VERMONT VAT( HMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, MAY 15, 1889.
Jfarm nnb (Sarbcn.
Adilrpll all Itnpilrlei or roniinHiilcattun lli relfltinti
to BKrlrulturo to I)n. T. R, HoMIllli MewpOti, VI
WBITK Si'Kks.-A Caledonia county
correspondent of the Mirrnr aml Farmer
says she " positively knows " tliat either
dried creani or hard curd niay be the
cause of white Ipeckl in buttcr. The
former shc has oftcn slraincd out of
the cream froru small pans and used
them for shortening; or, when a sulli
cient quantity was collected, she has
stirred them into hutler. From the
sarne small pans, when the niilk is al
lowed to sour, she has found white
sprcks in her bulter which were un
mistakably curd. llut with deep set
tiug she has now DO troublefroni either
UXQUKflTIONABLY. A writer in thc
Stockman and Farmer tries to enipha
ni.e a fact which no dairyman who
thlnkl at all can doubt the fact that
nothing can oome frotnthe cow's udder
that did not first cnter her niouth. Cows
who make a large yield are and must be
large eaterB; and lie should have added,
thorough digesters of what thcy cat.
The dairy cow niust be a healthy cow,
and unless a cow is in vigorous health
it is folly to expcct prolit from her. It
follows that the successful dairymau
mustbe acarcful sanitarian, who knows
the requirements of health in neat cat
tle and is able and wllling to provide
and maintain them.
The Qukstion of sizk. The same
writer says that among his niilkcrs he
" has them froni the little grade Jerse.y
up to the thorough-bred Shorlhorn,
weighiug l,r00 to l,si() pounds. and all
standing in the same baru and eating
exactly the same rations, and we are
obliged to confess that thc cow which
has the most voracious appetite is the
cow which gives the most milk, being
about cqually divided in the matter of
cream prodnction. We would not at
tempt to claiiu that one class of cows
would give just as muoh milk as
another, or, as a rule, just as rich in bul
ter fats, but we do wish to maintaiu
that any cow, regardless of breed,
which converts her food into milk, will
give very nearly the same returns: and
if the large cow gives the most milk,
Which, as a rule, she will do, it is from
the fact of a larger cousumption of
food. And be who expects to keep a
class of cows that will eat sparingly
and milk generously will, in the lau
guage of America, 1 get left.' "
DKEP Milkixu AND Hkaltii. On
this point he makes the declaration that
" it is the constant eater which makes
the deep milker, and it is such also
whose digestive organs are constantly
getting out of repair, and which the
dairyman is obliged to contiuually
watch that the machiue keei)s in mo
tiou, and that each part performs its
funotioD." We do not doubt the truth
of the assertion in the writer's own
case, and we are quite willing to agree
that good dairy cows rcquire carcful at-
tention. I5ut with that we are not wil
ling to concede that there is any ueces
sity for thcir H coustantly getting out I
of repair." There is no good physio
logical reason why a cow that ruus the
fat of her food into the pail should suf
fer in health more than thcox who lays
it up in tallow and suet. Both require
iavorable couditions for the best re
sults, and that is about all there is to it.
Not QuiTE ALL. A dairy cow,
bowever, continues in the production
of butter fat more years than the steer
in the production of becf fat, and she
is consequeutly exposed to more risks,
according to the prolongation of her
existeuce. Uut these risks, in cows
properly handled, are not great; and, on
the other haud, thcir productions of a
merchantable product is almost cou
tiuuous, not entailing the loss of time
and food consequent upon the produc
tion and growth of successive individ
uals, as in the case of the steer, so that
if even the steer fat would sell at the
same price as butter, yet there must be
more prolit in a lonu-lived dairy herd
than iu a succession of short-livcd
SEED COBN. Iu selecting seeds, es
pecially of those classes of cultivaled
plants which liad their origin iu wann
cliinates, it is beBt, when we can, to get
it from some good farmer north of our
own locality. The reason is that
plants origiuating in a cliruate where
the iuterval belwecn frost and frost is
loug are only slowly made earlier, and
Buited for more uortheru cliinateB, by
careful selection; and they have a con
stant tenUency to returu to old habits
getting later and later, unless the care
in selection is contiuued.
