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VERMONT WATCIIMAN & STATE JOURNAL, WEPNESDAY, JULY 31, 1889.
3 Thc Scribr's Koport. ()f thosc.who have scnt answers to the qucstions of July 3, " Kunico " thinks thnt Hamlet's madness was feigned for the purpose of exposing and avenging his father's murdcr, that there is too much niethod in it to be real, and that his talk when alonc shows him to be perfectly sane. " ( 'ousin Polly" thinks that his madness was feigned, in part, at least, and quotes in proof the words of Ilamlet to lloratio and Marcellus, Act I., Scene 5: " There are more tliinp in hi'avcti and earth, Horatio, Tlian are druam'd of in our pliilnsphy. Uut come; Hirc, a lwforc, never, so lielp you ineroy, How itHMf Of odd soe'er I liear niyself, As I, pcrcliain p, hltllftW sliall lliink meet To put an anti-diHposition on, That you, at Biiih tiuies soeing m', never ihall, With arms MOUBllMnd tlius, or thll licad sliake, Or by prononncing of MBMdOttbtfttl plirase, An, ' Wcll, woll, we know; ' or, ' Weeould, an if wn WOTild ; ' Or, ' If we list to speak; ' or, ' There lie, an if they mlght;' Or such ainbigUOUI glving out, to note That you know uught of me; tliis not to do, Sograce and merry at your ujost BMd hilp you, Swear." Alsothe words of I'olonius, " Though this be madness, yet there is method in't." In the former of these quola tions the more conirnon reading of the second liue is: " Than are dreamt of in in your philosophy." Richard (iraut White, who Iias made speeial study of the various readings in difTerent edi tions of Shakcspeare's works, says that this commOD rendering of the line docs not agree with the most approved tcxt of Shakespeare's tirae. Wc have taken his twelvc-volume edition of Shake speare as the standard, in accordance with which all the quotatiODfl tliat have appearcd in these colutnns have been given. Ilcnce those of you who have found your quotations slightly altered will understand that it has been for the purpose of couforruiug them to this standard. It is a good plan for young people to have a blank book in which to preserve choice quotations from standard au thors; and in sueh a book niany of the quotations we have had mlght find a place, witli space reserved for others that you will be constantly run niug across as you become more fatuiliar with the works of Shakespeare. " B. II. A." answers both qucstions of this date in what follows: " All the interual evidence of the play leads to the couclusion that the madness of Ilamlet was feigned. Ile had an un stable will which altcrnated between fitB of inactivity and excited encrgy. lie was naturally sensitive, with a re tlective mind, and his whole naturc received a shock at the queen's second marriage, the diseovery of the murdcr of his father and the injunction laid upon him to revenge that murder, a task he was ill adaptcd to perform. Partly to batlle the enemies with wbom he was surrouuded, and partly to crcate a veil behind which to hide his real self, he assumed his madness. All these circumstances conspired to throw him into a melancholv which gave his whole after-life a saddencd aspect. llis moral nature sccms to have been all right at tirst, but was shattered so that his later life was characterized by wcak moral forcc. lie albo lacks dccision to avenge liis father's death when he linally discovers beyonl doubt the proofs of the murderer's guilt. He seems to be lacking will powcr, but tinally arouses himself to the sword contest with I.aertes and the punish ment of the nialefactors. There is, however, evidence of more moral chccks in Hiimlet's career than (hatof l.aerles, who takes immeiliate opportuuity to avenge his father's death." " Cousin Polly " says, in answer to the second question: ''The charaeter of Ilamlet was that of a dreamer; lie posseesed a mind capable of lofty thoughts and Impuliea, and with his nature the times were ' out of joint.' " She then givesasentence from (ioethe's view of Ilamlet. The whole of this cbaracteriwtion of (ioethe's is so Qne that wc want to inake a soinewhat louger quotation, which, however, iu cludes hers: "Ilere is an oak tree, planted in a costlv vase which should have received into its bosom only lovely flowers; the roots spread out, the vase is shivered to picces. A beautiful, pure, noble and most moral nature, without the strength