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VERMONT WATCHMA.N & STATE JOURNAIi, WEDNESDAY, JDECEMBER 19, 1883.
2 JHQricnlhmtl T. II. IIOSKIN8, Newport. Vr., Kdltor. A Good Showlnjr. Thls has boen au oft year for applea most evorywhero, but here and there we hear of an orohardlst who keeps hla or ohard woll manurcd and has had a full orop and rcceived the big prioes that aro got only in off years. The following ia an inslanco happening to one in our own na tivo town, that is, U such a thing can bo sald t3 " happon " : Rtchatd Plalsted of Gtrdlner, Maine, will obtain this yoar of Bcarolty some eight or nine hundred barrela of applea from nino acres of or ohard. He givea hia treoa extra feed and oarefnl treatment. The treos are mostly Baldwina and are loaded with ftult. He manurea hia orchard liberally and mulchea hcavily. ringgcrg. A plogger i8 a person who, in aelling produoe, attempta to decoive tho buyer by introducing an inferior article, skilfully concealed by the better grades on top, whioh ia intended to be a fair sample of the whole. Grain sold by the car-load ia paased on inspeotors' certificates and it ia a common praotice to plug it and decoive the unwary or oareleaa inspeotor. An old inspeotor aaid tho "cutest trick"wasto fill aacks with poor wheat and set them on ond, month down, about the car; then fill in with good wheat to their top, draw ont the aaoka and add a liberal dreaaing, whioh girea all a good appearance. The inBpeotor might probe thoroughly with hia gange tube and misa the foul. In Troublo. The fertillzsr manufactnrera bave been in convention, and have come ont of it with an " organizition." They claim the business of manufaoturing fertilizera ia badly hampered withunjjstlaw8. Among their grierancea are tho " estimated val uea " of tho atate inspeotors, and they pro pose to have them aboliahcd. They claim inapectora have exceeded their righta in re porting their examinations in the form of commercial money values. How thia may be we do not know, but wo do know that theae eatimatea alwaya favor the makerrather tban the nser. But aa with all this the eatimates do not bring the valne np to the aelling price in one-half the cases, perhaps the makers are right in being mad about it. Progress by Dr. Lorlng. " The government commissioner of ag ricnlture is makiDg progress, though it ia slow. He haa ao perfected mattera that he can produoe sorghnm augar at a cost of a dollar a pound. The difference be tween thia and the six or eight centa a pound cost of common sugar ia the differ ence yet to be overcome. At the rate thua far, it ca be done within a few oentnriea." We cut the above from the New York Examintr. Ia, then, the very same atyle of alurring that Dr. Loring'a nnderstrappers and "organs" indnlged in towards Profe8sor Collier'a investiga tiona (ffhich havo been so triumphantly vindicated) now to be turned against Loring and hia new chemiat ? There are indeed, aa a pb.ilo3opb.er remarks, " many just jadgme'nta, the miniatera of which are very unjaat." Foultry Statistics. In the atate of New York, according to the last atate censos 1875 the value of the ponltry waa in ronnd numbera $.1 000, 000 ; value of poultry sold in 1875, $1 800, 000; value of egga Bold in 1875, $2 500, 000. New York city alone consumea over 20,000 car-loada of poultry yearly. The capacity of a f reight car is about ten tona ; to be within bounda, allow half that amount to a car-load Gve tons ; and we have a total of 100,000 tona which, at ten centa per pound, givea ua $20,000,000 aa the valuation of the poultry consumed every year in New York city. It also consumea over 300,000,000 of eges, the valne of the latter at average New York pricea being 98,000,000. The number of eggs pro duced yearly in the whole of the United States Is upward of 0.000 000,000, valued at $2-10,000 000. The valne of the poul try consumed in the United States ia esti mated at $300000,000 per year. The total of tho two itema is $540,000,000, rep resenting the value of tho poultry and egga consumed yearly by the people of the United States. Tcstlng Jersey