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VERMONT WATCHMAN & 8TATE JOURNAL, WEDNE8DAY, JUNE 12, 1889.
AVKDNKSDAV, JUNE 12, 1880. Corrupt PolilicRl Methods. 'Tlie leaaons of history and the fate of frce states cnn never be sufllcientlv pondered by those upon whom so large and heavy a reaponsibility for tbe main tenance of ralioual hunian frecdom resta." 'With thc statcmont of tliiH pertineut truth Senator Edmunda bo gins, in the June Forum, an impressive tliscussiou of the queations, " To what exteut is it wise und proper to reward politieal workers? HoW cau the use of nioney iu clections be suppressed?" It is clear that Mr. Edmunda is not dis oussiug thesc questions from the pes situiat's poiut of view. His mind is not onc to be strickcu with pcssimism. Nor is he a man to waste his time in chasing a will-o'-the-wisp. Ilis inental f'aculties are iu too healthful a condi tion and his tltne and energies are too actively and usefully employed to udinit of a auggestion that, in this article, he has been devoling either his mind or his strength to the occupatiou of an alarmist. Evideutly he is convinccd that, to statc it tnildlv, "the busiucss of politics is too oftou chiefly carried on by those wbose ends are j)urely per soual," and that " the developmenl of corrupt nieaus and melhods in reapect of the elecliou of the luw-makers and of the executors of the law hasat least kept paee with the growth of popula tiou and material advancement iu our favored repul)lie as well as elsewhere." Ile is uot one of the class that be lieves tlie worhi has growu worse aud is iu decadenee, but linds that in spite of all the light, advantages and ini proveuients of the times the choice of public ollicers "coutiuues to be in an iucreasiug degree greatly iullueuced, and often conlrolled, by soinethiug far olher thau an idea of the geueral pub lic welfare." This hapj)ens parllcularly in states aud districts wliere opinions or purposes are closely balanced aud the hope of somc personal gaiu in cash to a small percentage of voters sullices to turn the scale,and the geueral result is greatly inllueuced by the expeelation of a few active workers that, " if sue cess shall come to their side, they will receive plaees of power aud emolutuent as the spoil for which they conteuded. A ton of ' work ' plua a pound of flt uesscquals 82,000 a ycar." In a popu lar governmeut tlie rcal judgiuent aud opiuion of the body of the people are supposed to control the selection of public offlcers, whose duty it is, uuder the law,to put iu force the geueral will. But if enough votes are bought and sold, on one side or ou the olher, to control the result of au electiun, there is no louger auy cffectual public judg iuent or opiuion; the republic is to fare well or ill according as a coru modity the bought and sold votes happens to have been more largely purchased by one party or the other; and this commodity thus beeoines the controlliug force iu the making aud ex ecution of the laws. Briefly stated, these are Mr. Kdmunds' premises. In the way of particulars, recent presidential clections are ciLed iu which party divisious iu several states have beeu so closc that the purchase of a coiuparatively siuall nuinber of votes could easily turn the scale, aud it can be assurued to be an uudisputed fact, the writer says, that the temptatlon lo purehase votes has beeu yielded to by the active ruanaging ageuts of both the great politieal partleB, A similar ternptatiou in such cases has also ex cited aud borne its evil fruit in false aud illegal registratiou and iu false returns of votes actually east. Mr. Kdmunds speaks of tlie dull moral seuse that would justify such praclices on the ground that great iuterests of public safety aud welfare are at stake. Others seem to consider polilics as a kiud of warfare, aud the Oppoiing party a pub lic cncmy whoui it is justiliable aud praiseworlhy to overcouie by practices that are allowable in war; aud persous who hold these views of polilics aud politieal inethods consider the plaees of public trust and cruolumcul as the spoil of war, and theinselves, as the leaders in such methods of strategy and combat, eutiiled to the largcst part. With great clearuess aud with judi cial impartiality Mr. Kdmunds hau re viewed uupleasant phaees of reccut po litieal history. If tbe prevaillng politi eal inethods are defensible, he says, they should be fully discussed aud mude kuown, and if they are good for the re public the people ought to