of ncrve which makes thc hero, siuks beueath a burden which it can ueither bear uor throw off; every duty is holy to him this, too hard. IIow he winds, turns, agonizes, advances and recoils, ever re minded, ever remiuding himself, and at last almost loses his purpose from his thoughts, without ever agaiu re coveriug his peace of mind." Thc followiug extracts from oue of Hamlet's Boliloquies just after the king and queen had been tryiug to per suade him to leave off mourning for his father show somewhat the iutensity of his feelings: " O, that this too, too Mlld flesli would melt, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew; Or ttiat the EverlastiiiK had not fix'd Blt OMOB 'gtlMt Mclf.NlauKhKT, (i (iod 1 ) Ood! Hnw weary, Rtale, tlat and unprofitable Heetn to mo all tho OM of this worldl Fio on't! O fie! 'tis an unweoded gnrden, That jrrows to seed; things rank, and gross in naturi', I'ossoss it merely. That it should come to this! But two montliH dead! Frailty, thy name Is woman! It Is not, nor It can not, OOfflt to good; Itut nreak my heart, for I raust hold my tongue." One thing that must be kept in mind when studying this play is thc great ignorancc that prevailed in those days, even in uominally Christian countrics like Denmark, in rcgard to the true iplrit of Christianity. To avenge thc death of a murdered father was be lieved to bc a sacred duty, even as it was among the Israelitcs in Old Tcsta ment times and among the most civil izedpagan nations. The little book rc ferred to last wcek, " The Iluman Mys tery in Ilamlet," points out many re semblances in this play to the " Elcc tra " of Soi)hocles and to Virgil's " yEneid." The author thinks that whatcvcr Shakespeare borrowed from Saxo OrammatlCUB, the lattcr must have lirst borrowed from these classics. As to the insanityof Ilamlet volumes have been written some to prove that he was insane and some to prove that he was not really so. Medical writcrs have more generally inclined to the former view; while among the best known advocates of the other theory are Richard Qrant White and .Tames HusBell Lowell, whose poetic insight in this case serves quite as good a pur pose as the scientiflc lore of the doc tors. The author of thc book already referred to Martin W. Cooke is a lawycr, and he bclieves that his theory rcconciles all these differences by making Ilamlet more a type than a person. Ile regards the play as in tended to reflect as in a mirror the inner, spiritual life of man iu this world. In other tragedies Shake speare has set forth the power of single passions that control men. In Olhello it is jealousy; in Macbeth, am bition; in Homeo and Juliet, love; in Coriolanus, pride. Uut in Ilamlet all the forces of his nature are struggling for masterv. They " counteract and eripple cach other, and although the struggle is intense and violent, the re sult is negative." For the next time: (1) On what prc tcxt was Ilamlet seut to Eugland? (') What was the real reason? (.'i) IIow did Hamlet's journey end? Address "Scribe," 18 South Loring street, Lowell, Mass. St. llei nanls, Ideal and Real. Before I saw one I always imagined the St. Barnard to be as large as a lion and strong as a bull. The picture in my youthful geography had made these impressions. When a" dog that I sup posed to be an overgrown setter was pointcd out as one of the celebrated Alpine breed, my cherished imagiua tive structurcs went clatteriug to the ground. Many a time had I in my early boyhood on a winter's night, when it was snowiug hard outside, sat before a cheerful lire and thougbt that was the kiud of weathcr when the sagacious St. Bernard patrollcd the mountain passes on the look-out for storm-bound travel ers. When some poor wretch, half per ishing in the snow, was found, his freezing blood would bc thawed by the dog's warm body and the tlask so con vehiently attached to the collar. After regaining strength I luppoaed the trav eler would mount the dog's back and the animal trot off with him to the monaatery. But it was plain that this St. Bernard (he was a crack, too), had he been large enough to carry a man, could not trot he was entfrely too Btraight in the stilles. Ii is douhtful if he could even have walked fast enough to keep himself from freezing to death on a real cold night. Forest and Stream. bbcrtiscmcnts. Carvlng Zuln