bailed with an abiding
assuranco that he would find it, haa ad
vauced somewhat in tho scale of civiliza
tion during tho four centuries which have
Tiie New York Sun says : "Last Sun
day at Jluuter s i'oint, occupants ol car
riages in f uneral processions were openly
supplied with lager while they sat in the
vehicles. Apart from the breakiug of the
law, it seems strango that people should be
unable to go to a funeral without braciug
up on beor, especially on a day no warmer
than Suuday. But a like fascination is
aeen in tue clgarette amokers, wtio never
go into a crowd without pullllug ono of
their vilo papors. On tho platforma of
horse oars, iu the lobbies of thoatres, in
short, whorover they can give moat an
noyance by having their ill-amelling
smoke blown into the facos of peoplo who
Cannot cot away from it, they are to be
found industriouslv at work. Tho nhvsi
cal aud moral effeot of thia nuiaauce ia
perhaps even worso than that of filliug up
mourners witn oeer on ouuuays.
Nolos nntl Coinmonts.
Enoineeiis Eoeiimno, Martin and
Collingwood, tho three chief bridgo ongln-
eers, all graduatod at Kensaolaor l'oly
technic Institute, Troy.
A Nevada penotontlary convict says
ahe was sont to pri8ou forbeing dishonest
and is there kept at work cuttlng out
pieces of pasteboard to put betweon the
soloa of shoos in place of honest leathor.
How many children aro in their own
homes learning to be rogues by aimilar
practice aud example ?
In tho criminal court at Waahington
Monday, M. C. llerdell withdrew hia
plea of guilty of conapiraoy in the star-
route case. A nolle pros. was then en-
tered by tho government, and he was dis-
charged. The pleas in abatement of the
chargea against ex-senator Kellogg will
be arguod on Saturday next.
A iiUTCiiKit of Springfield, Masa., says
that the housekeeper who asks for white
veal encourages lawbreaking and buys
poor meat. Tho whiteness is duo aimply
to tho loss of blood, tho animal having
been bled twenty-four hours before it waa
slanghtercd. The farmera do the bleed-
ing, because the meat then felches a bet
ter prlee; and the people, who havo a
foolish fancy that white veal is the best,
are in a way responsiblo for the brutal
process creating it.
W. T. Donsox of Danville, Va., tried
to cheat a company out of a 5,000 lifo
policy by firing his house with a dead
body in it, and then absconding, leaving
his family to collect the policy. The fire
was discovered and extinguished, the
body recognized as that of a negro from
the neighborhood, and Dodson arrested in
hia flight ; and he now confesses that the
negro was murdered iu hia presence by
two other negroea whom ho had hired to
bring him a corpse. The clumsy scouu
drel will be tried for murder, and de-
serves tho severest punishment.
Tiie Itev. Dr. Cuyler recalla that when
the late William E. Dodge entertained
the delegates to the EvaDgelical Alliance
in his Madison avenue mansion, " certain
famous German theologians wandered
over tho house, as through a dry and
thirsty land, in vain quest for a glass of
beer." At a banquet given to a foreign
railway king, and where Croton water was
the only scarce beverage, Mr. Dodge said
to hia waiter: " Set a pitcher of ice water
by my plate, and don't you bring a wine
bottle noar me." When Genera' Dix hon-
ored him with a complimentary dinuer at
Fortress Monroe, during the war, every
wineglass was reversed, " as a silent trib
ute to the conscience of the guest."
The Charleston News and Courier haa
the following: " Henry Watterson says
that ' with two or three exceptious there
has not been a man killed amiss in Ken
tucky in fifteen yeara.' If thia bo true
Keutucky has a very undesirable popula
tion. Her history for the past fifteen
years is red with blood, and it is not ex-'
travagant to say that more men have been
killed within her borders during this pe-
riod than in any other two states. The
brutal murder of the postmaster at Lan-
caster by Best has not been forgotten, nor
the killing of Judge Elliott, Frofessor
Butler, Dr. Barnes, Waiter Davls and
Burnside. These ajid scores of other
bloody crimes make up a record that no
body but Watterson would attempt to de-
fend. Instead of apologizing for such of
fenses, the good people of Kentucky
should make an effort to suhject the shot
gun to tho courts."