be couvinced of it. After cvery elecliou the meani employed to secure a victory ought to be fully reported, tbe moueys raised duly accouuted for, and the bribes, the bribed aud the makers of false returns conipensated in honors and enioluiiients aecordiug to the degree of their activity aud suceess. Iu this cunueclion, he adds: It umy btt I estiiuatncl that ITN In thn last i'ni...i -II, i.i n tbe attantion and inUjrust of tlio nuy of tlievoturs were, uiuru t liun iihuhIIv uxeitml liy legitiiuate inie.st iou.i it great publio polioy, and wbaupnaama My, therefore, u larger proportion would vote aooordlng to thelr own opinioni timn in tiniwM of oomp 1 1 utivi apatliy, aioru tlntn $,000,1101) woh raiHuil uiiil uxiiuuluil for what aru oallad polIUoal . atui, aftur uiakint; lilwral itllowanru for tlie x pnnMot I'in ulatiiiK iloi iiiiionts, of bolding Iiublio iuiwtiiis, of prooaiiloaf, bannnrii lauils md torchuH, aiul all tliu otluir ipso- taetilar parta of tlm groat drama, thnrA DUlt liavn MflH a vcry large huiii ntmalnlni; that was Hpent for piUpoMf Whloh liotli f.lio laws and tln; gnneral moral sensn of tlio nation OondamBi Uut liowever dnpreiwliig tliuse tliingn are to those who bellovo in a govarnment raally of the people and for the peopla, I hey nre onlvthe ndlMM rrpetilioiiH of history, and they should not prOOUOt ilis- oouragMnenti bnt siiouiii rouse tho great body of CIUMni, to whntever party they niiiv belongi to a more earnest study of the oailtM thai leadtotucb events aml iniim earuest and persistont eff-jrts to oradirate tlicin. Thc principal causes of these politi eal methods Mr. Kdmunds linds, first, iu the intensily of party feeling which tempts citizens who have no personal ends to scrve to think that they cau excuse thenisclves to theinselves for resortiug, in order to overthrow the party enemy, to practices which they would consid :r dishonorable and crim inal as bet ween man and man. Finally, they comc to consider, if they think about it at all, that principles of moral ity have no application to politics, and that, as regards tlie penal laws of tlie couutry, it is meroly a question of uot being discovered in the violation of them or, if discovered, of Qndlng prosecuting Offlosri that will ignore or Wink at their offense. Another class of cilizens is nol enibanassed with tbe possession of any particular principles. They go into politics for what can be made out of the campaigo if their party wius, and when success is achieved they expcct to have their reward and intiatently demand it. They are re warded not as a recognilion of charac ter, capacity and palriolic public serv ice, nol as the best selection to execule a particular public trust, but as the de manded payment for the work they have done. " Fortunatcly for the pres ent and future of our country," Mr. Edmuuds assures the people, " only a very small proportion of the people re gard such a state of thitigs with satis faction." The people Undoubtedly wish their public servants to be selccted for their character and for their eapacity to fuliillthe dutiea imposed upon them. They do not wish to pay their politieal worker with a public place he is uu suited to lill, whlle they are glad to recognize the unsellish politieal activ ity of upright and capable nieu by iu trusting them with public duties they are capable to perform. White Mr. Edmunda does not exjiect that the thirat for the power aud proliis of place will ever be much diminiahed, he believes its gratifleation cau be re pressed ic just the proportiou that the moral seuse of the people in regard to theelective olhcers, aud that of the ap pointlng power in respect of the other ollicers, can be roused iato firm and vigorous exercise. The people, he affirme, taking the country all together, protect theinselves iu this respect, in the electiou of their own offlcers, to a greater degree, in proportiou, thau those selecting the appoiutive ollicers have thus far been euabled to do. At this point, bearing directly ou familiar phases of thecivil service reform agita tiou, Mr. Kdmunds says: A great part of the tiuni of a president and nia beada of department, that needa to bngiren t j public tnatteri of general lm portance, ia abaorbed in deeidlng between the COntllOtlng demanda of many politieal workers for plaees that all together do nol amount to one-tantb of the nutnberof ap plieants, eai h one of whom is disanpointed that he has not heen taken before all his fellows. And all are displeased in OOUimoH