harrow for working among Btumps In
new land, etc. This spring we have
added the Cutaway, and notice that
certainly hero is " a new broom that
sweeps clcan " so elean that the only
harrows any one on the " Memphrcma
gog Seed Farms " sccms to want to
bitoh on to now aro the Cutaway, with
the Thomafl nftcrwards. The Cuta
way makes beautiful work, and really
needs the Bmoothing harrow after it
much thc least of any. For nice garden
work the Cutaway, with the Meeker
smoothing harrow (having lifty-cight
eight-inch disks), will make a Beed bed
all ready for the fincst seed, without a
particle of hand work. If we had to
llmit ourself to a single harrow, it
would be the Cutawav.
The Hest Harrow.
A correspondent asks: " Is there any
htst harrow for all purposes?" Well,
uo; at least we prefertohave more than
one kind and in fact we have i u use
tive dilTerent kiuds of modern inven
tiou and make. Among them is a llx
teen inch disk harrow that our hired
meu have thought a great deal of.
They have also used the Aerne; aud of
course we have a Thomas Binoothing
harrow, as well as a square harrow of
the old sbape with steel teeth, au " A "
Those Jcfrcrson CoiBt" Cows.
Mr. Kdttor: Your correspondent,
N. G. Davis, in his recent. article, ap
pears disposcd, I am sorry to see, to
ridicule the attention which I have
ffiren to the " Cow Census " which Mr.
.Icnnings made, and declares that I have
"used this census for all there was of
it," etc. Now, on the contrary, 1 have
liardly given this valuable work which
Mr. .lennings Iiub done half the con
lideration to which it is entitled and
which I liope in future to bestow upon
it. Mr. Davit says of this census that
he " has no reason to question its ac
curacy," and it is because that I also
believe it as nearly accurate as it could
well be made, and because, so far as I
know, it was an absolulely uniqnc and
thercfore invaluable mass ofdata, that 1
have so carefully Itudledit as.indeed,
I wish others had the means of doing.
If Mr. Davis could furnish your read
ers with a siinilar census for thc towu
he represents, I can assurc him that it
will D6 a most valuable contributiou
and will receive, as it will deserve,
montbs of study to learn thc many les
sons which its iigures will teach.
Before gOlDg further, let me say that
Mr. Davis quotes us as giving the total
nuniber of our rnilch cows as 770,000.
while that is the number of those I
would like to see slaughtered, it being
about half the wbole number in the
Btate of New York. 1 hope I ueed
hardly assure your readers that it is
anylhing but a labor of love for me to
defend the conclusions which the cen
sus of Mr. Jennings appeara to me
clearly to establish, and if l am found
in error, as is not wholly impossible, I
shall make uo atterupt to avoid a full
confession. Iu fact, Mr. Davis points
out that my estimate for hay cousumed
should not have been taken at its aver
age value for the past quarter of a
century, which seemed to me to be a
faircr estimate than its price for any par
ticular year. Perhaps I was wron.
Uut since writiug the papers which are
criticised 1 fiud that my conclusions are
endorsed by scveral high authorities iu
daiiy matters as, for example, Mr.
Jamei Chessman, secretary of the New
Kugland Creameries Associatiou, who
recently told the Massachusetts Dairy
men at l'loughman hall, llostou, that
" he believed, with Dr. Collier, that if
sixty per cent of the cows were de
stroyed, saving the best only, the
country would be richer"; also Dr.
(ioessmann, director of the Experiment
Btatioo at Amherst, Mass., who, as the
result of his carefully-eonducted ex
pcrimeuts in the production of milk
from twelvc animals, declares that " a
cow whose total milk record averages
not more than ciL'ht quarta per ilay,
judging from our owu condition, prom-
lses to prove a better lnvestmcnt when
prepared for thc tneat market than
wheu constituting a liberal proporllon
of the slock kept for supplying the
geueral milk market at Btated prlces."
