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VERMONT WATCIIMAN & STATE ,TOXJKNAT WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1883.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1883. Tibks-$2.00 tor yor "trlctty ln dvanco or 2.S0 If not cald within thrce montht. Tiii: colorod pross nssoolation at St. Louls resolved ia favor of spolllng ncgro with a capital " N." And why not whito man wlth as much proprioty ? A Whito Man ls as good as a nig Negro, any day. IIkfkrkiko to tho Tildon booni, tliat outspoken domocratio Bheot, tho Brooklyn Eagle, says : " Would not tho party out a ludlcrons ilguro ahouting about a fraud that ought to havo beon redrossed in 1880, which it had tho opportunity to redresa, and whioh it deolined to give battle for. In this respoct tho party would not bo nnliko a woman who should como to court complaining of rape oight yoars aftcr it was committed, and saying that she had just woko up to theonormity oftho outrage." Tiie old-faahioned democrats of Ohio do not tako very kindly to Judgo Hoadly aa tho nomineo of tho party for governor. Ilis preaent democraoy ia only five or Bix yeara old, and thoy very naturally think that Genoral Ward, who was born a dom oorat and has never beon anything elso, should have beon uominated. Ex-Sonator Thurman is of this opinion, and will givo Judgo Hoadly but an indifferent support, evcn if ho votos for him. He is reported aa saying at tho convention that tho ticket would bo defeated and deserves to bo de feated. Oiieulin was the firat college in Amer ica to mako an experiment of co-education ou an amplo soale. For tho firat twonty years shehad an annual average attendance of 500 students; sinco that time, for thirty years, it has been fully 1,000, rising the preaent year to about 1,500. D uring the greater part of this half a century tho young men have outnumberod tho young women by a third or a quarter. Bnt in the timo of the late war the women were the most numerous, and duriug tho last two years they are again in the majority. Which ever sex, however, has numbered most at any time, thero alwaya havo been aoveral hundred of both sexes in attendance, tneeting together daily in the clasa rooms for recitation. Tiie following extraot regarding Mr. Tilden, ia from a Cincinnati Enquirer special : John R. llead, the accredited Tilden representativo in Pennaylvania, returned from Grey8tone to-day. He de- scribes, as all Mr. Tilden's visitors do, the wonderful activity of tho old man. " No one," said Mr. Eead, " could walk around with mo about the farm as he did for from four to six hours that was not protty healthy. We started out after breakfast, and went over the farm. We looked at the colta and tho Alderneys, and the old gentleman was far more interested in their condition than he was in the next presidenoy. Coming baok toward the house, we were prepared for lunch, and Mr. Tilden ato quite as heartily as I didi and I was hungry.' Tiie New York Sun finds the return fire to its campaign cry " Turn tho raa oala out" altogether too hot. It haa dropped it and picked np the more con servativo alogan " The republicans must go." The firat cry waa a boomerang and struck the Sun that hurled it full in the f ace. The aecond ia uttered with a atage effect that ia evidently intended to have a kind of " Delenda eat Carthago " im- presaiveneaa about it. Thia cry may do to frighten children but has no terrora for men who have heard it quadrennially for the last twenty yeara. The Sun is quite as likely to be misinformed about the going or coming of republicans in 1881 as itwas in any preceding olection. It muat have better reaaona than it haa yet given for its declaration, and other means than slandering dead men on the strength of Dorsey revelationa muat be employed, or tho " going " of tho republican party will be for its old time enemy, and with a ven geance that will make its defeat a matter beyond all doubt. TnE shooting of a Louisiana clergy man, the head of a girla' school, by a young, hot headed brother minister, was recorded in Tiie Watciiman not long ago. And now Arkanaas comes to the front with a revorend murderer. A Baptiat minister, a Itav. Mr. Singleton, a minister of brilliant talents and unerring accuracy in pistol practice, had a dispute with a Mr. Moore over some trifling matter. The pistol aeema to have been mightier than reason or