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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL,, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1883.
QrknUttrnh T. II. lloaitlNH, Newport. Vt.. Killtor. Tlio " 088108" In Education. It is mlghty bard to get our sohoolmas ters out of tlio old ruts. But they aro subjeot to tho law of eupply nnd demand, like all other commodities. As tho pooplo becoino nioro and moro inforraed in regard to tho fftots, thoy nre gotting to inaist that tho tlmo of thoir chlldron Bhall not bo wasted in tho study of thingn obsolote whea tho world is fall of new knowledge. And thore aro beginning to bo toachor.s who oatch tho idea, and, so far, are flt to teach in tho pooplo's schools. Tho Massa ohusotts Agricultural College has had a prcsident with a classical education, a prosident with vory little education of any kind, and has now apparently got, in Fresident Greenough, one who fenows a good deal without forgetting his own time. In a recent speech he says : "Tho act in accordanco with which tho college was established doeB not require that it should bo administered in the in tereat of on e claos of working-men. Yonng men havo been fitted for a great variety of employments at this college as at other collegea. Some of the graduates are cler gymen, some are lawyers, several aro phy- sicians, while the majority are employed in different departments of productive in dnstry. Some persons read the terin ' ag ricultural ' in the title, and inquire if all the graduates are f armors. If the quea tion is an honest one, it is an cvidence of pitiablo ignorance; if it is put with a sneer at the farmers, whose sonnd judg ment has largely guidod the public alfairs of this commonwealth, and whose steady toil has in large degree ministered to its material prosperity, thon the qnestion is nnworthy of a citizen or of a man ; if the qnestion is a Bneer at tho collego bocause it does not propose an extended conrse in the ancient classics, then it is an evidence of mieerable narrowneas. Is a yonng man who cannot, or for snfHcient reasons will not,pursue the study of thedead languages, to be deprived of a college course of study V That man is narrow-minded who regards the course of instruction proposed by a claasic college as the only conrse admisai ble, or who, having received an education by means of such a course, thinks there is no other way to intellectual respectability than the one over which he has traveled. I toiled too hard to galn the little I know of tbem, and 1 prize that little too highly to speak disparagingly of tbeui. But to aay that all liberal instruction must be run in one groove is not wise. Our varied in dustries at tho present time require men of large culturo to dlrect them, and while Latin and Greek may be of value to tho theologian or the lawyer, they can hardly be cousidered necesaary to the superiu tendeut of a factory, the managef of a railroad, the foreman on a farm, or him who toils in some department of the ap plied sciences. If it is claimed that the aiscipline from the study of these lan- fuages cannot be gained in any other way, must affinn that that claim is not yet proved. We havo not yet tested in our courses of study the disciplinary valuo of the study of the modern languages. It is not easy to estimate the value of the thought, the feeling and the eudeavor treasured for ns in our mother tongue. He who acquaints himself with the best literaturo of tho Englich people, takes hold of the imperishable thought of the race foremost in the progress of the world, and shares the best product of that race. Cbaucer is worth more to us than all tbe martial glamour of his sovereignB. If Spenser's sweet music had not reached us, if Bacon had not appeared as a teacher of his own and all subsequent tiinee, if Shakespeare had not given us bis almost superhuman revelation of human nature, if Milton had not swept from his lyre strains that can neverdie, the Elizabethan period, with all its great political events, would be but of secondary importance. The course in the study of Eng lish literature at the college shall at least do something to introduce the student to the study and the appreciation of the wealth treasured in our literature. Very mnch might be said of tbe valuo of a knowledge of French and German as a means of keeping abreast of the line of progress in sclence. The latest discoveries in science are often announced in these languages before they are described in English. Another advantage is the in troduction of tho student to tbe modes of thought of other nations. The German and the English language have largely a common source, hence a knowledge of German greatly aids the knowledge of English, while by the study of French, the student is led to some proper appre hension of the llomance element of the English language." All this is good sonnd common sense. The English race is bigger