It any old inonmbent no mattw bowper fectly be majr be diaobargina the dmiex of nu omoe, no matter bow atoadily he may have refrained froin " pernieiuiis ac tivity," no matter how bigh his cbaraeter, no mat ter bow well the public interest is proiuoted by his service is not at ouee disiuis.sed, iu order that eaeh one of the ( laini.ints lnay oompete for the prise of the vaoanoy. S'e bave bad brave deolarationa of virtue aml good Intentiona on this aubjeol troui all po utioal partiea for aome years, but the per formanoe has, so far, fallen ibamefull; short of such professiuns. ndeed, these promisesand deolarationa have been treated, after eleetions, with rihald and tyste&tatio contempt. Nobody in a republic Uor should be in tavor of an ofnee-bolulng class; but as tbe great bnlk of the .small adniiniatrative einploynients are those involving no polloy of governruent, and merely call for the ex ereiso of particular and atriotly-deflned busineaa work, it is diffloultto suggesl upon what ground tbey should ba treated differ- ently from other business eiuployineiits iu tli' country in respect of which the cties tion of the politieal opinions of those em ployed is almost never heard of. It woulu be an RStonlabing speetaele, and oue every hody WOUld OODOemD, if at every ehange of dlreotora in a great railroad or manufactur ing corporatiou all the station-agents, an gineers, linemeu and operativea should he dismiaasd, in order to niuke jilaces for sue ccssors whose politieal or other opinions were Hiipposed to he like those of the new board of dlreetors. Tlio busiuess of the governmeut is of commou interest to every one of it eiti.ens, and tu be syceesB ful it luust bo eonduetod upou the saioe principles and by the saiue geueral methods that are found to he wisu aud adequate in nrivate atTairs; and in these the iiiuii would be thought demented who shoulil niaintain that the views of the statioii-agents, or eli- gineera, or taotory workmen, ou the subjeol of protectlon, or vromao suffrage, or auv other of the iiiestions of public OOnsidsra tion, make them any more or less tltted for, or entitled to, smployment. As illuatratlng " the ribald aud sys tematic contempt" with which declata tious of virtue and good Intentiona, in respect of this reform, have been treated after election, Mr. Kdmunds refers to the letter of l'resideut Cleve land tofleorge W. C'urtis, December ."Id, 1885, and tbe oonfidential olreular of Postmaster-general riias to demooratic oongressmen, issued in the following Muy. n siite, however, of delusive lmpes and broken proinises, he linds that sonie real ptogress lias been made iu the improvement Of. the civil service, and says there is fair ground for hope. that before many yeurs the great body of civil appointmenU in the nation, as well as iu the states of the milton, will ceaae to he the sjioil for which purlics contend. With this reformalion there will naturally cuine a ditninulion of re- lated evils. Mr. Kdmunds proposea various remcdics for the evils he out- lincs, and, discuBsing them somewhat at length, sunitnarizua them as followa: (1) Improved registratiou laws, ailminis tered by Intelligenti reputable nad re iponaibla man taken from aii partiea, (9) Tho eleetions to he eondueted hy oftl- oera of the blgbaat obaracter and abllity, taken from all partiea, under provisioiis which shAll secure the pilvaey of the voter and the secrecv of his hallot,aud at the aame tlme shaii secure truth, equality and Jtistioe in the eomluet of theelective offloea, (1) The puhllc OanvaH of the votes wit- nessed by representatives of all parties, and the puhlication of full nccouats of election expenses. (t) Tlie tinal returns to be cauvassed lu the aame way. (r) Proviaion for the prompt haaring and deoialon of dlsputed queatloua by the oourts, (li) The punlahment of false aud illegal registratioli, briliery in COnnectlon with registrations or eleotlona, aiding or abetting hrihery, or attempting or eonspiriiig to hrihe, or to reuister or to vote lllegally. (7) Moro strnigeiit ipialilleations of jurors. (S) Oaths by all psMOHS proposlng to reglster, all voters at the elecliou, and all persous oleeted or elalming election, that they bavi: not heen guilty of, or aiiled in any way in, false or illegal registratiou or voting, hrihery, or attempting orconspiring to bribe, or making false canvasses or re turns. (!) A large limitation of the InfluS of for- eignera, aml of the naturalltation tbereof, and more perfeet serutiny iu