NOW the doctor cstimated his milk as
selling at an average of three cenls per
quart, aud that is sixty-tbree per cent
bigher than is eighty-flve cuts per one
hundred pounds, which is about the
average price received by the dairy inen
of New Vork.
Bight quarta icr day is 5,'JOO pounls
in 300 daya, and but a single one of the
1,188 faetoriea reported by Dairy C m
missioncr Brown of New Vork sur
passed such a record, while 101 facto
rics came nexi, with a record of 4,702
pounds of milk per cow, or ten per cent
below the point of protit lixed by Dr.
Goesamaun. Flfty-two hundred pounds
of milk at eighty-live ceuts a hundred
is f 1 1.20, and yet there were but sevcu
herds, containing eighty-one cows,
among the 870 herds, containing
5,591 cows, reported by Mr. Jen
uings, the average earnings of which
in milk, butter or cheese aurpaaaed
this llmit. 15arely eighty-one cows,
or less than one and a half per
cent, averaged for milk, butter aud
cheese 5517. KS earnings. Accordiug to
Dr. (ioessmann, uinety-cight and a half
per cent of these cows of Jeffersou
county promiaed better returns from
the butcher's block than iu the dairy.
The average yield of milk from 407,810
cows, according to Dairy C'oinmissiouer
Brown, waB 8,034 pounds, equal to an
average annual earnmg per cow of
125.70. The average amount of milk
reipuired for a pouud of butter was
about twenty-live and a half pounds, so
that the average yield of butter per
cow was about 120 pounds.
The dairy commissioner of Connecti
cut reports that the average sales of but
ter from 1 ,.'14H creainery patrons in his
state, having 17,130 cows, was for the
M'nson -'J.O ceuts per pound. At this
price tbfl New Vork cows averaged not
over 111 pounds of better per cow,
while, if we lake the average ut 120
pouuds of bulter, its average lelllng
price during the aeason in New YotU
was 21.0 ceuts per pound. But while
doubtless the average yield of butter is
greater iu Vermont, ran Mr. Davis
show that it was over 130 pounds per
COW? And yet there are many dairies
in Vermont and in New York where
the average yield of bulter per cow is
over 800 pounds. The, average yield of
these 17,i;t0 Connecticut cows was 17.'!
pounds, while the higbest average of
any one creainery was -J02 pounds.
Now a word as to the quality of the
bulter. Again and agaiu it nappani
that while carloads of so-called butter
are piled u(i in the cotuiuissiou houses
of our larger cities, every pound of
which costs iu its production as much,
or even more, than a llrst-rate bulter
Let It Help You.
Sltortsiihtctl, and tu I).: pititrd, i; thc wotnan who re
ject this wondtjrful article PEARLINE. Incon
si(lr.rat(; the one who does not supply her scrvants with
it. Its popularity imtnense Bale and the hundreds of
imitationa all tell f its usefulness; bestdes, it's old
enouffh t have died long since were it ;tt all dangerous
to faoric or hands. On thc contrary. in doing away with
most of the rubbing it savcs the worst of the wear.
Use it without soap It is cconomical.
l " Peddlers and somr unacrupuloua grocera are
t( offering imitationa which thej claim tobe Pearl-
61 1 Ine. or "the a.nne ao P irline." IT'S FALSE
they are not. and besides are dangrrOUa. I'K KI.INK is neviT peddlrd, but
sold by all good gioccrs. 134 Minufftctured only by JAMICS PYLB, New Vork.
Kuit's Di Mi Esialiiiei
r;li III lll
- f! P v 1 I'll n
JJ,,' r. Ln ' '..
Come and see the grand display we are niaking in New Spring
Goods. We are exhibitins in our
doea, yet these carloads awalt buyers
at almost any price, while often the de
mand for goou buttcr can not be mct.