Christian precepta with thia clergyman. Ho drow his weapon upon his defonaeless and inoffensivo antagonist and cbanged tho war of words to a mur- derous aaaault. He fired threo shots at his fleeing enemy who in tho future may be more inoffenaive than hitherto, since he ia probably f atally wounded. In defenBo of Mr. Singleton it ia aaid that he haa " tho temper of n demon " and in thia instance " was mad with rage." He has abandoned his pastoral charge for tho preaent, it ia reported, and his parishioners are hunting him, whether to bring him baok to hia pulpit or to hand him over to the BheriJT, ia what people in other conv munities aro querying. That ho will suffor tho legal penalty for his crirao, no one familiar with the history of murders in high life in tho South for au inatant believos. On tho Becond of July Judgo Haughn was murdered in Texaa and tho orime is attributod to tho faot that ho waa a witness in a trial in tho federal courts of some ballot box stuffers. Tho Uuited Statea diatrict attorney has takon refuge lar from tho county seat whero the trial had beon going on and expresaes his fears of threatenod murderous vlolonce, if he appoars thero to continuo tho proaecution. Such aro tho briof roports concerning this affair which have como to tho publio knowlodge. Strlko of Tolcgrnpli Opornlors. Thoro oxists in tho Unitod Statos and Canada an organization knowu aa tho Ilrotherhood of Telegraphers. Tho or ganization is aaid to havo n membership of oxcoeding ten thousand and ombraccs a large portion of all the telegraph opera tors in tho country. The organization, its members declnre, is " tho result of tho tyrannical and unjust trcatment mcted out to them during tho past ten yeara." Thoy say that between the years 1870 and 1871 two genoral reductions amount ing to twenty-five per cont were mado in their wages ; that looal managers to curry favor with their suporiors mado other economlo auggeations affecting tho ser vice and componsation, and that in 1878 tho companies mado another direct rcduc tion in their wages, although tho quar terly reporta showed an increaso in the profits of the lines. They maintain that tho averago pay for commercial oper ators in tho Unlted States is only about fifty-four dollars a month and of railway operatora thirty-nine and ono-half dollars a month; that the service is confining and continuous, wearing upon mind and body, roquiring skill of a high order and imposing very grave responsibility. The hours of labor are deemed excessive, con- sidering the exhausting charactor of the labor, railway operators in particular, bo ing compelled to be at their posts from fourteen to sixteen hours a day, and on many roads they are required to sleep in or near their offices so that they may be called for any purpose connected with the running of trains. A claim is also mado that for Sunday labor extra pay ahould be allowed in accordance with a custom prevailing in other occupationa. The fact ia cited that tho late William Orton, president of tho Westorn Union and while he was living more thoroughly conversant with telegraphic matters than any other man in the country, testified beforo a con gressional comtnittee that telegraph oper ators could not perform daily more than six hours of continued labor without en dangering their health. In view of these general facts tho operators through their committee petitioned July 10 for a redress of grievances, aa follows : Soctlon 1. Bollovine that man's nhvslcnl and montal welfare requlres that at' least ono day in seven be accorded him lor rest and rec roatlon, we ask for the total abolltion of Sun day work as a compulsory duty, unloas coin pensatod as extra service. Section 2. That eight hours auall constituto a regular day's work and sevcn houra a regular nlght's work, and that both soxes Bhall recelve equal pay for cqual work. Section 3. That a unlveraal increase of fif teen per cent on all salaries paid shall be peiiuonoa now lor. Tho companies showed no disposition either to accede to the terms of tho brotherhood or even to recognize its com mittee and negotiato with it. Accord ingly a strike was ordered at noon, Thurs- day, the 19 th instant, and at that hour in over two hundred cities in the TTnitfid Statea and Canada the operators aban- doned their keys, departed from tho com panies' offices and formally entered upon course of resistance