admlttlng to naturalization. (10) And last, but far from least, the bet ter Sdnoatlon Ol the voters and their ehil dren an educatlon ini liidiug the essential truth that every citi.eu of the republic Iu tOWDi distrieti Olty, state or nation Is per BOnally a real faetor for good or ill in the great atttn of the general welfare; that his own opiuion the best effort of his mind and hearl is the solo tiuo gttlde forhiui; and that, iu spite of con upl teinptations, or the hlare of tmupeta, or the tlatnes of torohea, or the axoltementa of oonteat or victory of one party oi another, his mlaalOO for himself and his obildreD is to follow the light that his knowledge aml his couseieiiee percelve, and not that of auy other man. To the great liumher of tiiose iu our couu try aud every other a nutuber great aud Increaaing who have faitb iu the provl denoe of Qod, the pathway of tbebuuian race grows hrighter and clcarer. Atibcrtiscnxcnts. bbcrttscmcnts. JOHHSONS LINIMENT Vnllke An Other. As nilK'h por 1TF.KAL on KXTKBNAL ue. Many p ople do not know thia. Tbe ICoat Wcnderful Ttmily Esmedy Erer taown. VFotUtvelj CUrei Dlphllu rla, Crfuin. Asthm.t, Bronchttlf, Neurmlgla, RheumatUm, T.narH. nisH,. t ini.'ii- whooping Cougn, ratnrrh, Cnolera Mor bui ikinrrliirn. BoiatlcAi Lame Hm-k RnasoreneMin Body or umba. Ntps uflammatloii in Out nunw, aihl' Hrillt'H Ri'lt.-vrn all Cruniiw aii'i ChflU Hkn miurio. Prloe, BScU. iwst pald 1 6 bottles, 3. Bxpreai I.rt'puUi. I. S. JOHNSON & C'O., BOStOH, 7 PER CENT FIRST MORTGAGE LOANS Oj IiBproved city PiopertT. Save Your Hair BY a timaly use of Ayer's Ilnlr Vlgor. This preparation has no equal as a dressing. It keeps the scalp clean, cool, and hcalthy, aml preserves the color, fullneSS, and beauty of the hair. " I was rapldly becoming bald and cray ; but after uslng two or three bottles of Ayer's Hair Vlgor my hair grew thick aml gloss.v and the orlginal color was restored." Melviu Aldrlch, Canaan C'entre, N. II. " Sonie time ago I lost all my liair In conseiuence of measles. After due Waiting, no new growth appeared. I then used Ayer's Hair Vigor und niy hair grew Thick and Strong. It has apparently come to stay. The Vigor is evldcntlv a great aiil to nature." J. B, Wiiiiams, Floreavllla, Texaa, "I have used Ayer's Hair Vlgor for the past four or flva years and flnd It a pOSI satisfaetory dressing for the hair. It is all 1 could desire, being harmless, causiug the hair to retain its natural color, and requtrlng but a small quantlty to render the hair inisy to arrange." Mr. M. A. Baiiey, .' Obarlea street, Haverhill, Mass " I have been UHiiii Ayer's Hair Vipor for several years, and hclieve that it has ca ied iuv hair to retain its uatnral color." Mra, H .1. Ktng, Dealer in Dry liood, &c, BlsbopvUle, Md. Ayer's Hair Vigor, I'HKI'A HED BT Dr. J. C. Ayer & Go., Lowell, Mass. 8uld by Llrugglita auu ParfumirA SUMMER HOMES ItV THE SOUNDINC SEA. The niiuMflinvc c n unt- nf llitim Cninpanjr'l famoui OUITAIIS, BaNJOia, mammii.Ins is alwayi tu iiiiIik'ii h Ith ttie ri'Mtful plt'ieoire of ntini incr aayi ie luniniar pleaiaiil plaoai, Din'l 20 t u mutlc-leM houia t TakawlthTon ooeof onr itntit, portabte nusloal Initrmnantil Hviinfinablu und nnmt eitjoyiitile mtislc look.s re: ( 01,1,1 (.1 sonc.s centt), IS0.M0 aold, eoLL'lSGE som; for U m i. . jl i. (iultnr i?l ). QOOn Ol.DNONOS WE USEDTO SINOtSll. PKAKE IN KONO 1 lUcentn), Nbm Ootinl s.m TEM I'KEANC'E KAI.I.VI NO MiNliS (3Hct.). sONO HAUMoNV (Wcta 1. Kliiefour-partioiisi. POFUCAB SONO COLLECTION (Jl), iTi: I BOttRi. son; '.assms ijUi. M) hiuli ,, aoaa, SONO ULASHfCH. ai.to voici: 1 1. 1; lODgt, CLAHSIC TENOR WONOM 1 WsiinKi, CL ssm BA11ITONE lill lt.s SONOS II Jl MOIlUM. I llnici: voc.M. DlfETS iili The newut. POI'UlJAB l).N I. Ml 1 COLLECTION POPVLAB PIANO COLLECTIOM (II). 21 i -. CLAsKICAL Pl ANIst -J). nieoei PIANO l l.As.NH s.sli. Uplecvi. AIm mutlo In quantlty aud varlaty tot all tnttrn inent. Sent foi oatalogneti (rae. Any ltonk or PloCH Maileil fvr Ketail Prloe OLIVER OITSON COMPAHV, Boston, Mass. UHACOUAINTEO WITH THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE COUNTRY WH.L JDTAIN MUCH INFORMATlON r'HOM A 6TUDY OF THIS MAP OF THE Adrlrefffl all Inqnlrlfti or conuiiunlfHtlonii In relatlon lo ..,.. .,ii,.. to DBj T. II. HosKina, Newport, VI. The Speckled ilen. Ilear llrother Ilen, I lake injr pen To telt you where itnil how und wtieu I found the nent of 0M Hpirkled hen. She would nevcr lay In a fo-imlhlo way, Uka other hSMi In tho harn on the hay, But