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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNA1L, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1883.
4 rnhhmnt S $otmnl Tnm-tf.OO per Tr, itrlctly In dTnoe or HJO lf ' not tM withtn three monttu, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1883. In a noto to hls republican bretbren of tho aenate, Senator Edmunds resigua the preaidenoy of that body. Tho republi- ean cauous postponod aotion for tho rea- Bon that Senator Anthony has not boen sworn In. It haa beon gonorally underatood that tho honor wonld be tendered Mr. Anthony, and by htm declined on acconnt o bis health. Sonator Sherman has boen mentioned aa tho probable choice of tho cauous, ultimately. Some four weeks ago, whon tho com missioner of taxea moved on tho Troy & Doaton railway for non-compliance with tho requiroments of the revenuo law, tho president of tho company expresaed groat snrpriee. Ho had entirely forgotten the matter, thongh the nrbane commissioner had repeatedly oalled his attention to the faot that his returns were wanted. The officlal asked for a suspension of hostili- ties. He had no intention of contestlng tho law and wonld attend to the matter at once. So eren tbis faint hope of gettlng the law into court is lost to ita oppononts. Tkuk to his word, Senator Edmunds has introduced a bill providing for a gov ernment telegraph. Four trunk lines with provislon for branches that shall admit of ita eztonsion to all sections of the country as rapidly as ia deemed expedient, is the main feature of the Benator'a proposed mothod of stretching the wires. The busi nesa details of operatiug these lines, the questions of providing financial meana for their construotion and the direction and management of construotion operations, are duly oonsidered. A California mem- ber has also presentod a meaaure for the establishment of a government telegraph. It is evident that the president has some what modified his views in regard to the necessityof somo aotion by tho govern- ment. He recommends legislation that shall give the government somo sort of supervision over inter-stato telegraph com munications. The adoption of an effec- tive civil sorvice has apparently broken the force of somo of the old objections to this meaaure. The subject will have an exhauative discussion, but it is doabtf ul if the country is yet ripe for the project. Discussion will clear up many objections and may enhance the force of others or develop new ones. benator Morrill has lntrodnced a bill relating to tbe "coinage,8ilvercerti(i catea and Uaited States notes." The bill aims primarily to promote the ref orm of the coinage, elevate ita1 etandard and to im prove its artistlc appearance. The senator aupported his bill in an able speech. The details of his proposed meaaure are not vgt known, but he calla on congress, as a matter of financial legislation, to repeal the Bland bill passed in 1878, binding the government to buy silver and coin monthly not less than two million nor ex ceeding four million etandard dollars, He shows how the market haa been sat nrated with these coina, and predicta a financial water-spout if the mint ia not di Tected to Bhut down in this department of its work. The silver certificates which have been issued againat the thonsands of tons of standard dollars which have been coined, Mr. Morrill shows, will never be preaented for redemption in silver. They will demand coin of another color. Theae certificates are receivable for cuatoms. Whenever our cxchanges feel tbe shock of an adverse balanco of trade, or ourim porta are in excess of our exports, these certificates will turn np and be tendered at the custom house in the place of gold, Gold will become a fugitive from the market in which silver haa been king, and thia king will become everywhere domin ant. The snbject which the senator has brought up is an interesting one, vitally offecting the interests of all the people, and eepecially the earnera of wages. It ia deatined to receive a thorough over hauling in the discussions of this congress, but the prospect of any wholesomo legia lation aflecting the matter isnotflattering. The Fresldcnt's Messnge. The tbird annualimessage of President Arthur waa received too late for publioa' tion in the regular edition of The Watcu man laat week. An extra sheet contain mg the document was issued upon ita reception hore Wednesday morniag and mailed to oach subscriber. In most in stances it waa doubtless received simul taneously with the regular edition. With the extinction of slavery and the suppres sion of the rebellion, opportunitiea for heroic execntive rhetorio or for impas aloned appeal passed away. For the past decade, in particular, tho great interests which have appealed to the cfBeers of the government for tbought and aotion have been of a material character. These afford scopo for the display of sagacious siaxesmansnip, dui iney uo not very strongly arouse tho imaglnation and are not fruitf ul in themea for brilliant state papers. So the Fresident's message is necesaarily, if the executive is a sensible man and eschewB buncombe, a plain state ment of the condltion of the country, and hia statesmanshlp will appear in tbe wis dom of his recommendations rather than in florid rhetoric. Of such a practical and patrlotlo character President Arthur's messagea have been and such is his lutest, with the added merit of greater brevity, the result of the capacity for condensa tion imparted by experienco and careful utudy. The President hns positive convlc tions. He expresses his ideas with cloar neas and