to the most pow erful and far reaching corporation on this continent. Messages half completed in their reception or delivery were instantly abandoned when tho signal was given to atrike. IIow suddenly and effectively the movement was executed is well illustrated by tho scono in New York. At noon in that city, saya tho preas account, four hundred and fif ty operators of both sexes were at work in the main operating room of the Westera Union company, and the busy olicking of tho instrumenta was going on without a break. Message after message was roceived and sent with the rapidity that is born of long experienco and nativo deftnesa. Eleven minutes afterward tho sceno changed in an in stant, and with a preoiaion which ahowed that the principal actors in the change were prepared for it. Tho Bignal waa given by a prolonged acreech from asmall pockot whiatle aounded by Mr. Frank Phillips, one of the operators. The effect was mstantaneous. Hardly had the shrill ecno died away, when the rattle of the telegraph apparatus ceased, thero was a moment of ailence, and then camo a cheer which made the rafters rincr. With vigorous hand clasping and a waving of handkercbiefs, the operators began to move toward the exits. Tho human stream went steadily and orderly down the slaira to the street below, whero a orowd gathered. All were exultant, en- thuaiastio, salisfied. They remained but a little while beforo the entrance to the building on Broadway, dispersing within a few minutes after they had grouped themselves. All told, about four hundred operators lef t the place, and among them were many young girls. A similar sceno, with smaller numbers participating, was onacted in all the larger citiea in the Union and tho Do minion. The strike, thongh aimed at the Weatern Union chieily, as that corpora- tion controls telographio matters in this country, affeots also several cther compa nies. Tho managers of the different llnea had prepared to aomo oxtent for thia emergeuoy, but at firat tho officea were praotically strippod of operators and tho transraiaaion of messages was auspended, rartiai quotas of Ioaa skillful or unprac ticed operators havo been gathered in and messages aro taken subject to delays and to delivery by mail at their destlnation if necessary. Suoh substantially is tho Bituation at tho present time. Tho inter- ruption to bu8iuos8 is very groat, but business men aro ou tho same Jevel in this respeot and havo recourso to the slower facllitioa of tho mails. Tho business of tho country is very light at thia time, and tho inconvonienco and loss ontailed upon it is trifling in comparison with what a similar intorrnption at almost any other season would havo occasionod. l'opular nympatby is decidodly on the sldo of tho operators. Their wages aro bellevod'to bo insufiloiont, tho sorvioo un nierclfully exacting and their domands for redress aro regarded as just and rea sonable. Tho companies, judged by their financial exhibita aro abundantly ablo to pay their employos wagos that Bhould cn- ablo them to support their famllics liko human beings. The Westorn Union is paying largo dividends on a capital thinued down by wator till ita presont onorinous bulk, $80,000,000, represeuta between four and fivo times the aotual capital investod. It seema to havo troated ita employos more liko aerfs than like free, intelligcnt beings. It has never squan- dered money in efforts to ameliorato their condition or to attach them to its fortunes. Theso things may bo true, tho griovances of the operators may bo all that they aro represented to be, and publio sympathy may bo strongly enlisted in behalf of the strikers, and yot tho policy of a atrike, of coercion, to extort from soulless corpora- tions concessions which they will not willingly make, may be questioned. A body of men more accustomed to deftly manipulate the koy of a telegraphic in strument than to plan and conduct campaign or organize a corner in telegraphic labor, arrays itself againat a great, rich, compact, thoroughly organizcd corporation whose business for a genera- tion has been the destruction of rival companies, a kind of brigandage against its neighbors and of piracy upon the pub lic. It is thoroughly skilled in precisely those arts in which the leaders of the brotherhood are tho veriest tyros. This, however, does not affectthe justice of tho demands of the weaker party