than tho Ito man, the French race is bigger than the Greek. Our collegians stupedly look up to tho ancients, and say we really never can know anything ezcept by epending years in studying their literature, just as though men are not men now, as inuch as of old. Those Greeks whom tho collegi ans worship learned all they know and de veloped their grand art, their refined philosophy and their feeble knowledge of nature without the ald of any other people. The Romans did the same, ex cept that some of their scbolars learned of the Greeks what many believed it would have been better for the Romans if they had not known. Greek literaturo was to the people of the ltalian peninsula a good deal what French literature is thought nowa-days to bo for the English race a source of corruption, moral and mental. While we have no objection to the teaching of modern languages, or even of Bome Latin aud Greek, if thoy could bo tanght upon a common sonso system, thero is really no difliaulty in any people attain ing the very highestculture with no other than their own language. As a matter of fact most of tho boys come out of our collegea without any adequate knowledge of their own lauguago or any other, They have divlded their time betwoen do many, and havo pureued them all upon euoli a ridiculous plan, that it is impossi ble it should be otherwise. The world ovor, people begin to learn their own lan guage byspoaking it, at first iraperfectly, and then better and better. Then they learn to read it, and then to writo it, and finally they study its grammar, thougli thoie aro good mastera of lauguago who know nothing of abstraot grammatloal rules. In our schools, by an inconcelva ble fatuity, they go at it in noarly tho op poalto ordcr, with correapondlng rosults. The lato Fresident Smlth of Dartmouth collego once acknowledged to ns, in a chat we had with him on tho carn, that very few of tho graduates of his college could write a Latin paragraph of ahundred words correctly, off hand, and that thoir practical profloionoy in Greek was even le8s. Tho wholo thing would be a solemn farce, wero it not a stupld fraud. Fresident Greenongh very justly refers to a complaint (mado, wo beliove, more often insldtously in behalf of, than by, the farmers) that all the graduates of ag ricultural collegea do not become farmers. Most of the boys who go through such colleges aro poor, and farming requires capital. But besides that there is no moro sense in demandir.g of the agricul tural colleges that they should turn out their graduates accompllshed farmers than that the other collegea should turn out men fully equipped to follow other lines of work. They must havo experience in tho application of what they havo learned, beforo they can be successful farmers, just as it is with the graduates of theological, medical and legal schools. A great deal of this classof criticismseems to bo made maliciously. Surely it is no now thing to find men at work ontside of the line of their early education. Tho manager of tho best cheese factory in Malne is a gradnato of Harvard, and tho samo may bo said of the leading seedgrower of Mas sachusetts. The intelligent farmers of the oountry would be only too glad if their miniatera, their lawyers, their doo tors and their merchants could have the benefit of a thorough course of training in an agricnltural college in addition to their other qualifications. A man can never know too much for any business, if it is good sound knowledge. Tlio Chninpaign Sngar Works. " Tho Champaign sugar works, Cham- paign, III., wero the first large sorghum sngar works ever started in the United atates. xney nave grouna tne cane tnis season raised on about one thousand acres of land, and the result is a perfect success in the way of making a first-class quality of sugar that polarizes ninety-seven de grees, and much sweeter than sugar made from cane or beet roots. For years experi ments have been made to find out some way to change sorghnm syrup into sugar. The attempt was unsucceasful up to last year, when the state of Illinois offered a bounty to any one who would succeed in granulating the syrup into sngar. Ex periments made at the state university of Illinois, in Champaign, by Frofessors weber and bcoville, succeeded in accom- plishing the result. A ready sale is fonnd for all tbe sugar and syrup made, and the success thero doubtless will canse sugar works to be erected all over the West, for sorghum cane will grow where corn can Iip raised, and where farmers can make 15 an acre in raising corn they can real- lze ijJU an acre in raising sorgbum cane to sell to these factories." We are surprised to find the above in the Brattleboro Phanix. Professor Col- lier's success in successfully producing both sorghum and corn-stalk sugar ante- dates the experiments at Champaign by several years, and the methods practiced thero were founded upon those of Profes sor Collier, though