New York Eve.ning Fost; " Nothing
could be more characteriatic of the way
in which thinga are done in Kussia than
the so-called 'amneaty proclamation ' or
' act of grace ' promulgated by the Czar at
the time of his coronation. The Minister
of the Interior may, if he sees fit, report
the applications for pardon of political
oilenders who have been in Siberia for a
number of yeara and who are now thor
oughly penitent, and then they may be
permitted to return to their homes, pro
vided their homea are not in large citiea ;
and inquiaitions into political offencos com-
mitted at least fifteen years ago, provided
the inquiries have disclosed nothing, may
be dropped. This is all the grace politi
cal offendors can hopo for. But those
who have robbed the state by the embez
zlement of public money, or by conspiracy
with contractors, or in any other way in
one word, the public thieves shall be
pardoned outright and go scot free.
Their accounts are to be closed without
further demands from tho govornmeut.
It seems that they will not even be obliged
to promise not to steal again."
Tiie Nation : " Iu England there is no
appeal in criminal cases, unless the judge
thinks the poiuts raised by tho defence
worthyof cousideratiou by the full bench.
In that case ho " reserves " them, aud
they are argued beforo several judges,
and, if sustainod, a new trial is ordored.
But a point haa to bo a very strong one
indeed, and ono from which the prisoner
has really sufTered some damage, to pro
cure its resorvation in this way, and tho
consequeuce is that it ia but soldoin that
the prisoner can get to the court above.
Tho feoliug, howevor, that appeal ought
uot to be a privllege dependent on the
conseut of the judge who tries tho case,
haa been growiug for some years, and haa
at last led to theintroductionof a billinto
tho houso of commons, whioh has now
reached its second reading, givlng orimiii
als iu capital cases au appsal as a matter
of right. It is not, and cuunot be, alleged
that tho judge'a discretiou hasoftuu been
abuscd, und tho swiftuess of justico in
such cases is generally recognized as most
valuable to the community. But tho liu
mauitariau sentimeut of the day will no
longer allow any man's chanco of lifo to
bo dependent on the opluions of a slngle
judge, whose temper may have been
rousud against him by contaot with him
duriug the trial."
rollllcnl Xotcs.
Tiie New Hampshiro republicans aro
ongaged in an unaoeraly broil over tho
elcction of a United States senator to suc
ceed Sonator Itollins.
Tiie Ohio prohibitionists havo nomi
nated Ferdinand Schumacher and tho
greenbackera Charloa Jenklna as their
respectlvo candldatea for governor, and
have put a full stato ticket in tho field.
Si'EAKiNO of the coming Demooratio
convention in Ohio, tho New York Sun
says: "If the Democrats aro discreet and
nominato a suitable candldate for gover
nor, thoy are pretty suro to carry tho state ;
but they have a genius for defeating them
aelves, and this is what the Republicans
rely on."
They underatand out on the Facifio
coaat that Mr. Conkling and his frienda
have bought tho Judge, the New York
comlc paper, in order to put an end to the
cartoon attacks upon tho fallen atateaman.
This leads tho San Francisco Call to give
au anecdote concorning President Van Bu
ren : On returning home one evening he
was met at the door by his wife, who hold
up a newspaper to his view with a marked
article, in which ho was scandalously
abuaed. " Mr. Van Buren," said she, " un
less you cowhido the author of that arti
cle, I will get a divorco from you." " Tut,
tut, wife," replied Mr. Van Buren,"!
paid the editor 300 for writing it."
SnixGFiELD Repuiimcan : " General
Sherman has his weaknesses. He thinks
' Dorsey was a splendld senator and Gen
eral Brady a hard-working, active man.
Both of them seemed to me to be honor-
able men. What they did in the matter
of the mail routea for which they have
been tried was in the line of promoting
the population and development of the
West.' 1 1 am a believer in the West,'
added the old general, not stopping to ex
plain how it was that a million dollars
was saved on star-routes, assoon as Brady
waa turned out, without interfering with
the mail facilities of the West, or with
the ' population and development ' of that
IIo!. James B. Beck says in tho New
York Tribune : " Tho way I view the sitU'
ation for tho next presidential campaign
is this : The majority of the people of the
United States are tired of what you might
call Republicau bossism, but don't think
yet that we can be trusted. We have a
majority of the next congreaa, and the re
sult will depend upon what we do. If we
organize and go honeatly to work to eg-
islate for the good of the whole country,
put down monopolies without disturbing
industry, carry a genuine reform of the
civil service into effect, and keep clear of
the idea that power is to be used only to
reward political friends, we will elect tho
next president. The contest will be one
of ideas of thia character, and will not be
ailected by the differencea of opinion on
the tariff. Peraonally I am a liberal
trader ; aome of my friends believe in pro
tection ; but these things will not influ-
ence us much, Ihe vital questions are so
great that I do not care to speak about
men. There lsn't any one man mg enougn
to stand for them no one who towers over
the others so greatly that he can be looked
npon as the only fit mau to represent the
pnnciples now at lssue."