ilrmness. He is sometimea at variance with the membera of his cablnet In his viowa of proposed moaanroa, and in ono or two markod lnstancos his allenco oxpressds hia dissent qaito as empbatl cally as phraaes of open dlaapproval. It ia possible that tho people at large may bo moro inollnod to aido with the poatmaator-general in hia recommendation that tho poatago on drop lettora at tho ono hundred and fifty-four offices operatlng ander the. freo dellvory system should re main at two centa. The President reoom- menda that it bo rednoed to one cent, tho samo aa at tho 47,709 offices which do not havo freo delivery. Tho ground for thia recommendation ia that the rovenno from this clasa of matter at theao offioes ex ceeds tho expenso of delivery by something more than a million dollars. If, however, the rato wero reducod ono-half, the ex ponses would excoed tho revonuo by more than fifty por cent, which the people at large wonld bo taxed to pay. Free deliv ory is a special privilogo granted to one hundred and fifty-four out of 47,803 post- offices. Tbe systom extends to all mall matter aa well aa to drop lettera, but tho total expense of free delivery ia compared with the revenue on local matter only. When all the benefita of freo delivery are brought into the acconnt, it ia not so plain that there ia an exceas of revenue from two-contdrop lettera or that the bon eficiariea of the aystem have any reason able grounds for complaint with oxist ing ratea. Tho President'a remarka under thehead, ' leduction of taxation," should commend themselves to every reasonable citizen. He beliovea that further reduc tions than thoae effected by the tarifl and revenue acta of tho laat congreas may be wiaely made, bnt he doea not believe in the adoption of any meaanrea for a large diminution till tho effect of recent lawa can be definitely aacertained. His plan for the retirement of the trade dollar is just and reasonable. He recommenda that it be received at the mint as bnllion, at a aligbt advanco from the current mar ket price of silver. On the other hand, the secretary of the treasury advisea that they be redeemed at their nom- inal value in standard silver dollars. Tho government received no advantago irom tho coinage of the trade dollar. It took the silver aa it waa offered at the mint, coined it and passed the coina over to the ownors. They are wortn now about eighty-seven andone-half conts. It would doubtlesB please the brokers who have bought np this silver at a discount, to sell it to the government at its face value. To theae the secretary's plan ia acceptable, but aa a matter of busineaa and fair dealing, the President'a haa the advantage. An individual acting under standingly will not pay one hnndred centa for an articlo that is worth twelve or thir- teen centa less, and why should the gov ernment 7 The navy and the condition of the coun- try'a coast defensea should awaken popular interest. A correct pnblio opinion should be formed respecting the meana for de fending and guarding the great length of sea coast stretcbing from Passamaquoddy bay to the Rio Grande and hundreds of milea on the Paoific. The ann of the national service which is associated with the most brilliant portiona of the national history is in diegraoe and the butt of every feeble dabater's jests. The President'a recommendations tbat some portion of the surplus revenue should be devoted to atrengthening the navy and protecting tbe country 'a defenceless coast should betaken np by the people and enforced upon the attention of ccnrreaa. Theae subjecta have been too long regarded with apathy or indifference by ths people at large. It is time that they take some interest in this matter and obtain some efficient ao tion. The President proposes heroic treatment of the Mormon qneation. If tbe line of policy initiated by tho Ed mnnda bill is adhered to, he advisea tbat supplementary legislation be had to make tbat meaaure effective. Ile displays, how' ever, a lack of confidence in all such meas- urea and f avora the repeal of the act upon which the exiating government dependa and the assumption by congress of the en tire political control of the territory, Many other matters of general and ape- cific interest, liko the railwry problem, forcstry, civil service reform, the presiden tial succession and tho civil rights of tho colored people, are treated auccinotly and patriotically. A8 a president Mr. Arthur has grown in stature with each succeed ing year of hia tenure of the cffice. He ia not overtopped by any of hia more re cent predecesBors and the times have been very rare in the history of the Nation when a wiser or abler atatesman has been ita chief magistrate. Forebodings. Writing of " the new departure " of ita party, the New York Sun revlews the utterances of the preaa on the eleotlon of Carlisle. It fmda democratio exponents of looal feeling, East and West, rejoicing over the adoption of " a positive and ag gressive policy '' and declaring for tbe re peal of the tariff lawa. The Courier- Jourtal, tho Kentucky organ of Mr. Car liale, heroicaliy sounda its old alogan, "a tariff for revenue only." It doea not pre tend to say that this will insure tho democraoy the election of a president but that it will give them the only ohance of eleoting a president by presenting an honest and tanglble issue. The Sun further quotes from republican journala to ahow that Carllalu'a eleotlon ia tbe 'declaration of a majority of democratio membera that the new congreaa ia in favor of the Watteraon plan of an aggrea alve cainpaign against the tariff. The Bituation bringa a cloud over the