with some valuable modifications, especially that of running the cane through two consecutive sets of rollers, sprinkling it as it passes from one set to the other with a spray of hot water, thus obtaining considerably more of the sweetness of the cane. Professor Weber and Scoville used the time they were paid for and the means supplied by the people to the industrial university at Champaign, and then patented the improvements they devised. For this " sharp practice " they were removed from their positions, but at no pecuniary loss to themselves, appar ently, as they are making money in tho sngar business. Our Nntlonal Dnngcrs Tho greatest changes in national life that history tells of were iuvisible at the time. ihose who lived in the midst of them, those whose very negleots and fol lies were bringing them to pass, were wholly unconBcious of them. Look at that tremenduous change from the Romexif the republio to the Hoine of the empire. uome in us oost days was a free, self-governing commonwealth; and the old ltoman character was distin guished not only for its force, but for its reverence for law. How did that free, sturdy republio sink into the servlle crowd that cringed before Tiberius or Caligula ? It was, most of all, that they lot go in indolent neglect the duties of free citizens. They let tho public offices become tho prey ot Bcheming Ume-serV' ers. inormoua toriunes were amassed by single individuals and used remoree leasly to capturo the institutions of gov- ernment which wero stiu nominally free, So, little by little, all true freedom faded out and with it the old Koman law-abiding manhood, and uome was ever slnking lower in national life and yet no one knew it. When the old free institutions wero fading into lifeless forms through which despotism was Btealthily creeping ln : when Koman socli deuased at heart aa to be preparing to take its fashion from a Nero, all that men noticed waa that the city life was growing more rnaguiticent; the old bricK struotures were being replaced by splen did edilices of marble ; the attractious of luxury and pleaaure were drawing ever larger crowds Irom distant places; and busy citizens and luxurious patricians never noticed, in tho glory and glitter, that all power was boing more and more conceutrated in imperial bands, Nay. they even counted it gain that all weut on so Hnely without troublesome de- mands upon their time or service. lirooke Ilerford. Tcuant Farming in Illinois. Neal Dow, in hia letters to tho Port land Presi, thus Rpoaks of n feature of farming in coutral illinois : " I have been airuoic with tho poor look of the farm houaes and farm-buildiucs in this stato, The houses are saiall and nheap, seoiuing w nave ouiy iwo rooms, oiten ln bad con diuou aud the barns, if auv. are smnll I and poor. I could uot undoratand how it could be that upon tho most fortllo land in any country tho farmers could be so poor as their dwellings seomod to in dloate. They romlndod mo of tho farm housos and farm-buildings in Malno in tho old rum time, whori our peoplo used to spend in strong drink tho ontlro valuo of all our proporty in every porlod of leas than twenty years. I spoke of this to a gentleman who called upon mo, and sug gostod that it must come from whiskey, beer and tobacco. 'No,' ho said, tho farmors as a rulo, aro not a drlnkiog pooplo. They wero formerly a drunken lot, but wlthin a few years, thoy havo be come sober and industrions. They are 1 renters ' and not owners of their farms. Tho land is owned in large blooks by rich proprietors who will uot sell, but rent it for payment in kind, twelvo to fifteen bushels of corn for oach aore. Tho farm ors, tberefore, have no inducement to have good houses and bnrns, or to im prove the land. Thoir interest is to 'skln1' it, and to spend upon it as littlo money as possible. This is a very bad system for tho country, but not so bad for us as it is in England, where it is perpetuated. Hero theso great estates will be broken up and divided npon tho death of tho present proprietors, but it prevents the improvementof the country." It is almost folly to try to raise fine vegetables without a heavy application of manure, and tho gardener should use every senslble means to acoumulate it from every source. Stable manure, of course, is his main reliance, but is often held so high m some markets that it must bo haudled economically and applled iu- dlciously to make it profitable topurchase It. Uommorclal lertilizers are valuable, but by tbo time tbe purchased price and frelghtage is paid, it is doubtful whether they are profitable to purchase. Forest leaves, when well rotted, seem to be espe cially adapted to the gardener's wants. Two-thirds leaf mould to ono of stable manuro, composted together, kept moist and well covered, forked over occasion ally to make it fine and to regnlate the moisturo, will be found rich inplant food, and well adapted for