Newspaper Page Text
VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE .TOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1889.
Jfarm nnfc arben, Aritlrf-R ftll IminlrlPi or fommHntfntlnti lli rrlntldn to igftalMm t ii-t. ii. HoniWi WswpuffV Vt, Jersey Heef. Lovers of choice becf are beginning to fiud out that Jersey meat fills thc bllli Whllt it would be useless to try to compctc with tlic spceial becf brccds in ordinary market beef, the time is not far ofT when those wlio want thc l)cst will insist upon Jersey becf as Rtrongly as they now do upon South DoWD mutton. In the South, parlic ularly, Jersey lecf is becoming quite popular. L. B. Giles of Austin, Texas, says, in the Southem CnUivnlor: " It is not clairaed that the Jersey is a special beef animal, but wlicn the grade steers have bcen fed they have Bhown good results. In this, howcver, I can not spcak from experience, as I never fed a beef for market. Thc Messrs. Ceorge and Andrew HamtltOD of this county tell rae that thc grade Jerseys they lnvc fed have paid thetn bctter than any other class of stock. Thc ltowe brothers, who are also feeders, say that they prove satisfactory. At the last ' fat stock show 1 two Jersey stecrs carried off the honors for bcst beef." - (Jood Konds. If wc are eoing to "boom" Vermont as a good state to emigratc to, either from other statcs or from abroad, it be liooves us to improve our roadways. 1 11 thc hills it is impossilile, WlthOUl an expenditure of capital beyond our rueans, to make wlde and level high ways. This must not be looked for. ISut the publio spirit ought to be stiimi lated upon the point of an intelligcnt use of the highway money that we are al)le to raise. It is indisputable that a very large part of our highway taxes is wasted on rnerely makeshift work which does not endure. We are not vcry fa vorable to state iuterfereuce with town business ; but we do not see why it would not be a wise expenditure of the state's money to establish the oftice of state road superintendcnt, and put into it the most skillful road-iuakcr whose serTices can be had. Thcn let cach town have the right to call upon this oflicer for adviee in laylng out, inaking and working its highways. We believe that if the state would pay the salary and the towns the travelling expenses of such an oflioer we should soon see a vast improvement in our roads, without any appreciable increase of cost. In no business does the " kuow how " tell more effectively than in road-building. (ireenbaekers and (irangers. For a high-toned and intellectual newspaper, the Springfleld Hepublican is remarkably "low-lived" in its allu sious. lteferring to the row in Mich igan about Professor Adams' free trade teachings at the state Uni versity, the Republican says: "When thc greenbackers win in Michigan, such mcn as I'rofesso;- Adams should be able and willing at once to teach of the beauties and souudness of an ineon vertible, rag-baby currcney, or other wise the greenback lcgislature would brand him a heretic and take away his job. When the grangers win in Micb gan I'rofcssor Adams should be able to teach convlncingly that railroad rates and earnings are whollv unnccessary, aud the only BCientiQc mcthod of pro motiugthe material welfare of the state is to repressall such rates and earnings." Now we should suppose," priori, that a writer-on the Republican posesses enough general information to be awarc 1 hat the greenbackers, before disband ing, succeeded in securiug their main point the retention of the greenback as our priucipal and permanent form of paper money and that " an incon vertible, rag-baby currency " was simply one of the phrases of party slang cur rent among opponents who were hard up for legitimate argument. The in sinuatiou that Amcrican farmers, or " grangers," in their efforts to compel railway corporations to deal justly with all classes of their eustomers, have the purpose ordesign to infllet injury upon that class of property, or that they hold, in the HtpubHcan1 1 words, that " rail way rates and earnings are wholly un necessary," is quite as mean writing as anything Hkely to be found in the " party organs " at which the Jtepubli t i ' niffs so liercely and continually. A Dead lleirr What Kllled Herl Jir. Editor: Whatkllled the heifer? She waB one year old, in good condl tion, wa getting all hcr fecd in the pasture; yeHterday morning was lainc in left fore leg; did