here and there and every where- On tho itsMa ll ior and tlie wood li iune atalr. And onc e oti tlie ground her eKKl 1 found. Biit fattarday I ran away, With tnother'a leave, ln tho linrn lo play. Tlie auu ahone hrlglit on the aeedy floor, Aml the doven no wtitte were n pretty BtKht A thoy watked in and out of tho opeu dor, With thclr little red feot und tholr feathera noat, t 0a0ta and t'oolng more and more. Well, I went out to look aliout (In the platfonu wlde, where. da hy olde, I DOUld Hi the ptg M-ui In thelr prlde; And beyead IhSfli both, on , narrow nbelf, I aaw the apeekled ben hlde heraelf Ifehlml a pile of hoes und rakon And pleeei of bOMdl aud hrokn ntHkefl. " Ah! ba! old hen, I have found you now, llul lo Nnb your DSat I dou't know how, t'nleaa 1 oaa craep, or ellmh, or erawl Along the tdfi of the pi( pen wall." Aml wbtlo I ItOod Iu a thouglltfUl mood The ipeoklad haa asaklad load i- nhe aonld And fli-w nwoy, M much aa to aay, " Knr OBea my treuflure Is out of your way." I dldu't iTftll mouieiil then; I wouldn't he OonqttSNd by thnt old htUl llul akmg tbe odxe of the allppery lede I l arefully crept, for the Kroat iIk nlept, Aud 1 ditrod not even look to ee II they were thtliktliK of tatlBg llie. nut all ttt once. oh whnt it duuad ' I droiped iny ba.iket Into the pen MlC one you nave me, llrotber Ilen. There were two eKKN iu It, by tbe way, That I found lu the maUK'cr. under tbe hay. Then the pltfs got up and ran about, With a BftlM between a Krunt aml a ahout. And when I saw them rOOttng, rootluK, OfeOUtM I sllpped aud loffl my (OOttagi Aud tripped and Jumptd and Soall fell Rlghl dowa anong the pia peti.mell. Kor once In my llfe I wan afraid. Kor tbe door that led out Into the Ihad Wa laitanad tlghi with an iron hook And fatlier waa down lu tbe Bald by the brook, Boalng und weedliiK hll rowa of com, Aml here was his l'olly, so seared aud forlorn. Uut I eatted bln and eallad blm as loud .- I could; I knew be would bear lue he mustaml he should. " 1 1 fatber: 1 1 tatheil gat out. you old pl(' ) fatherl oh: oh:" for thelr moUltal were o blR. Then i waltad a motnenl aad salled nlm aRatn, " l) fatber. l father. I am In the Dlg-pan.1" And fatber dld hear. aud he threw down hll hoe And sei:mpered as fast as a fatber could go, The plgs had pusbed me close to the wall, And manohed up baikat, aggi and aii, And chewed my suu-hoiinet Into a hall. Aml one had rubhud bls muddy uuse AH over lny aproli clean and white. And they suutfed me and stepped ou my toes, llut badn't taken the smallest blte, When fathur opeued the door at last Aml oh, lu his arms he behl me fast. .1 Vounlry ilrl. iti The lyic. Then the different kinda could be corn Iared, and whatever benefit comea from a study of the tablea would be placed wlthln reach of the farmers in season. This year potash is higher, and the po tato manuru of sorae dealers is not much richer in potash than ordinary " phos jihate." On some soils this will show in the crop. Tho unjust aud unlawful duty of ten dollars per ton which has been collected on potash salts used aa fertilizers will not longer be levied. The attempt to form a nilrate of soda trust bas also failod and fcrlilizyrs will probably be cheajicr next year. .1. W. Nkwto.v, Stowe, Vt. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN, Money Loaned with Absolute Securily. Slxt-4n Years' KximtIcncc. We I.oan about - i .000.000 per Aiiiiinii. Have Never Lost a Dotlar in Principal or Interest. RXraBEMOBSi UOK, OHASIiBa DEWEY, l'resldent Natloual l.ifo Insujranoa Comnany! Montnalleri Vt, MANCHK81 KH SAVlSds B'K , Hanoheitar, N. 11. W. w. WARHEN II Kilbv street, Hostou. I'KOPLES TRUST 'o Karniint He. PRED W. ARNOLD, Prealdent BqultehMi Plra aud Marlue Insiirauce Contpany, I'rovhleiiee. II. I. I.OAN A THUS I' 8AV1NUS UANK. .Concord, N. 11. WOLCOTT AHIIK Kntlebl, (' i. HKNHV I.. I'HATT m Itea.le slrt-et. New Vork. REV, WARREN RANDOLPH Newport, R, I THOMPSONVILLE TRUST CO.. Thompaonv I . (;. h. AVKItll.l.. Treasurer Mllford S.ihiiks llank, Mllford. N. II. .0 ill N II. JACKSON lMttsburK. Penu. A11RAM S. KKKNCH West Towuseml. UaM HTRON WOODWARD, (XI North Thirlyseeond Street, Philadclpbla. PEN N vrTi'Ai. LIKE i.ns. CO Phlhuleiphia. e. M. BA1LEY winttiroo, Me. I I1ARLES ll.CUMINOS ,.'s Slau- sireei. n,v-ion. S. II. PUKKEU Lowell Mttt. REUNE MARTIN luWorth itreet, New V Jtlc. JAttEi i. BUTLER faanton, Ma. Ooraeapondenoe soiieiteit. W. A. BARNES & CO. Marble and Granite Works H. R. Mack, Proprietor. Bpeoial induoementa to