Sun, It still declarea that it shinea for all, but its wayward brothren do not indicate a willingness to be guided by ita all dlreot ing rays. In view of these things, tho Sun plalntlvoly remarka : " Amld dlsas torn that would havo dostroyed almoat anythlng merely mortal, amid orrora near ly inaane and faulta moat ouioidal, the demooraoy has oontinuod to oxiat, to hopo, and to Btruggle for a bottor day. Ia this better day likely to bo advancod by the gentlemen who have thus elevated thoir own one idoa into the place former ly ocoupled by tho great unlveraal demo cratio oreod ? We daro aay thoy think so, and poasibly they are right. It may bo that thoy are wiser than Jefferson, than Jackson, than Tlldon, the illnstrioua men who havo hltherto formulated tbe creed and directed tho polioy of tho demo oraoy. What will bo tho effect of this now departure upon tho eleotlon of 1881 T This is a problem that experienoe will promptly solve. Our friend of tho Cou'r-ier-Journal deolares himself f ully prepared for defeat, and probably ho will not be diaappointed. On tbe other hand, the Evening Post of thia clty would seem to Imaglne that tho freo trado party may win, bnt this wo think must be pro- nonncod. a Quixotio illuaion. The judg- ment of aober men will bo that in the prosent temper of the public mind, neither New York nor Connecticut nor New Jer- aey nor Indiana can poasibly be carried upon the free trade programmo. Lonial ana will certainly voto againat it, and Georgia and North Carolina will do like wise. Indeed, the only atates that can aurely bo relied upon to givo a democratio majority under such circumstancea are Eentuoky and Sonth Carolina. Since the battlo ia Brrayed, let ua bave it earneatly waged and the victory fairly determined. We had hoped that it might be postponed till after the government ttself had been reformed, but tbat ia. now impoaaible. We ahall watch tho conteat with oager at tention and report ita mmlfeatations with the atrioteat fidelity. Tho Sun shlnoa for all." Notes and Comments. The New York Sun ia beginning to woaken. It now aaya "the republican party ought to go." New York Would : " Don't think that anything can atop Mr. Tilden's nom- ination for the preaidenoy next year, if bo will announce hia willingness to accept,' said National Committeeman B. B. Smal ley of Vermont to a reporter yesterday." New York Sun : " Ono of the reaulta of Mr. Artbur'a adminiatration of public affairs dnring the past twenty-Beven months is highly creditable to him. There has been a ateadily growing confi dence both in the soundnesa of hia judg' ment and in the aincerity of his desiro to aerve the beat interests of ihe country. That is why tho first December message to congress was awaited with curiona in terest, hia second with reapectf al atten tion, and hia third with the very general conviction beforehand that it would be clear in ita terma, wide in its recommen dationa, and patriotlo in ita inspiring mo tivea." New York Sdn : " Well, tho truth ia that in hia inaugnral speech Mr. Carlisle aeema all the time to be playlng Mr. Randall'a own musio. And he plays it verv neatlv, too, considering. If Randall had made the speech, he would have ex. pressed the idontical sentimonts. But the professiona of a speech are not of much account when the necessity of the sitna tion compels the orator to execute a pro- gramme differing from that he bas laid down. Even as honest a man aa Mr. Car lislo may be forced to contradict himself. When the committees of tbe houae are made up, the facta will speak. Actions are moro decisive than words." A Salt Lake dispatch aaya : " The ITerald, partly owned by John T. Caine, Mormon delegato to congreaa, aaya . of the nreaident'a anti-Mormon recommenda tions : This is the most sweeping meaa ure ever proposed for the poercion of Utah. However, we do not' apprehend the occurrence of anything serious or rad ical in the immediate future. If we will take the trouble to recall the eventa tbe pa9t dozen years we will understand tbat the anti-Mormon storm raging through the land is not more violent than tho storms that have broken out previons to the assembling of congress every winter within the recollectlon of the people of this generation.' The queation ia dis cusaed all over the territory. The church leadera aro agitated." Forty-Elthth Cougross. Tcksday. December 4. In tbe senate a larce number ot bllla were lntrodnced and referred to approprlate committees, and the president'a message was reaci. At a caucas oi ine repuD llcan senatora a committee was appolnted to reorganlza tbo committees. The quostlon ot onstlng tlie democratio ofllcers o( the eenate was dlacussed, but no declslon was reached.... The houte elected the gentlemen selected by the democratio caucus (or the niloor ofilce o( that bodv. nnd referred tbe contested election case from MisHlsslmil to the election committee rn..a A.wf 'Pl, Vlrnlnln finnlaatiul .,1 . 