Breeds. Orestea Fierce, in the Home Farm, saya that the American Jeraey cattle club has now taken oflbial notice of these records, and npon application send ita representa tives to those who have eows to test, place the report upon ita, records and become the guarantee of ita correctness. The writer is now aotlng in thia capacity, teating the cow Ilandsomo Myra for Mr. C. Welllngton, Eist Lxlngton, Maas. Thia cow i8 likely to reach a yield of twenty-one pounds. It may be intorest- ing to here note the methoda used. Eaoh milking is done in the presence of tho agent, who at the finish takea charge of tho milk, whioh never pasaes to other handa until made into butter and welghed ; all utenails are in hla charge and everything nnder seal. For aoioutiflc purposes and data all detaila of temper aturo are kept, llkowiso kind, quantity and quality of food ; the physlcal condi tion of the cow ia also noted. A report of all theae mattera in detail ia aworn to and forwarded to tha secretary of tho club by ita agent. Our Worklngmcn. - Tho Springfield llepublxcan is a many. headed conoern, and expressea quite op- poalto opiniona in ita edltorial columns, Conaistenoy ia not ita jewel, and it often sneora at workingmon and tholr lnteresta, but the following little extraot ahowa that Bome of ita writora ocoaaionally havo a sonse of tho roal issuea of tho timea: " The worklngraen of thia country are mainly honost, simplo and trustworthy tho groat body of the pooplo are as peace f ul as they aro cloar-headed, but the mil llonaires and their toadiea aro bliud. The rich men of tho country have got to awako from their oomplaeency. It ia not conaistent with tho idea of America that they should reval in their scores or even hundredsof nillllons white thouaanda are suffering in poverty. They wlll be obliged to ahow that they work for their fellowa in order to justify their wealth. They have got to prove it by giving abundantly and by lowering their ostentatious rival riea. It i8 not neooasary to be a com n.unist in order to say that in this repub lio a nian must not be too rich and too selfish." All of whioh ia trne, bnt we havo been called "communiat" for a much milder utterance of Biblo truth and by minia ters, too. Tho Klchts of Railroads. We believe, with the late Jndge Black, that " a public highway cannot be private property, and a railroad laid out and built by the autbority of the atate for the pnrpose of commerce ia aa much a pub lic highway aa a tnrnpike road, canal or navigable rivor. It ia the duty of the Btate to promote intorcourae and trade by constrncting highways of the best kind. To this end, she may take land and mate riala which ia an exercise of eminent do main. She can build a railroad at her own expeose, using tho direct agency of her officors, and after it is built she can make it free to all comera, or reim burae the cost by a apecial tax on thoao using it, or she may delegate the tak ing and taxing powera to a corpora tion or a person, aa ahe alwaya doea when ahe granta a railroad charter. In either case tbo road belonga to the atate, and all the people have a right to nse it as common property by the pay ment of a proper tax. The corporations are merely the agenta for the atate for the performance of a publio duty. If the company may cbarge what it pleases, then the road ianot a publio highway; the pub lio haa no right in it at all. The rail roada being public property in which all the publio have equal rights, it ia absurd to say that the atate has no right to regu- late and control them, in the performance of their funcliona, by auch lawa aa will prevent partiality, plnnder and extortion. Thia is a power of which no free atate can disarm itaelf by any acta of ita legiala tive, judicial or executive ofBcera." These are the opiniona of one of the best consti tutional lawyers in the United Sates. Addison County Iloncy. A prominent bee-keeper of Middlebury, who does not want his name published lest he should be " over-ran with letters of inquiry," writea : " I was aurprised at statement in thia week'a Watcuman that Aroostook