Mixneai'Olis Trihuxe : " Technic
ally, Mr. Edmunds would be handicapped
by the fact that his state is small and
hopelesslv republican. But it is to be ie-
membered that iu 1SS1 we shall have more
than one doubtful state, and it may be
fairly questioned wnether, all tnings con
sidered, Mr. Edmunds, on accouut of his
great eminence, wide populanty and sin
gular fitnessfor presidential duties, would
not carry more oi tnese uncertain com
monwealths than would any candidate ae
lected from some one of them, but having
no particular elements of strength beyond
his own home. The names of Edmuuds
and Lincoln would form a ticket which
ought to rally to it every man who has
ever voted with the republicans. It
would touch the high water mark of
that republicanism which has so superbly
illustrated the annals of the last quarter
of a centurv, and in which, when it is up
permost, the masses still have an abiding
confidence. It would be a ticket which
could not, by any possibility, be matchtd
on the other side. It would hush the
voice of faction. It would leave no
shadow of excuso for any republican to
vote against his party or stay away from
the polls. It would do more, it would se-
cure the quiet support of tens of thoua
ands of nomiual democrats wuo nave no
wiah to Boe the control of the nation
turned over bodily to the aort of political
Ieadera who are just now at tho tront iu
democratic counciis.
Au Importnnt Hcaring.
In the hcaring of the petitlon of the Central
Yormout railway against the Montpelier and
Wells Klver railway beforo coinuilasloners nt
llurlineton. wo condonso tho following from
the'ree l1reis report. The petitlon la to com-
pel the defendant road to make conncnctloua
with tho Coutral,and for tho lUingof a tntiff
of raten. For threo years prior to 1880 tho
Centrnl run n Saratoga nnd White Mountuln
exnrcAs trnln orer the Wells Klver road. In
lSSO the Montreal & l)08ton nlr llne road wan
formed, niado up uf tho Iloston, Concord &
Montreal, tho l'assuiupslc, the St. Johnsbury
Si Liko Chattiplaln, and tho Southeastern
ro.ida. Thia comblnatlon entered Into a brl.ik
compotltioii with tho Central for tho Xew
Kngiand nnd Caunda business. To break up
thnCcntral's White Mouutaln llne, in May,
1880, the roads named aboro, excepting tho
r.i9iinip.4ic, mano a contract witu the woiu
Klver road, by which the latter, In consldeM
tlon of Sll.OOOpald by cach of the threo uego
tlating roadti, broko iu connections with tho
Centrnl nnd rufused to mako through ratea for
ireint or pasaeuger tramo uy way ol tne jaiier
road. TIiIh actluu of tho Welln Itivor road In
lurluusly alTects tho bualuoss of tho Central
itud discommodea the public. Thero la a ntnto
law leiiulrlug oonucctlug or lutorsectlng llnes
to oxteiid proper facllltioi to each othor, etc;
nnd ut tho last BCHBlon of tho legislature au
aiuendiuent was patsed, givlng to comniiiision
ors tho powor of tlxlng tho liourn whou pansen
gr tralna of connectlng roads shall conuoct
with each other. It Is uudor this statnto that
tho nroceedlnga Bro brought. Tho Central
Vormont manauera clalin that thoy havo oa'
deavored to ruu their tralns so as to counect
with tha Wells Klver road, but tliat tlio mnn
flgers of that road refuo to give them any
nmnm-.tlona. Tlio Wells Hlvor folks elaiiu. ou
the other hand, tliat thoy aro aud always have
been ready to carry all passongera und frelght
furulshod by tho Cunlr.il, but that their coueo
tlons at Wells Hlvor aro so much more Impor
tant nnd numerouH tliuu thoso at Montpelier
that they cannot affurd to neglect the former
for tho bouetlt of the lattor, The commission
ers will Htibmlt their roport to the suprome
court on lliursuay oi tma wcck in uurungion,
Barro Acndciny.
The Ufmal nnmmrmrptnnnt Axnmlnftffnna nl
tho ncodcmr occurred on Satnrdnv. Mnnrlnw
and Tuesday, June 9, 11 nnd 12. TlioannK
versnry sermon was on StindAy nt linlf-pnst
ono. 1-. m bv I'rofesBor II. A. P. Torroy, A. II,,
of Vormont Unlverslty, who doUvered a nound
and practlcal dlscourse from Homan!! 1: lSand
ii, ann was iistened to with cioko attentlon by
the large nudipnce prpsont. Tuesday ovening
tue town hall wnn fllled tn llaten tn the nrlza
peaklug by tho membcrn from tho two classes
of '8.1 and '84, the jndROS bclng Kev. D. E.