to tho con- (lict. It may bear upon its discretion and judgment and discount its chances to suc- ceed, but it constitutes no good reason why the underpaid and overworked opera tors should not assert their rights. If they were to reaiat tho companiea at all, a united resistance only could be effective, Their right to organize for their own do- fence against the greed of capital is as broad and cerfeainly as juatifiablo aa tho right of capital to combine for loweriug tho wagea of omployes and bleeding the pub lio by oxtortionato charges. The operatora in their methods have simply taken their cuo from tho companies, and the super- cilious ignoring by the latter of tho com mittee of the brotherhood on the ground that thoy will not be dictated to by a la bor organization, is simply an exhibition of sublimo cheek. That draught the com- panies havo often pressed to the publio lips, and it has been drunk to the drega, It is a conflict botween a very short and a very long purse. Its success seema very doubtful. The soasou of business quiet and dullness favors the companiea, uud every day of tho prolongatlon of the atrike, it would seem, must inure to tho benefit of the longer purse aud tho stronger party. The substituto operators will in creaso in numbers and acnuire skill Want and empty purses will begin to work their disintegrating effects upon the now solid ranks of the strikers. The prospects of their final success are not as good as they deserve to be. Latest. The strike of the telegraph- era ia virtually unchanged. The oflicers of the Western Union admit that they are seriously crippled in New York, and that they are not ablo to tako caro of the ordinary business of the day. They esti- mate their losses in that city alone at 825,000 per day. The women operators were expected to strike Monday. The situ- ation in Washington is moro serious than it has been since the strike began. Great delay ia occasionod in the tranamiaaion of messages, and thero is but one wire open to Cincinnati, and all the wires to Chicago aro interrnptod. Conilictingreportsof tho situation are roceived from the south and west ; neilher side, however, appears in- clined to yield. The substituto operators do not seem to be efficient. There does not appear to be an open markot for telo graphers from which eflioient operatora can bo supplled, like carpentera or other craftamen. This fact and their losses and ombarraasment may bring the bolligerent companies to consider the proposals of the oporators. Canal Projccts. The Britiah parliament ia discussing the proposed arrangements with De Lesseps for cutting a new canal parallel with the indefatigablo Frenchman's original ditch from Fort Said to Suez. The demands of commerce seem to require a donble track for the vessels that now crowd this routo to and from India, " far Cathay " and lslands of tho Pacific. English jeal ousy of De Lesseps and France may de feat tho arrangement made by Gladstono with tho canal company, but it cannot re atrict the daring ontorpriso of tho restless geniusthatconcoived andsuccessfullycon summated tho acheme for connecting tho waters of the Mediterranoan and Ited soas, The scheme imputed to Cortos,when, three and ono-half centurios ago, from tho sura inlts of tho Cordilleras the waters of the Paciflo burst upon his view, of connectr ing tho waters of tho two ocoans by a ahip canal, whilo less daring spirita dreamod and speculatod has beon boldly takon up by tho veteran projeotor of tho Suez canal and put in tho way of a praoti cal roalization. Aa if those gigantio euter. prisos woro but toya to amuso a man at an ago when other mon aro retiring from ao tivo lifo or havo becomo incapacitated by years for ailairs of even ordinary moment this man of astonishing powera of mind and body ia interosted in a project for connecting tho Adrlatio with tho iEenn bcii, uy cuiung uie lBtumua ot uorintu juore than this ; ho is rovolvlug iu his for tllo brain a schomo for cutting a canal from tho Modltorranoan through Tunis and flooding portiona of tho groat Afri can desort which aro known to bo lowor tiian tho aurfaco of tho soa whose assist anco is to bo invoked to rehabilltato tho adjacent reglons with their pristino vor duro and productlvencss. In theso basins, conjecturcd to bo tho beda of groat in- land soas long sinco oxtinct, another sea will bo created. Tho environing rangcs of