county (Maine) produced more honey than any other county in New Eugland. Ab you did not give any Cgurea, am not prepared to contradict you, but I had snpposed Addiaon county (Vermont) tobe ahead in the production cf white comb honey. Certainly it is ahead in the neat- neaa with which it ia put np and ita atylea of packagea, which are not excelled either in thia country or Europe. Will you tell ua in Tiie Watchman how many pounds of comb honey Aroostook county haa pro duced ? I cannot give exact figures, aa some bee-keepera are sensitive, and do not like to tell ; but I believe from what I do know that the crop in thia county will not fall much below one hundred thonsand pounds of comb honey, more than half of which haa been produced by two bee- keepera. Haa Aroostook county done better tlian thia ? or have you boen bo busy chaaing Dr. Loring with a sharp stick, or a sharper pen, that you have over- looked Addison county bee-keepors, who are too busy to blow their own trumpeta ? The past season haa been unusually good throughont the country and the produc tion of honey unusually large, yet the do maud is good at paying pricea. One of my apiariea, located in Bridport (which, by the way, you may remember visiting a few years ago), consistingof one hundred and thirty hives, will give mo thh year one hundred pounds to the hive of comb honey, or nearly all comb honey, beside considerable increase. The honey in this county is nearly all put up in one and two pound aections, which are manufao- tured here and are the finest produced in tho country, and are ehipped from this county to all parts of tho United States and acrosa the Atlantic. I would like to tell you all about thia business, and how it haa come about from emall beginninga only a few years ago, and will doubtless treble in a few yeara more, but have nei ther time or strength to do so." Note iiy tiie AaiucuLTUitAL Editor. We are glad to get onr friend'a letter, but very aorry that hia timo and strength will not allow hlm to communioato to our roaders the lnterosttng origin and progress of the Addison county bee in dustry. In regard to Aroostook being the banner honey county of New Eagland, the statement waa made upon the (so far aa wo know) nndiaputed authority of the agricultural papera of Maine, and their correapondenta. We ahall send this paper to Mr. Gerrard of Aroostook county, hop ing that he will kindly furnish the statis tics of honey produotlon in Aroostook for the beneilt of onr readers, aud of bee keepera generally. Our Middlebury friend adda to his letter the following notice " The Champlain Valtey Bee keepers' Aa soolatlon (formerly known as the Addison County Bee-keepera' Aaaociatloo), will hold ita annual meeting at tho Addison houso, Middlebury, Vt., tho second Tliura day in January, 1881. All beo-keepera aro invited. J. E. Crane is presidenl. Our secretary, T. O. Brookins, haa died alnco our lasl meeting." ImproTOincnt In Common CntIc The Breeder's Gatetle saya there haa been a marked degree of improvement in tho quality of the ao called sorub, or com mon atook of the country, withiu the paal fewyeara, and that every farmer ia richer to-day because of the influetices of blood derived from tho imported breods. Grades," he saya, "and the grades of grades, to the tenth geueration little drops of good blood, diluted over and ovor again, but never lost havo been mastng their influence felt, ramifving and reach ing through thousands of dividlng and in terlaolng channel?, the great body of na tive llve stock, and lifting the whole to a higher plane. The process has been alow, and the reaulta meagre, compared to what would bave been the caae had advantage boen everywhere taken of pure-bred ani mals for breeding purposes, but nevertho less, the advance haa been a most gratify ing one, and ita advantagea are apparent whenever a pure oroaa ia now made upon the native stock. xho loundatlon naa been improved, and, when given a chance, the fraction of good blood back aaserts itaelf with remarkable vigor and cer- tainty. Tho cradea are better. and ap- roach nearer the perfect