any crop. To destroy woodcbucks, dip a rag in melted 8ui.pb.ur, hang it down tho hole by a small stick or stone so that it will burn readily, apply the match, and cover the hole as soon as possible witn a uat stone or something to keep the fumes in ; if tho chuck is at home he will never get ont. If you cannot get at their holes they require different treatment. Sprinkle paris green on such plants as they are fond of near where they have dono mis- chief. A better plan is, to give the poi son on Bomething they cannot get ei home, as cabbage, turmp leaves, bean or pea vines, the tender ends of pumpkinsjir squash vines, etc. It they eat it, they will be likely to do, it will prj be tueir last supper. Winteu dairying is on the ii everywhere in .New England. A in an exchange expresses his pre for it as a matter of profit, and sa find more profit in a cow that co fresh in the fall than from those th fresh in the spring. Not only does l re bring a better price, but I think the give more miltc m the year undi management, lor just when tn the time when they would nati to shrins largely in their milk Iresh pasture and lncrease th a cow that ia iresh in tbe s to shrink just at the season o: ture and the transition from feed, and a great falling off in milk is un avoidabie. WiiENF.VKn a bull becomes vicious he is sent to the sliamblea and a younger one subatituted. It is like chancing for a brief time only, for the younger one is Boon made to give place to another, and thus are farmers prohibited, by their own unwise methods, from using the more ma tured bulls instead of those not fully grown. A bull will always be cross at times, and to attempt to procure one that is gentle is a difucult undertaking. If a larmer has a hrst-class animal that he wishes to keep in service, all that is neces-, sary is to ring him properly and he will then be easuy manageable, but it is wrong , to destroy him unless no longer serviceabie. j Education in every branch of the arts and sciences, trades and profesaions, is valuable, only as it is pursued with the in tention of acquiring knowledge for tho actual benefits it coufers the advantage it gives its posaeaaor over those who have not secured it. The modern method of studying farming through the medium of books, and by the aid of profeaaora, so called is all well, provided the student has been a practical cnltivator of the soil, so that he can appreciate thesubject upon which his thoughts are engaged. And it may be of much service to the man who af terwards becomes, not in name only, but in fact, a farmer. In buying remember that low-priced plants are not always cheap. The labor and care necesaary to grow good stock, true to name, is expensive, and such plants will always cost more than those grown in the sbip-shod, hap-hazzard way common in many nurseries. Moreover, it requires skill, considerable time, and ex peuaive packing material, to pack plants properly for long journeys. Many an orchard fails of giving satis factory returns to its owner, because the trees have exbausted the fertilizing prop erties in the soil required for the produc. tion of f ruit, and aro barely getting enough from the soil to sustain life. They need feeding just as a cow needs feeding, in order to give satisfactory results at the pail or churn. Whilk the investigatious of scientists in regard to the value of ensilage aro un doubtedly an aid in doterminiug its real value, the final decision of the question as to the place it is entitled to occupy in Americau husbandry will be based on tho experieno of intelligent, practical farmors who have adopted the system. Pkofkssok J. W. Sanuoun, well known to our readers, now of the Missouri Ag ricultural College, claims that iie has proved through a long practice and many experiments, that corn-Iodder has a prac tical feeding value of two-thirds to threo quarters that of good bay. STnAvnF.uitY plants are fit for settlng only durlng the season in which they are formed, and early uext spring. If older than thh tbo roots become black, when it ia difiicult to make them live, aud thoy aro not likely at all to grow thrifty. Twkntykivk huudred dollars worth of gram requires ten cara to tuke it to market, while the same money iu butter is put into Imlf of one car. OnoiiAitDS aro profitable and oau bocar ried on with much less help than dairics. For lh Vermont Wtchman. TIIK ntOrilKTIO 111CA0ON. rAiirnRAstD ok tjii ohhj.ii. Brlffhltr the moon mi nhlnlns Inthcl-.r,c1tn lndln kj, And upon tha Oangdi' bonotn Danced IU lm(e nifullj. netlde the ftowlng tlrer A glsnt palm-lree itood, Turough whono btnnchw, oonyai, Llk a torlol-e ahell of wood, The moonbeamn acarceljr atmgslM To the cool, dam p gronnd tMlow, And tn beantf lajr npon It Llke great flakea of fallen inow, Tbere leaped from ont a thlcket, Llke Kto ln beautjr rare, As llRlUly ai the wlld gaielle, A Illniloo malden fair. Uerfacetobeauilful, so pure, 8o f rank