Bablei When a Zulu child is lirst born it is of a light hue, and does not get the dai'ker titit of the pareuls for some ycars. As soon as it enters the world the " medicinc man " is sent for. Cou trary to thc custom of the eivilized " medicine man," he takcs uo notice whatever of the mothcr, but, devotiug himself cntiiely to the child, makes a number of small gashes in various parts of the poor infant's liody, into which he rubs medicine and goes on his way rejoicing, returning next day to inake the Ineisions deeper and rub more medicine iuto them. This sec ond operation belng performed, the child is washed and (Iricd by belng moved around in the smoke of a wood QreJ eventually being daubed all over with a red paint, which is renewed as fast as it wears off for a period of several months. Tho child is not al lowed anv natural food until the visits of the 'medicine man" are ended (this formality oflen causing seriouti ooniequencei to the offtprlng), and a few days afterward the mothcr will be seeu aliout her work as usual, with the little one strapped to her back. The Vkbbict Jnakixoub. w. D. Sult, druggist, Ilippus, Ind., testilies: " I can reoommena Electrio Bitters as the very best remedy. Kverv bottle sold has given relief in evefv case. One man took six bottles and was cured of rheumatiBm of ten years' itanding." Abraham Hare, druggist, Bellville, Ohio, allirms: "The best selling medicine I have ever handled in my twenty years' experience is Kleetric Bitters." Thousands of oth ers have added their tcBtiuouy, bo that the verdict iB unanimous that Electric Bitters do cure all disease of the liver, kldueys or blood. Only a half-dollar a bottle at any drug-store. Hotter thc; Weather Bigger the Proof. As the weather grows warm, the sale of James Pyle's Pearlinc Washing Compound rapidly increases. This proves that many womefl rocognizc rthe fact that PEARLINE makes washing and cleaning very much easier than when done with the ordin ary means, Proves also that summer clothing, belng of delicatc texturc and color, will not stand thc rough usage necessary when washed with soap, and establishes the fact that PEARLINP, in doing away with the rubbitlff, lessens the wcar and tear and fills a very important jilace. Delightftd forbathiflg in freshorsalt water. Its ineredients render it harmless to the most delicatc skin. Especially dtiring the hot weather it is to your am antage to use PEA R I . INE, and only humane to supply your servanta ys'ith it, and thus hghten their labors ; bcsides you insure much better results. Bcwarc of imitations. james PYLE, New York. SVE YOUR MONEY ! OontrtbntlonK to ttiln ftojmrtment mny he lent elther to I)n. T. 11. HogKl!, Newport. Vt.. or dl rectlj to Thk Watciimah l"t'iii.iiiniri CoMrAHT. A. D. FARWELL Is selling off all the old lots of Suits car ried from last season (many of them just as desirable as new, fresh goods) at a re duotion of $2.00, $3.00 and $5.00 on each Snit. Tennis Coats and Caps, White Flan nel Suits. Boys' Blouses a complete stoek of Summer Goods at No. 75 Main Street. Assets Represented, $250,000,000.00. A. C. BROWN & SON9 FIRE, LIFE and ACCIDENT Insurance Asents, Both Foreign and Amcricau Compauies Kepresentod. FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. Connecticut Firc Insurance Company Assets, $ 3,000,000 Continental Insurance Company Assets, 5,000,000 Commercial Union Assurance Company Assets, 25,000,000 Fire Association of Philadelphia Assets, 5,000,000 First National Kire Insurance Company Assets, 400,000 Granite State Fire Insurance Company Assets, 350,000 Liberty Insurance Company Assets, 2,000,000 Lancashire Insurance Company Assets, 17,000,000 Thc Niagara Insurance Company Assets, 2,000,000 The Phenix Insurance Company Assets, 5,000,000 l'eoples' Fire Insurance Company Assets, 500,000 Queen Insurance Company Assets, 18,000,000 Sun Firc Insurance Company Oldest in the World LIFE AND ACCIDENT COMPANIES. New York Life Insurance Company, New York. .Assets, $ 85,000,000 National Life Insurance Company, Montpelier, Vt., Assets, 5,000,000 Travelers' Insurance Company Assets, 10,000,000 Fidelity and Casualty Insurance Company Assets, 750,000 1 Correspondence and Orders by Mail or Telegraph Promptly Attended to. Losses Settled and Promptly Paid at this Office. OFFICES 1 Corner Main and State