not come to the barn last nigbt with the other oattle. I found herinthe pasture this niorning, nearly dead. Thc left sboulder and leg above knee was vcry badly swollcn, lcg below knee cold. I have beeu breaking for corn to-dayi bavc plowed under grasssixteen inches high (by incasurc). The mauure was spread on the grass last November. Considerable corn has been planted here in the last three days. II. X. BusnKELL. Waitstield, Vt., May Ifi, RBM ABKS BY Aanui in itAi. Ki tTOR, AVithout belng positivc, wc should say that thc account of tlic lieif er's dealh gives the imiiression that it was acase of what is knowu as " black cg " produced, usually, by turning neat stock into too rank green feed sud- dcnly from dry rations. Black-leg is not contngious. Tliose Iowa rws. Thc PrOvMtMt Joumal. quoting from l)r. LorlOg's article, in wliich he Bays: " An industry whose product has in creased in twcntv ycars, from 1859 ti 1879, from ?l,l)('lll,000,000 to 8,600, 000,000, must have had a grcat deal to do with tlic growing prosperity of thc country and must have bcen kttended by great individual bucccbb," remarks that the " census of 1880 places thc es timated valuc. of all farm produclions (sold, consumcd or on hand) for 1S"! in the l uitcd Statcs at only 82,212, 540,927. a diff irence to the extenl of the modcst sum of nearly a billion and a half." In a subsequcnt issue the Providmet Joumal says: " We have recently discovcrcd whcnce l)r. Loring took these figurea. He took them from Dr. Loring When he was commis sioner of agriculturc hc rcported to the president thc same cstimatcs c )vering thc sainc pcriod. I)r. horing's prede cessor rcported thc cstimate for 1879 which was given in the census, aud why Dr. Loring should coolly add a billion and a half to it is a "iuestion which the Bbston Joumal can strugglc with, or not, as it rccb fit." We have more than a suspicion that thcsc llgurcs are the work of " my cxcellent stalisli cian," as Ioring callcd Dodgc; the " guesscr," as Le l)uc characterizcd blm, Thcrc is little wonder that Lor iiiLr, aftcr contcmplaling his amazing rc sults, should have felt like ej ICUlatlDg, cvcn had Ilarrison lcen dcfeatcd, " How bright thc Atntrtean sun shlnes this morn." With such cows Amcrica iii t ht well claim not only the carlh, but thc whole solar system. Four hnn (hed ttoenty-ftet dollari per cow or, to be cxact, 1434.69 and nearly four uills over. W e are now glad that wc have always advised "caretul lirecding and judicious fccding," but we are frauk to admit that we hardly anticlpated such results. Husbandman. bbfrttsemcnts. Our Nttlre Trccs and Slinihs. (.uite a uumber of years ago I sct out to adorn my own small lawn with nativc trees and shrubbery, and although its very dry soil a sandy knoll is unfavorable to many species. I was not long in discovering the im possibility of collecting and growing upon a single acre any large proportion of thc many interesting specii.'s to be found within averyshort drive. As to nut-trccs and shrubs, while in the Champlain valley, and espeeially upon the lake shorcs and islands, many oaks. the chestnut, several hickories, the black walnut, the butternut, and even thc pecan and European walnut, with native and foreign beeches, may be found growing, yet here I have failed with our single native oak and beech and succeeded only with the butternut and the two hazels, Within even the strict limits of myimmediatc surrouud ings, however, I am able to produce very interesting effects without a single foreign species; I mean here, of course, foreign to northeastern Vermont. How much more, then, can this be done where the cliruate admit- of so much widcr choice among native American trees aud shrubs, growing wild from the Atlantic to the Paciflo and froiu the Mexican Gulf to the great lakes. Europe is far less able to do without foreign species than Amcr ica. Vick'B Magaxine. CabbageWormi and Sqoash'Bags Defeated. Cabbagc-worms never trouble an English gardener of my acquaintance. When they lirst appear he dissolves a table-spoonful of saltpeter in a pailful of tcpid watcr aud gives the plants a good sprinkling. The worms will dis appear speedily. If they begin after a few days to appear again, rcncw thc sprinkling, and you will seldom have occasiou to apply it a third timc. It promotes thc growthof thc plants, too. Beeing blm planting his melons, Bquasnes and cuoumbers, 1 askcd bim if the bugs