and stlll so tne, That ker very lBinont thonghu Seemol to be shlnlng through. flwlftlj she gllded onward, Though the thoros her sandals tors, While a deer at her llght foot-fall Started sljly from the thore, Wherejui thlrst It had been quenchlsg In the Oanges' sacrtxl ware. A burnlng lamp she carrled Whose rllckerlng life to save Utr hand she placed aroaud IL Tbe rirer now she reachee And on lts rushlng ware Uer burnlng lampsheplaoes. Down, down the stotm 'tls floatlng, While the malden's Jet black ejes From behlnd thetr sllken laihwi Erer walch It wlstfullj; For sbould the beacon vanlsu Eer It floats berond her slght, Then her lorer, too, has perlshed On that brlght mtd-summer's nlght. Stlll 'Us bnrnlng, burnlng falnUy, Now It flashes up more brlgbt, While In the malden's luitrons tt There beams a Joyous llght I " He llyes, he llves, vaj lover Ilvei," She crlen and slnks ln prayer, While from the bllls there conies thli cry, As lf In aniwer to her pra;er, " lle Ures, llves, lover Uvm." Orion, Janoetr, Jf. It. Mrs. Honojwclss' I'erplexltj. " I want," said Airs. Iloneyweiss, " the opinion of this club on a qnestion that greatly troubles mo. The greatest desire of my heart is to see my children grow up noble Christian men and women. My life is bound up in them. And my husband is, I am sure, as much in earnest as I am. But wo pursue different ways ; and some- times 1 think ho is wrong ; and sometimes I think I am wrong; and sometimes I do not know but that we are both wronc, Iie gives all the time he can possibly spare outside his business to church work. He attends all the church meetings prayer meetings, sociables, teachers meetings, choir meetings; he is on the executive committeo of the louncr Men a Christian Association, and whenhe isn't ata church meeting he is at a cottage prayer-meeting, or a service in the hall, or with a district visitatton committee, or something 1 don't pretend to keep the run of them all Suodays we never pretend to see him. After an early breakfast he sits down to finish the study for his Bible-class, and then hurries off to Sunday-school. Of courso we are all at church together ; but after dinner he goes round to the Young Aien's uunsuan Association to their alter noon meeting ; and that and an inquirv meeting, which he always attends, keep him till tea time. Itiglit after tea he goes over to the chnrch to the young peo- ples prayer-meeting; and then to church; and by the time ho gets back from church the young children are in bed and asleep, and I am pretty well tired out in trvinc to .make Sunday pleaaant and profitable for them, and he is pretty well tired out with his miaaionary work. He never gets time on Sunday to study the Bible with the children, nor in the week time to look into their lessons and see how they are cetting along. And as to their camea, I kon't believe he knows anything about what they do out of scbool hours, or what they read in the eveninc:?. He never cets time to take themon his knee and talk to them of the Jesus for whom he is working so earnestly, or to go up with them at night and pray with tbem, as my dear fatber used to do with me. And I can't help asking myself sometimes whether theae children oi ours are not tbo ones first to be prayed with, first to be talked witb, first to bo labored with ; and tben, on the other hand, I sometimes i think that I have been driven into the other extrome of neclectlng church work, The pastor, here, wants me to take charge of the infant class. iie holds up before me my huaband as a pattern ot what an active (Jbristian ougbt to be. And J must confess I am very far from follow- ing his example. I am striving as well as 1 know how ' and here Mrs. Honey weiss' voice trembled a little, and J thought I conld detect a little dimness about her eyes " to live a Christian life in my own home, and to help my chil dren to live Christian lives. I spend the evenings with them at home, aud I cau't bear to go on and leavo them alone. don't even always go to the church prayer-meoting. I almost never go to tho wornen's prayer-meeting ; 1 can pray with my children, bnt 1 can t pray in public, I know I should break down if I tried. 1 study the Snnday-echool lesson with my children whtle Mr. Iloneyweiss is getting out his lesson for his Bible class. I Bhould have to give that up if I took the infant class. And if I worked with tho class for an hour, and then went to church for an hour and a half more, I don't believe I sbould bo very fresh to give my children a pleasant bunday atternoon, which l al ways try to do. And yet, as it is, I seem to be an utterly useless member of the church. I am just a pasaenger, nothing more. i want to do what ia rignc to tne church ; I want to satisfy my pastor ; and yet I can't neclect my own children ; and I wish somo one would tell mo what I ought to do." Mrs. iloneyweiss had begunin a tremb- ling, timid volco; but it naa grown stronger