mountains will afford tho agonoios for condensing tho ovaporation and prccipl tating upon parched and desort wastes tho rainfall that Bhall chango them into fortilo fiolds. His achlevementa and projects whioh aro loss vision ary thau hia greatest achievement, the Suez canal scheme, was thought to be, tho marvelous activity ho oxhibits under his moro than threo scoro years and ten, the skill ho displays in difiioult diplo matic, no lesa than in great engineoring problems, all rank DeLeaaepa aa ono of tho most astonishing creations of an ago that has produced men who have puBhed tunnels through mountains and under tho bed of ocoan, bridged streams that have defied man's skill and daring since tho creation and, who havo developed and uti lizod the miraculous powors of oloctricity. Commerce seema to have ainiater de- aigna upon the necks of penlnsulas and continents wherover theso narrow strips of land intorpose a barrier to tho passago of its argosie3. To the project to make the ancient Feloponnesus an island by cutting a water way across the isthmu3 of Corinth, allusion has been made. A scheme is discussed for unitingtho waters of the Bay of Biscay and tho Mediter ranoan by a canal across southeastern Franco; tho North Sea wth the Baltic by cutting Denmark from its.continental moorings ; for severing Scotland from England by a trouch from Tyno to Sol way Firth ; for making Manchester a seaport town by digging a ship canal to the sea ; for shortening tho routo from Eist Indian ports to the coast of China by ampntating the Malay peuinsula. Similar enterprises engage attention on this continent. Beaidea the Panama canal, there is tho much mooted Nicaragua routo betweon the Atlantic and Pacific, and Captain Eades' ship railway further north, across Tehauntepec. Moro promiaing than auy of these ia the scheme of the Florida Ship Canal company, recently or ganized and numbering among its oflicers and stockholders men of ominonce in the affairs of this pushing land. The cost is estimated at thirty million dollars. The stock, it is said, has all beon subscribed, engineors engaged and tho work will be under contract by the first of September. General Charles P. Stone, a union soldier and until recently chief of .staff to the Khedivo of Egypt, is chief engineer of the company. xne proposed routo leaves the St. Johns rivor about twenty miles above Jacksonville, atrikes directly for the Suwanee river and follows that stream to the Gulf of Mexico, making an open tide water route, without locks, less than one hundred miles in length and deep enough to float tho largest sbips. It will shorten by several hundred miles the distance from the great ports of the gulf statea to the markets of the Atlantic coast and avoid the dangers that threaten ves sels off tho south shore of Florida. It is believed that this canal can be finished iu throe years. From the daya of Cotton Mather commercial Burgeous have had their eyes on tho gaunt arm that crooks out from the eastern coast of Massachu- sotts. It has however escaped to this day the rude surgery of the canal diggers, but we believe tho matter of uniting the waters of Capo Cod and Buzzard bays has beon before the Massachusetts legislature at its present session. Shipowners have long been impatient of the land barrier between Chesapeake and Delaware bays Congress has often been appealed to to assist in uniting the waters of theso great arms of the ocean ; to provide an unrullled water way from Norfolk to Albermarle; past the stormy capes, and to encourage the wedding of the waters of the Missis aippi and tho great lakea by helping to build the Hennepin canal. These and other similar schemes have been more or less conspicuously before tho public. The increaslng commerco of the world, tha shortening up of all other old time means of communication, ine necessity ot propor tionate and reasonable despatch iu order to maintain tho preference which their comparative cheapness socures for water freights, will unquestionably compel the construotion, sooner or later, of some of these projected canals and of othera which havo not been named. Ohio. Judgo Foraker has opened the Ohio campaign on the republican side in a vig orous speech. He defenda high tariff, illustratea tho benefita of protection by the growth of Ohio during the last quarter century, and aees in the doveloping seusi tiveness in