Streets, - - Montpelier, Vermont. Granite Block Barre, Vermont. Hanover Crackers Daily Made at White River Junction, Vt.and Sold by all Dealers in Vt. aiit N. H. The steady increasing demand for my gooils haa couipUel uih each year to enlarge Riul in ereaae my faeilities, aml now I have the larjrettt and uiot complete factory o( the ktml tu Vermont. TumiiiK out over 66,000 HANOVER CKACKKKK every wurkiiiK day provea that Hauover Crackera ftr wi. n... uo ple want. ASK FOR SMITH'S CONFECTIONERY. Th&nkliiK you for your KnueroiiB patrouagti iu th ant anl hopiug you will always call for H ANOVKR CKACK KUB and SMITH'S I'UKE CDNKKCTloNKKY. I aui reapec'tfully, 66 17 Ceore W. Smith. White River Juncticn, Vt. PATRONS' PAINT WORKS MAM'KACTUHKUS OF Ingersoll's Liquid Rubber Paint Cheap and Indestructible I'aints for Barns and Outbuildings. Tn thouHitnd I'atniiiH of Hutinlrv aml KurmerH testify thuy are bnHt and cheaiwMt. Beautiful Saiupln Cnliir Canid aml Book lf MtrttOtton KKEE. Wfite iih aml aave muuey. We guaraule itMliHfactlon. O. W. INCERSOLL, Office 243 Plymouth St., Brookiyn, New York. Thc Ico-Watcr RMU The wnrm geason is upon us ngain, bringing with it thc old temptation to InduTgelo ourpcculiar AmericBii drink, ice-wntcr. I'pon no other one of our charactcristic habits as a nation do for eigners comraent more wondcriugly than upon our constant and excessive devotion to this beverage. In no other country is it at all comnion, and visit ors frotn abroad exhaust their vocabu lary in expressing their aniBzement at the amount of it wc consume during the summer months. In onc of his most charming novcls Willlatn Hlack makes his hero excuse himself when remonstrated with bv his wife for drink ing a glass of becr Iieforc breakfast by saying, " Why, my dear, what could I do? There was nothing anywhere about but this horrible water of ice, and I could not drink that." To one not accustomcd to the sight it is cer tainly astouishiug to notice the unfail ing presence of thc ice-watcr pitchcr, or bucket, or " coolcr," anywhere and everywhcre we go in this country. As the guest enters the dining-room of any of our great hotels at mcal-timc he will flnd a phalanx of goblets ranged on every table, each fillcd with lumps of icc tloating in water. In ordcriug a meal at a restaurant the waiter lirst of all brings a huge tumblcr of water, so that the guest may regalc himself thcrewith while his meal is being pre pared, When taking posscssiou of a room at a hotcl a large pitcher of ice watcr is brought before the occupant has had time to settle liimself, and every night on retiring an aniple sup ply isleft outside the door. In making a call, icc-water is otTered as a comnion refreshmcnt, and every store, counting room, school and publio waiting-room has a tall vcssel of tin or galvanized iron lilled with the indispensable lux ury to assuage the thirst of all who pass by. When we considcr what physi Cians tell us about the natural results of this pernieious habit of deluging the stomach with this or any other cbilliiiL; liquid, at all times and "seasous, it is not remarkable that foreigners hold up their hands in aiuazcmeut and WODder if Americana are a reasoning people. It would scem as if it were sutlieieiitly apparcnt how much mischief must en sue from such a habit, and that it would be supeilluous to argue against it. On the contrary, the deleterious effect it must have upon hcalth is as calmly disrcgarded as if the latter were a blessiug no one cared to enjoy. We hear constantly that our national dis ease of dvspepsia is but a conscijuence of this ilood of icc-water, constantly reducing the teinperatuie of the stomach between the natural degree; we read and hear of cases where a single draught, takeu when the body is very much hcated, has produced death, and we know by experience the pecu liar and uncooifortable scusatiou that often follows drinking even a small quantity, and yet we go on handing it about on every side, offering it to others and cousuming it ourselves, as if nothing more inuoeent could be found to assuage thirst. Fancy an ani mal invited to plunge his nose into a bucket lilled with lumps of floatiug ice when his drinking hour had come. What a protest there would be! Im agine a gourmet, who looks upon eat ing as a scientiflc pleasure, destroying the delicatc tlavors of his various dishes by