To paraphrase the lines of the Ancient
Martner: Butter, butter everv where, but
not an ounce to eat. 1 wish to assurc
Mr. Davis and yourreadera that my sole
desire iB to learn from the masB of data
collected by Mr. Jennings, and kmdly
placcd at my disposal by him, all I can
which may help to throw light apon
the dairy mdustry and aid in making it
more and more profltable. I shall not
atlempt to distort any of this data or
unfairlv present it in order to establish
any hobby of my own in the matter,
for I have noue. so far as I know; and
I hope Mr. DaviB and others will con
tinuc to criticise what I may say not
iu order tosucceed in tripping any sup
poscd antagonist, but to bring out the
points clearly. That I have not as yet
exhausted thc matter of this " Cow
Census," I would say that a f 11 Her in
vestigation of the data fails to show
anv prolit in feeding graiu, as a oartial
review seemed to establish; but this
should not be taken as evidence that
the feeding of grain is not to be rccom
mendcd as prolilable, otdy that the data
collected by Mr. Jennings does not ap
pcar to establish either its wisdom or
I would refer your readers lo a paper
presented by me before the Ilolstein
Friesiau Associatiou at its last an
nual meetlng aud publiahed in its
proceediugs, in which I have presented
somewhat fully the aeveral points of
practical inlerest, for which this " Cow
Ccnaua" furnishes the data.
All I claim is that Mr. Davis should
admil that an honest purpose and a
reasonable degree of iutelligence has
been exerciscd in discussing these data,
and he will Bnd that most, if not all,
the j)oints he has raised in criticisru
have becu anticipated bv me in the
paper to which I call attention, and 1
would only s:iy here that he may pre
pare hiiuself for a surprise at learuing
that the costs of kccping of cows,
whether grades or nalives, bears ap
parently no relation whalever to the
average earnings. PTEB COLLIEB.
tieneva, N. V., April 27, 1889.
Department the most extensive assortmtnt of Foreign Fabrics
ever shown in this place. We have
A Noav Line of Henriettas!
ln all the new colors of the season. Krench Serges, Chev
rons, St:l)astapols, Cashmcres, etc, etc.
BLACK AND COLORED DRESS SILKS!
Don't fail to examine the bargains we an- oflfering in Faille
l'Vancaist;, Armure, Satin Rhadames and dros
Grain, in Black and Colors.
Dress Trimmings in Great Variety
To match the goods. Surah aml Moira Silks. Velvets, Plushes,
Passamenteries, Persian Braid, 'tc. Look at our
Black Silk Lace Flouncings!
We have them in beautiful designs. Don't
fail to examine our
PARASOLS AND SUN UMBRELLAS.
We are showing some elegant stylcs this season. We
have just opened a new line of
Ladies' Walking Jackets and Beaded Wraps !
Drop in and see them. Also take a look at the Ladies' Jersey
and India (iauze Undervests, which we are selling at twenty-five
cents. Don't forget to look at those BLACK ST0CKINGS
(the Ruddington), which we r,atarantee absolutely fasl color.
M. M. KNICHT,
Stowe Stbebt, - - - - Waterbury, Vt.
THE YANKEE PULVERIZER
The Yankee Steel Plow!
The Improved Billings Gorn-Planter!
The Strowbridge Seed-Sower!
THE STODDARD GREAMERY AND BARREL CHURN!
The Waters Butter-Worker,
etc, etc, are specialties sold by us which
should be examined by every farmer.
Every one of the above tools
warranted to give
Barrows & Peck,
South Main St., - - - Montpelier, Vt.
Talks 011 Farm Toplc"So. t.
To everytbimr there is a season, and
the carlv spring is the time for the
seedsmeu's catalogues. I well rcmeni
bcr the tirst seed catalogues I eversaw.
One was Ilenderson's, and the coutrast
betweeu the plain, cheap cataloue of
tweuly years ao with " Bverytbfng for
the Garden" of this year is most
Btriking. Most of the aunuals of the
seed-dealers are bewildering so many
thiugs and so inanj- kiuds it makes
oue's head ache to try to decide what
to get and it is a real relief to get a
catalogue that is brief, simple, plain,
rigbt to the point. Then, too, when
one up here in Vermont sends to deal
ers further south or west, he may get
northern-growu seeds or he may not,
and it is much better to buy seeds that
one knowi are grown in the north.