business circles the effects the appreheusion of demooratio success always exoitos. Tha advantages whioh labor enjoya here wero compared with Europeau standards. " Wo cannot com- peto with that kind of labor," tho spoake said, " unlesa wo reduce our labor to tho same level. Tho republican party ia not willing to do that. The laborer in thia country is a part of tho governing power. He ia a voter. Ho has a voico iu tho govornmont. Asido, theroforo, from all humanitanan reasons we want him to havo a ohance for aolf-elevatlon. Wo want him to eat meat and bo comfortablo. Wo waut him to bo ablo to tako oaro of his family and educato his children. Wo waut him to gathor knowledgo and bo good citizen, lovo hia country, and bo ablo and willing to tako caro of it. And for this reason it is that wo say, if wo oanuot go into tho markots of tho world without belng subjected to an unjust and dograd ing compotition, wo will mako oursolvos , indopendent of thoso marketa by making markota of our own. Instoad of aending our raw cotton across the ocoan to be thoro manufaotured and flont back to us, wo will havo cotton mllla hero. Wo will mino onr own coal, develop our own min erals, manufacturo our own iron and stoel, build our own railroads, with our own products, and thua havo dlviaion of labor, diversity of employment, homo markets and domestio commerce." Judgo Hoadly'a chargo that tho repub lican party was responaiblo for miatriala ln tho star routo casea was met with the facts that a majority of the government lawyors were democrats, as also the corrupted jurora. Hia opponent'a stalo chargea about the electoral commiasion wero dismlssed, with a sarcastio allusion to the Oregon case, which Judgo Hoadly managed for tho democrats, but was thrown out by a unanimoua vote of tho commission. Closing wlth an eloquent defenco of the Scott law for tho taxation of saloons, he said : TIib republican party enacted it. and wo are Btandlng squarely npon lt. We do not clalm thatlt is perfect; legislatlon seldom is. Wo do not clalm elthor that lt will givo entlre satls- laction to erory man naa ovory class ol mon ln thegtate: there are very few laws that do. Uut we do claim that lt is better than anything we havo had in this nt.ite. . . . It not onlv aflordtf authority to regulate the triitllc and re press its evlls, but lt also couipcls ittosharo uio uuruens ot taxation wmcn ic bo largeiy helpg to create. Ita contrlbttlon to Cincinnati thia year 1b more than S 100.000: in Cloveland more than 200,000, aggregatlng for tho whole stato almost S'AOOO.OOU. As a result the prop-crty-owners of tho state will not be called on to nav anv taxea thia vear for ooor-houaa nur poses tho tax from thia notirco beiog Bulllcient n nimoat au, u not qtuto au, tno counties ol tue tato to meet tue requlrements ol tnat lund. n tho meanwhlle our democratlc friends are attacklng this meaaure. They aro opposed to tne taxation oi tne nquor trainc, uniess lt Do in the iimiossiblo namu of llconso. When thev t.ilk to the Hquor lnteresta, they denounce the law as sumptuary legislatiou and an interf eranco with peruonal llbetty, and when they talk to othera thoy brand it at least Judgo Hoadly dooa as a Bcheme to authorlze Baloon-keepera for $200 a head to make as many drunkards aa thoy pleaae. lle wanta the law ropealed and a, ludiclously graded licenae ayatem aubatltuted. wno knowa oetter tuan Jungelloaaiy doestliat a licenae Byatem ia proniuitea Dy our constitu tion, and that an amendment ol our constitu tion ao aa to authorlze lt ia an nbaolute ininos- albility? The people of thia stato have twlce defeated licenae by overwhelming majuritlea, and to submlt a third propoaltion would be notulng shuit of abaolute trilliDg. Tho demo crats would not dare attempt rts lepeal, if they controi tne next legislature. High Llcensc. As gloaned from the newspapers, some of the effects of tho high license laws ap pear to be a greatly reduced number of saloons and a largeiy increased revenue to the states adoptiug such laws. Tho new law in Ohio, it ia said, will yield nearly 32,000,000 to the stato in the first year, but it ia thought there will be a fall- ing off the second year, as many of the sa loons cannot stand tho tax and thousands of small dealers will be drivon out of the business. When the lllinois city of Joliet had a $50 license a year ago, there were one hundred and seven