atahdard, because of this under-current of good blood which ia widening and deepening everywhere." All that the Gazette saya in tho above extraot ia true, but it ia very 8urprising that ita editor should ignore the main factor in the improvement of American farm stock completely, aa he here doea. While oroaaing with the choice represent- ativea of imported breeda has done much to improve our common stock, the chief galn in that direction ia due, without any doubt, to the great advance made during the paat twenty-five years in the care, feedi ing and selection of our farm animals. Without these, the foreign breeds cannot be kept np. The farmers who had them soon lound this ont, and it did not take tho intelligent American farmer long to reason that if theae breeds were produced (aa they certainly were) by careful feed- ing, handling, and aelection of the com mon cattle of Europo (from which our own "native" Btock had their origin), then our common cattle could be im proved in tho same way. Ile did not neg lect the immediate gain to be got by rossing the imported stock npon his own, bnt aa he had to keep both thoronghbreda and gradea better than he formerly kept hia cattle in order to derive the full bene fit of the cross, he extended thia improved treatment to his common stock. Having also the foreign atandards of excellence before his eyes he made hia aeleotions among hia young atook to correepond, and the whole reaull is aeen, not in the grades only, but in our uncrossed natives. Blunderlnf? Jonrnallsm. We have laughed a little, ocoaaionally, at the absurditiea printed in the Boston Cultivalor under the head of "Fopular Soience." It wonld seem impossible that so many errors could be collected together in ao small a space, week after week Still, perhaps an agricultural journal (even though it claims the first place) ought not te be expected to be posted in all departmenta of wide-extending Bci ence. If it keeps reaaonably clear of er- ror in ita own apecialty it doea well. Bnt the Cultivator doea not. Witneaa the two following items from a recent iasue, ti der the "Horticultural" head: " The word vippin, now ao largely uaed in the namea ol certatn varietiea ot ap plea, aa Newtown pippln, etc., ia an Uld Eaglish word meaning Bimply a tartor acid apple. The application of the word to the namiuR of fruit is unmeaning, The same is true of codling, aa in Keawick codung, qtc. Codling meant in bhakea peare'a time a sour or immature apple. This denvation of tho word explains the meaning and origia of the term codling moth." "Several varietiea of hardy Canadian applea are becoming popular along our northern boundaries. Amontr the most deaerviug seem to stand the Wealthy, Ed gar Ited Streak and Farmeuse Suoree." An apple "pip" isan apple seed. From this comea "pippin," which originally meant aimply a aeedllng. But aa only choice seedlings were preserved and prop- agated, " pippin " came in time to mean an excellent or choice seedling, It has been in the course of timo applied to so many varietiea that the term haa now no definite meaning at all. " Codling," or " codlin," meana simply a sour cooking ap ple, as distingnished from a dessert apple. The second item is still worse. Tho Wealthy is of Minnosota origin, the Ed- gar Red Streak is of Illlnois origin, and the Fameuse (not " Farmeuse ") Sucree, though a fiue apple, haa never yet been propagated for aale, and the only bearing treea in exiatence are the orlginal half dczen in Mr. Pcudbommo'a orohard near Montreal. Wa bave nine young treea of thia variety from soiona we took two yeara ago from one of Mr. Frudhomme's treea, and theae nine are all the genuine treea of thia variety in the United Statea. By a mistake a lotof soiona of the old Fameuse were diatributed, aome "flve yeara ago, aa Famouae Sucree. A New Dalry Process. nardly haa the centrifugal creamer be come known amongst us before anotber plan appeara, of Yanko.) origin, which promiaea to aupplant it. This is the " vaouum process," invented by E. 11. Pow- etl, and now in praotical and successful operation in Chittenden county. The