chilling his palatc with great draughts of ice-water. ( onsider how absolutely impossible the proccss of di gcstion is without a certain degree of Eeat. Think how unpleasant and how dangerous a sudden plunge into an icy poud or river is, and how uncomfortu ble it is to have an ice-cold stream sud denlv pourcd ou any part of the body. Why should wc requirc the stomach to endure it, or cxpect it to do so without most unbappy cousequences? Children are constantly victims to this unwholc sonie habit of drinking ice-cold water. IIow they will gathcr around the " coolcr " iu the school-room, and what quantities will they consume when their faccs nre llushcd and their bodics at fcver beat after some livcly gamc! " It tastes good." Vcs, but how many things taste good that bhould be lcft severely alonc! There is uo occasion to drink tcpid or lukewarin water. Let it be of thc temperature of the refrean iiiL' sprlngl nature tucks away in wood laml groves and rocky crannics. One excellcnt way of cooling water is to lill a bottle and place it ou the ice. Thc temperature thus obtained is thor oughly palatable and not harmful. In some maiuier let us heed the WaruiogS given us on all sides and abolish our " water of ice." In any event, let us retnove it out of tlie way of thc chil dren. A'eic York Examiner, Fruit a Perfeol Food. Some people are afraid to cat fruit, tblnking that fruit and diarrhu a are al ways associated, wheu if they uudtr stood thc true causc of the iliarrhua tluv I would know that it wascaused by eating m. Mit I it lu.t w . i ! i . i.ntr.-liix verj QUickly, and during tliis proccss alkaloids are formed which are very poisouous, actiug as emetics and purga iivcs. 'Tis true that fruit caten green or between meals will intcrfere with digestion and cause bowel troublcs; but use fruit that is perfectly ripe at meal'tlme and only beneflcial results will follow. Acids prcvcnt calcarcous degeneratious, keeping the boues elas tlc, as well as preveutiug the accumu LatlOO of carthy matters. This is be cause of the solveut power of Ihe acids; but tnanufactured acids are not harm less, as are those which nature has pre nared for us in the various kinds of fruit. Fruit is a perteot food when fully ripe, but if it were in daily use from youth to age there would be less gout, gall-stoties and stone in the blad der. Stewed applcs, pears and plums are favorite articles of diet. For break fast or luuchcon, iu the dining-room or in the uursery, there are few table dishes more wholesome aud more de licious than well-stewed fruit served up with cream or custard. There aro many persous, however, who can not eat it on accouut either of the acidity of the fruit or the excess of augar neces sary to make ll palatable. Sugar doeg not, of course, counteract acidity; it only disguises it, and its use in large quantities is calculatcd to retard diges lion. Tbchousewife mav therefore be gratcful for the remindcr'that a pincb, a very small pinch, of carbonate of soda, sprinkled over the fruit prc viously to cooking, will save sugar, and will render the dish at once more palat able and more wholesome. M, ! GUutteti Thc Iturcau Itrawer. In the upper drawer of her bureau, chiffonier, or whatever name she chooses to call it, usually repose a girl's choicest treasures of wearing apparel. Her drcsscs may be plain and limited in number, but hcre should be found somcthing that may transform a street dress into a preseutable evening cos tume. More than all else, in thc wav of outside garb, do a young woman's liHtidkerchiefs, glovcs, ribbons or laces prove her claim to the title of a lady. Kverything of this sort must be of good quality and never be used when ragged or soiled. A little forethought on the part of thc owner will keep them clean and whole. I nfortunately the average girl linds it almost impossible to keep this bureau drawcr in proper order; things will get into hopeless confusion, necessitating, at frequent intervals, a "claring up" second only to Aunt Diuah's. Than only will certain arti cles come to light which were well hidden when most needed. This de vice, which has already proved helpful to some girls, may aid others. Long envelopc-boxes without covers will be just the thing to flt most bureaus. They may be arrangcil in anv con venient order, in their natural" condi tion, or lirst covered with