saloons. When the figure was raised to 8500, tho number fell to sixty-nine, and now with 1,000 licenae, there are just twenty- seven beer-shops running. But the yearly reveuuo, which was 35,350 with one hun dred and seven licenses, is now 27,000 In Chicago, Mayor Harrison and the common councu anticipated the passago of the high license law by giving saloon keepers licenses in advance at the old rate, by which the new law was nullified for ten months. A test case will bo made up and tho mayor's action inquired into by the courts. The corporation counael has decided that saloon licenses are not transferable. This leaves several per- sons witn a large number ot licenses on their hands, taken out on speculation at 103 eacb, before July 1, when the state law making the fee 500 went into force Ou the face of the earlier returns, high licenae would seem to be greatly restrict- mg the area ot the saloons, and some mitigation of the curse must follow, if re- striction and repression are kept up with a firm and impartial hand. If timo shall prove that moral benefita advance as the "low groggeries" recede, high license will have accomplished what its advocates have olaimed for it. The " high licensed " saloons will, of course, do somo portion of the buainesa of the petty drinking places. Even if they do a considerable portion of it, some benefit must accrue to the cause of morality and temperance, to say nothicg of phyaical conditions, by the breaking up of the places where wretohed counterfeita of beer and liquor are dolod out at low prices. The oxperiment young yet and ita ultimate results must be shown by experience rather than by speculation. If, while diminishing the area of hquor-selling and mitigating the evils of intemperance, it shall give tho statea a largeiy increased revenue for philantbropio purposes, it should have tho support of good temperance men and women. With the non-treating and other similar associations for checkinc the formation, development and perpetuation of drinking habits, aa a means to au end it should have the sympathy of temper ance poople rather than uncompromising hostility and bltter donunciation. A Postal Telegraph. Last winter, during tho diacussion in congross on the bill to reduce lejtor post- age, Senator Kdmunds made somo ro marks in relation to a government tele graph, tho substance of whioh was ropro duced in Thk Watoiijian at tho timo Tho striko of tho operators and the publication of their grievances against the telegraph companies oalls publio at tention afresh to thia subject. The oper ators aro uot tho only porsona who havo " grievanoes " against the telegraph com paules. The peoplo, for tho trausmission of ordinary intelligence, are annually taxed a suin that is sufficlent to pay all tho expense of oporatiug a great liuo of telegraph, largo aalarloato Ita chiof oflicers and rich dividends to ita stookholders on a capital that represjints about four parts water to ono part inoney. Theso thinga have influencedatttesmon to favor meas urea by the goyornraent to proteot, ln tho intercat of tpe public, the use of a nat ural forco like! olectricity. On tho oo- asion roferred to abovo, Senator Ed- munda aaid fhat the transmission of in telllgence, Uio real business of tho post oflice, by wiro was aa legitimate aa by rail by st-amboat or by post-horse. He oxpresscd his purpose, if no ono else should do ao to bring in a bill providing, not for tho buying up of exiating lines, but for buying tho poles and the wiro by the gov ernment and establiahing new and indo pendent lines for a postal tolegrapb. He thua briefly indicated what, in his opinion, ought to be done : What tbo Unlted Statea iu reeard to lu nos- tal fiffaliB and the welfare of people needs to do more than anything elae ls the construo tion of a .postal telegraph beginning moder ately between great polnts in the country, and all ltitermedlate polntg, and then ex tending it, just as wo have tho mail syttem, as the needa of the communlly and fair economv would require, until every post- olllce ln the country should have, or be within Immediato reach of, a poatal telo- graph. That ia what ought to ho done, and what will be done, within a very few yeara be yond all question. Electrlclty la just as much n part ot the forces of naturennd of thia world ior tne transmiasion oi lmcmgence aa a ioco motive ia, or aa the old poat-horse waa; and it ia too late nt thia date to aay becauae the world has advanced ln tho meana of dlaseminatlng intelllgcnoe, the telegraph, under the constltu tlon ot the Unlted Statos, la not an approprl ate meana of tho poatal ayatem just na much aa lt ia to transmlt lettera. That ia all I wlah to say about it. 