1J . . II t Ll 1 U 1 - .. .U. WU.VO.VU OiCJ tion case waa dlacussed, but no declslon reacbed. After the reading o( the president'a message, an adjournment waa taken. Wkdnesdav. December 5 Nnraerous bllla and Joint resolutlons were Introduced ln the eenate, and Mr, Morrill of Vermont rrnde a apeecn ln support oi nin mii to su'pend the coinage ot the standard silver dollar. ...The nouBe reierred the Virginla contested election case to the electious committee, when iip polnted, with Instructlons tbat it report on the legal queation Involved An early ndl lunment whs taken out of respect to the memorv of lnnmasit iternaon oi Aiauama, wnoseueath was announced. TnuitHDAY. December C In the seuate. at. ter the lntrnductlon of n few bllls and resolu- tions. an urijonrnment was taken nmll Mouilay, ....No builness was transacted In the honso, limi uuuy uinu uajuurumg uuiu oiununy. Mokday, December 10 Several bllls and resolutions were Introduced and referred ln the eenate aud the llat of standlng and ji!nt committees was announced. Mr. Kdmunds ot Vermont tent a letter to tbe republican raucua (held betore theseniitoconveneri) anklng to be rolleved of the presldency pro tempore ot tbe senate. No actlon, however, wiu t iken thereon, The questlon of electlng aenute ofllcers will be consldered at an Hdjnutned cnucus to be held on Thtirsdity....Theentlre seslon ot thobouso was consiimed In the Introductlon nf bllls and resolutions uuder the call oi statea, 824 havlng been preaented. Hotcs of TraTol. Mr. EdUor:K trlDtoChlcaco. the common cato-war to the ereat West, haa become snch an every-dar ezpcrlence to Vermonters aa to be aimost monptonous, snve that the marvel lons ImproTementa In rallroad commnnlcatlon are constantly reduclng the dlstance and ang montlng the comforU of the jonrney. Bnt a recont trlpfrom Chlcngo to Omaha brought new experlence and observatlon, of which It may not bo amlsa to speak, To make the most of thetrlp. by way of alght-aeelng, we made the ontward loorney over the great ltock Island rotite and retnrned by way of tbe Cblctgo, Dnrllngton & Qulncy, And It Ia safe to sfflrm that among the fonr or flre great llnea of com mnnlcatlon betweon the polnta above named, none are moreroynlly funilshed, or more ilchly deservlng the conQdence and patronage of the puDiio inan woso oi onr cnoir.e. Tbo eqnip ment of each road Is BlmDlr maenltlceat. belne compoBCd of most comfortable day coaehes, re cllnlng chalra, sloeplng cara, and the beat dtn Ing cara in tho world. From Chlcago to ltock Island and HkewlBe onour return, from Burlington to Chlcago our route lay raalnly through the Ievel pralrle, bnt a rlch nnd veiy fortile conntry, The aeason being Novemuer, tne somDre nnos oi antnmn pervsded the landscape, bnt eren this conld not conceal the lndescrlbable rlchnesa of this gArden of the world. On elther aideof the rallroad lines were immense corn-flolda, strotch Ing away beyond the reach of onr vlslon, and hero And there, though more seldom than we had expected, the remalns of slmllar fielda of wneat. now nna men we passea atocx-iarms wbero herds of tho fineet looklng cattle were grnzlng, and etlll more seldom we caugbt gllmpsea of large flocka of sheep. Theae vls lona causA tbe New Englander to wonder why a more dlverslfled sgrlcultural indnstry Ia not adopted, and a greater varlety ot crops pro duced ; but donbtlesa those Western farmera are Uught by the lecsons of experlence, and tney are proveruiany qnicK to learn. Aa a rule, tbe farms aro of such mngnltude as to separate tbe dwelllngs by conslderable dls tances, which glvea an nosoclal look to a Yan keo, and doubtless thia very fnct haa much to do with the lonellne?n and homeslckness wlilch otten como to New Englnnd famllles who eml grnto tblther, especlally to the mothera and cblldren. Leavlng Chlcago toward noon, we reached the Mlsslsslpplrlverat Kock Island and Daven port, a dlctanco of one hnndred and eighty three miles, at evenini:. Ot the former nlnce we snw but little, but passed over to Daven port for the nlght. Tbe brldge At this polnt Is a master plece of enelneerlng sklll, and from it is omained a.msgniticent view ot tne river and alpo of the flourlsblug clty ot Davenport restlng upon lta western nanK. uere we made theacqnalntanceof Mr. II. F. Royce, theassls tant manager of tho Chlcago and Rock Island road. and hia accomDllsbed wite. Tnev are botn natlvea oi winator couniy woodstocK and Weathersfield, we believe and they fur nlsh a irood examole of the buslnesa caijacltv and soclal Accomp'lshment which Vermont haa so eenerousiv contrtDuted to tne great west. Mr. Iioyce Is a dlstant relatlve cousin, per hapn of chief justice Royce of our state, whom he atriklogly resembles In look and volce. In the control ot a verv large proportlon of the great rallroad combloatlons of the West it Ia nMtcoabie tnat vermonters nom conspicuons places, and among them Mr. Royce justly takes hlgh rank. Journeylng at lelsure, for pnrposea of ob servatlon, another dav brought us to Dta Molnos. a dlstance oi 170 mlles farther. The route llnea through a much more undnlatlng pralrieand beara more ovldence of nenness than Illinoia, with the never endlng corn fielda rlstng and falllngln every direction like the wavea of old ocean. The monotonous gray of the landscape was frequently broken by immense nerds oi niacic noga, and weiearned tnat porK ralslng Is a rapidly growing lndustry of lowa. Dea Moines, wttb Ita exceptlonally pleasant lo catlon, lta twentj-five or thlrty thouaand ln habltanta, and three or four million dollar state house, ls one of the most charmiog cltles In all the West. Wblle a rallroad center and bnslness polnt of Increaalng Importance, the city ia nevertheless pervaded by an alr of com pleteness and qulet repose which nsually come only with age, and which give lt an envlable repuutlon tnrougnout tne enttre state. uere we met General Lewis A. Qrant and John Wy man, Esq., formerly a merchant ln Chelsea and St. Albans, who, aa well aa several other Ver monters, are held In hlgh esteem ln the bnsl ness and soclal clrcles ot tho clty. One hundred and flftv mllra more bring ua to the Mlssouri rtver at Councll BlufTs. The disappointment prodnced by onr first look at wnat we naa regarded irom boynood as one oi tbe most mn jstlc rivera of the world, could