uwiur unu i-roieasnr r a. Jiicnop irom mont
pelier and Henry Prlest, A. M., of Goddard
ocininary, Aitor music and prayer tlio loliow
Ing proKramme was glven: Lonlo Avery of
Corinth, ''Fall of I'embotton mlllj" Myrtlo
wo"J' 11 " wi uorim, "iasi uayfl oi licrcuian-
In; Charlea M. Angell of Rochester, " Abra
hnm Lincoln j Mabel Hunt of Barre, " Slege
of Corinth." Muslc followed, aftor which tke
judges announcedthsprlzes: flrst, J. N. Per
iln; socond, Laura Gale. Wednesday at ten
A. m., was the nnnual meetlngof tho trustees,
nnd tho following board otomcers waa elected:
Kev. L. Tennoy, president; O, A. Smlth, clerk:
J. II. JacksoQ, M. D., collcctor and treasurer,
V. McMillan, C. L. Currler, J. II. Jacksou, pru-
aenuai committeo. some other business was
lelt over to bo roported at an adlonrned
meeting to bo held to-day (Wednesday).
At three o'clock r. m. were tho claaa dav kt,.
erclies at Academy hall. It was tho intentlon
of tbe class to hold these out of doorg, but the
day wa9 too ralny to allow It. The excrclses
were opened by muslc. Lou D. Andrews was
ine ciass nistorlan; n recltatlon was given by
Mndolla S. Nlmnsj class prophecles by Mlss
Avery and class poem by J. Newton l'errln.
The oxerclscs were variod with muslc and were
very good. In the ovening Academy hall was
well lllled to hear tbe address beforo the grad
uatlng class by A. N. Wheelock A. M. Mr.
Wheelock gave an lntercstlng address ln his
usual oasy and natural style. Thursday fore
noon was tho annual meottng of tho alumni.
at two o'clock in the afternoon the town hall
was fllled to overllowiug with peoplo to lletcn
to tho gmduating exerclses. Tho platform was
very tastefully decorated with potted plants
irom ino conservatory oi wimam uiarK. in
the backeround were two crouns of Dlants one
on either side of the stnge, conslstlng raostly of
ierns. iearor in irom, groupa oi geramums
nnd fuchslas lent the cliarin of their brlghtly
colored blossoms to the scene. Near the edge
of the platform on oither side were arranged
calla lllles with groups of coleous surrounding
mem, wnne in me cenier in iront was a large
moundof cut flowers, conslstlng of lllles, roses,
fuchslas, geranlums, pansle9, ferns, etc. Over
liead ln an arch of evergreens was the class
niotto ln gllt, " '83, Em quam viderl." Good
muslo was furnished by Gilson & Cushman's
orchestra. After music nnd prayer, the follow
ing programme was presented: I'oem, "True
heroes, J. N'ewton l'errin of Berlin; Effle A.
Avery of Corinth, essay, "Mosalcs;" essay, "Hu
man life," Mary E. Bosworth of Uerlln: essay.
"Agoof Kllzabeth,"Mabel Huntof Barre; essay,
" Ilelps over hard places," Lou D. Andrews of
Pittsford; essay, "Successful mcntal effort,"
Mary H.Carpenterof Berlin; Laura Galeof Plain
field, eBsay, " Home, Sweet Home " ; Robert N.
McUonald of Granville.'oratlon, "The strugglo
ln Ireland:" Darwin S. Waterman of Orance.
oration, " Incentives to action; " essay, "hv-
ery-aay wonaers, Anna o. uiaa oi tast uot
inth; essay, " Social Kthlcs,", Lizzlo A. Cush
man of Kochester; essay, " Sunny-slde,"
Madella S. Xima of Roxbury, X. H. ; oration
with valedlctory, Archlo E. Perklns of Walts
Klver. l'resentution of dlplomas followed, and
tho class of '83 of Barre academy followed
ln the footsteps of the many that had pressed
on toward a more liberal education before them.
reception was held in tbe evening for teach-
era and class, by I'rofessor Slocum, at the
boaruing-nouso pariors, ana was weu attenaea.
Pleasant Iutelllgeuce.
Tho announcement bv tho niultifarious me-
dlums cmployed. by Mr. John B. Doris of tbe
coming of his Great Inter-Ocean, largest and
best show on earth, on rriday, June ila, will
bo rocelved with tho createst nleasuro by old
and young. Tho older of us can well remem
ber when a few horses, wngons and anlnials
together with a man who could stand on a
hurso without falling off, nnd nnother who
conld stand on bis head or throw n somcrsault,
would constitute a complete show, and even
children of tho present generation have their
idenl shows; but lt is a progressive age aud
what would satisfy us then will do so no lunger.