satine or cambric. Inside the box, under the saline, put a layer of cotton sprinkled with very little really nicc sccnt-powder. The jewelry compartmcnt should have at least a partial lining of chamois skin, and an extra bit should bc kept ready to polish any dull gold or silver. The central part of the drawer is left for sashes, belts, lace scarfs, neckties, etc. Cottagt Hearth, Gcrnnlums for Wlnter Floweriup;. To have geraniums llower well in winter, preparations should be made now. They do best grown in pots, which should be pluuged in the open bordcr whcrc they can have full sun light and air. Their llowers should be kept cut, aud the plants frecly cut back, in order that they may become stocky aud wcll furnishcd with branchcs which are to yicld llowers the coming winter. If the plants have already been trans ferred to the bordcr, nip the llower in the bud, and cut back 'the same as if they were in pots. Kepot before there is any daugcr from frost, giving them a pot one size largcr than they previouslv OCCupied. I'se a strong, rich soil, and, if thc plants were iu pots, do not dis turb the ball, excepting to take away the outside soil and what dead roots there may be; pack the earth firmly, water thoroughly and keep the plants in a partially shaded place until well established; then assign them asuitable place in the window garden. The more sun, the more llowers, always. Do not cxpect tlowers in both summer and winter from the same plant. Amcrican Qara n. The True Wife. Oftentiraes I have seen a tall ship glide by against thc tide as if drawn by some invisible bowliue with a hundred strong arms pulling it. Her sails were unfilled, her strcamers were droopiug, she had ueither sidc-wheel uor stern wheel; still she moved on stately iu serene triumph, as with her own life. But I knew that on the other side of the ship, hidden bencath the great bulk that swam so majestically, there was a little toilsome steam-tug, with a heart Of lire and arms of iron, that was tug ging it bravely on ; and I knew if the little steam-tug untwiued her arm and left the ship. it would wallow aud roll about, and drift bitber and tbitber, aud go off with the relluent tide, no man knows wbitber. And so I have known more than one genius high-dccked, full-frcighted, full-sailed, gay-pen-noued but that for the bare, toiliug arms. and brave. warm-beatinir heart of the faitbful little wife that nestles close to him, so that no wind or wavc could part them, would have gouc dowu with thc stream and have been heard of no more. 0. IF. Holmea, Items of Inlcrest. In the place of allowing lettuce to wastc, if anyoue will boil it, and dress with or without cggs either poached or bard-boiled and tliced I am sure it will soon use up a quantity, and cau not fail to be liked. ifita, Wilmington, Ar. C. To prevent dampuess and the con scquent accumulation of mould in the closets or ccllar, place a small quautity of quick-limc in any suitable receptacle and allow it to staud open, chaugiug it when i( bccomes slaked. Of course the quantity used must be proportioued to the place where it is used. In the celiar it is well to put it in several places, particulai ly il'uaturallv damp. Mrs. E. II. Stratton. To remove grease from boards take a box of couceutrated lye, open very carefuUy and turn out iu a large bowl or pitchcr, add a quart of warm, soft water, let it become thoroughly dis solved, then put away, out of the possi bility of any one rcaching it but your self, in a jug or bottle, labeled. A little of this put on grimed, greasy boards acts like a charm. Let It staud a few miuutes, then wash off with a brush aud plcuty of water. It is use ful in many ways, but I must agaiu warn you to have extremecarc in using it, or rather iu keeping it out of the way of ohildren or others who might bc carclcss with it. Aunt Flo. Foriu and Featuro, I'uless associated with good tceth, are shorn of half the attractions they may olherwise possess. Hcariug this fact iu miud, use 80ZODONT, which will prevent your tecth from losing their whiteness, and will render them spot less if sneckled and discolored. The tlat and liardncBs of coral are imparted to tho gums by this incomparable pre servative and beautifyingageut,and the breath is reudered fragrant as honey suckle by its use. It is aafe, besides being effective. Sold by druggists.