purohaaera for the neasou of lHH'.l in Monuments. Headstones, Tabiets, Tombs, Gurbing, Posts, Etc, made froiu any variety of Marble or Granite. Good Interest-Bearing INVESTMENTS. io a-,:5.,i 'irsil-'cr- i ... - : " ' Sii ' i' c v ''"-.i a In the early days rermollt was a great wheat state. The late Judge June of Brandon told us, sixleen years ago, that iu his youth fifty bushels of wheat to the acre was a not uucomtuon crop in the Otter creek valley. And even as recently as 1884 J. C. lliee of Randolph threshed two hundred sixty four bushels of Lost Nation wheat from six acres over forty-four bushels per acre. We have ourself had crops excceding thirty-seven bushels to the acre. GREAT ROCK ISLAND ROUTE (0R. I. A I'. und C, K. V, By.) Weat. NorthwcBt and Southweat. It includet 0HICAOO. JOLIKT. HOCK ISLAND. DAVEN- POHT. DE3 M0INE8. COUMCIL ELUFFfl, WA- ' TEKTOWN, STOUX FALLS, MINNEAPOLIS, i ST. PAUL, ST. JOSEPII. ATCHISON. LEAVEN- 1 WOBTH, KANSAS CITY. TOPEKA. COLOHADC Si'ItlNOS. DENVER. POEBLO, und lumclroda ol proaperouacitics untl lowim- travcrainK vaat urouE j of tho rijhoat fiurnUna lululo iu thc wcat. SOLID VESTiBULE EXPRESS TRAINS Loactlnff all rompetitors iu nplcuclor and luxury 1 ot nccgmmodiitioiitt (dailyi between CHICAGO and COLOIIADO BPRING8. DENVER aml PU- , EBLO Similar muhmilicrnt VE8T10ULE TUAIN ! servico (dnily) botwoen CIIIOAOO nnd COUNCII. ULUFF3 (OMAHAi, and between CHICAGO nnd ; KANSAS CITY. Modcin Bay Coachea, eletrant Dininw CarH (serN'inH- deliciouH nionls at inoderntc ! prices), rentnil Kecliuiuir Clmir Care iBeats FREE) and Puluco 81eopin Cara. The direut lino to n::lson. horton. lnTTCHiNsoN, wichita, ABILENE, CALDWELL. and all points in Boutb orn Nebrunku, Kanaaa. Colorado, tho Indian Ter ritory nnd Texim. Culifornia Excuraions duily. Choii:o of routed to the PuciUc eoast. Tho Famous Albort Lea Route Runa euperbly oquipped Expreea Trains, dally, botwoen Chicapo. St. Joaoph, Atchison, Leuven worth, Kansas City, und Minneupoltn nnd St. Paul. Tbu popular tOUrlvt lino to tho uceufe resorta and h' n it uil; and llshinir frronnda of thc northwoet. Its Watortown und Bioux Falls brauch truversei tho Breut "WIIEAT AND PAIRY BELT" ol Northem Iown, Southwusteru Minnosota audant Centrul Dakota. Tho Short l.im- vlu Sonocu und Kankakoo ofTers fucilitioa totravel to and from InUiauapoliB, Ciu Linnuti und other Southern poiuttf. For Tickots, Mupa, Foldors, or deaired lnforma tion, apply at uuy Coupon Tickot OlQce, or addroaa E.ST.JOHN, E. A. HOLBROOK, Oen'l Muiluuur. Oonl Tkt. & Pusa. At CinCAQO. ILL. An Alburgh correspoudent writes: " The seasou is aboui two weeks earlier than usuul. Grass never looked better al this time of the year, and the pros pect is good for a bi' crop of hay. The cold, raiuy weather duriug the two weeks past have not been good for tbe early-sown grain,and there is eonsider able to sow yet. The worms have early stripped the apple-treea of their leavea, The trees seem to be alive with them, and iti many cases thev have Btripped the leavea from the amaller frufta, Tbe town has bought a Cham pion road-machine. Theroads are in had abape aud need something of tlie kiud lo put them in order." ARE C YEARS" CIGHT PKH ( i :M' I'ii j-t MortmuMMi J St iin iiimu.ii Intereit.ou tba rtohi Iowprlo6d 0 EUvvi v.ttiiy Bad I'rnlrle Laudi at Nnrtli Texu. a rutCion imw kcIIIIiik and dfvtliiitc vcry iuiidly- Mairi MMTi MDplf MOnrMj ten per 'ni Itet. CpUrt-hOIIMi I'., ..I und JaJI ItnmU nr A. 1 ixih ('miniten uim tu BftMDj Uve to twfntv tvnd iian tu tifly yt-urH, Ht x per eent tutereitt, nrtyrtlth' an niiidly. I'rniriuul ud intereKt uf nli MOtintlM p7' blt tu Nnw Yurk. Nu i InlliH fur t lif pruhtulilf iiMit uf iitriiUiH Hilt;tl. Twetily twu yearit' rt'sideui'e ll.iit F.iHtern und 'I'HStiH refr iMieen. Mhii und I'lreulurH uf intn, md ioul- bnlidN iiud m , ; i . mulletl Irue JOHN Q.JAMK8, WlohlU KalN. Tvxn For Sale. An NtftbUtbMl (Nirnt-r QfOMnf jflfj Provitlon stord. BKtablUbad (wentytivi years; owfa trwiej oxoeptioualopportuuUy; frortb) your Atteatlon, A.ddreu Montana BMf N., Itostun, Curuer North uiitt Vivtit Strtcts. yoa a BiuTerer frtnn thut tlred feeling ao eoinmoa at thia seuson of the yeur. When, after the tenalon of u Iouk wlnter the whule ayatetu needa purlfying and iuvlKurutimi? ANTI-APOlM.Ei'TINE ll tlio .:i. u!