There certainly is no need of any of
our people going to the stores to buy
seeds. Such seeds may be good; too
often they are a disappointrueut to the
one wbo plants them. The grcatest
trouble about a kitchen garden is that
after you get it nicely started the farm
work drives so that the garden is neg
lected. Plaotlng in long rows in the
fleld is a good way, only the husy farm
er's wife does not want to go far to get
vegetables for dinner. Where there
are cbildren to help, or many hands to
make light work of such jobs, the gar
den may be a source of pleasure, in
struction and prolit. A weedy, neg
lected garden is an eye-sore, aud one
bad almost rather have no garden than
to see rank wceds and stunted vege
tables. There is oue vegetable, bow
ever, which can be grown by almost
any one, no matter how busy be may
be. It does not have to be sowu, but
the roots live througb the wloter, start
iug early in the spring. Hence it is
ready to use before almost any other
garden vegetable. The hens can not
scratch it up; the more they Bcratcb
about it the better. If kept free from
wecds in the si)ring, it cau not be
ohoked bv them while the farmer is
busy in the hay-tiekl and elsewhere.
Give it plenty of manure, divide the
roots occasionaliy and you can grow
rbubatb more easily than any other
garden vegetable. It is healthful, too,
aud cau be prepared for the table iu
many appetizing ways. It is more easily
put up for wiuter use than almost any
other vegetable. The wonder is that
farmera Jonot more generally ratse it,
and lots of it, especially as it is so easily
prepared for use. PLOWMAN,
Thr i'hief Itriiaon fol tlio KrMt IUO-
mm 't Bood'i BarMparilUi t' found in ttio
nrttcln ltsolf. It is nrarlt tliat wins, and tlm
taot that iicmmI s BaHapefflla Mtaalljf m
pnmpllshps wliat is claiim il for It, ls what
has pivpn to ttiis medleiae a popnlartty and
ireaterthaB that of taj othet iarsap.
Mffit WinQ ri":1 '"' '"'rl'
iVltJilL VVIiia Ber before the publlo.
Hood'i Banaparllla mrcs Berofulai sait
Rheum and aii Hatnon, Djnpepela, siok
ffeadaohe, BIUoumeM, ovenoinu That
Tlred Peeltng, eraateiao Appetlti itrength-
riH the Kervat, bulldi up Uw Whciti- system.
Hdi Harmiparilla i told byoll drug-
pwt s. iiUforS. Prepared by 0. 1. Hood
k C0.1 Apotbecarlet, Lowell, JCaea
rl Pnroct MpHirlnoES
1 iiu utOi uiiu 1 uivv mvwiMvp
111 ' tbJtwl11drlvethe Hnmorfromyoui
I I 1i tem, ""'1 make your kli
H 4. ' ciuaii inil tmooth. Tliox.
" ( L.l'iiniiips and Blotchei
. . ' '. ' 'Xan' caused by ImpureU
''i,, ' ). 'V 'o,- 'xfcv lilcMul, and can he
v v'a .-, Jm 'r '''j 4Lwtae and use
V '4eVH Kr-at
'' t, ''. r'i -'j V
mn.ltf.1nn Tl'V it.
wnn ulll Iu- - lii-tled
CtCt 11 t "tu 1 ironiB
ix wi w.vit. Get it a i tvctr
If you are lufforlng from K
Kt.n. 1 u lah n
old age, n-; i i.rtu ii BITTEU
They never fail 10 cure.
Bflnd :l loent atarapi to a. 1. 1 mi ny ,t in.,
Bolton,. Muoa., for Iwm medlcalwork pUMllahodf
1 1111111111111 1 1 11 1 1 liiiiiiiiiiiiiiliiliilitliilllllllij
THE RELIASLE AND P0PULAR '.
L HOP J
-'oinphtlv nd npwwiily
hII Avlit'H, Pitin-. Siironess. or
I LimbM. or
Nutes by the Way.
T111: farmer or gardeuer wbo has a
variety of peas that suit him in grow
ing well, in yieldiug bountiful cropi of
large, well-iilled pods, and which is
early enougu for his market, will do
well to sow a few rows expressly for
seed, and to allow noue to be plcked
THERE is no reason why our eastern
farmers should goWest for more elbow
room. Their great drawback is not
the want of more land; it is the pos
sessiou of too much land. Kvery acre
should be made to contribute to the
net iucome of the farm. Oiberwise it
is a source of loss.