would not destroy the vines. Ile said he was never troubled by striped bugs. When hc iircjiared thc hills he planted a circle of beans six inches apart around the outer cdge of each hill. The beans would cotue up just before the melons, etc, would ap pear, and no bug would ever molest thc vines. I have tried these two reme dies niyself for ten years with perfect success. J. C, S., in Xeir England Homtslead. To Deatroy Bats. Some tliree weeks since Mr. .James Newell, a neighbor of niiuc, in reply to my tpjestion, said: "If you will take a jir or pot, put it in your corn-crib. till it within four or (ive inches of the top with water, put a double handful of cotton-seed on top of the water and pile the corn around so that the rats can easily rcach the top, you will catch every rat that passes by. The rats will jump on the cotton-Beed." The next day I tried the experiment, and three days after had my jar exaniined, aud the servant pulled out thirty-one drowned rats. In sixtcen days I had eaught ninety-two rats. Newell says the rats never hurt his corn. I have repeated the story to several, and all who have tried it have been successful. The best ilace to sct your jir is by the side or wall of the crib. Cor, South ern Citlticutor. THE old-fashioneil farm rule, says the Ituriil Canadian , was that every cow kcpt for butter woulil warrant the keeping of another sow aud )igs. Not thal the skim-milk would alonc furnish suftloient fecd for these. It would nol at lirst, and as ihe pigs became larger, and the cow'n milk gradually decreased later in the season, the discrepancv be cainc all the time greater. Uut the skim-milk and buiter-mllk made a They gave thc pigs the kind of food that made grOWtb, whilc they could lill up on various other loods to expand the stomaoh and make fat. The additlon of whcat bran and ground oats to tlic tnilk tuakes it the best pos sible food for growing pigs. Attcntivc readerB will rcmcnibcr that this is ex actly in accord wilh the teaching of Mr. Chesstuau at our dairvmcn's nicel-ing. Thr 'hirf Kriinon for thc grMt IU0" ecsr of Rood's Banapartlls is found In the articie Itself. it is mertt that wins, and tiie laet that Bood's BarssparUla aotuaiiy ac sompllsnss what is 01:11111011 for it, is what has given t this medldns a popuUuity and aio irsatnthan that ofaajrotiMi lanapa- y j XAirie rl":l '"' '"lr'" "Vient Wins nerhetorethepublle, Bood'i Barsapartlla cros Bortrfota, sait Rhoum and all llumors, Dyspspsla, SlcK Headaohe, BlUouineu, orerootnei That Tirod Peellng, oneatei an Appetlta, itrtntth- ons the Norvos, bulldl up tht WhOle Systom. ilaoil'n Miirnpnrill sold bj all ilrug- nists. iiUforS. PNpandbyO. I.Hood li Co., Apotliecarlot, Lowell, Mass. bbcrtisemcnts. B00K BINDERY- PaPer Bx Factory. Partiet who have any boak they wish bound or repairtd, or use Paner Boxes, should uritt to V. W. WHEELOCK, MONTPELIER, VT., for Jowtst prives for good u ork -4 Oatarrh is n blood dtsease. Dntll tho poison Ib 1 expalled from the system . there oan lio no Otin for tlds loRtlisoino and oangoroiis tnnlndy. Tlioroforo, tho only effootivo treatmeni is a thorough oontM of Aycr's Sursaparjlla tho besl Ol all biood pttrtflers, Tho soonet Jron begtn tho better ; dclay Is ilanRorons. ' i wm tronbled with oatarrh for over two years. I tried various rstnedles, and was treated by a numberof physl clansi bul reoeiveo no baneflt untll I began to tako Ayer's Barsaparllla. a few bottles of this medlclne cured me of this troublesome oomplalnf and copv nletely rostored my health." Jssss M. Bosjgs, Hotman'i Mills, N. 0. "Whon Ayor's Sarsaparilla was roo- ommended to me for oal rh, l was Ih olined to donbt its efltcaoy. Raying triod somany remedlesi with little ben put, I had no falth that anything would curo mo. I becauM emaeiated from loss of appetlte and Impaired dlgestlon. I had nearly lost tho sense of smellj and my system was badly deranmd. i w as about dlsoonragedi w hon a friend nrged mo to try Ayor's Sarsaparilla, and ro- forrod me to psrsons whom it had oured of ontarrh. Aftor tnking half n dosen bottles of this msdlolnsi I am oonTlnoed that tho only suro way of treating this obstlnato disoaso is through tho blood." Charlos II. Maloncy, 113 llivcr st., Lowell, Mass. Ayer's Sarsaparilla, nttMSIB nv Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass. Prlce 1 ; nlz bottlpn, j. Worth l a hoMe. For Sale. An old estnblislK'd Cornor fJrooory and