--i Illuod Purliler, Syateui Iuviuraior und Oenerul Touic known. Examlne thi.H llst of aymptums whleh Indleate Itb u&e : DlnlfiMti 1'rot.sure lu Heud, Spots Ik-fure Eyea, l'uin Aruind or L'alpliatiou of tho llcurt, I'.un Aruiiud Heari vilh FeelinK of aufftH'atJon, IUukIiik Suuudn iu Ears, N'uinbneaa or Prlekly Sengutiona of Llnibh, Pala Between Hhoulderri, ln Side, ln Small uf BMk unl Hip, HIk Colored Urlue wltti Smurtlng beu- aatiou ou Voldlog Urlue. YOU can le eured of the abuve hyiuidoma hy tuklnfi ANTI- VI'OJ'KKCTINE We bftVt the mw Uoltfld teHtlinonlaN uf thuiiaudi whu have be-n 0Ufd Of PitrulvMltt, HttTt Plt tlti Kheu attMBi Kivcr Comp Iti lui "uf LoilgStoncUllg' Kidiii-y uiul llludiler Truublra r fMflDu rmtloOi IyitpepHln, BetfctlOBi und (enrnil Urbllily, Ar, i ol Ainullle, Suur Siuuiiieb und Flul u lence, (hree euiuinun di order we guaruntea iu euru with one bottlo ol ANTI-A rori.Ki TIM'.. Sold hy your dru Kiu. 91 .00 a boitlo I "i botUoi Mf9a ' tu DU. F. S. nUTCHINSON A CO., Kuorihurh 'u11h, Vt., (or tenUiuonlulH und ein ularK reKurdiuK jVHBOdjP that will euro that feollng uf bclug TIRED? FOR SALE. A ni, , iniu.ti hihi fmir aorM 11 iimti, oaa-fourtta ii ,i niua fruoi m i iw Unruay Mbool-nouaa in Oalalt, tu alota ui nu - .,1. a iiii v in J. V. It KKST. AimlmUtmtr. I ululi, VI. Commerolal FerUlliert. Mr. Editor: I am much iotereated iu tbe agrioultural department of the Watchman, and found the issue of Mav S eapeoiallj Interesting. If "ou a turned aod com needa no oitrogen," then ii is not best to use either stable manure or uitroguuoua superphos pbatea that is, fertilizera oontaining oitrogen, Yet 1 do uot supjiose there ure a dozen a':res of corn on sod in Ver mont (I bad almost said iu New Eng land) that are not fertilized with ma uures or fertilizers containint' nilroyeu. Iu auy case, if one spreads manure and tben puts fertillzer in the hill, the fer tilizer does not need to coutain uilro gen, except it may be iu special cases; but all our ready-made fertilizers cou tain nitros;en aud farmers have to pay for it. There ought to be demand enough for a fortlllzer made up of phosphoric acid and potash to lead some manufac turer to put such a braud of goods upon the market. The simple truth of the matter is, farmers do not kuow enough about these thins to demand such a grade of fertilizers; but they are rap idly getling educated, at least many of them are, aud the faster they learn tbe better it will be for their pockets. There is one aouree of fertility which ruauy farmers too much neglect.aud that is dover. 1 think fewof us balfrealiid its value, either as good for stock or manure for the soil. Clover coutuius tbe eostliest elemenls of feed aud fer lilizer. its roots reach down deep into the soil, briug up plant-food autl make it availahle for future crops. Clover-seed is cheap; a dollar and a half will buy enougb to aeed an acre. rVabea and plaater, or fertilizers wilb a much larger percentage of potash than tbe oommoo branda, are a great belp iu getting a good oatob, Commerolal fer- lilizers have their U8e, but farmers need to guard against their abusc. if ;t man bai to buy arllflcla manures 111 order to gel l'ooiI crops, he is placed, toa oertalo extent,at a aiaadvantage in his oompetiliou with those who do not have to pay out mouey for fertilieis. The hap-hazurd way of using fertilizerB iuvolvea loss; their intelligeut uae inings proflti Vermont is the lirat itate. so far as 1 have seen, to get Iti fertillzer analyses before the farmers. To be of much use to farmers, the com position of the fertilizers ueeds to be placed before them by the middlo of May, aud better, by tho end of April. Frulis for CoU tllmatea. T. II. Hoskins of Verrao:;l says, in dartlen and FortSt, that as a rule a fruit tree should be a varietv that will endure all weathers in the plnce where it is plauted. It must be hartly enough to stand thetestof winter; otherwise, just when thc owncr is lookinir for a first full crop he may llnd oulya dead tree. Kxperience has proven that the fruit trees of westeru Kurope and their seed lings will not, as a rule, endure the winter climatc of similar latitudes on the Anierican continent. Allof Europe north of Home is north of Iloston. lloslon is nearl.v the extreme north limit of the peacb, plum, quince and apricot; and of the applei and pears of Nortluvestern Kurope very few can be planted with proflt more than one hun dred miles north of Uoston. Seedlingg from these do not, as a rule, show more resistance to cold than their parents. So seldom do they that those of us who have had most experience at once Mispect that such a seedling is an acci dental cross with a hardier variety, like