only be modlded by recalllng the fact tbat the river shrlnkB to lts narrowest channel dnring the dry season, but tbat lts clalm to majostic proportlona is fnlly vindlcated durlng the sea son ot tbe melttng snows in the regions above. Tbe broad and buldly defined bcd of the atream, though now largely a valley of sand. helps the Imaglnation to fill up the plcture when at lts beat. Leavlng Councll BluCfs, ot which we caught but a gllmpee, the train speeda acrosa a magnificent iron brldge tbat spana the snlft rolllng. muddy Mlssouri, and lands ua ln Omaha, our objectlve polnt. Our disappointment on vlewlng the Mlssouri river found a manlfold counterbalance aa we gazed upon the glgantlc young clty spread out on Ita western bank. Omaha waa founded in 1851. Up to that time it had been known slmply aa " Lone Tree Ferry." aa it was the great crossing place on the Missourl of the California gold seekers in 1840, 'GO and 'fil. To-day we fotind a hand somely bullt clty ot from forty-five to filty thousand Inbabitanta crownlng tne magnificent blufTs which less than thlrty years ago were an unknown land. Nlno rallways vlrtually center In tbe citv. The bridze which spans the Mlasourl at thia polnt, belonging to the Unlon l'HClnc, cost upwards oi a mtmnn ano a balf of dollars. Tbe city Is beantltnl for titua tion, as it alopes un from the river bank, with a ranee of lofcv blutfs sweeplnc around beblnd It Statlatics show the manufactures of the clty to exceed 820,000,000 a year the car shons of the Union l'nciflc alone coverine thlrty acrea of ground, employing nearly 2,000 hands, and turning out annually $3,000,000 of work. The pork-packing and meat-canning bnslness amounta to 82,000,000 a year. With two excentlons. lts emeltine works are clalmed to be the largest in the world, exceeding 80.000.000 annually The livestock trade ag- gregates nearly 80,000,000 a year, and lta wholesale and commlaslon trade to npwards ot of 515,000,000; and nrrangementa are nearly coiniuetea ror an lnoennite eniarcement oi tbe trnfflc ln Ure stock. Uer gchools are the pecial pride of the cttv. Tbe bigh echool building, coating 8250.000. stauda on lofty summlt In what ia rapidly coming to be tbe heart of the city, on the slte ot the old state capitoi oulldlng, and lta tall splre, reacn ing 300feet above tbe level of the river. can be seen for many miles ln every direction. ln ad dltlon there are five or slx band-tome public scbool buildings, an KpUcopal Beminary for young ladles, a Catbolic college, a business college, five public HbrarleH. twenty-elght cburcbes, an elegant opera house, several HiBt- cmss uoieta, a government oulldlng wnicu cost 350.000, three or four dallv panera und twice aa many wcekly; all of which certifiea to the intelligence ot the people and glvea assurance ot the future dcvulopment of the clty, The Improvementa durlng last year aggregated 82,241,000, and the rush of building Billl goes on. Kven at this late teaaon the work of grad lng and pavlng tbe atreets, laylng water und aewer nlnea. and the orection of nubllo nnd private buildings waa being prosecuted wltb unabated vlgor. Omaha evidmly believes ln hlKh licenae for llriuor-BelliDg. 880.000 being this year pald Into the treasury tor public lraprove meniH by her elghty licensed dealers, instead ot the paltry sum obtalned from her twoor three hundred veuders nnder tho old system, Aud we must contess, though not a believer in licenae at all for the lnfernal trafilc. elther hleh or low, that we lalled to see a slngle tlgn of lntoiication auring a buay tlirce duya so mrn ln the clty. Uere we found. as ln uverv west ern clty, a large sprlnkllngot eastern men, and notaiew irom vermont, piominent ln nual' neas and professlonal clrclea. Mr. Klmball one of tbe mansgers ot the vast Unlon I'acitlc romblnatlon, we iouud to be a pleasant gentle- man irom new ungiana; uon. joun M. l nurs' ton, one ot tho attorneya ot the same corpora tion. a son ot the late Danlol S. Tbutston, formerly of Montpelier, tbuuch stlll voudc in years, Btands In the very front rank of hia pro fesalon and of the public men of hia city andfctate; also Ware und Hyde Foeter, Mont pelier uoya, wortny sona oi wortuy pareutH, who are crediUbly iWWvx resnonslble uoaltlona ln one of tho laigeat tuonied tnatltutiona of the city; also rrauk a. (Juriler, pliotograpber, lormeriy oi moutponer; aiaoaftlr Krnneoy, a leadlng lawyer, brother ot Oeorge W. Ken nedy of Waterbury, and a Mr. Campbell trom Waftsflold. Laat. thou&h not leaat. we found a younger brother, who iias been n qulet but repeciuu renuem oi umaua ior iweivo ur tuur teen yeara Ami'nir the pleasant araualntancea formed I the We.t ot thoao wbo lialled from tbe Green Mountalna we cannot tall to mentlon unariea II. C&se, V.ta., of Chlcago, and bla oittlmabla wl(e. Mr. Ciuio U n aon o( the Rev Lyroati Case. CoDzrezatlonal clerevmm In Coventry filty yeara ago, and to wbote preachlng we llstened when a boy. After graduatlngin Ver mont Mr. Case drifted with the tldo to tho West, here, ns manager for the north west ern atates of the Koyal Insurance cnmpany of I.lverpool, he haa bullt up a very large and profitable busineaa, and Ia now erectlng a magnificent ten-story bloek, costlng over half a million dollars, to accommodate lta Increaalng buriness. Moreover, Mr. Case, truo to his New Englnnd prlnclplea and tralnlng, makea llberal nse of hls talenta and wcaltb ln all the great rellgioua and reformatory movementa ot the day. Mra. Case, also, who waa n dnughter ot the late Anatln Farnaworth of Bakersfield, elster of Jndgell, II. Farnswnrth of St. Albans, and graduate of the late