Provision sior'. Bitablished twentyflve yearsj cash trade; exoeptional opportunltyj worthy your attentlon, Addross Montana Beef Co., Boston, Corner North and Pleet Btreets, We wish to call sX'cial atten tioii to our large stock of low and medium -priced Suits. They are good-fitting goods and made in a good, reliable manner. Sizes from 35 to 44, at $6.50, $8.50 and $10.00. A. D. FARWELL BUY MONTPELIER CRACKERS! THE BEST IN THE WORLD. MAN ri"A('TVliEI I'.V C.H. CROSS&SON MONTPELIER. VT. AL8( i- M AN 11 1 WCT l TIM :RH OF FINE CONFEGTIONERY. TEN GOLD MEDALS -WERE AWARDED TO- Butter Made a Cooley Greamer Process During tlic Fall Fairs of 888, as follows: The JERSEY BULLETIN G-OLD MEDALS. COLD MEDAL, Kansas State Fair F. O. Miller. COLD MEDAL, Minnesota State l'"air C. LkYenconte. COLD MEDAL, Iowa State Fair A. M. Binoham. COLD MEDAL, Virginia District Fair M. Erskine Miller. COLD MEDAL, Maine State Fair B. F. & F. H. Briogr, COLD MEDAL, Hay State Fair H. K. CllMMINOS. COLD MEDAL, New Jersey State Fair Hollv Grove FaRM. COLD MEDAL, Delaware State Fair C. FREAR S: Son. COLD MEDAL, Va. Agrictiltural and Mercantile Exposition, . B. Anderson, Jr. COLD MEDAL, Stafford (Ct.) Ag'i Society, Lebanon (Ct. ) Creamerv Ass'n. Engines, Boilers, Churns, Butter-Workers And Bverythlng ' in Oreamevles or . . . Sond for Oiroulnrs (iivinK i ull Partlonlars, Vermont Farm Machine Company, Bellows Falls, Vt. Notes by thp Way. A ordinarily uacil, bulls are vorv dnnc;erouH animaln, liut are never con nidererl so until they liavc done some damnge. GOOD fruit and fpoA gardena add to the comfort and health not only of your own faniily, but, in many eanei, that of othern. TSI New Kngland apple orchard, properly cared for, is as profilable asthe Florida orange trrove. Hoth rerpMrc years of eultivalion and care. IT is a wcll-eslablished fact that a cow should never he drivcn faster than a walk, never worried by dogs nnd n'.wuvs treated gently whilc being milked. RtCtlMKSS and tenderness are essen- tlal qnalUlei in vegettbles, and these can only be obtained when the nowtta is hastenrd by a very higb state of fcrtility. TBI butter cow is a ncrvous nnimal, and to cet the best results we must give hcr thc bcst of carc. Kindncss, srentle ncss, cvcn friendsbip, thc cow ought to receive as her duc. " WllY should (iermanv, in the hcart of Barope, send bcet sugar by thc mlllion tons to tho farmers and me ihanics of the Uotted Statcs V nsks an BX hans;c. Does she ? Dr. BaBCOOX of the Wisconsin Kx periment Station agrces with us in bc lltrlDg that thc theory that cream rises bcst on a falling tcmierature is falsc. A low itattonary tcniperature is best. RKCKin sales of Jersey ca'tle show that bolton) jiriccs have been reached and the reaction from an unhealthy cx citement is at its zero. It is n time for farmers and dairynien to pick up stock. HrsTY cans or pails should never be used, as the Iron will absorb and retain a portion of the milk, which can not be, removed by Washing and SOaldlng, and will be very likelv to taint the new milk. THERE have been more improve mcnts in the implonients of agricuU lural Industty, in the aL'encies of fiirm Ing and in the quallty of stock, in the past forlv ycars than in the previous 0,000 years". THERE is no doubt that better calvcs are made by hand-raising, or that they are more economically raised, for the oonsnmption and amonnt of their food can be perfectly regulated. The ad ditlonal labor is very little. YOUNG bulls of the improved breeds are sold at a very low fiirure compared with their real value, and farmers who have dalry herds can grade up their stock at a vcry low cost by securiug the males when they are young. Rf.CENT experitnents in England show that whole whcat, at the rate of three-ipiarters of a pound for each sheep, is not only a safe cereal food, but one of the best, and at current prices for wheat one of the cheapest. THE grcat stride of progress must be made in the ilirection of fine buttet making. People will eat good butter. We have not bcgun as yet to develop the market for llne goods, Iuferior pr lonc kcpt goods are nol now wanted. DEFECTIVE, shorl-sighted civiliza tion can not bear the strain of proper tty without seri ous hurt. Hence ex tvavagant cbildren aud gran'dcbildron soon waste the fortuncs of Industrious, shrewd business mcn which they in herit. "THE Boston Herald statcd the case too stronglv when it said that cidcr fre