Ntvs England Farmer aays of this new metbod : " The new 4 vaouum ' system. as it ia called, aitna to utlliza every ounce of the loou mateiiai containou ln the tnllK, and from recent reporta received from the company there eeoina to be much ground for hoping that the hlghest antictpatlons wlll berealized. A sample of skimoheeso recently received from the factorv was tested by a dealer who, knowiog nothing oi iu ongm or uisiory, prononj; fino a nualitv of cheoso aa he would neod to buy to sult the avoratro tasto of his cus- tomera, and of ten retail customerB who 8arcpled it, sevon pronounced it good, two perieot, and one poor, which ia getting aa many credita aa any Bample would bo likely to, teated bv ten cnatomera of aver- ago tastes. Not clatmincr to be oxnert in judgiog of the quality of chcese, we ex pressea to Mr. li. w. Whitney, aaucceas ful butter and cheoso-mnker, a deairo that he should visit tho faotory and examino' the gooda made, and tho process of manu- lacturp, and send ua a report of his ira- pressiona. I he following letter waa writ ten by Mr. Whitney, under dato of October nt: iiAving spont a day in visiting tho factorv at Colcheater (Vermont), and wit- nessing the manufacturo of butter and cheeso by the new vaouum aystem in vented by Mr. E. It. Powell, I waa much aurprised at the result. Tho first lot of milk mado up weighod iifteon hundrod pounds, and made seventy-seven pounda of bntter, which, allowing me to bo a judge, was gilt odge, making a trifla over uve pounds to the one hundred pounda of milk a large yield. The buttermilk, after being subjected to a hlgh tempera ture, was put into the milk, which was mado into cheese. The cheese on hand conslated of a little more than one month's make, and boring several, I am oompelled to believe them a good marketable article. Ihe pnmpinirontoi the air over the milk, tho inventor claimed, was the cauaeof tbo large yield of butter, and that by reliev ing the preaaureof air, all thosmaft butter globules would riae, when they woniQ not if the air preaaure waa left on. The milk when put into the tank waa heated to one hundred and five degreea to free it from impuritiea, and then cooled with ice wa- ter, remaining in the tank about twenty- tour noura beiore being manuiactured. By aubiectine the milk to this heat and vaouum system, it is found, that after re- moving all tbo bntter globules, there still remains a sufficient substance of a fatty natnre in the milk to produoe a good qual ity ot cheese, u n can do taken up ln the curd, and it seema to be a fact that by this system, such is the caae. The manu- facturer claimed to make fourteen pounda of butter and , cheese from one hundred pounda of milk. The cowa f urnishing the milk to this faotory are common cows that have lived on pasturing alone. But the most surpriaing part of all remaina to be told. I was ahown a can of augar, of about two and one-half pounds, aaid to be the result of bolling down fifty pounds of thia skim-cheese whey. By this system the fatty matter, wbich has always been so troublesome in tho manufacturo of milk sugar, by evaporation is removed from the milk. This alone is sufficient to give the heat and vacunm system the lead of all othera in the market.' Since the above waa written we learn that a aimilar faotory haa been atarted in Mr. Whitney's town, where the milk ot irotn one hun dred and fifty to two hundred cowa will be worked up by the new process the com ing winter." An Agricultural Collegc. We take the following from the report of the Michigan Agricultural College to the National Grange: "Everything is taught in the Eaglish language. Neither Greek, nor Hebrew, nor L&tin, nor Frencb, nor Uerman. atudenta from our own Btate, as well as from all the reat of the world, attend free of charge for tuition Board ia paid for at coat by the atudenta All of them are required to labor on the farm, in the garden, gree'nhouae or some where else, at least three honra each day for five daya in a week. For thia work they are paid by the atate at the rate of eight centa per hour. The experience of these