Dr. Spauldlng'a achool durlng Ita palmy days at Bakersfield, Ia a true help-meot of her husband, and ylelda Intelll gent and belpful service ln the samo fielda ot rellglona and benevolent actlvlty, In Mlsalon ary and temperance work ber lnfluence la wldely felt. By such Inatrnmentalltlea aa these la the leaven of New England tbought and conviction made a saving powor In the great West. One thlng especlally Impresed ns through ont onr journey, The Western type of clvillz v tion la pecnllar. Strong, brawny men, brnrqno In manner, bold wlthnut being Impolite ln speech worklng men all, .rlch And poor meot yon everywhere. Whlle cherlsblng even a tendr loyalty to the memorioa and tradltlons of New England, whence so large a proportlon of them trace their orlgln, they Viava a rapidly Incroasing regard for the tltle H'eiferner, and their thonghts aro turned more and more to the rapidly developing power, both political and material, ot the land of thoir adoption. In comparl8on, New England la growing amaller year by year! j. r. Lamoille Countj Court. The December term of thia court convened on Tnesday of last week, Ilon. II. Henry Pow era, presldlng, afsiated by Jndges Renben A. Savageand Horace Walte. The bar of the connty were largely ln attendance, and other connties were represented. Among tho "for elgners " preaent were Hon. II R. Stuart, II. A. Burte, E-q., Hon. George A. Ballard and W. D. Stewarr, E-q., of Franklin connty: J. C. Burke, G. II. Simpson and Nelson Rand. Ka.. of Orleans county, The forenoon of the first dav was taken up with the untial formalltlea of an openlngday. The grand and petit jnrors were empaneled, and charged relatlve to their respectlve dutles, etc. The llat of the two bodles U aa follows: GrandJurvR D. Whittmnore. Belvidere: C. B Walte and A. B Waters, Cambrlge; Elbridge H. Stone, Eden; B F. Mnrse, Elmoro; Joseph M. FoasandL,. IS. bherwin (excused), Hyde Park; R. W. McFarland (excused) and f rank J. slnclalr. Joboaon: (J U UJdge, 11. n Kelsey and S. F. Small, Morristown; E. E. Ilola ITn.A 1U.A11la.a. anA M Q W...ha.. cused). Stowe; MofOi McFarland, Waterville; U. V. iuunr (rxcuspd) and i-ason Slavton (tal man). Wolcott: Rorwell Town (talifman). Morristown; Edwln U. Shattuck (tallsman), Waterville. Petit Juru.E. S. Hrown. Belvidere: W. II. Giiswold, 11. Manchester. C. N Melendy. I U. Melendy and Wm. Melendy, Cambridge; simon snattuck and K. U. warren, Men: i., P. Darlingand V. S. Slaytnn. Elmore; Jamea Crocker, 1". T. Denlo. Elmer A. fcmilley and A. V. Wlswell, Hyde l'ark; U:Is 1' llalcn, P. Coddlne. Euzene P. Grow and Lewis J. Smlih, Johnson: Frank Carner, G W, Clark, J, lluseanaN. a. Terrlil. Morristown: u. u. Fawnce, A. P, Holtues, S. A. Mansfield, Orin Moody and J. C. IUymond, Stowe; Lvman w. Adamaand Natuan W. I.oacn. waterville; u. J. Knignt, w. Al. i'arker and A. K. 1'nimpi wolcott. On the iurv calendar had been set elxteen cases for trlal by jury. In two of these Judge 'owers was oisauaiiued, nve were settied. and three only held on for trial. Finally, aa In tnese tne oeiendant waa tne same in eacn CAse, and the same questions were Involved, but one waa tried, wblcb waa L P. uutta vi. Uivld Casa. This waa the only civil case trled, and it, witn one atate case a uauor urosecuuon comprised the sum total ot jury work during the term. The grand iurv came Into conrt Wednesday mornlng and reported one true bill, which was against a "Castle Garden centleman who. It waa alleeed. had stolen wallet conUlnlne ulneteen dollars irom a man at Morrisville. The grand juiy then retlred again, ano were Dusuy engaged untll oionaay. wnen tnev reoorted. fllci't oi tneir present ments are Uauor cases. Tbe netlt lurora were all dischareed bv Saturdav and all but one panei on rriday tne one panei being engageo on the case of State vs Moaea Scott ot Johnson, tho llquor prosecutlon above referred to. Tho new docket contalns forty-elgbt law and elght cbancery cases. Of tbe former elght are dlvorce cases. twelve state cases and the bal ance civil actions. Among the last named Is one of Caldwell and Varnnm i-j. Bradiey Bar- low nnd Trustees. Ihe nlalntllla were sub contractors, building the road from Sheldon to franklin, and seek to recnver Ior work done thereon. The two cases tried, above referred to. are ln substanceB as follows li v. uutta vs. uavia uaa lliia waa an ac tion ln which the plalntlff sought to recover damages sustamed ov tne maiictoua nroaecu tion of a caae against bim, lnstituted br the defendant. Tbe evldence ot the plaln'ifT waa ln anbstance. about as follows: Capsaum moned Butta to apnear at an arbitratlon at Glover; when Butta hedtated to attend aa such witnes8. uaaa promiaeo to pay uutta expensea, Thia promlae waa not kept, and Butta brooght a sult to recover tbe same. 1ms last-samed suit was settled by Cass, wbo came to North Hyde Park, where the defendant llved, and pald about 820. Tbepartiea parted pleaaantly and a shoit time subseauent to tbat Cass aued uutta to recover an amount uo ciaimea to nave pald ln excesa of what Butta was legally en titled to. casa kept tne suit atong ano nan contlnued several terma, finally discontinnlng tbe sult. Butta had pald out about 830 ln at- torneva lees and for nla own time: tms u aought to recover, with exemplary damages irom tne defendant. ine deiendant ciaimed thathe had overpald Uutta, and that Butta promued to reiund wliatever waa overpaia Hence he aued Butta. The continuances tbe case at several terms he endeavored to ac connt for bv showine that tbe lustlce could not attend to tne sult at tne time uxeo ior hearing. Verdlct for plalntlff 837, damages and