quently stands between thc farmer and bankruptcy," ohserves thc New Eng land Farmer. That depends upon how the rather equivocai remark is un derstood. The breeder should not onlyalm to keep u)i the purity and cxcellency of the breed, but should cnduavor to lm prove it. The nnimals sclected for breeding should unite in themsclves all the good qualities we wish toperpetu ote in thc offspring. IF it were possible lo collect the mil lions of BgrlcnlturiatS scattered all over our country into one uniicd, systetnatlc organlzatlon, demandingaprotection of their riirhts und inti rests, it wouid pri;- sent such a formldable pow er as toover wbelm all opposltion, Tiik stroiiLr points of a .Terscy cow are her abiUty to couvert her food Into rich milk in paylng quantities, to continue this all the year around. hcr docility, health and general thrlft all combining to render her par excellena thc faniily or dairy cow. Any of the standard butter colors may be used, when fresh, without had effect on the flavor. Those made with oil need not neccssarily have any gerru of rancidity in thcmi but thc butter inaker of course must be on his guard agalnst danger in this way. LABEL8 on trees, if left as they come from the nursery, will, bv their wires, as tne urancnes eniargc, m timc causc strangulation. Serious damage is often done to trees in this way. On niild days go over the trees and remove any labcls that are Hkely to do damage. THE main object of cultivation should be to keep the surface soil, to the depth of one or two inches, iu a loose, friable coudition, so that the air may have easy access to the roots of the plants, while at the same time the moisture is prevented from toorapidly evaporating. " INTELLIOENT farmers are waking up and Struggllng foranewlight aud better ways, and that community or state which neglects to participate iu this great industrial revival will soou ex perienoe what is meant by the 1 survival of the flttMt,' " says the iotca Hegister. Thk utility of self-opening gates is more and more appreciated. The man coming home in the rain, or with resi less horges that are not safe to leave, women and aged people that can not get out of vehicles easily, thc man on a load of hay in fact everyhody says this is the gatethat is really convenicnt . Hi'M anity has never been pro tected while working in competitlon with steam-power and water-power. You can not grant such protection Without changing the prescnt relations of labor and capital. Duties on iin ported goodB hardly touch the ques tion. The competition is born on our own soil. The amount of moisture in the soil, avallable to plants, is a matter of itn portance to us as cullivatorsof the soil. F'ertilltV depends upon moisture in the soil. A soil may berich in every other element requircd by plauts, may be a mine of nitrogcn, phosphoric acid, pot ash, ItO.i yet if it lacks a suftloient amount of moisture it is sterile. Tiik Unrnl Nm-Yorkr.rt.tixr, that ex perlmentS in Franoe show that frozen milk can be transportcd with the ereat est case, and that when thawcd out after days or even weeks in a frozen state it retains all the charaoteristics of fresh milk. A number of experts attemptcd to pick out the thawcd milk from specimcns that had never been frozf.n, but failed. Tiik times betweon milking should be as nearly oqual as possible. Tin pnils should be used and kcpt scrupu iously clean. Care should be taken to olean the udder and adj.iccnt parts of all loose dirt before bcginninsr to milk the cow. You kncw that well enough before, didn't you, reader? You don't know ii well tniuoh unless you are striclly living up to it. Plants get nearly all their drink from below, not from above their roots. During the growing scason cvaporation from the irround vcry nearly or quite equals thc rain-fall. Yery few rains sink in the ground as far as the roots of plants during the growing season. Thc plants are suppliod by the ground watcr. The rains do good by prevent- I ing the loss of this by evaporation. Tiik general features of regulating moisture supply to plants by cultivation are, lirst, to break up, pulverizc and somcwhat compact thc ground early in thc scason, before the crop is planted; if the moisture brought to the plants is excessive, cultivate deep: if only what is necded,and espeeially if it is desired to conserve the stores of moist ure, cultivate shallow and frequently. MtLK is the grandest product