In no form of amusements have there been
such radical changes as in the tenting shows,
usuaiiy caueu lor suort, a circus, tnougn in
reallty they aro a perfect world's fair. The
theater remains proity much the same, and old
plays aro constantly being reproduced. With
some shows it is aiso much ihe same. Their
managers comtnenced years ago and estab
lished reputations by ghowlng woolly horses,
etc, with occasionally a genuine thlng. Their
idea of progress and improvement seems to be
only Iu extent but not in a change of methods
or of advertising. Tho people wherever the
Great Iuter Oceau Show has exhiblted in the
tive years of its existence have learned to re
gard it as the embodiment of all that is new,
iresh nnd desirable in a popular form of pnbllc
eutertainmont, and n distlnct departuro from
the old-fashioned concorns. The stereotyped
features always possossod by every other show
have been almost entirely discarded, and those
rotalned are only tho very bost. Mr. Djrla ia
a young man couiparatively, but ho haa somo
tweuty years expenence ln the buidness and he
ia a master of every detail, possesstng complete
knowledgeof all that the expeiienceof other
and older managers had envolved, and ln addi
tion to that, he is full of young blood and fresh
ldeaa, nnd best of all, ia a gentleman, born aud
bred. l'erhaps lt would be better to wrlte that
be was born very poor, and had no other edu
cation than that to be had in coming contact
with the public; but the uufortunate fact re
mains that he ia not only a gentleman by edu
cation and culture but that he luherited thia
character. One marked difference betwe'en
him and other managers, who boastfully pa
rade their humble origin, ia to be found in
their respective estublishiuents, eapeclally re
gardlng elforts made lor the pleasuro and coni
lort ol their patrons. While with other showa
which have visited thia place, the only purpose
of tho managers seem to be to once get their
patrons under thoircanvass and then lct them
take care of thomselves, Mr. Dorls rightly
thinks that a person's comfort at a clrcua is
justaa much conslderntton us lt ia at a theater.
or other placea of amuaement; and he holds
pollteness aa cheap aa alr, and he lnsisis that
overyono of his several hundred employees
shall show it. Peddling peanuta und candy,
and selling lemonade around where people aro
geated and wanting to aeo the performance
they pay their money for, have always been a
nulsauce aud haa kept many people away from
shows. Mr. Doria was the lhbt manager to re
cognlzo that fact, and ho had tho good sense
and nerve to stop it, although older mauagora
shook their heads und said he waa foollsn to
thus sacritice a cortalnty of income, but the
wlsdoui of tho action Is proven to hia satisfac
tiou, and people can nttend the Great Inter
Oceun Show without boing trampled upon by
peauut peddlers. These thinga together witn
thekuowledge that Jlr. Dotis ia caref ul to ad
verttse nothing which he will uot exhibit, to
gether with thegoueiul excelleuce nnd aatis
tactory exhibltiuus ho glvea, show that hia ef
furts to give hia p.itrona moro than the worth
of their money, aresinceroand auccosstul, and
it ia u pleaaure to announco the coming of an
establlshmeut such as the Great Inter Ocean
Sliow aud to recommeud lt to our readera uu
quallfledly. Watoilmry Ccnter. The foundatlon for
the boardlug house ia nearly coinpleted, nnd
the wood work will be comiuenccd next week.
Tho work is-to bo under tho charge of S, A.
Audrews of Richmond, which is guaranteo
tliat lt will be well uud qulckly done.
Ktuan A. KussKLt, ia ralsing and putting a
collar uudor his bam, aud is putting on an ud
ditiuu of eighteeu feot.
AsiiiiunNUAM, Mass., January tl, 1880. I
havo beou very slck ovur two yeara. They all
guo me up aa past cure. I tried tho moat
sklllful physlcl.iUH, but thoy did not reach tho
worst part. Tho lungs and heart would rill up
evory utght and dlstross tue, nnd my throac
wus very bad, I told my children I never
should die ln ptace uutil I had tried llop lllt
ters. I have taken two bottles. They have
helped me very much indeed. I am now well.
There waa u lut of slck folks hero who have
seou how thoy helped me, aud they used them
and aro cured, aud feel as thankful aa I do
that thore is so valuable a medlcine made.
Mns. Juua G. Cubiu.no.
Thk Ohio l'rohlbltlonlsta havo nomlnateJ a
etate ticket.
i i uicaiora oi narre, uur ne-
rolo dead:" muslc; Archlo E l'erklna of Walta
Itivor, Scene at great natnral brldge;" J. Xow
ton Perrln of Ilerlln, "Siege of Lucknow;"

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