coata; exrcptlons by defendant. Brigham fi waternmnlor plaintiu; Joun u. uurae nna Nelson Hand Ior deiendant. SUte vs. Luciua Scott of Johnson waa a proa- ecution for selllng lger beer. The detense waa lnaanitv. State a Attorney Gleed for pros' ecutlon; Mcrarland ior responaent. North Thetford. Our. schoola commenced laat week. Mr. Howard from Dartmotith teachea across tbe river, Llllah Wllmot at Ely statlon. Alice Ilerrv In Norwlcn, and Allaauret Palmer In the home dlatiict ...The lecture at Lvmo bv Samuel Carev was a erand succeaa and called f orth bigh praiae. ...Why need wo endure tbe old when we can get a nicn new organ for a small sum, and one that will give uaexceuent muaicr L.et us, nue our ncignooia, have soclables, chuicb festtvals, etc. It would not tako long to raiae the money, , . ,1. P. Ilolt killed a hog thia week wbich is eatimated to welgh 000 pounda; not very small Aunt Sally will make her home with Mra. Cnshman this winter. .. .The grlst-mllt runs nlght and day almoat all tbe time, and now another ad dltlon is being made to the saw-mlll,. .Green leavea and butteiflloj were feeu only laat week by your correapondent .. .Mra. Mary Silver has gone to Orford, N. II., to spend ihe winter with her son... ,Mr. Steven Robinson's house ls filled wltb wood cboppera from Whltefield, who are ckorplng wood for Mr. Nuttlng. . . , Herbert Barnes made a flylng vislt home last week, stopplng only over ulght. East rtetlit'l. A wlld deer was seen by sev eral ot our villagers, Monday monlng, In Frank Wiight'a inowlng with hls cattle, feedlng quletly untll frlghtened away by the scbool cblldren. He took to the wooda In Mendal Wood's paature....VIUim P Sraltli haa re turued from Boston..,.Franceae Pember of Rochester Is nttendlng scbool her.... Mra. Din Abbott Is in Royalton sewlng for Mra. Chllaom....Mrs. Ma-y Benedlct has gono to see her mother in Wnllametown, who is very sIck,.,.The ladlea' aid soclaty meet at Mrs. Herbert Smlth'a this (Vedne.day) afternoon and evenlng..., Jeasle Suiltli has gone to Boa ton tospend the winter with her uucle, Albert Srulth Mrs. Emma Roberts Is very low with conaumption, FmiNiTUitK. Palue Iiub ln stock the largest varlety ot ctiamber aud parlor sultea, lounges, eaay chalra, book-caaea to be found Iu any one place In Ameilca. We cannot peak too hlgbly ot tlili Immetire stock ot nlce f urniture to be had at very reatonublo prlces. Tlila eatAbltah ment picks and dollvers goodaveiy promptly, givlng their tustomora the beat salisfactlon. Call ut 48 Canal stteet, when yougo to Boston, and aee for youraelvea. Montpelier. Tns "Montpelier honse" Is the nm irlven to tho Blshup botel by Meesrs. Irlsh and 8pr row. TnnnK Ia to be a Chrlstmaa tralse aervlca at Bethany chorcb, Sunday evenlng, Decem ber 23. TiiRentertalnment elven at the veatrv ot the Unltarlan church last Wodneaday evenlng netted about 848. AnoOT twentv BaaA Rlr Rnlirhtii from thia place nttendfd the annnal eloctlonof odlcera at Hortlifield last week, CnAlT.AIK MoRahr lrrtttrM nn "Thn Ttrlvlit slde of llfe In Llbby Prlson" at Trinlty church thia evenlng at elght o'clock. CnrtiaT Cntmon Sundayichool will meet at tliohoufo ot the rector on Satnrday, at four uiuiB, i-. n,, iu iirauuce oaroia. Thb chlldren connwtel with thn iTnltArl.n Snnday-school are to elve an nnprRtia In mn- nectlon with their Cbristmaa sociable. At the next meetlnr of nrookmnst. n. A. R . December 18. occurs the plertlnn nf nfllMtN. and every cemrade la expected to be preaent. Tnn annnal meotlng of the National Llfe In anrance Ompany, for the election of i fllcers, wm un iieiu Bt uion uuice on monaay janoary lOOt. Thb vonnger acholara of tbe Methodlst Rnn. day-school had a soclal gatberlng at the honse of Mr. II. C. Webeter yesterday afternoon and evenlng. Tiie mlsslon band of the Bantlat church will hold adime temperance concert and fair Wed nesday evenlng, December 19, to which the public are lnvlted. Tns sociable uf the Unltarlan eocietv trlven by Mr. and Mra. Aaron Bancroft occnra at the Pavllion tbi evening. Muaic will be f urmshed by Gilson St Cushman'a orcbestra. Tiik cholr of tbe Church of St Aucnatlne are prepArlng an elaborate programme of mnslo to be used at tbelr aervlces Chrlatmas ove. Mr. II. II. Scrlbner will preaido at the organ on that occaslon. Tiik Central Vermont rallroad will run a special poultry train on Wedneedvy, December iu. antppera irom tma place anould have their poultry loaded before eleven o'clock in the orenoon oi tnat day. Tiik fair to bo elven bv the ladles of Bethanr soclety holds through tomorrow afternoon and evening. It In dosired that thoae havlng artl cles Ui contrlbute should aend them to the ladles' chapel thia forenoon. A btatkd convocation of Klnsr Solomon Koyal Arch Chapter, No. 7, will be held at Masonic hall on Thnrsday evening, Dicmbor 13th. at half-past seven o'clock. Recnlar Coun cll meetlng at aeven o'clock. Enoimk Company No. 5 has re-electd theold odlcera with tbe exceptlon of L. S. Goodwln, who declined re-electlon. J. J. Tonng waa chosen to fill hia poaitlon. The company ro porta a proaperous state of affairs. Tiik winter term nf tbe Vermont Methodlst Seminary opens with good prospecta. Tho registerlng began at nine o'clock yrsterday mornlng, nnd the prospecta are that there will be one hundred and fifty atudents. R. II. Anofix, for some time nast conneeted with his brother'a tallorlnc establishment. bas purchaBfd a vacant lot on Main street west of J. Lase's harneas shop, and la erectlng a small building which he will uae as an office. Mr. Angell ls to enter the retail wood and lum ber busineaa. John IIill, who has for a