twenty years haa seemed to deinon atrate the fact that this labor quickens themental energies. And the atudenta that pasa out from thia college do ao with a loyalty to, and a reapect for, labor and the laborer. They start out with more of a set pnrpose to do Bomething to make a living, and are not so inuch imbued with the idea that the world owea them a living because of their education. The com mencement orationa are filted with aenti- menta of reapect for the produotive in dustriea of the country. The aohool year is of nine montha duration. The long vacation occura in the winter. Ibis af fords the students anopportunity to teach and secure lunda to aid ln detraying ex penaea. The preaident and the profeasora are required by the board of agriculture to hold at least six farmers' institutes each vear. Of course this is done during the winter vacations. The whole number nf students in attendance during the year 1882 was two hundred and aixteen. The average for ten yeara haa been very nearly two hundred. A large number of these never complete the course. bome of them come in aa apeciara to study some specifio subject. Of the two hundred and seventy-two graduatea one hundred and three are farmers, sixty othera aro en gaged in varioua induatrial pursuita ; one hundred and nine are in tho proiesaiona or engaged in commercial pursuits. Of course all of tho graduatea are compara- tively young men.' Wiikat in New HAMrauinK. Harlan Flint of Ilanover raiaed thia year eighty busbeia ot wheat on uve acrea ot ground, and Uel Spencer of the same town two hundred and six bushels from four and half acres, while tbe town farm crop aver aged forty-tbree bushels per acre. That raised by Mr. Flint was winter wheat, and Spencer a, White Huasian. A Mereditu correspondent of tbe Laconia Democrat aavs that eight farms adioinlnc each other. in that town, have produced this year five hundred and twenty-lour bushels ot wheat. Ueports from all sectiona of the atate ahow that a great yield of wheat has been ao- cured wberever the orop haa been sown. " On the whole, we can't aee how Pro fessor Collier could have had a much more completo vindication and viotory, or Dr. Loring a more aignal defeat, and we Bhall wait with some ourioaity to aee whether congreas will take any hand in the flght for the depoaed chemiat, whoao zeal and fidelity in thia work gaiued his disuilssal from his position aa chemiat of the department of agrioulturo, at the handa of ita head, the polltico-agricul-tural orator of the faira and head and front of tho great New Eagland Agricul tural Soolety, Dr. Loring." Mr. Tinkkam, in Freeman, Wiiilk the " Jok at all trades " idea is not to be enconragod on tbe farm, it yet remains true tbat a certain amount of meohanioal akill, whioh can be made availnble in timea of emergenoy, is a very desirable acquisltion to the farmer. Many a little bre&tc in maohinery or implement oau bo repaired in leas timo than would bo ooDsumed in golng to a mootianio to get the j3b douc, and efleotlng a eavlug in time us well as tho payment of tbo la bor of the meohauio. Hoth learniug aud ncrioulture ought to bo eucouraged by covf anu nistiv PARSONS1 And wlll comiilclcly chnnRe tho blnoil In tho cntlro syslom ln thrno month. Any pcrnon who wlll tnko 1 I'lll each nlRht from 1 to 13 wcxjkn, may Ira rostored to Miuiul hoalth, tr Rnch a UiIiirIio posnlblo. For Fomaln Comilnlnt thogo I'llU Iihto no eqaal. rhyslrlana uo tlicm for tho curo of MVHll and KIDNUY dlncnecn. Sold ovorywhoro, orBcnt by mall for S5o. ln stampn. Circiilnrs froo. I. s, JOHNSON & CO .lloston, mm. DIPHTHFRIA JOHNSON'S ANODYNE LINIKIENT CUItES Intlucnja, Blrrdlnir at the I.nnm IIoar nfsj, lUrklnu Coush, Whnor-lnt t'cmtih, chmtilc IMarrlioca. Ijfntrry. tliolera Morliui, Kldnejr 'Ironbla, oad Dlacases of the Splue. Sold cvcrjwlii-rc. Clrculnra frcc. I 8. JOHNSON A CO., Itoaton, Mui, It is a wcll-knnwn fnrt that rnont of tho Ilorao nnd Cattle I'nwilrr snl.l In thia coun try Ia worthlcaa; that Shcrldan'a Condltlon I'owdrh abaoltitch purcnndvcrvvaluable. Notlilnc on I'.nrth wlll mnkn hons Iny Ukn Shrrlilan'K Condltlon I'ow dor. boae. onn teaanonnful to each nlntof food. II wlll alo p'nltlvelv nrcvcnt nnd cnro I llneCholpra.