of liv ing nature. It is an incomparable compound of cream, curds and sugar, wilh just water cnousrh to circulale them througb lacteal glands, veins and arterles, New milk in great abund ance means a pleuty of fat pigs, lambs, calves, colts, kids and poultry. With this increase of live stock comes in crease of manure, grain, fruit and vegetables. ('. S. PAINE of South Randolph, Vt., writes to tho Mirror and Farmer that he is satisfied that potato scab in some of its forms is caused by insects. Mr. Paine is right; and the insects who do j it are of the wire-worm class the larvio of the "spring" or "snap" bcetles. These beetles lay their eggs in manure, and dunged' land is apt to be infectcd with them. I'se bone and ashes to manure your potato land. Tin: man who is raising a colt for his own use will find it to his advan tage nol to pamper it. The colt that has " roughcd " it on much pasture, plenty of good fodderand hay.no grain ai all the lirst winter and not too much the second, with the free useof pasture and fleld (even in winter, except iu time of storm), water whcnevcr he wants it and plenty of salt, will make by far the most servicoable horse. Editoh Oilbert of the Maine Farmer, whose bead stands yerylevei on his shoulders, remarks that "much as wc may feel chagrined and disgusted at the non-appreciation of our inter- i ests on the part of those who pull the ! wires and weld the rings in polltical manoeuvering, yet farniers can but admit, if they are candid and stop to study the situation, that they them- selves are in a large rueasure at fault in the matter." As long as the vital energy of an annual plant is still cssentially spent in : thc increase of its size, but a compara tlvely small amount if valuable organic : compounds, as starch, sugar, etc, ac cumulates within its cellular tissue. 1 The comparative feeding value of the same kind of foddcr-plants is not to be mcasured bv its siz?, but by the quan- tlty of valuable organic nitrogenous and non-niirogenousconstituents stored up in its cellular system. Thk true idea in cleanslng dairy utensils is to get all thc milk off anil out of the pails, etc, before scalding. Boiling watcr se.ems to cook milk, cream and buttermilk on to and into the utensils, and thcn, like any other milk SUbstanoe, there is a ch.ange soon that imparts its had inllucnce to the suoceeding messes of milk. As be tween all hot or all cold water to wash dairy Qxtures. take the latter. with a little salt, and far better results will follow. As to rennet, says an cxperienced cheese-makcr, if the sto'iiach of the ealf be turned inside out immediately upon its removal from the animal aud the contents stripped off it by the thumband linger, its coagulating power is unlmpalred, The best method of preservation, undoubtedly, is to stretch it upon the elastic withe after rubbing it in dry salt. Such a rennet is sup posed to gain strength by lapse of time, but I have not discerned any particular difl'ercnce in well-managed skins. One is rated to coagulate 3,000 jiounds of milk. .1. B. YValkkk, Concord, N. II., holds that upon good grass land hay may be grown upon a one-hundred-acre farm as a specialty, give employment to man and team tlie entire summcr season and pay a fair perceutage upon the iu vestment. He would plow and reseed once iu tive years, applying five cords of manure per acre, sowing pure seed and cultivating the top live inches as thoroughly as for a garden. His staud ard yield is from two and one-half lo three and one-half tons per acre. Would plow one year before the land seems to need if, and never half do anything. espeeially half manure. Al ways seeil in autuiiin, as annual weeds are then killed by frosts before doing harm, THK London Stamford publishes the statement that England annuallv buys of foreign countries, principally France andpartly Belgium, eggs to the value of sl.-,,()ini,oiMl. I ii addition, ilio, countries export large nuiubers of fowls, domeslic aud wild, to I ngland annually, for which higb prices are in variablv paid. The statement is also made that these eggs and poultry are gatbered from the aniall farmers of France and other continental coun tries, and that the hope for home sup ply is in fostering similar small farmers in England, In other words, the hope for agricultural thrift and prosperity in England must be in future small hold ings of land with resident owners till iug tbeiu.