long time drlven the mllk cart for C. T. Sabic, bas taken cbarge ot the farm owned bv H. W. Heaton on the Middlesex road. Mr. IIII1 haa " rnn " the mllk cait three years, misalng only a single day In tbat time, tbat one being at the time of the death of hls cbild. Tiik Sabln Machine Comnanv haa been ln- corporated with a capital of 812 000. Tbe ob jectof the company Inclndea varlona klnds of manuiacturing, out more espectatiy tnat oi brass, Iron and steel springs. The aubpcrlbera to the artlcles are George Cooke, Charlea T. Sabln and Jamea l. sabln. Miciiahl Sweet. a well-known resident. dled on Satnrdny laat from a stroke of paralysls re ceived on tho Thursday previona. He waa slxty-alx yeara of age and waa the fonnder of the St. Jean Baptlste soclety. He waa for a time resident of Burlington and the fonnder of the St. Joseph soclety of that place. The funeral servlces occurred yesterday mornlne at half-past nlne o'clock and wereattended by the St. Jean Baptlste soclety, of which he waa sec retary. Aoain the famllv ot Mr. J. W. Brock haa to mourn the losa ot a dear and beautlfnl chlld. Freddie. the vonneest aon. a brieht little lellow about three yeara ot ago, dled last Tbursday nlgnt, alter an uinesa oi a lew aaya. mr. Brock waa himself confined to hls bed at the time, and Wtllle was the only oneof the imme diate famlly who followed hls little brrther's remalna to their resting place. Rev. Mr. Hlncks officlated at the funeral servlces and brotbera of Mra. Brock acted aa bearers. The many warm friends of tbe famlly sympathlze deeply wltb them in their afillctlon. On Saturday last, whlle Albert Lamory, a well-known day laborer and resident of thia vlllace. waa trimmtng a tree in tbe yard of Judge S. S. Kelton on Elm street, be fell a dls tance or some tweniy-nve leet and oroke a hd. He lay untll Oughtney Shambo drove by when he bailed bim. waa aselsttd to Shambo' a team. and taken to bis home. The rib broken In the fall had penetrated a lung and caused a bleed ing which resulted ln Mr. Lamory'a death on Sundav afternoon. Mr. Lamory waa elxty elght years of age, and a hard-worklng man, and leavea a wlfe and a large famlly ot chlldren. Tiiiuik Is an aspect of the water qneation which haa not received much attention yet, and that ia the rent which would be pald by those who wonld put in water motora in place of engines. wherever a slx or elght horse power englne is now run, aa In tbe printlng offices, tbe bakery, eto , lt would be much cheaper to use a water motor and the change would doubtlees be made at once. Furthermore it might stlmulate such klnds of buiness as require amall power and cannot af ford to run an engine. We estimate that the income from theae several aources wonld be between 8500 and 81,000 per year. Cabounb M. Pitkin died at ber home yes terday forenoon at ton o'clock Sbo waa born ln East Montpelier ln 1827, and waa a elster of Dr. Wilbur F. Templeton of Glover, and Dra. Jamea M. and II. E. Templeton of thia place. In 1848 ahe was married to Gen. Perley P. Pit kin, who, together with her foureona, snrvives her, Sbe had a stroke of paralysls on Sun day forenoon between tbe hours ot nlno and ten, wlilch dlsabled tbe wholo of her right slde and lung. Sho remained ln a partlally consclous atate untll exactly ten o'clock yester day forenoon, when ahe paased away, The funeral servlces occur at tne house to-roorrow afternoon at two o'clock. The sbops of the Lane Manufacturing Company will be cloaed durlng tbe afternoon out ot reapect for the de ceased. Tiik Joaenh Proctor Combinatlon anpeared at Capital hall Frlday, Saturday and Monday evenlngs. presenting the plays ot Vl'glnius, Nlck-of-the-Woods, nnd Dtmon and I'ythias. The fact that MiasThuraby appoared on Thurs day evening somewhat unfavorably affected the number In attendance, but those preaent were highly plensed with tbe rendltion ot the plays. Joseph Proctor Is one of the very few acturs who bave been betore tbe public for balf a century and he ls still able to please a ciltlcal audience Miaa Annlo E Proctor won many golden oplnlons by her captivatlng waya and waa frequently applauded Tbe support was ln genernl very good. Under more favor able circumatances thia company would doubt less fill tbe hall whenever they might vislt this villago. TiiEitKlsto be a musical nnd llterary enter talnment at the hall ot the Unlon sclio d on Frlday afternoon at two o'clock, Ech of the several departments will bave some part In the programme, which will condst ot vocal and In strutuental rauslc, recitatlona, and gymuaatlc exerclsea for tho primary department. Tho muaical portion ot the programme is under the direct supervlalon of Mra. W. A. BrlgKH, who has carefully dillled the pupllt during the paat two weeks, and who will heraelf add to the enjoyment of the occaalon ty givlng one ortwo aolos. The entertalnment la gotten up In tbe Interest of the pcliool Ubrary, wblcb, whlle it is one of thebestot itaMze ln the state, Ia yet lacklng In sultable reading for tho younger membera ot the achool The admis slon charged will be ten centa, and tbo tickets will bo sold by the pupils, to whom prlzea are offerrd for tho largest number Bold. Tiik conceit flend sat right behlnd ua at Capital hall laat Thursday tlight. He was ac oumpanled by two ladles, ono of whom seemed to be ln fill! sympatby with bis purpose to dis tuib everybody in hls vlclnlty. We wlsk we knew hia uiino, as it would do us good to prlnt it ln full aud render tho reat ot hia mortal llfe wntched bv aendlng hlmarairked oony. In valn did indlgnant llatenera to right of them, lndlgnant llatenera to left ot them, eoowl on