&c. CHICKEN CHOLERAjIrS8.TMo SOLD UY C. ULAKKt.Br, MONTlMtLIKlt, VT. Tor Pall and I have now in stock everything lor Men's, ISoys' Ladies' and Misses7 wear, which I am Selling Low for Casli Among my atook -will be fouad Rubber Boots, Kip Boots, Calf Boots, Overahoes, Rubbers, Slippere, in faot everything in this line. in all qualities, aizes and pricedl I alBO keep conatantly on hand The Celebrated Thia Boot ia aold by no other dealer in Montpelier. A few of ita pointa of excellence are: Soft and pliable uppera that do not stretch, a comfortable boot that holda its ahapn till yrorn out, keeps ita coior ana gainB a gioas in wear. II. 4. CLEVELMD, Union Block, State Si, IIY CHRISTMAS Tfl ALL L. p. a i S0 & 0. Offer Fresli Novelties received this week, in addition to our usual great variety of Fancy and Useful Articles adapted to the Holiday Trade, and at prices that will enable everybody's Mother, Daughter, Sister, Cousin and Aunt to have an acceptable Christmas Present. Anything from a Handkerchief or Collar to a nice Worsted, Velvet or Silk Dress, or elegant New Cloak. Prices reduced on very many goods owing to the proximity of the Montpelier, Dec. 12. A Grand Announcement FOR ( IIKISHI VS! I havo just purchased and am now opening tho finest and best line of Goods, suitable for Presents, and will sell them at lower prices than ever before. China and "Wax Dolls, China Cups and Saucers, Bohemian Glass Yases, Toilet Sets, Cologne Bottles, and almost everything in the line of China. Also Tin Toys, Games, Blocks, and a big line of Majolica .Ware. Doh't fail to call and seo the va riety and learn prices. I Goods, Silk Handkerchiefs, "Worsted Jackets, Lcggings, &c. II. O. WEBSTER, State Street, Montpelier, Yt. Cooley Manufachring Company WATERBURY, VERMONT, 53r" ifanufacturers and rroprirtora of Ihe Cklkiiuatkd Coor.vv Sand Box Axlb, a complete bar to the acccst of sand, dirt or mud to the journal. Sknu you Dksobit- T1VK ClKCUUUt. CHILLBD IRON SLED SHOBS! A. 3S3"ew Invention. THE THING LONG DESIRED BY FARMERS AND TEAM 0WNERSI Thts runner Ia as durable as nteel. Tbe eldea are as liard as temjiered ateel, bat the center Is noft enough to be easlly drllled. The edges wlll thus wear nerfeclly wuaro. checklne the tendency ot sleds to iilue. They oan be made of any lia and of any delred curve. Farmers and users of llght or heavy sleds for business purposes wlll flnd that these runners are of genulno merlt, supertor to ordlnary east tron ln all rcspects, and especlslly ln thlr greAter durablllty. ., , , . , , . .. fc3P Ohdkiis Souotki). In ordorlng, glye dlnienaloos, and send a drawlng of the curv- "f the runner. ..... . . . .. , , . CJT" Atl klnds of brati or iron CAstlngs f urnlshed to order and patterns made lt deslrod. Hp Arch fronts and flre grates always on hand. All klnds of Iron repalrs and custom mafchtne work a speclalty. BOOKS AND STATIONERY ! T. C. PBCIISIlSrBY, Bookseller and Statloner, wnuld respectlully 011 the attentlon of book.buyers to bls large and well-selectrd sto k of new aud de-ilrnble books of the season. I.irge buyers, Sundity-schoils and l'ubllo Ltbrarles, (urnlshed at apecial rates. cliooi IBools of all Kind ! Wrltlnc l'apers. Envelones, nnd School and Countlng Unnse Statlonery of every deecrlptlon. selllni: at lower urlces thn PICTURES. ENGRAV NG And an endli"! PURGATIVE PILLS ,0 N S 7 $? c Croup, Aathmn. ISronchltlx, NounU Cla, lllii'iinmtlnm. JMIINRON'H ANO 1 1 V M: 1 ,1 N I .M r, ST forlntrruatanit Y.rtrrvat Vir) wlll linlanlnnpmnlT rcllcvo ihrso ttrrtbta illioaneR, aud wlll poHliivfly cure nine aita nut of lcn. Informatlon tht wlll inve m&ni llvf s scnl free ty mall. Don t dcla a xaomtK. I'rcrcntion U better than curc. MAKE HENS LAY I cnro I llosCholpra.&c. SoldeTcrrwhere.nrnrnthrmnltrnr'Kb-.la Winter Trade! desirable in my line of gooda Dongola Boot! rnce, $o.uu per pair. - - - Montpelier, Vt. first of January. L. P. GLEASON & CO. also have a big stock of Dry erer before ollered lu thls market.