" DfilED corn fodder may be all right
in theory, but there is too much labor
aml loss iu practice. It is easier to
raise and store 1,000 bushels of roots
than to raise and thorougbly dry and
eoure two acres of corn-fodder, aud
there is much less risk iu the root
crop," says a writer. Has be ever tried
A MiNMsoTA farmer says: "The
same team will haul twelve Dtthdn d of
brick with greater ease and less ex
huustiou on a wagon haviur a threc
inoh tlre than it cau pull ten hun
dred brick on the ordinarv narrow
trcad wagon. The roatl on which I
tlid my baullug wasa smooth, bartl sur-
faee dlrt road."
Somk of the iuobI importaut crops
grown are those that are seeded after
the sunmier opeu. While ccrtain
plants may require the cooler weather
of spring, with plenty of time for
growth, any failure of the crops seeded
in the spring does not neccssarily cause
a loss of the whole seasou, as souic of
the most profltable crops grown are put
iu as late as July.
Pre irtdfran 1'r.h Hnp, Hemlut'k Um and 2
TLu Hnt and only comtiincti S.H)thing, Paiti- -m
iUajrtOf, Stn'iigtli'tiinE. and Cura-
5 ti IMaater known.
Use One Now. They Satisfy.
Z TAKE NO OTHER KINO.
8..td hy Pniic and OOBBfcrj ntnree. 5
8Ae S for 91.0O. Lool for tiffnmtnrt o 5
I HOP PIASTER CO., Proprietors, Boston. '
nv rry fnvtiu PUuttt, Mailod for price. I
If You Have
annetite. IndivMtlon, Flatnlone,
sirk lladoli " ihii." i..--lua
flaalit you hi iiiki
tbo rentody yon necii. They loncup
llir i-uk sfomucli uinl IU UDlhe
iiiikki"k nratl. Nafferara from
moniwl o phyeieol OTorwooh ili i tml
rollol rrom them. Nloely iua;i4r eouted.
Oi lmuToved Citv rtopem.
MINNEAPOLIS, M I N N .
Money Loaned with Absolute Security.
Ushmhi yeora' Eajwrteoo. WIom aboul
tni .ooe.oiio par A onum.
Hae Neter Losl a Dollar in Principal 01 Inlerest.
Hna ItHtniiBI PJtWBV. Freaideiil Natteaal Un)
lh.ui i iMniiitiiy. Mntitit.'ltf r, 't.
MAM IIKSTKK SAVINUS lt'K Mnni liciitnr. N. II
W. W. WAliUKN II Killiy ItTMt, ll.ut.in.
PKol'I.KS TIH s I co Karnnni!t.in. He,
KRKD W. ARKOLU, PrMldent KqutUbl rjte aoa
Mttrtnt' ItiHiirani'O Cinlianv, l'rovldeiu't'. K. I.
I.oan I'Kl's r SAVlNtls ItANK. Concord, N. II.
WOLCOTT AHUK Bnaeld, Conn.
HKNHY I.. I'llATT 'U H.'adc atn'.'t. New Vork
ItKV. WAliUKN kandoi.I'II Newport, H. I.
rlloMI'SONX II.I.K TKU8T CO..TI i.onvllle.( t
c. 8, avi-;hii.i.. Treeiurer Mtlrord eeviun Beak.
Mlir.ircl, N. II.
johm ii JACKSON Plttaburg, Peaa.
AltKAM l l:l.M II Wnt Timin. iid. M.u
itvuoN woiinw.uui. n Nonn Thirtyeeeal
I-KNN Ml TI AI. l.ll ) IN; l o ClitUiM"l"a
('. M. BAIL1 u,ll,.,M M
CHAHI.KS li CUM1NU8 BUte Btreet, Kton
S. 11. I'l'r-KKII l.onell M4M.
KKl'NI: MAKTIN 114 Worth trvet, New VdTk.
JXMJM p, ni 'ri.Kit Kaatoa, ffiea
W. A. BARNES &. CO.
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