those of Itussia and Sibcria. The Kussiau tree-fruits are un doubtedly of hybrid origin. Those of Toland and the Baitlc I'rovinces are much mixed, and less of this blood is found ; and in the valley of the Volga and the sleppe regiou the lnfluenoe of North Asia sfock preponderates. It is from these trees that we get our most perfeet " irou-clads " of all the tree fruits. Our uortheastern states and prov inces require hardiness airainst cold alone; but in the prairie states this is ; not enough. intense summer heat and drought and the fatal sap-blight must also be encountered there, and trees for that reglon must thus be triply clad. The fruits of the Hussian aud A-datic steppes furnish the be9t material to meet these coutingeneie8. As New England lies mosily ou the latitudes of iSoutheru Europe, ao t lanada lies inostly on the latitudes of Kussia and Siberia. Not only elimate, but the length of seasons and of days, should be cousidered iu estimatiug the value of fruit-trees. The winter apples of Kussia are many, but south of forty tivc degrees they are only early winter or full sorts. This lcsseiis their value for our northem states; but as they can be grown among our teuder loug keepers, there is a fair probability that irou-clad crosses can be obtaiued that will prove loug-keeping below latitude forty-five degrees. TJnqueatlonably many Kuropean trees are, iu their eeedllnga. gradually adapt ing themselves to the Anierican elimate. The law of the survival of the tittest is all the time iu operation, and inter ested parties are Qndlng along the northern limit of our orchard region (and even witbin it) seedling varieties which show unusual resistance against cold. After tryiug several hundred of tbe hardiest apples of Southern Maine, New Hampshtre, Yermout aud Massa chusetts iu vain, and after coming to believe that there were no irou-clads among Massachusetls apjiles, it was ac eidentally discovered (at the ceutennial, 1 believe) that an apple wbicb I had received from ( anada as the Slrawberrv of Moutreal is really the Foundling which originated ln Groton, Mass. Now that an interest has beeu aroused by tbe practical successes already altaiued, bardy aeedlinga are being sought out and tested all along our northern bor deri and iu C anada, Scott's Winter is oue of the apples thua obtaiued, aud though not au apple of high quallty or large size, it is a reliable keeper and a uaeful fruit uot only in Iteelf, but as a beacoti of hope. A9 for the pears and stoue fruits, the future is pretty secure, uot only from the Improvement of our uative apeciea, but in ibe importation of the highly aatilfaetory Kussiau, Sibe riau.aud North Cbinese varieties. I see no reasou to doubt that by discov eries already made the orchard region ou this continent can be extended from two to three degrees of latitude north- irard, That this la a wooderf ul gain, aa the result of scarcely two decades of effort, is manifest, aud there is moreto come, for ihe work is scarcely beguu. Can This he Truly Tbus The A'ew York Examiner'i Wash ington correspondent tells the follow lng atory about the new seeretary of agriculture : Ou Tuesday morning, May 7th, (ieneral Kusk, the new seeretary of agriculture, passed his civil service exannnatiou iu niowiug. It all came about as lollows: As the carriage was driviug through the arborelum, north of the departmeut bulldlng, the secretary's eve fell upon a group of mowers clipping the grass. tkuick aa a drop-shulter he sigualed to the driver to stop, and the great. stal wart form aligbted from the vehicle. " Glve me that scvihe aud 1 will show you how to inow," saitl he to one of ihe riahmen, Buitlng the aotioo to the word, he seized the glitteriug inijile luent. There is u grave differeuce of opiuion among tlie live IriabmeD upuu the queation nrbetberthe aecretary apat on his bands. Two ol them declare point blauk that tbey watched him do that aame tbing. But, then, there were lltree of them that swear positively they did not see this, and the inajority luust he allowed to decide. However, he did seize the scythe aud beud his baoki Tben, swi-i-i-i-i-sh, swi-i-i-i-i-sh, he moweil u mighty swuth, until his brow was wet with DOMal IWeat, und his face beuined with a did-you-see-me salisfaction. All the lrishmeu ugree that the seeretary, when he banded baok the scythe, wiped his mouth and looked up into one of the trees haid by, But there is no evidence that their suspicions of his lookiug for a jug were well fouuded.