as she proceoded, and when she finished there was that kind of silenco which is more signlficant of attention and interest than any applause can ever ue, Then the deacou said : "He that provldeth not for his own familv is worse than an infidel." " But, deacon," said Mrs. Iloneyweiss, flushing, and speaking very quickly and earnoatly, " bo does provide ior his fam ily. I don't want you to think that I find fault with him. I have no doubt be U rigbt. I don't see how the church and the Sunday-school and tho Young Men'a Chriatiau Association could got along without him. And he's a good husband and a good iather. Oh I I hopo I haven't done him that injustice." " Not at all, madam," said tho deacon ; " I am siiro you havo uot. Wo all know aud houor Mr. llout-ytvciss, aud ou couldu't do him nu injustico if you tried. The fault is ours, not hia. Hu is williug to work, nnd we are williug that he should, It is tho mislorluue of n man who posscssM tho rare utulities of jour husband that everybody calls on him, aud he is too good-uatured or too coiitcion tioua to refuse; aud so, geuerally before he knows it, he is drawn away from hia family to work that is a great deal less sacred and loss lmportant. But the test applies, nevertholess. For a wlfe and motnor is moro tnan a nousoKoepor ; and a husband and fatlior is moro than a steward ; and they don't provide for their own family nnless they givo tbem time, and lovo, aud tnougnt, anu personal care. I don't havo a bit ot troublo with yonr problem. Tho homo is a great deal moro sacred than the churoh ; and you'd better stay at home and take care ot your own infant class." " I wish you would pnt that sentiment on a postal card, and send it to ono woman 1 know of, said Mr. Ueer. "I was ont at tho Valley school last week, and Mrs. Beat was packing up .Joshua Paling's things to send him home. Ho is not very strong, poor fellowl And he has been having chills, and the dootor is afraid of malarial fever; so Mrs. Best was coinc to send him home. He was beccinc like a good fellow to stay. I don't want to go home,' ho said; 'I don't believe I'm going to be sick, and if I am, I'd rather be slck horol' At that you may believe I pricked up my ears. ' Why. my poor bov.' eaid Mrs. Best, 'you'll bo a creat deal moro comfortablo at home.' ' No, I eha'nt,' pleaded the boy; 'thero'a only pa and grandpa at home to keep house ; and wo have to do the 'cooking ourselves, for we uavon't any glrl; ma'a away iecturinpy " "Jjnti can't agree with you, deacon," said tho Parson, " in your saying that the bomo is more sacred than tbe church. God founded the church in the wilder- ness." " Aud God founded tho family in the garden," said the deacon. " Uhrist died for tho chnrch on the cross, said tho parson. " And Christ was born into tho familv in tne mangor, said the deacon. " uod will at last present tbo church a perfect church, without spot or wrinkle, or any such thing," said the parson. vnen we au come home," said tbo deacon, " to join the great family of re deemed in the household of faith around our Father which is in heaven." "But, Deacon," said I, "supposo every body stayed at home and took care of her own children, what would become of tbe church t " "And supposo evervbodv rroes off to church," replied the deacon, " what's to become ot tbe children at home l " " Thore must be a golden mean, I sup- puse, bhiq iur. ueer. " No I " said the deacon ; " there is no golden mean. Means aro not golden. They're brass, or lead, or pewter. Every man's first duty is to his own home. He ought to mvest his first money there ; and put nia nrst energies tbere ; and concen trato his first thoughts there; and give his first time there. Then, if he has any leu, lec nim given to tne cnurcb." The parson shook bis head. " Parson," said tbe deacon, enerrretic ally, "didn't you think Mr. Whoaton !did a good thing last year when he nndertook to pay the expenses of yonng Whitcomb through college and tbe theological semi nary V " 'Yea,"said the parson; "Icertainly " But here's Mr. Hardcap." continued the deacon, " who is not only paying for the schooling, but for the food, and cloth ing, and shelter, all the expenses, of four or five boys and girls, and that not for five or six or Beven years he has assumed the cost of each of them for fifteen years or so. It was a sight to behold the pleased ex, preaaion on Mr. Hardcap's face at this un- expected discovery of hia beforo unsus pected beneficence. " But they're his own children," said tne parson. "Certainly," said tho deacon; "what of that? Somebody's got to take care of them. And I should like somebodv to tell me why it is not jnst as benevoleut ior air. uardcap to take care of hia own children as for Mr. Wheaton to take care of somebody else's child ; and why it does not do just as much good." " I never thought of it in that way bo fore," said the parson. " You may depend upon it, it is the right