'otes and Couimcnts. Tiie " now democraoy " is defined to ba that which believes in nominating old re publicans for tho best officea. NoitRiSTOWN Hekald : " ' Turn the rascals out,' shrieka tho New York Sun. "Why, they are out. Thoy were turned out over twenty yeara ago when they atole all the money iu tho treaaury, rifled the arsonals, and attempted to split the Union, and they havo been out ever since. Wo supposed the Sun knew that." Boston Hekald : " The teachera' in- stituto at the White Mountains last week bore a strong resemblance to an editorial excursion. Something moro than a third of those in attendance were teachers, the rest outsiders who took advantago of the cheap rates. But even this was a largur proportion than thero is of editors on the average editorial excursion." Bostox Hkkai,d: "Speaking of tbo proposed ticket of Edmunds aud Lincoln, tho Chicago Inter-Ocean saya : ' If our " Bob " appears on the next presidential ticket, his name will bo at the head. ll linois doos not play aocond fiddle to Ver mont.' Perhapa not in acrea or popula- tion, but in statesmen sho has nobody who wouldn't be outweighed in playing seventeenth fiddle to George F. Ed munds." Manslayf.k Piiil Tnojtraoj,, member of Congross from Kentucky, weKAjrVxJJir Whito House with Mckee and mtvoduced him as " a republican constituent." The president deliberately put his rignt hand behind his back and said : " I hajve been made acquainted with Mr. LoganY066 some sixty times. His face is as familiar as tho Whito House or the capitol. 11 have no desire to see him aeain. ' Br.avo, President Arthur. Mu. Bak.vum went totho top of Mouiat Waahinnfnn nnn rlav last weefe. ThnvifivCt. from the mountain that af ternoon chanced to be a glorioua one. Tbo ahowman was deeply impressed with tho unnvaled view. Turning to a friend, he said, " I'm going to send a telegram." He turned back, and at the first opportunity tele- graphed to a friend : " I am at the top of Mount Washington. It is the second greatest show on earth." Ex-Sexatou Tnur.MAN-'s son describes Judge Hoadly as " a political gymnast," " a democrat a long time ago, then an ab- olitionist, then a know-nothing, then a re publican, then a radical, then a liberal, then a Grant man, then for Hayes, then against Governor Allen, and at last the democratic nomineo for governor of Ohio." He does not proposo to vote for him ; and we imagine that not a few democrats in Ohio will bo of the same mind. Savanwaii, Georgia, is a good example to Southern states and citiesin the treat ment of debts. That city ia laboring un der the weight of a large municipal in debtedness, but she has strenuously re sisted all proposals to scale down or to re pudiate. With the voluntary consent of her creditors the city has recently re funded her debt at a lower rato of inter est and imposed a taxof threo per cent on real estate to meet present demands and to provide for the creation of a sinking fund. Indei'ENDent: "A correspondent of tho Boston Journal should not mislead the Evening Post and the Evangelist with such a noto from Andover as this : ' The pict uresque old stone house (in Andover) whero Mrs. Stowe wroto " Unclo Tom'a Cabin," is becoming quite a classical pile and attraots numorous visitors from tho country round.' Thoso numerous visitors had better reservo their emotions for a certain modest houso iu Brunswick, Maino, whero Uncle Tom'a Cabin ' was written beforo tho Stowos went to An dover, or crossed tho threshold of tho classical pile.' " O.nk voico all over the land goea up from niothera, that saya. "My daugntera nre ao teeble and sad, wlth no strength, all out of breuth aud life nt the least exertlon. What can wo do for them ?" The nnawer ls slmple and full ot hope. One to four week's uso ot Uop Hlttora will mako them hcaltby, roay, cprlghtly uud cheerful. Thk firat appointment under the new clvll aervico rulea waa that ot a woman at Now Or leans. No molaaaea aud water mixturo, but a con ceutratod extract of tbo active medicinal prop ertiea of roota, barka, etc., ls llood's Sar-saparllla.