way," said the deacon. " God has given every man his own children to take care of to feed, to clothe, to house, to educate. If we all did our duty. there would be no need of any philanthropic charity. That's God's way of taking care of everybody. The man who neglects his own children to take care of eome body elae's children starts all wrong. Tho father and mother who have reared, cared for, educated, and put into life well endowed for life's work half a dozen chil dren, have done a good life work, if they never do anything else. That's the main thing; anything else they may do is extra, be it little or much." Chris. Union. IIonie-Maklng. The woman who is to be bappy and use ful as the maker aud mistress of a bome must know tho art of home-making and horae-ruling. Yet how very small a place is given to the teaching of those arta in our schemes of education for girls I We should call that man a fool who boped to see his son successful as a merchant or banker, but neglected to have him iu structed in the principles of arithrnetio and book-keeping. But thousauda of girls are married every year who do not know how to make a loaf of bread, or to set a table, or to iron a napkin, or to make a bed becumingly. Is it expected that serv ants shall do those things ? So the young man, who is to be made into a merchant or banker, will havo his book-keepers to write out bis accounts and make his arithmetical calculatious for him ; but he must undcr stand theso processes for himself or he will bo at the mercy of his servanta. More over, in the woman'a case, there may not always be servaots or the means with which to command their Bervices ; and their incorapetence, at best, needs tho au pervision of a mistress ekilled in all their arts. This seems a homely matter, doubt less, to those persons who see tho corn plete salvation of women in uuiversity ed ucatiou ; but it is a matter which touches the happiness of women themselves, and closely concerns the woll-being of a world whose whole lifocenters in aud is founded upon the home. It is not too much to say that no girl ought ever to come to maturity without having acquired both skill and taste in every art of the house hold, or that no woman deficleat in this particular can rnarry without serious risk to hor own happiness nnd to that of the persons about her. It does nobody any liarm for tho mistress of a household to know how to calculate au t'clipae, but it is disastrous for her to bo herself tclipjed by her Bridget. Genrge Cary Eyglestvn, m Harper's Magazine. Notiiino is easier than fault-fiuding. No talent, no self-deuial, no braius, no charaoter aro required to set up in tho grumbling business. But those who are uiovod by n geuuiiie desire to do good have little time for murmiuing or complaint. SCJtOFULA. AKK you awaro that In your bltxxi tho talnt of scrofula has a promlncot placo? Tlils j truo ot cvcry onc. ItlslU blo at any time, ou tlio sllglitest nrovocatlon. to dcvclop Itsclt In somo Insldlous dlscaiie. Cotisumptlon aud many other tllscascs are outRrowtlis of tliU Imptulty of tlio llro4. Hood'h HAnsAi'AltlM.A has a wondcrfil powcr over nll scrof ulous troubles, ns tlio nv markablo tcstlmuiilals we havo iccclveJ uumlstnkauly provc. Mp.flsns. C. I. Ilooi) & Co.! Opnltemeii ? . . .My youtiKost son li.n always tieoa troiihlcd wllh Hciofiilous Humor; sorcs l ii s licn.il illscliari!lriK from lilscars.anil a ru nlni? sorc on tho back of his car for tw jcare; liUoyclliU would fcstcrnnil ulccratc, dlscharnlni! so that I wat obllned lo wwk thcin opcii cvcry inoinlnB, lils cyelaslici iicailyallcomlimotit; lio w.n rxcecdlnglT ilalnty, mostoftliotlinocatlnsbiittwo sllRht mcals a day. Wowito tiiiablo lo find any. tliliiKtbatliadtlioluastclfoct upon hlm till l.nt sprlnjr. lT(l, tvo i;avo lilintwo botllciof Jhml'.i MarsdKirllla. HlinjipcUtoliiiprovwt atonrp. Tlio back of lils car liualetl uii without a ?car,nd nota sure ln lils lioa4 slnce. Slncciclv ymrs, Mih. N. C. SANiionv, No. 103 Muirlin.ick til., lowell, Maso. " Wo do nnt m a rulo allow oiiriclvcs U tiso our rdllorlal coltinms to speak ot any reincdy wo advcrtlse, botwo fecl warranto4 ln RaylnK a word for Ilood's Sarsaparllla. Sai'9apatlllaliai been known asa rcmcdlal apcnt for crntnrlcs nnd Is rcconnlzcd byall fcliools of practlco ns a valuablo blood purl flcr. Itlsputupln forms of almost Inllnlle varlcty, but Messrs. Hood & Vxt., (lowell, Mass.) wbo aro tliorouKbly rcllablo pbarma-clsl-s, havo lilt upon a rcmedy of unusual value. Certainly they havo vnucliera ot riui'S wblcb wo know to bo most cxtraor dlnary." Killlors .oucll n'aJclyJounuil. HOOD'S SARSAPARILLA. Rold by ilniRrjIsts. Trlco $1; lx for fn. I'rcparcd by U. 1. IIOOP tt CO., I.owcll, Maan. TO PRBSERVB THE HEALTH Cse the Magneton Appllanoe Co.'s Magnetic Lung Protectorl PRICE ONLY $5. They are prleelesi to I.lDutg.GtuTLiHi and Ca& DtiMwlth Wkak Lcdos; no cue of I'keokoh s Croup Is ever known where these garments are worn. They also prevent andcnre II i art DirnccLTIU, Colm, RnscMiTlju, NetlKiLau, TnsoAT Trodbi.u, Drrx tiikxia, Catarrii, and all Kihdrsd Disiasis. Wil wtAK any service for TiiaiE trars. Are worn ovet rbn nnder-clotblng. PATARRUI needless to dcscrlbe the pjmptoraa of bninnnil . mu nauseous dlsense that 1 sapplni Uellfe and strength or only too manv of the falresi and best of both sexrs. Labor, stndy and research ln Amerlea, Knrnpe and Rastern Unds, have resulted ln the Al agneU Lnng 1'rotector, afforrilni! cnre for Cattrrh.a remMr which contain So DauaoiNO o? tiib Ststbu, and with IhecontlnuousstreAmof MtKnelUm.pennpaltnK throagn the sffllctert nrxans, ucbt rrstorz iiiik to a hsaltbt action. W I'LACK ocu pRtct for thw Appllanoe at !ea tban ODe-tnentleth of tbe price afkcd by others for irmedlefl upon whfch you take all tbe chances. and wn EsnciALLT invitx the patronage ot the hamt pkrsovs wtio have tried drlgoiho tiiiix STOMAcns wnnotrr XFrXCT. HOW TO OBTAIN SftSSJ'iSSSR not got them. write to the rropiletorn, enclontng the price, ln letur at our ruk. and they will be sent to ya ul once by inall, pont-p.ilrl. Semt Ump tor the Mew Departnre ln Mpdlc&l Treatment Without Mkdioikk." with thousauiU ot teAtlmonUln. TUE MAGKETON" ArrUANCR CO., 213 tiTATK HTKEET, CUICAOO, 1.LL. otb. Send one rtolUr In pofttatje ntamps or currency (ln letter at our rlk) with pizg of nhoe unually worn, and try a pftlr of our Mflgnetlc lnsole, and be con vf need ot the power reading ln our MnRnetlc Appllanwt lol llvely no eotd feet teftcre they are ucrn, or tneney r& funtltdt DOES WONDERFUL CURES OF KIDNEYDISEASES AND C LIVER CQMPLAINTS, o Ilt-c.imn It ncts on the MVIIll, IIOWKI.S aad KID.NKYS at tho aanm time. Bocauso it clcanscs tho oystem of tho polson oua humors that dovelopo la Kldney nnd Uri nary Dlscasos. CUloiumcss. Jaundlce. Constltia- 1 tion, Pllcs, or ln Ttneumaturm. N curalgla, N p- ursoiM) rnooF of ims. IT WHili btjeelt cuns OONSTIPATION, PILES, and RHEUMATISM, By caualne FREE ACT20N of aU tho crgana and fiinctlons, thcrcby CLEANSINC tho BLOOD rcstoring tho nomial power to throw off diseaso THOUSANDS OF CASES of tho wornt forrno of these terrible dlsoasoe havo boou quickly rcliovod, and ln a bhort tlmo PERFECTLY CURED. ruitx, $i. i.iqnn m duy, rold itr ducccists. Dry can bo Bcnt by mall. WELI5, niClIAHDSON i Co., Uurlintrton, Vt. 3 SuJ lUmp for Diary Almanv; f. r IbSi. OF ANOTHER AGE. Ormloiilly Smiplantpd by i Ilotter Article. CVrtaln Old Things re Dono Away- In the general receptlon room of the Weatern Unlon Telegraph bulldlng on Hrodw4y. New York, aw ex hlbited tho coarne, crtide andclumsy lnttrumenta of tha lufancy of the lelegrriph. They are onty rellca dow. Mnre perffct machlnery h fuperM(d them. Veara 0 wlmtl now ntyled thn old-fanhlonM poroo tlri8ter did Bome gotnl pervk'c There wa tl en nothing lelterof ttmklnd, 'ow nll Uitt ttt chantjed. Hclenco aud ntmlv luvHRnnerte mT Into the necret- of meitlclne an.Ipro.tnmlHKNSON'S CAl'CINK TOIiOLN I'LAS I'KK, whlcn e mtKilies all the excellencifs thuft far puaai ble ln an external npinetty. 1 hu old plnster were Iow the Capclne Is rapld; they were nncertAln the Capctne U nnre, Clifftjr artlcU-a bear nlmllar nHinea, l!e car ftU, therefore. ihat soine thrUty ilrnRln doen not de celvyon. ln the center of iho genulue la cut the word CATCINi: I'rtce Wcnta. Heabury & Johnson, Chmlstg( 'ew York. Butter! Butter! Ilarliu old my ntock of lce hotte butter, I am redr to receive conptKnmenW frotn dnlryiuen and dealera. rrouipt returns and nn gooil prlcea ns the quality af ihlpmeata will warrant guaranteed. ItKFKHKNOKS; J. C. IIonKhton. Klrst KHtlonal ltink, Montpelleri Georse il, CUandler, Amoskeag Katlonal ltnk( Man chester, N Ii, Scbk! for SEcucIIk niul Prteo CurrenU E. M. SLAYTON, 3Mnnolictor, is'ew Ilnrapshlre. PerCentNet SAsmlty at eood ln everr wv as we hav formerly had at sevcn. laus run Ihrre to nve)er, Intereiit seml-Hnnuul. Svto nw rent gall.proluiblj.atter Janilarj l-t, IS'K. once for furlher p.irtif ulnr-, It toii hv moiiev to land. Addrms l). . II. J)HM,T(IN .te sdH. .Neiiotlatots of MorKsce Loin, rti. Paul, M:K. I'leAJti luentlou thts sper.J YOUR NAME WILL 11 K KKATLT prlntet on KIKTV all Utfftrnit , an 1 aent Hi-patd lor pnly four 3-cui Btamp: Le paukn for twenty a-cent ftvutpn, Address UNION CAHU 00., Moiitpotler, VU $72 A V KKK, ilt a day ul tioui'JHly nuultt. Ooatty 'Julhl Irvo. Addivan Tuou A Co., AugvtLa, IA& VoicBCiilture andArt of Singing. O. W. FOSTKKIUteprnpiletorof Kinlfr's Conrrva tory of Jlulo, Hnwkhn, 1!. )., S. V ) ns Ukn up bla letld'-lu at llie old hnuirU-ad. North CalaU, Vt , and H preiwrM lo takf ilnrii- ut n lliultwl liumtier of puplls In vocil and lntiuinvntul nim c. Veveloping hiuI tonmg tbe rolra a smiait. I'uplU tauKUtai lliclr ohii rit deucn. Slnulni; cUnf and oonvcntlous couducted ca ieitable u-11114, AddrcxH 27-3i 11, W. fOSTKK, .Vorth Calali, Vt. 4